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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910163


Objective:To analyze the clinical data of pregnant women complicated with cardiovascular disease in our center in the past 10 years, and to explore the trend of incidence, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of the disease.Methods:Clinical data of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease who delivered in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2010 to 2019 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. According to the time of the establishment of multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the center, the pregnant women were divided into the first 5-year group (2010-2014) and the second 5-year group (2015-2019). The general data, the composition of pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease and the changes of maternal and infant outcomes of the two groups were analyzed.Results:(1) During 2010-2019, there were 2 267 cases of pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease (836 cases in the first 5-year group and 1 431 cases in the second 5-year group), with a total incidence of 10.2% (2 267/22 334). Among all kinds of cardiovascular diseases, arrhythmia (41.0%, 930/2 267) and congenital heart disease (38.2%, 865/2 267) were more common. (2) There were 212 cases (25.4%, 212/836) and 426 cases (29.8%, 426/1 431) classified as Ⅲ or Ⅳ by modified WHO cardiovascular risk classification in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 =5.076, P=0.024). Among all kinds of cardiovascular diseases, there were 111 cases (13.3%, 111/836) and 159 cases (11.1%, 159/1 431) with valvular disease in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group, respectively. The change of the component ratio was -16.5% (the difference was significant when the absolute value of change>10%), showing a significant decreasing trend. Aortic disease was found in 16 cases (1.9%, 16/836) and 56 cases (3.9%, 56/1 431), respectively, with a significant upward trend of 105.3%. (3) The mortality rate of pregnant women with cardiovascular disease was 1.0% (22/2 267), and 1.2% (10/836) and 0.8% (12/1 431) in the first 5-year grouop and the second 5-year group, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.702, P=0.402). ICU occupancy rates in the first 5-year group and the second 5-year group were 25.6% (214/836) and 20.7% (296/1 431), respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=7.306, P=0.007). There were no significant differences in cesarean section rate, mortality rate and incidence of adverse events between the two groups of pregnant women, and there were no significant differences in birth weight, preterm birth rate, mortality rate and asphyxia rate between the two groups of newborns (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pregnancy complicated with cardiovascular disease is a common cause of adverse obstetric outcomes. There are various types of specific cardiovascular diseases, and the prognosis varies greatly. In recent years, the disease composition ratio has changed, and the severity and complexity of diseases have increased. Hierarchical management, MDT and individual management could improve the treatment level and reduce adverse outcomes.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509462


Objective To explore the safety and feasibility of endoscopic-assisted inguinal lymphadenectomy via a small incision (3 cm) for vulvar carcinoma . Methods From September 2013 to December 2015, local wide excision and endoscopic-assisted inguinal lymphadenectomy via a 3-cm incision was performed to treat vulvar carcinoma in 6 women.There were 2 cases of unilateral operation and 4 cases of bilateral operations .A small incision (3 cm) was made in the groin.The skin edge was lifted to separate subcutaneous tissue and obtain a surgical exposure .Then endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy was conducted . Results The surgeries were successful in all the 6 patients, with no conversion to open surgery or intraoperative secondary injury .The operation time of inguinal lymphadenectomy was 60-90 min (78.3 ±14.7 min), and the blood loss was 20-40 ml (31.6 ±9.8 ml).The number of lymph nodes desected was 3-13 (8.7 ±3.0) in each side.Pathological examinations showed squamous cell carcinoma . The FIGO staging showed 2 cases of stage ⅠB and 4 cases of stage Ⅱ.The postoperative stitches removal time was 7-9 d (7.8 ±0.7 d) .No surgical complications , such as incision disruption , delayed healing , inguinal skin necrosis , or lower extremity lymphedema , were recorded during a 3-12 months (6.5 ±4.4 months) of follow-up.No tumor recurrence or metastasis was found . Conclusions Endoscopic-assisted inguinal lymphadenectomy via mall incision in the treatment of vulvar carcinoma is effect , safe and feasible .It achieves radical effects .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494606


[Abstrict]Objective To explore the key points and clinical value of combined direct and indirect extracranial-in?tracranial (EC-IC) bypass in patients with adult moyamoya disease. Methods Retrospective analysis of combined revas?cularization surgery in 25 adult patients with moyamoya disease. The frontal branch and parietal branch of the superficial temporal artery (STA) were dissected. Combined revascularization surgery consisted of direct (anastomosis between the su?perficial temporal artery and cortical branch of the middle cerebral artery) and indirect (encephalodurogaleosynan-giosis EDAS) surgeries. Clinical status was evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale and NIHSS score at 1 day before, 1 week and 3 months after surgery. Results Thirty lateralities were successfully performed on 25 patients. Postoperative angiogra?phy or CTA and cranial computer tomography perfusion imaging(CTP) were conducted to examine the patency of the di?rect anastomosis and cerebral blood flow in 23 patientswithin 1 weeks after surgery . The results showed that the anasto?motic vascular patency was excellent and the cerebral blood flow increased in parallel to the relief of the patients’s isch?emic symptoms. The median mRS scores were 3 (1,3) before surgery, 2 (1,3) 1 week and 1 (0,3) 1 month after surgery.The median mRS scores were significantly improved (Z=15.14, P<0.01). The median NIHSS scores was 5 (4,8) preopera?tively and 4(2,7) postoperation 1 week and 3(1,4) 3 months. The median NIHSS scores were also significantly improved (Z=11.36, P<0.01). Unfortunately, two patients had complication and left hemiparesis. One patient complicated with con?tralateral hemisphere infarction and the another one complicated with ipsilateral hemispheric hemorrhage after operation. Conclusions Combined revascularization surgery may result in satisfying improvement in clinical, angiographic, and he?modynamic states and prevention of recurrent stroke. The stabilized hemodynamic is the key point in peroperative period for moyamoya patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452413


Objective To study the impact of severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) on pregnancy outcome and to investigate the effect of multidisciplinary approach during pregnancy on the pregnancy outcome in pregnant woman with severe IPAH.Methods Between March 2007 and November 2013,10 pregnant women with severe IPAH undergoing treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were studied retrospectively.Hemodynamic measurements,medical therapy,manner of delivery,anesthetic administration,multidisciplinary management and outcomes were assessed.Results All 10 cases were first diagnosed at the mean of (24 ± 3) weeks during the pregnancy.The systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) estimated by transthoracic echocardiography was (95.6 ± 1.3) mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa).Seven cases of class Ⅲ and 3 cases of class Ⅳ were recorded by World Health Organization functional class.One patient underwent pregnancy termination at gestational age of 21 weeks with no maternal death or complications,nine patients continued pregnancy and all the patients underwent cesarean section.The mean pregnancy length was (31 ± 5) weeks.Nine had cesarean deliveries during continuous epidural anesthesia,and one during general anesthesia.There were three maternal deaths in hospital (5,2,3 days postpartum),and seven patients were alive,and the average hospitalization days was (8 ± 4) days.One fetus lost with cesarean section.Two were term delivery,and seven cases were premature delivery.The average weight is (1 948 ± 731) g and nine were alive and no malformation.Conclusions Because of maternal mortality in patients with severe IPAH remains prohibitively high,patients should continue to be counseled to avoid pregnancy.Women with severe IPAH who become pregnancy should be followed by multidisciplinary approach,and cesarean deliveries during continuous epidural anesthesia are a relatively safe way for pregnancy termination in patients with severe IPAH.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404019


Objective To study transcerebellomedullary fissure approach to the fourth ventricle and the lateral brainstem without splitting vermis and depict its adjacent structure, and provide clinicians with anatomical information.Methods Five cadaveric heads fixed with formaldehyde and perfused with color latex in their arteries and veins were dissected with microsurgical anatomical skills. The composition of cerebellomedullary fissure and the distribution of the tela choroida, the inferior medullary velum and the posterior inferior cerebellar artery, and study anatomic base of this approach.Results Cerebellomedullary fissure is a natural anatomical gap which is located between the cerebellar tonsil, biventral lobule and medulla oblongata. The tela choroida and inferior medullary velum do not contain nerve tissue, and thus can be dissected to expose the fourth ventricle. The tonsil- medulla segment and telovelotonsillar segment of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery are the most important blood vessels of the cerebellomedullary fissure approach.Conclusions The transcerebellomedullary fissure approach can reach the fourth ventricle and dorsal brain stem through normal anatomic spaces without splitting the vermis, thus reducing the post-operative complications.