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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish and validate the prediction model for postoperative sleep disturbance (PSD) in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.Methods:A total of 454 patients of both sexes, aged≥18 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠ-Ⅲ, underwent non-cardiac surgery under general anesthesia from November 2019 to September 2020 were selected.The perioperative data were collected.The patients were divided into training set and validation set with a ratio of 7∶3 by using a simple random sampling method.The characteristic variables of PSD were selected using LASSO regression analysis and the independent risk factors were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis in training set.Akaike′s information criterion was used to evaluate the quality of fit of the model.The nomogram of PSD in non-cardiac surgery patients was constructed based on the identified factors.The discrimination of the model was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and the agreement of the model was evaluated using Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test and Brier score.Results:Seven risk factors (gender, preoperative anxiety, satisfaction with the ward environment, anesthesia time, the intraoperative consumption of midazolam and sufentanil and numerical rating scale (NRS) score at 3 days after operation) and two related factors (preoperative NRS score and general anesthesia combined with nerve block) were used to establish and verify the PSD nomogram.The area under the ROC curve was 0.805 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.721-0.848) in training set.The area under the ROC curve was 0.773 (95% CI 0.684-0.876) in validation set.In training and validation sets, the calibration curves were tested by Hosmer-Lemeshow good of fit test, the P values were 0.590 and 0.950, respectively, and the Brier scores were 0.154 and 0.156, respectively.The nomogram predicated that the sensitivity (95% CI) and specificity (95%CI) were 81.83% (60.32%-95.14%) and 78.15% (71.83%-83.25%), respectively, in training set, and the sensitivity (95% CI) and specificity (95%CI) were 77.86% (39.84%-97.25%) and 78.15% 77.86% (68.74%-85.48%), respectively, in validation set.The optimal cut-off value of nomogram score was 113. Conclusion:In this study, the nomogram prediction model for PSD in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery has been successfully established, which can visually and individually predict the risk of PSD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862599

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the health-related quality of life status of ethnic Korean children and adolescents and its relationship with social support and negative emotions, and to provide assistance to the healthy development of ethnic Korean children and adolescents.@*Methods@#From April to June 2018 in Jilin Province, 4 024 ethnic Korean children and adolescents were selected for the survey of quality of life, social support, and negative emotion, and multiple linear regression analysis was used to understand the relationships between them.@*Results@#The average score of the quality of life of ethnic Korean children and adolescents was (81.01±12.64)points. The average scores for school function, emotional function, social function and physiological function were (80.16±15.36) points, (73.07±19.85) points, (88.52±14.03) points and (82.65±14.17) points, respectively. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the negative emotions of ethnic Korean primary and middle school students had a negative association with effect on quality of life (β=-0.24, P<0.01), social support had a positive predictive effect on quality of life (β=0.17, P<0.01), and the interaction between negative emotions and social support played a negative role in quality of life of ethnic Korean primary and middle school students (β =-0.19, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#The health-related quality of life of ethnic Korean children and adolescents is acceptable. Social support can alleviate negative emotions to reduce the impact of negative emotions on quality of life.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888079

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the effect of nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway in intestinal protection by Sishen Pills against ulcerative colitis(UC). After the UC model was induced by 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS), experimental animals were randomly divided into control group, model group, salazosulfapyridine(SASP) group, and low-and high-dose Sishen Pills groups. Drug intervention(ig) was performed for seven consecutive days during modeling. On the 7 th day, the mice were euthanized. The body weight and colon length were recorded, and the histopathological changes of the colon were observed by HE staining. Serum interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC), malondialdehyde(MDA), and reactive oxygen species(ROS) were detected by ELISA. The protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1(NQO-1) was determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited reduced body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, increased IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS, and diminished protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. Compared with the model group, the SASP group and high-dose Sishen Pills group showed elevated body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, lowered IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS levels, and increased protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. As assessed by HE staining, Sishen Pills could improve the pathological changes of the colon. The findings suggested that Sishen Pills could protect the colon against UC induced by 3% DSS. The specific mechanism of action may be related to the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects by the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Dextran Sulfate , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864502

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop nursing quality evaluation indicator system for perioperative patients with Da Vinci robotic under enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS), in order to provide references for clinical evaluation of nursing quality for lobectomy patients.Methods:Based on the theory of structure-process-outcome quality model and ERAS, literature review, semi-structured interviews were adopted to determine nursing quality indicator system for perioperative patients. Delphi method was used in two rounds of consultation among 21 experts.Results:The positive coefficient was 100%, authority coefficient was 0.839,0.901, and the coefficients of concordance were 0.317,0.335. The final indicator system consisted of 3 first-level indicators, 14 second-level indicators, and 52 third-level indicators.Conclusion:The nursing quality evaluation indicator system for lobectomy patients with Da Vinci robotic was scientific and reliable, which can provide scientific references for evaluating nursing quality for perioperative patients with Da Vinci robotic under ERAS.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide more options for preoperative localization diagnosis in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), the diagnostic efficacy of parathyroid 4-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) in patients with PHPT was evaluated.Methods:This was a single-center retrospective study including 57 patients with surgical proved PHPT. All of the patients underwent 4D-CT, 99Tc m -sestamibi parathyroid imaging (MIBI), and ultrasonography (US) preoperatively. The reference standard for correct localization was based on operation reports and pathology confirmation. The patients were grouped according to the preoperative serum calcium levels, tumor diameter, or ectopic lesions (yes/no), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under the curve (AUC) of 4D-CT, MIBI and US, alone or in combination, were analyzed in total and each subgroup patients. Results:Fifty-seven patients (39 women, 18 men; mean age of 56.5 years) were evaluated, including four cases with multi-gland disease and thirteen cases with ectopic parathyroid lesions. In all the patients, similar diagnostic efficacy was found in 4D-CT (AUC: 0.943) and MIBI (AUC: 0.927), both of which were higher than that of US (AUC: 0.847) ( P = 0.01 for 4D-CT vs. US; P = 0.04 for MIBI vs. US). In a subset analysis for ectopic quadrants, the diagnostic efficacy of 4D-CT was significantly higher than that of MIBI ( P = 0.04) or US ( P = 0.01), with the sensitivity of 100%, 69.2%, and 61.5%, and AUC of 0.989, 0.846, and 0.808 for 4D-CT, MIBI and US, respectively. Conclusions:4D-CT has similar diagnostic efficacy for preoperative localization to MIBI in patients with PHPT, and it is superior to MIBI and US in identifying the ectopic parathyroid gland. 4D-CT can be recommended as an alternative preoperative localization method, especially when parathyroid lesions could not be precisely located by US and MIBI.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of rocuronium on limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in the patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.Methods:Ninety patients of both sexes, aged 50-80 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, with body mass index<30 kg/cm 2, scheduled for elective unilateral knee arthroplasty under general anesthesia combined with femoral nerve block from January 2019 to October 2019, were divided into 3 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: normal saline group (group S), rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg group (group RL) and rocuronium 1.2 mg/kg group (group RH). Anesthesia was induced by intravenous injection of midazolam, etomidate, sufentanil and rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg (group RL) or 1.2 mg/kg (group RH) or equal volume of normal saline (group S). Mechanical ventilation was performed after placement of laryngeal mask to maintain P ETCO 2 35-45 mmHg.Femoral nerve block was performed under ultrasound guidance.Anesthesia was maintained by inhaling 1% sevoflurane and intravenous infusion of propofol and remifentanil to maintain entropy index at 40-60 during operation.Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was performed with sufentanil after surgery to maintain visual analogue scale score ≤ 4 points.When visual analogue scale score was > 4, flurbiprofen axetil 100 mg was intravenously injected.The vastus medialis muscle at the edge of the incision was obtained at 60 min after inflation to determine the expression of dystrophin by immunohistochemistry.Arterial blood samples were collected immediately after inflation of the tourniquet, at 60 min after inflation, and at 5 and 30 min after deflation for determination of the serum malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations by the thiobarbituric acid method.The effective pressing times of the analgesic pump and consumption of sufentanil and flurbiprofen axetil were recorded within 48 h after operation.The occurrence of responses to tourniquet and residual muscle relaxation during recovery from anesthesia, the first postoperative off-bed time and postoperative length of hospital stay were recorded.The thigh girth was measured before operation and at 24 and 48 h after operation, and the difference after and before operation was calculated.The range of motion of knees of the operated limb and tourniquet-related complications in the early postoperative period (3 days) and in the long-term postoperative period (3 months) were recorded. Results:Compared with group S, the expression of dystrophin in skeletal muscle was significantly up-regulated, the concentration of serum MDA was decreased at 30 min after deflation, and the difference in thigh girth at 24 and 48 h after operation was decreased in group RH, and the range of motion of knees was significantly increased at 3 days and 3 months after operation, and the first postoperative off-bed time was shortened in group RH and group RL ( P<0.05). Compared with group RL, the range of motion of knees was significantly increased at 3 days and 3 months after operation, and the first postoperative off-bed time was shortened in group RH ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of responses to tourniquet, postoperative length of hospital stay, effective pressing times of the analgesic pump, postoperative consumption of sufentanil and flurbiprofen axetil, and the incidence of tourniquet-related complications in the early and long-term postoperative periods among the three groups ( P>0.05). No residual muscle relaxation was found during recovery from anesthesia in three groups. Conclusion:Rocuronium 1.2 mg/kg can reduce limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in the patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.

7.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1046-1048, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012394

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The suprascapular artery (SSA) has been identified to be of clinical relevance to clavicular fracture, suprascapular neuropathy and surgical intervention of shoulder. Thus its origin and course have been intensively studied. In this case, we found a unilateral variation of the suprascapular artery, originating from the 1st segment of axillary artery, and sequentially penetrating the upper trunk of brachial plexus, passing through the suprascapular notch under the superior transverse scapular ligament. This case will be helpful to clinical management in cervical and shoulder region.


RESUMEN: Se ha identificado que la arteria supraescapular (ASS) tiene relevancia clínica en la fractura clavicular, la neuropatía supraescapular y la intervención quirúrgica del hombro. En consecuencia, su origen y su curso han sido ampliamente estudiados. En este caso, encontramos una variación unilateral de la arteria supraescapular, originada en el primer segmento de la arteria axilar, y que penetraba secuencialmente en el tronco superior del plexo braquial, pasando a través de la incisura supraescapular debajo del ligamento escapular transverso superior. Este caso será útil para el manejo clínico en la región cervical y del hombro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteries/abnormalities , Scapula/blood supply , Shoulder/blood supply , Axillary Artery/abnormalities , Anatomic Variation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801942

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the volatile chemical constituents of Panacix Quinquefolii Radix of different origins and different growth years,in order to provide the theoretical basis for the further development and utilization of Panacix Quinquefolii Radix. Method: Headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to extract,analyze and identify the volatile constituents of Panacix Quinquefolii Radix. The chromatographic peak area normalization method was used to determine the relative amount of ingredients. Result: A total of 151 compounds were identified in Panacix Quinquefolii Radix samples,including 99 hydrocarbons,21 alcohol phenols,7 aldehydes,8 ketones,1 ester,15 heterocyclics and other compounds. Totally 68 kinds of compounds were identified in the roots of three-year-old Jilin Baishan,and the mass fraction accounted for 98.27%,67 compounds were identified in the roots of four-year-old Jilin Baishan,and the mass fraction accounted for 98.79%,65 compounds were identified in 3-year-old Panacix Quinquefolii Radix root,and the mass fraction accounted for 95.81%,and 63 compounds were identified in 4-year-old Panacix Quinquefolii Radix root,and the mass fraction accounted for 99.67%. The specific components of the volatile oil components of the four Panacix Quinquefolii Radix samples were 24,23,19,and 23,respectively,and the total composition was 16 species. Conclusion: The content and composition of volatile chemical constituents of Panacix Quinquefolii Radix of different origins are very different. This experiment provides a reference for the future quality evaluation of Panacix Quinquefolii Radix medicinal materials,rational development and utilization of resources.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805805

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the role of intestinal flora disturbance in perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice.@*Methods@#Sixty SPF healthy male C57BL/6J mice, aged 18 months, were divided into 4 groups (n=15 each) by a random number table method: control group (group C), operation group (group O), operation plus lactobacillus rhamnosus group (group OL) and operation plus fecal microbiota transplantation group (group OF). Exploratory laparotomy was performed in O, OL and OF groups.In group PL, lactobacillus rhamnosus 200 μl (1×109 CFU/ml, 200 μl/day) was given by gavage once a day for 10 days starting from the end of surgery, and mice received about 0.2×109 CFU probiotics per day.In group OF, broad-spectrum antibiotic mixture (ampicillin and sulbactam 1.5 g/L, vancomycin 500 mg/L, ciprofloxacin 200 mg/L, imipenem cilastatin 250 mg/L and metronidazole 1 g/L) was added to the drinking water at 7 weeks prior to operation and replaced with sterile tap water at 72 h before operation, and fecal filtrates 200 μl was given by gavage once a day for 10 days starting the end of operation.Five mice were sacrificed at day 10 after operation in each group, and Evans blue extravasation test was used to measure the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum.Five mice were sacrificed at day 10 after operation in each group, and the small intestinal and hippocampal tissues and orbital venous blood samples were obtained for determination of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon gamma (IFN-γ), IL-4 and IL-10 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Five mice were selected at day 10 after operation in each group, and the Morris water maze test was used to assess the cognitive function.@*Results@#Compared with group C, the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum was significantly increased, the levels of IL-6, IL-17, TNF-α and IFN-γ in the small intestine, peripheral blood and hippocampus were increased, the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased, the swimming distance and escape latency were prolonged, and the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened in group O (P<0.05 or 0.01), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in OL and OF groups (P>0.05). Compared with group O, the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum was significantly decreased, the levels of IL-6, IL-17, TNF-α and IFN-γ in the small intestine, peripheral blood and hippocampus were decreased, the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased, the swimming distance and escape latency were shortened, and the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged in OL and OF groups (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Intestinal flora disturbance can mediate inflammatory responses in the hippocampus and cause perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754837

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prenatal sonographic feature in the early diagnosis of amniotic band syndrome at 11 -14 weeks′ gestation . Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analysis and summarize the ultrasonographic features of 4 fetuses without band‐like echoes in amniotic cavity at 11-14 weeks′gestation ,but verified as amniotic band syndrome in Peking Union M edical College Hospital . Results T wo cases ( cases 1 ,2) showed the fixed head position with skull defect and intracranial structure disorders . Cases 3 and 4 showed one upper limb in a fixed position ,and the hand seemed to adhere to the umbilical cord isolatedly . In addition ,case 1 showed complete chorioamniotic membrane separation . T here were multiple band‐like echoes adhered to body of 3 fetals during the follow‐up scan at 14 -18 weeks . T he parents of cases 1 and 2 chose to terminate the pregnancy after counseling ,the other 2 cases also induced labor due to intrauterine fetal death at 15+2 weeks and 19+2 weeks respectively . All 4 cases were confirmed as amniotic band syndrome by pathology . Conclusions When the fetal sonographic images showed fixed head position ,disordered intracranial structure ,or adhesion between umbilical cord and hand with limited movement at 11 -14 weeks′ gestation ,it should be paid attention to observing the band‐like echoes and followed up closely to prevent missed diagnosis of amniotic band syndrome .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745347

ABSTRACT

Objective To predict the presence of MVI,the general clinicopathological of HCC patients' data of the preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR),platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR),altplatelet ratio (APRI) were evaluated.Methods 143 cases of HCC patients who underwent radical resection and ≤ 5 cm of tumor diameter in Chifeng Clinical Medical School of Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2011 to December 2014 were analysed retrospectively and followed up.The relationship between NLR,PLR,APRI and other clinical parameters was evaluated.Results According to ROC Curve,the NLR truncation value was 2.00,PLR to 115.00,APRI 1.6.The single factor analysis of x2 test showed that NLR (x2=6.419;P<0.05),APRI (x2=3.975;P<0.05),AFP (x2=33.37;P<0.05),Degree of differentiation (x2 =9.839;P<0.05) were significant differences between MVI positive (MVI+) and negative (MVI-) groups,and the difference was statistically significant;Logistic regression multifactor analysis showed that NLR (OR 2.678;95% CI 1.033~6.944;P<0.05) and AFP (OR 1.724;95%CI 1.023~2.905;P<0.05) are independent predictors of MVI.Conclusion Preoperative NLR and AFP are convenient,economical and reliable hematological indices for predicting the presence of MVI in HCC patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the process of bone defect healing, the use of biological materials loaded with drugs for local defect intervention can accelerate the repair of the defect, which provides a new method for the local treatment of bone defects. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the local application of bone tissue engineering scaffolds loaded with bisphosphonates in bone defect repair and to summarize the effects of bone tissue engineering scaffolds as a drug delivery system on the bone defect healing. METHODS: The authors retrieved PubMed, Web of Science, Springerlink, Medline, WanFang and CNKI databases with "bisphosphonates, alendronate, zoledronate, bone defect, bone tissue engineering" as key words for relevant articles published from 2006 to 2018. Initially, 235 articles were retrieved, and finally 70 articles were selected for further analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Bisphosphonate drug is an effective inhibitor of osteoclast dissolution. It can form a drug sustained release system on the local defect by being loaded to composite scaffolds, promote the formation of new bone and accelerate the healing of the defect. For the drug delivery system of bisphosphonates, suitable scaffold materials are crucial to the osteogenic effect of composite scaffolds in the defect area. At present, the carrier materials used for bisphosphonate-loaded composite scaffolds are mainly divided into organic materials and inorganic materials. Most polymeric organic materials can directly load bisphosphonates to form good drug sustained release in the local area and obviously exert their pro-osteogenic effects, while natural materials and most inorganic materials are often combined with other materials to form composite materials as carriers to optimize the carrier performance. Most studies have also confirmed that these composite materials loaded with bisphosphonates in the defect area exert osteogenic effect in the defect area.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 138-142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818199

ABSTRACT

Objective There are a few researches on the mechanism of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The article aimed to examine the changes of COX-2 expression in the urethra, vagina and urethral smooth muscle of SUI rat mode to evaluate the effect of estrogen on COX-2 expression. Methods Sixty unbearing healthy female SD rats and fifteen male SD rats were gathered for spontaneous delivery. SUI rat models were constructed using expanded vagina, expanded vagina + ovariectomy respectively after delivery, which were expanded vagina group and expanded vagina + ovariectomy group. Six successfully modeled rats were chosen for the follow-up experiment. SD rats modeled after normal pregnancy were the control group. Sneezing experiment and urodynamic examination were used to examine the maximum bladder capacity (MBC) and abdominal leak point pressure (ALPP). Fluorescent quantitative PCR and western blot were applied to detect the expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein, and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of COX-2 in urethra, vagina and urethral smooth muscle. Results Compared with control group, ALPP in two experimental groups were significantly decreased, among which ALPP in expanded vagina + ovariectomy group was significantly decreased in comparison to expanded vagina group(P<0.05). Compared with control group, the expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein in expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were significantly higher, among which the figures in expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were significantly higher than those in expanded vagina group(P<0.05). The result of immunohistochemistry showed staining intensity integral expression of COX-2 in vaginal tissues of control group, expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were 0.50±0.54, 5.55±0.54, 9.33±0.81, so differences between any two groups were of statistical significance(P<0.05); staining intensity integral expression of COX-2 in urethral smooth muscle of control group, expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were 0.66±0.51, 5.33±0.51, 8.50±0.54, so differences between any two groups were of statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion The expression of COX-2 was related to the mechanism of SUI. The decrease of estrogen may increase the expression of COX-2 in SUI rats, which supports the treatment of SUI.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817846

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors influencing the improvement of tidal lung function bronchodilation test,and to provide evidence for the diagnosis of infant asthma. METHODS: Totally 71 infant patients diagnosed with asthma were included from clinic of Children's Hospital of Capital Institute of Pediatrics and alternativley assigned into two groups,who respectively received bronchodilator via pM DI(pMDI group)or nebulization(nebulization group),and bronchodilation test was performed. The effects of drug delivering methods on the bronchodilation test was compared,and the main observation indexes were respiratory rate(RR),VT/kg,inspiratory time(Ti),expiratory time(Te),Ti/Te,time to peak tidal expiratory flow as a proportion of expiratory time(TPTEF/TE),volume to peak expiratory flow as a proportion of exhaled volume(VPEF/VE)and peak tidal expiratory flow(PTEF). Further analysis was carried within each group. RESULTS: Twenty patients received bronchodilator via pM DI,and fifty-one patients received bronchodilator via nebulization. After drug delivery,the RR of the children in the pMDI group decreased significantly(P=0.003),and the Ti increased significantly(P=0.011). The VT/kg,Ti,Ti/Te,TPTEF/TE and VPEF/VE increased significantly in nebulization group(all P<0.05). In the nebulization group,the improvement rate of TPTEF/TE and VPEF/VE were significantly higher than that of pMDI group(all P<0.05). In the pMDI group,the Te,Ti/Te,TPTEF/TE and VPEF/VE significantly improved in patients with severe airway obstruction(all P<0.05). The above parameters also improved after bronchodilation test in nebulization group. Compared in difference age groups,TPTEF/TE and VPEF/VE in children over 2 years improved more significantly than those in children under 1 year(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The effects of nebulization are better than pMDI in tidal lung function bronchodilation test. The improvement rate of tidal lung function is related to the degree of airway obstruction and the age of patients.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1453-1460, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857134

ABSTRACT

; Aim To explore the anti-tumor mechanism of dihydromyricetin (DMY), a kind of flavonoid compound with anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects, via studying the effect of DMY on biological activities of Bloom helicase. Methods The effect of DMY on the biological activities of BLM helicase was studied by ultraviolet spectrum (UV), circular dichroism (CD), fluorescence polarization and free phosphorus detection. Results The results of CD and UV showed that DMY could bind to a site of the BLM helicase. In the concentration of DMY in 0 ~ 25 μmol . L 1 range, DMY showed a positive correlation with the interference ability of BLM helicase secondary structure with the increase of concentration, while in the concentration of DMY in 25 ~ 75 μmol . L 1 range, DMY showed a negative correlation. Fluorescence polarization and free phosphorus detection experiments showed that DMY could bind to BLM helicase, thus inhibiting the helicase activity of BLM helicase. Conclusions DMY can competitively bind to the DNA binding site of BLM helicase and change the spatial structure of BLM helicase, inhibiting the binding of BLM helicase to DNA and the biological activity of BLM helicase accordingly.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824615

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of intestinal flora disturbance in perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice.Methods Sixty SPF healthy male C57BL/6J mice,aged 18 months,were divided into 4 groups (n =15 each) by a random number table method:control group (group C),operation group (group O),operation plus lactobacillus rhamnosus group (group OL) and operation plus fecal microbiota transplantation group (group OF).Exploratory laparotomy was performed in O,OL and OF groups.In group PL,lactobacillus rhamnosus 200 μl (1×109 CFU/ml,200 μl/day) was given by gavage once a day for 10 days starting from the end of surgery,and mice received about 0.2× 109 CFU probiotics per day.In group OF,broad-spectrum antibiotic mixture (ampicillin and sulbactam 1.5 g/L,vancomycin 500 mg/L,ciprofloxacin 200 mg/L,imipenem cilastatin 250 mg/L and metronidazole 1 g/L) was added to the drinking water at 7 weeks prior to operation and replaced with sterile tap water at 72 h before operation,and fecal filtrates 200 μl was given by gavage once a day for 10 days starting the end of operation.Five mice were sacrificed at day 10 after operation in each group,and Evans blue extravasation test was used to measure the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum.Five mice were sacrificed at day 10 after operation in each group,and the small intestinal and hippocampal tissues and orbital venous blood samples were obtained for determination of interleukin-6 (IL-6),IL-17,tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α),interferon gamma (IFN-γ),IL-4 and IL-10 levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Five mice were selected at day 10 after operation in each group,and the Morris water maze test was used to assess the cognitive function.Results Compared with group C,the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum was significantly increased,the levels of IL-6,IL-17,TNF-α and IFN-γ in the small intestine,peripheral blood and hippocampus were increased,the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased,the swimming distance and escape latency were prolonged,and the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened in group O (P<0.05 or 0.01),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in OL and OF groups (P>0.05).Compared with group O,the vascular permeability of jejunum and ileum was significantly decreased,the levels of IL-6,IL-17,TNF-α and IFN-γin the small intestine,peripheral blood and hippocampus were decreased,the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased,the swimming distance and escape la tency were shortened,and the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged in OL and OF groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Intestinal flora disturbance can mediate inflammatory responses in the hippocampus and cause perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice.

17.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018; 34 (5): 1288-1292
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-206418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes and correlations of serum interleukins [ILs], adhesion molecules and soluble E-selectin [sE-selectin] in children with allergic rhinitis, asthma and both diseases


Methods: A total of 45 children with allergic rhinitis, 40 with asthma and 45 with allergic rhinitis complicated with asthma treated from September 2016 to January 2018 were selected. Meanwhile, 30 healthy subjects who received physical examinations were included as a control group. The levels of serum IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [sICAM-1], soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 [sVCAM-1], and sE-selectin were detected by double-antibody sandwich ELISA, and their correlations were subjected to Spearman's correlation analysis


Results: The serum IL levels of allergic rhinitis, asthma and complication groups were significantly higher than those of control group [P<0.01], and the levels of complication group significantly exceeded those of asthma group [P<0.05]. The serum levels of IL-5 and IL-10 in complication group significantly exceeded those of allergic rhinitis group [P<0.05]. Compared with control group, serum sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, and sE-selectin levels significantly increased in other three groups [P<0.01]. Such levels of complication group were significantly higher than those of allergic rhinitis and asthma groups [P<0.05]. Serum IL-10 level was positively correlated with that of IL-4 [r=0.965, P<0.05], and sE-selectin level was positively correlated with those of sICAM-1 and sVCAM-1 [r=0.915, P<0.01; r=0.892, P<0.01]


Conclusion: Serum IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, adhesion molecules and sE-selectin are all involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis and asthma, which can be used to evaluate the degrees of respiratory allergic diseases

18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 329-333, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792731

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors for self-efficacy among elders with hypertension in Zhoushan and to provide the reference for improving the self-efficacy of elders with hypertension. Methods The stratified sampling method was used to select elders with hypertension from 4 streets (townships) in urban and rural of Zhoushan in 2016. Four communities were selected from each street (townships) as sample units and using the random sampling to select 50 patients from every community. The investigation was performed with unified questionnaire. The influencing factors for self-efficacy were analyzed with logistic regression. Results The average score of the self-efficacy was 34.13±5.17. Among the investigated 738 elders with hypertension, more than half of them were scored 1ess than 2 in two items, which were blood pressure monitoring (86.99%) and persistent physical exercise (50.95%) . Scoring index of compliance behavior of hypertension was the lowest, only 63.93% . By multivariate logistic regression analysis, those patients who were female (OR=2.34, 95% CI: 1.55-3.53) , educated (ORprimary=1.72, 95% CI: 1.09-2.69; ORjunior =2.25, 95% CI: 1.13-4.46;ORsenior and above=2.46, 95% CI: 1.06-5.71), with high level of drug compliance (ORmedium=1.72, 95%CI: 1.09-2.69; ORhigh=2.12, 95% CI: 1.38-3.26) were more likely to get high level of self-efficacy. Patients who monitored blood pressure only uncomfortable were more likely to get low level of self-efficacy (OR=0.22, 95% CI: 0.08-0.68) . Conclusion More than half of community-dwelling elders with hypertension had a middle level self-efficacy in Zhoushan, who need further improvement. Corresponding interventions should be developed to strengthen the self-efficacy, which can help patients improve self-management of hypertension and establish a healthy life style.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the natural carriage status of multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria in ICU medical personmel and control growp of 69 hospitals in Tianjin.@*Methods@#From April 2007 to October 2016, 2902 samples of nasal vestibule and hand swabs were collected from 1296 ICU medical personmel and 155 non medical personmel (control group) , and 14 kinds of antimicrobial agents were used to test the sensitivity of gram-negative bacilli.@*Results@#332 Gram-negative bacteria were isolated from medical personmel, of which 139 were multidrug resistant; 70 gram-negative bacteria were isolated from control group, and 20 of which were multidrug resistant. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the incidence of nasal vestibular colonization between medical personmel group (231/1296) and control group (32/155) . The control group (38/155) had a higher rate of hand bacteria carriage than medical staff group (101/1296) (P<0.01) . The proportion of multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria was 28.57% (20/70) in control group, which was significantly lower than medical personmel group (41.87%, 139/332) (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#For the nasal vestibule, the medical personnel and control guoup have the same gram-negative bacteria carrying rate, but the multidrug resistant bacteria isolation rate from the medical staff group are significantly higher which may due to vocational contamination of pathogen in ICU; while the gram-negative bacteria in the hands of the medical staff group are significantly lower than those of the control group, which might attribute to the difference of hand sanitation technique of two groups.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the perioperative complications and therapeutic effects of balloon-assisted coiling (BAC) and stent-assisted coiling (SAC) in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms in the acute phase. Methods Totally 91 patients with 91 intracranial ruptured aneurysms were treated with BAC or SAC in our hospital between January 2014 and December 2016. Among them, 37 patients were treated with BAC and 54 patients with SAC respectively. Of the two groups, the position distribution and shape of aneurysms, and the complications after procedures and the therapeutic effects were summarized and evaluated retrospectively using chi-square test. Results The width of the aneurysm neck was narrower in the BAC-treated group compared to the SAC-treated group (3.31±1.63 mm vs. 4.35±2.10 mm, P=0.01). The aneurysm body/neck ratio (B/N) was lower in the BAC-treated group than in the SAC-treated group (1.64 ± 0.46 vs. 1.35±0.66, P=0.025). The recurrence rate was higher in the BAC-treated group than that in the SAC-treated group (18.9% vs. 0.9%, P=0.005). There was no statistical difference in perioperative complication in both the BAC-treated group and SAC-treated group. However, 2 patients died due to the relative postoperative intracranial bleeding in the SAC-treated group. Better outcomes (Modified Rankin Score, mRS, 0-2) were achieved in the BAC-treated group compared to the SAC-treated group (94.6% vs. 88.9%, P=0.028) at the follow-up visit. Conclusions These findings suggested that there is no difference between the BAC-treated group and the SAC-treated group in the risk of complication. BAC can achieve a better prognosis,but it is more prone to relapse. The SAC method was more appropriate for wider neck aneurysms. It was also an option to coiling the aneurysm in BAC in acute phase firstly, followed by additional treatment in SAC during the follow-up period.

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