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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 207-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentration changes on platelet release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin (TSP)-1 in patients with decompensated cirrhotic portal hypertension after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. Methods: 169 cases with cirrhotic portal hypertension were enrolled, of which 81 cases received TIPS treatment. LPS, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations with different Child-Pugh class in peripheral blood plasma of patients were measured. After pre-incubation of normal human platelets with different concentrations of LPS and stimulated by collagen in vitro, platelet PAC-1 expression rate, VEGF, and TSP-1 concentrations were detected. PAC-1 expression rate and the concentrations of LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 in peripheral blood plasma of patients before and after TIPS procedure were detected. The relationship between plasma LPS, VEGF and TSP-1 concentrations and Child-Pugh score changes in patients after TIPS procedure was analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by t-test, one-way ANOVA or Pearson's rho according to different data. Results: Plasma LPS and TSP-1 concentrations were significantly higher in Child-Pugh class C patients than class A and B, but the concentration of plasma VEGF was significantly lower than class A and B (P < 0.01). In vitro experiments showed that concentration of LPS, TSP-1, and platelet PAC-1 expression rate was higher in the supernatant, but the difference in the concentration of VEGF in the supernatant was not statistically significant. Portal vein pressure and platelet activation were significantly decreased (P < 0.01) in patients after TIPS procedure. Portal venous pressure, platelet activation, plasma LPS, and TSP-1 levels were significantly decreased continuously, while VEGF levels were significantly increased continuously after TIPS procedure. Plasma LPS concentration was positively correlated with TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.506, P < 0.001), and negatively correlated with VEGF concentration (r = -0.167, P = 0.010). Child-Pugh score change range was negatively correlated with change range of plasma VEGF concentration (r = -0.297, P = 0.016), and positively correlated with change range of plasma TSP-1 concentration (r = 0.145, P = 0.031) after TIPS. Conclusion: Portal venous pressure gradient, plasma LPS concentration and corresponding platelet activation was decreased in cirrhotic portal hypertension after TIPS procedure, and with TSP-1 reduction and VEGF elevation it is possible to reduce the liver function injury caused by portal venous shunt.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Hypertension, Portal/etiology , Lipopolysaccharides , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Plasma , Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic/adverse effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933908

ABSTRACT

A case of vaginal wall prolapse in a premature infant is reported. A 33 +1-week gestational age girl was admitted on 72 days due to intermittent crying, abdominal distension, and visible perineal mass. She was diagnosed with vaginal wall prolapse. No neurodevelopmental defects were found. She recovered for three months with nutritional improvement and conservative treatment in the digital reduction of the prolapsed organ. This case suggests that genital prolapse should be paid attention to when abdominal pressure increases in premature infants, especially those with malnutrition. If confirmed, the exclusion of neurodevelopmental defects is also necessary.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, causes, diagnosis and treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis after pediatric-to-adult kidney transplantation.Methods:Between July 2014 and March 2019, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 25 en-bloc and 27 single kidney transplant cases.Results:One en-bloc(4.0%)and two single kidney recipients(7.4%)were diagnosed as renal artery stenosis at Month 13-23 months post-transplantation.It was higher than the rate of stenosis in adult-to-adult transplant cases(1.1%)during the same period.As compared with recipients without stenosis, stenotic ones had younger pediatric donors( P<0.05)and yet similar body weight of donors as well as recipients( P>0.05). The inner diameters of stenonotic sites were(1.40-1.63)mm and predominant stenotic site was proximal renal artery rather than anastomotic site.The remaining parts of major renal arteries varied from 2.31 to 4.93 mm in diameter.It was normal in children with a corresponding age.All three cases responded well to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting. Conclusions:The cause of stenosis may be an undeveloped local artery diameter due to extensive tissue dissection around artery.Therefore cautious selections of infantile single renal graft for adult recipients and preserving surrounding tissue of renal artery assist in the prevention of graft arterial stenosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis via the fibula-preserving anterolateral approach.Methods:From March 2018 to February 2021, 23 patients underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis via the fibula-preserving anterolateral approach at the Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital.Of them, 15 were males and 8 females. Their average age at surgery was 54.4 years (range, from 28 to 72 years). There were 11 cases of traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of Charcot arthropathy, 6 cases of neurogenic equinovarus, 2 cases of traumatic equinovarus, and 2 cases of Kashin-Beck disease. Comparisons were made between preoperation and the last follow-up in ankle-hindfoot score of American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), visual analogue scale (VAS), foot function index (FFI), hindfoot alignment angle (HA), hindfoot alignment distance (HD), and hindfoot alignment ratio (HR). The tibia-foot angle on lateral weight-bearing and patient satisfaction at the last follow-up and postoperative complications were documented.Results:This cohort were followed up for an average of 24.7 months (from 12 to 48 months). The AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score (78.2 ± 9.2), VAS [2.0 (0.5, 2.0)], FFI [19.0 (10.5, 35.0)], HA (2.7° ± 5.8°), HD [(0.1 ± 0.8) cm] and HR [44.2 (36.4, 59.2)%] at the last follow-up were significantly improved than the preoperative values [43.4 ± 12.7, 4.0 (4.0, 6.0), 98.0 (60.0, 127.0), 22.0° ± 14.3°, (2.2 ± 1.6) cm and 86.0 (66.3, 100.0)%] (all P<0.05). The tibia-foot angle on lateral weight-bearing was 89.0° (87.1°, 90.4°) at the last follow-up. By the Likert scale, 17 cases were very satisfied with the surgery, 4 cases satisfied and 2 cases tolerate, giving a satisfaction rate of 91.3%(21/23). Infection occurred in one case and nonunion in one. Conclusion:Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis via the fibula-preserving anterolateral approach yields good mid- to short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes, showing a strong capability to correct ankle and hindfoot varus and equinus.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 355-360,365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the distribution and epidemiological characteristics of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in Hunan Province.Methods:According to the audit methods and evaluation criteria specified by the National Cancer Registration Center, the registration data of CLL reported by 24 tumor registries was included. Through the research method of retrospective analysis, the selected registry data was calculated and analyzed according to the year, administrative division, urban and rural areas, gender and age.Results:A total of 104 newly diagnosed CLL patients were diagnosed in Hunan Province from 2014 to 2015, with an average annual morbidity of 0.39/100, 000. The morbidity in 2014 and 2015 was 0.39/100, 000 and 0.39/100, 000, respectively. The annual average morbidity in Zhuzhou was 0.8/100, 000, which was the highest among municipalities. The annual average morbidity in Kaifu District of Changsha was 1.65/100, 000, which was the highest among district-level administrative divisions. The morbidity of urban was higher than that of rural (Urban vs Rural, P=0.006). The male to female morbidity was 1.7∶1. The cases were mainly concentrated in the 61-70-year-old population, accounting for 33.65% of all cases (35/104). There were 64 patients died of CLL in Hunan Province from 2014 to 2015, and the average annual mortality was 0.24/100, 000. The mortality in 2014 and 2015 was 0.22/100, 000 and 0.26/100, 000, respectively. The average annual mortality in Hengyang was 0.53/100, 000, which was the highest among municipalities. The average annual mortality in Furong District of Changsha was 0.74/100, 000, which was the highest among district-level administrative divisions. The mortality of urban was higher than that of rural but with no significant difference ( P=0.006). The male to female mortality rate was 1.4∶1. The deaths were mainly concentrated in the 71-80-year-old population, accounting for 29.69% of all deaths (19/64). Conclusions:The morbidity of CLL in Hunan Province is much lower than that of European and American populations, and it mainly occurs in the elderly people. It is more common in men. The morbidity of urban is higher than that of rural and morbidity in Zhuzhou is the highest. The death of CLL patients was mainly in middle-aged and elderly population, with more males. The mortality of urban is slightly higher than that of rural and the mortality in Hengyang is the highest.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 228-245, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929290

ABSTRACT

Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) functions as a catalyzing enzyme targeting hydrolyzation of intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inhibition of PDE4 has been proven to be a competitive strategy for dermatological and pulmonary inflammation. However, the pathological role of PDE4 and the therapeutic feasibility of PDE4 inhibitors in chronic ulcerative colitis (UC) are less clearly understood. This study introduced apremilast, a breakthrough in discovery of PDE4 inhibitors, to explore the therapeutic capacity in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental murine chronic UC. In the inflamed tissues, overexpression of PDE4 isoforms and defective cAMP-mediating pathway were firstly identified in chronic UC patients. Therapeutically, inhibition of PDE4 by apremilast modulated cAMP-predominant protein kinase A (PKA)-cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) signaling and ameliorated the clinical symptoms of chronic UC, as evidenced by improvements on mucosal ulcerations, tissue fibrosis, and inflammatory infiltrations. Consequently, apremilast maintained a normal intestinal physical and chemical barrier function and rebuilt the mucosal homeostasis by interfering with the cross-talk between human epithelial cells and immune cells. Furthermore, we found that apremilast could remap the landscape of gut microbiota and exert regulatory effects on antimicrobial responses and the function of mucus in the gut microenvironment. Taken together, the present study revealed that intervene of PDE4 provided an infusive therapeutic strategy for patients with chronic and relapsing UC.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1217-1228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887068

ABSTRACT

Nucleocytoplasmic transport is the basic cellular activity of eukaryotic cells, which plays a role in cell physiological and pathological processes. A large amount of evidences indicate that impaired nucleocytoplasmic trafficking has emerged as a mechanism contributing to the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. The regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport is crucial to elucidate the pathogenesis and intervention in the neurodegenerative diseases. This article summarizes the evidences in disturbed nucleocytoplasmic transport of neurodegenerative diseases in the past two decades, further explores the directions and provides a theoretical basis for the pathogenesis and drug targets in neurodegenerative diseases.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886519

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To prepare platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ)-targeted near-infrared molecular probe and evaluate its potential in optical molecular imaging of lung cancer. Methods    PDGFRβ-specific affibody Z-tri was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) and purified using affinity chromatography. In vitro cell-binding of Z-tri was analyzed by flow cytometry. Cellular distribution of Z-tri in tumor grafts was determined by protein-tracing. The molecular probe CF750-Z-tri was prepared by conjugating near-infrared fluorescent dye CF750 to Z-tri. The optical images of xenografts of lung cancer were obtained by using CF750-Z-tri combined with optical imaging system. Results    PDGFRβ-specific affibody Z-tri was highly expressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity. Z-tri could bind PDGFRβ-positive cells but not PDGFRβ-negative cells cultured in vitro. In the tumor xenografts of human lung cancer, intravenously injected Z-tri was predominantly distributed on cells overexpressing PDGFRβ. The near infrared fluorescent dye CF750 was efficiently conjugated to Z-tri. Optical images with high contrast of lung cancer xenografts were produced by using the near-infrared fluorescent probe CF750-Z-tri combined with optical imaging system. Conclusion    The near-infrared fluorescent probe CF750-Z-tri can be used for optical imaging of human lung cancer, which takes great potential in optical imaging-guided surgery of lung cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical experiences of pediatric en-bloc kidney transplantation (EBKT) at a single center and explore the measures of improving its efficacy.Methods:Clinical data and outcomes retrospectively analyzed for 38 EBKT children between September 2014 and November 2019 from Department of Urology Affiliated Union Hospital Tongji Medical College Huazhong University of Science & Technology. The pediatric donors were aged (63.6±5.7) days with a weight of (4.1±0.2) kg. And the transplant recipients were aged (28.1±1.4) years with a weight of (48.7±4.9) kg. Serum levels of creatinine and basic profiles of both donors and recipients were recorded at Day 0/7/30/90/80/360 post-EBKT. The postoperative occurrences of such complications such as thrombosis, urine leakage, delayed graft function (DGF), proteinuria and hematoma were measured.Results:The one-year graft survival rate was 76.3%(29/38) and the recipient survival rate 100.0%(38/38). Among 29 recipients with long-term graft survival, no dialysis was required at Week 2 post-EBKT and the serum level of creatinine dropped to normal at Year 1. Thrombosis was a major post-EBKT complication with an incidence of 18.4%(7/38). The other complications included urine leakage (20.7%, 6/29), hematoma (6.9%, 2/29) and primary non-functioning kidney (2.6%, 1/38).Conclusions:As an effective way of expanding the pool of donors, pediatric EBKT is clinically feasible.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 949-951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911819

ABSTRACT

Pure autonomic failure (PAF) is an α-synucleinopathy featured by slowly progressive autonomic failure. A patient who presented with orthostatic hypotension associated dizziness and syncope, postprandial hypotension, supine hypertension and anhidrosis, was hospitalized. The patient did not show incontinence, urinary retention, constipation, ataxia, and extrapyramidal symptoms. In combination of the description of the patient′s symptoms with PAF related references, the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PAF and its relationship with other α-synucleinopathies were demonstrated in this report.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the short-term outcomes of dual kidney transplantation and summarize its safety and feasibility.Methods:From September 2018 to September 2019, a total of 7 dual kidney transplantations were performed. And retrospective analysis was performed for baseline profiles, clinical data and postoperative complications.Results:The mean age was (62.7±8.5) years for donors and (43.9±9.3) years for recipients. The Remuzzi score of 6 paired kidneys ranged from 4 to 6 points. During follow-ups, the survival rate of 7 dual kidney transplantation grafts and recipients was 100%. The median follow-up period was 16 months. Renal function of 6 recipients normalized within 1 week and delayed graft function (DGF) occurred in one case. All of them underwent unilateral kidney transplantation with an average operative duration of (5.6±1.4) hours. There was no onset of operative complications. One case of rejection was not confirmed by biopsy. Among three patients of lung infections, there was one case of severe pneumonia. In 3 cases, lateral plasma flow of transplanted kidney exceeded that of medial plasma flow.Conclusions:Dual kidney transplantation in adults is both safe and feasible so as to expand the availability of donated kidney.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the reliability, accuracy and stability of the machine performance check (MPC) system of Varian′s TrueBeam series accelerator.Methods:After the installation was completed, the acceptance data were compared with the results of the first MPC operation to verify the reliability of the MPC results; the accuracy of the MPC results in the image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) application was verified by the method of artificially introducing errors. The mechanical performance results of 60 groups of MPC from March 2019 to March 2020 were collected to calculate the mean value and standard deviation and compare the stability differences of each index.Results:The equipment error parameters obtained by MPC were all lower than those obtained by acceptance. The maximum difference between two sets of data was only 2mm and the threshold ratio was less than 20%. MPC had a high sensing accuracy for radiation and imaging position shift, and the r values were more than 90%. The vertical direction of the couch had a poor sense of displacement accuracy, and the r value was less than 73.7%. For this verification project, the angle of the treatment bed was the most stable, and the standard deviation did not exceed 0.01. The stability of other indexes did not significantly differ.Conclusions:MPC can be used as a verification tool for routine quality assurance of IGRT. The verification accuracy of radiation and imaging centers are better than the mechanical accuracy of gantry, collimator and couch.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 618-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018.Methods:Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select hospitals capable of treating patients with spinal cord injury from 3 regions,9 provinces and 27 cities in China to retrospectively investigate eligible patients with traumatic spinal cord injury admitted in 2018. National and regional incidence rates were calculated. The data of cause of injury,injury level,severity of injury,segment and type of fracture,complications,death and other data were collected by medical record questionnaire,and analyzed according to geographical region,age and gender.Results:Medical records of 4,134 patients were included in this study,with a male-to-female ratio of 2.99∶1. The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018 was 50.484 / 1 million (95% CI 50.122-50.846). The highest incidence in the Eastern region was 53.791 / 1 million (95% CI 53.217-54.365). In the whole country,the main causes of injury were high falls (29.58%),as well as in the Western region (40.68%),while the main causes of injury in the Eastern and Central regions were traffic injuries (31.22%,30.10%). The main injury level was cervical spinal cord in the whole country (64.49%),and the proportion of cervical spinal cord injury in the Central region was the highest (74.68%),and the proportion of lumbosacral spinal cord injury in the Western region was the highest (32.30%). The highest proportion of degree of injury was incomplete quadriplegia (55.20%),and the distribution pattern was the same in each region. A total of 65.87% of the patients were complicated with fracture or dislocation,77.95% in the Western region and only 54.77% in the Central region. In the whole country,the head was the main combined injury (37.87%),as well as in the Eastern and Central regions,while the proportion of chest combined injury in the Western region was the highest (38.57%). A total of 32.90% of the patients were complicated with respiratory complications. There were 23 patients (0.56%) died in hospital,of which 17(73.91%) died of respiratory dysfunction. Conclusions:The Eastern region of China has a high incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury. Other epidemiological features include high fall as the main cause of injury cervical spinal cord injury as the main injury level,incomplete quadriplegia as the main degree of injury,head as the main combined injury,and respiratory complications as the main complication.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881227

ABSTRACT

@#Mixed reality is a new digital hologram technology after virtual reality and augmented reality, which combines the real world with the virtual world to form a new visualization environment. At present, mixed reality has been applied in various fields, but its application in medical field is still in the exploratory stage. With the rapid development of the digital age, the prospect of the combination of mixed reality and medicine is boundless. It is believed that mixed reality will bring subversive changes in medical training, disease diagnosis, doctor-patient communication, clinical diagnosis, treatment and so on in the near future. In this paper, the application of mixed reality in medicine was summarized.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943000

ABSTRACT

Objective: Total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is one of the standard treatments for locally advanced rectal cancer. This study aims to investigate the safety and feasibility of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced middle-low rectal cancer with high-risk factors. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was conducted. Clinicopathological data of 24 patients with locally advanced middle-low rectal cancer with high-risk factors receiving PD-1 antibody combined with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in Gastrointestinal Cancer Center, Unit III, Peking University Cancer Hospital between January 2019 and April 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteria: (1) rectal adenocarcinoma confirmed by pathology; patient age of ≥ 18 years and ≤ 80 years; (2) the distance from low margin of tumor to anal verge ≤ 10 cm under sigmoidoscopy; (3) ECOG performance status score 0-1; (4) clinical stage T3c, T3d, T4a or T4b, or extramural venous invasion (EMVI) (+) or mrN2 (+) or mesorectal fasciae (MRF) (+) based on MRI; (5) no evidence of distant metastases; (6) no prior pelvic radiation therapy, no prior chemotherapy or surgery for rectal cancer; (7) no systemic infection requiring antibiotic treatment and no immune system disease. Exclusion criteria: (1) anticipated unresectable tumor after neoadjuvant treatment; (2) patients with a history of a prior malignancy within the past 5 years, or with a history of any arterial thrombotic event within the past 6 months; (3) patients received other types of antitumor or experimental therapy; (4) women who were pregnant or breast-feeding; (5) patients with any other concurrent medical or psychiatric condition or disease; (6) patients received immunotherapy (PD-1 antibody). The neoadjuvant therapy consisted of three stages: PD-1 antibody (sintilimab 200 mg, IV, Q3W) combined with CapeOx regimen for three cycles; long-course intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with gross tumor volume (GTV) 50.6 Gy/CTV 41.8 Gy/22f; CapeOx regimen for two cycles after radiotherapy. After oncological evaluation following the end of the third stage of treatment, surgery or watch and wait would be carried out. Surgical safety, histopathological changes and short-term oncological outcome were analyzed. Results: There were 15 males and 9 females with a median age of 65 (47-78) years. Median distance from the lower margin of the tumor to the anal verge was 4 (3-7) cm. The median maximal diameter of the tumor was 5.1 (2.1-7.5) cm. Twenty patients were cT3, 4 were cT4, 8 were cN1, 5 were cN2a, 11 were cN2b. Ten cases were MRF (+) and 10 were EMVI (+). All the patients were mismatch repair proficient (pMMR). During the neoadjuvant treatment period, 6 patients (25.0%) developed grade 1-2 treatment-related adverse events, including 3 immune-related adverse events. As of April 30, 2021, 20 patients (83.3%, 20/24) had received surgical resection, including 19 R0 resections and 16 sphincter-preservation operations. Morbidity of postoperative complication was 25.0% (5/20), including 2 cases of Clavien-Dindo grade II (1 of anastomotic bleeding and 1 of pseudomembranous enteritis), 3 cases of grade I anastomotic stenosis. Pathological complete response (pCR) rate was 30.0% (6/20) and major pathological response rate was 20.0% (4/20). None of Ras/Raf mutants had pCR or cCR (0/5), while 6 of 17 Ras/Raf wild-type patients had pCR and 3 had cCR, which was significantly higher than that of Ras/Raf mutants (P<0.01). Nine of 16 patients with Ras/Raf wild-type and differentiated adenocarcinoma had pCR or cCR. Among other 4 patients without surgery, 3 patients preferred watch and wait strategy because their tumors were assessed as clinical complete response (cCR), while another one patient refused surgery as the tumor remained stable. After a median follow-up of 11 (6-24) months, only 1 patient with signet ring cell carcinoma had recurrence. Conclusions: PD-1 antibody combined with total neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer has quite good safety and histopathological regression results. Combination of histology and genetic testing is helpful to screen potential beneficiaries.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Apoptosis , Chemoradiotherapy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/antagonists & inhibitors , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907771

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Olmesartan on the antigen presenting function of dendritic cells (DCs) in rats.Methods:Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells of female Lewis rats were obtained. Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells were cultured with Olmesartan (final concentration 10 μmol/L; OLM-DCs) or equal volume of DMSO (Con-DCs). Mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of the surface costimulatory molecule CD80, CD86 and MHCⅡ on DCs and the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β of DCs were analyzed by flow cytometry. DCs and CD4 +T lymphocytes were cocultured. T lymphocytes proliferation was analyzed by flow cytometry. IFN-γ in the supernatants were determined by ELISA. Results:The expression of MHC Ⅱ on DCs was inhibited by Olmesartan. The level of intracellular IL-10 in DCs was up-regulated by Olmesartan. Compared with Con-DCs, T lymphocytes proliferation and the level of IFN-γ were inhibited by OLM-DCs.Conclusions:Olmesartan could induce tolerogenic DCs in vitro. These tolerogenic DCs could inhibit T lymphocytes proliferation and the production of Th1 cytokine.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906144

ABSTRACT

Sleep has been widely concerned by the medical field all over the world. Sleep deprivation can cause damage to organs of the human body, which is related to the occurrence of a variety of diseases. Besides, the pathological change in different organs of the human body is also a key factor that causes or aggravates insomnia. When treating insomnia and its complications, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) focuses on the homology of the brain and heart, and insomnia is mainly treated from the five internal organs, especially the heart and liver. Sleep duration and structure change with age. The prevalence of insomnia is higher in older individuals susceptible to complications than in the younger population. In TCM, insomnia of blood deficiency and Yin deficiency is common among the elderly. Suanzaoren Tang is a classic prescription for nourishing blood and calming the mind and it is critical in the treatment of "sleeplessness due to consumptive disease and dysphoria", with the effects of nourishing liver blood to calm the mind and clearing internal heat to relieve dysphoria. It has good efficacy on the insomnia of the elderly caused by deficiency of Qi and blood and abnormal operation of nutrient Qi and defense Qi. Furthermore, it also shows a certain therapeutic effect on insomnia combined with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The present study revealed the damage to the brain, heart, and liver caused by sleep deprivation and the effect of Suanzaoren Tang on the brain, heart, and liver, and clarified the facts that Suanzaoren Tang inhibited the damage to organs caused by sleep deprivation and regulated energy metabolism, thereby exploring the sedative and hypnotic mechanism of Suanzaoren Tang to provide new ideas for Suanzaoren Tang in the treatment of sleep disorders and other diseases.

19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 916-920, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880205

ABSTRACT

With the deeper understanding of the pathophysiology and pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) which threatens human health, NSCLC treatment has entered a new era. Transition from traditional treatment based on surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy to individualized and precise targeted therapy and safer and more effective immunotherapy. Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy has been approved as a first-line or second-line treatment for advanced NSCLC, and has achieved extraordinary clinical results. Meanwhile, other types of immunotherapy are rarely explored in NSCLC. Chimeric antigen receptor modified T cells (CAR-T cells) perform well in treating several hematological malignancies. However, it is not ideal for treating patients with solid tumors including NSCLC. This review aims to systematically explain the latest progress of CAR-T in the treatment of NSCLC, mainly including: CAR molecular target selection, CAR-T function enhancement and related toxicity management, as well as the difficulties and prospects of CAR-T treatment of NSCLC. It aims to open up new perspectives and unique ideas for the immunotherapy of NSCLC, and contribute to the building of tumor immunotherapy.
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20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the status of oral health knowledge, attitude, behavior of 12-15 years old children and provide a theoretical basis of prevention.@*METHODS@#Multi-stage stratified sampling method was used to extract four middle school students from Chongqing districts and counties (2 in the main urban area and 2 suburbs), and their oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviors were investigated through questionnaires. All data were entered using Epidata and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 21.0 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3 902 valid questionnaires were collected. The proportion of people who had good brushing habits was 39.7% (1 548), the average oral health knowledge accuracy rate was 58.9%, and the average oral health positive attitude was 88.6%. The number of middle school students who attended the dental experience was 54.5% (2 127), and that of the school who received oral health education was 17.5% (681). There were gender and regional differences in brushing habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The knowledge and behavior of oral health among 12-15-year-old middle school students in Chongqing need to be improved. Oral health education for middle school students should be strengthened, especially in rural and suburban areas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Attitude to Health , Child , Health Behavior , Health Education, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Oral Health , Rural Population , Surveys and Questionnaires , Toothbrushing
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