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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 363-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991322

ABSTRACT

This study explores the application effect of the case-based teaching method based on Xuexitong learning platform in the online teaching of Digestive System, and analyzes the learner's emotional experience, learning behavior, and learning effect in the case-based online teaching. The results of the study show that the case-based online teaching model based on Xuexitong learning platform improves students' online learning interest, and the students have good emotional experience, high learning enthusiasm, good classroom interaction, enhanced self-learning ability before and after class, and good learning effect. In addition, precise teaching can be used for individual students who are not enthusiastic about online learning.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 167-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005527

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To explore the network characteristics of sleep quality and anxiety in first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, further understand the relationship between sleep quality and anxiety, and provide basis for intervention. 【Methods:】 Using the convenient sampling method, this paper used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) to conduct a questionnaire survey on the front-line medical staff who fought against the epidemic during the COVID-19. Network analysis was used to construct sleep quality and anxiety network, and R language was used for statistical analysis and visualization. 【Results:】 In the network of sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19, "sleep disorder" and "sleep quality", "unfortunate premonition" and "inability to sit still", "syncope" and "hand and foot tingling" were highly related. "Fatigue", "dizziness" and "panic" had the highest expected influence. "Sleep quality", "sleep disorder" and "fatigue" had the highest bridge expected influence. The average predictability value of all nodes was 0.778. 【Conclusion:】 This paper used network analysis to explore the sleep quality and anxiety of first-line medical staff fighting against COVID-19 and found that there was a unique correlation path between them. Intervention against core symptoms can ameliorate anxiety and sleep problems to the great extent, and provide guidance for improving the physical and mental health.

3.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 586-596, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002071

ABSTRACT

Background@#Mechanical ventilation, particularly one-lung ventilation (OLV), can cause pulmonary dysfunction. This meta-analysis assessed the effects of dexmedetomidine on the pulmonary function of patients receiving OLV. @*Methods@#The Embase, PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry databases were systematically searched. The primary outcome was oxygenation index (OI). Other outcomes including the incidence of postoperative complications were assessed. @*Results@#Fourteen randomized controlled trials involving 845 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Dexmedetomidine improved the OI at 30 (mean difference [MD]: 40.49, 95% CI [10.21, 70.78]), 60 (MD: 60.86, 95% CI [35.81, 85.92]), and 90 min (MD: 55, 95% CI [34.89, 75.11]) after OLV and after surgery (MD: 28.98, 95% CI [17.94, 40.0]) and improved lung compliance 90 min after OLV (MD: 3.62, 95% CI [1.7, 5.53]). Additionally, dexmedetomidine reduced the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (odds ratio: 0.44, 95% CI [0.24, 0.82]) and length of hospital stay (MD: −0.99, 95% CI [−1.25, −0.73]); decreased tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and malondialdehyde levels; and increased superoxide dismutase levels. However, only the results for the OI and IL-6 levels were confirmed by the sensitivity and trial sequential analyses. @*Conclusions@#Dexmedetomidine improves oxygenation in patients receiving OLV and may additionally decrease the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications and shorten the length of hospital stay, which may be related to associated improvements in lung compliance, anti-inflammatory effects, and regulation of oxidative stress reactions. However, robust evidence is required to confirm these conclusions.

4.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 10-17, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on the plasma levels of trimethylamine (TMA), trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) in rabbits with atherosclerosis (AS), as well as to explore the possible mechanism of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in treating AS. Methods: After 1-week adaptive feeding, 28 male New Zealand rabbits were divided into a blank group, a model group, an antibiotic group, and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group according to the random number table method, with 7 rabbits in each group. Rabbits were fed with a basic diet in the blank group, while with a basic diet plus 1% choline in the remaining groups to prepare the AS model. Rabbits were given drinking water with broad-spectrum antibiotics in the antibiotic group, and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group for 12 weeks. The atherosclerotic plaques by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the blood lipid levels, the plasma TMA and TMAO levels by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were detected for rabbits in each group at the end of interventions. Liver FMO3 protein expression was detected by Western blotting. Liver FMO3 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: HE staining showed that the arterial wall was rough, the intima was significantly thickened, and more foam cells and lipid deposits were seen in rabbits of the model group. Arterial wall thickening was not obvious with a few foam cells and lipid deposits in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group. Compared with the blank group, the serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) were increased (P<0.01), the plasma levels of TMA and TMAO were increased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the expression levels of liver FMO3 protein and mRNA were all increased (P<0.05, P<0.01); while the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level was decreased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the LDL-C and TC levels were decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.05), the HDL-C levels were increased (P<0.01), the TMA and TMAO levels were decreased (P<0.05), while the protein and mRNA expression levels of FMO3 were decreased without statistical significance in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group and the antibiotic group. Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can slow atherosclerotic plaque formation and regulate lipid levels in AS rabbits, and the mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of TMA and TMAO expression in the plasma.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 366-374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the appropriate pretreatment methods for single cell RNA sequencing of airway aspirate cells.Methods:Four fresh airway aspirate specimens were collected from four patients with acute respiratory tract infections. These specimens were digested with airway aspirate digester and prepared into single cell suspension. The cells were used for library construction directly (DE), or fixed with 10×Genomics Chromium Next GEM Single Cell Fixed RNA Sample Preparation Kit and then mixed to construct the library (DF), or cryopreserved, thawed, fixed (FF) before mixed to construct the library. All three methods were treated with oil emulsion using 10 4 cells and subjected to single-cell sequencing using the 10×Genomics platform. The number of obtained cells, data quality, annotated cell types and expression of marker genes were analyzed. Differences in the expression of highly variable genes (HVGs) of the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods were compared using Pearson correlation. Expression of the differentially expressed genes in the same cell subpopulation obtained by different pretreatment methods was also compared. The correlation of the expression of differentially expressed genes between the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results:The median numbers of single cells obtained using DE, FF and DF methods were 2 733, 1 140 and 5 897 ( P>0.05). The unique molecular identifiers were higher than 500. The median numbers of genes obtained using the three methods were 801, 887 and 1 259 ( P>0.05). The cells with novelty score over 0.8 accounted for 99%, 87% and 93%, respectively. There were nine cell subsets obtained by the three methods, including squamous cells, secretory cells, ciliated cells, T cells, B cells, macrophages, plasma cells and neutrophils. DF and FF methods could obtain more basal cells with specific high expression of keratin 5 than DE method. The differentially expressed and highly variable genes in the same cell subsets obtained by the three pretreatment methods showed high consistency in their expression with a significant correlation ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Under the same sequencing data volume, the quality of data obtained from fixed airway aspirate single-cell suspensions using the method of probe hybridization and transcriptome sequencing was comparable to that obtained directly from fresh cells. This method was more suitable for the pretreatment of clinical samples used for single-cell RNA sequencing.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 181-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994444

ABSTRACT

Guselkumab is the first monoclonal antibody that selectively targets interleukin (IL) -23. Several randomized controlled clinical trials have demonstrated that it is highly effective and safe in the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, and can significantly improve the quality of life of patients. This review summarizes the action mechanisms of IL-23 and guselkumab, as well as the application of guselkumab in the treatment of psoriasis.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1533-1537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980548

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of frequency of intense pulsed light(IPL)in the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction.METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 108 patients(216 eyes)with meibomian gland dysfunction admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to June 2022 were included. They were divided into two groups, with 54 cases(108 eyes)IPL group(energy density 13.0J/cm2, pulse width 6ms, delay time 50ms), and 54 cases(108 eyes)in advanced optimal pulsed technology(AOPT)group(energy density 10.0-16.0J/cm2, pulse width 7-4-4 ms in unequal-division mode). The clinical effects of the two groups were observed and compared, including ocular surface symptoms, corneal fluorescein staining score(FL), tear film lipid layer thickness(LLT), ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, mean non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTav)and first non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTf), tear meniscus height, score of meibomian gland secretion and its secretion traits, and the incidence of adverse effects was also calculated.RESULTS: The effective rate of the AOPT group(106 eyes, 98.1%)was higher than that of the IPL group(90 eyes, 83.3%, P&#x003C;0.05), as well as OSDI score, FL score, score of meibomian gland secretion and its secretion traits, LLT NIBUTav, NIBUTf and tear meniscus height(all P&#x003C;0.001). However, the incidence of adverse effects of the AOPT group(18 eyes, 16.7%)was higher than that of the IPL group(4 eyes, 3.7%; P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: With significant improvement in the ocular surface symptoms and function, AOPT has a better therapeutic effect on the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction, but it has more adverse reactions. Therefore, optimal treatment plan should be fully selected in combination with the actual clinical situation.

8.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 258-263, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989348

ABSTRACT

Qingyan Dropping Pills have the effects of relieving wind and heat, detoxifying, and promoting the pharynx. It is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicines to treat acute and chronic pharyngitis, as well as sore throats and dry throats caused by surgery. Recently, many studies have shown that Qingyan Dropping Pills have certain effects on bacteriostasis, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral activities. As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic enters the post-epidemic era, the regular use of drugs for COVID-19 pandemic symptoms has become a new trend. Therefore, there is a good market prospect to explore and develop Chinese patent medicines with antiviral effects. A preliminary study on the herbal formula and material basis of Qingyan Dropping Pills revealed that they have potential for antiviral applications. In this paper, the research on the quality study and antiviral effect of Qingyan Dropping Pills was reviewed, and the research direction of its secondary development was discussed to provide ideas and references for the new use of old traditional Chinese medicines.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 16-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922663

ABSTRACT

Chronic stress leads to many psychiatric disorders, including social and anxiety disorders that are associated with over-activation of neurons in the basolateral amygdala (BLA). However, not all individuals develop psychiatric diseases, many showing considerable resilience against stress exposure. Whether BLA neuronal activity is involved in regulating an individual's vulnerability to stress remains elusive. In this study, using a mouse model of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), we divided the mice into susceptible and resilient subgroups based on their social interaction behavior. Using in vivo fiber photometry and in vitro patch-clamp recording, we showed that CSDS persistently (after 20 days of recovery from stress) increased BLA neuronal activity in all the mice regardless of their susceptible or resilient nature, although impaired social interaction behavior was only observed in susceptible mice. Increased anxiety-like behavior, on the other hand, was evident in both groups. Notably, the CSDS-induced increase of BLA neuronal activity correlated well with the heightened anxiety-like but not the social avoidance behavior in mice. These findings provide new insight to our understanding of the role of neuronal activity in the amygdala in mediating stress-related psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Amygdala , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety Disorders , Avoidance Learning , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Social Behavior , Stress, Psychological/complications
10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 265-270, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933633

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the analgesic methods in ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) patients.Methods:Three hundred patients were randomly divided into six groups receiving different analgesic regimen. VAS scores, postoperative blood pressure, CRP, IL-6, and the occurrence of postoperative adverse effects were recorded at 2, 4, 8, and 12 h postoperatively.Results:The success rate of ambulatory LC in this study was 66.22%. The dynamic VAS scores of patients in each group gradually decreased with time elapsing, with groups B and C being significantly lower than group A at 2 h and 4 h postoperatively ( P<0.05). Groups D, E and F were significantly different from group A at all postoperative time points ( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference at 8 h and 12 h postoperatively in group B vs. group D and group C vs. group E (all P<0.05). There was significant difference at the 12 h postoperatively between groups (B and C) compared to group F ( P<0.05). There was a significant difference in CRP and IL-6 between the groups (all P<0.05). Postoperative dizziness, nausea and delayed discharge were significantly higher in patients using analgesic pumps ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Local infiltration of ropivacaine combined with postoperative parecoxib sodium drip is a recommended analgesic regimen.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 497-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the clinical characteristics and related fators of children with delayed antibody production of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia(MPP).Methods:Two hundreds and eithty-five cases of children hospitalized at Children′s Hospital of Soochow University with MPP(positive for nucleic acid testing of respiratory secretion)were chosen from January 1st, 2019 to September 31st, 2019.Delayed antibody production group included 36 cases, who were tested for negative IgM antibody meanwhile the titer of IgG antibody changed less than 4 folds within 14 days.Positive group included 249 cases who were tested for positive IgM antibody or the titer of IgG antibody changed over 4 folds within 14 days.The characteristics of clinical manifestation, immunology and radiology were comparatively analyzed.Results:The medium age of delayed antibody production group was 0.75(0.30, 2.78)years old, which was obviously younger than that from positive group[5.50(3.73, 7.20)years old]( P<0.001). Low level of serum immunoglobulin IgG was the independent effect factor of delayed production for Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody( P=0.037). When the serum immunoglobulin IgG level was lower than 7.155mmol/L, the sensitivity of predicting delayed production for mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody would be 0.819 and the specificity was 0.833.The underlying diseases associated with delayed antibody production were hospitalization history during neonatal period( P=0.007)and congenital heart disease( P=0.001). There were 11.11%(4/36)of children appearing spasmodic cough, 41.67%(15/36)of children showing wheezing and 33.33%(12/36)showing diarrhea in delayed antibody group, which were significantly higher than those in positive group[0.40%(1/249), 24.50%(61/249)and 9.64%(24/249), respectively, P<0.05]. The incidence of fever in delayed antibody group were 63.89%(23/36), which was lower than that in positive group[92.37%(230/249)]( P<0.001), meanwhile, the fever last time was 2.50(0, 4.75)days in delayed antibody group, which was shorter than that in positive group[ 7(5.00, 8.50)days]( P<0.001). In the delayed antibody group, there was 19.44%(7/36)of children sufferring from lobar pneumonia, and no extrapulmonary manifestations occurred, which were significantly lower than those in positive group[75.50%(188/249), 14.86%(37/249)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Delayed antibody production in children with MPP is more common when serum immunoglobulin IgG level is lower than 7.155 mmol/L, especially in the presence of neonatal hospital history and congenital heart disease.The clinical manifestations of these children are mainly characterized by spasmodic cough and wheezing, with low probability of fever, lobular pneumonia and extrapulmonary manifestations.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 492-496, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum Mir-137 and Mir-140 levels and clinicopathological features of breast cancer patients and recurrence and metastasis after postoperative chemotherapy with adriamycin + cyclophosphamide + docetaxel (ACT) .Methods:Female breast cancer patients who received chemotherapy of ACT regimen after modified radical mastectomy or breast-conserving radical mastectomy in Tongcheng People’s Hospital from Jan. 2017 to Apr. 2019 were included as research objects, and 60 healthy subjects who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were included as healthy control group. Two ml of fasting peripheral venous blood was extracted from all patients before surgery and 1 week after the end of chemotherapy, and the relative expression levels of Mir-137 and Mir-140 in serum were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase linked reaction. Clinicopathological data were collected, including age, menopausal status, pathological type, TNM stage, estrogen receptor (ER) status, progesterone receptor, PR and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status. All breast cancer patients were followed up for 3 years after surgery, and postoperative recurrence, distant metastasis and death time were recorded according to medical records and follow-up results.Results:The relative expression of Mir-137 in breast cancer patients was 0.89±0.15, significantly lower than that in healthy controls (1.34±0.21) ( t=4.985, P<0.001) . The relative expression of Mir-140 in breast cancer patients was 0.83±0.14, significantly lower than that in healthy controls (1.18±0.17) ( t=4.245, P<0.001) . Serum Mir-137 level was correlated with TNM stage, ER status and HER2 status in breast cancer patients ( t=2.56, 2.06, 2.24, P=0.003, 0.007, 0.004) , and serum Mir-140 level was correlated with TNM stage and HER2 status in breast cancer patients ( t=1.954, 2.114, P=0.008, 0.006) . After chemotherapy, the relative expression levels of serum Mir-137 and serum Mir-140 in breast cancer patients were 1.05±0.16 and 0.97±0.18, respectively, significantly higher than those before surgery ( t=2.689 and 3.051, P=0.004 and 0.002, respectively) . A total of 17 patients developed recurrence or distant metastasis within 3 years, and the 3-year progression-free survival rate was 71.67% (43/60) . The mir-137 level of patients with recurrent metastasis was 0.74±0.14, significantly lower than that of patients without recurrent metastasis (0.94±0.13) , the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.149, P<0.001) . The mir-140 level of patients with recurrent metastasis was 0.73±0.10, which was significantly lower than that of patients without recurrent metastasis (0.87±0.13) , the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.634, P<0.001) . ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity of serum Mir-137 expression level in predicting recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer patients were 82.4% and 79.1%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of serum Mir-140 expression level in predicting recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer patients were 82.4% and 69.8%, respectively. Kaplan-meier survival curve analysis showed that the 3-year progression-free survival rate of patients with low Mir-137 level was significantly lower than that of patients with high Mir-137 level ( P=0.025) . There was no significant difference in 3-year progression-free survival between patients with low mir-140 level and those with high Mir-140 level ( P=0.282) . Conclusion:Serum Mir-137 and Mir-140 levels are related to clinicopathological features and the efficacy of ACT chemotherapy after operation, which can be used as indicators to evaluate the disease and prognosis.

13.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 356-363, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878371

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of @*Methods@#In this study, 0.1% DMG was supplemented in 20% casein diets that were either folate-sufficient (20C) or folate-deficient (20CFD). Blood and liver of rats were subjected to assays of Hcy and its metabolites. Hcy and its related metabolite concentrations were determined using a liquid chromatographic system.@*Results@#Folate deprivation significantly increased pHcy concentration in rats fed 20C diet (from 14.19 ± 0.39 μmol/L to 28.49 ± 0.50 μmol/L; @*Conclusion@#DMG supplementation exhibited hypohomocysteinemic effects under folate-sufficient conditions. By contrast, the combination of folate deficiency and DMG supplementation has deleterious effect on pHcy concentration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Folic Acid Deficiency/metabolism , Homocysteine/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Sarcosine/metabolism
14.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 695-700, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888695

ABSTRACT

Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a well-recognized complication of ABO major mismatched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), with a reported incidence of 10%-20% (Zhidong et al., 2012; Busca et al., 2018). It is clinically characterized by anemia, reticulocytopenia, and the absence of erythroblasts in a normal-appearing bone marrow biopsy (Shahan and Hildebrandt, 2015). The mechanism for PRCA has been presumed to be persistence of recipient isoagglutinins, produced by residual host B lymphocytes or plasma cells, which can interfere with the engraftment of donor erythroid cells (Zhidong et al., 2012). Several risk factors of PRCA at presentation are known, such as presence of anti-A isoagglutinins before transplantation, reduced intensity conditioning, absence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), sibling donors, and cyclosporin A (CsA) as GVHD prophylaxis (Hirokawa et al., 2013). PRCA is not considered to be a barrier to HSCT, as some patients can recover spontaneously or benefit from various approaches including high-dose steroids, erythropoietin (EPO), plasma exchange, immunoadsorption, donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI), treatment with rituximab, bortezomib, or daratumumab, and tapering or discontinuation of immunosuppression (Hirokawa et al., 2013; Bathini et al., 2019). However, there are still some patients who fail to respond even to aggressive treatment; they become red cell transfusion-dependent and iron-overloaded, and their life quality is impaired.

15.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e40-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915096

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the impact of lymph node dissection on survival in patients with apparent early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective review of patients with clinical stage I–II EOC. All patients underwent primary surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2003 and December 2015. Demographic features and clinicopathological information as well as perioperative adverse events were investigated, and survival analyses were performed. @*Results@#A total of 400 ovarian cancer patients were enrolled, and patients were divided into 2 groups: 81 patients did not undergo lymph node resection (group A), and 319 patients underwent lymph node dissection (group B). In group B, the median number of removed nodes per patient was 25 (21 pelvic and 4 para-aortic nodes). In groups A and B, respectively, the 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 83.3% and 82.1% (p=0.305), and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 93.1% and 90.9% (p=0.645). The recurrence rate in the retroperitoneal lymph nodes was not associated with lymph node dissection (p=0.121).The median operating time was markedly longer in group B than in group A (220 minutes vs. 155 minutes, p<0.001), and group B had a significantly higher incidence of lymph cysts at discharge (32.9% vs. 0.0%, p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#In patients with early-stage ovarian cancer, lymph node dissection was not associated with a gain in OS or PFS and was associated with an increased incidence of perioperative adverse events.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1110-1115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of ultrasound therapy in the rat model of sepsis.Methods:Seventy-eight male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into Sham group ( n = 12), septic model group ( n = 22), ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22), methyllycaconitine citrate (MLA) combined with ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22). In the Sham group, only the abdomen was opened, the cecum was found to be free, without cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). In the septic model group, CLP was used to replicate the septic rat model. After operation, each group of rats were subcutaneously injected with preheated 37 ℃ normal saline. The rats in the ultrasound treatment group were treated with ultrasound [Philips IU22 L9-3 ultrasound instrument and 9 MHz probe were used to break the sequence in the spleen area once every 6 seconds, with 1 second for each time, the mechanical index (MI) was 0.72, and the treatment time was 10 minutes]. In the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) specific blocker MLA 4 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally 30 minutes before operation, and ultrasound treatment was performed 2 hours after operation. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6) in serum of each group were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at 24 hours after operation. The 10-day survival rate of each group was recorded, and the symptoms of each group were evaluated by clinical disease score (CDS). The histopathological changes of lung and colon were observed under light microscope. Results:Compared with the Sham group, the 10-day survival rate of rats in the septic model group was decreased significantly [40% (4/10) vs. 100% (6/6)], the CDS was (10.73±2.19 vs. 6.17±0.58) and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were increased significantly at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α (ng/L): 42.00±8.92 vs. 13.16±3.19, IL-6 (ng/L): 129.37±25.04 vs. 63.99±12.92, IL-1β(ng/L): 254.98±67.27 vs. 76.83±25.39, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the septic model group, the survival rate in the ultrasound treatment group was improved [70% (7/10) vs. 40% (4/10)], but there was no significant difference ( P > 0.05). The CDS (7.64±2.68 vs. 10.73±2.19) and the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were significantly reduced at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 16.93±6.02 vs. 42.00±8.92, IL-6 (ng/L): 73.65±24.38 vs. 129.37±25.04, IL-1β(ng/L): 111.86±14.08 vs. 254.98±67.27, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the ultrasound treatment group, the survival rate in the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group was reduced [60% (6/10) vs. 70% (7/10)], but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). CDS was significantly increased (9.55±2.72 vs. 7.64±2.68), and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were significantly increased at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 34.61±7.89 vs. 16.93±6.02, IL-6 (ng/L): 112.92±10.42 vs. 73.65±24.38, IL-1β(ng/L): 212.57±32.16 vs. 111.86±14.08, all P < 0.01]. Microscopically, in the septic model group, the alveolar septum was thickened, a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated, normal pulmonary reticular structure disappeared, and pulmonary interstitium showed obvious hemorrhage and edema, meanwhile, the structure of colonic villi was obviously abnormal, with cells were edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was disordered, so that the subepithelial space and the top of it fell off. After ultrasound treatment, the thickness of the alveolar interval in rats was similar to that in Sham group, without obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the pulmonary reticular structure was relatively intact. At the same time, the morphology of colonic villi was basically normal and orderly, the edema of cell was not obvious, and subcutaneous space and tip fall off were not obvious. After being antagonized by MLA, the rat lung tissue showed thickened alveolar septum, inflammatory cell infiltration, incomplete pulmonary network structure, hemorrhage and edema in the interstitium. The villi structure of the colon was faintly visible, with obvious cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was abnormal. Conclusion:Ultrasound treatment improves the prognosis of septic rats, MLA can reverse the anti-inflammatory effect of ultrasound therapy by antagonizing α7nAChR, suggesting that the protective mechanism of ultrasound in sepsis may be related to activating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway mediated by α7nAChR.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 739-743, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907623

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has become an important part of the health system in the Sultanate of Oman. Although there is no independent law, the local health department has implemented the administrative measures such as the admittance assessment system of TCM doctors and the standardized examination and approval of TCM clinics. The development of TCM in the Sultanate of Oman is supported by the policies of the two governments, with the characteristics likemedical cooperation starting with high-level personnel, the cooperation in economy, trade and medical treatment, TCM and local traditional medicine showing inclusive with good base, and the advantages of TCM theory and treatment meeting the needs of the local medical market. The prospect of cooperation in TCM market is broad. It is suggested that the local government should promote the legislation of traditional medicine and improve the admittance system of practitioners. China needs to promote the formulation of international standards of TCM and optimize the cooperation platform of TCM by using Internet and other technologies. The practitioners in China need to carry out medical activities on the premise of understanding and respecting the local cultural background.In order to promote the development of TCM in Arab countries, the Sultanate of Oman will radiate the whole Middle East through the above strategies.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 31-36, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) on the prognosis of rats suffering from cardiac arrest/cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CA/CPR) under different treatment timings.Methods:The method of percutaneous epicardial electrical stimulation was used to establish CA model of rat. Fifty-three male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into the sham group ( n=5), CPR group ( n=12), PRE group ( n=12), POST5 group ( n=12) and POST30 group ( n=12). The sham group did not experience CA/CPR. VNS treatment was started at 30 min before CA (PRE group, n=12), 5 min after recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (POST5 group, n=12), and 30 min after ROSC (POST30 group, n=12) in different VNS-treated group, respectively. The electrical stimulation was applied to the vagus nerve for 30 min with a unified parameter. The neurological deficit scores at 24, 48, and 72 h after ROSC were recorded, and the survival rate in each group was observed. TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptosis of cortical area and the expression of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) in brain tissue was measured by immunofluorescence at 72 h after ROSC. Variables were compared with one-way analysis of variance, and survival for Kaplan-Meier curves were tested with the log-rank test. A P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Compared with the CPR group (survival rate 33.33%), both pre-treatment (survival rate 75%) and post-treatment of VNS (POST5 group survival rate 75% and POST30 group survival rate 83.33%) significantly improved the 72 h survival rate after CPR ( P<0.05), mitigated neurological deficits after ROSC, reduced the positive rate of apoptosis neurons, and up-regulated the expression of α7nAChR in cerebral cortex. There was no significant difference among the VNS-treated groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Both pre-treatment and post-treatment of VNS can play a protective role in rats after CA/CPR, which may be related to the activation of α7nAChR-mediated anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis effects.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2957-2972, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922778

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoints are the crucial regulators of immune system and play essential roles in maintaining self-tolerance, preventing autoimmune responses, and minimizing tissue damage by regulating the duration and intensity of the immune response. Furthermore, immune checkpoints are usually overexpressed in cancer cells or noninvasive cells in tumor tissues and are capable of suppressing the antitumor response. Based on substantial physiological analyses as well as preclinical and clinical studies, checkpoint molecules have been evaluated as potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of multiple types of cancers. In the last few years, extensive evidence has supported the immunoregulatory effects of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). The main advantage of TCMs and natural medicine is that they usually contain multiple active components, which can act on multiple targets at the same time, resulting in additive or synergistic effects. The strong immune regulation function of traditional Chinese medicine on immune checkpoints has also been of great interest. For example,

20.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 635-638, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919298

ABSTRACT

In this study, we intended to describe a human case of lumbosacral canal sparganosis in People’s Republic of China (China). A 56-year-old man was admitted to Xiangya Hospital Central South University in Changsha, Hunan province, China after having an experience of perianal pain for a week. An enhancing mass, a tumor clinically suggested, was showed at the S1-S2 level of the lumbosacral spine by the examination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium contrast. The patient was received the laminectomy from S1 to S2, and an ivory-white living worm was detected in inferior margin of L5. In ELISA-test with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples, anti-sparganum antibodies were detected. He had a ingesting history of undercooked frog meat in his youth. By the present study, a human case of spinal sparganosis invaded in lumbosacral canal at the S1-S2 level was diagnosed in China. Although the surgical removal of larvae is known to be the best way of treatment for sparganosis, we administered the high-dosage of praziquantel, albendazole and dexamethasone to prevent the occurrence of another remain worms in this study.

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