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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the transcriptional regulation mechanism and biological function of low expression of vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor 1 (VIPR1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*METHODS@#We constructed plasmids carrying wild-type VIPR1 promoter or two mutant VIPR1 promoter sequences for transfection of the HCC cell lines Hep3B and Huh7, and examined the effect of AP-2α expression on VIPR1 promoter activity using dual-luciferase reporter assay. Pyrosequencing was performed to detect the changes in VIPR1 promoter methylation level in HCC cells treated with a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor (DAC). Chromatin immunoprecipitation was used to evaluate the binding ability of AP-2α to VIPR1 promoter. Western blotting was used to assess the effect of AP-2α knockdown on VIPR1 expression and examine the differential expression of VIPR1 in the two cell lines. The effects of VIPR1 overexpression and knockdown on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of HCC cells were analyzed using CCK8 assay and flow cytometry. We also observed the growth of HCC xenograft with lentivirus-mediated over-expression of VIPR1 in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the wild-type VIPR1 promoter group, co-transfection with the vector carrying two promoter mutations and the AP-2α-over-expressing plasmid obviously restored the luciferase activity in HCC cells (P < 0.05). DAC treatment of the cells significantly decreased the methylation level of VIPR1 promoter and inhibited the binding of AP-2α to VIPR1 promoter (P < 0.01). The HCC cells with AP-2α knockdown showed increased VIPR1 expression, which was lower in Huh7 cells than in Hep3B cells. VIPR1 overexpression in HCC cells caused significant cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase (P < 0.01), promoted cell apoptosis (P < 0.001), and inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001), while VIPR1 knockdown produced the opposite effects. In the tumor-bearing nude mice, VIPR1 overexpression in the HCC cells significantly suppressed the increase of tumor volume (P < 0.001) and weight (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#VIPR1 promoter methylation in HCC promotes the binding of AP-2α and inhibits VIPR1 expression, while VIPR1 overexpression causes cell cycle arrest, promotes cell apoptosis, and inhibits cell proliferation and tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Luciferases/genetics , Methylation , Mice , Mice, Nude , Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide, Type I/metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-2/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express and purify the antigenic peptide of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid conserved regions in prokaryotic cells and prepare its rabbit polyclonal antibody.@*METHODS@#The DNA sequence encoding the conserved regions of AAV capsid protein was synthesized and cloned into the vector pET30a to obtain the plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR for prokaryotic expression and purification of the conserved peptides. Coomassie blue staining and Western blotting were used to identify the AAV conserved peptides. Japanese big ear white rabbits were immunized with AAV conserved region protein to prepare polyclonal antibody, with the rabbits injected with PBS as the control group. The antibody titer was determined with ELISA, and the performance of the antibody for recognizing capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10 was assessed with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#The plasmid pET30a-AAV-CR was successfully constructed, and a recombinant protein with a relative molecular mass of 17000 was obtained. The purified protein induced the production of antibodies against the conserved regions of AAV capsid in rabbits, and the titer of the purified antibodies reached 1:320 000. The antibodies were capable of recognizing a wide range of capsid protein sequences of AAV1-AAV10.@*CONCLUSION@#We successfully obtained the polyclonal antibodies against AAV capsid conserved region protein from rabbits, which facilitate future studies of AAV vector development and the biological functions of AAV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Capsid , Capsid Proteins/genetics , Dependovirus/genetics , Prokaryotic Cells , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940295

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the regulatory effect of Quyu Huatan Tongmai prescription on intestinal mircoflora of hyperlipidemia golden hamster and scientific evidence for the compatibility. MethodSyrian golden hamsters were randomized into normal, model, prescription, stasis-dispelling (Quyu), phlegm-dissolving (Huatan), and detoxification (Jiedu) groups, with 8 in each group. Hyperlipidemia in golden hamsters was induced by high-fat diet (4 weeks). Then hamsters in the Quyu group (1.11 g·kg-1), Huatan group (0.39 g·kg-1), Jiedu group (0.07 g·kg-1), and prescription group (1.42 g·kg-1) were given (ig) corresponding drugs and those in the normal group and the model group received (ig) distilled water of equivalent volume, once a day for 6 weeks. Serum lipids were determined, and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological morphology of the liver. Feces were collected for 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing of intestinal flora. ResultCompared with normal group, the model group demonstrated increase in body weight (P<0.05, P<0.01) and blood lipids (P<0.01), decrease in intestinal flora diversity (P<0.05, P<0.01), and variation of the relative abundance of intestinal flora at phylum, family, and genus levels (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Quyu Huatan Tongmai prescription controlled the body weight change, reduced the serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (LDL-C/HDL-C) (P<0.05, P<0.01), improved the structure of intestinal flora, decreased the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroides (P<0.01), raised the abundance of Bacteroidaceae, Porphyromonadaceae, Rikenellaceae, and Pasteurella (P<0.05, P<0.01), and lowered the relative abundance of Coriobacterium (P<0.05) in hyperlipidemia golden hamsters. All the split prescriptions improved blood lipids and intestinal flora of the hamsters and particularly, the lipids-lowering effect of the Jiedu group and the regulation of flora in the Huatan group were closer to those of the prescription group. ConclusionQuyu Huatan Tongmai prescription and the split prescriptions all alleviated the hyperlipidemia of golden hamsters to different degrees possibly by regulating intestinal flora structure and improving intestinal microecology. The effect of the prescription group was most significant, and coming in second was the Huatan group. This study also provides scientific evidence for the effect of Quyu Huatan Tongmai prescription.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1170-1173, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940101

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of cervical eccentric training on neck function of college students, and to provide basis for cervical spondylosis prevention.@*Methods@#Fifty two students from a medical college in Shanxi Province were recruited. Participants were divided into the neck eccentric training intervention group and the control group according to the random number table method, after stratified by sex. The intervention group received training for 25 min each time, 3 times a week for 6 weeks, and the control group received neck health education. Neck circumference, strength, range of motion, endurance and head and neck posture were measured before and after intervention.@*Results@#The interaction of strength anterior flexion, extension left fiexion and right flexion was significant( F=34.25, 55.96, 56.49, 37.13, P <0.05). After 6 weeks, the strength of the intervention group was anterior flexion(65.37±18.64)N, extension(87.61±21.38)N, left flexion(55.80±12.04)N, right flexion(55.87±11.83)N. After 6 weeks, the strength of the control group were (45.69±9.25), (53.34±9.45), (41.60±6.96) and(42.20±9.92)N, which were significantly lower compared to the intervention group( t =4.82, 7.48, 5.21, 4.52, P <0.01). The interaction of motion of anterior flexion, extension, left flexion and right flexion were significant( F=11.62, 8.83, 8.29, 6.57, P <0.05). After 6 weeks, the motion of intervention group had anterior flexion(53.54±7.28)°, extension(57.42±7.37)°, left flexion(40.77±4.14)°, right flexion(85.12± 6.35 )°. The corresponding motion levels of the control group were(45.35±9.55)°,(50.85±7.56)°,(37.19±5.86)°,(76.15±7.86)°. The intervention group was significantly higher than the control group( t=3.48, 3.18, 2.54, 4.52, P <0.05). Main effects on time were observed in neck circumference, right flexion and left rotation motion, neck endurance and head extension angle( F =15.79, 13.94, 35.90, 10.17, 8.61, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Six week neck eccentric training can significantly improve neck strength and range of motion, as well as neck circumference, neck endurance and head forward posture.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939988

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of an intelligent aerobic bicycle training on lower limb motor function, cardiopulmonary function and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with ischemic stroke at different courses. MethodsFrom November, 2019 to November, 2021, 138 ischemic stroke patients were stratified-randomly divided into control group (n = 69) and experimental group (n = 69). All the patients received medication and routine rehabilitation training, and the experimental group additionally received intelligent aerobic bicycle training, for eight weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), Six-minute Walk Test (6MWT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) before, and four weeks and eight weeks after treatment. ResultsThe performances of FMA-LE, VO2peak, 6MWT and MBI improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 6.763, P < 0.001), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.439, P < 0.05). For the patients beginning training less than one month after stroke, the performances of FMA-LE, VO2peak and 6MWT improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.036, P < 0.05); for those during one to three months, the performances of 6MWT and MBI improved more (|t| > 2.005, P < 0.05); for those during three to six months, the performances of all the tests were not significantly different (|t| < 1.303, P > 0.05). ConclusionIntelligent aerobic bicycle training may improve the lower limb motor function, cardiopulmonary function and ADL for patients with ischemic stroke, especially intervening earlier.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935814

ABSTRACT

Objective: A method for the determination of acetochlor and its metabolites in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established. Methods: After cleaned-up by a HLB extraction cartridges, the urine was eluted with 1% acetic acid acetonitrile solution. The target compounds were separated by ACQUITY UPLC®HSS T3 Column (2.1 mm×100 mm×1.8 μm) by using 1% formic acid solution and acetonitrile as mobile phase with gradient elution program, and analyzed in positive electrospray ionization mode by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results: All the target compounds showed good linear relationships in the range of 1-50 μg/L, and the correlation coefficients (r) were higher than 0.997. The recoveries rates at three different spiked levels for all target compounds in blank matrices were 107.6%-129.1%, and the relative standard deviations (RSD) were 1.5%-9.9% (n=6) . The limits of detection and quantitation of the method were 0.04-0.11 μg/L and 0.15-0.42 μg/L, respectively, and target substances were detected in all urine samples from occupational exposure workers to acetochlor. Conclusion: This method is suitable for rapid screening and analysis of acetochlor and metabolites in urine with the advantages of accuracy, rapidity, simplicity, high sensitivity and good specificity.


Subject(s)
Acetonitriles , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Humans , Solid Phase Extraction , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Toluidines
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935777

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characterist ics and risk factors of hemorrhage complicated by hemoperfusion therapy in patients with acute poisoning. Methods: In January 2021, the clinical data of 196 patients with acute poisoning who received hemoperfusion therapy in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed, and the patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group according to whether the patients were complicated with bleeding. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for hemorrhage in patients treated with hemoperfusion. Results: A total of 21 patients in the bleeding group and 175 patients in the non-bleeding group were included. There was no significant difference in general data such as gender, age, and body mass index between the two groups (P>0.05) . Organophosphorus pesticides (χ(2)= 4.56, P=0.030) , HA230 perfusion device (χ(2)=4.12, P=0.042) , platelet count (t=-2.33, P=0.009) and activated partial thromboplastin time (t=14.53, P<0.001) at 2 h of perfusion were the influencing factors of hemorrhage in patients with acute poisoning treated with hemoperfusion. Among them, organophosphorus pesticides, 2 h perfusion activated partial thromboplastin time ≥35 s and other factors were independent risk factors forcomplicated bleeding (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Patients with acute poisoning, especially organophosphorus pesticide poisoning, are at greater risk of bleeding during hemoperfusion therapy. Monitoring of changes in activated partial thromboplastin time should be strengthened and the dose of anticoagulants should be adjusted in time to reduce the risk of bleeding.


Subject(s)
Hemoperfusion , Hemorrhage/therapy , Humans , Organophosphorus Compounds , Pesticides , Poisoning/therapy , Risk Factors
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 424-430, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935406

ABSTRACT

Health impact assessment (HIA) system has been listed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan and the Law of Basic Health Care and Health Promotion of the People's Republic of China, however, the technique guideline of HIA needs to be established and improved. This paper summarizes the applications of different epidemiological methods in HIA and focus on the introduction of the application of ecology model of health social determinants as theory basis in the establishment of HIA system along with the introduction of HIA cases in the world. The applications of epidemiological methods in domestic HIA research are limited. Therefore, appropriate applications of epidemiological methods should be strengthened in HIA guideline and system development, especially the applications of big health data, mobile health techniques, systems epidemiology and implementation science, to facilitate data collection and potential health hazard evaluation and surveillance for HIA, establishment and improvement of HIA system and the implementation of Healthy China Strategy.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Methods , Health Impact Assessment , Health Promotion , Humans
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 471-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935172

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the postoperative cardiopulmonary fitness of children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 136 children after cardiac correction undergoing cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 1 to June 30, 2021 were selected. According to the surgical procedure, the children were divided into two groups: the biventricular correction group (BV group) (n=75) and single ventricular correction group (SV group) (n=61). The BV group was divided into two subgroups: simple congenital heart disease (S-CHD) group (n=35) and complex congenital heart disease (C-CHD) group (n=40). CPET parameters, including VO2 max, VO2/kg max, VO2/kg@AT, O2/HR max, HRR, PetCO2 max, CI, HRR at 1 min, VE/VCO2 slope, OUES/kg and EOV, were analyzed. CPET parameters of patients underwent different procedure were compared. In the subgroup analysis, CPET parameters of patients in S-CHD group and C-CHD group were compared. The parameters of the BV group were compared with the normal value. Linear correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between the CPET parameters. Results: A total of 136 children with CHD after surgery were enrolled. The age was (9.4±3.1) (ranged 6.2-16.0) years, and there was 84 (61.8%) male. All the children completed CPET examination safely without experiencing serious circulation abnormalities. Compared with the SV group, the VO2/kg max ((32.6±6.9) ml·kg-1·min-1 vs. (23.5±5.9) ml·kg-1·min-1, P<0.001), O2/HR max ((7.24±2.93) ml/beat vs. (6.35±2.17)ml/beat, P=0.030), HRR at 1 min ((32.5±13.9) beat/min vs. (26.3±12.5) beat/min, P=0.036), OUES/kg (36.9±8.8 vs. 29.7±11.8, P=0.001) were significantly higher, VE/VCO2 slope (29.1±5.20 vs. 35.1±8.0, P<0.001) and incidence of EOV (32.0%(24/75) vs. 57.4%(31/61), P=0.027) were significantly lower in BV group. Compared with the simple CHD subgroup, VE/VCO2 slope and the incidence of EOV were higher, VO2/kg max, O2/HR max, HRR at 1 min and OUES/kg were lower in the complex CHD subgroup (all P<0.05). Cardiopulmonary function parameters of the BV group were lower than the normal value. Linear correlation analysis showed that VO2/kg@AT was strongly correlated with VO2/kg max (r=0.86, P<0.001), VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001), HRR was strongly correlated with CI (r=0.91, P<0.001), and VO2/kg max was strongly correlated with OUES/kg (r=0.63, P<0.001). VE/VCO2 slope was strongly correlated with PetCO2 max (r=1.00, P<0.001). Conclusions: The exercise cardiopulmonary function of children after single ventricular correction is weaker than that of biventricular correction, and the exercise tolerance of children after biventricular correction is lower than that of normal children. Among the children after biventricular correction, the exercise tolerance of children with complex CHD is lower than that of children with simple CHD. Postoperative CPET is of important realistic significance for CHD children.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Exercise Test/methods , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Humans , Male , Oxygen Consumption , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using the sigma metrics calculated with the data of internal quality control for the comparison of the analytical performance between different biochemical analyzers.Methods:The internal quality control results of twenty-five biochemical assays in the biochemical analyzers of the department of clinical laboratory in Cancer Hospital from February 1, 2021 to July 31, 2021 were collected. The formula sigma =( TEa- Bias)/ CV was used to calculate the sigma metrics of two different levels of the biochemical assays including albumin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, calcium, cholesterol, creatine kinase, chlorine, creatinine, γ- glutamyltranspeptidase, blood glucose, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin M, potassium, lactate dehydrogenase, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, sodium, inorganic phosphorus, total bilirubin, triglyceride, total protein, urea, uric acid. The imprecision was obtained by the coefficient of variation of internal quality control. The bias was calculated by the deviation between the mean of internal quality control of the comparison instrument and the target instrument. The allowable total error ( TEa) was based on People's Republic of China Health Industry Standard (WS/T403-2012) or EQA standard of National Center for Clinical Laboratories (NCCL). Compared the sigma values of the comparison instrument relative to the target instrument with the average percentage bias obtained by the traditional comparison method. Quality goal index was used to analyze the causes of poor performance and judge the results of comparison. Results:Compared with the target instrument Beckman AU5800-3, the comparison instrument Beckman AU5800-1 had 10 assays with σ>6, accounting for 40%, 23 assays with σ>3, accounting for 92%, and only albumin and blood glucose showed σ<3. Through statostical analysis, the comparisons of all assays were passed. The comparison instrument Beckman AU5800-2 had 8 assays with σ>6, accounting for 32%, 20 assays with σ>3, accounting for 80%. Only alkaline phosphatase, calcium, lactate dehydrogenase, total protein and urea showed σ<3. Through statostical analysis, the comparisons of GGT and IgM failed. For the traditional comparison method, the percentage bias between the comparison instruments and the target instrument were all within the range of the evaluation standard. But there was no significant correlation between the σ value and the average bias of the traditional comparison method, and the biases were correlated.Conclusions:Using the sigma metrics calculated with the data of internal quality control for the comparison of different detection systems is a convenient and operable method. It can monitor the comparability between different detection systems in the laboratory at any time and be the supplement of the traditional comparison method.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of intracranial hemorrhage after implanting 125-iodine seeds for brain tumors.Methods:A total of 234 patients with intracranial tumors receiving treatment of 125-iodine seeds from March, 2013 to November, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into bleeding group and non-bleeding group according to whether postoperative intracranial hemorrhage was reported. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed by logistic regression to determine the independent risk factors of intracranial hemorrhage.Result:A total of 22 cases (9.4%) reported postoperative intracranial hemorrhage in 234 patients treated with 125-iodine seeds. Univariate analysis showed that the type of tumor and the history of anti-angiogenic drug within one month were possible risk factors ( P<0.1). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that anti-angiogenic drug within one month was the independent risk factor for intracranial hemorrhage ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of anti-angiogenic drugs within one month is the independent risk factor of intracranial hemorrhage with 125-iodine seeds for the treatment of brain tumors.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 685-695, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and validity of enriched autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and annular suture for repairing defect after lumbar discectomy.Methods:Enrichment of autologous BMSCs: autologous bone marrow blood was collected from 5 patients undergoing lumbar surgery, and nucleated cells were enriched on gelatin sponge particles by selective cell retention technique. From October 2016 to March 2019, 109 patients with lumbar disc herniation underwent discectomy with mobile microendoscopic discectomy technique, including 61 males and 48 females, aged 24-59 years. Discectomy group: 26 cases received simple discectomy. Suture group: 39 cases received annular suture after discectomy. BMSCs+suture group: 44 cases received intradisc transplantation of gelatin sponge particles enriched with autologous BMSCs and annular suture after discectomy. The perioperative conditions were recorded, with visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), Pfirrmann grade of disc degeneration, disc height and degree of herniationevaluated after operation.Results:In enrichment test with flow cytometry, the enrichment multiple of nucleated cells and target cells was 6.4±0.9 and 4.2±0.6 respectively, and BMSCs grew well in vitro. The operation time was 35-55 mins. 7 cases in the suture group were transferred to the discectomy group and 10 cases in the BMSCs+suture group were transferred to BMSCs group due to unsuccessful suture. There were no significant differences in VAS, ODI, Pfirrmann grade of disc degeneration, disc height and degree of herniation among the groups. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage and length of hospital stay. The incision was healed without redness and swelling. 18 patients were followed up for 6 months, and 91 cases were followed up for 1-3 years (25.0±5.6 months). There was no interbody fusion, heterotopic ossification or infection during follow-up. VAS and ODI decreased significantly after operation in all patients. At final follow-up, the VAS improvement rate of BMSCs+suture group (81.7%±7.9%) was higher than discectomy group (73.0%±8.9%), suture group (74.0%±6.9%) and BMSCs group (75.3%±8.4%); the ODI improvement rate of BMSCs+suture group (91.9%±8.8%) was higher than discectomy group (86.2%±8.1%) and suture group (86.4%±5.5%). According to MRI, the Pfirrmann grade of disc increased 0.7 in discectomy group, 0.6 in suture group, while it did not increased significantly in BMSCs+suture group and BMSCs group, and the progress of Pfirrmann grade in BMSCs+suture group and BMSCs group were lighter than discectomy group and suture group.The disc height decreased in each group, the loss rate of disc height in BMSCs+suture group (17.2%±4.3%) was less than discectomy group (29.3%± 6.3%) and suture group (20.6%±5.7%); and suture group was less than discectomy group. The degree of herniation was reduced by more than 50% in all groups, while 1 case in discectomy group had herniation without clinical symptoms.Conclusion:Autologous BMSCs and annulus suture are safe and effective in repairing the defect after lumbar discectomy, which may help to slow down the degeneration of intervertebral disc.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 678-683, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of MR elastography (MRE) and shear wave elastography (SWE) for staging liver fibrosis in a rabbit model.Methods:From March to November 2020, 200 healthy New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into control group ( n=40) and liver fibrosis group ( n=160) by random number table method. The volume ratio of CCl 4 and olive oil was 1∶1 to prepare 50% CCl 4 oil solution, and the experimental rabbits in the liver fibrosis group were subcutaneously injected with 50% CCl 4 olive oil solution. It was injected once a week at the dose of 0.1 ml/kg in the first to third weeks, once a week at the dose of 0.2 ml/kg in the 4th to 6th weeks. The dose of 0.1 ml/kg was injected twice a week from week 7 to 16. The control group were subcutaneously injected with an equal dose of normal saline. At the end of the 4th, 8th, 12th, and 16th week, 40 and 10 animals in the liver fibrosis group and the control group were randomly selected by random number table method for MRE and SWE, respectively, to obtain the liver elastic stiffness (LS), which were recorded as LS MRE and LS SWE. After the examination, the experimental rabbits were sacrificed and liver tissue of rabbits were taken for histopathological Scheuer staging, and they were divided into F0-F4 groups. One-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the differences of LS MRE and LS SWE in different stages of liver fibrosis. Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between LS and pathological stages. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the efficacy of LS MRE and LS SWE in diagnosing liver fibrosis staging, and the area under the curve (AUC) was compared using the Z test. Results:Totally 162 rabbits were included, which covered F0 ( n=38), F1 ( n=33), F2 ( n=35), F3 ( n=31) and F4 ( n=25). Significant differences of LS MRE and LS SWE values were found among different stages of liver fibrosis ( F=295.29, 102.40, both P<0.001). LS MRE, LS SWE were both positively correlated with liver fibrosis stage ( r=0.93, 0.81, both P<0.001). The AUC of LS MRE for diagnosing liver fibrosis stages ≥F1, ≥F2, ≥F3, and ≥F4 were 0.955, 0.967, 0.996, and 0.980, respectively; the AUC of LS SWE were 0.856, 0.880, 0.974, and 0.953, respectively. The AUC of liver fibrosis stage ≥ F1, ≥ F2 for LS MRE value were greater than LS SWE value ( Z=2.93, 3.29, P=0.003, 0.001), and the AUC of ≥F3, ≥F4 had no significant differences ( Z=1.58, 1.68, P=0.115, 0.093). Conclusion:Both MRE and SWE can accurately predict the stage of liver fibrosis in experimental rabbits, and MRE is better than SWE in diagnosing early liver fibrosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 320-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical results of modified posterolateral approach combined medial approach versus traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in open reduction and internal fixation of trimalleolar ankle fracture.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was used to analyze the clinical data of 46 patients with trimalleolar ankle fracture admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Military Medical University from June 2013 to June 2019, including 14 males and 32 females, at age of 19-71 years [(49.2±14.9)years]. There were 33 patients with supination-external rotation type IV ankle fracture and 13 with pronation-external rotation type IV ankle fracture according to Lauge-Hansen classification. Open reduction and internal fixation was performed through the modified posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in 25 patients (modified approach group), and through the traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach in 21 patients (traditional approach group). The visual analogue score (VAS) at 3 days and 1 week after surgery, fracture healing time, range of ankle flexion and extension and Baird-Jackson score at the final follow-up and postoperative complications (numbness of the affect limb, wound necrosis, etc.) were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-21 months [(14.8±2.2)months]. There was no statistical difference in VAS or fracture healing time at 3 days after surgery between the two groups (all P>0.05). The VAS was 3.0 (3.0, 4.0)points in modified approach group at 1 week after surgery, significantly lower than 4.0 (3.0, 5.0)points in traditional approach group ( P<0.05). At the final follow-up, there was no statistical difference in range of ankle plantarflexion between the two groups ( P>0.05), but range of ankle dorsiflexion was significantly greater in modified approach group [(11.8±2.8)°] than that in traditional approach group [(8.1±3.5)°] ( P<0.01). At the final follow-up, Baird-Jackson score was not statistically different between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were 4 patients with numbness and 2 with wound necrosis in traditional approach group, but no numbness or wound necrosis occurred in modified approach group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Both the modified posterolateral approach combined with medial approach and traditional posterolateral approach combined with medial approach can achieve good clinical results in open reduction and internal fixation of trimalleolar ankle fractures, but the former has advantages of better pain relief, better recovery of ankle dorsiflexion and less complications.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 155-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of early and late open reduction and internal fixation on multiple rib fractures.Methods:The related literatures of early and late open reduction and internal fixation of multiple rib fractures were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang database, VIP database and China Biology Medicine database. The retrieved literatures were screened according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The quality of the literature was strictly evaluated and Meta analysis was carried out by using Stata 15.0 software. The open reduction and internal fixation within 72 hours after injury (early operation group) and more than 72 hours after injury (late operation group) were compared in the incidence of pulmonary complications, chest pain improvement rate, duration of postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation, postoperative chest X-ray improvement time, postoperative bed rest time, duration of postoperative chest tube retention, length of hospitalization, operation time and mortality rate.Results:A total of 11 studies with 712 patients were included. There were 360 patients in early operation group and 352 patients in late operation group. The two groups showed significant differences in the incidence of pulmonary complications ( OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.16-0.37, P<0.01), chest pain improvement rate ( OR=6.15, 95% CI 1.63-23.27, P<0.01), duration of postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation ( SMD=-0.97, 95% CI -1.70--0.24, P<0.01), postoperative chest X-ray improvement time ( SMD=-15.91, 95% CI -18.42--13.41, P<0.01), postoperative bed rest time ( SMD=-11.07, 95% CI -12.31--9.84, P<0.01), duration of post-operative chest tube retention ( SMD=-0.98, 95% CI -1.77--0.20, P<0.05) and length of hospitalization ( SMD=-0.96, 95% CI -1.26--0.66, P<0.01). The operation time ( SMD=-2.44, 95% CI -4.89-0.02, P>0.05) and mortality rate ( OR=0.24, 95% CI 0.04-1.51, P>0.05) were not statistically different between the two groups. Conclusion:Early open reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of multiple rib fractures can reduce pulmonary complications and chest pain and shorten postoperative ventilator-assisted ventilation time, postoperative chest X-ray improvement time, postoperative bed rest time, duration of postoperative chest tube retention and hospital stay, but cannot shorten operation time or reduce mortality.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 362-367, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and characteristics of neonatal abnormal hemoglobinopathy in Wuhan and its surrounding areas.Methods:Dry blood spot samples of newborns (born from January 2020 to June 2021) sent to Hubei Neonatal Disease Screening Center were tested by hemoglobin capillary electrophoresis, and the newborns with abnormal hemoglobin bands were further tested for gene and statistically analyzed.Results:A total of 51 348 samples of neonatal dry blood spots were collected. According to electrophoresis analysis, abnormal bands were detected in 127 cases, and 78 cases were recalled for genetic test, the recall rate was 61.42%. Among them, 42 cases were diagnosed as abnormal hemoglobinopathy. Calculated according to the recall ratio, the detection rate of abnormal hemoglobinopathy was 0.13%. There were 11 cases of α-globin chain structural variation, most often were 3 cases of Hb Queens (27.27%) and 2 cases of Hb I (18.18%); moreover, there were 31 cases of β-globin chain structural variation, among which 11 cases of Hb J-Bangkok (35.48%), 8 cases of Hb E (25.81%) and 7 cases of Hb New York (22.58%) appeared more frequently. Among the 13 kinds of abnormal hemoglobins found, Hb I was located in N13/N(Bart) zone; Hb J-Bangkok and Hb J-Meerut were located in N12 zone; Hb New York and Hb Shenyang were located in N11 zone; Hb G-Coushatta, Hb G-Taipei and Hb Port Phillip were located in N5/N(D/G/K) zone; Hb Queens, Hb G-Honolulu and Hb Ottawa were located in N4/N(S) zone; Hb Montgomery and Hb E were located in N3/N (E) zone.Conclusion:The incidence of neonatal abnormal hemoglobinopathy in Wuhan and its surrounding areas is low, and main type of abnormal hemoglobin is β-globin chain structural variation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF) in children.Methods:Clinical data of 71 pediatric patients diagnosed with congenital CAF at Department of Cardiology and Department of Cardiac Surgery, Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2013 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The median age was 2.2 years (0.1-14.0 years), and the median body weight was 18.3 kg (3.2-55.8 kg), including 37 males (52.1%) and 34 females (47.9%). They were divided into the transcatheter closure group (30 cases) and surgical repair group (41 cases). The therapeutic effect and follow-up data of the 2 groups were compared by the Fisher′ s exact test. Results:Among the 71 congenital CAF children, 70 had heart murmurs, 2 had chest tightness after activity, and 5 were prone to recurrent respiratory tract infection.Transcatheter closure and surgical repair were successfully performed in 22/30 (73.3%) and 41/41 (100.0%) cases with a statistically significant difference ( P=0.001). However, in the surgical repair group, 1 (2.4%) case died after operation and 2(4.9%) needed further transcatheter closure due to large residual shunt during the follow-up period.At the last follow-up, there were 2 cases with minimal or small residual shunt in both groups ( P=0.567). There were 2/71(2.8%) cases suffering from postoperative thrombosis. Conclusions:Cardiac murmur is the main sign of congenital CAF in children, and some of them may have frequent respiratory tract infection due to increased lung blood caused by a large amount of shunt.A few children have chest tightness and chest pain due to myocardial ischemia caused by coronary steal.Both percutaneous closure and surgical repair are safe and effective with few complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in efficacy between transsylvian-transinsular approach and transcortical-transtemporal approach for hematoma evacuation in the treatment of severe basal ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage in young adults.Methods:Young adult patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage in the basal ganglia region underwent craniotomy hematoma removal in Ankang Central Hospital from February 2012 to February 2021 were retrospectively enrolled. The Glasgow Outcome Scale score was used to evaluate the outcome at 6 months after onset. 4-5 were defined as good outcome and 1-3 were defined as poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of the poor outcomes. Results:A total of 51 patients were enrolled. Their median age was 41 (interquartile range 39-43) years, and 29 were men (56.8%). The median Glasgow Coma Scale score at admission was 6.0 (interquartile range 5.5-7.0), and the median baseline hematoma volume was 38.0 ml (34.5-47.5 ml). Twenty-one patients (41.2%) were in the transsylvian-transinsular approach group and 30 (58.8%) were in the transcortical-transtemporal approach group. There were no significant differences in demographics, vascular risk factors and baseline clinical data between the transsylvian-transinsular approach group and the transcortical-transtemporal approach group. Compared with the transcortical-transtemporal approach group, the amount of intraoperative bleeding and hematoma residue in the transsylvian-transinsular approach group were less, the proportion of patients requiring decompressive craniectomy was lower (33.3% vs. 63.3%; χ2=4.449, P=0.035), and the duration of dehydration medication and hospital stay were shorter (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the good outcome rate between the two groups (66.7% vs. 56.7%; χ2=0.518, P=0.472). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower scores of Glasgow Coma Scale at admission (odds ratio 0.128, 95% confidence interval 0.017-0.977; P=0.047) and longer hospital stay (odds ratio 1.402, 95% confidence interval 1.065-1.844; P=0.016) were independently associated with the poor outcomes. Conclusion:For young adult patients with severe basal ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage who underwent hematoma removal, although there was no significant difference between the outcomes of patients with transsylvian-transinsular approach and transcortical-transtemporal approach, the former had more advantages.

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Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 209-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ixazomib-based therapy for multiple myeloma.Methods:The data of 32 patients with multiple myeloma treated with isazomib-based regimen in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from December 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among 32 patients, 17 cases were relapsed/refractory, and the remaining 15 cases had initial treatment. The treatment regimens included ID (isazomib + dexamethasone), IRD (isazomib + lenalidomide + dexamethasone) and ICD (isazomib + cyclophosphamide + dexamethasone). The short-term curative effect and adverse reactions of relapsed/refractory patients and patients at initial onset were analyzed.Results:The overall response rate (ORR) of relapsed/refractory patients was 52.9% (9/17), of which 6 cases achieved complete remission (CR), 2 cases achieved very good partial remission (VGPR) and 1 case achieved partial remission (PR). The ORR of refractory patients receiving bortezomib therapy was 40.0% (4/10). The ORR of patients at initial onset who could be evaluated the curative effect was 100.0% (14/14), including 9 cases of CR, 2 cases of VGPR and 3 cases of PR. After treatment, 2 patients (6.2%) had grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ adverse events (1 case of herpes zoster and 1 case of thrombocytopenia), and none of the patients had grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ peripheral neuropathy.Conclusion:Isazomib is effective and safe in the treatment of initially treated and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 246-261, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929291

ABSTRACT

The first rate-limiting enzyme of the serine synthesis pathway (SSP), phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH), is hyperactive in multiple tumors, which leads to the activation of SSP and promotes tumorigenesis. However, only a few inhibitors of PHGDH have been discovered to date, especially the covalent inhibitors of PHGDH. Here, we identified withangulatin A (WA), a natural small molecule, as a novel covalent inhibitor of PHGDH. Affinity-based protein profiling identified that WA could directly bind to PHGDH and inactivate the enzyme activity of PHGDH. Biolayer interferometry and LC-MS/MS analysis further demonstrated the selective covalent binding of WA to the cysteine 295 residue (Cys295) of PHGDH. With the covalent modification of Cys295, WA blocked the substrate-binding domain (SBD) of PHGDH and exerted an allosteric effect to induce PHGDH inactivation. Further studies revealed that with the inhibition of PHGDH mediated by WA, the glutathione synthesis was decreased and intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were elevated, leading to the inhibition of tumor proliferation. This study indicates WA as a novel PHGDH covalent inhibitor, which identifies Cys295 as a novel allosteric regulatory site of PHGDH and holds great potential in developing anti-tumor agents for targeting PHGDH.

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