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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 124-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935655

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment of critically ill children with acute chlorine poisoning and explore the risk factors and effective strategies. Methods: This retrospective study collected the clinical data, including general state, clinical characteristics, treatment and follow-up(till 1 year and 6 months after discharge), of 6 critically ill children who were hospitalized in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Beijing Children's Hospital due to acute chlorine poisoning in August 2019. Results: There were 6 children characterized by severe dyspnea in this accident, among whom 4 were boys and two girls, aged 4-12 years. When the accident occurred, they were within 5 m of the chlorine source. These patients underwent tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in 3.5-7.0 h after poisoning. The child who was the closest to the chlorine source (1.5 m) and took the longest time (5 min) to evacuate was the most severe one. He suffered hypoxia which could not be corrected by conventional mechanical ventilation and severe shock, then had veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) treatment started 10 h after the accident. All the 6 children in this study survived. Following-up found no growth and developmental abnormality. The pulmonary function tests were normal except for one case with increased small airway resistance due to previous suspected asthma, and the lung CT, electhoencephalogram, and brain magnetic resonance imaging were all normal. Conclusions: Severe chlorine poisoning is mainly characterized by respiratory failure. Mechanical ventilation is often required within a few hours after poisoning. When conventional mechanical ventilation is ineffective, ECMO could save live. Timely treatment could improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Chlorine , Critical Illness , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Humans , Male , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934316

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe aqueous cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT), and to explore influencing factors for transient elevation of CMV-DNA load during the treatment.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 2016 to July 2020, 28 eyes of 19 patients with CMVR after Allo-HSCT diagnosed in the Department of Ophthalmology of Peking University People's Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 8 males with 12 eyes, 11 females with 16 eyes; the mean age was 28 years; 10 patients were unilateral and 9 patients were bilateral. During the course of treatment and follow-up, the blood CMV-DNA remained negative. All patients were treated with intravitreal injection of 60 mg/ml ganciclovir 0.05 ml (containing ganciclovir 3 mg), twice a week for two weeks in induction phase and weekly injection in maintenance phase. Aqueous humor sample was collected during injection of ganciclovir (IVG) and CMV-DNA load was determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Intravitreal treatment was terminated if aqueous CMV-DNA load turned negative after the fourth or later intravitreal injection. The patients were followed up every 2 weeks for at least 6 months. Serum CMV-DNA was negative in all patients during treatment and follow-up. All the eyes were divided into continuous decline group and non-continuous decline group depending on whether there was transient elevation of aqueous CMV-DNA load, and data between two groups were compared. Pearson linear regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between aqueous CMV-DNA load and injection times or treatment duration.Results:At the end of treatment, the median number of IVG in the affected eye was 7 (4, 9). The results of correlation analysis showed that the aqueous humor CMV-DNA load of the affected eye was related to the number of treatments [ R2=0.385, P<0.000 1, B=-0.237 log 10 copies/(ml·time)], and the duration of treatment [ R2=0.394, P <0.000 1, B=-0.301 log 10 copies/(ml·week)] were negatively correlated. Among the 28 eyes, 13 eyes (46.4%, 13/28) in the continuous decline group and 15 eyes (53.6%, 15/28) in the non-sustained decline group. Baseline visual acuity ( t=-1.223), intraocular pressure ( t=1.538), aqueous humor CMV-DNA load ( t=-0.109), retinitis lesion area ( Z=-0.308) in the continuous decline group and the non-continuous decline group), the number of quadrants involved ( Z=-0.024) and whether the macula was involved ( Z=-1.826), combined with anterior segment inflammation ( Z =-0.499), combined with high intraocular pressure ( Z=-1.342), terminal visual acuity ( t =-0.845), intraocular pressure ( t=-0.068), total IVG times ( Z=0.907), age ( Z=-0.832), gender composition ( Z=-1.074), etc. The difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The CMV-DNA load in aqueous humor decreases by about 50% every week during the treatment of CMVR eyes after Allo-HSCT; the transient increase in the CMV-DNA load in the aqueous humor during treatment does not affect the treatment process and clinical prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Tonghua Dongbao′s insulin aspart injection (Rishulin) and NovoRapid (Novo Nordisk) in the treatment of diabetes.Methods:A 26-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, positive control drug and non-inferiority trial was conducted in 23 centers in China. A total of 563 diabetes with poor blood glucose control treated with insulin for at least 3 months before were included. The subjects were randomized(stratified block random method) into those receiving Rishulin or NovoRapid at a ratio of 3∶1. Both groups were combined with basal insulin (Lantus). The primary endpoint was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to the end of 24 weeks of treatment.Results:For full analysis set, after 24 weeks of treatment, HbA1c level of Ruishulin group decreased from (8.66±1.28)% to (7.77±1.09)% ( P<0.001), and that of NovoRapid group decreased from (8.47±1.28) % to (7.65±0.97) % ( P<0.001). Treatment difference in HbA1c (NovoRapid group-Ruishulin group) was -0.061% (95% CI -0.320-0.199). HbA1c<7.0% target reacing rates were 24.26% and 21.21% ( P=0.456), and HbA1c<6.5% target reacing rates were 9.65% and 6.82% ( P=0.310) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, repectively. The standard 2 hours postprandial blood glucose (2hPG) in Ruishulin group decreased from (16.23±5.22) mmol/L to (12.65±4.57) mmol/L ( P<0.001), and 2hPG in NovoRapid group decreased from (16.13±5.37) mmol/L to (11.91)±4.21) mmol/L ( P<0.001). The fingertips blood glucose at 7-point of both groups exhibited varying degrees of reduction compared with those at baseline, repectively. Positive ratios of specific antibodies were 31.68% in Ruishulin group and 36.36% in NovoRapid group ( P=0.320). Ratios of negative to positive were 7.43% and 10.61% ( P=0.360), and ratios of positive to negative were 10.40% and 7.58% ( P=0.360) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. The incidence of hypoglycemia was 60.05% and 55.40% ( P=0.371), and the incidence of adverse events was 76.60% and 77.70% ( P=0.818) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. Conclusions:Rishulin is not inferior to NovoRapid, and has shown good efficacy and safety. It can be an ideal choice for clinicians in patients with poor blood glucose control with insulin.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885892

ABSTRACT

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (CMVR) is a common opportunistic infection of the eye after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with hematological diseases. It often occurs within 3 months after the operation, with CMV activation and high blood CMV peaks. It often occurs on patients with long-term CMV viremia, human leukocyte antigen incompatible transplantation, unrelated donor transplantation, haploid transplantation, childhood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, delayed lymphocyte engraftment, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease after surgery. The visual prognosis of patients is related to the area of CMVR lesions on the retina, the number of quadrants involved, whether the macula is involved, and the CMV load of the vitreous body is involved, and it is not related to whether the Epstein-Barr virus infection is combined with blood and vitreous humor. The incidence of CMVR is increasing year by year. It is helpful that paying attention to systemic risk factors and epidemiology can provide more effective guidance for ophthalmologists during diagnosis and treatment, help patients improve the prognosis of vision, and reduce or even avoid the occurrence of blindness caused by CMVR.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure and analyze the corneal biological parameters of Tibetan junior middle school students who have lived in Mozhugongka County of Lhasa city for a long time.Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed.The basic information including gender, age and grade of 1 784 Tibetan junior high school students who have lived in Mozhugongka County of Lhasa city for a long time was collected, and the corneal biological parameters were measured in May, 2020.The available data of 690 students were obtained in this study.Unilateral eye of each subject was randomly selected for statistical analysis using computer random number method.Three hundred and forty-five right eyes and 345 left eyes from 366 males and 324 females were included.There were 461 eyes from students aged 12 to 15 years, and 229 eyes from students aged 16 to 20 years.Sirius 3D corneal topography and anterior segment analysis system were used to measure the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), iridocorneal corneal angle, simulated K1 and simulated K2, thinnest point position.Histogram and Q-Q chart were used to assess the distribution of continuous variables except the thinnest point position of cornea.The differences in biological parameters were compared between males and females, 12-15 years group and 16-20 years group as well as right eyes and left eyes.The literature of corneal biological parameters from other ethnic group was reviewed and compared with the Tibetan subjects.This study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tibet Hospital (No.QZYY2019-IRBPJ-21).Results:The ACD of the right eye of the students was (3.31±0.27)mm, which was significantly greater than (3.26±0.26)mm of the left eye ( t=0.745, P=0.012). Mean TCT, CCT, iridocorneal angle, simulated K1 and simulated K2 were (504.99±30.73)μm, (509.10±35.82)μm, (47.45±5.70)°, (43.15±1.89)D, and (44.16±2.29)D of the right eye, and thoes of the left eyes were (503.34±29.22)μm, (508.36±28.75)μm, (47.86±5.88)°, (43.06±1.40)D and (44.16±1.53)D, respectively, with no significant differences between the right and left eyes (all at P>0.05). The ACD and iridocorneal angle were significantly greater, and the simulated K1 and simulated K2 were significantly smaller in males compared with females (all at P<0.05). There were no significant differences in TCT and CCT between males and females (both at P>0.05). The corneal biological parameters were not signficantly different between different age groups (all at P>0.05). The thinnest point of cornea distributed mainly at inferior temporal quadrant zone for the right eyes, and superior temporal quadrant zone for the left eyes. Conclusions:Corneal biological parameters of Tibetan junior high school students in high altitude areas might be different from those of other ethnic students.Ophthalmologists should pay attention to this population in diagnosis and treatment of corneal diseases and refractive error.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of different intraocular infusion solutions on histology and function of retina.Methods:Human corneal endothelial cells (HCEC), human retinal pigment epithelium (HRPE) cells and rat retinal ganglion cells (RGC) were divided into normal control group, balanced saline solution (BSS) group and compound electrolyte intraocular irrigating solution (CEIIS) group, and the cells were cultured in 10% DMEM/F12 medium, BSS and CEIIS for 12, 24 and 48 hours, respectively, according to grouping.The proliferation absorbance value of cultured cells was measured by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) method.The expression of apoptosis related proteins in cultured cells was detected by cellular immunofluorescence staining.The cell apoptosis rate and cell cycle were measured by flow cytometry.The mitochondrial damage was detected by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) quantitative detection kit.Fifteen New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into control group ( n=3), BSS group ( n=6) and CEIIS group ( n=6). The left eyes were taken for vitrectomy and different intraocular perfusion fluids were used during vitrectomy according to grouping.The retinal function of operative eyes was measured by flash electroretinogram (ERG) before operation and 24 hours after operation, and the structural changes of each layer of retina were detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT). The early apoptosis of retinal cells was detected by TUNEL staining.The expressions of cytochrome C and bax protein in retina were detected by immunohistochemical staining.The ultrastructural changes of retina were observed under a transmission electron microscope.The use and care of animals complied with the ARVO statement.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Peking University People's Hospital (No.2019PHE059). Results:The three kinds of cultured cells in BSS and CEIIS groups were damaged in various degrees.With the extension of culture time, proliferated cells were decreased and the number of apoptotic cells was increased.Compared with the BSS group, cultured cells in the CEIIS group were dense and in orderly arrangement with uniform morphology and size.The apoptosis rates of HRPE cells and RGC in the BSS group were (37.157±6.918)% and (29.993±12.330)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (4.163±1.310)% and (6.337±1.903)% in the CEIIS group ( P=0.003, 0.045). There was no significant difference in G0/G1+ S phase ratio of HCEC and HRPE cells among the normal control group, BSS group and CEIIS group (HCEC: F=2.226, P=0.189; HRPE: F=2.634, P=0.151), and the proportion of G2/M division arrest phase of RGC in the BSS group was significantly higher than that in the normal control group and CEIIS group ( P=0.047, 0.024). The proliferation absorbance values of HCEC, HRPE cells and RGC in the CEIIS group were significantly higher than those in the BSS group at each culture time point (all at P<0.05). The fluorescence intensity of cytochrome C, bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 proteins in the BSS group was stronger than that in the normal control group and CEIIS group, and the fluorescence intensity of bcl-2 was weaker than that in the CEIIS group, and the fluorescence intensity of zonula occluden-1 (ZO-1) was weaker than that in the normal control group and CEIIS group.The release level of LDH in the BSS group was significantly higher than that in the CEIIS group at different time points (all at P<0.001). After 48 hours of culture, the release level of SDH in the BSS group was significantly higher than that in the CEIIS group ( P<0.05). No retinal histological abnormalities was found through OCT examination of rabbit eyes after vitrectomy in the two groups, but transmission electron microscopy showed that there were different degrees of loose arrangement of retinal photoreceptor cells, a large number of photoreceptor outer membrane discs falling off and vacuolar degeneration in the two groups, especially in the BSS group.TUNEL staining showed that the apoptotic cells were mainly located in the inner nuclear layer and RGC layer.The number of apoptotic retinal cells was (135.2±22.8)/high-power field of vision in the BSS group, which was significantly higher than (81.3±17.7)/high-power field of vision in the CEIIS group ( t=4.175, P=0.002). Full field flash ERG showed that the amplitudes of scotopic 3.0 ERG a- and b-wave in the CEIIS group after operation were significantly lower than those before operation, but the differences were not statistically significant (all at P>0.05). The amplitudes of scotopic 3.0 ERG a- and b-wave in the BSS group after operation were significantly lower than those before operation ( P=0.026, 0.010). Conclusions:In vivo and in vitro research results show that compared with BSS, there were few apoptotic cells in retinal tissue after vitrectomy perfused by CEIIS.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871692

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the safety and efficacy of regime that based on aqueous cytomegalovirus-DNA (CMV-DNA) load and IL-8 determination for therapeutic monitoring and local treatment cessation of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).Methods A prospective case series study.A total of 14 CMVR patients (22 eyes) after allogeneic HSCT diagnosed in Ophthalmology Department of Peking University People's Hospital between January 2016 and December 2018 were involved in this study.All patients were CMV-DNA seronegative at baseline and were treated with intravitreous injection of ganciclovir (IVG,3 mg in 0.05 ml) twice per week for 4 times in the induction stage and once a week in the maintenance stage.Aqueous humor sample was collected during the first time of IVG every week.CMV-DNA and the level of IL-8 were measured by real time quantitative PCR and ELISA,respectively.During follow-up,negative CMV-DNA (< 103/ml) or level of IL-8 < 30 pg/ml in aqueous sample was set as local treatment cessation.Then patients were followed every 2 weeks for at least 6 months.BCVA,intraocular pressure and fundus examination were taken for each visit.The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard visual acuity chart,which was converted into logMAR visual acuity.BCVA and intraocular pressure at the baseline and the last follow-up were compared by the Student t matching test.Results Of the 14 CMVR patients (22 eyes) after allogeneic HSCT,8 patients (16 eyes) were bilateral,6 patients (6 eyes) were unilateral.At the baseline,the mean logMAR BCVA was 0.814 ± 0.563,the intraocular pressure was 17.2 ± 7.8 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa),the mean aqueous CMV-DNA load was (3.43 ± 4.96)× 105/ml,the mean level of IL-8 was 518 ± 541 pg/ml.At cessation of local treatment,the median number of intravitreal injections was 5 times.Nine eyes showed negative CMV-DNA in aqueous humor,of which,7 eyes showed negative IL-8 in aqueous.CMV-DNA could still be detected in 13 eyes,while IL-8 was negative.Only one eye's retinal lesion was completely quiet.Six months after local treatment cessation,the mean logMAR B CVA was 0.812 ± 0.691,the intraocular pressure was 14.8± 5.4 mmHg;which was not significantly different from baseline (t=-0.107,1.517;P=0.916,0.137).Recurrence of CMVR happened in only 1 eye because of systemic EB virus infection.Retinal lesions progressively improved and became completely quiet in all the remaining 20 eyes.In 22 eyes,iatrogenic vitreous hemorrhage occurred due to low platelet count during treatment (< 30 × 109/ml) in 4 eyes.When the treatment was terminated for 6 months,the fundus of hematoma absorption was clearly visible.At the time of CMVR diagnosis,there were 2 eyes (9%) with posterior subcapsular opacity,which may be caused by systemic glucocorticoid therapy after allogeneic HSCT.Conclusion Aqueous CMV-DNA load and level of IL-8 could be used as quantitative variables for monitoring the therapeutic effect and determining time for local treatment cessation for CMVR after HSCT safely and efficiently.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792105

ABSTRACT

The etiology of intraocular inflammatory disease and its diagnosis is complicated. Currently available and newly emerging systemic and ocular examinations are of important to determine etiology of intraocular inflammatory disorders. But there also exists multiple misunderstanding, and the strategy of their application is not well defined, or even exaggerated. Unprincipled or randomly selection of auxiliary examination would not help for etiology determination, but bring unnecessary pain and economic burden to patients. Establishment of diagnosis thinking of intraocular inflammatory disease is helpful to standardize the diagnosis process of the disease, improve the diagnostic efficiency, and relief patients from the pain and financial burden that caused by too many useless examinations.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817957

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by the body's dysfunctional response to infection. There is currently no definitive symptomatic treatment for sepsis inflammatory response in the clinic. Blood purification treatment exerts immunomodulatory effects by non-specifically eliminating endotoxin and/or inflammatory mediators and shows a good prospect of application in sepsis. However,most studies on the treatment of sepsis with blood purification have not shown significant improvement in patients' prognosis. This article reviews the research progress of immunoregulation mechanism of blood purification therapy for sepsis,as well as the advantages and disadvantages of different blood purification methods.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 595-600, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of rheumatic disease-associated episcleritis and scleritis. Methods The clinical and laboratory features of 20 in-patients with episcleritis or scleritis from September 2005 to July 2016 in Peking University People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The data of 11 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were compared with 33 RA patients without episcleritis or scleritis of similar gender composition and age presented in the same period. T test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and rank sum test were used for statistical analysis. Results Among the 20 patients, the average age was (58±15) years old. Episcleritis and scleritis each accounted for half. The spectrum of rheumatic diseases included, in the order of disease frequency, RA, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic vasculitis, relapsing polychondritis (RP), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD). RA and SLE patients accounted for 55% and 20% cases respectively. Episcleritis and scleritis occurred significantly earlier in lupus patients than RA patients [(2.1 ±1.4) year vs (16.3 ±12.7) year, t'=3.598, P<0.01]. RA patients with episcleritis or scleritis had higher platelet (PLT) count [(330 ±138)]× 109/L vs (234±91)×109/L, t=2.652, P<0.05), higher X-ray scores (P<0.01), more bone erosion [(90%(10/11) vs 52%(17/33),χ2=3.9, P<0.05] and frequent pulmonary interstitial involvement [46%(15/33) vs 9%(1/11),χ2=5.1, P<0.05]. Among 20 patients, 18 patients received systemic glucocorticosteroid. Patients with sclera involvement received a significantly higher dose of corticosteroid than patients without sclera involvement [(17.1 ±16.8) mg/d vs (2.2 ±4.2) mg/d, t'=2.907, P<0.01]. Patients with scleritis received a significantly higher dose of cortico-steroid than patients with episcleritis [(31 ±14) mg/d vs (5 ±6) mg/d, t=-3.959, P<0.01]. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic diseases (DMARDs) and immunosuppressive agents prescribe dincluded methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide (LEF), hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), cyclosporine A (CsA) and cyclophosphamide (CTX). One refractory case of scleritis recovered after the administration of TNF inhibitor agent. Steroids and NSAIDs eye-drops were administered as well. Conclusion Episcleritis and scleritis are relatively rare ocular diseases, which are commonly associated with rheumatic diseases. In patients with RA, the occurrence of episcleritis or scleritis may suggest severe diseases and other co-existing extraarticular manifestations. The scleral invol ve-ment in RA patients ismore resistant to treatment compared to SLE. Consideration must be given to both rheumatic diseases and ocular disorders when dealing with the treatment strategy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638187

ABSTRACT

Background Bilateral congenital cataract is one of the vision-threating diseases during infant age.Intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is an ideal refraction correction method for children who have already received bilateral cataract extraction.However,the timing and effectiveness of secondary IOL implantation are still under debate.Objective This study was to analyze the visual changes and affecting factors before and after secondary IOL implantation and explore the operative timing.Methods The clinical data of 58 eyes of 29 patients who received bilateral cataract extraction-refractive correction and vision training-secondary IOL implantation in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed.All the patients received bilateral cataract extraction and posterior capsulotomy with anterior vitrectomy during their first year of life firstly,followed by the wearing of refractive spectacles or visual training,and secondary IOL implantation was simultaneously performed until >2 years old.Best corrected visual acurity (BCVA) (LogMAR) was examined at 1 week before and 3 months after secondary surgery under the mydriasis.Changes,distribution alternation of BCVA and the relationship of visual prognosis with preoperative visual acuity were evaluated.Results The average age at surgery of the patients was (3.26±2.07) months and that at secondary IOL implantation was (4.79± 1.38) years,with the operative interval of (4.28± 1.33) years.The BCVA before and after secondary IOL implantation was 0.790± 0.422 and 0.570±0.307 respectively,showing a significant difference between them (t =3.223,P<0.001).The number of eyes with BCVA ≥ 0.5 after surgery was significantly more than that before surgery (x2=53.931,P<0.001).A positive correlation in unilateral BCVA was seen between before and after secondary IOL implantation (R2 =0.232,F =17.037,P < 0.001).Conclusions A systemic management of bilateral cataract extractionrefractive correction and vision training-secondary IOL implantation for congenital cataract is beneficial to BCVA improvement and amblyopia treatment,and it should be performed as early as possible on the premise of ensuring the safety of life.Secondary IOL implantation should be timely carried out for aphakic children with poor compliance and outcomes during vision training after congenital cataract extraction.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 595-600, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662415

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of rheumatic disease-associated episcleritis and scleritis. Methods The clinical and laboratory features of 20 in-patients with episcleritis or scleritis from September 2005 to July 2016 in Peking University People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The data of 11 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients were compared with 33 RA patients without episcleritis or scleritis of similar gender composition and age presented in the same period. T test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and rank sum test were used for statistical analysis. Results Among the 20 patients, the average age was (58±15) years old. Episcleritis and scleritis each accounted for half. The spectrum of rheumatic diseases included, in the order of disease frequency, RA, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic vasculitis, relapsing polychondritis (RP), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD). RA and SLE patients accounted for 55% and 20% cases respectively. Episcleritis and scleritis occurred significantly earlier in lupus patients than RA patients [(2.1 ±1.4) year vs (16.3 ±12.7) year, t'=3.598, P<0.01]. RA patients with episcleritis or scleritis had higher platelet (PLT) count [(330 ±138)]× 109/L vs (234±91)×109/L, t=2.652, P<0.05), higher X-ray scores (P<0.01), more bone erosion [(90%(10/11) vs 52%(17/33),χ2=3.9, P<0.05] and frequent pulmonary interstitial involvement [46%(15/33) vs 9%(1/11),χ2=5.1, P<0.05]. Among 20 patients, 18 patients received systemic glucocorticosteroid. Patients with sclera involvement received a significantly higher dose of corticosteroid than patients without sclera involvement [(17.1 ±16.8) mg/d vs (2.2 ±4.2) mg/d, t'=2.907, P<0.01]. Patients with scleritis received a significantly higher dose of cortico-steroid than patients with episcleritis [(31 ±14) mg/d vs (5 ±6) mg/d, t=-3.959, P<0.01]. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic diseases (DMARDs) and immunosuppressive agents prescribe dincluded methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide (LEF), hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), cyclosporine A (CsA) and cyclophosphamide (CTX). One refractory case of scleritis recovered after the administration of TNF inhibitor agent. Steroids and NSAIDs eye-drops were administered as well. Conclusion Episcleritis and scleritis are relatively rare ocular diseases, which are commonly associated with rheumatic diseases. In patients with RA, the occurrence of episcleritis or scleritis may suggest severe diseases and other co-existing extraarticular manifestations. The scleral invol ve-ment in RA patients ismore resistant to treatment compared to SLE. Consideration must be given to both rheumatic diseases and ocular disorders when dealing with the treatment strategy.

13.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 767-771, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611585

ABSTRACT

The incidence of malignancy tumors has increased significantly recent years in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).As the first-line oral medicine of T2DM,in addition to the safe and effective hypoglycemic effect,metformin can reduce the incidence and mortality of cancer,and improve the prognosis in T2DM patients.While the exactly anti-tumor mechanisms of mefformin is not yet clear,which might be the inhibition of proliferation and promotion of apoptosis of tumor cells mainly by acting on an adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and microRNAs (miRNAs).And metformin can inhibit migration and invasion of tumor cells,as well as strengthen the effects of chemotherapy drugs.This article reviews the recent research progress of clinical and epidemiological studies and anticancer mechanisms of metformin.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486846

ABSTRACT

[Summary] The relationship between serum bilirubin and serum C-peptide levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was investigated. The clinical and laboratory data of 206 healthy subjects and 271 type 2 diabetic patients were collected. The partial correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis showed that serum bilirubin was positively correlated with fasting C-peptide, postprandial C-peptide, and the difference between postprandial C-peptide and fasting C-peptide levels(β=0. 171, 0. 111,0. 052,P<0. 05 or P<0. 01).

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498609

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically review the evidence for the effect of vitamin D supplementation on insulin resistance and blood glucose in people who are obese or people with abnormal glucose metabolism. Methods We searched databases including Pubmed, Elsevier, Web of Science, and WANFANG Database etc. for randomized controlled trials comparing vitamin D or analogues with placebo. We extracted data on insulin resistance and blood glucose, including homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance( HOMA-IR), fasting blood glucose, HbA1C (% ). A1l data were analyzed using Review Manager 5. 0. Results Nine studies involving 867 participants were included. The results of meta-analysis showed that: ( 1 ) For people who are obese and with abnormal glucose metabolism, meta-analysis showed a small improvement in HOMA-IR(SMD -0. 34,95% CI -0. 61 to -0. 06, P<0. 05) and a small effect on fasting glucose (SMD -0. 41 mmol/ L, 95% CI -0. 68 to -0. 15, P<0. 05),while such effects were not seen in people who are obese but with normal blood glucose. (2) No serious adverse events were associated with the administration of vitamin D. Conclusion vitamin D supplementation may be benefit for improving insulin resistance and fasting blood glucose in people who are obese and with abnormal glucose metabolism, but has no effect on obese people with normal blood glucose.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635793

ABSTRACT

Integrin is a kind of transmembrane protein which mediates the interaction between cells and cells,cells and extracellular matrix.When activated by the ligands,integrins modify and alter the activity and function of many cytoskeleton proteins and signal molecules.Integrins are able to cooperate with growth factor receptors in several steps at both cellular membrane and downstream signaling pathway and co-adjust the adhesion,survival,growth,differentiation,proliferation and migration of the cells,constructing a network of intracellular signaling transduction system.Diabeticretinopathy ( DR )hasacloserelationshipwithproliferation,migrationand neovascularization of vascular endothelial cells driven by growth factors.Since the interaction among growth factors,growth factor receptors,cellular migration and integrins,the treatment of DR,in the future,may be shifted from a growth factor inhibition aspect to integrin inhibition pattern.The signaling pathway,relationship of integrin and growth factor,effect of integrin in DR were reviewed.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1743-1746, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353971

ABSTRACT

One 22-month-old boy who was admitted for a fever lasting 6 days as well as a cough and wheezing lasting 2 days was reported. He was diagnosed with influenza A (H1N1, severe type), severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), Evans syndrome and multiple organ failure. This is the first case of novel influenza A (H1N1) and Evans syndrome. The pathogenesis is still unknown.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Diagnosis , Humans , Infant , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Virulence , Influenza, Human , Diagnosis , Virology , Male , Thrombocytopenia , Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391603

ABSTRACT

The immune effect of CD4~+CD28~-T cells on Graves'ophthalmopathy(GO)was investigated.The expressions of interferon-γ(IFN-γ),interleukin-2(IL-2),and IL-4 in CD4~+ CD28~-T ceils were assayed by flow cytometry in GO patients,Graves'disease(GD)patients without ophthalmopathy,and healthy control subjects.The results showed that the percentage of CD4~+CD28~-T cells significantly increased in GO patients(P<0.05),with increased IFN-γ expression(P<0.05)and decreased IL-2 expression(P<0.05).These changes were closely correlated with clinical activity score(P<0.05).There were no significant differences in IL-4 expression among three groups.The resuh suggests that CIM~+ CD28~- T cells which hishly secrete IFN-γare related to the pathological lesion of GO.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400149

ABSTRACT

The renal protective effect of complement factor H(CFH)and adrenomedullin (AM) on rat mesengial ceils (HBZY-1) cultured under high glucose levels was investigated. Results indicated that AM and CFH inhibited the expressions of transforming growth factor-β1 and extracellular matrix in HBZY-1 cells, suggesting that CFH and AM in combination seem to show some renal protective effects on diabetic nephropathy.

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