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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 236-243, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012494

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of survival of patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 66 patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox’s regression models were adopted to analyze the influencing factors of survival of all patients with airway stenosis and those with early airway stenosis. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and delineate the survival curve. Results For 66 patients with airway stenosis, the median airway stenosis-free time was 72 (52,102) d, 27% (18/66) for central airway stenosis and 73% (48/66) for distal airway stenosis. Postoperative mechanical ventilation time [hazard ratio (HR) 1.037, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.005-1.070, P=0.024] and type of surgery (HR 0.400, 95%CI 0.177-0.903, P=0.027) were correlated with the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The longer the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, the higher the risk of mortality of the recipients. The overall survival of airway stenosis recipients undergoing bilateral lung transplantation was better than that of their counterparts after single lung transplantation. Subgroup analysis showed that grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD) (HR 4.577, 95%CI 1.439-14.555, P=0.010) and immunosuppressive drugs (HR 0.079, 95%CI 0.022-0.287, P<0.001) were associated with the survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation without grade 3 PGD was better compared with that of those with grade 3 PGD. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation treated with tacrolimus was superior to that of their counterparts treated with cyclosporine. Conclusions Long postoperative mechanical ventilation time, single lung transplantation, grade 3 PGD and use of cyclosporine may affect the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 300-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965056

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion injury after lung transplantation is the main cause of primary graft dysfunction, which will subsequently reduce the function of lung allograft and lower the overall survival rate of lung transplant recipients. As a physiological regulatory molecule, hydrogen molecule has the functions of anti-inflammation, easing oxidative stress, alleviating direct cell injury and mitigating epithelial edema. Recent studies have demonstrated that hydrogen molecule and its products (hydrogen and hydrogen-rich solution) could significantly mitigate ischemia-reperfusion injury and postoperative complications after lung transplantation. In this article, the protective effect and exact mechanism of hydrogen molecule and its products in lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide theoretical basis for the application of hydrogen molecule and its products as a novel treatment for lung transplantation-related complications, enhance the overall prognosis and improve the quality of life of lung transplant recipients

3.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 250-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of the first-day suspension method for improving the success rate of construction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-patient derived organoids (NPC-PDO). Methods: The tumor samples of 14 nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients, i.e.,13 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 43.0±12.0 years old, were collected from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2022 to July 2022. The tumor samples of 3 patients were digested into single cell suspension and divided into 2 groups, for comparing the efficacy of NPC-PDO construction by the direct inoculation method and the first-day suspension method. The remaining 11 patients were randomized to receive either the direct inoculation method or the first-day suspension method for NPC-PDO construction. The diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the two methods were compared by optical microscope; the 3D cell viability detection kit was used to compare the cell viability; the survival rates were compared by trypan blue staining; the success rates of the two construction methods were compared; the number of cases which could be successfully passaged for more than 5 generations and were consistent with the original tissue by pathological examination was counted; and the dynamic changes of cells in suspension overnight were observed by live cell workstation. The independent sample t-test was applied to compare the measurement data of the two groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare the classification data. Results: Compared with the direct inoculation, the diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the first-day suspension method were increased, with a higher cell activity, and the success rate of construction was obviously improved (80.0% vs 16.7%, χ2=4.41, P<0.05). In the suspension state, some of the cells aggregated and increased their ability to proliferate. Conclusion: The first-day suspension method can improve the success rate of NPC-PDO construction, especially for those whose original tumor sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , China , Microscopy , Organoids , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 266-270, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of free posterior tibial artery perforator flap in repair of forefoot soft tissue defect.Methods:From January 2017 to January 2021, a retrospective study was conducted on 13 patients with forefoot soft tissue defect, metatarsal head exposed, and forefoot transverse arch integrity, including 9 males and 4 females. The age was (40.0±13.0) years old. Cause of injury: 8 cases of traffic accident injury, 5 cases of heavy object smashing injury. Seven cases had forefoot skin defect and toe damage, and 6 cases had forefoot skin avulsion injury, open toe fracture with tendon, blood vessel and nerve injury. The wound area was 4.5 cm×3.0 cm-8.0 cm×6.0 cm. VSD treatment was performed in the first stage, and free posterior tibial artery perforator flap was used for the second stage. The flap area was 5.5 cm×4.0 cm-9.0 cm×7.0 cm. Outpatient reviews scheduled at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after surgery, through outpatient clinic, telephone or WeChat. The flaps were evaluated according to appearance, texture, sensory recovery, and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hind foot function scoring system.Results:All 13 flaps survived. The follow-up lasted for 6 to 24 months. The feet were in good shape, walking with weight beries, and the flaps had satisfactory appearance without wear and tear. Five cases were S 3, 6 were S 2, and 2 were S 1. According to AOFAS ankle-hindfoot function score, 4 had excellent scores, 7 were in good, and 2 in fair. Conclusion:The free posterior tibial artery perforator flap has relatively constant perforators, and the pedicle of the middle and upper perforators is longer, and the flap can build part of the sensation. Posterior artery perforator flap is a good flat for repairing the soft tissue defects of the metatarsal head of the forefoot.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 634-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941485

ABSTRACT

Objective To modify the mouse model of orthotopic left lung transplantation from different perspectives, aiming to establish a simpler, faster and stabler mouse model of lung transplantation. Methods Based on preliminary modified rat model of orthotopic left lung transplantation established by our team, varying extent of modifications were made regarding the tracheal intubation, cannula preparation and anastomosis procedures of orthotopic left lung transplantation in the recipient mice. Orthotopic left lung transplantation in 40 mice were performed by an operator with microsurgical experience. The dissection of the recipient's hilar structure was carried out at the plane of the hilar clamp model within the reverse-view, and the three branches (left main bronchus, pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein) of the pulmonary hilum were anastomosed in turn by the "pendulum" anastomosis method. The operation time of each procedure was recorded. The recipient mice were sacrificed at postoperative 2 weeks, and the incidence of postoperative complications was recorded. Results Lung transplantation was successfully completed in 40 mice, with no bronchial and vascular tearing or twisting, and no bleeding at the anastomosis site. The overall cardiopulmonary procurement time was (10.7±1.5) min, cannula preparation time was (16.2±1.5) min, cold ischemia time was (25.1±2.4) min, warm ischemia time was (19.4±1.6) min, and the total operation time was (57.2±2.9) min, respectively. During the follow-up from 6 to 14 days after surgery, one recipient mouse died of pleural effusion, probably caused by infection. No pneumothorax, thrombosis or atelectasis was found in the remaining recipient mice during postoperative follow-up. Conclusions The modified mouse model of orthotopic left lung transplantation based on "pendulum" anastomosis of the reverse-view plane possesses multiple advantages of short operation time, high success rate and few complications, which is expected to become an alternative model of studying pathological changes after lung transplantation and worthy of further application.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 556-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886784

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize and analyze the key procedures of the modified rat model of orthotopic left lung transplantation, aiming to provide more experience for the establishment of rat models of lung transplantation. Methods Two surgeons (A and B) performed complete transplantation in consecutive 15 rat models, and every 5 surgeries were divided into 1 practice stage. The operating time of each transplantation procedure was recorded. The differences of overall success rate and 1-week survival rate were calculated among different practice stages. The learning curve was delineated by the cumulative sum method. Results For surgeons A and B, the number of the first successful transplantation was the 5th and 6th time, the overall success rates of transplantation were 80% and 87% respectively, and the 1-week survival rates of rats both were 92%. Along with the increasing number of surgeries, the entire cardiopulmonary procurement, cannula preparation, cold ischemia, warm ischemia, transplantation and total operation time by two surgeons showed a significantly downward trend (all P < 0.05). For surgeons A and B, 3 and 2 rats died of heart failure due to overdose anesthesia, and 1 rat died of vein distortion at postoperative 1 d and 1 died of atelectasis at postoperative 7 d, respectively. The goodness of fit (R2) of cumulative sum method was 0.992 8 and 0.976 6. The turning point of learning curve was achieved in the 7th and 8th transplantation for surgeons A and B. Conclusions The modified rat model of orthotopic left lung transplantation yields high operability and repeatability both theoretically and technologically, and has multiple advantages of short learning curve, short operation time, high survival rate of the recipients and few complications, which is worthy of application in the basic research of lung transplantation.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 539-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886781

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment of end-stage lung diseases. Nevertheless, shortage of donor lungs has become increasingly prominent worldwide. A large quantity of patients died while waiting for lung transplantation. Urgent lung transplantation is a prioritized allocation strategy for donor lung transplantation according to the urgency of diseases, aiming to shorten the waiting time for donor lungs and reduce the fatality of patients on the waiting list for lung transplantation. However, no consensus has been reached worldwide on the definition, criteria and application of the terminology of urgent lung transplantation. In addition, the survival and net benefits of lung transplant recipients based on this allocation system are still controversial. On the basis of previous clinical research on urgent lung transplantation, the definition criteria, risk factors, survival outcomes, limitations and optimization measures were explicitly elucidated in this article, aiming to provide theoretical reference for comprehensive evaluation of the feasibility of urgent lung transplantation and further optimizing the allocation system of donor lungs.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 525-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886779

ABSTRACT

Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is the largest obstacle to the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients, which represents a series of complicated clinical manifestations of significant and persistent deterioration of lung allograft function after surgery. Due to lack of effective strategies for early diagnosis and prevention, over half of lung transplant recipients will develop CLAD within postoperative 5 years, which is likely to increase to 75% within postoperative 10 years. At present, no drug can be administered to completely prevent or reverse the progression of CLAD. In recent years, since the definition, diagnosis and treatment of CLAD have been updated by International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) in 2019, the understanding of CLAD has been significantly deepened within the international community. In this article, comprehensive diagnostic methods and potential treatment strategies of CLAD were explicitly illustrated, aiming to provide theoretical reference and insights for early monitoring and management of the incidence and progression of CLAD.

9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): E009-E009, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788954

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate epidemic characteristics of a family aggregation COVID-19, and to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of family aggregation epidemic. Methods] Field epidemiological methods were used to investigate the cases and close contacts of a family aggregation COVID-19 in Y County, Chenzhou City, Hunan Province. Descriptive statistical analysis was used on epidemiological data . The 2019-nCoV nucleic acid was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. Results It was found that Ms. Deng was infected with COVID-19 and became the infectious source of the family aggregation epidemic , who had lived in Wuhan Hubei Province. Her boyfriend Mr. Cao became a second-generation case of COVID-19..Another two asymptomatic but infected persons were family members living with Ms.Deng . Conclusion COVID-19 easily spreads within families. The awareness of family members' protection, the education of new coronavirus pneumonia prevention and control in key groups should be strengthened to avoid the occurrence and spread of family aggregation epidemic.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 749-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829691

ABSTRACT

Due to the influence of immunosuppression, nerve injury and other comprehensive factors, the overall incidence of gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation is relatively high, which can cause drug absorption disorder and chronic rejection. In recent years, more and more studies have been conducted on these complications. However, due to the great difference of the incidence of gastrointestinal complications among lung transplantation centers, clinicians lack of understanding of these. In this article, the general status, common types and risk factors of gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for comprehensive management of gastrointestinal complications after lung transplantation.

11.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 5995-6001, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850629

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the high-efficiency green environmental extraction method of total flavones from Microcos paniculata (MPTF), and investigate its lipid-lowering activity. Methods: The ionic liquid was used to assist the ultrasonic extraction of MPTF, and the extraction process was investigated by single factor experiment and orthogonal test. Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group and positive control group (Resuvastatin Calcium Tablets 5.2 mg/kg) by high fat diet, high-fat model group and MPTF low, medium and high dose groups (ig dose MPTF 300, 600, 900 mg/kg), with 10 rats in each group. The total cholesterol (TC), glycerol lipid (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) levels were determinated. Results: The optimum process conditions for ultrasonic-assisted extraction of MPTF by ionic liquid were as follow: ionic liquid was [BMIM]Cl at concentration of 0.30 mol/L; ratio of material to liquid was 1:40, extraction solvent was 60% ethanol aqueous solution with extraction time of 30 min at 50 ℃. The verification test results showed that the extraction rate of total flavonoids obtained from the extraction process was high and the process was stable. The results of lipid-lowering test showed that the levels of TC, TG and LDL-C were decreased in all doses of MPTF groups, and the level of HDL-C was increased (P < 0.05). With the increase of MPTF dose, the indicators showed obvious trends in a dese-dependent manner. Conclusion: The ionic liquid combined with ultrasonic- assisted extraction of MPTF is stable and feasible, which provides reference for ionic liquid synergistic ultrasound-assisted extraction of poorly soluble active ingredients in Chinese materia medica. MPTF extract has better lipid-lowering effect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 55-58, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735054

ABSTRACT

T2 esophageal cancer refers to the invasion of esophageal tumors into the esophageal muscularis propria , of which staging, treatment and prognosis are more general and controversial than other stages of esophageal cancer .Although the TNM staging system for esophageal cancer has been continuously improved , T2 esophageal cancer has not been further subclas-sified.The accuracy of the current staging method has also been questioned.Accurate staging has important significance for the treatment of T2 esophageal cancer and prognosis.Although treatment has improved significantly in recent years , from surgery a-lone to surgery-based comprehensive treatment, from postoperative chemotherapy to preoperative neoadjuvant treatment, the treatment of T2 esophageal cancer is still inconclusive.Accurate staging and proper treatment have a significant impact on the prognosis of T2 esophageal cancer.In recent years, studies on T2 esophageal cancer have progressed rapidly, and the content of research has become more and more profound.This article reviews the research progress on the staging, treatment and prognosis of T2 esophageal cancer, providing reference for further improving the accuracy of T2 stage esophageal cancer staging, the scien-tific treatment plan and prognosis.

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 613-617, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To study the influence of povidone-iodine (PI) versus that of the benzethonium chloride wipe (BCW) on semen collection and semen quality of sperm donors undergoing penile skin disinfection and provide some evidence for the selection of disinfection methods for semen collection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used PI from August to December 2015 and BCWs from January to July 2016 for penile skin disinfection before semen collection, with two samples from each donor, one collected with and the other without penis skin disinfection (the blank control group). After semen collection, we conducted a questionnaire investigation on the influence of the two disinfection methods on semen collection and compared the semen parameters between the two groups of sperm donors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 185 sperm donors were included in this study, of whom 63 underwent penile skin disinfection with PI and the other 122 with BCWs before semen collection. Statistically significant differences were found between the PI and BCW groups in the adaptability to the disinfectant and rigid disinfection procedures (P <0.05), but not in the other items of the questionnaire (P >0.05). Compared with the sperm donors of the blank control group, those of the PI group showed statistically significant difference in the percentage of progressively motile sperm (PMS) ([63.02 ± 3.18]% vs [61.45 ± 4.78]%, P<0.05), but not in the abstinence time ([4.97 ± 1.79] vs [4.7 ± 0.94] d, P >0.05), semen volume ([4.11 ± 1.54] vs [4.15 ± 1.61] ml, P >0.05), sperm concentration ([110 ± 29.6] vs [107.5 ± 31.79] ×10⁶/ml, P >0.05), or total sperm count ([439.10 ± 170.13] vs [434.02 ± 186.91] ×106/ejaculate, P >0.05), while those of the BCW group exhibited no remarkable difference in any of the above parameters (P >0.05). Among the samples with abnormal semen quality, significantly fewer were found with abnormal PMS in the BCW than in the PI group (1.64% [2/122] vs 9.68% [6/62], P <0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the PI and BCW groups in the abnormal semen volume, abnormal sperm concentration, or the rate of semen bacterial contamination (P >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Before semen collection from donors, penile skin disinfection with povidone-iodine may affect both the semen collection process and the quality of donor sperm, while the benzethonium chloride wipe can reduce the influence on the semen collection process and does not affect the semen parameters.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Benzethonium , Disinfection , Methods , Penis , Povidone-Iodine , Semen , Semen Analysis , Skin , Sperm Count , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatozoa , Tissue Donors
14.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6308-6316, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The mechanism underlying Wal erian degeneration fol owing peripheral nerve injury is complex. Immune regulation on Wal erian degeneration is beneficial for early repair of perpheral nerve injury. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of Tol-like receptor 4 (TLR4) antagonist on Wal erian degeneration and axonal regeneration after early peripheral nerve injury in rats. METHODS:Fifty male Wistar rats were recruited and randomly divided into treatment group (n=20), model group (n=20) and sham group (n=10). The right sciatic nerves of rats in treatment and model groups were cut and sutured end-to-end, while the sciatic nerves of rats in sham group were only exposed. In the treatment group rats were intravenously injected with 0.15 mg/kg TAK-242 via tail vein 1 hour preoperatively and 7 days postoperatively, and the rats in the other two groups were given intravenous injection of the same volume of normal saline. The sciatic nerves were removed at 24 hours, 3, 4 and 7 days after surgery. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Real-time PCR indicated that the mRNA expressions of interleukin-1βand monocyte chemoattractant-1 were significantly increased in the model group compared with the sham group at 24 hours after surgery (both P<0.001), while the expressions were significantly decreased after TAK-242 injection (both P<0.001). Immunofluorescence showed that compared with the model group, down-regulated expression of CD68+and iba1+cel s appeared in the treatment group at 3 days after surgery (P<0.01, P<0.05). Luxol fast blue staining revealed that demyelination at the sciatic nerve stump appeared in both model and treatment groups at postoperative 7 days, but myelin debris clearance in the treatment group was significantly reduced compared with the model group (P<0.05). Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that a lot of inflammatory cel s, Schwann cells and regenerated nerve fibers at the sciatic nerve stump were found in the model group, while there were few inflammatory cells, Schwann cel s and regenerated nerve fibers in the treatment group at 7 days after surgery. Immunohistochemistry found that the expression of growth-associated protein-43 in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the model group at 4 days postoperatively (P<0.05). Besides, compared with the model group, a significantly decreased sciatic functional index was found in the treatment group at 20, 30 and 40 days after surgery (P<0.05). These results show that TLR4 antagonists delay early nerve regeneration in rats after sciatic nerve injury probably by inhibiting the TLR4 signaling pathway.

15.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 235-237, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and medication of unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis.@*METHOD@#Thirty-nine of medical treated patients with unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis were retrospectively studied, and relevant literatures were reviewed.@*RESULT@#After 4 to 19 days of medical therapy, 9 patients were cured, the vocal fold movement of 18 sufferers were improved, and 12 pantients were not healed.@*CONCLUSION@#Unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis is common, and the treatment efficacy of medicine is almost the same with others. Unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis is a disease with spontaneous recovery, which should be followed up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Drug Therapy , Vocal Cords
16.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1260-1264, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289490

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of perinatal recurrent infection on the brain development in immature mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six pregnant C57BL6 mice were randomly assigned to three groups: intrauterine infection, perinatal recurrent infection and control. The intrauterine infection group was intraperitoneally injected with LPS (0.5 mg/kg) on the 18th day of pregnancy. The perinatal recurrent infection group was injected with LPS (0.5 mg/kg) on the 18th day of pregnancy and their offsprings were intraperitoneally injected with the same dose of LPS daily from postnatal day 3 to 12. The control group was administered with normal saline at the same time points as the recurrent infection group. The short-time neurobehaviors were assessed on postnatal day 13. The mice were then sacrificed to measure brain weights and neuropathological changes using cresyl violet staining. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of TNF-α, Caspase-3 and myelin basic protein (MBP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The brain weights of the recurrent infection group were significantly lower than the control and intrauterine infection groups (P<0.05) and the recurrent infection group displayed significant neuropathological changes. Perinatal recurrent infection resulted in increased expression levels of TNF-α and Caspase-3, and decreased expression level of MBP compared with the intrauterine infection and control groups (P<0.01). The neurobehavior test showed that the recurrent infection group used longer time in gait reflex, right reflex and geotaxis reflex compared with the control and intrauterine infection groups on postnatal day 13 (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Perinatal recurrent infection may exacerbate inflammatory response and cell death in the immature brain, which may be one of the important factors for perinatal brain injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Pregnancy , Animals, Newborn , Bacterial Infections , Body Weight , Brain , Pathology , Caspase 3 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myelin Basic Protein , Recurrence , Reflex
17.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 657-661, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461637

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the expression patterns of fibronectin (Fn) and its receptors-α5β1 and αVβ3 integrins and angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia in aged mice. Methods Both young (2 months) and aged (18 months) C57BL6 male mice were subject to middle cerebral artery occlusion. The brain endothelial cells (BECs) proliferation was assessed by using dual-immunofluorescent staning (IF) for Ki67 and CD31 and the vessel density was quantified by counting the number of CD31-positive vessels per field of view. The expression patterns of Fn,α5β1 and αVβ3 on blood vessels was assessed by using dual-IF for CD31/ɑ5,CD31/β3 and CD31/Fn. Results The number of CD31/Ki67 dual-positive cells in the penumbra at day 7 after cerebral ischemia of was significantly lower in the aged mice than in the young mice (4.7±0.8/field, P<0.05). The number of CD31-positive vessels in the penumbra at day 7 and 14 of was both significantly lower in aged mice than in the young mice (38.3±3.9/field, 45±4.4/field, both P<0.01). Furthermore, the expression of Fn, α5 and β3 on blood vessels in the penumbra at day 7 after cerebral ischemia was significantly lower in age mice than in the young mice (P<0.05). Conclusions The cerebral angiogenesis after ce?rebral ischemia is impaired in the aged stroked mice, which is associated with the low expression of fibronectin and its receptors-α5β1 andαVβ3 integrins on blood vessels.

18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 360-362, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the treatment of postoperative chyle leak after surgery for digestive malignancies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2008 to February 2012, in the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, clinical data of 19 patients with chyle leak after digestive system cancer surgery were retrospective analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen cases of chyle leak were all identified between the second and the fourth postoperative day and were all initially managed with conservative treatment including early fasting, parenteral nutrition(PN), 24-hour continuous infusion of somatostatin, and low pressure suction drainage. Eight patients were treated successfully for 6 to 10 days with a significant reduction of the daily drainage volume. Ten patients had enteral nutrition(EN) and their drain tubes were repeatedly washed with 30 ml of compound meglumine diatrizoate injection every day until the drainage volume decreased to 200 ml/day. The time to resolution of chyle leak in these ten patients ranged from 12 to 24 days. One patient had no significant decrease in fluid drainage and developed abdominal distension after one week of conservative treatment. Surgical closure of chyle leak was performed on the 11th postoperative day, abdominal cavity drainage tube was removed on the 4th postoperative day. The patient was discharged home in good condition.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most postoperative chyle leak after surgery for digestive malignancies can be successfully managed with conservative treatment. Somatostatin and the drainage are the main therapeutic approaches. When chyle leak is not resolved with conservative treatment, surgical treatment should be considered to prevent serious complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomotic Leak , Therapeutics , Chyle , Digestive System Neoplasms , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 538-542, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303528

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features and histologic differential diagnosis of small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SmCC) of kidney.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathologic features of 12 cases of SmCC of kidney encountered during the period from 1999 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six cases of primary and 6 cases of metastatic SmCC involving kidney were identified. Amongst the primary renal SmCC, 2 were located in renal parenchyma and 4 in renal pelvis. Chest X-ray showed negative findings. Five of them underwent radical nephrectomy. On gross examination, the tumor was located centrally around the renal pelvis in 4 cases and peripherally in renal parenchyma in 1 case. On the other hand, 4 of the 6 cases of metastatic SmCC were discovered during therapy for pulmonary SmCC. Two of these patients presented with abdominal pain and gross hematuria, with lung and renal tumor masses identified simultaneously. The diagnosis of all the 6 cases of metastatic SmCC was confirmed by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Microscopically, pure SmCC was demonstrated in the 2 cases of primary renal parenchymal SmCC and 6 cases of metastatic SmCC. The 4 primary renal pelvic SmCC coexisted with urothelial carcinoma component. On immunohistochemical study, all cases were positive for cytokeratin, synaptophysin and CD56. All metastatic cases and 4 primary cases were also positive for TTF-1. Of six patients with primary SmCC two died 4 and 9 months after operation, and two were alive with a follow-up of 25 and 138 months, respectively. Five of six cases with metastatic SmCC died 3 - 8 months after diagnosis. The other 3 cases were failed to follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both primary and metastatic SmCC can be found in the kidney. Although rare, primary SmCC is located either in renal parenchyma or in pelvis. The diagnosis of SmCC relies on morphologic examination and immunohistochemical study. TTF-1 immunostaining cannot reliably distinguish primary from metastatic SmCC in kidney. Correlation with clinicoradiologic findings and demonstration of coexisting urothelial carcinoma component (if any) is helpful in delineation of the tumor origin.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , CD56 Antigen , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Keratins , Metabolism , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Lymphoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Nephrectomy , Nuclear Proteins , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Ewing , Metabolism , Pathology , Synaptophysin , Metabolism , Thyroid Nuclear Factor 1 , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Treatment Outcome , Wilms Tumor , Metabolism , Pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 518-521, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427289

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics of urocpithelial sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary system,and improve the diagnosis and treatment of these tumors.Methods We reviewed the pathology comfirmed urinary system caicinoma at the General Hospital of PLA from January 1999 to December 2010 and analyzed the clinical and pathological data of cases with sarcomatoid carcinoma in them retrospectively according to the literatures. Results A total of 4386 urinary system carcinoma were comfirmed,among them 18 (0.41%) cases of sarcomatoid carcinoma were identified,including 13 from bladder,4 from ureter and 1 multiple neoplasm of pelvis and ureter.The patients,11 males and 7 female,had a median age of 63.3 years (41-84 yrs).Gross hematuria (18 cases) were the main presenting symptoms,3 with flank pain,4 with pollakisuria,urgency and dysuria (urinary irritation symptoms] and 5 with urinary obstruction.The patient with multiple neoplasm of pelvis and ureter received allograft renal transplantation 7 years ago and took anti-rejection drugs all the way after operation.17 patients underwent surgical resection,9 radical cystectomy,5 radical nephroureterectomy,3 partial cystectomy and the remain was biopsy.Tumor size ranged from 2.5 to 12 cm (median,5.6 cm).Microscopically,coexisting high grade urothelial carcinoma was present in all the 18 cases,12 with sarcomatoid differentiation,3 with sarcomatoid and squamous carcinoma differentiation and 3 with sarcomatoid and glandular differentiation.Sarcomatoid component occupied 10 -90 percent.Immunohistochemical testing showed the sarcomatoid cells were positive for cytokeratin (CK) and vimentin.12 patients died of disease 20 days to 42 months (median,5.3 months) postoperatively.3 patients have been surviving with tumor free for 3,3 and 17 months respectinely,and the other 3 was failure to be followed. Conclusions Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder is a highly malignant disease,and the prognosis is very poor.The diagnosis depends on histopathologic and immunohistochemical studies.Early diagnosis and cystectomy or nephroureterectomy together with chemotherapy/radiotherapy may improve the curative effect.

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