Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 82
Filter
1.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 301-314, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764499

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peritoneal carcinomatosis in gastric cancer (GC) patients results in extremely poor prognosis. Malignant ascites samples are the most appropriate biological material to use to evaluate biomarkers for peritoneal carcinomatosis. This study identified exosomal MicroRNAs (miRNAs) differently expressed between benign liver cirrhosis-associated ascites (LC-ascites) and malignant gastric cancer-associated ascites (GC-ascites), and validated their role as diagnostic biomarkers for GC-ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from exosomes isolated from 165 ascites samples (73 LC-ascites and 92 GC-ascites). Initially, microarrays were used to screen the expression levels of 2,006 miRNAs in the discovery cohort (n=22). Subsequently, quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses were performed to validate the expression levels of selected exosomal miRNAs in the training (n=70) and validation (n=73) cohorts. Furthermore, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels were determined in ascites samples. RESULTS: The miR-574-3p, miR-181b-5p, miR-4481, and miR-181d were significantly downregulated in the GC-ascites samples compared to the LC-ascites samples, and miR-181b-5p showed the best diagnostic performance for GC-ascites (area under the curve [AUC]=0.798 and 0.846 for the training and validation cohorts, respectively). The diagnostic performance of CEA for GC-ascites was improved by the combined analysis of miR-181b-5p and CEA (AUC=0.981 and 0.946 for the training and validation cohorts, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We identified exosomal miRNAs capable of distinguishing between non-malignant and GC-ascites, showing that the combined use of miR-181b-5p and CEA could improve diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Biomarkers , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Carcinoma , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Down-Regulation , Exosomes , Humans , Liver , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , RNA , Stomach Neoplasms
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association between HBV and CKD is not clear. This study investigated the association between chronic HBV infection and CKD in a nationwide multicenter study. METHODS: A total of 265,086 subjects who underwent health-check examinations in 33 hospitals from January 2015 to December 2015 were enrolled. HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) positive cases (n = 10,048), and age- and gender-matched HBsAg negative controls (n = 40,192) were identified. CKD was defined as a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² or proteinuria as at least grade 2+ of urine protein. RESULTS: HBsAg positive cases showed a significantly higher prevalence of GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² (3.3%), and proteinuria (18.9%) than that of the controls (2.6%, P < 0.001, and 14.1%, P < 0.001, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, HBsAg positivity was an independent factor associated with GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² along with age, blood levels of albumin, bilirubin, anemia, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Likewise, HBsAg positivity was an independent factor for proteinuria along with age, male, blood levels of bilirubin, protein, albumin, and HbA1c. A subgroup analysis showed that HBsAg positive men but not women had a significantly increased risk for GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m². CONCLUSION: Chronic HBV infection was significantly associated with a GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m² and proteinuria (≥ 2+). Therefore, clinical concern about CKD in chronic HBV infected patients, especially in male, is warranted.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Antigens, Surface , Bilirubin , Case-Control Studies , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and brushing cytology are used worldwide to diagnose pancreatic and biliary malignant tumors. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been developed and it is currently used to overcome the limitations of conventional smears (CS). In this study, the authors aimed to compare the diagnostic value of the CellPrepPlus (CP; Biodyne) LBC method with CS in samples obtained using EUS-FNA and brushing cytology. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 75 patients with pancreatic or biliary lesions from June 2012 to October 2013. For cytological analyses, including inadequate specimens, benign and atypical were further classified into benign, and suspicious and malignant were subcategorized as malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were evaluated. RESULTS: In the EUS-FNA based cytological analysis of pancreatic specimens, CP had a sensitivity of 60.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 77.1%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 64.5%. CS had a sensitivity of 85.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 91.7%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 83.3%. In the brushing cytology based analysis of biliary specimens, CP had sensitivity of 53.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 54.5%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 6.3%. CS had a sensitivity of 78.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 78.8%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 12.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that CP had a lower sensitivity because of low cellularity compared with CS. Therefore, CP (LBC) has a lower diagnostic accuracy for pancreatic EUS-FNA based and biliary brush cytology based analyses compared with CS.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Humans , Methods , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sofosbuvir plus ribavirin is a standard treatment for patients infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 in Korea. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of this treatment in Korean patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients treated with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for chronic HCV genotype 2 from May 2016 to December 2017 at eight hospitals located in the Daejeon-Chungcheong area. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients were treated with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin. Of them, 163 patients completed the treatment, and 162 patients were tested for sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment discontinuation (SVR12). Mean age was 59.6±12.3 years (27–96), and 105 (64.4%) patients were female. Of the total patients, 49 (30.1%) were diagnosed with cirrhosis, and 31 of them were treated for 16 weeks. Sofosbuvir plus ribavirin was the first-line treatment for 144 (88.3%) patients. Eleven (6.7%) patients were intolerant to previous interferon-based treatment. Eight (5.0%) patients relapsed after interferon-based treatment. HCV RNA non-detection rate at 4, 8, and 12 weeks was 97.5%, 99.1%, and 99.3%, respectively, and SVR12 was 98.8% (161/163). During treatment, 18 (11.0%) patients had to reduce their administrated dose of ribavirin because of anemia. One patient stopped the treatment because of severe anemia. Other adverse events, including dizziness, indigestion, and headache, were found in 26 (16.0%) patients. CONCLUSIONS: A 12-16 week treatment with sofosbuvir plus ribavirin is remarkably effective and well tolerated in Korean patients with chronic HCV genotype 2 infection.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Dizziness , Dyspepsia , Female , Fibrosis , Genotype , Headache , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis , Humans , Korea , Retrospective Studies , Ribavirin , RNA , Sofosbuvir
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic solid masses in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis as well as the clinical parameters relevant to a malignancy when EUS-FNA was negative or inconclusive. METHODS: A total of 97 patients, who underwent EUS-FNA for solid pancreatic masses over 2 years at a single institution, were evaluated. All patients underwent EUS-FNA for 3-5 passes with 22 or 25 G needles without an on-site cytopathologist. The final diagnosis was obtained by surgery or compatible clinical outcomes for a more than 12 month follow-up. The diagnostic yields in the patients with or without chronic pancreatitis were compared and the histories and laboratory data relevant to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) or pseudo-tumor were analyzed. RESULTS: The final diagnoses were adenocarcinoma in 88 patients (90.7%) and inflammatory pseudo-tumor in 9 (9.3%). The results of EUS-FNA were adenocarcinoma (74), suspicious (7), atypical (5), negative (10), and inadequate specimen (1). The diagnostic accuracies were 76.9% and 91.6% in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis, respectively. Among the 23 cases with non-diagnostic results of EUS-FNA, PDAC was finally diagnosed in 5 out of 7 suspicious, 3 out of 5 atypical, and 5 out of 10 negative cytology cases. The clinical parameters related to a pseudo-tumor were a history of alcohol consumption and pancreatitis, and normal alkaline phosphatase levels. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic masses in the background of chronic pancreatitis was low. When EUS-FNA produced inconclusive results, the histories of alcohol consumption, pancreatitis, and serum levels of alkaline phosphatase are useful for making a final diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Alcohol Drinking , Alkaline Phosphatase , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Endosonography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Needles , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic
6.
Intestinal Research ; : 208-214, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-117644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has been used for preoperative staging of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for detection of lymph node or distant metastasis and its prognostic role have not been well established. We therefore evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of FDG-PET/CT in comparison with conventional CT for CRC. METHODS: We investigated 220 patients who underwent preoperative FDG-PET/CT and CT, followed by curative surgery for CRC. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of FDG-PET/CT and CT for detection of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were evaluated. In addition, we assessed the findings of FDG-PET/CT and CT according to outcomes, including cancer recurrence and cancer-related death, for evaluation of prognostic value. RESULTS: For detection of lymph node metastasis, FDG-PET/CT had a sensitivity of 44%, a specificity of 84%, and an accuracy of 67%, compared with 59%, 65%, and 62%, respectively, for CT (P=0.029, P=0.000, and P=0.022). For distant metastasis, FDG-PET/CT had a sensitivity of 79%, a specificity of 94%, and an accuracy of 93%, compared with 79%, 87%, and 86%, respectively, for CT (P=1.000, P=0.004, and P=0.037). In addition, positive findings of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis on FDG-PET/CT were associated significantly with cancer recurrence or cancer-related death (P=0.009, P=0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative FDG-PET/CT had a higher specificity and accuracy compared to CT for detection of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis of CRC. In addition, FDG-PET/CT could be a valuable prognostic tool for CRC.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Electrons , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The combination of daclatasvir (DCV) and asunaprevir (ASV) has demonstrated a high sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR12) and a low rate of adverse events in previous clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to clarify the results of treatment and side effects in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype Ib infection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from chronic HCV genotype Ib patients treated with DCV+ASV from August 2015 to September 2016 at five hospitals in the Daejeon-Chungcheong area. RESULTS: A total of 152 patients were examined for resistance associated variants (RAVs). Among them, 15 (9.9%) were positive for Y93 and one (0.7%) was positive for L31. Of 126 patients treated with DCV+ASV, 83 patients completed treatment and 76 patients were included in safety and efficacy analysis. Five (6.6%) were positive for Y93 and 12 (15.8%) exhibited cirrhotic change. DCV+ASV was the first-line treatment for 58 (76.3%) patients. Eleven (14.5%) patients relapsed after previous treatment that included interferon and seven (9.2%) of these patients were found to be intolerant of interferon. Adverse events occurred in 10 (13.2%) patients and two patients stopped the medication because of severe itching and skin rash. SVR12 was 89.5% (68/76) in all patients and 91.5% (65/71) in RAV-negative patients. CONCLUSIONS: DCV+ASV showed good efficacy in patients with HCV Ib infection in Korea. Close monitoring is needed for severe adverse events and treatment failure, which were uncommon.


Subject(s)
Exanthema , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Humans , Interferons , Korea , Nicardipine , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: EUS can detect bile duct stones (BDS) that are undetectable on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). BDS associated with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) are small and tend to be excreted spontaneously. This study evaluated the usefulness of early EUS in patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT. METHODS: Forty-one patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT underwent EUS within 24 hours of admission and were diagnosed with BDS, sludge, dilated common bile duct (CBD), or normal CBD. ERCP was performed in patients with BDS, sludge, or clinical deterioration. The diagnostic yield and the effects of early EUS on morbidity, mortality, and the length of hospitalization were evaluated. RESULTS: EUS detected BDS or sludge in 48.8% of patients examined. BDS was the diagnosis in 13 patients, sludge in seven, and neither for 21 patients. ERCP was performed in 20 patients with BDS or sludge, in two patients with coexisting cholangitis, and in one patient with worsening liver function tests. ERCP identified BDS in 12 patients and sludge in seven. No lesions were diagnosed in four patients by ERCP. All patients improved, and the length of hospitalization in patients with ERCP was 9.0 days, without ERCP 7.1 days. Two patients with major complications by ERCP were hospitalized for a prolonged time. CONCLUSIONS: Early EUS may be useful to select patients for therapeutic ERCP in cases of suspected ABP with undetectable BDS on MDCT.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Choledocholithiasis , Common Bile Duct , Diagnosis , Endosonography , Gallstones , Hospitalization , Humans , Liver Function Tests , Mortality , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Pancreatitis , Sewage
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164817

ABSTRACT

Biliary hamartoma and congenital hepatic fibrosis belong to fibrocystic disorders originating from ductal plate malformation. A 66-year-old man who had incidentally been diagnosed with biliary hamartoma two years ago presented to us with recurrent acute cholangitis. In the first episode, he had presented with septic shock and was treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and cholecystectomy under the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis. However, during a two-month follow-up period, the patient experienced four episodes of acute cholangitis. Because he showed normal ERCP, and biliary hamartoma is usually asymptomatic, a liver biopsy was performed. Pathology revealed combined features of biliary hamartoma and congenital hepatic fibrosis, characterized as periportal fibrosis and intrahepatic ductular dysplasia. During follow-up for the last six months, he had experienced two episodes of acute cholangitis and was treated with antibiotics. A follow-up abdominal CT scan revealed aggravated hepatosplenomegaly compared to that of two years ago. We report a case of combined congenital hepatic fibrosis and biliary hamartoma and a literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biopsy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis, Acute , Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hamartoma , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Shock, Septic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58253

ABSTRACT

Peg-interferon and ribavirin has been the standard therapy of chronic hepatitis C for the past 15 years in Korea. However, the treatment paradigm is changing. Direct acting agents (DAAs) are oral pills that can be easily taken. In addition, DAAs are more effective and have less adverse reactions compared to the previously used drugs. Chronic hepatitis C is hard to treat because the virus is error-prone virus. Host immunity is helpless against the hepatitis C virus since it evades the host immunity through various complex mechanisms. There are 6 genotypes. Quasispecies can co-exist even in the same patients. The treatment strategy is based on the combination of the individual drug corresponding to each step of viral replication process. NS5B nucleosides are the most powerful and effective drug available until now. Other drugs with different mechanisms of action can be used to provide synergy. NS5A and NS5B inhibition drugs currently belong to the leading group amongst many DAAs. These drugs will soon be available in Korea. We have to know the merits and adverse drug reactions of the new drug.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Genotype , Guidelines as Topic , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Urocortin 1, a corticotropin-releasing factor related peptide, increases colonic motility under stressful conditions. We investigated the effect of urocortin 1 on colonic motility using an experimental model with isolated rat colon in which the blood flow and intestinal nerves were preserved. Furthermore, we assessed whether this effect was mediated by adrenergic or cholinergic nerves. METHODS: Colonic motility was measured in the proximal and distal parts of resected rat colon. The colon resected from the peritoneum was stabilized, and then urocortin 1 (13.8, 138, 277, and 1,388 pM) was administered via a blood vessel. Motility index was measured in the last 5 min of the 15 min administration of urocortin 1 and expressed as percentage change from baseline. Subsequently, the change in motility was measured by perfusing urocortin 1 in colons pretreated with phentolamine, propranolol, hexamethonium, atropine, or tetrodotoxin. RESULTS: At concentrations of 13.8, 138, 277, and 1,388 pM, urocortin 1 increased the motility of proximal colon (20.4+/-7.2%, 48.4+/-20.9%, 67.0+/-25.8%, and 64.2+/-20.9%, respectively) and the motility of distal colon (3.3+/-3.3%, 7.8+/-7.8%, 71.1+/-28.6%, and 87.4+/-32.5%, respectively). The motility induced by urocortin 1 was significantly decreased by atropine to 2.4+/-2.4% in proximal colon and 3.4+/-3.4% in distal colon (p<0.05). However, tetrodotoxin, propranolol, phentolamine, and hexamethonium did not inhibit motility. CONCLUSIONS: Urocortin 1 increased colonic motility and it is considered that this effect was directly mediated by local muscarinic cholinergic receptors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon/drug effects , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Muscle Contraction/drug effects , Neurotransmitter Agents/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cholinergic/chemistry , Urocortins/isolation & purification
12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 421-427, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17781

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic exploration of the common bile duct (CBD) is difficult and dangerous in patients with Billroth II gastrectomy (B-II). Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) via a cap-fitted forward-viewing endoscope has been reported to be an effective and safe procedure. We analyzed the technical success and complications of EPBD in patients who underwent B-II. METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients with B-II were enrolled from among 2,378 patients who had undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in a single institute in the last 4 years. The EPBD procedure was carried out using a cap-fitted forward-viewing endoscope with 8-mm balloon catheters for 60 seconds. We analyzed the rates of CBD exploration, technical success, and complications. RESULTS: Afferent loop intubation was performed in all patients and selective cannulation of the bile duct was performed in 32 patients (88.9%). Complications such as transient hypoxia were observed in two patients (5.6%) and perforation, in three patients (9.7%). The perforation sites were ductal injury in two patients and one patient showed retroperitoneal air alone without symptoms. Three patients manifested different clinical courses of severe acute pancreatitis and peritonitis, transient abdominal pain, and retroperitoneal air alone. The condition of one patient improved with surgery and that of the other two patients, with conservative management. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with perforation during EPBD in B-II showed different clinical courses. Tailored treatment strategies are necessary for improving the clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Hypoxia , Bile Ducts , Catheterization , Catheters , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Common Bile Duct , Endoscopes , Gastrectomy , Gastroenterostomy , Humans , Intubation , Pancreatitis , Peritonitis
13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 201-204, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8103

ABSTRACT

Most infants with repaired gastroschisis develop normally and remain in good health. About 10% of patients with gastroschisis have other malformations. We report a case of choledocholithiasis and intestinal malrotation in an adolescent with repaired gastroschisis. A 17-year-old girl presented with fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain. She had undergone an operation to repair gastroschisis at birth. Physical examination revealed icteric sclera, a tight abdominal wall, and a longitudinal surgical scar at the midline. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a round calcifying lesion near the pancreas and a midline-positioned liver and gallbladder. Absence of the retroperitoneal duodenum and the anterior and left-sided position of the superior mesenteric vein compared with the superior mesenteric artery were observed. Results of abarium examination revealed intestinal malrotation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed diffuse dilatation of the biliary trees and a malpositioned gallbladder. A single stone was removed by using a basket. The clinical symptoms improved after the patient underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Wall , Adolescent , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Choledocholithiasis , Cicatrix , Dilatation , Duodenum , Female , Fever , Gallbladder , Gastroschisis , Humans , Infant , Jaundice , Liver , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mesenteric Veins , Pancreas , Parturition , Physical Examination , Sclera
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 747-751, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209549

ABSTRACT

Familial juvenile polyposis (FJP) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder that is characterized by the development of multiple distinct juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and an increased risk of cancer. Recently, germline mutations, including mutations in the SMAD4, BMPR1A, PTEN and, possibly, ENG genes, have been found in patients with juvenile polyps. We herein report a family with juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) with a novel germline mutation in the SMAD4 gene. A 21-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding and was found to have multiple polyps in his stomach, small bowel, and colon. His mother had a history of gastrectomy for multiple gastric polyps with anemia and a history of colectomy for colon cancer. A review of the histology of the polyps revealed juvenile polyps in both patients. Subsequently, mutation screening in DNA samples from the patients revealed a germline mutation in the SMAD4 gene. The pair had a novel mutation in exon 10 (stop codon at tyrosine 413). To our knowledge, this mutation has not been previously described. Careful family history collection and genetic screening in JPS patients are needed to identify FJP, and regular surveillance is recommended.


Subject(s)
Exons , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Intestinal Polyposis/congenital , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary/genetics , Smad4 Protein/genetics , Young Adult
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168393

ABSTRACT

The interactions between the tumor microenvironment and tumor cells determine the behavior of the primary tumors. Whether cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) have a tumor progressive or a protective role likely depends on the type of tumor cells and the CAF subpopulation. In the present study, we analyzed the prognostic significance of CAF subpopulations in colorectal cancer (CRC). CAF phenotypes were analyzed in 302 CRC patients by using antibodies against podoplanin (PDPN), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and S100A4. The relationship between the CAF phenotypes and 11 clinicopathological parameters were evaluated and their prognostic significance was analyzed from the disease-free and overall survival times. We observed that at the tumor invasive front, PDPN CAFs were present in 40% of the cases, and S100A4 or alpha-SMA CAFs were detected in all the cases. PDPN/S100A4 and alpha-SMA/S100A4 dual-stained CAFs were observed in 10% and 40% of the cases, respectively. The PDPN+ CAFs were associated with 6 favorable clinicopathological parameters and prolonged disease-free survival time. The PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) CAFs were associated with 6 aggressive clinicopathological parameters and tended to exhibit shorter disease-free survival time. On the other hand, the PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs were associated with 2 tumor progression parameters, but not with disease prognosis. The PDPN+ CAF phenotype is distinct from the alpha-SMA or S100A4 CAFs in that it is associated with less aggressive tumors and a favorable prognosis, whereas the PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) or PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs are associated with tumor progression in CRC. These findings suggest that CAFs can be a useful prognostic biomarker or potential targets of anti-cancer therapy in CRC.


Subject(s)
Actins/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies/immunology , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/immunology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Phenotype , Prognosis , S100 Proteins/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ampullary adenomyoma is a benign lesion whose malignant potential has yet to be confirmed. Despite its benign nature, adenomyoma is frequently misdiagnosed as a carcinoma or adenoma and is overtreated by extensive surgery. This study was performed to analyze the clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical features of adenomyomas in the ampulla of Vater. METHODS: Nine cases of adenomyoma in the ampulla of Vater, diagnosed in Chungbuk National University Hospital between 2008 and 2011, were enrolled in this study. We reviewed the clinical data on the symptoms, laboratory data, and radiologic findings of the abdominal computed tomography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. For pathological analysis, all the slides were reviewed by one pathologist, and immunohistochemical stainings with antibodies against cytokeratin 7 (CK7), cytokeratin 20 (CK20), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and Ki-67 antigen were performed. RESULTS: All the cases were CK7 positive and CK20 negative. A strong cytoplasmic expression of alpha-SMA was confirmed in all cases. The Ki-67 index was less than 1% in eight cases and 5% in one case. Four cases underwent endoscopic papillectomy, and one case received surgical ampullectomy during colorectal cancer surgery. Five cases that underwent endoscopic or surgical treatment remained symptom-free for three years. Four cases that were closely observed with repeated endoscopic examinations exhibited no interval changes in the papillary lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic biopsy and immunohistochemistry can aid in the diagnosis of ampullary adenomyomas. Endoscopic papillectomy or surgical ampullectomy is adequate for the treatment of symptomatic ampullary adenomyomas.


Subject(s)
Actins/metabolism , Adenomyoma/pathology , Aged , Ampulla of Vater/pathology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Keratin-20/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
17.
Intestinal Research ; : 100-106, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ischemic colitis has a clinical spectrum ranging from mild reversible colitis to an acute fulminant course. Early and accurate diagnosis is therefore mandatory for a good clinical outcome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a colonoscopy and histological examination with biopsy in the early and accurate diagnosis of ischemic colitis. METHODS: We investigated the clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings with the histopathology of 89 cases of ischemic colitis from October 2002 to August 2012 in a tertiary-care hospital. All patients underwent a colonoscopy with biopsy within a few days of the onset of symptoms, and the histological features from the biopsy specimens were reviewed. In addition, the occurrence of complications by colonoscopy with biopsy was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 65.8+/-12.6 years (male:female, 1:2.2). The major combined disorders were hypertension (51.7%), diabetes (31.5%), and arrhythmia (19.1%). The clinical features usually presented with hematochezia (83.1%), abdominal pain (77.5%), and diarrhea (60.7%). The involved patterns were the left colon (56.2%), right colon (39.3%), and pancolon (4.5%). Based on the main histological features of ischemic colitis, including glandular atrophy (67.4%), hemorrhage (61.8%), capillary thrombi (42.7%), and coagulative necrosis of mucosa (29.2%), 67 of the 89 cases (75.3%) could be confirmed with ischemic colitis. There were no serious complications such as bowel perforation or major bleeding following the colonoscopy with biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: A colonoscopy with biopsy is beneficial and safe for the early and precise diagnosis of ischemic colitis.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrophy , Biopsy , Capillaries , Colitis , Colitis, Ischemic , Colon , Colonoscopy , Diarrhea , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Mucous Membrane , Necrosis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39208

ABSTRACT

Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a rare disease with a high mortality rate due to massive hemorrhaging and diagnostic difficulties. Although hemorrhagic regions can be identified by endoscopy, it is difficult to diagnose PAEF by this method. If PAEF is suspected, endoscopic procedure should be terminated and abdominal CT should be performed. Overlooking the herald bleeding of PAEF can lead to massive bleeding and death. An 85-year-old previously healthy male presented with a complaint of melena. Gastrointestinal endoscopy identified a hemorrhagic site in the third portion of the duodenum and endoscopic hemostasis was performed. However, during the procedure, it became apparent that the hemorrhage was probably not the result of a simple duodenal ulceration and abdominal CT was performed immediately. An aortic aneurysm connected to the duodenum was identified, confirming the diagnosis of PAEF. However, the patient died of massive hemorrhaging before an operation could be performed.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Fistula/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46501

ABSTRACT

Amiodarone is a di-iodated benzofuran derivative that is commonly used to treat patients with various cardiac arrhythmias. It is associated with side effects that involve the liver, thyroid, and other organs. Approximately 1-3% of patients treated with amiodarone suffer from symptomatic liver disease. Thyroid dysfunction occurs in 10% of patients treated with amiodarone. A 65-year-old woman with coronary heart disease and atrial fibrillation was administered with amiodarone. She developed nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, and sweating within 9 months of amiodarone administration (200 mg orally once a day). Results of the laboratory finding showed increased hepatic enzymes, and low thyroid hormone levels. A liver biopsy showed irregular arrangement of hepatocytes and diffuse micro- and macrovesicular fatty changes. Electron microscopy findings showed pleomorphic mitochondria with crystalloid inclusions and membrane-bound lysosomal structures. The liver and thyroid functions returned to normal, after the amiodarone was stopped. We describe an unusual case in which amiodarone induced hepatitis and hypothyroidism simultaneously. Physicians should take a close look to the adverse event when using amiodarone which can cause adverse effects in multiple organs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Amiodarone/adverse effects , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/complications , Female , Fibrosis/pathology , Humans , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Microscopy, Electron , Mitochondria/drug effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25409

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aims of this study were (1) to identify the useful clinical parameters of noninvasive approach for distinguishing nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and (2) to determine whether the levels of the identified parameters are correlated with the severity of liver injury in patients with NASH. METHODS: One hundred and eight consecutive patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (age, 39.8+/-13.5 years, mean+/-SD; males, 67.6%) were prospectively enrolled from 10 participating centers across Korea. RESULTS: According to the original criteria for NAFLD subtypes, 67 patients (62.0%) had NASH (defined as steatosis with hepatocellular ballooning and/or Mallory-Denk bodies or fibrosis > or =2). Among those with NAFLD subtype 3 or 4, none had an NAFLD histologic activity score (NAS) below 3 points, 40.3% had a score of 3 or 4 points, and 59.7% had a score >4 points. Fragmented cytokeratin-18 (CK-18) levels were positively correlated with NAS (r=0.401), as well as NAS components such as lobular inflammation (r=0.387) and ballooning (r=0.231). Fragmented CK-18 was also correlated with aspartate aminotransferase (r=0.609), alanine aminotransferase (r=0.588), serum ferritin (r=0.432), and the fibrosis stage (r=0.314). A fragmented CK-18 cutoff level of 235.5 U/L yielded sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 69.0%, 64.9%, 75.5% (95% CI 62.4-85.1), and 57.1% (95% CI 42.2-70.9), respectively, for the diagnosis of NASH. CONCLUSIONS: Serum fragmented CK-18 levels can be used to distinguish between NASH and NAFL. Further evaluation is required to determine whether the combined measurement of serum CK-18 and ferritin levels improves the diagnostic performance of this distinction.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Fatty Liver/classification , Female , Ferritins/blood , Fibrosis/complications , Humans , Keratin-18/analysis , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL