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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1049-1054, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992666


Objective:To investigate the basic characteristics and treatment of aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft in Xi'an Red Cross Hospital from 2013 to 2020.Methods:The data were analyzed retrospectively of the patients with aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Red Cross Hospital Affiliated to Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2013 to December 2020. The patients' data from 2013 to 2016 were assigned into group A while those from 2017 to 2020 into group B. The data like gender, age and nonunion were statistically analyzed and compared between the 2 groups.Results:A total of 311 patients with aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft were diagnosed and treated during the 8 years, accounting for 54.6% (311/570) of the femur nonunion, 32.8% (311/949) of the lower extremity nonunion, 25.0% (311/1,242) of the extremity nonunion, and 22.7% (311/1,370) of the whole body nonunion. There were 244 males and 67 females; the majority of patients were in the age group of 21 to 50 (67.2%, 209/311). The occupation distribution was the most common in farmers (49.2%, 153/311). Traffic injury was the most common cause for primary fractures (40.8%, 127/311). The most common type of injury was closed injury (89.4%, 278/311); the most common type of nonunion was atrophic nonunion (87.8%, 273/311); intramedullary nailing was the main treatment for primary fractures (54.3%, 169/311); channel osteogenesis was the main treatment for secondary nonunion (62.1%, 193/311); autologous iliac bone grafting was the most common grafting for atrophic nonunion (83.5%, 228/311). Compared with group A, the proportion of aseptic nonunion of femoral shaft in group B increased by 9.2% in the femoral nonunions, by 6.9% in the lower extremity nonunions, and by 6.0% in the extremity nonunions, and by 5.2% in the whole body nonunions, showing statistically significant differences ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the types of nonunion, occupational distribution, first-stage fracture treatment, second-stage nonunion treatment, and bone grafting method between the 2 groups ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:The patients with aseptic nonunion of the femoral shaft were more common in young and middle-aged male heavy manual laborers, and the condition was increasing in recent years. The channel osteogenesis technique was still the preferred treatment method in the hospital investigated.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1118-1125, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869064


Nonunion of femur is a common complication after intramedullary nail operation of femoral fracture, with an incidence of 1% to 12.5%. At present, the treatment of femoral nonunion is mainly divided into surgical treatment and non-operative treatment, and surgical treatment is the first choice. The gold standard for surgical treatment of femoral nonunion is replacement of intramedullary nail, but for non-isthmus femoral nonunion, larger diameter intramedullary nail could not solve the problem of rotation and angular displacement of the broken end of nonunion. For malnourished nonunion, atrophic nonunion and bone nonunion with large bone defect, the replacement of intramedullary nail and autogenous bone graft are not enough to eliminate the gap between the broken ends and increase the contact area between the broken ends. It cannot provide a good biological environment for the broken ends. Because the replacement of intramedullary nail does not expose the broken ends of bone nonunion, and the corresponding tissue cannot be taken for bacteriological culture, so it is difficult to judge whether the broken end sare complicated with infection. The double plate technique is to find the site of bone nonunion under direct vision, and two plates are placed with different angles. This paper reviews the literature related to the treatment of femoral nonunion with double plate technique published at home and abroad in the past 10 years, and concludes that double plate fixation combined with autogenous iliac bone graft provides a three-dimensional fixation model for the healing of nonunion. It has the characteristics of strong stability and plays an active role in improving the biological behavior and mechanical stability of the fracture ends. The operation is beneficial to the flexion and extension of the knee joint, with the characteristics of high healing rate, low complication rate, effective pain relief and so on.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 192-196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863291


With the development of social economy, high-intensity energy is the direct cause of fracture, such as traffic accident, fall injury and tumble. Fracture healing is affected by many factors, such as malunion, delayed union, nonunion and wound infection. Tibial fractures are usually caused by high-energy mechanisms and can also be caused by low-energy mechanisms of ankle rotation. With the gradual deepening of orthopedic surgeons′ understanding of bone nonunion, the treatment of tibial nonunion is mainly divided into surgical treatment and non-operative treatment. Surgical treatment is generally the first choice for the treatment of bone nonunion, in which plate internal fixation plays an unique advantage in the treatment of tibial nonunion. By reviewing the recently published literature, this paper reviews the latest progress in the treatment of tibial nonunion with plate internal fixation.