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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879020

ABSTRACT

To demonstrate the fragmentation patterns of simple coumarins furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8), furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) and dihydrofuran coumarin by mass spectrometry, with fraxin, scopoletin, isopsoralen, pimpinellin, isoimperatorin, notopterol and noda-kenin as study subjects, so as to provide a basis for rapid identification of compounds in different subtypes of coumarins. Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography combined with quardrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was implemented in both positive and negative ion modes. Masslynx software was employed to provide the elemental constituents of each detected ion based on its accurate molecular weight. Chemdraw 2014 was used to cultivate mass number of each inferred structure. The fragment pattern of each compound was determined based on the structures inferred from all the relevant ions. And the patterns were drawn by Chemdraw 2014. The deviation between the calculated molecular weight of the inferred structure and the detected value of the ions was used to assess the correctness of the inferred structures in the fragmentation patterns. The results showed that with UPLC-Q-TOF, neutral loss of CO_2 and CO was reflected in lactone and furan skeletons from the courmarin structure. An even mass was attributed to the loss of an odd number of methyl radicals from compounds with a methoxy substituent. Furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) produced a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+), while the other courmarin subtypes produced either a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) or a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) with a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+). The m/z 203.03 was a diagnostic ion for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7), and the m/z 147.04 was supplementary evidence for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) identification. The characteristic ion of furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was m/z 131.05, while m/z 187.04 was the characteristic ion of dihydrofuran coumarin. The m/z 203.03 ion for furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was pretty weak. In negative ion mode, furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) did not have any signals that were different from the other subtypes of courmarins. The fragmentation patterns in negative ion mode for the other subtypes of courmarins were similar to those in positive ion mode. Four types of fragmentation patterns were identified as forcourmarins from Notopterygium inchum. This study provides the basis for the rapid identification of courmarin subtypes by mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Coumarins , Humans , Ions , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Extracts , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878914

ABSTRACT

To select suitable references gene of Polygonum multiflorum for gene expression analysis in different tissues, five candidate reference genes like Actin,GAPDH,SAND,PP2A,TIP41 were selected from the transcriptome data of P. multiflorum, then the specific primers were designed. The expression stability of the five reference genes in different tissues of P. multiflorum was analyzed by Real-time quantitative PCR through avilable analysis methods such as geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, Delta CT and RefFinder, to ensure the reliability of the analysis results. The results showed that there were significant differences in the expression levels and stability of candidate genes in different tissues of P. multiflorum. Ct distribution analysis of the expression levels of candidate genes showed that the expression levels of Actin and GAPDH genes were relatively high in different tissues, while the expression levels of SAND, PP2A and TIP41 were lower. The stability of each candidate gene was analyzed by different methods. The results of geNorm analysis showed that the expression of PP2A and GAPDH was the most stable, the expression stability of SAND was the worst, the stability of PP2A was the highest in both NormFinder and Delta CT, the stability of SAND was the lowest, and the stability of Actin was the most stable in BestKeeper analysis. Through the comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the stability of candidate genes by RefFinder, it is concluded that the stability of PP2A gene is the highest, followed by GAPDH, Actin, TIP41, SAND, and SAND gene is the worst. Therefore, the PP2A gene is an ideal reference gene for the analysis of gene expression in different tissues of P. multiflorum.


Subject(s)
Fallopia multiflora , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885383

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 289 patients aged 60 years old and above with acute intestinal obstruction operated in Drum Tower Hospital during June 2010 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Among 289 cases, 97 cases(33.6%)had tumor, 66(22.8%)had external hernias, 44(15.2%)had adhesions, 36(12.5%)had volvulus, 20(6.9%)had internal hernias, 8(2.8%)had intussusception and 18(6.2%)had other causes. Of 156 strangulated intestinal obstruction cases, 51 cases(32.7%)had external hernias,36(23.1%)had volvulus, 26(16.7%)had adhesions, 18(11.5%)had internal hernias, 14(9.0%)had tumor, 8(5.1%)had intussusception, and 3(1.9%)had other causes. There was a history of abdominal surgery in 88.6%(39/44)cases of adhesion, 85.0% (17/20) cases of internal hernia and 61.1%(22/36)cases of volvulus. For patients with acute intestinal obstruction caused by intestinal tumor, the cases of small bowel obstruction, strangulated intestinal obstruction and the strangulated large bowel were significantly less than those of large bowel obstruction, the non-strangulated intestinal obstruction and the non-strangulated large bowel obstruction (5 vs. 92, 14 vs. 80, 12 vs. 83, respectively; all P<0.05). For patients with strangulated intestinal obstruction caused by external hernias, volvulus, internal hernias and intussusception were significantly more than those with non-strangulated intestinal obstruction groups(51 vs.15, 36 vs. 0, 18 vs. 2, 8 vs. 0, respectively; P<0.05). The patients with strangulated large bowel obstruction caused by external hernias( n=4) and volvulus( n=9)were significantly more than those with non-strangulated large bowel obstruction( n=1 and 0, respectively; P<0.05). The patients with strangulated small bowel obstruction caused by adhesions( n=26)and volvulus( n=27)were significantly more than those with non-strangulated small bowel obstruction( n=18 and 0,respectively; P<0.05).The study showed that the principal causes of emergency operation for acute intestinal obstruction and strangulated intestinal obstruction are intestinal tumor and external hernias in elderly patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the echocardiographic features of operation-related aorto-cardiac fistula(ACF) after surgery or transcatheter procedure, to explore the value of echocardiography on diagnosis of operation-related ACF, and summarize the key points of its diagnosis.Methods:Eight patients with operation-related ACF who were admitted to Fuwai Hospital were collected from July 2002 to December 2020. Echocardiographic features of the 8 patients with operation-related ACF were reviewed and analyzed. The diagnosis methodology was summarized.Results:Of the 8 patients with operation-related ACF, 3 had aortic right atrial fistula and 5 had aortic right ventricular fistula. The fistula was single, which can be located but not limited to the aortic sinus. The median size of the fistula was 4 mm (range: 3-5 mm). There was no aneurysmal dilation of the aortic sinus where the fistula was located. The fractured end of the fistula did not thin, and the fistula had a regular shape. Six of the 8 patients undertook cardiac catheterization and occlusion. One patient received surgical repairment. One patient was treated conservatively.Conclusions:Echocardiography can help diagnose operation-related ACF and provide valuable information for further clinical diagnosis and treatment. Sonographers should avoid missed diagnosis and pay attention to distinguishing from other causes of aortic-cardiac shunt disease.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 161-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of different prone position ventilation (PPV) on patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) at high altitude.Methods:The severe ARDS patients who met the Berlin standard admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital from January 2017 to January 2020 were enrolled. The patients with classic PPV treatment (i.e. alternate prone supine position, about 16 hours per day) were included in the discontinuous PPV group; the patients with modified PPV treatment (i.e. alternate left and right prone positions 20°-30°, every 4 hours and continuous treatment for 24 hours per day) were included in the continuous PPV group. The oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), mechanics of breathing, ventilator parameters before treatment and 72 hours after treatment, and mechanical ventilation time, the length of ICU stay, and related complications between the two groups were analyzed. Results:Eighteen cases were treated with continuous PPV and 20 cases were treated with discontinuous PPV. There were no significant differences in gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ), PaO 2/FiO 2, lung compliance, driving pressure (ΔP) and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) before treatment between the two groups. Compared with before treatment, PaO 2/FiO 2 in discontinuous PPV group and continuous PPV group was increased significantly after 72-hour treatment [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 99.7±15.4 vs. 55.5±6.3, 121.8±25.3 vs. 55.1±7.1, both P < 0.05], lung compliance was improved significantly (mL/cmH 2O: 36.8±2.4 vs. 28.0±2.0, 43.4±6.7 vs. 27.7±2.1, both P < 0.05), and ΔP was decreased significantly [cmH 2O (1 cmH 2O = 0.098 kPa): 10.5 (10.0, 12.0) vs. 13.0 (12.3, 14.0), 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) vs. 13.0 (12.0, 14.0), both P < 0.05], PEEP was also decreased [cmH 2O: 12 (12, 14) vs. 14 (13, 14), 10 (8, 10) vs. 14 (12, 15), both P < 0.05], and the indexes in continuous PPV group were improved more significantly than those in discontinuous PPV group [PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 121.8±25.3 vs. 99.7±15.4, lung compliance (mL/cmH 2O): 43.4±6.7 vs. 36.8±2.4, ΔP (cmH 2O): 10.0 (8.0, 12.0) vs. 10.5 (10.0, 12.0), PEEP (cmH 2O): 10 (8, 10) vs. 12 (12, 14), all P < 0.05]. The duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay in the continuous PPV group were significantly shorter than those in the intermittent PPV group [days: 6.0 (5.0, 7.3) vs. 8.0 (7.0, 9.0), 9.7±1.5 vs. 12.1±2.2, both P < 0.01]. During the PPV treatment, there were 3 cases of cheek skin damage and 2 cases of ear skin damage in the continuous PPV group, and 3 cases of facial skin damage in the intermittent PPV group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.321, P = 0.571). All patients were repaired normally after PPV, without adverse consequences. Conclusion:Continuous PPV is more effective than discontinuous PPV in the treatment of severe ARDS patients at high altitude, and the related complications are did not increased in prolonged time of PPV.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the interim clinical efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in elderly patients.Methods:The prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 102 patients aged ≥65 years who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University from September 2014 to May 2018 were collected. After excluding 6 patients, 96 patients were finally included. Based on random number table, patients were allocated into two groups. Patients undergoing laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were allocated into laparoscopic group, and patients undergoing open distal gastrectomy were allocated into open group, respectively. Obser-vation indicators: (1) grouping situations of the enrolled patients; (2) intraoperative situations; (3) postoperative situations; (4) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect complications in the postoperative 30 days up to July 2018. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( P25, P75) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the non-parameter Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) Grouping situations of the enrolled patients: a total of 96 patients were selected for eligibility. There were 66 males and 30 females, aged from 65 to 85 years, with a median age of 69 years. There were 49 of 96 patients in the laparoscopic group and 47 patients in the open group. (2) Intraoperative situations: patients in the two groups underwent distal gastrectomy successfully with D 2 lymphadenectomy, without intra-operative conversion to laparotomy. The volume of intraoperative blood loss and surgical incision length were 50 mL(50 mL,100 mL) and (7.1±1.7)cm for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 100 mL(100 mL,200 mL) and (19.1±1.7)cm for the open group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?3.779, t=?34.880, P<0.05) . (3) Postoperative situations: the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative initial out-of-bed activities, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake, time to postoperative first semi-liquid food intake, time to drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 49(35,62), 1.9 days(1.3 days,2.9 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.4 days(2.7days,4.0 days), 5.9 days(4.7 days,7.7 days), 4.9 days(3.5 days,6.8 days), 7.7 days(6.7 days,8.9 days) for the laparoscopic group, respectively, versus 40(27,51), 2.5 days (1.8 days,3.3 days), 2.6 days(2.2 days,2.9 days), 3.9 days(2.9 days,5.7 days), 4.9 days(3.9 days, 5.9 days), 6.3 days(4.7 days,8.9 days), 8.7 days(6.9 days,11.7 days), showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=?2.354, ?2.210, ?2.743, ?2.474, ?2.906, ?2.503, ?2.359, P<0.05). (4) Follow-up: patients in the two groups received 30 days of follow-up. During the follow-up, 8 patients in the laparoscopic group had postoperative complications, including 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 7 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and no patient with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. Thirteen patients in the open group had postoperative complications, including 2 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ complications, 10 cases with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ complications, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ complications. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=1.135, 1.973, 1.054, P>0.05). The overall complication rate was 16.3%(8/49) and 27.7%(13/47) for the laparoscopic group and open group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.803, 99.7% confidence interval as ?∞ to 2.4%, P>0.05). The upper limit of 99.7% confidence interval was less than non-inferiority level of 15%, interim analysis of which showed that the complication rate of the laparoscopic group was non-inferior to the open group. Conclusion:For elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic or open distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, laparoscopic surgery does not increase intraoperative or postoperative complications, and has advantages of minimally invasiveness, fine operation, quicker recovery, and shorter hospital stay. Registry: this study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov in United States, with the registry number of NCT02246153.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882922

ABSTRACT

Primary ciliay dyskinesia (PCD)is a kind of monogenic disorder.Young patients often present recurrent respiratory tract infection, even progress to bronchiectasis, and some children are combined with situs inversus.The pathogenesis is closely related to the abnormality of cilia structure and/or function.So far, over 40 genes that are associated with PCD has been confirmed in humans.About 70% of the cases are correlated with these genes.Although the relationship between genotype and phenotype is not fully clear, some genetic defects and clinical manifestations might have certain relevance.The severity of the clinical phenotype may also be related to a specific genotype.With the maturity of gene sequencing technology and the reduction of the cost, gene sequencing can also be applied in clinical practices to make up for the shortcomings of traditional diagnostic methods.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882805

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiology of pleural effusion in hospitalized children in Beijing Children′s Hospital.Methods:Clinical information of children with pleural effusion admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018 was retrospectively analyzed.According to the etiology, the children were divided into infection group (parapneumonic pleural effusion, tuberculous pleurisy and empyema) and non infection group.According to the age, the children were further divided into ≤ 3 years old, >3-7 years old and > 7 years old groups.Classification of statistics was performed, and the etiology of pleural effusion were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 1 165 children with pleural effusion, 746 cases(64.0%) were infected with pleural effusion, 697 cases (697/746, 93.4%) of who were parapneumonic effusion.In patients with parapneumonic effusion, 457 cases (61.3%) had Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) infection.Infectious pleural effusion was more common in children >7 years old(339/479 cases, 70.8%), while non-infectious pleural effusion was prevalent in children under 3 years old(188/324 cases, 58.0%). The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=96.33, P<0.05). Among the patients with non-infectious pleural effusion, 239 cases (239/419 cases, 57.0%) had multi-system diseases and 97 cases (97/419 cases, 23.2%) had malignant pleural effusion.All the 18 deaths were non-infectious pleural effusion. Conclusions:The leading reason for pleural effusion in children is infection.The most prevalent symptom is parapneumonic effusion, which is mainly caused by MP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882718

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and reliability of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in the treatment of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NETs) with a diameter of ≤10mm.Methods:From February 2015 to June 2019, 40 cases of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors with a diameter of ≤10mm underwent EMR in Yantaishan Hospital of Yantai City were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the safety and reliability of EMR surgery.Results:All 40 cases were performed endoscopically by EMR. The en bloc resection rate and RO resection rate reached 100%. The lesions were all confined to the submucosa and did not infiltrate the muscularis propria. Postoperative pathological classification: NET G1: 35 cases, NET G2 grade: 5 cases, no NET G3 grade cases. There were no complications such as bleeding and perforation during and after the operation. Follow-up: 1 case was lost to follow-up, 1 patient died of other diseases, and the remaining 38 cases were followed up for an average of 27.8 months (5-46 months) without local recurrence or distant metastasis.Conclusion:For well-differentiated G1 and G2 gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors with a diameter ≤10mm, EMR is a safe and reliable treatment.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 226-232,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882474

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and efficacy of continuous transversus abdominis plane (CTAP) block and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in abdominal surgery postoperatively.Methods:PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI and other English and Chinese databases were searched since their establishment to February 2021 with "continuous/modified, transversus/transverse abdominis plane block, TAP block, patient controlled analgesia, patient-controlled analgesia, patient controlled intravenous analgesia, patient-controlled intravenous analgesia, PCA/PCIA/IV-PCA" as the search keywords. According to the analgesia treatment methods, patients were divided into continuous transversus abdominis plane block group (CTAP group) and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia group (PCIA group). Review Manager 5.4 software was used to conduct a Meta-analysis on outcome indicators such as postoperative nausea and (or) vomiting (PONV), dizziness, pain score and recovery status after abdominal surgery. Risk ratio ( RR) was calculated for counting data, Mean ± SD was calculated for measurement data. Heterogeneity was measured by I2, and related data were analyzed by using either a fixed effects model or a random effects model. Results:(1) The results of literature search: A total of 6 randomized controlled trials, including 2 published in English and 4 published in Chinese were analyzed, involving 479 patients. The results of the Meta-analysis: Compared with PCIA, CTAP block had lower incidence of PONV ( RR=0.22, 95% CI: 0.08-0.62, P<0.01), lower incidence of dizziness ( RR=0.27, 95% CI: 0.09-0.79, P=0.02), lower pain scores on movement at 24 h ( MD=-0.75, 95% CI: -1.42--0.08, P=0.03) and 48 h ( MD=-0.68, 95% CI: -1.05--0.31, P<0.001) postoperatively, and earlier time of first mobilization ( MD=-0.49, 95% CI: -0.69--0.30, P<0.001) and first exhaust ( MD=-10.47, 95% CI: -13.53--7.41, P<0.001), with statistically significant differences. However, there were no statistically significant differences in pain scores at rest at 24 h ( MD=-0.25, 95% CI: -0.57-0.08, P=0.14) and 48 h ( MD=-0.15, 95% CI: -0.39-0.09, P=0.22) postoperatively and postoperative length of hospital stay ( MD=-1.01, 95% CI: -2.28-0.26, P=0.12). Conclusion:CTAP block is a relatively safe and effective analgesic method, and it′s more consistent with the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and can be recommended as an alternative method of PCIA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881241

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the value of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to monitor and evaluate aortic insufficiency (AI) within one year after the implantation of the left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Methods    We retrospectively collected and analyzed the TTE data of 12 patients who received LVAD implantation from 2018 to 2020 in our hospital. All patients were males, with an average age of 43.3±8.6 years. We analyzed temporal changes in the aortic annulus (AA), aortic sinus (AoS), ascending aorta (AAo), the severity of AI and the opening of aortic valve before operation and 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after LVAD implantation. Results    All 12 patients survived within 1 year after LVAD implantation. One patient was bridged to heart transplantation 6 months after implantation, and two patients did not receive TTE after 3 and 6 months. Compared to pre-implantation, AoS increased at 1 month after implantation (31.58±5.09 mm vs. 33.83±4.69 mm). The inner diameters of AA, AoS and AAo increased at 3, 6 and 12 months after LVAD implantation compared to pre-implantation (P<0.05), but all were within the normal range except for one patient whose AoS slightly increased before operation. After LVAD pump speed was adjusted, the opening of aortic  valve improved. The severity of AI increased at 6 and 12 months after LVAD implantation compared to pre-implantation, and increased at 12 months compared to 6 months after LVAD implantation (P<0.05). Conclusion    TTE can evaluate aortic regurgitation before and after LVAD implantation and monitor the optimization and adjustment of LVAD pump function, which has a positive impact on the prognosis after LVAD implantation.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1175-1199, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881192

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic nanoparticles are designed to enhance efficacy, real-time monitoring, targeting accuracy, biocompatibility, biodegradability, safety, and the synergy of diagnosis and treatment of diseases by leveraging the unique physicochemical and biological properties of well-developed bio-nanomaterials. Recently, bio-inspired metal nanoclusters (NCs) consisting of several to roughly dozens of atoms (<2 nm) have attracted increasing research interest, owing to their ultrafine size, tunable fluorescent capability, good biocompatibility, variable metallic composition, and extensive surface bio-functionalization. Hybrid core-shell nanostructures that effectively incorporate unique fluorescent inorganic moieties with various biomolecules, such as proteins (enzymes, antigens, and antibodies), DNA, and specific cells, create fluorescently visualized molecular nanoparticle. The resultant nanoparticles possess combinatorial properties and synergistic efficacy, such as simplicity, active bio-responsiveness, improved applicability, and low cost, for combination therapy, such as accurate targeting, bioimaging, and enhanced therapeutic and biocatalytic effects. In contrast to larger nanoparticles, bio-inspired metal NCs allow rapid renal clearance and better pharmacokinetics in biological systems. Notably, advances in nanoscience, interfacial chemistry, and biotechnologies have further spurred researchers to explore bio-inspired metal NCs for therapeutic purposes. The current review presents a comprehensive and timely overview of various metal NCs for various therapeutic applications, with a special emphasis on the design rationale behind the use of biomolecules/cells as the main scaffolds. In the different hybrid platform, we summarize the current challenges and emerging perspectives, which are expected to offer in-depth insight into the rational design of bio-inspired metal NCs for personalized treatment and clinical translation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880450

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the current situation of artificial intelligence production enterprise quality management system, so as to provide reference basis for the research and standardization of Artificial Intelligence Medical Device (AIMD) product quality management.@*METHODS@#Based on YY/T 0287-2017 Medical Device Quality Management System for Regulatory Requirements, Medical Equipment Production and the Quality Control Standard for Independent Software Appendix and Xavier GMLP report, the relevant factors were screened and the questionnaire was designed by combining expert consultation and literature review. Then, a total of 32 representative AIMD enterprises were invited to fill in the questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed on the data results using Excel 2016.@*RESULTS@#Through in-depth analysis of the four themes in product planning and design, result output, product quality control and product change, it was found that it was necessary for enterprises participating in the survey to improve the quality management system of AIMD products to different degrees.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study is the first time to systematically investigate the status quo of quality management of AIMD enterprises. The result will be useful for the establishment and continuous improvement of product quality management system. It will also provide a reference for the research of AIMD product quality management and the establishment of the standard.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Software
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the polymorphism of the HPA1-5,15 system of the donors in Zhangjiakou area.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from the blood samples of the donors, PCR- SSP method was used to divide HPA1-6, 15 genotype. The gene frequency and genotype frequency were calculated, compared with the difference and regiahal specificity of the populations in our country and foregiens was compared other populations.@*RESULTS@#The gene expression in the HPA-1, HPA-2 and HPA-4 systems were all homozygous aa, and the donors who expressed homozygous bb was not exessed. Among them, one heterozygous ab expression was found in both HPA-1 and HPA-4 systems (1%), and 14 cases of heterozygous ab expression were found in HPA-2 system (14%). The gene expression in the HPA-5 system was mainly homozygous aa (98%), and a very few expressed homozygous bb (2%) was found. The degree of heterozygosity of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems was relatively high. The proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-3 system was respectively 46%, 40% and 14%, the proprotion of the expression of aa, ab and bb in the HPA-15 system was respectively 21%, 64% and 15%.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene frequency of platelet-specific antigen HPA1-5,15 system in zhangjiakou region shows local characteristics. The heterozygosity degree of gene expression in the HPA-3 and HPA-15 systems are both high, suggesting that they are more likely to result in alloimmunization and ineffective platelet transfusion, which should be pays attention to.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Blood Donors , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 522-526, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873796

ABSTRACT

Systemic treatment and local treatment of metastatic lesion can improve the survival of patients with colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM). Stereotactic body radiotherapy, also known as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), is an effective method for local treatment of metastatic lesion and also has a certain impact on systemic immune status. SABR can directly kill tumor cells and change tumor immune microenvironment through influence on tumor cells and non-tumor cells. SABR combined with immunotherapy may increase the incidence rate of abscopal effect outside the irradiated area by affecting different links of immune response. Stereotactic ablative brachytherapy (SABT) is an independent minimally invasive treatment system with the characteristics of short treatment course, high accuracy, and definite therapeutic effect. This article reviews the application of SABR and SABT in CRLM.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873585

ABSTRACT

@#The objectives of the study were to screen prostaglandin E2 receptor 4 antagonist from active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L. and to explore its anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect.The HEK293T-EP4 cell antagonist screening model was established in vitro. Homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence (HTRF) technique was used to screen the active compounds of Baeckea frutescens L..SPF grade ICR male mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, methotrexate group, and Baeckea frutescens L.compound BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) groups. The collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model was established in vivo. The swelling volume of the toes of mice was measured, and the pathological examination was analyzed by staining with hematoxylin and eosin.SPF grade ICR mice, male, were randomly divided into control group, BF-2 (100, 50 and 25 mg/kg) group, and aspirin group.The acetic acid-induced body writhing test was observed.The EP4 in vitro antagonist screening model was successfully established.The preliminary screening results found that BF-2, BF-20, BF-11 and BF-12 had strong EP4 antagonistic activity [(102.11 ± 3.45)%, (90.31 ± 3.59)%, (75.72 ± 1.79)% and (76.84 ± 1.64)%], and BF-2 had the strongest antagonistic activity (IC50 = 0.99 ± 0.08 μg/mL).BF-2 could significantly inhibit the toe swelling of CIA mice, and relieve the degradation of articular cartilage matrix and inflammatory cell infiltration.At the same time, compared with the control group, the writhing times of the mice in each dose of BF-2 were significantly reduced.In this study, BF-2 of Baeckea frutescens L.was selected as an EP4 antagonist, which has potential anti-rheumatoid arthritis activity.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacies of the two techniques of "micro-hemostasis and micro-cutting" with straight bipolar electrocoagulation forceps and traditional clamp-ligation for hemostasia in thyroid surgery.@*Methods@#A total of 228 patients who underwent surgical treatment for thyroid neoplasms in our hospital between January 2015 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 50 males and 178 females, aged 23-68 years old. Of those, 150 cases as electric knife group received traditional thyroid surgery between January 2015 and December 2018 and 78 cases as bipolar electrocoagulation group received thyroid surgery by using the technique of bipolar electrocoagulation with meticulous anatomy between January 2018 and December 2018. The total operation time, single operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative drainage volume on the first day, postoperative hoarseness and hypocalcemia were compared between the two groups. SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data.@*Results@#The total operation time and intraoperative hemorrhage in the bipolar electrocoagulation group were significantly lower than those in the electric knife group ((59.33±18.29)min vs (77.21±25.39)min, (14.83±9.22)ml vs (36.86±11.80)ml, all P<0.01). The single operation time of the bipolar electrocoagulation group was shorter than that of the electric knife group((10.25±6.16) min vs (20.34±7.24)min, (16.25±7.15)min vs (35.68±8.25)min, (12.12±5.25)min vs (20.68±7.26)min, t value was 3.948,16.262,8.238, all P<0.01).There was no significant difference between the two groups in postoperative drainage volume on the first day (P>0.05) and the incidence of postoperative hoarseness (P>0.05), while the incidence of hypocalcemia in the bipolar electrocoagulation group(10.26%) was lower than that in the electric knife group(21.33%,χ2=4.353, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The fine dissection for thyroid operation can be achieved by using straight bipolar electrocoagulation tweezers. The use of "micro-hemostasis" and "micro-cutting" technique with bipolar electrocoagulation tweezers can greatly reduce intraoperative bleeding, operation time and postoperative complication.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799470

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To access the effect of maternal cell contamination (MCC) on the detection of copy number variation (CNV) by chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) in prenatal diagnostic samples.@*Methods@#Amniotic fluid DNA samples were collected from Department of Prenatal Diagnosis (Screening) Centre of Hangzhou Women′s Hospital from December 2016 to August 2018. Copy number variations (CNVs) were identified in these DNA samples by CMA and normal female genomic DNA was added to simulate different proportions of maternal cells contamination. The simulated samples were tested using an Agilent microarray chromosome chip 180K CGH (Agilent 180K CGH) and the results were analyzed by Agilent CytoGenomics software.@*Results@#The results showed that duplications of CNV could not be detected at>38.4% MCC. Deletions of CNV could not be detected at>41.3% of MCC. With the increase of MCC ratio, the detection rate of CNV decreased gradually. The array and software allowed detection of longer copy-number variations at higher levels of maternal cell contamination than shorter copy-number variations. For the same size CNV, the detection ability of the deleted CNV was slightly higher than that of duplication. In the male sample, the observable shift of the X/Y chromosome ratio at>10% MCC can be detected by the microarray.@*Conclusions@#When the MCC is higher than a particular ratio, it can affect the CMA detection of CNV. Based on the Agilent 180K CGH detection results for MCC mimics and the CNV detection specificity principle, the MCC threshold of the Agilent 180K CGH is set to 30% in view of conservative principles.

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Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 55-60, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799035

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the menopausal symptoms and quality of life of hormone receptor positive (HR+ ) breast cancer patients at different endocrine therapy time.@*Methods@#The HR+ breast cancer patients who were pathologically confirmed from 2011 to 2017 in the Sichuan Cancer Hospital were divided into three groups according to endocrine therapy time (<12 months, 12~36 months, >36 months) and analyzed by a cross-sectional study. The Menopausal symptoms and quality of life of these patients were measured using the modified Kupperman scale and the functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast cancer (FACT-B) scale. The differences of menopausal symptoms among different time groups and drug groups were analyzed by Chi-square test. The differences of quality of life and the effects of menopausal symptoms on quality of life were tested by covariance and multiple linear regression analyses.@*Results@#The average score of menopausal symptom of 167 patients was 14.5±7.6 and the prevalence rate was 87.4% (146/167). Among all of the menopausal symptoms, the prevalence rate of insomnia was the highest (73.7%, 123/167). Besides insomnia and excitement, hot flashes was more prevalent in selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) users (64.8%, 79/122) , while osteoarthritis was more prevalent in aromatase inhibitor (AI) users (62.2%, 28/45). The total score of FACT-B of Patients was 104.5±15.5, and the compliance rate was up to 89.8% (150/167). However, the condition of each dimension was different, the compliance rates of social/ family and functional dimension were lowest, which were 73.0% (122/167) and 50.9% (85/167), respectively. The menopausal symptoms of patients at different time groups were 15.0±1.3, 14.0±6.9, 14.5±7.4, respectively, and the total score of FACT-B of patients at different time groups were 102.7±17.8, 105.0±12.9, 105.6±16.7, respectively, without significant differences (both P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that menopausal symptoms impaired the quality of life of SERM users during the endocrine therapeutic period. The standardized regression coefficients of three time groups were -0.67, -0.30, -0.50, respectively, with the lowest effect on 12~36 months group.@*Conclusion@#HR+ breast cancer patients will have a poor function recovery and social/ family return, who need more attention. Menopausal symptoms are common problems during endocrine therapy, and active measures should be taken to improve patients′ quality of life.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 16-22, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between the level of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) and clinical indicators of first visited primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) patients with positive AMA.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2016, the clinical data of 1 323 patients with positive AMA and/or AMA-M2 detected for the first time were collected through the Information System of Peking University People′s Hospital. Among them, 183 were detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, 431 were measured by immunoblotting, and 709 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients were divided into undiagnosed PBC group (non-PBC group, 973 cases) and newly diagnosed PBC group (new-PBC group, 350 cases including 268 cases of non-liver cirrhosis and 82 cases of liver cirrhosis); among 709 cases detected by ELISA, there were 567 cases in the non-PBC group and 142 cases in the new-PBC group (115 cases of non-liver cirrhosis PBC group and 27 cases of liver cirrhosis PBC group). Among 183 cases determined by indirect immunofluorescence assay, there were 118 cases in the non-PBC group and 65 cases in the new-PBC group. Among them 69 cases with low AMA titer (1∶40—1∶80) (53 cases of non-PBC group and 16 cases of new-PBC group), 95 cases with medium titer (1∶160—1∶320) (59 cases of non-PBC group and 36 cases of new-PBC group) and 19 cases with high titer (≥1∶640) (six cases of non-PBC group and 13 cases of new-PBC group). AMA levels among groups were compared, and its correlation with clinical serology and cirrhosis indicators of PBC including immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgM, platelet, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptadase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum total protein, serum albumin, total bilirubin (TBil), total cholesterol (TC), and aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis (Fib-4) was analysed. Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#By ELISA method, the median titer of AMA-M2 of 709 patients was 53 RU/mL, the serum AMA and AMA-M2 levels of new-PBC group were both higher than those of non-PBC group (1∶320 vs. 1∶80, 180 RU/mL vs. 47 RU/mL), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 = 14.111, Z = -7.531, both P < 0.01). In non-PBC group, the AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, serum IgG, IgM, AST, GGT, ALP, serum total protein and TC, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.114, 0.108, 0.337, 0.089, 0.197, 0.086, 0.121 and 0.073, all P<0.05). In new-PBC group, AMA-M2 value was positively correlated with age, IgM, serum total protein and TC, however was negatively correlated with platelet count, all of which were statistically significant (Rho = 0.218, 0.483, 0.230, 0.161, and -0.183, all P<0.05). The median values of serum AMA and AMA-M2 of PBC without liver cirrhosis group were both tended to be lower than those of PBC with liver cirrhosis (1∶160 vs. 1∶320; 174 RU/mL vs. 495 RU/mL), however the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). AMA-M2 value of patients in PBC with liver cirrhosis group was positively correlated with IgM level (r = 0.38, P = 0.039), but was not correlated with APRI and Fib-4 (all P > 0.05). The median of AMA value of 183 patients who underwent indirect immunofluorescence test was 1∶160. In non-PBC group, the IgM levels of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (the median levels were 1.2, 1.7 and 1.8 g/L, respectively); in new-PBC group, the levels of IgM, GGT and ALP of patients with low, medium and high AMA titers gradually increased (median IgM levels were 1.5, 3.7 and 4.1 g/L, respectively; GGT levels were 144, 182 and 317 U/L, respectively; and ALP levels were 137, 168 and 221 U/L, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =6.260, 7.081, 8.030, 15.226, all P<0.05). In non-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men was lower than that of women (41 RU/L vs. 50 RU/L), and the difference was statistically significant (Z = -2.945, P = 0.003). In new-PBC group, the median level of serum AMA-M2 of men tended to be lower than that of women (113 RU/mL vs. 206 RU/mL), but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.257).@*Conclusion@#Serum AMA level is correlated with many clinical parameters and may be related with the disease severity in patients with PBC.

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