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Clinical Endoscopy ; : 276-285, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832169


The area of endoscopic application has been continuously expanded since its introduction in the last century and the frequency of its use also increased stiffly in the last decades. Because gastrointestinal endoscopy is naturally exposed to diseased internal organs and contact with pathogenic materials, endoscopy mediated infection or disease transmission becomes a major concern in this field. Gastrointestinal endoscopy is not for single use and the proper reprocessing process is a critical factor for safe and reliable endoscopy procedures. What needed in these circumstances is a practical guideline for reprocessing the endoscope and its accessories which is feasible in the real clinical field to guarantee acceptable prevention of pathogen transmission. This guideline contains principles and instructions of the reprocessing procedure according to the step by step. And it newly includes general information and updated knowledge about endoscopy-mediated infection and disinfection. Multiple societies and working groups participated to revise; Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, the Korean Society of Infectious Diseases, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, the Korean Society of Gastroenterology, Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Nurses and Associates and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Through this cooperation, we enhanced communication and established a better concordance. We still need more researches in this field and fill up the unproven area. And our guidelines will be renewed accordingly.

Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Motility ; : 188-196, 2001.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-117076


BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the factors which are related to the transition from achalasia to diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) or nutcracker esophagus (NE) after botulinum toxin injection to lower esophageal sphincter (LES). METHODS: This study included the 23 patients with achalasia who received an intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin. Stational esophageal manometry, 24-hour ambulatory esophageal manometry with pH monitoring, barium esophagogram and endoscopic ultrasonography were performed before and after treatment. We analyzed the parameters from these studies between the cases that transformed to DES or NE within a week and the cases that do not transit. RESULT: Five patients (21.7%) transformed to DES (1) or NE (4) within a week. There were significant differences in contraction amplitude of esophageal body (median, 31 mmHg vs 23 mmHg, p < 0.05) and maximal diameter of esophageal body (median, 2.6 cm vs 4.4 cm, p < 0.05) between these five patients and the remaining patients. There were no significant differences in sex, LES pressure and thickness of muscle layer between two groups. CONCLUSION: Factors involved in transition to NE or DES after botulinum toxin injection to LES of achalasia appears as high amplitude contractions in body of esophagus and less dilation of esophageal body.

Humans , Barium , Botulinum Toxins , Endosonography , Esophageal Achalasia , Esophageal Motility Disorders , Esophageal Spasm, Diffuse , Esophageal Sphincter, Lower , Esophagus , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Manometry