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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to review the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis systematically.@*METHODS@#We searched seven databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, The Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang Data, and VIP, to obtain randomized controlled trials related to the treatment of oral submucous fibrosis by curcumin. Each database was searched from inception to 30 June 2019. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Six randomized controlled trials involving 350 patients were included in this study. Meta-analysis showed that curcumin can increase the maximal mouth opening and improve burning sensation compared with placebo treatment. Curcumin was not as effective as the controls in achieving maximal mouth opening after 1 month of treatment. However, no statistically significant difference was observed between the treatments from 2 months to 6 months. Curcumin significantly improved burning sensation compared with the controls after 3 months of treatment. No statistically significant diffe-rence in burning sensation was observed between the curcumin and control groups after 1, 2, and 6 months of treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The current evidence shows that curcumin is an effective treatment for improving maximal mouth opening and burning sensation in patients with oral submucous fibrosis. Given the limited number and low quality of the included studies, however, more high-quality studies are needed to verify these findings.


Subject(s)
Curcumin , Databases, Factual , Humans , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/drug therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 765-776, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reviving patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (DOCs) has always been focused and challenging in medical research. Owing to the limited effectiveness of available medicine, recent research has increasingly turned towards neuromodulatory therapies, involving the stimulation of neural circuits. We summarised the progression of research regarding neuromodulatory therapies in the field of DOCs, compared the differences among different studies, in an attempt to explore optimal stimulation patterns and parameters, and analyzed the major limitations of the relevant studies to facilitate future research.@*METHODS@#We performed a search in the PubMed database, using the concepts of DOCs and neuromodulation. Inclusion criteria were: articles in English, published after 2002, and reporting clinical trials of neuromodulatory therapies in human patients with DOCs.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 187 published articles met the search criteria, and 60 articles met the inclusion criteria. There are differences among these studies regarding the clinical efficacies of neurostimulation techniques for patients with DOCs, and large-sample studies are still lacking.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neuromodulatory techniques were used as trial therapies for DOCs wherein their curative effects were controversial. The difficulties in detecting residual consciousness, the confounding effect between the natural course of the disease and therapeutic effect, and the heterogeneity across patients are the major limitations. Large-sample, well-designed studies, and innovations for both treatment and assessment are anticipated in future research.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Consciousness , Consciousness Disorders/therapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the performance of W2 plastic scintillator in megavolt photon and electron beams.Methods:The photon and electron beam energy provided by linear accelerator was used to collect data of the W2 scintillator. The parameters include the electrometer reading stability, W2 dose and dose rate linearity, and angular response. And the dose uncertainty of the W2 correction factors was also investigated.Results:The standard deviation of the electrometer reading stability was between 0.03 and 0.47. The linear regression factors of W2 dose were all 1.0; the maximum deviation of the dose rates was 0.61%. The Cerenkov light radiation correction factor(CLR) for 6 and 10 MV were 0.741 and 0.746, respectively, and the CLR for 6, 9, 12 and 15 MeV were 0.750, 0.753, 0.757 and 0.757, respectively. The maximum deviation of dose uncertainty for 15 MeV was 3.15%.Conclusions:The signal obtained by the blue and green channel was no angular dependence, the same as the high-energy electron beam, which verified that the Cerenkov radiation correction factor has good linearity. W2 plastic scintillator can be applied to non-coplanar radiotherapy dosimetry.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the problems in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning, such as large labor cost and high dependence on the experience of physicists and great inconsistency in the quality of plan, and to discuss an unsupervised automatic treatment planning procedure of IMRT.Methods:The eclipse scripting application programming interface (ESAPI) within the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) 15.6 and optimization parameters tree search algorithm (OPTSA) were used to emulate and realize the whole planning process. Interacted with the TPS through ESAPI, relevant dosimetric parameters were input and output. The OPTSA evaluated the plan qualities based on dosimetric parameters of the targets and organs at risk (OARs) and iteratively adjusted the optimization objective parameters to achieve a progressively improving IMRT plan. In order to verify the effectiveness of the automatic planning, twenty historical rectum cancer cases were selected from the clinical database, and the dose distribution and specific dosimetric parameters were compared between the plans generated by the OPTSA and the manual plans under the same constraints.Results:All the auto plans have met clinical requirements. Furthermore, 90% and 10% of the auto plans were deemed as clinically improved and equally compared with the manual plans, respectively. The average CI for the PTV was 0.88 and 0.80 for the auto and manual plans respectively. Compared with the manual plans, the mean doses of all the OARs in the auto plans were reduced by 11% in average. The average elapsed time of automatic planning and manual planning was (28.15±3.61) and (36.7±4.6) min, respectively.Conclusions:The plans created by the proposed algorithm have been shown to be at least as good as the manual plans. In addition, this method can shorten the labor time in plan designing while ensuring the plan quality and consistency of the plan.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880165

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biological function of Cysteine rich (CysR) domain of a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats-13 (ADAMTS13) on cleavage of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and provide experimental evidence for exploring the pathogenesis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP).@*METHODS@#The six amino acids (EDGTLS) in ADAMTS13 CysR domain were point mutated one by one, and the mutant ADAMTS13 proteins were expressed and purified. The cleavage products of vWF polymer by wild-type or mutant ADAMTS13 under denaturing condition or shear stress were separated by 1% SeaKem HGT agarose gel and detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The mutant ADAMTS13 plasmids (M1: Glu515Ala; M2: Asp516Ala; M3: Gly517Ala; M4: Thr518Ala; M5: Leu519Ala; M6: Ser520Ala) were successfully constructed and the proteins of wild-type and mutant ADAMTS13 were purified. Wild-type ADAMTS13 almost completely cleaved the vWF polymer under denaturing condition, while the cleavage activity of M1 mutant was significantly reduced in the same condition (P<0.01). The cleavage activity of M1 mutant of ADAMTS13 was also significantly reduced compared with that of the wild-type under shear stress (P<0.01). The activity of M1 mutant to cleave the FRETS-vWF73 was dramatically reduced compared with that of wild-type ADAMTS13. However, the binding ability of M1 mutant to vWF was similar with that of wild-type ADAMTS13.@*CONCLUSION@#The CysR domain of ADAMTS13 plays an important role in the digestion of vWF under denaturing condition and shear stress. The Glu515 amino acid residue might be an important site for substrate recognition.


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins , ADAMTS13 Protein/genetics , Humans , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic/genetics , von Willebrand Factor/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879223

ABSTRACT

Coronary artery diseases (CAD) have always been serious threats to human health. The measurement, constitutive modeling, and analysis of mechanical properties of the blood vessel wall can provide a tool for disease diagnosis, stent implantation, and artificial artery design. The vessel wall has both active and passive mechanical properties. The passive mechanical properties are mainly determined by elastic and collagen fibers, and the active mechanical properties are determined by the contraction of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Substantial studies have shown that, the two-layer model of the vessel wall can feature the mechanical properties well, and the circumferential, axial and radial strain and stress are of great significance in arterial wall mechanics. This study reviewed recent investigations of mechanical properties of the vessel wall. Challenges and opportunities in this area are discussed relevant to the clinical treatment of coronary artery diseases.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Coronary Vessels , Humans , Models, Cardiovascular , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Stress, Mechanical
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2803-2807, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy is recognized as a promising anti-tumor strategy, but whether it plays a role in poor CD4 recovery among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected patients is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of allogeneic NK cells immunotherapy on HIV-1 immunological non-responders (INRs) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).@*METHODS@#From February to April 2018, a prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial, which enrolled 20 HIV-1 INRs following specific inclusion criteria, was conducted at Nankai University Second People's Hospital. Participants were randomly allocated (simple randomization 1:1) to either the combined treatment (NK + ART) group (n = 10) or the control (ART) group (n = 10). The allogenic highly activated NK cells from killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)/human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw mismatched healthy donor were prepared (10 cells in each injection) and intravenously infused to each recruited patient of NK+ART group in three courses. Key immune parameters (CD4 count, CD8 count, CD4/CD8 ratio), laboratory tests (count of blood cells, biochemistry panel) and symptoms at baseline and at month 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 were measured/collected to analyze the safety and efficacy of the therapy. Comparisons were between the seven time-points of both groups using repeated measurement analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) model was performed to evaluate the overall effect of the NK+ART group vs. the ART group.@*RESULTS@#From baseline to 24 months, we noted a mean CD4 count augmentation (139 to 243 cells/μL) in the NK + ART group and (144 to 176 cells/μL) in the ART group (difference, 67; 95% CI, 10 to 124; P = 0.024). Our estimations revealed that NK+ART group could improve CD4 level (β = 54.59, P = 0.006) and CD8 level (β = 322.47, P = 0.010) on average among the six measurements compared with the ART group. Only two (2/10, 20%) participants in the NK+ART group developed a transient mild fever after the first course.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This preliminary study informs that HIV-1 INRs, allogenic NK cells immunotherapy is safe and could significantly improve CD4 recovery but not CD4/CD8 ratio. The practical effects, however, need long-term follow-up observations. Further study on the potential underlying mechanism is warranted. REGISTRATION INFO:: www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=34912 (No. ChiCTR1900020634).


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , HIV Infections/therapy , HIV-1 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Prospective Studies , Viral Load
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2919-2927, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Albuvirtide is a once-weekly injectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 fusion inhibitor. We present interim data for a phase 3 trial assessing the safety and efficacy of albuvirtide plus lopinavir-ritonavir in HIV-1-infected adults already treated with antiretroviral drugs.@*METHODS@#We carried out a 48-week, randomized, controlled, open-label non-inferiority trial at 12 sites in China. Adults on the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended first-line treatment for >6 months with a plasma viral load >1000 copies/mL were enrolled and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive albuvirtide (once weekly) plus ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ABT group) or the WHO-recommended second-line treatment (NRTI group). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a plasma viral load below 50 copies/mL at 48 weeks. Non-inferiority was prespecified with a margin of 12%.@*RESULTS@#At the time of analysis, week 24 data were available for 83 and 92 patients, and week 48 data were available for 46 and 50 patients in the albuvirtide and NRTI groups, respectively. At 48 weeks, 80.4% of patients in the ABT group and 66.0% of those in the NRTI group had HIV-1 RNA levels below 50 copies/mL, meeting the criteria for non-inferiority. For the per-protocol population, the superiority of albuvirtide over NRTI was demonstrated. The frequency of grade 3 to 4 adverse events was similar in the two groups; the most common adverse events were diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infections, and grade 3 to 4 increases in triglyceride concentration. Renal function was significantly more impaired at 12 weeks in the patients of the NRTI group who received tenofovir disoproxil fumarate than in those of the ABT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TALENT study is the first phase 3 trial of an injectable long-acting HIV drug. This interim analysis indicates that once-weekly albuvirtide in combination with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir is well tolerated and non-inferior to the WHO-recommended second-line regimen in patients with first-line treatment failure.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02369965; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.Chinese Clinical Trial Registry No. ChiCTR-TRC-14004276; http://www.chictr.org.cn/enindex.aspx.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , China , Drug Therapy, Combination , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Maleimides , Peptides , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2928-2939, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Natural killer (NK) cells play a critical role in suppressing human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection, but knowledge on whether and how NK cells affect immune reconstitution in HIV-1-infected individuals who receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) is limited.@*METHODS@#We performed a case-control study with 35 healthy individuals and 66 HIV-1-infected patients including 32 immunological non-responders (INRs) with poor CD4+ T-cell recovery (500 cells/μL after 4 years of ART). NK cell phenotype, receptor repertoire, and early activation in INRs and IRs were investigated by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A significantly higher proportion of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was observed in INRs than IRs before ART and after 4 years of ART. The number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells was inversely correlated with CD4+ T-cell counts in INRs before ART (r = -0.344, P = 0.050). The more CD69-expressing NK cells there were, the lower the CD4+ T-cell counts and ΔCD4, and these correlations were observed in INRs after ART (r = -0.416, P = 0.019; r = -0.509, P = 0.003, respectively). Additionally, CD69-expressing CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells were more abundant in INRs than those in IRs (P  = 0.018) after ART, both of which had an inverse association trend towards significance with CD4+ T-cell counts. The expression of the activating receptors NKG2C, NKG2D, and NKp46 on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subsets were higher in IRs than that in INRs after 4 years of ART (all P < 0.01). Strong inverse correlations were observed between CD69 expression and NKG2C, NKG2A-NKG2C+, NKG2D, and NKp46 expression on CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs after ART (NKG2C: r = -0.491, P = 0.004; NKG2A-NKG2C+: r = -0.434, P = 0.013; NKG2D: r = -0.405, P = 0.021; NKp46: r = -0.457, P = 0.008, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#INRs had a larger number of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells characterized by higher activation levels than did IRs after ART. The increase in the CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cell subset may play an adverse role in immune reconstitution. Further functional studies of CD56dimCD16dim/- NK cells in INRs are urgently needed to inform targeted interventions to optimize immune recovery.


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural
10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2079-2082, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829175

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis can progress to liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease, which may lead to poor prognosis. In addition to pathological angiogenesis and hepatic sinusoid remodeling, hepatic lymphangiogenesis also plays an important role in the progression of liver fibrosis. This article briefly describes lymphatic vessel markers and their expression in the liver, introduces the role of lymphangiogenesis in liver fibrosis, and reviews the role of liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) and lymphatic endothelial cells in lymphangiogenesis. It is pointed out lymphangiogenesis may become a potential target for the intervention of liver fibrosis, which plays an important role in the early treatment and reversal of liver fibrosis and the prevention of liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease.

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 565-583, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828772

ABSTRACT

The anterior pituitary gland drives highly conserved physiologic processes in mammalian species. These hormonally controlled processes are central to somatic growth, pubertal transformation, fertility, lactation, and metabolism. Current cellular models of mammalian anteiror pituitary, largely built on candidate gene based immuno-histochemical and mRNA analyses, suggest that each of the seven hormones synthesized by the pituitary is produced by a specific and exclusive cell lineage. However, emerging evidence suggests more complex relationship between hormone specificity and cell plasticity. Here we have applied massively parallel single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), in conjunction with complementary imaging-based single-cell analyses of mRNAs and proteins, to systematically map both cell-type diversity and functional state heterogeneity in adult male and female mouse pituitaries at single-cell resolution and in the context of major physiologic demands. These quantitative single-cell analyses reveal sex-specific cell-type composition under normal pituitary homeostasis, identify an array of cells associated with complex complements of hormone-enrichment, and undercover non-hormone producing interstitial and supporting cell-types. Interestingly, we also identified a Pou1f1-expressing cell population that is characterized by a unique multi-hormone gene expression profile. In response to two well-defined physiologic stresses, dynamic shifts in cellular diversity and transcriptome profiles were observed for major hormone producing and the putative multi-hormone cells. These studies reveal unanticipated cellular complexity and plasticity in adult pituitary, and provide a rich resource for further validating and expanding our molecular understanding of pituitary gene expression programs and hormone production.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 565-583, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828608

ABSTRACT

The anterior pituitary gland drives highly conserved physiologic processes in mammalian species. These hormonally controlled processes are central to somatic growth, pubertal transformation, fertility, lactation, and metabolism. Current cellular models of mammalian anteiror pituitary, largely built on candidate gene based immuno-histochemical and mRNA analyses, suggest that each of the seven hormones synthesized by the pituitary is produced by a specific and exclusive cell lineage. However, emerging evidence suggests more complex relationship between hormone specificity and cell plasticity. Here we have applied massively parallel single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), in conjunction with complementary imaging-based single-cell analyses of mRNAs and proteins, to systematically map both cell-type diversity and functional state heterogeneity in adult male and female mouse pituitaries at single-cell resolution and in the context of major physiologic demands. These quantitative single-cell analyses reveal sex-specific cell-type composition under normal pituitary homeostasis, identify an array of cells associated with complex complements of hormone-enrichment, and undercover non-hormone producing interstitial and supporting cell-types. Interestingly, we also identified a Pou1f1-expressing cell population that is characterized by a unique multi-hormone gene expression profile. In response to two well-defined physiologic stresses, dynamic shifts in cellular diversity and transcriptome profiles were observed for major hormone producing and the putative multi-hormone cells. These studies reveal unanticipated cellular complexity and plasticity in adult pituitary, and provide a rich resource for further validating and expanding our molecular understanding of pituitary gene expression programs and hormone production.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828371

ABSTRACT

Shotgun based proteomics and peptidomics analysis were used to investigate the proteins and peptides in marine traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Sepiae Endoconcha(cuttlebone). Peptides were extracted from cuttlebone by acidified methanol, and then strong cation exchange(SCX) resin was used to enrich those peptides. Also, proteins from cuttlebone were extracted and digested by trypsin. nano-LC Q Exactive Orbitrap mass spectrometry was used to analyze proteins and peptides from cuttlebone. As a result, a total of 16 proteins and 168 peptides were identified by protein database search, and 328 peptides were identified by De novo sequencing. The identified proteins were hemocyanin, enolase, myosin, actin, calmodulin, etc., and the identified peptides were derived from actin, histone, and tubulin. All these proteins and peptides were important components in cuttlebone, which would provide important theoretical and research basis for marine TCM cuttlebone investigations.


Subject(s)
Cations , Databases, Protein , Mass Spectrometry , Peptides , Proteomics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828047

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of lime and licorice processing of Pinelliae Rhizoma on its toxic lectin protein and clarify the scientific detoxification connotation of lime and licorice processing of Pinelliae Rhizoma. Western blot was used to semi-quantitatively analyze the contents of lectin in Pinelliae Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum. Raw products and lectin were treated by soaking in licorice juice, lime solution or mixture solution of these two to investigate the different processing time on the content of toxic lectin protein. SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis was used to analyze the changes of lectin protein bands in the solution and precipitates before and after processing. MALDI-TOF technology was used to qualitatively analyze and compare the protein molecular weight before and after processing. The results showed that the contents of lectin in Pinelliae Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum were 5.01% and 0.04% respectively, indicating that processing could significantly reduce the content of active lectin in raw products. The results also showed that the content of lectin in raw drugs decreased significantly after soaking in lime solution for one day or in licorice juice for three day, and the effect was greatest in mixture solution. Qualitative analysis showed that after being treated by soaking in lime solution, the lectin protein was decomposed into small peptide segments, while after being treated by soaking in licorice juice, the lectin protein was denatured and precipitated. The structure of lectin protein in Pinelliae Rhizoma was broken after being processed with licorice juice and lime solution, which significantly reduced the content of toxic lectinprotein. This is one of the detoxification mechanisms of Pinelliae Rhizoma processing.


Subject(s)
Calcium Compounds , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Lectins , Oxides , Pinellia , Technology, Pharmaceutical
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate an intelligent voice call system in popularizing knowledge of prevention and control of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) for chronic disease patients in the community.Methods:An intelligent voice call system for popularization of scientific knowledge of COVID-19 and protective measures was developed in Fangzhuang Community Health Service Center of Beijing Fengtai district, in which 12 popular education modules ware designed and 3-6 core points were extracted from each module. During January 23 to January 29, 2020, the system was applied to send voice calls and text messages to all contracted chronic disease patients in Fangzhuang community with popular science education in different time points. Using equidistant sampling method, 400 participants were selected from the patients of successful voice outbound calls. The intelligent voice outbound system was used to investigate the participants′ COVID-19 knowledge levels, the main sources of knowledge and satisfaction with education. The outbound results of the above indicators were queried from the database of the intelligent voice outbound system.Results:A total of 98 487 voice outbound calls were effectively connected, the average call duration per person was 2.24 minutes, and the total call duration was equivalent to 488.5 workdays. A total of 141 201 messages were sent, with a read rate of 97.8% (141 201/144 405) . After the voice outbound education, the participants′ scores in answering the questionnaire on 12 popular science knowledge modules ware all significantly increased compared to those before the education ( t=22.4, 27.5, 24.3, 31.2, 25.6, 18.9, 22.5, 27.3, 28.1, 26.4, 15.2, 22.6, all P<0.01) ; 94.8% (235/248) of participants′ knowledge of COVID-19 mainly came from voice call. In addition, the patient′s overall satisfaction with the application of the intelligent voice call system for popularizing science education was 90.8% (225/248). Conclusions:The knowledge levels of COVID-19 and its prevention and control measures effectively have been improved among the community chronic disease patients with the application of an intelligent voice outbound system. Moreover, this mode is highly acceptable to patients, which would be introduced to other urban communities in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870661

ABSTRACT

During the prevention and control of new coronavirus pneumonia, Fangzhuang community health service center gave full play the advantages of internet technology, developed and implemented the Intelligent Family Doctors Optimized Coordination Model for epidemic prevention in the community. An epidemic prevention and control team was established in the center, the team carried out the epidemic prevention and control with the opening of health records and by using "doctors around" APP. The center also opened the intelligent voice return visits, the 24-hour service hotline, and WeChat public column to provide consultation for the community residents; it also strentherned pre-check triage, realized the medical insurance sharing and the other measures. All these measures enabled the residents to have a correct understanding of the epidemic situation, eased their psychological panic, enhanced their sense of gain, and made residents more convenient to seek medical treatment nearby reducing interpersonal contact and aggregation, reduced the risk of cross-infection, and achieved accurate health management among community residents during COVID-19 epidemic.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870645

ABSTRACT

The community is the first line of endemic prevention and control. Facing the challenge of epidemic outbreak, Fangzhuang Community Health Service Center applied the intelligent family doctor model to carry out joint community prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. The intelligent family doctor model is a people-centered, information-based approach, which integrates community resources to carry out health education, counseling and public opinion guidance. With this model the community health service center can effectively screen and follow up the key groups to strengthen the joint prevention and control of COVID-19; at the same time it also can manage the chronic disease and the elderly care. This article introduces the intelligent family doctor model, and analyzes its advantages and existing problems, to provide references for community epidemic prevention and control.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of sedation management based on visual analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) on postoperative delirium in patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Methods:Eighty patients, aged ≥ 18 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅲ or Ⅳ, with New York Heart Association Ⅱ-Ⅳ, scheduled for elective cardiac valve replacement with CPB, were randomly divided into visual analysis of EEG-guided sedation management group (group A, n=40) and BIS-guided sedation management group (group B, n=40). The target plasma concentration of propofol was adjusted to maintain the depth of anaesthesia at grade C or grade D in group A and BIS value at 40-60 in group B. Propofol consumption during CPB and total consumption of propofol during surgery, requirement for vasoactive agents during surgery, and parameters of intraoperative arterial blood gas analysis were recorded.Postoperative delirium was evaluated using Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at 1-7 days after surgery.Extubation time, length of ICU stay, length of postoperative hospital stay and intraoperative awareness were also recorded. Results:Compared with group B, the length of postoperative hospital stay was significantly shortened, the incidence of postoperative delirium was decreased, and no significant change was found in the parameters of arterial blood gas analysis, propofol consumption, requirement for vasoactive agents, extubation time, or length of postoperative ICU stay in group A ( P<0.05). No intraoperative awareness occurred in both groups. Conclusion:Sedation management based on visual analysis of EEG is helpful in decreasing the development of postoperative delirium in the patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement with CPB.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1135-1143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869072

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the technique of minimally invasive separation surgery with small incision and free hand screw placement in patients with spinal metastases.Methods:Retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 49 consecutive patients from May 2019 to December 2019 who underwent minimally invasive separation surgery with small incision and free hand screw placement for metastatic spinal tumors. Among them, there were 21 males with an average age of 55.62±2.97 years (range: 26-75 years) and 28 females with an average age of 52.50±1.76 years (range: 34-72 years). For patients who have primary tumor history with multiple metastases, routine pre-operative biopsy is not required; but for patients whose primary tumor is unknown and who have no history of tumor, pre-operative biopsy diagnosis is required. Before operation, Karnofsky Performance status (KPS) scoring system was used to evaluate the general condition of patients, Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score (SINS) scoring system was used to evaluate the spine stability, epidural spinal cord compression (ESCC) grading system was performed to access the degree of spinal cord nerve compression, and Frankel grading system was used to evaluate the neurological function. For patients who meet inclusion and exclusion criteria ware performed for decompression and internal fixation by a minimally invasive separation surgery with small incision and free hand screw placement. The demographic, neurological function, complications and perioperative data were collected and analyzed, including pre-operation neurological function, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative suction drainage, drainage tube extraction time, complications rates, hospital stay, and assessment of neurological recovery at 4 weeks after surgery.Results:Preoperative coil embolization was performed in 1 patient with kidney cancer. The mean intraoperative blood loss was 748.60±79.39 ml. Comparison of intraoperative blood loss of 12 rich blood supply (liver cancer, kidney cancer, thyroid cancer) and 37 poor blood supply spine metastases (970.80 ml vs 676.50 ml) was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The average operation time was 213.40±9.87 min. The operation involved 1 segment was performed in 41 patients (83.67%) and 8 patients had separation of 2 or more segments. The post-operative drainage before discharge was 494.02±63.30 ml. The average drainage tube retention time was 4.50±0.26 d and the average length of hospital stay was 7.35±0.38 d. The post-operative hospitalization was 5.31±0.29 d. 79.59% of patients had the neurological functions of Frankel grade C and D before surgery and 95.92% of patients exhibited stable and improved function at 4 weeks after surgery which was significantly improved comparing with that before surgery ( P<0.05). The complications occurred were dural rupture (1 case), infection (1 case) and hematoma (1 case). Comparison:The minimally invasive separation surgery with small incision and free hand screw placement could achieve less trauma, low complications rate, rapid postoperative recovery. It is also comparable to the traditional open separation surgery in terms of spinal stability and improvement of neurological functions. It is an excellent alternative for patient with spinal metastases.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 302-309, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous screw fixation for acetabular anterior column fracture with laser-assisted axial fluoroscopy.Methods:Data of 20 patients (22 sided) with acetabular anterior column fracture treated by percutaneous screw fixation with laser-assisted axial fluoroscopy from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 11 males and 9 females with an average of 42.1±3.2 years (range, 24-68 years). There were 7 cases of unilateral acetabular anterior column fracture, 2 cases of bilateral acetabular anterior column fracture (4 sides), 7 cases of anterior column with ipsilateral sacral fracture, and 4 cases of anterior column with sacroiliac joint injury. There were 3 hips of Area I, 6 Area II, 13 Area III of acetabular anterior column fractures according to Nakatani partition. The time from injury to surgery was 5 days (range, 3-11 days). All patients with acetabular anterior column fractures were fixed by percutaneous screw fixation with laser-assisted axial fluoroscopy, and patients with sacral fracture or sacroiliac joint injury were fixed by percutaneous sacroiliac screws with Starr frame-assisted reduction. The time of operation, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopy and the amount of intraoperative bleeding were recorded. Matta scoring criteria were used to assess fracture reduction quality, and hip function was assessed at the last follow-up according to the modified Merle D' Aubigné and Postel scoring system.Results:The average operative time was 22±10 min (range, 20-40 min) with an average times of intraoperative fluoroscopy of 30±8 times (range, 21-45 times), and the amount of intraoperative blood loss was 20±5 ml (range, 10-40 ml). 20 patients were followed up after operation for a period of 14±3.1 months (range, 12-18 months). The quality of postoperative fracture reduction was assessed according to the Matta acetabular fracture reduction criteria: anatomical reduction in 18 hips, satisfactory reduction in 2 hips, unsatisfactory reduction in 2 hips, with an excellent and good rate of 91% (20/22). The fracture healing time was 13±2.2 weeks (range, 11-16 weeks). At the lastest follow-up, hip function was assessed according to the modified Merle D' Aubigné and Postel scoring system: excellent 18, good 3, fair 1, and the satisfactory rate was 95%(21/22). No major neurological, vascular injury, wound infection and ectopic ossification were found during follow-up.Conclusion:Using laser-assisted axial fluoroscopy percutaneous screw to treat acetabular anterior column fracture, the operation is simple. And there is low risk to damage important blood vessels and nerves. This method can shorten the operation time of acetabular anterior column fracture, reduce the amount of blood loss during the operation, and the outcome is satisfactory.

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