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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879092

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from fruiting bodies of Ganoderma calidophilum by various column chromatographic techniques, and their chemical structures were identified through combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. As a result, 11 compounds were isolated and identified as(24E)-lanosta-8,24-dien-3,11-dione-26-al(1), ganoderone A(2), 3-oxo-15α-acetoxy-lanosta-7,9(11), 24-trien-26-oleic acid(3),(23E)-27-nor-lanosta-8,23-diene-3,7,25-trione(4), ganodecanone B(5), ganoderic aldehyde A(6), 11β-hydroxy-lucidadiol(7), 3,4-dihydroxyacetophenone(8), methyl gentiate(9), ganoleucin C(10), ganotheaecolumol H(11). Among them, compound 1 is a new triterpenoid. The cytotoxic activities of all of the compounds against tumor cell lines were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1, 3, 4 and 6 showed cytotoxic activity against BEL-7402, with IC_(50) values of 26.55, 11.35, 23.23, 18.66 μmol·L~(-1); compounds 1 and 3-6 showed cytotoxic activity against K562, with IC_(50) values of 5.79, 22.16, 12.16, 35.32, and 5.59 μmol·L~(-1), and compound 4 showed cytotoxic activity against A549, with IC_(50) value of 42.50 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Fruiting Bodies, Fungal , Ganoderma , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes/pharmacology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827972

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated from the ethanol extract of Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum by various chromatographic techniques, including column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic techniques as S-3'-hydroxy-7,2',4'-trimethoxyisoxane(1), 2-(2',4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-6-hydroxybenzofuran(2), 2-(2'-hydroxy-4'-methoxyphenyl)-6-methoxybenzofuran(3), 7,2',4'-trimethoxydihydroisoflavone(4), sativanone(5), 3,9-dimethoxy-6H-benzofuro[3,2-c]chromen-6-one(6),(6 aS,11 aS)-homopterocarpin(7),(6 aS,11 aS)-8-hydroxy-3,9-dimethoxypterocarpan(8),(6 aS,11 aS)-3,8,9-trimethoxypterocarpan(9), isodalbergin(10), isoliquiritigenin(11), butein(12), butin(13) and 3,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone(14). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, while 2 and 3 were new natural products, 6, 8, 9 and 14 were isolated for the first time from Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum. Compounds 1-14 were tested for their cytotoxic activity against human hepatoma cell line BEL-7402, human gastric cancer cell line SCG-7901, human lung cancer cell line A549, human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line K562 and HeLa human cervical cancer cellline by MTT method. Compound 1 exhibited significant cytotoxicity with IC_(50) values ranging from 2.85 to 11.62 μg·mL~(-1). In addition, 2, 11 and 12 showed weak cytotoxic activities.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , HeLa Cells , Humans
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773097

ABSTRACT

Two sesquiterpenes were isolated from the agarwood originating from Gyrinops salicifolia with various chromatographic techniques, and their structures were determined as 12-hydroxy-dihydrocyperolone(1) and(rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-9-en-12,8α-olide(2), through a combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic evidence. Compound 1 was a new compound. Compound 2 showed cytotoxicities against K562 and BEL-7401 cell lines, with IC_(50) values of(17.85±0.04) and(21.82±0.07) mg·L~(-1), respectively [taxol as positive control, with IC_(50) values of(1.97±0.11) and(6.31±0.08) mg·L~(-1)].


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology , Thymelaeaceae , Chemistry , Wood , Chemistry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771512

ABSTRACT

Six compounds were isolated from the aerial part of cultivated Clerodendranthus spicatus in Hainan with various chromatographic techniques,and their structures were determined as:1-dehydroxy-1-oxo-rupestrinol(1),N-trans-feruloyltyramine(2),methyl 3,4-dihydroxyphenyllactate(3),caffein acid(4),methyl caffeate(5) and ethyl caffeate(6),via analysis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic evidence.Compound 1 was a new compound,while compounds 2 and 3 were isolated from C.spicatus for the first time.Biological activity results showed that compounds 2-4 exhibited α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with different inhibition ratio.


Subject(s)
China , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane , Pharmacology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338228

ABSTRACT

In order to study the chemical constituents of n-butanol fraction of ethanol extract from Chinese agarwood induced by artificial holing, various chromatographic techniques were carried out to isolate compounds, and the structures of compounds were determined through a combined analysis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic evidence. Seven compounds were obtained and identified as selina-3,11-dien-9,15-diol (1), aquilarone D (2), 5α,6β,7α,8β-tetrahydroxy-2-[2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrochromone (3), 6,7-dimethoxy-2-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]chromone (4), syringin (5), methyl (Z)-p-coumarate (6), and 4'-methoxycinnamic acid (7), among which compound 1 was a new compound and compounds 5-7 were isolated from agarwood for the first time. The bioactivity assay results concluded that compounds 6 and 7 showed certain nematicidal activity against Panagrellus redivivus, and compounds 4, 6 and 7 exhibited cytotoxicity against BEL-7402, SGC-7901 and A549 carcinoma cell lines.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320800

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated from the artificially induced dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana by various column chromatographies on silica and sephadex LH-20 gel. Based on spectral analysis of NMR and MS, their structures were identified as 3, 4-dihydroxyallylbenzene (1), 3', 4', 5'-trimethoxycinnamylalcohol (2), pinoresinol (3), (2R)-7, 4'-dihydroxy-8-methylflavane (4), (2R)-7,4'-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-8-methylflavane(5),(2S)-7,3'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-methylflavane(6) ,(2S)-4',7-dihydroxy-6, 8-dimethylflavane(7), 4,2',4'-trihydroxychalcone(8), 4,4'-dihydroxy-2-methoxydihydrochalcon(9) and Cambodianin E (10). Antibacterial activity assay showed that compounds 1, 4 and 10 have inhibitory effect on Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cuben, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum and Ralstonia solanacearum.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Dracaena , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Fusarium , Molecular Structure , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300217

ABSTRACT

Fourteen compounds were isolated from Dalbergia odoriferae and purified by repeated column chromatography on silica and sephadex LH-20 gel and structurally identified by spectral analysis. These compounds were identified as 4, 9-dimethoxy-3-hydroxypterocarpan (1), medicarpin (2), 2', 4', 5-trihydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavone (3), 2', 3', 7-trihydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavan (4), formononetin (5), 3, 8-dihydroxy-9-methoxypterocarpan (6), koparin (7), 3-hydroxy-9-methoxypterocarp-6a-ene (8), 2'-hydroxyformononetin (9), stevenin (10), 2', 7-dihydroxy-4', 5'-dimethoxyisoflavone (11), lyoniresinol (12), 2, 4-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-benzophenone (13) and neokhriol A (14). Compounds 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 14 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Antibacterial activity assay showed that compound 4 had inhibitory effect on Ralstonia solanacearum.


Subject(s)
Anisoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzophenones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Chromatography , Methods , Dalbergia , Chemistry , Dextrans , Gels , Isoflavones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Naphthalenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Pterocarpans , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Ralstonia solanacearum , Silica Gel
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321371

ABSTRACT

The chemical investigation on Ganoderma philippii led to the isolation of sixteen compounds by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. On the basis of spectroscopic data analyses, their structures were elucidated as 2, 5-dihydroxyacetophenone (1), methyl gentisate (2), (S) -dimethyl malate (3), muurola-4, 10 (14) -dien-11beta-ol (4), dihydroepicubenol (5), 5-hydroxymethylfuran carboxaldehyde (6), ergosta-7, 22E-dien-3beta-ol (7), ergosta-7, 22E-dien-3-one (8), ergosta-7, 22E-diene-2beta, 3alpha, 9alpha-triol (9), 6/beta-methoxyergo-sta-7, 22E-dien-3beta, 5alpha-diol (10), ergosta-4, 6, 8(14), 22E-tetraen-3-one (11), ergosta4, 6, 8-(14), 22E-etetraen-3beta-ol (12), 5alpha, 8alpha-epidioxy-ergosta-6, 22E-dien-3beta-ol (13), 7alpha-methoxy-5alpha, 6alpha-epoxyergosta-8-(14), 22E-dien-3beta-ol (14), ergosta-8, 22E-diene-3beta, 5alpha, 6beta, 7alpha-tetraol (15), and ergosta-5, 23-dien-3beta-ol, acetate (16). All the compounds were obtained from this fungus for the first time, and compounds 4 and 5 were isolated from the Ganoderma genus for the first time.


Subject(s)
Ganoderma , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Organic Chemicals
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812294

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To study the chemical constituents from the fermentation of the endophytic fungus HP-1 of Chinese eaglewood.@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Four compounds were isolated and identified as 3α, 3β, 10β-trimethyl-decahydroazuleno[6, 7]furan-8, 9, 14-triol (1), 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (2), 4-hydroxyphenethyl alcohol (3), and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxaldehyde (4).@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 1 was a new compound. Compound 2 showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Endophytes , Chemistry , Fungi , Chemistry , Phenylacetates , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Thymelaeaceae , Microbiology , Wood , Microbiology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812261

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To investigate the chemical constituents in the stems of Trigonostemon heterophyllus.@*METHOD@#The chemical constituents were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel, Rp-18, and Sephadex LH-20, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Three compounds were isolated and identified as a new diterpene, trigonoheterene B (1), together with two known compounds, trigonostemone (2) and trigonochinene B (3).@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 1 is new. Compounds 2 and 3 showed antibacterial activities.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Euphorbiaceae , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1688-1691, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298025

ABSTRACT

To investigate the chemical constituents of the endophytic fungus Penicillium sp. FJ-1 of Ceriops tagal, the chemical constituents were isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Their antibacterial activity was tested by paper disco diffusion method. Two compounds were isolated and identified as 7-hydroxy-deoxytalaroflavone (1), and deoxytalaroflavone (2). Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 1 and 2 showed weak activity against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flavones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Molecular Structure , Penicillium , Chemistry , Rhizophoraceae , Microbiology , Staphylococcus aureus
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238638

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the constituents from the stems of Aquilaria sinensis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chemical constituents were isolated by various column chromatographic methods. The structures were identified by spectral analysis including NMR and MS data.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Sixteen compounds were isolated and identified as threo-buddlenol C (1), thero-ficusesquilignan A (2), erythro-buddlenol C (3), (+/-) buddlenol D (4), (-) medioresinol (5), (-) pinoresinol (6), 5'-methoxy lariciresinol (7), erythro-guaiacylglycerol-beta-coniferyl ether (8), thero-guaiacylglycerol-beta-coniferyl ether (9), herpetin (10), (+) syringaresinol (11), curuilignan (12), ciwujiatone (13), coniferyl alcohol (14), 3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenol (15) and cucurbitacin (16).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All the compounds, except for 11-13 were obtained from A. sinensis for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Furans , Chemistry , Lignans , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Thymelaeaceae , Chemistry
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate possible mechanism of toxicarioside A in HS-5 bone stromal cells.@*METHODS@#HS-5 bone stromal cells were cultured in media supplemented with various concentrations of toxicarioside A or control DMSO (not treatment). Endoglin and TGF-β were detected by Northern and Western blot analysis and quantified in a standard method. Downstream molecules of endoglin and TGF-β (Smad1, Smad2 and their active phosphorylated counterparts, pSmad1 and pSmad2) were also detected and quantified by Western blot analysis. In addition, cell proliferation assay and small interfering RNA (siRNA) against endoglin were used to certificate the function of endolgin in the HS-5 cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the not treated (0 μg/mL) or DMSO treated control HS-5 cells, HS-5 cells treated with toxicarioside A were found significant attenuation of endolgin and TGF-β expression. Significant inhibition of cell proliferation was also found in the HS-5 cells treated with toxicarioside A. ALK1-related Smad1 and ALK5-related Smad2 were decreased in HS-5 cells treated with toxicarioside A. In addition, phosphorylated Smad1 (pSmad1) and Smad2 (pSmad2) were also found attenuation in toxicarioside A-treated HS-5 cells. RNA interference showed that blockage of endoglin by siRNA also decreased Smad1 and Smad2 expression in HS-5 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results indicate that toxicarioside A can influence bone marrow stromal HS-5's function and inhibit HS-5 cell proliferation by alteration of endoglin-related ALK1 (Smad1) and ALK5 (Smad2) signaling.


Subject(s)
Antiaris , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Blotting, Northern , Blotting, Western , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Cardenolides , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Endoglin , Humans , Male , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Smad1 Protein , Metabolism , Smad2 Protein , Metabolism , Stromal Cells , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether cytochalasin D can induce antitumor activities in a tumor model.@*METHODS@#Murine CT26 colorectal carcinoma cells were cultured in vitro and cytochalasin D was used as a cytotoxic agent to detect its capabilities of inhibiting CT26 cell proliferation and inducing cell apoptosis by MTT and a TUNEL-based apoptosis assay. Murine CT26 tumor model was established to observe the tumor growth and survival time. Tumor tissues were used to detect the microvessel density by immunohistochemistry. In addition, alginate encapsulated tumor cell assay was used to quantify the tumor angiogenesis in vivo.@*RESULTS@#Cytochalasin D inhibited CT26 tumor cell proliferation in time and dose dependent manner and induced significant CT26 cell apoptosis, which almost reached the level induced by the positive control nuclease. The optimum effective dose of cytochalasin D for in vivo therapy was about 50 mg/kg. Cytochalasin D in vivo treatment significantly inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the survival times in CT26 tumor-bearing mice. The results of immunohistochemistry analysis and alginate encapsulation assay indicated that the cytochalasin D could effectively inhibited tumor angiogenesis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cytochalasin D inhibits CT26 tumor growth potentially through inhibition of cell proliferation, induction of cell apoptosis and suppression of tumor angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Cytochalasin D , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Mice , Microvessels , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Tumor Cells, Cultured
15.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686338

ABSTRACT

Seventy-two endophytic fungi isolated from Cephalotaxus hainanensis Li were screened for antitumor and antimicrobial activities. The results showed that 9 strains presented cytotoxic activities to at least one of the tested tumor cells, five strains exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, one strain had inhibitory effect on Phytophthora parasitica. It was evidently that the endophytic fungi of C. hainanensis are potential resources to find valuable bioactive components.

16.
Microbiology ; (12)2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686032

ABSTRACT

Seventy-two strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from the healthy bark, branches and leaves of Cephalotaxus hainanensis L.. Sixty-eight of them were morphologically classified into Fungi Imperfecti, thirty-three sporulated were identified to five genera. For those did not sporulate, one was identified to Rhizoctonia sp., the rest were tentatively classified into Mycelia Sterilia. Four were identified to Basidiomycetes. The result indicated the endophytic fungi of C. hainanensis show a degree of tissue specificity. There were significant differences about the quantity, genera and composition between the fungi isolated from bark and those from branches and leaves.

17.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686166

ABSTRACT

The volatile oils of endophyte isolates R1 (Acremonium sp.) and R2 (Acremonium sp.) from Aqui-laria sinensis were extracted by solvent method. Twenty and sixteen ingredients were identified from the volatile oils of R1 and R2 by GC-MS, respectively. Fatty acids, such as oleic acid, linoleic acid, hexa-decanoic acid etc., were the main components, whereas terpenoids like 1,8-cineole, zingiberene, ar-curcumene were also found in both oils. It’s the first report about the volatile oil constituents of endophyte isolates from A. sinensis.

18.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685092

ABSTRACT

The hexane extract from marine actinomycetes 124092 showed potent inhibition on B16 cell line by MTT assay. The hexane extract was fractionationed on silica gel column by vacuum liquid chromatography to afford 6 fractions(Fr1~Fr6), and Fr6 showed cytotoxic activity. To determine the bioacitve components of hexane extract, Fr6 was analyzed by GC/MS. The main components were identified as palmitic acid (11.76%), oleic acid (12.16%), linoleic acid (14.77%), and lactobacillic acid (61.31%). It have been reported that palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid possess cytotoxic activity on rat ascites tumor cells and linoleic acid have suppressive effect on human lung adenocarcinoma cells.

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