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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 469-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the effectiveness of the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery for repairing defects after periocular malignant tumor resection.@*METHODS@#Between January 2015 and December 2020, 15 patients with periocular malignant tumors were treated. There were 5 males and 10 females with an average age of 62 years (range, 40-75 years). There were 12 cases of basal cell carcinoma and 3 cases of squamous carcinoma. The disease duration ranged from 5 months to 10 years (median, 2 years). The size of tumors ranged from 1.0 cm×0.8 cm to 2.5 cm×1.5 cm, without tarsal plate invasion. After extensive resection of the tumors, the left defects in size of 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 3.5 cm×2.0 cm were repaired with the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery via subcutaneous tunnel. The size of the flaps ranged from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 5.0 cm×2.0 cm. The donor sites were separated subcutaneously and sutured directly.@*RESULTS@#All flaps survived after operation and the wounds healed by first intention. The incisions at donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (median, 11 months). The flaps were not obviously bloated, the texture and color were basically the same as the surrounding normal skin, and the scars at recipient sites were not obviously. There was no complication such as ptosis, ectropion, or incomplete closure of the eyelids and recurrence of tumor during follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery can repair the defects after periorbital malignant tumors resection and has the advantages of reliable blood supply, flexible design, and good morphology and function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Arteries/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Perforator Flap/blood supply
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1532-1538, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous studies have revealed that the number of cancer survivors developing a second primary malignancy is increasing, especially among thyroid cancer patients, and lung cancer is still the main cause of cancer death. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the risk of second primary lung cancer (SPLC) in patients with thyroid cancer.@*METHODS@#We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus databases up to November 24, 2021, for relevant research and merged the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) to evaluate the risk of developing SPLC in patients with thyroid cancer.@*RESULTS@#Fourteen studies involving 1,480,816 cases were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled result demonstrated that thyroid cancer patients may have a higher risk of SPLC than the general population (SIR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.07-1.36, P  < 0.01, I2  = 81%, P  < 0.01). Subgroup analysis stratified by sex indicated that female patients may have a markedly higher risk of SPLC than male patients (SIR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.40-1.94, P  < 0.01, I2  = 75%, P  < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thyroid cancer patients are more likely to develop SPLC than the general population, especially women. However, other risk factors must be investigated, and more prospective studies are needed to confirm our results.@*REGISTRATION@#International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews: No. CRD42021285399.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neoplasms, Second Primary/pathology , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Incidence
3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 235-248, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929091

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have revealed great functional and structural heterogeneity in the ribbon-type synapses at the basolateral pole of the isopotential inner hair cell (IHC). This feature is believed to be critical for audition over a wide dynamic range, but whether the spatial gradient of ribbon morphology is fine-tuned in each IHC and how the mitochondrial network is organized to meet local energy demands of synaptic transmission remain unclear. By means of three-dimensional electron microscopy and artificial intelligence-based algorithms, we demonstrated the cell-wide structural quantification of ribbons and mitochondria in mature mid-cochlear IHCs of mice. We found that adjacent IHCs in staggered pairs differ substantially in cell body shape and ribbon morphology gradient as well as mitochondrial organization. Moreover, our analysis argues for a location-specific arrangement of correlated ribbon and mitochondrial function at the basolateral IHC pole.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Artificial Intelligence , Cochlea/metabolism , Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner , Mitochondria , Synapses/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 565-569, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912803

ABSTRACT

The development of information technology in the medical industry is accelerating the construction of 3-level rehabilitation networks centering on community-based rehabilitation, which is based on the Internet and in combination with the Internet of things(IOT). A municipal rehabilitation hospital cooperated with the health centers of sub-district communities in the city to build a remote rehabilitation network based on IOT technology, for rehabilitation training of community stroke patients. The two sides worked out a cooperation scheme on project management, designed and built a remote community rehabilitation management model. Under the remote monitoring and equipment data IOT, the medical team of the municipal rehabilitation hospital could formulate the therapeutic plan according to the immediately obtained relevant functional evaluation data, and the medical team of the community health service center was responsible for the implementation of the plan. Fifty-three patients in the experimental group received the training of remote lower limb intelligent feedback system based on IOT together with routine rehabilitation training. After 8 weeks of treatment, the functional evaluation data of the two groups were improved in varying degrees( P< 0.05), but the improvement of the experimental group was significantly better than that of the control group( P < 0.05). Remote rehabilitation under the construction path of remote rehabilitation network based on IOT technology could significantly promote the improvement of post-functional rehabilitation of community stroke patients. This study can provide reference for the construction of three-level remote rehabilitation networks based on IOT and the implementation of home-based remote rehabilitation therapy in the future.

5.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 778-789, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898203

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

6.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 778-789, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890499

ABSTRACT

Background@#Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is the most common thyroid dysfunction, and its relationship with blood pressure (BP) has been controversial. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between SCH and newly-diagnosed hypertension. @*Methods@#Based on data from the Thyroid disease, Iodine nutrition and Diabetes Epidemiology (TIDE) study, 49,433 euthyroid individuals and 7,719 SCH patients aged ≥18 years were enrolled. Patients with a history of hypertension or thyroid disease were excluded. SCH was determined by manufacturer reference range. Overall hypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension were diagnosed according to the guidelines issued by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association in 2017. @*Results@#The prevalence of overall hypertension (48.7%), including stage 1 (28.9%) and 2 (19.8%) hypertension, increased significantly in SCH patients compared with euthyroid subjects. With elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level, the hypertension prevalence also increased significantly from the euthyroid to different SCH subgroups, which was more profound in females or subjects aged <65 years. The age- and sex-specific regression analysis further demonstrated the same trends in the general population and in the 1:1 propensity matched population. Similarly, several BP components (i.e., systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial BP) were positively associated with TSH elevation, and regression analysis also confirmed that all BP components were closely related with SCH in female subjects aged <65 years. @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of hypertension increases for patients with SCH. SCH tends to be associated with hypertension and BP components in females younger than 65 years.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1389-1392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822198

ABSTRACT

At present, there is still a lack of uniform treatment strategies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Immunotherapy, especially PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors, is a novel therapy for HCC and can bring survival benefits to patients with advanced HCC. However, research data show that only a small number of HCC patients can benefit from this treatment regimen. To date, few biomarkers have been reported to predict the clinical effect of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in HCC patients. This article reviews the biomarkers studied for HCC and other tumors and explores the possible predictive factors for the clinical effect of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in HCC, in order to optimize the selection of treatment population and improve the clinical effect of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of HCC.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1485-1487, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Based on the information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model theory, the structural equation model(SEM)was used to analyze the effect of using new media to carry out AIDS health education among young students.@*Methods@#Stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select 2 561 students from four colleges in Yantai to conduct a questionnaire survey, and to carry out various forms of new media AIDS health education for the intervention group. Data were analyzed with structural equation model.@*Results@#After intervention,the awareness rate of AIDS were 85.9% and 94.0% respectively(χ2=46.67,P<0.01). The structural equation model fits well, and the fitted indices were: RMSEA=0.04, GFI=0.97, AGFI=0.96, IFI=0.97, CFI=0.98. The direct effects of new media interventions on prevention information and prevention motivation were 0.30 and 0.65 respectively. The influence of information and motivation on preventive behavior was mainly reflected through the indirect effect of behavioral skills. The overall effects of standardization were 0.09 and 0.29 respectively. The overall effect of behavioral skills on preventive behavior was 0.80, which was the main factor affecting HIV prevention behavior.@*Conclusion@#The use of new media to carry out AIDS health education among young students had a significant effect. Motivation promotion should be used as a new breakthrough point for future work, and information, motivation, and behavioral skills should be used to promote the prevention of AIDS prevention among young students.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 874-877, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of simvastatin combined with rivaroxaban on pharmacokinetics of rivaroxaban in rats. METHODS: Thirty rats were randomly divided into rivaroxaban group (intragastric administration of normal saline+rivaroxaban 2.6 mg/kg), simvastatin+rivaroxaban group (intragastric administration of simvastatin 5.3 mg/kg+rivaroxaban 2.6     mg/kg), with 15 rats in each group. The rats were given normal saline/simvastatin intragastrically for 5 d, once a day, and then given intragastric administration of rivaroxaban+normal saline/simvastain once. The blood samples were collected from orbital cavity of rats before medication and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 h after medication. The plasma concentration of rivaroxaban was determined by LC-MS/MS. Plasma concentration-time curves were drawn, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were fitted by DAS 2.1.1 software. RESULTS: The pharmacokinetic parameters of rivaroxaban group and simvastatin+rivaroxaban group in rats included that AUC0-24 h were (2 599.86±791.82) and (2 777.74±989.25) ng·h/mL; AUC0-∞ were (3 053.28±        1 116.06) ng·h/mL and (3 396.78±1 409.80) ng·h/mL; t1/2 were (8.06±3.52) h and (9.25±4.18) h; tmax were(0.65±0.28) h and (0.60±0.13) h; CLZ were (0.95±0.32) L/(h·kg) and (0.88±0.34) L/(h·kg); Vd were(10.37±4.43) L/kg and (11.07±4.48)      L/kg; cmax were (424.93±145.30) ng/mL and (507.15±132.40) ng/mL. Compared with rivaroxaban group, AUC0-24 h, AUC0-∞, t1/2, Vd and cmax of simvastatin+rivaroxaban group increased by 6.40%, 10.11%, 12.86%, 6.32%, 16.21%; tmax and CLZ decreased by 8.33% and 7.95%. There was no significant difference (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is no significant change in pharmacokinetic parameters of rivaroxaban in rats after combination of simvastatin (5.3 mg/kg) and rivaroxaban (2.6 mg/kg).

10.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 199-205, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514572

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the optimal concentration of Wnt-11 to induce the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs)into cardiomyocyte-like cells in vitro.Methods BMMSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of SD rats using whole bone marrow culture method.After cultured for 48 h, BMMSCs of the second generation were utilized for directed induction.Based on the final concentration of Wnt-11 , BMMSCs were divided up into Group A (100 ng/mL),Group B (200 ng/mL),Group C (400 ng/mL)and Group D (blank control).After 72-hour induction,the cells were cultured in complete medium for 4 weeks while cells in Group D were cultured only in the complete medium.The morphological changes were observed under the phase contrast microscope.Surface antigen expression of BMMSCs was identified by flow cytometry.When cells were cultured for 4 weeks,the expressions of Desmin,Connexin43 and cTnI were detected by immunocytochemistry. Meanwhile, the ultrastructural changes were observed using transmission electron microscope. The mRNA expressions of cardiac transcription factors GATA-4,Nkx2.5 andα-MHC in BMMSCs were detected by RT-qPCR at 1,2 and 4 weeks after induction.Results Primary BMMSCs formed cell colonies at 2 weeks;the cells were mainly fusiform or star-shape,and a few irregularly-shaped ones were also visible.The passaged cells were larger than those of primary culture.After induction,the cells exhibited long shuttle-shape and were aligned in parallel. Flow cytometery displayed that the positive rate of the surface antigens of BMMSCs CD29,CD45,and CD90 was 97.9%,0.4% and 99.5%,respectively.When BMMSCs-induced via Wnt-11 were cultured for 4 weeks,Desmin, cTnI and Connexin43 were all positively expressed in induction groups.Whereas in the blank control group they were slightly positive or negative;the positive rate in Group B was the highest (P<0 .05 ).Transmission electron microscopy exhibited that organelles such as rough endoplasmic reticulum,mitochondria,as well as some ribosomes were visible in the cytoplasm of these cells in each induction group.In addition,myofilaments were arranged in parallel in the cytoplasm.The cells in induction groups could express GATA-4 and Nkx2 .5 in the first week,and then the expression of them decreased in the second week,but then increased in the fourth week;gene expression in induction Group B was significantly higher than in the other two induction groups (P<0 .05 ).The expression of GATA-4 and Nkx2 .5 in Group D was 1 ,α-MHC was not expressed in the four groups during the culture period. Conclusion Wnt-11 can induce the differentiation of BMMSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells in vitro,and the optimal concentration of Wnt-11 is 200 ng/mL.

11.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 25-29, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ethical practices in individual supervision of counseling in China.Method:Forty-one graduate students and 38 participants of the China American Psychoanalytic Alliance (CAPA) were included in this study.The Ethical Practices in Supervision Scale (EPSS) was used for the investigation.The scale included two parts.The first part was to investigate supervisors'ethical practices,and the second part focused on supervisees'impact from unethical supervisors.Results:The findings showed that 7 out of 28 items in the scale were significantly different between two groups.CAPA participants' supervisors performed better than graduate students' supervisors (P < 0.05) in supervision scheduling,ethics discussion,and counselor/therapist role.Graduate students' supervisors performed better than CAPA participants' supervisors (P < 0.05) in live supervision,audio/video review,informing clients of supervisee's status as trainee,and supervision contract.If individuals experience their supervisors being unethical or unprofessional,more than 55 percent of the individuals responded to negatively affect their thoughts toward their supervisor and the supervisory alliance,and almost 50 percent of the individuals responded to negatively impact their emotion and quality of their counseling for clients.Conclusion:Both graduate students and CAPA participants respond that their supervisors perform well in both monitoring supervisees' performance and maintaining appropriate boundaries.However,both of them should work more on reviewing video or audiotapes of supervisees' sessions regularly.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 170-173, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511125

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the recovery of affected side kidney function after upper urinary tract obstruction was relieved Methods 78 patients who had been diagnosed with upper urinary tract obstruction were enrolled from January to December of 2015 in our hospital.All patients received the surgery to relieve the obstruction.GFR of the affected side kidney was done after one months of the surgery.The average age was(51.3 ± 12.8)years old.The reason of obstruction was upper urinary tract calculi (72 cases) and upper urinary tract stenosis (6 cases) respectively.All the patients received CT and ECT before and after operation.All the patients was divided into 3 groups by the decreased degree of affected side kidney function,including moderately decreased group [15 rnl/min ≤ GFR < 30 ml/min,n =43,mean value =(23.1 ±5.0) mL/min],severely decreased group [7.5 rnL/min≤ GFR < 15 ml/min,n =23,mean value =(11.2 ± 2.3) ml/min],and extreme severely decreased group [GFR < 7.5 ml/min,n =12,mean value =(4.3 ± 2.9)ml/min].Linear correlation analysis was used to analysis the relationship analysis between the GFR value (pre-operation,post-operation) and the renal cortical thickness.The follow up time of extreme severely decreased group extended to 8-12 months.Results The GFR of moderate decreased group recovered to(30.6 ± 8.5) ml/min,regained averagely (7.56 ± 7.62) ml/min;the severely decreased group recovered to (13.1 ± 4.5) ml/min,regain (1.94 ± 3.38) ml/min.Extreme severely decreased group recovered to (11.1 ± 3.4) ml/min,regained averagely (6.75 ± 4.76) rnl/min,the GFR mean value after operation 8-12 months recovered to (12.7 ± 3.6) ml/min.All groups got significant recovery of kidney function of the affected side.The correlation coefficient between GFR value and the renal cortical thickness was 0.59 (before the surgery) and 0.70 (after the surgery) respectively (P < 0.05).Conclusions Most of affected side kidneys got different degree of recovery.Obstruction influenced the accuracy of ECT at the time of evaluating the actual renal function before operation.The kidneys which had been supposed should be resected in presurgical evaluation could recover to the level of kidney reserve after the surgery.

13.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 30-34, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn the cognition and attitudes of psychometric ethics of graduate students whose major was clinical psychology or counseling psychology,and to investigate whether ethics training could influence their cognition and attitude.Methods:Researchers distributed the questionnaire online regarding cognition and attitudes of psychometric ethics among clinical and counseling psychology graduate students.Seventy-six feedbacks were collected (4 students were learning ethics courses,27 students had learned ethics courses,45 students hadnt learned ethics courses).The questionnaire included the Psychometric Cognition Questionnaire (PCQ),Situational Judgement Questionnaire (SJQ) and Psychometric Attitude Questionnaire (PAQ).The first two sets of questionnaires reflected ethics knowledge.The last one showed ethics attitudes and behavioral tendencies.Results:The correct rates in participants who had learned or were learning ethics were 76.5% and 75.1% at the first and second set of questionnaires,while were 73.9% and 74.2% in other participants.The correct rates of three major clauses in PCQ were 90.3%,67.7% and 74.2%,significantly higher than participants who never learned ethics,whose correct rates were 88.9%,66.7%,and 44.4% (Ps < 0.05).There were no significant differences in SJQ between those who had learned or was learning ethics and those who had never learned ethics (Ps >0.05).Participants who had learned or were leaning ethics scored in sum in PAQ that had no significant differences with those who had never learned ethics(Ps > 0.05).Conclusion:Clinical and counseling psychology graduate students master considerable level of knowledge on ethics and attitude.Ethics training is essential for acquiring psychometric ethics.

14.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 58-63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510909

ABSTRACT

Objects:To investigate the current situation of counselors'implementation and their attitude to informed consent in Beijing.Methods:Eleven counselors who worked in Beijing were interviewed,the average of their working years was (7.4 ± 4.4).A semi-structured interview was used to learn about their practicing processes in and viewpoints on informed consent,and their interview transcripts were analyzed through qualitative method.Results:The results could be categorized into four categories,including the content of informed consent,the influential factors of informed consent,problems and confusions,and the significance of informed consent.The crucial role of informed consent in psychotherapy was generally recognized by counselors,and they could obey the related rules as well.The therapists had some confusion and problems about informed consent,such as the form and length,the consent for special population and online consultation.Conclusion:Basically,the counselors in Beijing could comply with the ethical standards of informed consent.However,they also suggest that certain limitations of these rules should be noticed.

15.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 669-672, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499990

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarise and analyze the clinical effecacy of endovascular treatment(internal holmium laser incision,bal-loon dilation,ureter dilator,rigid ureter dilation)for ureteral stricture.Methods The clinical data of 628 patients from January 2010 to Jan-uary 2015 in our hospital were analyzed.The relevant operation indicators,postoperative complications and recovery condition were recorded and analyzed.Results The operation time was 5.5 to 29 minutes,with average time of 16.5 minutes,no ureteral avulsion,ureteral fragmen-tation and massive haemorrhage happened.All patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months,591 cases(94.1%)were cured,29 cases (4.6%)of postoperative stricture recurrence received endovascular treatment again,8 patients(1.3%)conversion to open ureterolithotomy. Conclusion Endovascular treatment of ureteral stricture is diversified within holmium laser incision,it has the advantages of shorter opera-tion time,fewer complications,less trauma,repeatability and so on,which is an effective and safe treatment method.

16.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3470-3472, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482669

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the method of primary culture and biological characteristics of aortic vascular smooth mus-cle cells (VSMC)in mice,providing experimental material for cellular and molecular scientific research of vascular disease. Methods Thoracic and abdominal aortas in mice were isolated and VSMC were obtained by using improved method of tissue piece inoculation.Digested with trypsin and passaged,VSMC were purified with differential adherence method.The conditions of cellular morphology and growth were observed under inverted phase contrast microscope,and VSMC were identified with hematoxylin-eosin (HE)staining and immunofluorescence.Results VSMC were isolated successfully and grown vigorously with good bioactivity,the cells had a radial or typicalpeak-valleylike growth,and showed fusiform,abundant cytoplasm with large and round or oval nucle-us by HE staining,the expressions of specific cytoplasmicα-smooth muscle actin were positive by immunofluorescence stain.Conclu-sion It can isolate and cultivate VSMC with high purity and good activity under in vitro conditions with simple,economical,reliable method.

17.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 620-622, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the correlation among cardiac function ,inflammation factor and plasma testoster‐one level in aged male patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) .Methods :A total of 91 male CHF inpatients were selected from our hospital ,including 31 cases with NYHA cardiac function class Ⅱ ,30 cases with class Ⅲ and 30 ca‐ses with class Ⅳ .Another 40 corresponding male patients without CHF were regarded as non‐CHF control group . Plasma levels of testosterone ,interleukin (IL)‐6 ,tumor necrosis factor (TNF)–α and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac function were compared between two groups .Results:Compared with non‐CHF control group , there were significant reductions in plasma testosterone level , P<0. 05 or 0. 01 ,and they more reduced along with NYHA cardiac function class rose in all CHF subgroups ,P<0.05 or <0.01 .Correlation analysis indicated that tes‐tosterone level was inversely correlated with IL‐6 and TNF‐α levels (r= -0.244 , -0.322 , P<0.05 both) ,and positively correlated with LVEF (r=0.322 ,P=0.01) .Conclusion:In patients with chronic heart failure ,the poo‐rer cardiac function is ,the lower plasma testosterone level is .Testosterone level measurement contributes to judging disease degree and prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure .

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3317-3320, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481421

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) by balloon dilatation between unipedicular and bilateral pedicle approach for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). Methods From January 2012 to March 2014, 56 patients with single-level or double- level OVCF were randomly divided into two groups. 29 patients with 33 vertebral bodies were performed by PKP through unipedicular approach and 27 patients with 31 vertebral bodies through bipedicular approach , used PMMA bone cement filling vertebral. The clinical data of patients were prospectively analyzed and the clinical efficacy was compared between two groups. Results The VAS scores, Beck value, Cobb angle and ODI scores after operation improved in both groups (P 0.05). The operative time, X-ray exposure time and volume of bone cement in unilateral group were less than that of bilateral group(P 0.05). Conclusion Both unipedicular and biopedicular PKP are significant improvement for the OVCF, vertebral strengthen showed similar efficacy, but the former has easy operation procedure, can shorten operative time and reduce X-ray exposure time and less volume of bone cement.

19.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 688-690, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479145

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the anti-asthma mechanism of water extract of Portulaca oleracea L( WEPO) related toβand M receptors.Methods Rabbits of 2.0 -2.5 kg were selected,whose isolated tracheal rings were prepared.The effect of WEPO on tracheal smooth muscle tension was evaluated using tracheal smooth muscle contraction frequency and contraction amplitude as indexes.Aminophylline( Ami) was used as a positive control medicine and propranolol( Pro) as theβreceptor blocking agent to observe the relaxation effect on tracheal smooth muscle of WEPO related to βreceptors. Acetylcholine chloride( AChCl) was used as the agonist for M receptors and atronine( Atr) as the M receptor blocking agent to observe the relaxation effect on tracheal smooth muscle of WEPO related to M receptors.Results ①The contraction frequency and amplitude of isolated tracheal smooth muscle in each dose group of WEPO were significantly lower after treatment.The difference was statistically significant(P 0.05 ) .⑤These indexes in Atr+WEPO group were not different those in WEPO group ( P >0.05 ) .Conclusion WEPO has relaxation effect on isolated tracheal smooth muscle of rabbits,which is related toβreceptors rather than M receptors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 59-63, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464119

ABSTRACT

To improve the clinical teaching work, the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) was first introduced into the periodontal clinical assessment held by Departments of Periodon-titis and Mucosal Disease. With the OSCE exam station and item pool established, standardized pa-tients tralned, the examination form reformed, the knowledge, skill, and attitude of the examinee were assessed comprehensively. Compared with traditional exam,the OSCE evaluated the examinee's skills on clinical admissions, history collection, treatment plan development better. Most examinee have got satisfactory result (pass rate: 86.4 %, 19/22; good rate: 36.4%, 8/22; excellent rate: 9.1%, 2/22). The feedback of the following questionnalre also showed that most of the candidates thought the OSCE helpful to promoting the learning of theoretical knowledge (87.5%, 14/16) and good for converting the learned knowledge and skills into occupation ability (87.5%, 14/16).

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