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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993291


Objective:To study the strategies in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic tumors in children.Methods:The clinical data of 18 children with pancreatic tumor managed at the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from March 2015 to September 2020 were retrospectively studied. There were 8 males and 10 females, age ranged from 3 months to 14 years and 11 months, with a median age of 8 years and 2 months. Clinical data including age, gender, pathological data, surgical methods, chemotherapy, tumor location and treatment outcomes were collected. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient visits and by telephone.Results:Abdominal ultrasound, enhanced CT and/or MRI examinations were performed on all these patients, with findings of either a cystic or solid lesion of pancreas. All patients were treated by laparotomy under endotracheal intubation and general anesthesia. The operations were all completed successfully. Among the 18 patients, there were 11 patients with solid pseudopapillary tumors and 7 patients with pancreatoblastoma (PBL). The tumors were located in the head of the pancreas in 13 patients (including 3 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 1 patient who underwent resection of the head of the pancreas with preservation of the duodenum, and 9 patients who underwent resection of the tumors). The tumors were located in the body and tail of the pancrease in 5 patients (including 3 patients who underwent resection of the body and tail of the pancreas with preservation of spleen, and 2 patients who underwent resection of tumors). Because of huge tumors, 1 patient had bilateral lung, left supraclavicular fossa lymph node and retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, 3 patients were confirmed to have PBL by biopsy, and these tumors were resected completely after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Postoperative pathology showed that all the 3 patients had PBL and were given systematic chemotherapy. Postoperative pancreatic fistula occurred in 1 patient and chylous fistula in another patient, both were discharged home successfully after conservative treatments. All patients were followed-up for 2-7 years, and all children were tumor-free.Conclusion:It is not difficult to diagnose pediatric pancreatic tumors by ultrasound, CT and MRI before operation, and postoperative pathology was needed to confirm the diagnosis. Function-preserving surgical resection was the treatment of choice for pancreatic tumors in children.

Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2410-2429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981209


The current linear economy model relies on fossil energy and increases CO2 emissions, which contributes to global warming and environmental pollution. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop and deploy technologies for carbon capture and utilization to establish a circular economy. The use of acetogens for C1-gas (CO and CO2) conversion is a promising technology due to high metabolic flexibility, product selectivity, and diversity of the products including chemicals and fuels. This review focuses on the physiological and metabolic mechanisms, genetic and metabolic engineering modifications, fermentation process optimization, and carbon atom economy in the process of C1-gas conversion by acetogens, with the aim to facilitate the industrial scale-up and carbon negative production through acetogen gas fermentation.

Fermentation , Gases/metabolism , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Metabolic Engineering , Carbon/metabolism
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 221-227, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932766


Objective:To compare the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) versus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The medical literatures on LH and RFA for HCC were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, VIP, Wanfang, CNKI and other electronic databases. The retrieval date was from database construction to June 7, 2021. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, studies were extracted by two authors, and Revman 5.3 software was used to conduct a meta-analysis to compare differences in operation time, blood loss, length of hospital stay, total complications, overall survival and disease-free survival outcomes between the LH group and the RFA group.Results:Of 3 690 patients who were included in 32 studies, there were 1 708 patients in the LH group and 1982 patients in the RFA group. Meta-analysis showed that compared with the LH group, the RFA group had significantly shorter surgical duration ( MD=-86.41, 95% CI: -116.21--56.60), less blood loss ( MD=-213.22, 95% CI: -273.43--153.00), shorter hospital stay ( MD=-3.23, 95% CI: -4.13--2.32), and lower incidence of complications ( OR=0.33, 95% CI: 0.26-0.43). However, local recurrence rate was significantly higher ( OR=1.83, 95% CI: 1.38-2.41). (All P<0.05). The 5-year survival rate of the LH group was significantly better than the RFA group ( OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.51-0.90, P=0.008). Conclusion:LH provided better overall survival outcomes and lower local recurrence rates than RFA in HCC patients.

Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 566-569, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693556


Radiomics and radiogenomics are used to provide comprehensive tumor biological characte-ristics and further clinical information by extracting,screening and analyzing the most valuable quantitative ra-diomics features. In recent years,numerous studies have shown that radiomics plays a role in the diagnosis, treatment and predicting efficacy and prognosis of lung cancer. Radiogenomics shows a great value in the pre-diction of lung cancer gene phenotype and individualized precision treatment by combining radiomics features with genomics,proteomics and so on. Radiomics and radiogenomics are non-invasive,quantitative,and repro-ducible,and they can provide multidirectional tumor biological characteristics,which are expected to be widely used in the precise medical treatment of lung cancer in the future.