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1.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 9-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000995

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between dental hygiene students’ empathy, interpersonal skills, and clinical practice stress, and to improve the system and skills necessary in the clinical practice process so that individuals can adapt to and perform their duties as dental hygienists in the future. @*Methods@#From the date of approval until August 30, 2022, dental hygiene students who have experienced clinical practice were conveniently extracted. The sample size was was determined with G*power 3.1.9.7 program and 190 participants were included in the final analysis. Data analysis used the IBM SPSS Statistics 26.0 program. @*Results@#Factors affecting clinical practice stress were found to be significantly related to empathic concern and personal distress, which are sub-factors of empathy, and the explanatory power was 19.7%. @*Conclusions@#Based on the above findings, in order to reduce dental hygiene students’ clinical practice stress and improve their interpersonal skills and empathy, it is necessary to provide a systematic program tailored to the student level, and further, to improve the quality of clinical practice education through industry-academia cooperation.

2.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 40-44, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925297

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aims to examine the factors affecting resilience in dental hygiene students. @*Methods@#The participants were 200 dental hygiene students. Data were collected from June 1 to August 30, 2021 and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression by using PASW Statistics 26.0. @*Results@#Subjects’ mean scores of resilience, self-esteem, social support, and emotional intelligence were 2.99, 3.61, 3.78, and 3.25, respectively. There were significant differences in the level of resilience among credit, stress relief methods, subject health status, satisfaction of major, and aptitude for dental hygiene (P<0.05). The resilience showed a significant relationship with selfesteem (r=0.673), social support (r=0.673), and emotional intelligence (r=.804). The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that self-esteem was the highest impact predictor for resilience which explained 57.4% of the total variance (F=68.021, P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The current findings indicate that self-esteem and social support are related with resilience in dental hygiene students. Therefore, intervention strategies should be developed for improving the resilience of dental hygiene students.

3.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 156-160, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891849

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aims to determine the degree of organizational commitment, positive psychological capital, and job embeddedness among clinical dental hygienists, as well as the factors that affect their job embeddedness. The goal then is to optimize the data to develop programs that will keep the hygienists from quitting their occupations. @*Methods@#A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 190 clinical dental hygienists from Feb 1 to April 30, 2021. Data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. @*Results@#Dental hygienists scored 3.30 points on job embeddedness. These factors accounted for 68.6% of the variance in dental clinic hygienists. The variables influencing job embeddedness were Position_dummy (general hygienist/senior hygienist) and organizational commitment. These factors had a variance of 68.6% among clinical dental hygienists. @*Conclusions@#Job embeddedness of clinic dental hygienists is related to organizational commitment and positive psychological capital, and job embeddedness turned out to be the biggest effect factor. Therefore, developing programs and institutional support mechanisms for clinical dental hygienists is important to enhance their positive psychological capital and organizational commitment.

4.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 156-160, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899553

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aims to determine the degree of organizational commitment, positive psychological capital, and job embeddedness among clinical dental hygienists, as well as the factors that affect their job embeddedness. The goal then is to optimize the data to develop programs that will keep the hygienists from quitting their occupations. @*Methods@#A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 190 clinical dental hygienists from Feb 1 to April 30, 2021. Data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. @*Results@#Dental hygienists scored 3.30 points on job embeddedness. These factors accounted for 68.6% of the variance in dental clinic hygienists. The variables influencing job embeddedness were Position_dummy (general hygienist/senior hygienist) and organizational commitment. These factors had a variance of 68.6% among clinical dental hygienists. @*Conclusions@#Job embeddedness of clinic dental hygienists is related to organizational commitment and positive psychological capital, and job embeddedness turned out to be the biggest effect factor. Therefore, developing programs and institutional support mechanisms for clinical dental hygienists is important to enhance their positive psychological capital and organizational commitment.

5.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 151-157, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835861

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study was conducted to analyze dental caries and periodontal diseases in Korean adults depending on types of national health insurance, using data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES Ⅶ). @*Methods@#From 2016 to 2018, the final analysis included a total of 12,601 adults over 19 years of age, who had undergone dental inspections for dental caries and periodontitis, and whose national health insurance was verified. @*Results@#Among all the subjects, the ratio of employees was highest (67.4%), followed by the self-employed (39.4%), and then medical care recipients (3.3%). The prevalence of dental caries and periodontitis was 93.0% and 30.5%, respectively, among all subjects. The former was highest for medical aid recipients (95.9%), followed by employees (93.1%), and was lowest for the self-employed (92.2%) (P<0.001). The latter was highest for medical aid recipients (40.7%), followed by the self-employed (35.9%), and was lowest for employees (27.7%) (P<0.001). The prevalence of dental caries in the self-employed group was significantly lower (0.52 times) than that of medical care recipients (95% CI: 0.28-0.94), while no significant difference was seen between the latter and employees. There were also no significant differences among them, depending on the types of national health insurance and periodontitis. @*Conclusions@#It is necessary to develop oral health promotion programs that are not biased toward specific types of health insurance subscriptions, and to establish a business plan for oral prevention of subscribers of medical benefits.

6.
Journal of Dental Hygiene Science ; (6): 122-132, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764409

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the types of adult attachment and determine the relationship between adult attachment and job factors in dental hygienists. Ultimately, it was necessary to identify the need for a secure attachment to improve the quality of clinical dental hygienist's services. METHODS: Data of 454 clinical dental hygienists working in dental hospitals or clinics were collected. The research tools consisted of items related to the general and work characteristics of dental hygienists (9 items), adult attachment styles (36 items), organizational commitments (12 items), occupational stress (15 items), and interpersonal relations (18 items). Cronbach's α of each tool was ≥0.7. RESULTS: Most of the participants had fearful attachment styles, followed by dismissing-avoidance, security, and preoccupation. Security was the highest level of organizational commitment according to the adult attachment style, although the differences of the levels were insignificant. For occupational stress, preoccupation was the highest, followed by fearful, security, and dismissing-avoidance, and the differences were significant (p<0.001). For interpersonal relations, security was the highest, followed by preoccupation, dismissing-avoidance, and fearful in order, and the differences were significant (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Job stress and interpersonal relation ability according to the adult attachment style of clinical dental hygienists had significant results. Thus, the development of attachment improvement programs by personal style, development of differentiated clinical education and its application, and improvements in the adult attachment styles of clinical dental hygienists would be required rather than simply presenting the needs to collectively improvement the working environment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Dental Hygienists , Education , Interpersonal Relations
7.
Journal of Dental Hygiene Science ; (6): 367-373, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719016

ABSTRACT

The consumption of beverages among children is rising. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of kid's drink on dental resin-based pit and fissure sealant. Pororo, I-kicker, Sunkist kids were included in the experimental groups, and Samdasu was included in the control group. A conventional dental sealant material (Clinpro™Sealant®) was selected for this study. Resin specimens (8 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness) were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions and the initial roughness (Ra) was then measured. The pH of all the four groups was measured using a pH meter. The specimens were individually immersed in 5 ml of the experimental solutions and stored at 37℃ for 72 hours. Following this, the surface roughness of the resin specimens was measured by Surftest. The concentration of residual monomer released was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The surface morphology of the resin specimen was evaluated before and after storage by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Duncan's test. The results showed that all the children's beverages examined in this study contained citric acid. The pH of I-kicker was the lowest (3.03±0.01), followed by that of Sunkist kids (3.26±0.02) and Pororo (3.47±0.02). We observed an increase in the surface roughness of resin specimens after 72 h of immersion in all the beverages tested (p < 0.05). There was matrix degradation after immersion, visualized on SEM image, in all the beverage groups. Bisphenol-A-glycidyl methacrylate was not detected after 72 hours, but triethylene glycol dimethacrylate levels were increased in all the beverages tested during the 72 hours by HPLC. These results suggest that intake of beverages containing acid can cause degradation of the resin-based pit and fissure sealants in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Beverages , Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Citric Acid , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Immersion , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pit and Fissure Sealants
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