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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 13-18, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006418

ABSTRACT

Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare liver vascular disease and can be classified into hepatic vein occlusion type, inferior vena cava occlusion type, and mixed type according to the location of hepatic outflow tract obstruction. This article reviews the hepatic vein occlusion type from the aspects of epidemiology, subtypes, clinical diagnosis, and treatment strategies.

2.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 140-148, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 21 (rhFGF21) on the proliferation and mineralization of cementoblasts and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Hematoxylin eosin, immunohistochemical staining, and immunofluorescence were used to detect the expression and distribution of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) in rat periodontal tissues and cementoblasts (OCCM-30), separately. Cell Counting Kit-8 was used to detect the proliferation of OCCM-30 under treatment with rhFGF21. Alkaline phosphatase staining and Alizarin Red staining were used to detect the mineralization state of OCCM-30 after 3 and 7 days of mineralization induction. The transcription and protein expression of the osteogenic-related genes Runx2 and Osterix were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot analysis. The expression levels of genes of transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway in OCCM-30 were detected through PCR array analysis.@*RESULTS@#FGF21 was expressed in rat periodontal tissues and OCCM-30. Although rhFGF21 had no significant effect on the proliferation of OCCM-30, treatment with 50 ng/mL rhFGF21 could promote the mineralization of OCCM-30 cells after 7 days of mineralization induction. The transcriptional levels of Runx2 and Osterix increased significantly at 3 days of mineralization induction and decreased at 5 days of mineralization induction. Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression levels of Runx2 and Osterix increased during mineralization induction. rhFGF21 up-regulated Bmpr1b protein expression in cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#rhFGF21 can promote the mineralization ability of OCCM-30. This effect is related to the activation of the TGFβ/BMP signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Animals , Dental Cementum , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology
3.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 80-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986783

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to review the research on the influence and mechanism of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) on anxiety both at home and abroad in recent years. IU refers to the individual's disgust response due to the intolerance of perceived lack of prominent, critical or sufficient information, and it has individual tendency. IU plays an important role in the occurrence and development of anxiety, but the specific process and mechanism remain unclear. This paper reviews the influence of IU on anxiety, and clarifies its mechanism of action on the generation and development of anxiety from the perspectives of cognition, emotion and behavior, so as to provide references for preventing the development of general anxiety into anxiety disorders and developing new psychological intervention and treatment strategies.

4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 353-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986012

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the late reporting and the under-reporting of occupational disease from 2018 to 2020 in China and analyze the causes, so as to provide scientific evidence for improving the quality of occupational disease reports in China, timely acquiring the incidence of occupational disease, and assessing the occupational hazards. Methods: From May to December 2021, A total of 320 occupational disease diagnostic institutions were selected for investigation. The original documents of occupational disease diagnosis cases from 2018 to 2020 were compared with the online reported cases, and late reported and under-reported cases of occupational disease were analyzed. Results: A total of 32207 diagnosed cases from 2018 to 2020 were investigated, including 28934 confirmed cases and 3273 cases without occupational disease. The overall late reported rate and under-reported rate of confirmed cases were 20.2% and 2.1%, respectively. There were significant differences in the rate of late reporting and under-reporting of occupational diseases in different regions and different types of diagnostic institutions (P<0.001). The southwest region had the highest rates of late reporting and under-reporting, 61.6% and 7.9% respectively. The late reported rate of all kinds of occupational diseases was about 15.0%, and the under-reported rate was from 1.5.0% to 5.0%. Conclusion: At present, the phenomenon of late reporting and under-reporting occupational diseases is still obvious. It is necessary to strengthen the inspection of occupational disease reporting, improve the quality of occupational disease reporting, and provide scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention and control policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Diseases/diagnosis , China/epidemiology , Incidence
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 104-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene polymorphisms of patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province.@*METHODS@#A total of 125 patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan, Fujian province, admitted to Longyan First Hospital from May 2017 to November 2020 were selected. Peripheral venous blood was collected from all the patients, and the genotypes of perforin 1 (PRF1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene loci were detected by PCR-fluorescence probe method, and the correlation between PRF1 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms and lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The mutation frequencies of PRF1 gene loci rs885821 (C>T), rs885822 (C>T), rs1889490 (G>A) in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome were 10.40%, 78.8% and 64.4%, respectively. The mutation frequencies of rs1800872 (A>C), rs1800871 (C>T) and rs1800896 (G>A) of IL-10 loci were 56.0%, 45.2% and 77.6%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#PRF1 and IL-10 gene loci were polymorphic in patients with lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in Longyan area, Fujian province. Alleles C and G of PRF1 and IL-10 were risk factors, and alleles T and A were protective factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genotype , Interleukin-10/genetics , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/genetics , Lymphoma/genetics , Perforin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 48-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effects of percutaneous endoscopic surgery through two different approaches for stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four patients with stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent percutaneous endoscopic procedures between January 2016 and December 2019 were divided into transforaminal approach group and interlaminar approach group according to surgical approaches, 32 patients in each group. There were 16 males and 16 females in transforaminal approach group, aged from 52 to 84 years old with an average of (66.03±9.60) years, L2 slippage in 4 cases, L3 slippage in 5, and L4 slippage in 23. There were 17 males and 15 females in interlaminar approach group, aged from 46 to 81 years old with an average of (61.38±9.88) years, L3 slippage in 3 cases, L4 slippage in 15, and L5 slippage in 14. Operative time, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative bedtime were compared between two groups. Anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage were measured on preoperative and postoperative 12-month dynamic radiographs. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of low back pain and lower extremity pain, and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score before and after surgery were observed, and clinical effects were evaluated according to the modified MACNAB criteria.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, and patients in both groups were followed up for more than 1 year, and without complications during follow-up period. ①There was no significant difference in operation time between two groups(P>0.05). Intraoperative fluoroscopy times were longer in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group(P<0.05). Postoperative bedtime was shorter in transforaminal approach group than that in intervertebral approach group (P<0.05).② No lumbar instability was found on dynamic radiography at 12 months postoperatively in both groups. There were no significant differences in anteroposterior displacement values, interbody opening angles, and the percentage of slippage between two groups postoperative 12 months and preoperative 1 day(P>0.05). ③There was no significant difference between two groups in VAS of low back pain at 3 days and 1, 12 months after the operation compared with the preoperative(P>0.05), but the VAS of the lower extremity pain was significantly improved compared with the preoperative(P<0.05). Both of groups showed significant improvement in JOA score at 12 months compared with preoperatively(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of low back pain, lower extremity pain and JOA scores between two groups during the same period after surgery(P>0.05). According to modified Macnab criteria, excellent, good, fair and poor outcomes were 21, 7, 3 and 1 in transforaminal approach group respectively, and which in intervertebral approach group were 20, 7, 5 and 0, there was no significant difference in clinical effect between the groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Intervertebral approach may reduce intraoperative fluoroscopy times and transforaminal approach can shorten postoperative bedtime, both approaches achieve satisfactory results in the treatment of stable degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with no progression of short-term slippage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Low Back Pain/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Retrospective Studies
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 951-957, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970566

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of immersion in the excipient lime water on the toxic component lectin protein and explained the scientific connotation of lime water detoxication during the processing of Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum. Western blot was used to investigate the effects of immersion in lime water with different pH(pH 10, 11, and 12.4), saturated sodium hydroxide, and sodium bicarbonate solution on the content of lectin protein. The protein compositions of the supernatant and the precipitate after immersing lectin protein in lime water of different pH were determined by the SDS-PAGE method combined with the silver staining technique. The MALDI-TOF-MS/MS technique was used to detect the molecular weight distribution of peptide fragments in the supernatant and precipitate after immersing lectin protein in lime water of different pH, and circular dichroism spectroscopy was used to detect the ratio changes in the secondary structure of lectin protein during the immersion. The results showed that immersion in lime water at pH>12 and saturated sodium hydroxide solution could significantly reduce the content of lectin protein, while immersion in lime water at pH<12 and sodium bicarbonate solution had no significant effect on lectin protein content. The corresponding lectin protein bands and molecular ion peaks were not detected at the 12 kDa position in the supernatant and precipitate after immersing the lectin protein in lime water at pH>12, which was attributed to the fact that lime water immersion at pH>12 could significantly change the ratio of the secondary structure of lectin protein, resulting in irreversible denaturation, while lime water immersion at pH<12 did not change the ratio of the secondary structure of lectin protein. Therefore, pH>12 was the key condition for the detoxication of lime water during the processing of Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum. Lime water immersion at pH>12 could cause irreversible denaturation of lectin protein, resulting in a significant decrease in the inflammatory toxicity of Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum, which played a key role in detoxification.


Subject(s)
Lectins , Pinellia , Sodium Bicarbonate , Sodium Hydroxide , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Water
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970182

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the short-term curative effect with minimally invasive right infra-axillary thoracotomy for transaortic modified Morrow procedure. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure from August 2021 to August 2022 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 29 females, with the age (M (IQR)) of 54.0(22.3) years (range: 15 to 71 years). The echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of moderate mitral regurgitation in 30 patients, and severe mitral regurgitation in 13 patients. Systolic anterior motion (SAM) was present preoperatively in 54 patients. All 60 patients underwent transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary thoracotomy using femorofemoral cardiopulmonary bypass. Surgical procedures mainly included transverse aortic incision, exposure of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), septal myectomy, and correction of the abnormal mitral valve and subvalvular structures. Results: All 60 patients underwent the programmatic procedures successfully without conversion to full sternotomy. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (142.0±32.1) minutes (range: 89 to 240 minutes), while the cross-clamp time was (95.0±23.5) minutes (range: 50 to 162 minutes). The patients had a postoperative peak LVOT gradient of 7.0 (5.0) mmHg (range: 0 to 38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). A total of 57 patients were extubated on the operating table. The drainage volume in the first 24 h was (175.9±57.0) ml (range: 60 to 327 ml). The length of intensive care unit stay was 21.0 (5.8)h (range: 8 to 120 h) and postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5) days (range: 5 to 19 days). The postoperative septal thickness was 11 (2) mm (range: 8 to 14 mm). All patients had no iatrogenic ventricular septal perforation or postoperative residual SAM. The patients were followed up for 4 (9) months (range: 1 to 15 months), and none of them needed cardiac surgery again due to valve dysfunction or increased peak LVOT gradient during follow-up. Conclusion: Using a video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary minithoracotomy can provide good visualization of the LVOT and hypertrophic ventricular septum, ensure optimal exposure of the mitral valve in the presence of complex mitral subvalvular structures, so that allows satisfactory short-term surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 150-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long-term remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been proven to be beneficial in multiple diseases, such as cerebral and cardiovascular diseases. However, the hyperacute and acute effects of a single RIC stimulus are still not clear. Quantitative proteomic analyses of plasma proteins following RIC application have been conducted in preclinical and clinical studies but exhibit high heterogeneity in results due to wide variations in experimental setups and sampling procedures. Hence, this study aimed to explore the immediate effects of RIC on plasma proteome in healthy young adults to exclude confounding factors of disease entity, such as medications and gender.@*METHODS@#Young healthy male participants were enrolled after a systematic physical examination and 6-month lifestyle observation. Individual RIC sessions included five cycles of alternative ischemia and reperfusion, each lasting for 5 min in bilateral forearms. Blood samples were collected at baseline, 5 min after RIC, and 2 h after RIC, and then samples were processed for proteomic analysis using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method.@*RESULTS@#Proteins related to lipid metabolism (e.g., Apolipoprotein F), coagulation factors (hepatocyte growth factor activator preproprotein), members of complement cascades (mannan-binding lectin serine protease 1 isoform 2 precursor), and inflammatory responses (carboxypeptidase N catalytic chain precursor) were differentially altered at their serum levels following the RIC intervention. The most enriched pathways were protein glycosylation and complement/coagulation cascades.@*CONCLUSIONS@#One-time RIC stimulus may induce instant cellular responses like anti-inflammation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis balancing, and lipid metabolism regulation which are protective in different perspectives. Protective effects of single RIC in hyperacute and acute phases may be exploited in clinical emergency settings due to apparently beneficial alterations in plasma proteome profile. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of long-term (repeated) RIC interventions in preventing chronic cardiovascular diseases among general populations can also be expected based on our study findings.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Male , Proteome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Proteomics , Ischemia , Blood Coagulation
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 911-915, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982150

ABSTRACT

Effective haemostatic materials can quickly control bleeding and achieve the purpose of saving patients' lives. In recent years, chitosan-based haemostatic materials have shown good haemostatic effects, but their application is limited because chitosan is almost insoluble in water. Carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials can promote hemostasis by activating red blood cells and aggregating platelets. In addition, carboxymethyl chitosan can bind with Ca2+ to activate platelets and coagulation factors, and start endogenous coagulation pathways, which can adsorb fibrinogen in plasma to promote haemostasis. In this paper, the latest research progress of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials and their haemostatic mechanism were reviewed, in order to further strengthen the understanding of the haemostatic mechanism of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials, and provide new idea for the research and clinical application of carboxymethyl chitosan-based haemostatic materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemostatics , Chitosan/pharmacology , Hemostasis , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Hemorrhage
11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 310-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992022

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the volume management of intermittent veno-venous hemofiltration (IVVH) guided by critical care ultrasound in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with heart failure (HF).Methods:A total of 216 patients with HF and AKI treated with IVVH in the coronary care unit (CCU) of the Third Central Hospital of Tianjin from April 2019 to June 2022 were selected as the study subjects, the patients were randomly divided into conventional guidance group (107 cases) and ultrasound guidance group (109 cases). According to the recovery of renal function, IVVH was performed 12 hours every day or 12 hours every other day. The conventional guidance group selected the conventional method to formulate IVVH prescription, and the ultrasound guidance group used critical care ultrasound to adjust the treatment parameters of IVVH on the basis of the conventional guidance group. Respiratory variation index (RVI) of inferior vena cava (IVC), right left ventricular end-diastolic transverse area ratio, early diastolic peak mitral flow velocity/mitral annulus velocity peak (E/E'), aortic flow velocity time integral (VTI), cardiac output (CO), bilateral lung ultrasound B-line range, bilateral renal interlobar arteries resistance index (RI) were recorded before and 3, 6, 9 hours after each treatment. The net dehydration rate was adjusted in real time according to the comprehensive results. Urine volume, serum creatinine (SCr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), blood B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) and cystatin C (Cys C) levels of patients in both groups were monitored before and 3, 7 and 10 days after initial treatment, and renal function recovery and clinical prognostic indexes of patients in both groups were recorded. Results:The dehydration rate of the ultrasound guidance group was slow at the beginning of IVVH, and gradually increased after 6 hours, and the overall dehydration rate was significantly slower than that of the conventional guidance group. In the ultrasound guidance group using critical care ultrasound, the RVI gradually increased, the right left ventricular end-diastolic area ratio gradually decreased, the E/E' ratio gradually decreased, and the range of B-line of bilateral lungs gradually decreased, RI of bilateral renal interlobar arteries decreased. At 3, 7 and 10 days after the first IVVH, renal function related indexes in both groups were significantly improved compared with before treatment, and the decline rate of β 2-MG and Cys C in the ultrasound guidance group was faster than that in the conventional guidance group at early (3 days) [β 2-MG (mg/L): 3.69±1.31 vs. 3.99±1.45, Cys C (mg/L): 2.91±0.95 vs. 3.14±0.96, both P < 0.05], urine volume, SCr and eGFR at 7 days were also significantly improved compared with the conventional guidance group [24-hour urine volume (mL): 1 128.23±153.92 vs. 1 015.01±114.18, SCr (μmol/L): 145.86±32.25 vs. 155.64±28.42, eGFR (mL/min): 50.26±11.24 vs. 46.51±10.61, all P < 0.05]. The time of SCr recovery, the time of reaching polyuria, the total time of IVVH treatment, the time of non-invasive mechanical ventilation and the time of living in CCU in the ultrasound guidance group were shorter than those in the conventional guidance group. The incidences of hypotension, long-term RRT, incidence of major cardiovascular adverse event (MACE) and at 28-day mortality were all lower than those in the conventional guidance group. Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the 28-day cumulative survival rate in the ultrasound guidance group was significantly lower than that in the conventional guidance group (Log-Rank test: χ 2 = 3.903, P = 0.048). Conclusion:The strategy of IVVH guided by critical care ultrasound in the treatment of HF with AKI has unique advantages.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 869-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and effect of scenario simulation teaching in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) course for emergency training of "5+3" professional master.Methods:A randomized controlled trial was conducted among 48 "5+3" professional masters who would rotate in the emergency department, to compare the test results of the total and three scenes between scenario simulation teaching group ( n=24) and traditional teaching group ( n=24). The STEMI teaching was carried out through simulating the emergency room, standardized patients and first-aid simulators in the simulation teaching group, and the traditional teaching group was taught by conventional classroom teaching. After the class, "Theoretical Examination" and "Questionnaire Survey" were used to evaluate the teaching effect. The former was further divided into "first diagnosis and differential diagnosis of chest pain", "fast identification and processing of STEMI" and "rescue of cardiac arrest" for inter-group and intra-group evaluation. SPSS 20.0 was used to conduct t-test. Results:In the theoretical examination, the scenario simulation teaching group was superior to the traditional teaching group in the test of emergency processing for STEMI course [(82.38±2.41) vs . (68.00±1.95), t=4.64, P<0.001]. In the sub-analysis of scenario simulation teaching group, students in the role-play group had significantly higher scores than others in the non-role-play group [(90.50±3.04) vs . (79.67±2.79), t=2.09, P=0.049]. Scenario simulation teaching group was also superior to traditional teaching group in the "Questionnaire Survey". Conclusion:In the training and teaching of STEMI emergency processing, scenario simulation teaching group proves to be superior to traditional teaching, which deserves further promotion.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 716-719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991396

ABSTRACT

This study summarizes the construction background, rules and regulations and institutional settings of the MOOC and Micro-course Club in the Second Hospital of Jilin University, discusses the means of teacher training for clinical teachers, and shows the application effect of the club. At the same time, the related problems encountered in the process of club construction are summarized and reflected. The construction of MOOC and micro-course clubs is conducive to improving the information-based teaching level of clinical teachers, and also provides new inspiration and ideas for the construction of medical clubs.

14.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2086-2089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997266

ABSTRACT

During the carcinoma transformation of colitis, the imbalance of “metabolic-immune interaction” resulted from abnormal energy and metabolic substrates flow and direction was the key process, which caused by intercellular metabolic competition. Based on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and clinical research, we found that “fire failing to warm earth” is the key pathogenesis of colon-cancer transformation. “Fire” was a synonym for TCM to understand the energy metabolism, combined modern medical research findings, we thought energy metabolism disorders was a microcosmic manifestation of the “fire decline”, while abnormal immune function was the biological basis of “earth deficiency”. The imbalance between “metabolism-immune interaction” and the “fire failing to warm earth” pathogenesis of colitis-cancer transformation demonstrated the different understanding of the same pathological mechanism between western medicine and TCM. For treatment, it could be effectivce to delay the transformation of colitis-cancer by synergistically regulated the energy metabolism - “replenish fire” and enhanced the immune function - “nourish earth”, which was called the methods of replenishing fire to nourish earth.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 467-473, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between vaccination doses and the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests in Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during omicron epidemic.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 26 to December 31, 2022 among COVID-19 patients from all community health service centers in 16 districts of Beijing municipality selected by multi-stage stratified cluster quota sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect the basic information, vaccination doses, results of nucleic acid or antigen tests of all subjects. The subjects were divided into 5 groups according to the doses of COVID-19 vaccination: the non-vaccination group, the 1, 2, 3 and 4 doses vaccination group. The relationship between vaccination doses and the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests was analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression models.Results:A total of 10 506 COVID-19 cases were included in the study with the age of (43.3±13.7) years. The duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests was longer than 7 days in 59.4%(276/465), 51.5%(67/130), 50.6%(355/701), 46.1% (3 464/7 520) and 39.2%(662/1 690) of non-vaccination, and 1, 2, 3, 4 dose vaccination groups, respectively ( P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with non-vaccination patients, the vaccination dose was an independent protective factor for duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests>7 days, and the OR values were 0.7 (95% CI 0.5-0.9, P=0.015), 0.6 (95% CI 0.5-0.8, P<0.001) and 0.5 (95% CI 0.4-0.6, P<0.001) for 2, 3 and 4 doses of vaccination, respectively. Conclusion:The vaccination doses are independently related to the duration of positive nucleic acid or antigen tests in COVID-19 patients and the risk is gradually decreases with the increasing vaccination doses.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 605-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in treating great saphenous vein(GSV) incompetence.Methods:60 patients (60 limbs) with GSV incompetence were randomly divided into NBCA glue group (30 cases) and radiofrequency ablation(RFA) group in 30 cases. The clinical outcomes, venous clinical severity score(VCSS), and quality of life using the Aberdeen varicose vein questionnaire(AVVQ) were evaluated. The primary endpoint is the occlusion rate of GSV at 3 months after surgery.Results:For the two groups, the occlusion rate of GSV was 100% immediately after surgery and at 3 months follow-up. AVVQ and VCSS were improved in the two groups( P<0.05). In terms of complications, the NBCA group had scleroma in 3 cases, pain and skin redness in 1 case respectively, but no ecchymosis and numbness. In the RFA group, numbness occurred in 1 case, skin redness in 2 cases, scleroma in 3 cases, ecchymosis and pain in 4 cases respectively. The incidence of ecchymosis and total complications in the NBCA group was significantly lower than that in the RFA group( P<0.05). No DVT or other adverse event occurred in both groups. Conclusion:NBCA and RFA have the same short-term closure rate. Furthermore, the NBCA treatment requires less equipment, no use of tumescent anesthetic, and has lower incidence in terms of complications than that of RFA.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 253-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976252

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo monitor the microbes in urban drinking water in Jiangxi from 2016 to 2020, to analyze the change in microbial qualification rate, and to provide a scientific basis for government decision-making. MethodsAccording to the Standard Examination Method for Drinking Water (GB/T 5750‒2006) and the Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749‒2006), the water samples were collected, tested and evaluated for hygienic safety. The chi-square test was used to compare the qualification rates among different water periods, water source types, water supply modes, water samples, treatment processes, and disinfection methods. ResultsA total of 10 584 water samples were collected and examined from 2016 to 2020,with a qualification rate of 97.72%. The qualified rate of the microbiological index increased gradually over the years. There was no statistically significant difference in the microbiological qualification rate of water samples monitored in different water periods (χ2=0.718,P=0.398), and the qualification rates were 97.85% and 97.60% in dry and abundant water periods respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the qualification rates of water samples monitored in different water source types (χ2=79.560,P=0.398), with groundwater having a higher qualification rate of 98.83% than surface water (97.70%). The microbiological pass rate of water samples differed among different water supply methods (χ2=201.836,P<0.001). The microbiological pass rates of municipal centralized water supply, self-built centralized water supply and secondary water supply were 97.51%, 88.94% and 96.56% respectively. The microbiological pass rates of water samples differed among different treatment processes. There were differences in the qualification rates of the water samples between different treatment processes(χ2=855.034,P<0.001), with 98.22%, 67.19%, 95.60% and 53.13% of the conventionally treated, precipitated filtered, disinfected only and untreated water samples, respectively. The differences in the microbiological qualification rates of the monitored water samples between different disinfection methods were statistically significant (χ2=904.993,P<0.001). Chlorination disinfection, chlorine dioxide disinfection, other disinfection methods and non-disinfected water samples had the pass rates of 98.35%, 98.19%, 84.38% and 60.16%, respectively. ConclusionThe qualified rate of the microbiological index of drinking water in Jiangxi increases year by year, but there are still some drinking water without appropriate disinfectants and water quality treatment processes. There is still a need to strengthen the purification, disinfection and monitoring of drinking water.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 123-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975164

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo obtain high-quality chloroplast genome information on Stemona tuberosa and clarify its structure, sequence features, and phylogenetic status. MethodThe Illumina NovaSeq 6000 and PacBio RS Ⅱ platforms were used for library construction and sequencing of S. tuberosa, respectively. The data from both sequencing platforms were combined and subjected to bioinformatics analysis for genome assembly and base correction, resulting in a high-quality chloroplast genome. Subsequently, sequence features, repetitive sequences, gene diversity, and phylogeny were analyzed. ResultThe chloroplast genome size of S. tuberosa was determined to be 154 379 bp. The structure of the chloroplast genome followed the typical quadripartite circular form, consisting of a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRs) with a length of 27 074 bp, a small single-copy region (SSC) of 17 924 bp, and a large single-copy region (LSC) of 82 307 bp. The average GC content was 37.86%. A total of 121 genes were annotated, including 30 tRNA genes, four rRNA genes, and 87 protein-coding genes. Among them, six tRNA genes and 12 protein-coding genes contained introns. In the chloroplast genome of S. tuberosa, 49 long repetitive sequences and 59 single-nucleotide simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified. Comparative analysis of chloroplast genomes among four Stemona species revealed high diversity in the ycf1 and ndhF genes. The phylogenetic tree constructed based on the chloroplast genome showed consistent classification with the current taxonomic status of S. tuberosa. ConclusionThe high-quality chloroplast genome of S. tuberosa was successfully assembled, providing valuable information on the structure and sequence features of chloroplast genomes in four Stemona species, including S. tuberosa. These findings lay a foundation for the identification, evolution, and phylogenetic studies of medicinal plants in the genus Stemona.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 974-977, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of ropivacaine combined with alfentanil for postoperative analgesia in patients who underwent knee arthroscopic surgery. METHODS A total of 60 patients who underwent knee arthroscopic surgery were collected from the Central Hospital of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from March to September in 2022, and then divided into trial group and control group with random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. The control group received intra-articular injection of 0.25% ropivacaine 50 mg, and the trial group received intra-articular injection of 0.25% ropivacaine 50 mg+alfentanil 0.15 μg/kg.The first postoperative remedial analgesia time, the total amount of postoperative remedial drugs, numerical rating scale at rest (NRS-R) scores, numerical rating scale at movement (NRS-M) scores, heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and pulse oxygen saturation during exercise at different monitoring time points after surgery, the incidence of adverse drug reactions such as hypotension, respiratory depression, nausea, and vomiting after surgery were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS Compared with the control group, the first postoperative remedial analgesia time was significantly longer in the trial group, and the total amount of postoperative remedial drugs was significantly reduced (P<0.001). The trial group had lower NRS-R and NRS-M scores at each monitoring time point, with statistically significant differences (P<0.001), and there was an interactive effect between time and groups (P<0.001). The changes in heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and pulse oxygen saturation of patients in the trial group were relatively small, with no statistically significant differences (P>0.05), and there was no interactive effect between time and groups (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of adverse drug reactions between 2 groups, such as postoperative hypotension, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS The intra- articular injection of ropivacaine combined with alfentanil shows good efficacy and safety for post-knee arthroscopic analgesia, and significantly prolongs the analgesic duration of ropivacaine.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 598-617, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971733

ABSTRACT

Although NPM1 mutations are frequently found in acute myeloid leukemia patients, therapeutic strategies are scarce and unsuitable for those who cannot tolerate intensive chemotherapy. Here we demonstrated that heliangin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone, exerts favorable therapeutic responses in NPM1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia cells, with no apparent toxicity to normal hematogenous cells, by inhibiting their proliferation, inducing apoptosis, causing cell cycle arrest, and promoting differentiation. In-depth studies on its mode of action using quantitative thiol reactivity platform screening and subsequent molecular biology validation showed that the ribosomal protein S2 (RPS2) is the main target of heliangin in treating NPM1 mutant AML. Upon covalent binding to the C222 site of RPS2, the electrophilic moieties of heliangin disrupt pre-rRNA metabolic processes, leading to nucleolar stress, which in turn regulates the ribosomal proteins-MDM2-p53 pathway and stabilizes p53. Clinical data shows that the pre-rRNA metabolic pathway is dysregulated in acute myeloid leukemia patients with the NPM1 mutation, leading to a poor prognosis. We found that RPS2 plays a critical role in regulating this pathway and may be a novel treatment target. Our findings suggest a novel treatment strategy and lead compound for acute myeloid leukemia patients, especially those with NPM1 mutations.

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