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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984677

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment of aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm in adult patients. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Adult patients with aortic coarctation who were hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to April 2019 were enrolled. The aortic coarctation was diagnosed by aortic CT angiography, and the included patients were divided into the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group based on descending aortic diameter. General clinical data and surgery-related data were collected from the included patients, and death and complications were recorded at 30 days after surgery, and upper limb systolic blood pressure was measured in all patients at discharge. Patients were followed up after discharge by outpatient visit or telephone call for their survival and the occurrence of repeat interventions and adverse events, which included death, cerebrovascular events, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, hypertension, postoperative restenosis, and other cardiovascular-related interventions. Results: A total of 107 patients with aortic coarctation aged (34.1±15.2) years were included, and 68 (63.6%) were males. There were 16 cases in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and 91 cases in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group. In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, 6 cases (6/16) underwent artificial vessel bypass, 4 cases (4/16) underwent thoracic aortic artificial vessel replacement, 4 cases (4/16) underwent aortic arch replacement+elephant trunk procedure, and 2 cases (2/16) underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the choice of surgical approach (all P>0.05). In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group at 30 days after surgery, one case underwent re-thoracotomy surgery, one case developed incomplete paraplegia of the lower extremity, and one case died; and the differences in the incidence of endpoint events at 30 days after surgery were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Systolic blood pressure in the upper extremity at discharge was significantly lower in both groups compared with the preoperative period (in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group: (127.3±16.3) mmHg vs. (140.9±16.3) mmHg, P=0.030, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa; in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group: (120.7±13.2) mmHg vs. (151.8±26.3) mmHg, P=0.001). The follow-up time was 3.5 (3.1, 4.4) years. There were no new deaths in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, no transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction or re-thoracotomy surgery, and one patient (1/15) suffered cerebral infarction and 10 patients (10/15) were diagnosed with hypertension. The differences in the occurrence of endpoint events during postoperative follow-up were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: In experienced centers, long-term prognosis of patients with aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm is satisfactory post surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Aortic Coarctation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 523-529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore intraoperative assessment of blood supply to the femoral head after femoral neck fracture, and the correlation between the blood supply and postoperative osteonecrosis of the femoral head.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 63 patients with femoral neck fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma and Microsurgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University by open reduction and internal fixation with hollow compression screws from April 2016 to March 2021. They were 39 males and 24 females with an age of (44.9±13.6) years. There were 42 cases of Garden type Ⅲ and 21 cases of Garden type Ⅳ. Time from injury to operation was (4.1±2.4) days. After internal fixation, a hole was drilled using a 2.0 mm Kirschner wire at 2.0 cm above the femoral head-neck junction to observe the velocity, color, and characteristics of the blood oozing at the drill hole. The patients were divided into a good oozing group of 51 cases in whom bright red blood oozing was observed within 15 seconds after drilling and a poor oozing group of 12 cases in whom dark red blood oozing was observed beyond 15 seconds after drilling. The incidence of postoperative femoral head necrosis, Harris hip score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain were compared between the 2 groups. Single factor and multi factor analyses were conducted using the Cox regression model to analyze the factors influencing postoperative femoral head necrosis in the patients.Results:The 63 patients were followed up for 24 (18, 36) months. The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between them ( P>0.05). Femoral head necrosis was observed in 3 cases in the good oozing group and in 5 cases in the poor oozing group, showing a significant difference between the 2 groups ( P<0.05). The Harris hip score [90.0 (86.0, 92.0)] and the VAS pain score [1.0 (1.0, 2.0)] at 1 year after surgery in the good oozing group were significantly better than those in the poor oozing group [85.5 (71.3, 88.8) and 2.5 (1.0, 3.8)] ( P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Garden type Ⅳ ( HR=6.784, 95% CI: 1.324 to 35.664, P=0.023) and intraoperative poor blood oozing ( HR=10.744, 95% CI: 2.359 to 51.774, P=0.003) were risk factors for femoral head necrosis after cannulated compression screw fixation of fractures of displaced femoral neck ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The blood supply to the femoral head after femoral neck fracture can be directly assessed by drilling a hole in the femoral head after open reduction and internal fixation. Intraoperative poor blood oozing is a risk factor for the femoral head necrosis after cannulated compression screw fixation of fractures of displaced femoral neck.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 76-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width (RDW-SD), neutrophil/lymphocyte value (NLR), fibrinogen (FIB) and the prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients and their predictive value.Methods:In this study, a retrospective study method was used to select 120 patients with MM who were initially diagnosed in the department of hematology of the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from January 2017 to October 2019. The follow-up time was 24 months, including 62 patients who survived (survival group) and 58 patients who died (death group). The RDW-SD, NLR and FIB values of the two groups were compared, and the value of the three indicators in predicting the follow-up outcome of MM patients was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the related factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.Results:Among 120 newly treated MM patients, the RDW-SD, NLR and FIB of the survival group were significantly lower than those of the death group (all P<0.05); The sensitivity, specificity and area under ROC curve (AUC) of RDW-SD+ NLR+ FIB in predicting adverse outcomes of MM patients were 88.96%, 84.50% and 0.919 respectively. Logistic multivariate regression analysis showed that ≥60 years old, International Staging System (ISS) Ⅲ, β2-microglobulin (β2-MG)≥3 500 ng/ml, increased RDW-SD, NLR, and FIB will increase the risk of poor prognosis in MM patients (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The RDW-SD, NLR and FIB have a close relationship with the poor prognosis of newly treated MM patients, and the combined application has certain value in predicting the prognosis of patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 553-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992222

ABSTRACT

Neural recording electrodes enable the acquisition and collection of electrical signals from neu-rons,and these recorded neural electrical signals are an important means of understanding neuronal activity.As a major component of the brain-machine interface,neu-ral recording electrodes serve as a bridge between the nervous system and external devices.The extracted information can be used to understand the state of the brain and acts as a feedback signal to regulate external devices,thus providing important information for the clini-cal treatment of neurological diseases.Moreover,the electrodes can be used as a vehicle for drug injection to directly treat diseases.Since the time that Strumwas-ser used microwires to achieve long-term recordings of neural activity in hibernating squirrels,implantable elec-trode technology has gradually improved over three gen-erations of development,and progress has been made in improving the biocompatibility,mechanical performance(size,shape,density,etc.),and signal-to-noise ratio.Implantable neural recording electrodes can acquire sig-nals from cortical and deep neural clusters,with the advantages of high signal-to-noise ratio,information con-tent,and spatial/temporal resolution.However,there is still a need to improve the structure and performance of these electrodes;for example,their high invasiveness and lack of biocompatibility pose technical difficulties in the process of translation to the clinic.This paper reviews the basic requirements for electrodes,main recording methods and signal types,common types of implant-able neural recording electrodes,and their challenges and future development directions.With the continuous development of electrode materials,equipment,systems,and neurotechnology,it should be possible to apply neu-ral recording electrodes in clinical practice,to promote safe and efficient treatment of human diseases.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 501-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992182

ABSTRACT

Areca nut is the dried and mature seed of Areca catechu L.in the palm family,which is a medicinal and food resource.It tastes bitter,spicy and warm.It has the functions of killing insects,eliminating accumulation,activating qi and nourishing water.It contains alkaloids,polyphenols,polysaccharides,fatty acids,amino acids,flavonoids,triterpenes and steroids and other chemical components.It has a certain protective effect on the ner-vous system,and mainly includes:① Arecoline con-tained in areca nut can stimulate the sympathetic nerve and simultaneously stimulate M receptor and N receptor,which can be used for the treatment of Alzheimer's dis-ease.② Antidepressant effect.Arecoline can easily pass through the blood-brain barrier and stimulate nerve cell receptors,thus promoting the body's excitement.Total phenols increase the content of monoamine transmitters in the brain by decreasing the content of monoamine oxi-dase,thus exerting therapeutic effect on depression.③ Antioxidant effect.Polyphenols and flavonoids can reduce oxidative damage of nervous system,and their antioxidant capacity is related to their content.④ Anti-inflammatory effect.Areca polysaccharides can exert anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of NO in macrophages induced by lipopolysaccharide.⑤Improved digestion.Areca nut water extract has a pro-moting effect on gastrointestinal motility,which is not only related to M choline receptor,but also probably related to α-adrenalin receptor.⑥Other effects.Such as anti-throm-bosis,anti-atherosclerosis,hypoglycemia,blood lipid reg-ulation,anti-tumor,anti-allergy,bacteriostasis,etc.This review summarized the chemical composition and phar-macological action of Areca catechu in recent years.It was found that the mechanism of action of Areca cate-chu L.is still unclear and further research is needed to provide basis for scientific utilization of Areca catechu.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 431-435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between negative evaluation fear and mobile phone addiction, and the mediating role of balanced time perspective.Methods:In April 2021, totally 1 158 secondary vocational school students were investigated by scales of fear of negative evaluation(FNE), mobile phone addiction index(MPAI)and Zimbardo time perspective inventory(ZTPI). The balanced time perspective was calculated by deviation from the balanced time perspective(DBTP). SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used for descriptive statistical analysis and correlation analysis of the data.Bootstrap method was used to test the mediating effect.Results:(1) Negative evaluation fear(37.87±7.71)was significantly positively correlated with balanced time perspective(4.50±0.75)( r= 0.379, P<0.01) and mobile phone addiction(46.11±11.92)( r=0.437, P<0.01). The balanced time perspective was significantly positively correlated with mobile phone addiction( r=0.475, P<0.01). (2) Negative evaluation fear directly and positively predicted mobile phone addiction( β=0.300, 95% CI=0.248-0.352). The balanced time perspective played a partial mediating role between negative evaluation fear and mobile phone addiction, and the mediating effect value was 0.137, accounted for 31.31%(0.137/0.437) of the total effect. Conclusion:The fear of negative evaluation can directly affect the mobile phone addiction behavior of secondary vocational students, and can also indirectly affect the mobile phone addiction by affecting the balanced time perspective.Good balanced time perspective can reduce the risk caused by the fear of negative evaluation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 361-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992102

ABSTRACT

Anxiety is a major mood disorder, and the high morbidity, co-morbidity and disability of anxiety disorders seriously affect people's quality of life, so the importance and urgency of research on anxiety cannot be overstated. Animal models are the main carriers for studying the mechanism of disease occurrence and development, drug efficacy evaluation and drug development.Unconditioned anxiety model is a common anxiety model.Elevated plus maze test, open field test and light-dark box test are widely accepted paradigms for the detection of unconditioned anxiety.This kind of behavioral paradigm based on environmental exposure takes advantage of the conflict between curiosity and fear of the unfamiliar environment to simulate and detect the anxiety of animals.However, the validity of these behavioral paradigms for evaluating anxiety in animals is questionable.In this paper, we discuss the concept of anxiety, the definition of anxiety behavior in the behavioral test of unconditioned anxiety, and the factors to be considered in the test of unconditioned anxiety behavior.On this basis, new solutions were proposed to the contradictions and blind spots in order to improve the test paradigm of anxiety behavior and provide a more reliable animal model for the evaluation of anxiety.This paper presents a new approach to address the contradictions and blind spots of this paradigm.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 164-167, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of perioperative serum osteosclerosis protein (SOST) and Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3) in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:Thirty elderly patients who underwent reduction and fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture in Baoding Second Hospital from May 2017 to December 2017 were prospectively selected as the observation group; 30 healthy subjects in the same period were selected as the healthy control group. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression of serum SOST and Dkk-3 at 1 d before operation and at 1, 3, 5 d after operation and compared with the same period of healthy physical examination(normal control group). Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between SOST and Dkk-3 and disease activity score (ASDAS) and spinal imaging evaluation score (mSASSS).Results:There was a positive correlation between Dkk-3 level and ASDAS score in the observation group ( r = 0.331, P = 0.012); the level of SOST was negatively correlated with the scores of ASDAS ( r = - 0.162, P = 0.017). The levels of serum SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group were lower than those in the healthy control group: 1.29(1.00, 2.40) μg/L vs. 1.96(1.63, 2.65) μg/L, (6.11 ± 1.15) μg/L vs. (9.81 ± 1.76) μg/L, P<0.05. The levels of serum SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group increased first and then decreased on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day after operation. The level of serum Dkk-3 increased to the highest level on the 3rd day after operation, and then decreased gradually, but it was still slightly higher than that before operation. The level of serum SOST in the observation group increased to the highest level 1st day after operation, and decreased at 3rd and 5th day after operation. The perioperative serum levels of SOST and Dkk-3 in the observation group were positively correlated, the correlation coefficient was the largest at 1 day after operation ( r = 0.571) and the lowest before operation ( r = 0.119). Conclusions:The perioperative serum levels of SOST and Dkk-3 in elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture increased first and then decreased. The change of serum SOST level is more sensitive and can be used as a sensitive index to reflect the change of osteogenic ability.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 4-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of prognosis between drug-coated balloon (DCB) and drug eluting stent (DES) interventional therapy in patients with coronary heart disease.Methods:The clinical data of 346 coronary heart disease patients underwent interventional therapy because of small vessel lesion, in-stent restenosis and bifurcation lesion in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from December 2018 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 179 patients were treated with DES (DES group), including small vessel lesion 81 cases, in-stent restenosis 35 cases, and bifurcation lesion 63 cases; 167 patients were treated with DCB (DCB group), including small vessel lesion 69 cases, in-stent restenosis 62 cases, and bifurcation lesion 36 cases. The major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) within 1 year after discharge was compared between two groups. Non-inferiority was analyzed, and non-inferiority margin was set to be 4%.Results:There was no statistical difference in the incidence of MACCE between DCB group and DES group: 3.59% (6/167) vs. 7.26% (13/179), P>0.05. There were no statistical differences in the incidences of MACCE in patients with small vessel lesion, in-stent restenosis and bifurcation lesion between DCB group and DES group: 1.45% (1/69) vs. 4.94% (4/81), 8.06% (5/62) vs. 14.29% (5/35) and 0 vs. 6.35% (4/63); P>0.05. Non-inferiority analysis result showed that DCB was non-inferior to DES on the prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease (95% CI - 8.41% to 1.07%). Conclusions:Non-inferiority of DCB versus DES is shown in coronary heart disease patients with small vessel lesion, in-stent restenosis and bifurcation lesion.

10.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 171-175, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006109

ABSTRACT

Malignant mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis testis (MMTVT) is a rare tumor. At present, there are still many disputes in its epidemiology, pathogenesis, selection of diagnostic methods, treatment and prognosis. Asbestos exposure, ionizing radiation and chromosome abnormalities are the risk factors of MMTVT. Immunohistochemistry, ultrasonography and electron microscope can be used for the diagnosis and aggressive surgery is the main treatment method. The development of endoscopic surgery, multi-disciplinary treatment (MDT), tumor targeted therapy and immunotherapy will bring more benefits to MMTVT patients.

11.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 867-873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005975

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the correlation between the expressions of CD10,CA9 and CD133 and the prognosis of patients with metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma (mccRCC) treated with sorafenib or sunitinib. 【Methods】 A total of 80 mccRCC patients who received sorafenib or sunitinib as first-line therapy were retrospectively enrolled. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) was performed for CD10,CA9 and CD133 in tumor tissue samples to analyze the correlation between the expression of each marker and clinicopathologic variables. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional risk models were used to analyze prognostic factors of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS),and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for CA9 expression and PFS,OS in the treatment subgroups. 【Results】 Altogether 37 patients (46.25%) had PFS,and the median PFS (mPFS) was 24.9 months (95%CI:16.5-33.2 months),while 55 patients (68.75%) died and the median OS (mOS) was 44.2 months (95%CI:14.6-73.7). Low expression of CD10 was correlated with high Fuhrman grade (χ2=6.241,P=0.012),lymph node metastasis (χ2=5.952,P=0.015),and the number of metastatic organs ≥2 (χ2=8.205,P=0.004). Univariate analysis showed that Fuhrman grade,number of metastatic organs and lymph node metastasis were the prognostic factors of PFS (P<0.05),while the number of metastatic organs,lymph node metastasis and CA9 expression were the prognostic factors of OS (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that Fuhrman grade was an independent factor of PFS (HR=2.457,95%CI:1.126-5.365,P=0.024),and the number of metastatic organs was an independent prognostic factor of OS (HR=1.857,95%CI:1.048-3.290,P=0.034). Survival analysis in subgroups showed that high CA9 expression in the sorafenib group was associated with longer OS (HR=0.401,95%CI:0.204-0.787,P=0.008). 【Conclusion】 Low expression of CA9 is an non-independent risk factor for OS,while CD10 and CD133 cannot be used as prognostic factors for mccRCC patients. Since mccRCC patients with low CA9 expression have less survival benefit from sorafenib and sunitinib,they can choose target therapy combined with immunotherapy or dual immunotherapy according to the guidelines to improve prognosis.

12.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 174-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005528

ABSTRACT

To analyze the psychological experience of close contacts with COVID-19 during the centralized isolation medical observation (centralized isolation for short) period, 17 close contacts of COVID-19 who received medical isolation observation at designated locations in a city of China were selected by purposive sampling using qualitative study methods, and the interviewees were interviewed by full-coverage structured telephone. By analyzing the obtained data and summarizing the themes, it was found that the psychological status of the COVID-19 close contacts during the centralized isolation period could be classified into three themes: obvious negative emotions, somatization of psychological problems, and demand for social support. During the epidemic, when close contacts were quarantined as high-risk groups, they often had complex and difficult psychological experiences. Relevant departments should actively carry out online guidance channels and offline knowledge dissemination, actively conduct psychological interventions for close contacts, assist them to develop life plans to enrich the life of the centralized isolation period. At the same time, relevant departments should do a good job in logistics and life support services, create a comfortable isolated living environment, and effectively relieve the negative emotions of close contacts of COVID-19 during centralized isolation through a variety of positive and effective measures to ensure physical and mental health.

13.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 121-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005511

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To design and manufacture a non-destructive intestinal decompression device and explore its effect on closed intestinal decompression in patients with intestinal obstruction. 【Methods】 A total of 78 patients with intestinal obstruction who underwent intestinal decompression in our hospital from January 2020 to September 2021 were selected as the research subjects: 40 in the control group and 38 in the experimental group. The traditional intestinal decompression method was used in the control group while the non-invasive intestinal decompression device method was used in the experimental group. We compared the number of cases of intestinal content pollution, drainage volume of intestinal content decompression, operation time, hospital stay, incidence of complications, and other indexes between the two groups. 【Results】 The two groups did no significantly differ in the general data (P>0.05). There were 10 cases (26.32%) of intestinal content pollution in the experimental group and 40 cases (100%) in the control group. The intestinal decompression drainage volume in the experimental group was 750.00 (728.75, 827.50) mL and 535.00 (520.00557.50) mL in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). The operation time, operation time and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). There was no incision infection in the experimental group but 6 cases in the control group, with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in other abdominal infection, anastomotic fistula, or enterostomy-related complications (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 The non-invasive intestinal decompression device can perform closed intestinal decompression in the operation of intestinal obstruction, reduce the pollution of the operation field, shorten operation time and hospital stay, and reduce the incidence of incision infection.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2391-2401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999145

ABSTRACT

The global incidence rate of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) continues to rise. The pathogenesis of NASH is complex, and there is no effective clinical treatment. Previous study has shown that DEAD box protein 5 (DDX5) can significantly alleviate the NASH process in mice. This study screened the natural product library of the research group and found that the active compound hypercalin B (HB) in Hypericum beanii N. Robson, a traditional Chinese medicine, can upregulate the expression of DDX5 protein in a dose-dependent manner. In this study, an in vitro model of NASH stimulated by palmitic acid (PA) and an animal model of NASH induced by the methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) were constructed. Different concentrations of HB were used to investigate the effect and mechanism of HB in alleviating NASH progression. All animal experiments in this paper were approved by the Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University (NO: 2021-02-003). In vitro model results showed that HB significantly reduced the intracellular lipid deposition induced by free fatty acid (FFA). Animal experiments showed that HB improved liver injury by significantly reducing lipid accumulation in the liver of NASH mice, and reducing serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels. Moreover, HB could inhibit liver inflammation by reducing the mRNA levels of liver pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 1β (IL-1β), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα). Further research showed that HB could reduce the phosphorylation level of the mechanical target of rapamycin (mTOR) and reduce the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and fatty acid synthase (FASN), thereby improving lipid metabolism and alleviating NASH progression, and the effects of HB against NASH were dependent on DDX5. In conclusion, HB can improve lipid metabolism and inhibit inflammatory activation by suppressing mTORC1 pathway via upregulating DDX5 protein, and showed promising anti-NASH activity in vitro and in vivo.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1988-1999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999119

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major contributor to patient deaths worldwide, and its pathogenesis is complex and mortality rates are increasing every year. Numerous researches have shown that the gut microbiota and its metabolites were closely associated with the development of CVD, and gut microbiota was expected to be a potential new target for the treatment of CVD. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), characterized by its multi-component, multi-target and integrity, can play a therapeutic role in CVD by regulating the gut microbiota, which has obvious advantages in stabilizing the disease, improving heart function and enhancing quality of life, and is an ideal intestinal microecological regulator. Therefore, this review will mainly discuss the intimate association of gut microbiota and its metabolites with CVD, and the therapeutic strategies of TCM targeting gut microbiota to improve CVD, including regulating the composition of gut microbiota, protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier, influencing the intestinal immune function and modulating the metabolites of gut microbiota, in order to provide a reference for the research of TCM targeting gut microbiota for CVD.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2375-2383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999113

ABSTRACT

Krüppel-like transcription factor 2 (KLF2) plays a key regulatory role in endothelial inflammation, thrombosis, angiogenesis and macrophage inflammation and polarization, and up-regulation of KLF2 expression has the potential to prevent and treatment atherosclerosis. In this study, trichostatin C (TSC) was obtained from the secondary metabolites of rice fermentation of Streptomyces sp. CPCC 203909 as a KLF2 up-regulator by using a high throughput screening model based on a KLF2 promoter luciferase reporter assay. TSC significantly inhibited the adhesion of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) induced monocytes (THP-1) to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Western blot results showed that TSC decreased TNFα induced the protein expression increase of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and thereby inhibited endothelial inflammation. The results of histone deacetylase (HDAC) overexpression and molecular docking experiments showed that TSC upregulated the expression of KLF2 by inhibiting subtypes of HDAC 4/5/7. In conclusion, this study suggests that TSC up-regulates the expression of KLF2 through inhibiting HDAC 4/5/7 and thus inhibits TNFα induced endothelial inflammation, and it has the potential to prevent and treat atherosclerosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1692-1696, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998885

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the intervention effect of aerobic step exercise on sleep quality of female college students, so as to provide a new perspective to improve the sleep quality of female college students.@*Methods@#In the 2020 fall semester, a total of 41 female college students with mild or more severe sleep disorders were selected from Beijing Normal University through a questionnaire and were randomly divided into experimental group ( n =29) and control group ( n =12). The experimental group received 55 minutes/time step aerobic exercise intervention for 8 weeks, three times a week, while the control group received no exercise intervention from October to December. The two groups maintained the original learning and living habits, without additional physical activity. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale and portable sleep monitor were used to assess the subjects sleep quality from both subjective and objective aspects. Changes in energy metabolism were observed by triaxial accelerometer and standing body composition analyzer.@*Results@#After exercise intervention, subjective sleep quality factor (1.24±0.43, 0.86±0.58), sleep efficiency factor (0.66±0.67, 0.07±0.25), sleep disorder factor (1.24± 0.51 , 1.03±0.18), daytime dysfunction factor (1.90±0.86, 1.48± 0.82 ) and PSQI score (7.21±1.85, 5.66±2.09) significantly improved ( t=3.64, 4.63, 2.27, 2.36, 3.29, P <0.05). The ratio of sleep to wakefulness decreased (25.54±7.86, 20.85± 5.13), the ratio of deep sleep (31.79±12.20, 38.32±10.19) and sleep efficiency (73.99±7.91, 78.68±5.12) increased significantly ( t=-2.12, -2.39, -2.21, P <0.05). Lean body mass [(38.55±2.95, 39.07±2.94)g] and basal metabolic rate [(1 257.45±41.14, 1 262.66 ±42.22)kcal] of the experimental group significantly increased after the intervention of medium high intensity aerobic pedal exercise ( F=5.95, 3.49, P <0.05). Total energy expenditure was positively correlated with subjective sleep quality and sleep efficiency ( r=-0.26, -0.44, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#The 8 week aerobic step exercise intervention can increase the daytime energy consumption and basic metabolism of female college students. Improve the sleep depth and efficiency of female college students, reduce sleep disorders, and then effectively improve sleep quality.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1233-1240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998221

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the effect of standardized training on post competency of rehabilitation therapists, based on World Health Organization rehabilitation competency framework (RCF), and combined with the characteristics of rehabilitation and the requirements of standardized training in China. MethodsFrom 2018 to 2022, a total of 30 rehabilitation therapists who participated in the standardized training were selected. Before and after the standardized training, the closed-book theoretical assessment and Mini-clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) assessment were carried out, and a 360-Degree Evaluation scale was distributed to their teachers, peers and patients. Through multi-dimensional post competency analysis, the data obtained from the scales were combined with the five dimensions of basic theoretical knowledge, clinical practice ability, medical humanities literacy, scientific research and teaching ability, and organizational management ability to analyze the effect of standardized training on post competency of rehabilitation therapists. ResultsAfter training, the therapists improved in theory and case analysis (Z > 2.716, P < 0.05). They also improved in medical interview skills, physical examination, humane care/professionalism, clinical judgment ability and overall clinical level (Z > 2.162, P < 0.05) according to Mini-CEX. The medical ethics, daily work, management ability, social ability, interpersonal communication ability, basic professional ability and operation ability improved (Z > 1.978, P < 0.05) according to the 360-Degree Evaluation scale. The effect of standardized training was significant in basic theoretical knowledge, clinical practice ability and medical humanities literacy by the post competency analysis model. ConclusionThe effect of standardized training of rehabilitation therapists is significant, and the therapists can be competent for daily work in diagnosis and treatment after training.

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Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 825-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997036

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the caries prevention effect of different fluoride application frequencies in 3-year-old children with active caries. MethodsA total of 337 3-year-old children with dental caries from 12 kindergartens in Changning District of Shanghai were divided into three groups: group 1 received fluoride application once every three months, group 2 received fluoride application once every six months, and the control group received no fluoride application. At baseline, parents completed a questionnaire survey, and oral examinations were conducted at baseline, 7 months, and 16 months after the fluoride intervention to assess the incidence of new dental caries, new dmft, and new dmfs of children. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between fluoride application and new dental caries, with new dental caries as the dependent variable and local fluoride application, child's gender, age in months, parents' highest education level, frequency of sugary intake (desserts, candies, sweet beverages), age of toothbrushing initiation, frequency of daily toothbrushing, use of fluoride toothpaste, parental assistance in child’s toothbrushing, and daily use of dental floss as the independent variables. ResultsThere were no significant differences in baseline general conditions and oral health behaviors among group 1 (121 cases), group 2 (123 cases) and the control group (93 cases) (all P>0.05). After 16 months' intervention, three children were lost to follow-up due to transferring schools. The new caries rates of group 1 (120 cases), group 2 (121 cases) and the control group (93 cases) were 5.83%, 24.79% and 52.69%, respectively. The incidence of new caries was significantly lower in group 1 compared to group 2 and the control group (P<0.001), and it was also significantly lower in group 2 compared to the control group (P<0.001). The newly-increased caries of group 1, group 2 and the non-fluoride control group were all 0.12 0.52, 0.36 0.68 and 1.16 1.39, respectively. The mean increment of new caries was lower in group 1 compared to group 2 (P=0.040) and the non-fluoride control group (P<0.001), and it was lower in group 2 compared to the non-fluoride control group (P<0.001). After adjusting for factors such as gender, parents' education level and child's oral health behaviors by multivariate logistic regression, the results showed that fluoride application once every three months could significantly reduce the risk of dental caries (OR=0.04, P<0.001). ConclusionLocal use of fluoride has a certain effect on the prevention and treatment of dental caries in children with active caries. Fluoride application once every three months effectively reduces the incidence of new caries and slows down the progression of caries lesions. It is suggested that local application of fluoride should be implemented once every three months for children with active caries.

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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DHRS4-AS1 and disease-free survival in osteosarcoma patients and the mechanisms of its effect on proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells in vitro.Methods:The data of DHRS4-AS1 transcriptome levels and survival status of osteosarcoma patients in GEPIA database were collected since the database was established, and the patients were divided into high DHRS4-AS1 expression group and low DHRS4-AS1 expression group based on the median DHRS4-AS1 transcriptome level, with 59 cases in each group, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the disease-free survival of the two groups. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of DHRS4-AS1 in osteosarcoma cell lines MG-63, HOS, 143B, U-2OS, Saos2 and normal osteoblast cell line hFOB1.19, and the osteosarcoma cell line with the lowest DHRS4-AS1 expression level was selected for subsequent experiments. The plasmid carrying DHRS4-AS1 sequence and the plasmid carrying negative control sequence were transfected into the selected osteosarcoma cells as DHRS4-AS1 group and control group. CCK-8 method was used to detect the proliferation of each group of cells, and the absorbance value was used as the cell proliferation ability; cell scratch assay was used to detect the migration of each group of cells. The bioinformatics website starBase V2.0 was used to predict the target genes of DHRS4-AS1, and the dual luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between DHRS4-AS1 and the target genes. The expression levels of target genes and downstream genes of osteosarcoma cells in control group and DHRS4-AS1 group were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting.Results:Survival analysis showed that the disease-free survival of osteosarcoma patients in the high DHRS4-AS1 expression group in GEPIA database was superior to that of the low DHRS4-AS1 expression group ( P < 0.001). Compared with normal osteoblastic hFOB1.19 cells, the expression level of DHRS4-AS1 was low in all osteosarcoma cells (all P < 0.01), with the lowest expression level of DHRS4-AS1 in U-2OS cells ( P < 0.001). Cell proliferation ability was reduced in U-2OS cells of the DHRS4-AS1 group after 1, 2, 3 and 4 d of culture compared with the control group (all P < 0.05). The migration rate of U-2OS cells in the DHRS4-AS1 group was lower than that in the control group [(31±6)% vs. (63±4)%, t = 4.38, P = 0.005]. starBase V2.0 website predicted that DHRS4-AS1 complementarily bound to miRNA-411-3p (miR-411-3p); dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that miR-411-3p overexpression reduced the luciferase activity of the wild-type DHRS4-AS1 reporter gene ( P < 0.001), but had no effect on the luciferase activity of the mutant DHRS4-AS1 reporter gene ( P > 0.05). qRT-PCR showed that the relative expression of miR-411-3p in U-2OS cells of the DHRS4-AS1 group was low (0.22±0.06 vs. 1.06±0.23, t = 3.55, P = 0.012) and the relative expression of metastasis suppressor MTSS1 mRNA was high (5.58±1.03 vs. 1.06±0.22, t = 4.28, P = 0.005) compared with the control group; Western blotting showed that MTSS1 expression was elevated, and the expression levels of cell proliferation phenotype proteins CDK3 and cyclin C and cell migration phenotype proteins ZEB2 and KLF8 were low. Conclusions:Osteosarcoma patients with high expression of lncRNA DHRS4-AS1 have better disease-free survival, and its expression is low in osteosarcoma cell lines. DHRS4-AS1 may promote MTSS1 gene expression and inhibit cell proliferation and migration by targeting and down-regulating miR-411-3p expression in osteosarcoma cells.

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