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1.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 481-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005859

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the dietary quality with the dietary balance index (DBI_16) and the association between dietary quality and bone mass among middle-aged and elderly people in Gansu Province so as to provide evidence for improving dietary quality and bone health status of Gansu population. 【Methods】 Based on the information of the type and quantity of food intake and the bone mass of middle-aged and elderly people aged 35 years and above collected by the Gansu Project in the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China, DBI_16 was used to evaluate the intake level of cereals, vegetables, fruits, milk, beans, fish and shrimp, eggs and other foods, and the degree of inadequate, excessive and unbalanced dietary intake of the participants. Multiple linear regression was used to evaluate the associations of three component indexes of DBI_16, high bound score (DBI_HBS), low bound score (DBI_LBS), diet quality distance (DBI_DQD), and seven single indexes of DBI_16 with bone mass. 【Results】 Analyses of the dietary and bone mass data of 11,840 participants showed that 44.8% of participants consumed excessive amounts of cereals compared to the dietary recommendation. 96.3%, 90.6%, 90.1%, 71.9%, 95.1% and 60.3% of participants’ intake of vegetables, fruits, milk, soybeans, fish and shrimp, and eggs, respectively, were inadequate. 47.7% participants consumed less than 10 types of food. 2.3% participants’ DBI_LBS levels were appropriate. 54.7% participants’ DBI_HBS levels were appropriate. Only 1.2% participants’ DBI_DQD reached a balanced level. The bone mass level in the study population was (2.5±0.6) kg [(2.8±0.5) kg for men and (2.3±0.5) kg for women]. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, total dietary energy intake and body mass index, DBI_LBS and DBI_DQD were negatively associated with bone mass [β and 95% CI was -0.002 01 (-0.003 62--0.000 40) and -0.001 76 (-0.003 09--0.000 43), respectively]. 【Conclusion】 Dietary intake imbalance is common among middle-aged and elderly people in Gansu Province, and the more severe the dietary intake imbalance, the lower the bone mass level.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 473-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005858

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To estimate the prevalence, associated factors and patterns of multimorbidity of non-communicable diseases among adults in Shaanxi Province so as to provide evidence for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. 【Methods】 We used the data of adults aged 18 years and older collected in the baseline survey of Shaanxi Project in the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China. Multinomial logistic regression was used to explore the associated factors for multimorbidity. Exploratory factor analysis was used to extract patterns of multimorbidity. 【Results】 The prevalence of multimorbidity was 10.7% among the 44 442 participants. Age increase, being males, urban residence, and being overweight or obesity were positively associated with multimorbidity. Compared with women, men had a higher risk of multimorbidity. The OR and 95% CI was 1.25 (1.12-1.39). The risk of multimorbidity increased with age among adults. Compared with participants aged 18.0-34.9 years, the ORs and 95% CIs of those aged 35.0-44.9, 45.0-54.9, 55.0-64.9, and ≥65.0 years were 4.73 (3.47-6.46), 15.61 (11.60-21.00), 41.39 (30.76-55.70) and 90.04 (66.58-121.77), respectively. The primary multimorbidity patterns among adults in Shaanxi were cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity (5.4%), viscero-articular multimorbidity (1.0%), and respiratory multimorbidity (0.3%). 【Conclusion】 More than one in ten adults in Shaanxi Province had multimorbidity, and the predominant pattern of multimorbidity was cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity. The prevention and control of non-communicable diseases should be reinforced in middle-aged and older people, males, people living in the urban, and overweight or obese people. More attention should be paid to the prevention and control of cardiovascular-metabolic diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1107-1110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003943

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a magnetic bead enrichment strategy for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus deoxyribonucleic acid (HIV DNA) in peripheral blood, and to verify the improvement of the sensitivity of this method for the detection of HIV DNA in HIV infected patients after early antiretrovital treatment (ART). 【Methods】 Peripheral whole blood was collected at 4 timepoints in one ART HIV window period (WP) patient. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated on a Ficoll gradient. CD4+ T lymphocytes were enriched from total PBMCs by negative sorting. HIV DNA concentration in magnetic beads enriched group and whole blood group was detected by HIV DNA detection kit. 【Results】 CD4+ T cells were isolated by magnetic beads and identified by FCM for purity at (96.4 ± 2.6)%. The viability was (95.9 ± 2.9)%, as demonstrated by trypan blue staining. The person on continued ART treatment in this study had significantly greater reduction in HIV viral load and undetectable HIV plasma RNA at follow up timepoint 4. No HIV DNA was detected in the whole blood group at all 4 timepoints. The quantitative results of HIV DNA in the CD4+ T lymphocyte group of the magnetic bead enrichment group were 73.4, 429.3, 137.1, 449.9 copies/106 CD4+ T cell′s respectively. 【Conclusion】 The magnetic bead enrichment method can be more sensitive in detecting the limit low copy HIV DNA in blood samples, and provide early confirmatory data for HIV WP infection and breakthrough infection after ART treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1098-1101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003941

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the SARS-CoV-2 detection results among blood donors in different periods of COVID-19 pandemic control in Shenzhen and assess the antibody levels and infection status of blood donors in different periods, so as to provide reference for subsequent blood testing strategies. 【Methods】 A total of 4 768 plasma samples of blood donors were subjected to pooled testing by nucleic acid testing(NAT) with 8 samples per pool. Additionally, these samples were subjected to a 1000-fold dilution, and the detection of SARS-CoV-2 total antibody was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The 4 768 plasma samples were collected from blood donors at different time points in Shenzhen, with inquiries made to determine whether donors during the COVID-19 pandemic were in the convalescence. The antibody positive rates in blood screening samples during different periods of the pandemic and samples from individuals in the convalescence of COVID-19 infection were analyzed. Furthermore, the antibody levels were examined for differences based on gender, age, and blood type. 【Results】 All 4 768 plasma samples from blood donors were negative by NAT, while 2 342 samples were detected positive by the SARS-CoV-2 total antibody detection, with a positive rate of 49.1%. These samples from four periods (September 30 to October 3, 2022; November 3 to 6, 2022; December 27 to 31, 2022; January 6 to 18, 2023) were subjected to a 1 000-fold dilution for COVID-19 antibody detection, and the positive rates were 21.3%, 15.8%, 65.9%, and 93.9%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The prevalence of COVID-19 antibodies among blood donors in Shenzhen during different periods of the pandemic varied significantly. There was no difference in antibody prevalence among different genders and blood types, while younger individuals exhibited a higher prevalence of antibodies. The risk of COVID-19 transmission through blood transfusion was found to be extremely low.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1085-1089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003938

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the results of different methods for reactive samples screened by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in blood donors. 【Methods】 From March to April 2020, a total of 8 632 blood samples in Shenzhen were screened for SARS-CoV-2 total antibodies (TAb, including IgG, IgM, IgA) in plasma using ELISA(PC group), the antibody reactivity samples and their follow up plasma samples (FC group), and samples of disease control group(DC group) from January to April 2020 were detected using the following methods: 1) ELISA method for detecting IgG, IgM, and (or without detection) TAb; 2) pseudovirus neutralizing antibody test(pVNT); 3) western blot (WB) of SARS-CoV-2 antibody. The negative control group(NC group) from February to April 2020 performed ELISA and WB testing. 【Results】 Among the 34 total antibody positive samples, 2 were positive for pVNT test, and the total antibody, IgG and WB in the initial screening and tracking testing were positive. Thereafter, it was determined to be confirmed positive. The other 2 cases were positive for pVNT test, while the samples with positive WB results were in the follow-up stage. The TAb, IgG, and pVNT results did not conform to the dynamic evolution of antibodies, and cannot be determined as confirmed positive. 【Conclusion】 The infection status of antibody reactivity samples screened by SARS-CoV-2 ELISA can be judged by the logic of pVNT, WB and the dynamic change of antibody.

6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 362-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986862

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic gout flare is a rare arthritic condition after total knee arthroplasty, but the symptoms of gout may have often been mistaken as acute periprosthetic infection given their similarity. Misdiagnosis as periprosthetic infection can lead to unnecessary surgery, long-term dependence on anti-biotics, and even malfunction of the involved knee joint. Here, we report a case study of a patient with immunodeficiency condition of long-term oral glucocorticoid and diabetes mellitus, who had undergone a knee replacement 8 weeks before. The initial symptoms of fever and joint pain together with the dysfunction of her right knee with elevated inflammatory markers, such as increased serum leukocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, and synovial cell counts led to a diagnosis of acute periprosthetic infection. Arthrocentesis and bacterial culture were performed preoperatively. According to the current Musculoskeletal Infection Society (MSIS) criteria for diagnosis of periprosthetic infection, the case was classified as periprosthetic infection and a prosthesis retained debridement surgery was performed. However we got negative culture results in all the pre-operative and intro-operative samples. The symptoms as well as the laboratory inflammatory markers improved shortly after the debridement surgery until the 11th day when all the similar systemic and local symptoms recurred. With a remedial crystal analysis of synovial fluid from the patient, gouty flare was found to be the cause of acute arthritis finally. Accor-dingly, after anti-gout medications were administrated, the symptoms associated with acute arthritis gra- dually subsided, and there was no recurrence during a 24-month follow-up. This article described the cli-nical manifestation, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, treatment of a case of periprosthetic gout. Although relatively rare, gout should be considered as a differential diagnosis in suspected periprosthetic infection. Current criteria for periprosthetic infection can not exclude the diagnosis of periprosthetic gout flare, it is therefore imperative that the analysis of joint aspirate for crystals be conducted to determine the correct course of treatment, or unnecessary surgical procedure may be performed in periprosthetic gout case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Gout/complications , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Symptom Flare Up , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 683-690, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the proliferation inhibitory effect of quinones from Blaps rynchopetera defense secretion on colorectal tumor cell lines.@*METHODS@#Human colorectal cancer cell HT-29, human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell Caco-2 and normal human colon epithelial cell CCD841 were chosen for the evaluation of inhibitory activity of the main quinones of B. rynchopetera defense secretion, including methyl p-benzoquinone (MBQ), ethyl p-benzoquinone (EBQ), and methyl hydroquinone (MHQ), through methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. The tumor-related factors, cell cycles, related gene expressions and protein levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assy, flow cytometry, RT-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#MBQ, EBQ, and MHQ could significantly inhibit the proliferation of Caco-2, with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 7.04 ± 0.88, 10.92 ± 0.32, 9.35 ± 0.83, HT-29, with IC50 values of 14.90 ± 2.71, 20.50 ± 6.37, 13.90 ± 1.30, and CCD841, with IC50 values of 11.40 ± 0.68, 7.02 ± 0.44 and 7.83 ± 0.05 µg/mL, respectively. Tested quinones can reduce the expression of tumor-related factors tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin (IL)-10, and IL-6 in HT-29 cells, selectively promote apoptosis, and regulate the cell cycle which can reduce the proportion of cells in the G1 phase and increase the proportion of the S phase. Meanwhile, tested quinones could up-regulate mRNA and protein expression of GSK-3β and APC, while down-regulate that of β-catenin, Frizzled1, c-Myc, and CyclinD1 in the Wnt/β-catenin pathway of HT-29 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Quinones from B. rynchopetera defense secretion could inhibit the proliferation of colorectal tumor cells and reduce the expression of related factors, which would be functioned by regulating cell cycle, selectively promoting apoptosis, and affecting Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related mRNA and protein expressions.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta Catenin/metabolism , Caco-2 Cells , Quinones/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Wnt Signaling Pathway
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3039-3045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981434

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the role of slient mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1(SIRT1)/tuberous sclerosis complex 2(TSC2)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in the Periplaneta americana extract CⅡ-3-induced senescence of human leukemia K562 cells. K562 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0(control), 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg·mL~(-1) of P. americana extract CⅡ-3. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and flow cytometry were employed to examine the proliferation and cell cycle of the K562 cells. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase stain kit(SA-β-gal) was used to detect the positive rate of senescent cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA level of telomerase reverse transcriptase(TERT) was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1, TSC2, and mTOR were determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that CⅡ-3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells and the treatment with 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 for 72 h had the highest inhibition rate. Therefore, 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 treatment for 72 h was selected as the standard for subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, CⅡ-3 increased the proportion of cells arrested in G_0/G_1 phase, decreased the proportion of cells in S phase, increased the positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining, elevated the mitochondrial membrane potential and down-regulated the mRNA expression of TERT. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of SIRT1 and TSC2 was down-regulated, while the mRNA expression of mTOR was up-regulated. The protein expression of SIRT1 and p-TSC2 was down-regulated, while the protein expression of p-mTOR was up-regulated. The results indicated that P. americana extract CⅡ-3 induced the senescence of K562 cells via the SIRT1/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Periplaneta , Sirtuin 1/genetics , K562 Cells , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Mammals
9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 324-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004377

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a routine screening method for unexpected antibodies of blood donors, analyze the results of centralized screening for unexpected antibody of blood donors in the blood center, and compare the cost of centralized and decentralized screening modes. 【Methods】 A total of 35 591 blood donors were screened for unexpected antibodies from March 31, 2021 to July 31, 2021, using microcolumn gel method. Unexpected antibody screening reactive samples were further confirmed by the Transfusion Research Institute of Shenzhen Blood Center, and the demographic characteristics were further determined through the analysis of unexpected antibody positive population. The direct cost and indirect cost of centralized and decentralized unexpected antibody screening mode were compared. 【Results】 Forty unexpected antibody positive samples were confirmed in Shenzhen, with the positive rate at 0.11%(40/35 591), among which MNS, Rh and Lewis system accounted for 35% (14/40), 32.5% (13/40) and 17.5% (7/40), respectively. Males and females accounted for 45% (18/40) and 55% (22/40), respectively (P0.05). Unexpected antibody screening in a centralized way saved about 1.16 million yuan per year. 【Conclusion】 It is necessary to carry out unexpected antibody screening for all blood donors, and centralized screening is more economical than decentralized screening.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 541-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004250

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the prognosis of blood donors with occult hepatitis B virus infection (OBI) by long-term follow-up and repeated testing of HBsAg and HBV DNA. 【Methods】 From January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2020, voluntary blood donors were screened by both serological and viral nucleic acid(NAT) testing, then samples were further confirmed as HBV DNA positive by manual nested-PCR amplification.A total of 306 cases were detected as HBsAg negative /HBV DNA positive, then followed-up for a long time and re-examined of HBsAg and HBV DNA to confirm whether they had infected with OBI.The prognosis of patients with OBI who experienced long-term immunization was determined by repeated testing. 【Results】 A total of 306 HBsAg negative/ HBV DNA positive blood donors had been followed up, and 40(13.07%, 40/306) were recalled frequently for re-examination.Among them, 90%(36/40), 57.5%(23/40), 40% (16/40)were anti-HBc + , anti-HBs + and anti-HBe + , respectively, and 50%(20/40), 40%(16/40), 7.5%(3/40) and 2.5% (1/40)were anti-HBs+ / anti-HBc + , anti-HBc + / anti-HBs -, anti-HBc -/ anti-HBs + and anti-HBc -/ anti-HBs -, respectively.Those 40 blood donors were followed-up for 1-13 times, with the duration of 8-108 months (0.6~9 years).1 donor (2.5%) was followed-up less than 1 year, 11 (27.5%)>1 year and ≤3 years, 23 (57.5%) 23(57.5%)>3 years and ≤5 years, and 5 (12.5%) for more than 5 years.After long-term following up and repeated testing, 50%(20/40)of OBI blood donors turned negative for HBV DNA (HBsAg negative / HBV DNA negative), 42.5% (17/40)were confirmed as OBI infection (HBsAg negative / HBV DNA positive), and 7.5%(3/40) were hard to determine (after repeated testing, the results were either positive or negative). 【Conclusion】 After long-term following up and repeated screening, we found that none of the OBI patients turned into acute or chronic HBV infection, and most of them maintained OBI.However, OBI blood donors carry very low load of HBV DNA for a long time, which could lead to false negative results of NAT and bring a great challenge to the safety of blood transfusion.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 123-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of the oncoplastic round block technique in surgical management of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM).Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, a total of 18 patients (24 to 38 years old, 32.2 years in average) with IGM underwent excision of the inflammatory breast mass with oncoplastic round block technique, the postoperative clinical efficacy was summarized and analyzed.Results:All 18 patients with IGM underwent excision of the inflammatory breast mass with oncoplastic round block technique, among them 2 patients underwent round-block reduction surgery of contralateral breast at the same time. The median follow-up duration was 16.1 months (from 6 to 36 months). Incision poor healing occurred in two cases which was cured after dressing change. Recurrence occurred in one case at 6 months after operation, and then cured with conservative measures. No other severe complications occurred. All patients were satisfacted with the results.Conclusions:Application of oncoplastic round block technique in surgical management of IGM may remove more tissue in order to reduce the recurrent rate, and get a better cosmetic results.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 189-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate multi-channel transcatheter embolotherapy for type Ⅱ endoleak originating from lumbar arteries after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR).Methods:Data of 8 cases of type Ⅱ endoleak after EVAR from Oct 2017 to Nov 2020 at the Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Results:All patients who suffered from type Ⅱ endoleak that originated from lumbar arteries after EVAR were successfully treated with coils and mixture of Compant medical glue and iodipin through multi-channel. The technical success rate was 100%, the operative time was 80-150 min. Right lower limb dyskinesia occurred in 1 patient after operation, the symptom disappeared by anticoagulation and trophic neurotherapy for 2 months. Type Ⅱ endoleak didn't recur in all patients, and no mortality during the 4-38(14.1) months follow-up period.Conclusion:Multi-channel transcatheter embolotherapy has definite effects for the treatment of type Ⅱ endoleak from lumbar arteries after EVAR, with high technical feasibility, few perioperative complications, low mortality among other advantages. The results of short and medium term are satisfactory.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976115

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) Methods among painters in the manufacturing industry. A total of 639 painters from one shipbuilding enterprise, one automobile manufacturing enterprise and three wooden furniture manufacturing enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. The Chinese version of Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was Results used to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in the past one year, and the influencing factors were analyzed. The total prevalence rate of WMSDs among painters in the manufacturing industry was 37.4%. The prevalence of WMSDs in different vs vs P industries from high to low was shipbuilding, automobile and furniture manufacturing (50.0% 38.7% 29.0%, <0.01). The prevalence of WMSDs in different parts of the body from high to low was neck, ankle/foot, shoulder, low back, upper back, knee, vs vs vs vs vs vs vs vs P hand/wrist, hip/leg and elbow (20.7% 19.2% 17.4% 15.8% 14.1% 13.8% 13.5% 9.5% 6.6%, <0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that working in uncomfortable postures was a risk factor for neck, ankle/ P P foot and shoulder WMSDs (all <0.01); long time head turning was a risk factor for neck and shoulder WMSDs (both <0.05); P overweight and obesity, and bending and turning frequently at the same time were risk factors for ankle/foot WMSDs (all <0.05); P adequate rest time was a protective factor for neck and ankle/foot WMSDs (both <0.01); participated in physical exercise more P than once a week was a protective factor of neck and shoulder WMSDs in painters (all <0.05), after excluding the influence of Conclusion confounding factors. The prevalence of WMSDs in manufacturing painters was high, and the main body parts E mail 4813545@qq.com E mail wangzhongxu2003@163.com· · 中国职业医学 年 月第 卷第 期 , , , 482 2022 10 49 5 Chin Occup Med October 2022 Vol.49 No.5 involved were neck, ankle/foot and shoulder. The influencing factors include individual factors, poor ergonomics factors and unreasonable work organization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 918-923, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationships among perceived social constraints, social participation, as well as anxiety and depression in first stroke patients, and to further analyze the mediating effect of social participation on these variables.Methods:A total of 216 first stroke patients in the Department of Neurology of Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from April to December 2020 were recruited by convenience sampling and investigated by general information questionnaire, Social Constraints Scale (SCS), Chinese version of Impact on Participation and Autonomy Questionaire (IPA-C) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).Results:The total score of SCS, IPA-C, depression and anxiety were 33.49 ± 6.81, 43.42 ± 9.62, 8.05 ± 4.15 and 8.61 ± 2.59. Social constraints were positively correlated with social participation as well as anxiety ( r=0.644, 0.383, both P<0.05). Social constraints were positively correlated with social participation as well as depression ( r=0.482, 0.371, both P<0.05). The quality of social participation partially mediated the relationship between social constraints and anxiety (intermediary effect was 0.119), and also partially mediated the relationship between social constraints and depression (intermediary effect was 0.270). Conclusions:First stroke patients experience high level of social constraints, low quality of social participation and severe anxiety and depression. Social constraints can affect anxiety and depression through social participation. Medical staff should build a good environment to meet the needs of stroke patients of social participation, help patients to establish a correct psychological coping style, reduce patients' avoidance of social participation due to perceived constraints and exclusion, and thus promote the mental health of patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 343-346, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004518

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the viability of 2 different blood screening strategies against SARS-CoV-2 in low risk populations, so as to provide references for the formulation of blood screening strategy. 【Methods】 Two screening strategies for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were adopted: 1) the total antibody were initially screened for all samples, and the antibody IgG and IgM were retested in those primary positive samples; 2) only antibody test of IgG and IgM for all samples. And SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected in parallel. Reactive samples was confirmed by neutralization test. The sensitivity, specificity and true positive rate of two strategies were calculated. 【Results】 None was positive for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid among 880 samples. Four truly positive samples were implicated in 9 (1.02%, 9/880) initially reactive samples in total antibody test; 3 in 26 (2.95%, 26/880) initially IgG or IgM reactive samples. 【Conclusion】 The first strategy is superior to the second strategy in the sensitivity and specificity, and is recommended for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 antibody in low risk populations.

16.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 827-831, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004421

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate HBV infection with low level of HBsAg and nucleic acid testing(NAT) non-reactive results in blood donors, and analyze molecular characteristics. 【Methods】 Low level HBsAg but NAT-nonreactive samples were collected and tested for HBsAg by Abbott chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA)., HBsAg, anti-HBs, HBeAg, anti-HBe and anti-HBc were further detected by Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay(ECLI). BCP/PC and S regions were also amplified by Nested-PCRs and qPCR for HBV DNA quantity were adopted simultaneously. 【Results】 Of 100 363 donations, 60(0.054%) low level HBsAg and NAT-nonreactive blood samples were enrolled the study. In which, 54/60(90%) and 57/60(95%) were WanTai HBsAg ELISA and DiaSorin HBsAg ELISA reactive respectively. Of 33 cases genotyped, genotype B were 87.9%( 29/33), including adw2 96.6%(28/29) and adw1 3.4%(1/29), C was observed in 4(12.1%) with sero-type adrq+. Mutations in S gene of genotype B such as Q101R, Q129H, T131I, M133L/T, F134L, G145R, V168A, L175S and V177A were observed as notable mutations, which can affect HBsAg diagnosis. A high frequency mutation C1799G(87.5%, 21/24)were detected in BCP/PC and would reduce the replication of virus. The median viral load measured by qPCR was 49.6(0~628)IU/mL. 【Conclusion】 A small part of donations with low-level HBsAg and NAT-nonreactive can not be deferred by one isolated ELISA screening assay. It is necessary to apply more sensitive and specific HBsAg assays and NAT in blood screening, and improve the ability to detected mutants.

17.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1036-1039, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004410

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To validate the performance of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antigens and antibodies for blood-borne diseases, so as to meet the requirements of blood screening laboratories. 【Methods】 The reproducibility, precision, sensitivity, specificity, conformance and detection limit of ELISA reagents under different detection procedures were verified according to relevant standards and reagent instructions. 【Results】 The performance verification results of the test procedures were in line with the relevant standards and laboratory requirements. 【Conclusion】 The performance of ELISA method can meet the relevant standards and requirements, as well as the application requirements of the laboratory. Through the analysis and comparison of the performance verification data, the blood screening laboratory can better understand the performance indicators of the detection system, continuously improve the performance of the detection system, and ensure the safety of clinical blood use.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1082-1086, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004301

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To track and evaluate the clinical diagnostic efficacy of an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 【Methods】 Total antibody (TAb) specific to SARS-CoV-2 in blood donors were determined using ELISA reagent. TAb positive donors were followed up 1 month after blood donation. SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG, IgM and pseudotype lentivirus based neutralization test (ppNAT) were conducted for TAb positive blood donors and follow-up samples. ppNAT and IgG antibodies simultaneously positive in ppNAT positive samples and its follow-up samples was used as the standard for antibodies validation. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy and Youden index of SARS-CoV-2 TAb ELISA were analyzed. 【Results】 Among 16 016 blood donors from January 31 to April 28, 2020, 61 donors were diagnosed as TAb positive, 6 cases were positive for ppNAT, in which 2 were positive for both ppNAT and IgG; 4 of 46 TAb positive follow-up samples were positive for ppNAT, in which 2 were positive for IgG simultaneously. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, accuracy, Youden index, false positive rate and false negative rate of SARS-CoV-2 TAb reagent were 100.00%, 99.60%, 3.28%, 100.00%, 99.60%, 99.60%, 0.40% and 0.00%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 SARS-CoV-2 TAb ELISA has high sensitivity and good clinical diagnostic efficacy, but the false positive rate is relatively high in low-risk blood donors. Therefore, ppNAT, IgG and follow-up results should be fully considered in clinical in order to analyze the positive results and determine the infection status more accurately.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 390-395, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873412

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of different cytopathological grading standards on the efficiency of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. MethodsRelated clinical data and pancreatic cytopathological results were collected from 256 patients with pancreatic space-occupying lesions who underwent EUS-FNA in The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from May 2011 to March 2019, and the influencing factors for the diagnostic efficiency of EUS-FNA were analyzed based on surgical pathology and follow-up results. The independent samples t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the value of different cytopathological grading standards in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. ResultsA total of 67 patients who were lost to follow-up were excluded, and a total of 189 patients were included in the study. According to the Papanicolaou cytopathological standard, there were 47 cases of heterotypic cells, 25 cases of suspected cancer cells, 20 cases of cancer cells, and 97 cases without tumor cells based on EUS-FNA. A total of 133 patients were confirmed to have pancreatic cancer by postoperative pathology and follow-up results, among whom 52 had no tumor cells, 36 had heterotypic cells, 25 had suspected cancer cells, and 20 had cancer cells based on cytopathological results. EUS-FNA had a true positive rate of 6090% (81 patients) and a false negative rate of 39.10% (52 patients) in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer; for the 56 patients without pancreatic cancer, EUS-FNA had a false positive rate of 19.64% (11 patients) and a true negative rate of 80.36% (45 patients). EUS-FNA had an area under the ROC curve of 0.643 (95% confidence interval: 0.561-0.724) in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. In combination with different cytopathological grading standards and with the diagnostic criteria of “the identification of heterotypic cells or suspected cancer cells or cancer cells was considered positive”, “the identification of suspected cancer cells or cancer cells was considered positive”, and “the identification of cancer cells was considered positive”, the results showed that the diagnostic criteria of “the identification of heterotypic cells or suspected cancer cells or cancer cells was considered positive” improved the efficiency of EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, with a sensitivity of 50.38% and a specificity of 75.00%. Among the 189 patients, 13 (6.88%) experienced complications after EUS-FNA, which included hyperamylasemia and abdominal pain. ConclusionThe combination of different cytopathological grading standards can help improve the efficiency of EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 20-24, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of in vitro fenestration endovascular aortic repair(fEVAR) in the juxtarenal abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm and its up to mid-term results.Methods:The clinical data of 5 cases of juxtarenal abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm from Oct 2016 to Jul 2019 at the Department of Vascular Surgery, Henan Provincial People′s Hospital was retrospectively analyzed, including therapy options, accesses, techniques of fenestration, bundle of the stent-graft, near to medium-term effects.Results:All patients were treated with fEVAR, the technical success rate was 100%. Stent modify time ranged from 50 to120 minutes, fEVAR time ranged from 75 to 210 minutes. The follow-up period was 15~42 months. All of the stents are in good position, there is no stent-related complications, and no deaths. Primary diseases are well controlled.Conclusion:The treatment for juxtarenal abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms with fEVAR , as a full-intraluminal method, is of minimal invasion, few perioperative complications, low mortality. Result of up to mid-term follow up is satisfactory.

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