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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 38-50, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010596

ABSTRACT

Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a sporadic chronic disease characterized by progressive bone dissolution, absorption, and disappearance along with lymphatic vessel infiltration in bone-marrow cavities. Although the osteolytic mechanism of GSD has been widely studied, the cause of lymphatic hyperplasia in GSD is rarely investigated. In this study, by comparing the RNA expression profile of osteoclasts (OCs) with that of OC precursors (OCPs) by RNA sequencing, we identified a new factor, semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), which is an osteoprotective factor involved in the lymphatic expansion of GSD. Compared to OCPs, OCs enhanced the growth, migration, and tube formation of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), in which the expression of Sema3A is low compared to that in OCPs. In the presence of recombinant Sema3A, the growth, migration, and tube formation of LECs were inhibited, further confirming the inhibitory effect of Sema3A on LECs in vitro. Using an LEC-induced GSD mouse model, the effect of Sema3A was examined by injecting lentivirus-expressing Sema3A into the tibiae in vivo. We found that the overexpression of Sema3A in tibiae suppressed the expansion of LECs and alleviated bone loss, whereas the injection of lentivirus expressing Sema3A short hairpin RNA (shRNA) into the tibiae caused GSD-like phenotypes. Histological staining further demonstrated that OCs decreased and osteocalcin increased after Sema3A lentiviral treatment, compared with the control. Based on the above results, we propose that reduced Sema3A in OCs is one of the mechanisms contributing to the pathogeneses of GSD and that expressing Sema3A represents a new approach for the treatment of GSD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Lymphatic Vessels , Osteoclasts/pathology , Osteolysis, Essential/pathology , Semaphorin-3A/metabolism
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 10-17, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of manual acupuncture on endometrial blood flow parameters by three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler ultrasound in women undergoing in vitro fertilization embryo transfer (IVF-ET).@*METHODS@#Seventy patients undergoing IVF-ET were equally randomized into traditional or sham acupuncture treatment group for totally 4 days (from the day of oocyte aspiration to the day of embryo transfer) of treatment by random envelope method at the Reproductive Medicine Center and Outpatient Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medicine College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2013 to December 2015. Patients in the traditional acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with manual acupuncture, and Zhongji (CV3), Qihai (CV 6), Sanyinjiao (SP6), Taichong (LR 3), Tianshu (ST 25), Guilai (ST 29) and Zusanli (ST 36) were chosen. Patients at the sham acupuncture group accepted shallow acupuncture methods at 4 non-meridian points at each shoulder and upper arm. Outcome measures included endometrial ultrasonic indices such as vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization flow index (VFI), endometrial thickness and volume, subendometrial VI (sVI), subendometrial FI (sFI), subendometrial VFI (sVFI), implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 34 patients in the traditional acupuncture group and 35 in the sham acupuncture group completed this trial. VI, FI and VFI of the traditional acupuncture group were significantly higher than those in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in endometrial thickness, endometrial volume, sVI, sFI, sVFI, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, abortion rate, live birth rate and number of live births (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Manual acupuncture performed after oocyte aspiration and before transplantation improved the endometrial blood flow parameters VI, RI and VFI in women who underwent IVF-ET, instead of sVI, sFI and sVFI. Therefore, acupuncture might be beneficial in women undergoing IVF-ET by increasing endometrial blood flow and endometrial receptivity. (Registration No. ChiCTR2100053354).


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Single-Blind Method , Embryo Transfer , Pregnancy Rate , Acupuncture Therapy , Endometrium/blood supply
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1189-1195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976494

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the distribution of refractive parameters and theirs correlation with spherical equivalent(SE)in preschool children aged 3 to 6 years, and evaluate the accuracy of each screening index in diagnosing refractive errors.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 791 preschool children, ranging from 3 to 6 years old, who consented to undergo mydriatic refraction were selected. Axial length(AL), corneal refractive power(K), and SE were measured after microcoria optometry and mydriatic optometry. Additionally, the corneal radius of curvature(CR)and the axial length/corneal radius of curvature(AL/CR)ratio were calculated.RESULTS: A total of 791 students participated in the study, out of which 400(50.6%)were male and 391(49.4%)were female. The mean values for AL, CR, AL/CR, and SE were 22.62±0.94mm, 7.81±0.29mm, 2.90±0.09, and +1.95±1.31D, respectively. AL, CR, and AL/CR increased with age. AL and CR were significantly higher in males than in females(all P&#x003C;0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference between AL/CR and SE in males and females(P=0.82, 0.19). The correlation coefficients of SE and AL/CR, AL and CR were -0.86, -0.50 and 0.16, respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis indicate that for each unit increase in AL/CR, there was a corresponding shift of 10.91 towards myopia in SE. The sensitivity of AL/CR in screening for myopia was 94.44%, with a specificity of 90.46% and a Youden index of 0.84. For screening myopia under microcoria optometry, the sensitivity was 100%, with a specificity of 66.09% and a Youden index of 0.66. The area under the curve was 0.967 and 0.809 when the ROC curves were plotted using AL/CR and AL as indicators for screening myopia, respectively.CONCLUSION: For large group screening activities where mydriatic optometry is not feasible, AL/CR is better for evaluating refractive status and identifying children with myopia and hyperopia reserve that are lower than normal for their age, compared to AL and microcoria optometry.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1390-1395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996996

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the perioperative efficacy and safety of all-port robotic lobectomy versus thoracoscopic lobectomy in stageⅠA non-small cell lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of patients with stageⅠA non-small cell lung cancer who underwent lobectomy with lymph node dissection performed by the same operator in our center from June 2019 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a robotic group and a thoracoscopic group according to different procedures. We compared the relevant indexes such as operation time, intraoperative bleeding, number of lymph node dissection stations, number of lymph node dissection, postoperative tube time, postoperative hospitalization time, closed chest drainage volume, postoperative pain, postoperative complications and hospitalization cost between the two groups. Results    There were 83 patients in the robotic group, including 34 males and 49 females with a median age of 60.0 (53.0, 67.0) years, and 94 patients in the thoracoscopic group, including 36 males and 58 females with a median age of 60.5 (54.0, 65.3) years. There was no conversion to thoractomy or death in postoperative 90 days in both groups. No statistical difference was seen in the operation time, total postoperative drainage volume and postoperative complication rates between the two groups (P>0.05). Patients in the robotic group had less intraoperative bleeding (P<0.001), more lymph node dissection stations (P=0.002) and numbers (P=0.005), less postoperative pain (P=0.002), and shorter postoperative time with tubes (P=0.031) and hospital stay (P<0.001). However, the surgery was more expensive in the robotic group (P<0.001). Conclusion    All-port robotic surgery is safe and effective for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer with less intraoperative bleeding, more lymph node dissection, less postoperative pain, and shorter hospital stay compared with the thoracoscopic surgery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 195-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994003

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) in urological inpatients during perioperation.Methods:The clinical data of 7 988 inpatients admitted to the Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The cohort included 5 657 males and 2 331 females. The average age of the enrolled patients was (56.3±15.8) years old, and the body mass index was (23.8±3.2) kg/m 2. There were 1 628 malignant tumors patients and 6 360 non-malignant tumors patients in the cohort. Of all the patients, 7 725 cases received surgical treatment. All patients were scored with the Caprini Risk Assessment Model (2005) after admission and 1 655 cases were classified as very low risk, 2 940 cases were low risk, 2 922 cases were medium risk, 345 cases were high risk and 126 cases were very high risk. Patients with Caprini score ≥ 2 and/or clinical symptoms were examined by venous color Doppler ultrasound. CT pulmonary angiography was performed for patients with chest pain, chest tightness, decreased blood oxygen saturation and other symptoms suspected of pulmonary embolism according to clinical judgment to screen the incidence of VTE. Results:Among the 7 988 cases, 180 cases (2.25%, 180/7 988) with VTE were found by preoperative examination, including 1 case (0.01%, 1/7 988) with pulmonary embolism. There were 199 new cases with VTE after operation, and the incidence of new VTE after operation was 2.58% (199/7 725). Among them, pulmonary embolism was found in 7 cases, with a incidence of 0.09% (7/7 725). Only 7.92% (30/379) of the VTE patients had VTE-related symptoms. The operations with higher incidence of VTE were radical cystectomy, nephroureterectomy, radical prostatectomy and radical nephrectomy, with the incidence of 11.61% (13/112), 10.87 (10/92), 8.25% (16/194) and 6.16% (22/357) respectively.Conclusions:The incidence of VTE in hospitalized patients with urinary surgery in this study is much higher than previously reported. Most of the patients with VTE are asymptomatic. The operations with high incidence of VTE after operation are radical cystectomy, nephroureterectomy, radical prostatectomy and radical nephrectomy. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out VTE screening for hospitalized patients in urology department, which is helpful to realize early intervention of VTE and reduce the risk of VTE progression and pulmonary embolism.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 543-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To fulfill the automatic radiolabeling of the norepinephrine transporter (NET) trancer 18F-meta-fluorobenzylguanidine (mFBG), and explore the 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging effect of pheochromocytoma. Methods:On the basis of the chemical structure of mFBG, a spirocyclic iodonium ylide was used as the precursor to undergo a 3-step reaction sequence (radiofluorination, deprotection and neutralization) on AllinOne synthesis module. Purification by high performance liquid chromatography and formulation were conducted to generate 18F-mFBG. The corresponding quality control tests of 18F-mFBG product was performed. Afterwards, a postoperative patient with pheochromocytoma underwent 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging. Results:The radiosynthesis was accomplished within 70 min, and 18F-mFBG was obtained in (17.8±2.4)% non-decay-corrected radiochemical yield ( n=5), with radiochemical purity >97% and molar activity >59.2 GBq/μmol. Sterility test, bacterial endotoxins test, abnormal toxicity test and the acetonitrile residue all met the requirements of Pharmacopoeia of the People′ s Republic of China (2020 Volume Ⅳ). The 18F-mFBG PET/CT imaging disclosed high uptake in pheochromocytoma and clear localization of lesions. Conclusions:The automatic radiolabeling of the NET targeted tracer 18F-mFBG is successfully realized by commercially available synthesis module, and the production quality meets all requirements for clinical translation. 18F-mFBG has a potential to image neuroendocrine lesions in clinical setting.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 34-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) refractoriness.Methods:The clinical data of 106 HCC patients who underwent TACE at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively studied. There were 90 males and 16 females, with the age of (59.9±9.3) years. These patients were divided into the TACE-refractory group ( n=47) and the control group ( n=59) based on whether TACE refratoriness occurred after surgery. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVIKA-II), maximum diameter of tumor, number of tumor and tumor vascularization patterns between the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to analyse the risk factors of TACE refractoriness in patients with HCC after TACE. Results:The proportion of patients with AFP >400 μg/L, PIVIKA-II >40 AU/L, number of tumor and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ (uneven enhancement) were significantly higher in the TACE-refractory group than the control group (all P<0.05). The maximum diameter of tumor for patients in the TACE-refractory group was significantly larger than that in the control group ( Z=-2.41, P=0.016). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients with serum AFP >400 μg/L( OR=2.707, 95% CI: 1.008-7.271), multiple tumors ( OR=6.069, 95% CI: 2.115-17.415) and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ (uneven enhancement)( OR=7.813, 95% CI: 2.246-27.176) before the first TACE were at increased risks of TACE refractoriness (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative AFP >400 μg/L, multiple tumors and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ were independent risk factors for TACE refractoriness in patients with HCC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 500-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992627

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical outcomes of intraoperative fluoroscopy on femoral tunnel placement in treating professional snow sports athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 13 professional snow sports athletes with ACL injury treated in the National Institute of Sports Medicine, General Administration of Sport of China from January 2016 to January 2019. There were 5 males and 8 females, aged 16-27 years [(18.5±3.0)years]. Intraoperative lateral fluoroscopy combined with quadrant method was performed for the accurate femoral tunnel placement in single-bundle ACL reconstruction by using autologous hamstring tendon in all patients. KT1000 side-to-side difference (KT1000-ssd), pivot shift test, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective score, Lysholm score, Marx activity scale and maximum extension and flexion resistance ratio of the involved and uninvolved knee were compared before operation (or before injury) and at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after operation. Whether returning to the field, time taken in returning to the field and re-injury were recorded at each follow-up visit. ACL graft signal intensity ratio (SIR) in MRI of the involved knee was evaluated at postoperative 24 months.Results:All patients were followed up for 24-33 months [(25.8±2.7)months]. There were 7 patients with KT1000-ssd degree I, 5 with degree II and 1 with degree III before operation, compared to 12 patients with KT1000-ssd degree 0 and 1 with degree I at 3 and 6 months after operation and 13 patients with KT1000-ssd degree 0 at 12 and 24 months after operation. The pivot shift test was grade I in 8 patients and grade II in 5 before operation, compared to 11 patients with degree 0 and 2 with degree I at 3 months after operation and 12 patients with degree 0 and 1 with degree I at 6, 12 and 24 months after operation. IKDC subjective score was (68.0±4.3)points, (84.7±7.9)points, (94.6±3.3)points and (96.5±1.8)points at postoperative 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Six months after operation, IKDC subjective score was significantly improved compared to the preoperative (48.3±25.0)points (all P<0.01). The Lysholm score was (63.4±6.6)points, (80.1±6.5)points, (93.8±4.6)points and (96.5±2.4)points at postoperative 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Six months after operation, the Lysholm score was significantly improved compared to the preoperative (47.5±29.4)points (all P<0.01). The Marx activity scale was (7.4±0.5)points, (13.8±0.7)points, (14.6±0.8)points and (15.0±0.7)points at postoperative 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively, significantly lower than (16.0±0.0)points before the injury (all P<0.01). The maximum extension resistance ratio of the involved and uninvolved knee was 0.60±0.10, 0.85±0.08, 0.91±0.06 and 0.97±0.04 at postoperative 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Six months after operation, the maximum extension resistance ratio of the involved and uninvolved knee was significantly increased compared to the preoperative 0.57±0.18 (all P<0.01).The maximum flexion resistance ratios of involved and uninvolved knee were 0.64±0.09, 0.82±0.06, 0.89±0.04 and 0.94±0.06 at postoperative 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Six months after operation, the maximum flexion resistance ratio of the involved and uninvolved knee was significantly increased compared to the preoperative 0.60±0.12 (all P<0.01). Thirteen athletes returned to the field within 12 months after operation with the time taken in returning to the field ranging from 5-12 months [(8.7±1.9)months]. There was no ACL re-injury at postoperative 24 months. The ACL graft SIR in MRI of the involved knee was 1.80±0.20 at postoperative 24 months. Conclusion:Intraoperative fluoroscopy on femoral tunnel placement in the treatment of professional snow sports athletes with ACL injury can significantly improve the knee joint stability, subjective function, sports performance and muscle strength within 6 months, and can help them return to the field within 12 months, and accelerates graft healing.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 97-102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of bortezomib-related peripheral neuropathy (BIPN) and the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of patients in treatment of multiple myeloma (MM).Methods:The clinical data of 71 newly diagnosed MM patients treated with BD (bortezomib + dexamethasone) regimen in Yancheng First People's Hospital from March 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The bone marrow morphology, immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology (MICM), routine electrophysiological examination before and after treatment were performed. All patients were divided into the peripheral neuropathy (PN) group and the non-PN group according to the presence or not of BIPN, and the clinicopathological differences of both groups were also compared; a binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the occurrence of PN. The electrophysiological characteristics were summarized and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect karyotype of BIPN patients.Results:Among 71 MM patients, there were 40 cases (56.3%) of PN and 31 cases (43.7%) of non-PN. The proportion of patients at international staging system (ISS) staging Ⅲ, and the levels of IgA, IgG, IgM, serum creatinine, β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) in the PN group were higher than those in the non-PN group, and hemoglobin (Hb) level in the PN group was lower than that in the non-PN group, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that increased IgA ( OR = 1.151, 95% CI 1.012-1.309, P = 0.033), increased IgG ( OR = 1.055, 95% CI 1.000~1.112, P = 0.049), increased IgM ( OR = 1.010, 95% CI 1.001-1.018, P = 0.022), increased serum creatinine ( OR = 1.037, 95% CI 1.011~1.065, P = 0.005), increased β 2-MG ( OR = 1.564, 95% CI 1.039-2.354, P = 0.032) were risk factors for BIPN. Among 40 patients with BIPN, 33 cases (82.5%) of sensory nerve conduction velocity (SCV) were abnormal, 23 cases (57.5%) of motor nerve conduction velocity (MCV) were abnormal; 31 cases (77.5%) showed demyelination damage, 9 cases (22.5%) had axonal damage. Among 40 patients with BIPN, 24 cases underwent FISH detection, including 19 cases (79.2%) with chromosomal mutations, of which 12 cases (50.0%) were mixed subtype abnormal. Conclusions:MM patients with high levels of β 2-MG, IgA, IgG, IgM and serum creatinine are more prone to PN when treated with bortezomib. The electrophysiology of patients with BIPN is mainly characterized by demyelination of sensory nerves.

10.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 305-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015211

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of glucose and serum deprivation under hypoxia(GSDH)treatment on oxidative stress and apoptosis in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), so to provide an experimental support for improving the therapeutic efficacy of BMSCs. Methods The cell injury model was established by hypoxia (1% O

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1347-1356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014578

ABSTRACT

AIM: Given the biofilm formation abili- ty of different ST-type Klebsiella pneumoniae, our study was aimed at exploring the inhibitory and clearance of azithromycin combined with levofloxacin on the biofilm of Klebsiella pneumoniae of different ST-types and providing a new strategy for the prevention of biofilm formation in the treatment of post-infectious Klebsiella pneumoniae. METHODS: 9 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae from all susceptibility groups, 19 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum β - lactamases (ESBLs), and 37 strains of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) were randomly collected from the samples of patients hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from August 2019 to November 2021. The isolates were identified using VITEK MS IVD KB V3.2 and VITEK 2-Compact 60. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed to analyze the homology of each strain; crystal violet staining was used for semi -quantitative detection of biofilm to compare the differences in biofilm formation ability between different ST-type Klebsiella pneumoniae. Different ST-type strains were selected, and the partial inhibitory concentration index (FICI) was calculated by micro broth dilution method to judge the combination effect and select the optimal combination concentration; crystalline violet staining method was used to investigate the inhibition and clearance effect of azithromycin combined with levofloxacin on the biofilm of different ST-type Klebsiella pneumoniae; laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy was used to observe the structural changes of the biofilm of Klebsiella pneumoniae before and after the effect of the antibacterial drugs. RESULTS: MLST typing results showed that the sensitive group of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains had 8 sequences such as ST86, ST727, etc., the ESBLs group strains belonged to 14 sequence types such as ST15, ST37, ST11, etc., of which ST15 accounted for 26.32% (5 / 19). The CRKP group strains belonged to 9 sequence types such as ST11, ST15, ST656, etc., of which ST11 accounted for 48.65% (18/37), ST15 accounted for 27.03% (10/37); ST15 (ESBLs), ST11 (CRKP), ST15 (CRKP) type Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilms all reached maturity on the 5th day, the ST15 (ESBLs) group had a stronger ability to produce material to be membranous than the ST15 (CRKP) group. The ST11 (CRKP) group had a stronger ability to produce material to be membranous than the ST15 (CRKP) group (Pazithromycin>levofloxacin, and the highest clearance rate was 44.79%. CONCLUSION: There are differences in biofilm formation ability between different ST-type Klebsiella pneumoniae, and azithromycin combined with levofloxacin has a better inhibitory effect on different ST-type Klebsiella pneumoniae biofilm, conbined application can be used in the treatment of biofilm infections early stage.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 581-592, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965636

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a chronic nervous system disease, which affects more than 70 million people all over the world. Although more than 30 kinds of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been on the market, about one third of the patients with epilepsy fail to respond to medical treatment, who become drug-resistant epilepsy patients. Identifying the mechanism and developing effective treatment methods for drug-resistant epilepsy have become a hot area in the field of epilepsy research. This review discussed resent advance on the pathogenesis of drug-resistant epilepsy from the transporter hypothesis, neural network hypothesis and target hypothesis, and we also summarized the existing potential treatment methods and research progress of drug-resistant epilepsy, such as surgical resection, deep brain stimulation, ketogenic diet, precise treatment, and traditional Chinese medicine treatment. Our review may provide useful clues for the mechanisms research and clinical treatments of drug-resistant epilepsy.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 570-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a reduction device for the arthroscopy-assisted treatment of tibial plateau fracture and explore its clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to September 2019, 21 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated, including 17 males and 4 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 55 years old with an average of (38.6±8.7) years old. There were 5 cases of Schatzker typeⅡand 16 cases of Schatzker type Ⅲ. The self-designed reductor combined with arthroscope was used for auxiliary reduction and fixation(minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis). The efficacy was analyzed by observing the operation time, blood loss, fracture healing time and knee function(HSS and IKDC scoring criteria).@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 8 to 24 with an average of(14.0±3.1) months. The operative time ranged from 70 to 95 min with an average of(81.7±7.6)min, incision length ranged from 4 to 7 cm with an average of(5.3±0.9) cm, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 50 ml with an average of(35.3±5.2) ml, postoperative weight-bearing time ranged from 30 to 50 d with an average of(35.1±9.2) d, fracture healing time ranged from 65 to 90 d with an average of(75.0±4.4) d, and complications were 0 cases, respectively. The fracture was well healed and no screw plate fracture was observed. The knee function scores of HSS and IKDC 18 months after operation were significantly higher than those before operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The custom-made reduction tool for the arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fracture is reasonable in design and simple in operation. The specific reduction tool could effectively reduce the fracture, and shorten the fixation time with minimally invasive procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1555-1559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980552

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effect of full-femtosecond small incision lenticule extraction(SMILE)on the treatment of high myopia based on propensity score matching.METHODS: A total of 48 cases(48 eyes)of high myopia patients who underwent SMILE surgery in our hospital from May 2019 to May 2021 were selected as the observation group, and 48 cases(48 eyes)of high myopia patients who underwent FS-LASIK surgery were matched using propensity score matching as the control group. Follow up for 6mo after surgery, the changes in cylindrical, central corneal thickness, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), corneal endothelial cell related indicators [percentage of hexagonal endothelial cells(6A), coefficient of variation(CV)of endothelial cell area, central corneal endothelial cell density(ECD)] and corneal biomechanical indicators [simulated Goldman intraocular pressure(IOPg), corneal hysteresis(CH), corneal resistance factor(CRF), corneal compensated intraocular pressure(IOPcc)] between the two groups were compared, and the incidence of complications in both groups of patients was recorded.RESULTS: Both groups of patients showed significant improvements in cylindrical and UCVA at 3 and 6mo after surgery, as well as decreased central corneal thickness, corneal endothelial cells, and corneal biomechanics related indicators. The changes in the observation group were more significant(all P&#x003C;0.05). During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the observation group and the control group(8% vs. 17%, P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: SMILE has a definite effect on patients with high myopia and is helpful to improve visual acuity.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1413-1416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978645

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the correlation between meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)patients and their sleep quality.METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. A total of 150 MGD patients treated in our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022 were selected and divided into sleep disorder group(75 cases, PSQI&#x003E;10 points)and control group(75 cases, PSQI≤10 points)according to the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI). Both groups were scored using the ocular surface disease index(OSDI), underwent meibomian gland-related examinations(eyelid margin morphology, meibomian gland secretion ability, meibomian gland secretion quality score), corneal fluorescein staining(FL)score, Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), tear film break-up time(BUT)was measured, and sleep indicators(sleep quality, sleep latency, subjective sleep quality, sleep time)were evaluated.RESULTS: There were significant differences in OSDI score, FL score, SⅠt, BUT, eyelid margin morphology score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). In the sleep disorder group, PSQI score, sleep latency score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with OSDI score, FL score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, sleep latency score, and subjective sleep quality score were significantly negatively correlated with BUT and SⅠt(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep time score was significantly negatively correlated with BUT(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep latency score was not significantly correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003E;0.05); sleep time score was not significantly correlated with SⅠt(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The ocular surface condition of MGD patients is correlated with multiple sleep quality indicators, and a decline in sleep quality may increase the risk of MGD.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1589-1596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970631

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the effect of Bombyx Batryticatus extract(BBE) on behaviors of rats with global cerebral ischemia reperfusion(I/R) and the underlying mechanism. The automatic coagulometer was used to detect the four indices of human plasma coagulation after BBE intervention for quality control of the extract. Sixty 4-week-old male SD rats were randomized into sham operation group(equivalent volume of normal saline, ip), model group(equivalent volume of normal saline, ip), positive drug group(900 IU·kg~(-1) heparin, ip), and low-, medium-, and high-dose BBE groups(0.45, 0.9, and 1.8 mg·g~(-1)·d~(-1) BBE, ip). Except the sham operation group, rats were subjected to bilateral common carotid artery occlusion followed by reperfusion(BCCAO/R) to induce I/R. The administration lasted 7 days for all the groups. The behaviors of rats were examined by beam balance test(BBT). Morphological changes of brain tissue were observed based on hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. Immunofluorescence method was used to detect common leukocyte antigen(CD45), leukocyte differentiation antigen(CD11b), and arginase-1(Arg-1) in cerebral cortex(CC). The protein expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-6(IL-6), and interleukin-10(IL-10) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The non-targeted metabonomics was employed to detect the levels of metabolites in plasma and CC of rats after BBE intervention. The results of quality control showed that the BBE prolonged the activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), prothrombin time(PT), and thrombin time(TT) of human plasma, which was similar to the anticoagulation effect of BBE obtained previously. The results of behavioral test showed that the BBT score of the model group increased compared with that of the sham operation group. Compared with the model group, BBE reduced the BBT score. As for the histomorphological examination, compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed morphological changes of a lot of nerve cells in CC. The nerve cells with abnormal morphology in CC decreased after the intervention of BBE compared with those in the model group. Compared with the sham operation group, the model group had high average fluorescence intensity of CD45 and CD11b in the CC. The average fluorescence intensity of CD11b decreased and the average fluorescence intensity of Arg-1 increased in CC in the low-dose BBE group compared with those in the model group. The average fluorescence intensity of CD45 and CD11b decreased and the average fluorescence intensity of Arg-1 increased in medium-and high-dose BBE groups compared with those in the model group. The expression of IL-1β and IL-6 was higher and the expression of IL-4 and IL-10 was lower in the model group than in the sham operation group. The expression of IL-1β and IL-6 was lower and the expression of IL-4 and IL-10 was higher in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose BBE groups than in the model group. The results of non-targeted metabonomics showed that 809 metabolites of BBE were identified, and 57 new metabolites in rat plasma and 45 new metabolites in rat CC were found. BBE with anticoagulant effect can improve the behaviors of I/R rats, and the mechanism is that it promotes the polarization of microglia to M2 type, enhances its anti-inflammatory and phagocytic functions, and thus alleviates the damage of nerve cells in CC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rats , Male , Animals , Interleukin-10 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Bombyx , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Saline Solution/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Reperfusion , Neurons
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1319-1329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970603

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the biological effects and underlying mechanisms of the total ginsenosides from Panax ginseng stems and leaves on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced acute lung injury(ALI) in mice. Sixty male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves normal administration group(61.65 mg·kg~(-1)), and low-, medium-, and high-dose total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves groups(15.412 5, 30.825, and 61.65 mg·kg~(-1)). Mice were administered for seven continuous days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, mice were sacrificed to obtain lung tissues and calculate lung wet/dry ratio. The number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was detected. The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) in BALF were detected. The mRNA expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and the levels of myeloperoxidase(MPO), glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase(SOD), and malondialdehyde(MDA) in lung tissues were determined. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes in lung tissues. The gut microbiota was detected by 16S rRNA sequencing, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was applied to detect the content of short-chain fatty acids(SCFAs) in se-rum. The results showed that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could reduce lung index, lung wet/dry ratio, and lung damage in LPS-induced ALI mice, decrease the number of inflammatory cells and levels of inflammatory factors in BALF, inhibit the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors and levels of MPO and MDA in lung tissues, and potentiate the activity of GSH-Px and SOD in lung tissues. Furthermore, they could also reverse the gut microbiota disorder, restore the diversity of gut microbiota, increase the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae and Muribaculaceae, decrease the relative abundance of Prevotellaceae, and enhance the content of SCFAs(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid) in serum. This study suggested that the total ginsenosides from P. ginseng stems and leaves could improve lung edema, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in ALI mice by regulating gut microbiota and SCFAs metabolism.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Panax/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Lung/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , RNA, Messenger
18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 271-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986026

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the burden of disease attributable to high temperature exposure in China and globally from 1990 to 2019, and to study the current burden of disease in relevant populations. Methods: In October 2021, based on data from the global burden of disease 2019 (GBD 2019) study, population attributable fraction (PAF), number of deaths, mortality, disability-adjusted life year (DALY) and DALY rate of Chinese and global populations with different ages and genders in 1990 and 2019 were extracted and analyzed. The rate of change was calculated, the mortality rate was normalized by the age structure of the world standard population, and the causes of disease burden caused by high temperature exposure of Chinese residents were analyzed. Results: In 2019, compared with 1990, the PAF of Chinese and global population decreased by 43.98% and 12.41% respectively, the number of deaths increased by 29.55% and 49.40% respectively, the crude mortality rate increased by 7.81% and 3.30% respectively, the DALY decreased by 48.12% and 14.41% respectively, and the DALY rate decreased by 56.82% and 40.82% respectively. The mortality rate of the ≥70 age group was higher than that of other groups. The disease burden indicators such as PAF, standardized mortality and DALY attributable to high temperature exposure in men were higher than those in women. In 2019, the main cause of DALY affected by high temperature exposure in Chinese population was ischemic heart disease (84400 person-years), and the main cause of death was ischemic heart disease (4900 cases). Conclusion: The burden of diseases attributable to high temperature exposure is still serious in China and the world at large. Targeted interventions should be formulated for men, the elderly and people with occupational exposure, and a sound surveillance system should be established to reduce the burden of diseases caused by high temperature exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality-Adjusted Life Years , Temperature , Cost of Illness , China/epidemiology , Myocardial Ischemia
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1630-1633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942830

ABSTRACT

Posterior cataract opacification(PCO)is the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation(EMT)of residual lens epithelial cells(LECs)after cataract surgery, resulting in opaque scar which is one of the main complications of cataract surgery. A large amount of fibronectin(FN)produced by LECs after cataract surgery binds to a variety of cell surface receptors, matrix components and growth factors to regulate cell behavior. The purpose of this article is to review the literatures on the treatment of PCO targeting fibronectin and provide references for clinical treatment of PCO. In this paper, the research status of fibronectin in PCO in recent years is reviewed.

20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 339-348, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928956

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pharmacodynamic material basis, mechanism of actions and targeted diseases of Salicornia europaea L. (SE) based on the network pharmacology method, and to verify the antidepressant-like effect of the SE extract by pharmacological experiments.@*METHODS@#Retrieval tools including Chinese medicine (CM), PubMed, PharmMapper, MAS 3.0 and Cytoscape were used to search the components of SE, predict its targets and related therapeutic diseases, and construct the "Component-Target-Pathway" network of SE for central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Further, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) function annotation of depression-related targets were analyzed to predict the antidepressant mechanism of SE. Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model was used to construct a mouse model with depression-like symptoms. And the animals were randomly divided into 6 groups (n=10) including the normal group (nonstressed mice administered with distilled water), the CUMS group (CUMS mice administered with distilled water), the venlafaxine group (CUMS mice administered with venlafaxine 9.38 mg/kg), SE high-, medium-, and low-dose groups (CUMS mice administered with SE 1.8, 1.35 and 0.9 g/kg, respectively). Then some relevant indicators were determined for experimental verification by the forced swim test (FST), the tail suspension test (TST) and open-field test (OFT). Dopamine (DA) concentration in hippocampus and cerebral cortex, IL-2 and corticosterone (CORT) levels in blood, and nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), kelch-like epichlorohydrin related protein 1 (Keap1), NAD(P) H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1 (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) levels in mice were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot respectively to explore the possible mechanisms.@*RESULTS@#The "target-disease" network diagram predicted by network pharmacology, showed that the potential target of SE involves a variety of CNS diseases, among which depression accounts for the majority. The experimental results showed that SE (1.8, 1.35 g/kg) significantly decreased the immobility period, compared with the CUMS group in FST and TST in mice after 3-week treatment, while SE exhibited no significant effect on exploratory behavior in OFT in mice. Compared with CUMS group, the SE group (0.9 g/kg) showed significant differences (P<0.05) in DA levels in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. In addition, compared with CUMS control group, SE (1.8 g/kg) group showed a significant effect on decreasing the activities of CORT (P<0.05), and serum IL-2 level with no statistical significance. Finally, Western blot results showed that compared with the model group, Nrf2, Keap1, NQO1 and HO-1 protein expressions in SE group (1.8 g/kg) were up-regulated (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The SE extract may have an antidepressant effect, which appeared to regulate Nrf2-ARE pathway and increased levels of DA and CORT in the hippocampus and cortex.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Behavior, Animal , Chenopodiaceae/metabolism , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Stress, Psychological/drug therapy
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