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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 279-284, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932181

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a kind of primary malignant tumor of bone originated from mesenchymal tissue, which mainly occurs in children and adolescents, and presents the characteristics of high malignancy, rapid growth, early metastasis and poor prognosis. Currently, most of the studies at home and abroad mainly focused on therapeutic procedures. However, reliable predictors are essential for monitoring disease changes, guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis. In recent years, the research on prognosis related genes of osteosarcoma has become a new hotspot. Its abnormal expression affects the progress, invasion and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells, and plays an important role in drug resistance and chemotherapy of osteosarcoma. This paper briefly summarizes the abnormal expression of genes related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma: miRNAs, Incrna, CircRNA, ErbB gene family and the imbalance of oncogenes and immune related genes, and fully understands their characteristics, in order to provide a new direction and possible new drug treatment target for the early diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma patients, so as to improve the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 784-790, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911440

ABSTRACT

Lupus nephritis (LN) refers to renal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus and is characterized by hematuria, proteinuria, edema, hypertension and renal insufficiency. The complete remission rate of proliferative LN remains low using the current induction protocols and LN tends to flare. Scientific and standardized diagnosis and therapy are crucial for the treatment of LN. Therefore, based on the current international and domestic experiences and guidelines, the Chinese Rheumatology Association developed the recommendations of diagnosis and therapy for LN, with the purpose of enhancing efficacy, reducing flare, halting renal progression and improving outcome of LN.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 670-675, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and risk factors of in-hospital mortality in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) patients.Results:We retrospectively analyzed clinical records of polymyositis (PM), classic dermatomyositis (CDM) and clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University from February 2011 to February 2019. The deceased group was defined as the patients who died in hospital or within 2 weeks after hospital discharge, while the survival group was defined as the survival patients. The clinical features were described. Risk factors for deceased patients were identified by logistic regression analysis.Results:The in-hospital mortality rate of IIM patients ( n=424) was 9.4%. The hospitalization time was longer in deceased group ( n=40) [0.9(0.5, 1.0) m vs 0.6(0.4, 1.0) m, Z=-2.159, P<0.05]. Ferritin [1170.8(757.6, 3 759.9) μg/L vs 374.9(182.1, 993.4) μg/L, Z=-4.665], red blood cell distribution width (RDW) [15.2(14.5, 16.3)% vs 14.4(13.5, 15.2)%, Z=-3.066], CRP con-centrations [11.3(4.4, 36.9) mg/L vs 5.1(1.8, 17.2) mg/L, Z=-2.667] and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) [10.1(5.5, 18.9) vs 4.2(2.6, 6.5), Z=-5.108] were higher in deceased group ( P<0.05). Proportion of patients with high levels of CEA (45.0% vs 12.5%, χ2=15.745), glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) (55.0% vs 23.8%, χ2=11.578), fucosidase (AFU) (35.0% vs 10.0%, χ2=10.902) and with complications [including pro-gressive in-terstitial lung disease (ILD) (60.0% vs 16.3%, χ2=23.934), pulmonary infection (72.5% vs 20.0%, χ2=31.360), hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (35.0% vs 1.3%, χ2=27.771) and low T3 syndrome (50.0% vs 17.5%, χ2=16.644) were higher in deceased group ( P<0.05). Steroid pulse therapy and intravenous immuno-globulin therapy were more common in deceased group. Higher on-admission disease activity [ OR=1.593, 95% CI(1.255, 2.022), P<0.001], progressive ILD [ OR=5.600, 95% CI(1.510, 20.772), P=0.010] and pulmonary infection [ OR=6.771, 95% CI(2.031, 22.574), P=0.002] were independent risk factors for death in IIM patients. In su-bsection analysis, pulmonary infection and respiratory failure were short-term adverse prognostic factors for IIM patients with progressive ILD, while heliotrope rash, progressive ILD and increased steroid dose therapy were short-term adverse prognostic factors for IIM patients with pulmonary infection. Conclusion:High disease activity at admission, progressive ILD and pulmonary infection are the independent risk factors for death in IIM patients. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor above indicators during hospitalization.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2156-2160, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide reference for future research based on bibliometric analysis on research status and developing trend of the application of ultrasonography for insertion of naso-intestinal tubes in China.Methods:All published literatures on the application of ultrasonography for insertion of naso-intestinal tubes were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang Database, CBM and VIP before September 2019.Results:A total of 54 effective literatures were included and published in 40 Chinese journals and the number of literatures increased year by year. The core journals accounted for 57.41% and the fund literature accounted for 25.93% of the total literature. Experimental and quasi-experimental studies, accounted for 88.89% of the total literature. The main subjects were adult critically ill patients, accounting for 98.15%. The main research contents of the included studies were ultrasound-guided naso-intestinal tube placement and ultrasonic naso-intestinal tube localization.Conclusions:Studies on the ultrasonography for insertion of naso-intestinal tubes in China is still in its initial stage and are developing rapidly. While the distribution of the research area is unbalanced, the depth and scope of the studies are not enough, and the research types and contents are relatively limited. In the future, it is necessary to carry out multicenter and large sample research, combine quantitative research with qualitative research, pay more attention to the application of nasal-intestinal tube in critically ill children to broaden the breadth and scope of the research content.

5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 654-662, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the change of intestinal microecology in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) and correlation with disease activity, and also discuss the therapy effect of Yangyin Yiqi Huoxue Recipe (, YYHD).@*METHODS@#Sixteen pSS patients were enrolled in the present study, who received 3-month treatment of YYHR, 200 mL orally twice daily. Their pre-and post-test ESSDAI scores, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels were measured respectively. The 16SrDNA metagenomic sequencing was used to detect and analyze the abundance and diversity of intestinal bacteria flora and the proportion of bacteria at the levels of phylum, family, and genus, in comparision with those of 6 healthy subjects in the control group.@*RESULTS@#The abundance and diversity of intestinal bacteria flora in pSS patients were lower than those of healthy subjects (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There exists an imbalance of intestinal microecology in pSS patients, which can be improved through the treatment with YYHD. Besides, such treatment can also improve the disease activity and adjust the diversity of intestinal bacteria flora, the composition and the abundance of intestinal flora.

6.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 204-206, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694236

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and feasibility of reconstruction technique of atrial septum puncture trajectory with the help of three - dimensional mapping system in performing radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. Methods Sixty- eight consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation received two times of atrial septum puncture under fluoroscopic guidance to perform radiofrequency catheter ablation. Carto 3, a three - dimensional mapping system, was employed to construct the real time left atrium and pulmonary vein anatomy by using a rapid anatomical mapping (FAM) model. Then, FAM model was used to construct the trajectory, along which the ablation catheter passed from left atrium through the long sheath to the right atrium and finally into the inferior vena cava. The safety and the feasibility of this catheter trajectory, which could allow the catheter repeatedly enter the left atrium, were evaluated. Results By using 3D-reconstruction technique of atrial septum puncture trajectory, the ablation catheter could repeatedly enter the left atrium at right anterior oblique position as well as at left anterior oblique position under zero X-ray fluoroscopy. The average time spent for the procedure was (12. 18±2. 28) seconds. No any complication occurred. Conclusion The reconstruction technique of atrial septum puncture trajectory with the help of three-dimensional mapping system is simple and feasible, the ablation catheter can repeatedly enter the left atrium, the X-ray exposure time spent for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation can be greatly reduced. (J Intervent Radiol, 2018, 27: 204-206)

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1641-1646, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618142

ABSTRACT

Objective To regulate nutrition support nursing, facilitate the development of nursing specialty, cultivate nutrition support nurse. Methods Establish nursing specialist team on nutrition support. 30 nurses received theory training, skill training, clinical practice, and completion reporting. Conduct nutrition knowledge management survey. Establish standardized wards of nutrition support nursing and conduct special inspection. Results Nursing specialist team on nutrition support was established, and 29 nutrition support nurses were cultivated. Before training, nurses' knowledge of nutrition and nutrition nursing management score were (3.46 ± 0.47), (0.70 ± 0.24) points, and the score were (4.63±0.14), (0.90±0.27) points after training, results was statistically significant (t=12.848, 2.981, P<0.01). Before and after special inspection of enteral nutrition, enteral nutrition pump and special infusion tube cases were 106,60 and 106, 60, results were statistically significant (χ2=4.747, 4.471, P<0.05). Before and after special inspection of parenteral nutrition, correct infusion and speed cases were 90, 92 and 61, 54, results were statistically significant (χ2=4.642, 7.644, P<0.05 or 0.01). Conclusions The development of nursing specialty of nutrition support was promoted, nurses′ comprehensive ability and self-identity was improved, management quality of nutrition support was.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2195-2201, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663027

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of dihydroartemisinin ( DHA) adjuvant treatment on enhancing the antitumor effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) against gastric cancer .METHODS:The gastric cancer BGC-823 cells were di-vided into control group , DHA group, 5-FU group, 5-FU+DHA group and 5-FU+DHA+SIRT1 plasmid group.The via-bility of BGC-823 cells treated with DHA and 5-FU was measured by MTT assay .The expression of SIRT1 and NADPH ox-idase, activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, and phosphorylation of ASK1 and JNK in the BGC-823 cells treated with DHA and 5-FU were determined by Western blot .The production of ROS and the apoptosis of the BGC-823 cells treated with DHA and 5-FU were analyzed by flow cytometry .RESULTS:Dihydroartemisinin significantly inhibited the expression of SIRT1 and increased NADPH oxidase protein level (P<0.05).DHA increased the sensitivity of BGC-823 cells to 5-FU, thus decreasing the IC50 of 5-FU to the gastric cancer cells.However, transfection with SIRT1 plasmid decreased the cytotoxicity of DHA and 5-FU co-treatment to the BGC-823 cells.DHA promoted the production of ROS and phosphoryla-tion of ASK1 and JNK induced by 5-FU in the BGC-823 cells ( P<0.05 ) .However , ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine ( NAC) or JNK specific inhibitor SP600125 inhibited the cell death and activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 induced by DHA and 5-FU co-treatment (P<0.05).In addition, NAC significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of JNK in the BGC-823 cells co-treated with DHA and 5-FU.However, treatment with SP600125 did not influence the ROS production in the BGC-823 cells, indicating that JNK was the downstream target of ROS pathway .CONCLUSION: Combination of DHA with 5-FU induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in gastric cancer cells through the SIRT 1/NADPH oxidase/ROS/JNK sig-naling pathway .

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1720-1722, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642114

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the clinical effect of therapeutic soft corneal contact lens in combination with fresh amniotic membrane transplantation in the treatment of pterygium and its clinical value. ●METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 200 pterygium excision patients (200 cases, 220 eyes) in hospital from January 2010-June 2011. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 (100 cases, 110 eyes) were patients treated with fresh amniotic membrane transplantation and therapeutic soft corneal contact lens while group 2 ( control group, 100 cases, 110 eyes) did not use corneal contact lens. The clinical outcomes in these two groups were compared in a 6 - 18mo postoperative follow-up observation. ●RESULTS: ln control group using corneal contact lens the epithelium repair time ranged from 2 - 7d with an average time of 3. 8d; in group 1 the epithelial repair time ranged from 1 - 5d with an average time of 2. 5d. The patients were followed up for 6 - 18mo, 9 recurrent eyes were found in control group, the recurrence rate was 8. 2%; 5 recurrent eyes were found in experimental group the recurreat rate was 4. 5%. There were significant differences in the 2 groups comparing treatment outcomes (P ●CONCLUSlON:The therapeutic effect of fresh amniotic membrane transplantation after pterygium excision is enhanced by the therapeutic application of corneal contact lens. The epithelial repair time is shortened, the recurrence rate is reduced after pterygium excision and stimulative symptoms including photophobia, tearing, foreign body sensation and ophthalmodynia caused by corneal epithelial defect can be relieved.

10.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 268-271, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425296

ABSTRACT

Obesity has been identified as one of the risk factors for malignant neoplasms,such as breast cancer.Epidemiological data shows that obesity is closely related to the development and progression of breast cancer.The pathogenesis may involve in estrogen,insulin,leptin,adiponectin and inflammation factors.Therefore,maintain normal body weight may contribute to the prevention of breast cancer.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 160-165, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341262

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess if the modulating effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB on p21(WAF1) was mediated by upregulating transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(1) expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TGF-beta(1) mRNA and protein expressions were measured by reverse transcription-PCR and ELISA, the protein expressions of p21(WAF1) and the downstream TGF-beta signalling including TGF-beta type I receptor (ALK-5 in VSMC), Smurf2, pSmad2/3, Smad4, Smad7 were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PDGF-BB significantly upregulated the expressions of TGF-beta(1) at mRNA (0.79-fold) and protein (1.98-fold) levels in VSMC, significantly inhibited the expression of p21(WAF1) (-67 +/- 12)%, and enhanced the expressions of ALK-5, pSmad2/3, Smad4, Smurf2 protein by 1.21-fold, 0.95-fold, 0.69-fold and 2.55-fold respectively, inhibited Smad7 expression (-65 +/- 9)%, these alterations were partially restored by anti-TGF-beta(1) neutralizing antibody.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>These findings suggested that PDGF-BB inhibited p21(WAF1) expression in VSMC partially through upregulating TGF-beta(1) expression via PDGF-BB and TGF-beta signalling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Division , Cells , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 252-258, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341244

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effects of adiponectin on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and the potential mechanisms in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two male rats aged 8 weeks were randomly assigned to sham operation (sham), myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MIR), diltiazem treatment (diltiazem) or adiponectin administration (APN) groups (n = 8 each). MIR rats underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion for 30 min followed by 60 min reperfusion. Diltiazem (7 microg/g) and APN (120 ng/g) were given by caudal intravenous injection at the end of 30 min ischemia and the beginning of reperfusion for rats in diltiazem or APN groups. Animals were sacrificed after 60 min reperfusion for determining the myocardial nitric oxide (NO), Caspase 3, activity of AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK) and concentration of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). Apoptotic cells were stained by Caspase 3 Activity Assay Kit and mitochondria in myocardial cells were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The myocardial Caspase 3 level was significantly increased [(168.50 +/- 30.08) micromol/L vs. (53.25 +/- 11.41) micromol/L, P < 0.01], AMPK activity, PPARgamma and NO concentrations were significantly reduced in MIR group compared with those in sham group (all P < 0.05) [(0.74 +/- 0.59) IU/ml vs. (25.63 +/- 4.61) IU/ml, P < 0.01; 0.1894 vs. 0.7949, P < 0.01; (6.359 +/- 1.355) micromol/L vs. (10.396 +/- 1.901) micromol/L, P < 0.01], these effects could be significantly reversed by APN. In comparison with MIR group, the levels of Caspase 3 in cardiac muscles were significantly lowered in Adiponectin group [(88.75 +/- 6.92) micromol/L vs. (168.50 +/- 30.08) micromol/L, P < 0.01], whereas the level of AMPK and PPARgamma, NO concentration in the cardiac muscle was remarkably increased [(27.22 +/- 4.76) IU/ml vs. (0.74 +/- 0.59) IU/ml, P < 0.01; 0.8613 vs. 0.1894, P < 0.01; (15.755 +/- 1.045) micromol/L vs. (6.359 +/- 1.355) micromol/L, P < 0.01]. APN also preserved the function and structure of mitochondria in rats post ischemia/reperfusion injury. The protective pharmacologic actions of APN were superior to that of diltiazem.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adiponectin could protect myocardial tissues from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats, possibly by upregulating myocardial AMPK and PPARgamma expressions and preventing myocardial cells from apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Adiponectin , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Diltiazem , Pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Myocardium , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1882-1886, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336293

ABSTRACT

Sponges (Porifera) are the oldest living metazoan in the world, among which most of them (Demospongia) can produce silicic skeleton from orthosilicic acid in the seawater under the natural enVironmental conditions. These biosilicic materials exhibit good mechanical and optical properties as well as good biocompatibility. During the biosilicification process of sponges, a protein, named as silicatein, plays an important role and has attracted great attention from biologist, chemists and material scientists. This mini review highlights the discovery of silicateins and its function as both an enzymatic catalyst and an organic template for biosilicification. The studies since 1999 were briefly introduced on the application of silicatein as a biocatalyst and template for synthesis of silica-based and other inorganic materials. It is expected to stimulate the interests in the related researches in China.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocatalysis , Biocompatible Materials , Cathepsins , Chemistry , Porifera , Silicon Dioxide , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 780-784, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397868

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of recombinant human growth hormone(rhGH)on myocardial inflammatory cytokine expression and heart function in rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). MethodsRats with AMI induced by left anterior descending coronary branch ligation were randomized to rhGH and control groups compared with sham-operated group. The effects of 4 weeks of therapy with GH starting 24 hours after myocardial infarction on myocardial cytokines expression and heart function were studied. Myocardial inflammation was examined by analyzing the myocardial cytokine production including the pro-inflammatory cytokines: interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and the anti-inflammatory cytokine: IL-10. Echocardiography was used to evaluate heart function. ResultsThe levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 in the infarcted and non-infarcted region of control group were markedly elevated compared to sham-operated group (all P<0.05). After 4 weeks therapy, rhGH reduced the expression of TNF -α, IL-1β, IL-6 and increased IL-10 expression in the infarcted and non-infarcted region of rhGH group compared to control group (all P<0. 05 ). Echocardiography showed that rhGH markedly improved left heart function (P<0. 05 ). ConclusionsEarly rhGH treatment can improve heart function and myocardial inflammatory cytokine expression after AMI. One of immunopharmacologic mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of rhGH on heart function improvement may involve the attenuation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the increase of anti-inflammatory cytokine levels in cardiac myocytes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518330

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the effects of different doses of valsartan alone or with concomitant benazepril on blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, RAAS function and endoxin level in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Thirty SHR (fourteen-week-old, male) were divided into five groups (six rats in each group ): SHR control group: fed with normal saline; benazepril group: fed with 1 mg?kg -1 ?d -1 benazepril); low dose valsartan group: fed with 8 mg?kg -1 ?d -1 valsartan ; high dose valsartan group: fed with 24 mg?kg -1 ?d -1 valsartan ; combination drug therapy group: fed with valsartan (8 mg?kg -1 ?d -1 ) and benazepril (1 mg?kg -1 ?d -1 ), all for 8 weeks. WKY control group (n=6):fed with normal saline for 8 weeks.RESULTS: SBP, LVM/BW,TDM of SHR were remarkably lower than those of control after drug intervene, and effect on SBP was most remarkable in high dose valsartan group and in the combination drug therapy group; effect on LVM/BW,TDM were most remarkable in combination drug therapy group. Renin activities in plasma and myocardium were remarkably increased in drug intervene groups. The levels of Ang Ⅱ in plasma and myocardium were remarkably increased in two different dose of valsartan treating group, and the larger dose of valsartan were, the higher levels of Ang Ⅱ in plasma and myocardium were; decreased in benazepril treating group and combination drug therapy group. Na +-K +-ATPase activities in myocardium were remarkably increased and the level of endoxin in myocardium were remarkably decreased as SBP decreased after drug intervene. CONCLUSION: Different dose of valsartan alone or combined with benazepril can decrease SBP of SHR, have the effect of inhibiting progression of ventricular hypertrophy. The effect of combination drug therapy group was most remarkable among five groups and can avoid the side effect of high AngⅡ in plasma and myocardium during long-term use of valsartan alone.

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