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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588


The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 115-117, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358882


Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely reported. We show two such cases and briefly review the literature and discuss the probable pathogenesis of their rapid progress.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Injuries , Fatal Outcome , Hematoma, Subdural, Acute
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 70-72, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404107


Objective To investigate the change of serum Nogo-A protein in patients with acute closed brain injury, and explore its relationship with the severity of neuronal damage and prognosis. Methods Thirty-one patients with acute closed brain injury were enrolled. Venous blood samples (2 mL) were obtained 1, 3 and 5 d after injury. Serum concentrations of Nogo-A protein were determined by ELISA. Patients were divided into mild (n =7), moderate (n = 10) and severe (n = 14) injury groups according to Glasgow coma score (GCS), and were divided into favorable prognosis (n = 23) and poor prognosis (n = 8) groups according to Glasgow outcome score (GOS). Another 20 healthy adults were served as controls. Results The mass concentrations of serum Nogo-A protein in mild, moderate and severe injury groups 1, 3, 5 d after injury were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.01), and the mass concentrations of serum Nogo-A protein in moderate and severe injury groups 1, 3, 5 d after injury were significantly higher than those in mild injury group (P <0.05, P <0.01). The mass concentrations of serum Nogo-A protein 1, 3, 5 d after injury were significantly higher in poor prognosis group than those in favourable prognosis group (P < 0.01). Conclusion Serum Nogo-A protein level significantly increases after brain injury, and is related to the degree of injury and prognosis.

International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 696-699, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392388


Post-traumatic cerebral infarction(PTCI)is a known severe complication of craniocerebral trauma. It often aggravates the disease of patients and increases mortality. The incidence of PTCI varies from 1.9%to 23%.In recent years. the incidence of PTCI has increased slightly with the continuous advancement of checkup means and awareness. Howeuer. because of the simultaneous existence of primary brain injury and various secondary brain damage, the early diagnosis and treatment of PTCI are difficult .This article reviews the clinical types, onset time, causes, clinical risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of PTCI.

Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1131-1134, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397774


Objective To analyze the emergercy epidemiological characteristics of coeualties with head in-jury in Shanghai. Method By a prospective study,the data of 18 076 casualties with head injury during the whole year 2004 collected from 12 joint hospitals in Shanghai were documented well in the unified survey tables with wide-range items failed in by the attending physician, who got the firsthand information from patients and witness.The data were analyzed by using SPPS version 11.5 software. Results Of 18 076 casualties with head injury,the ratio of male to female was 2.11: 1.The mean age of female was older than that of male (t=10.575, P<0.01).The highest incidence of casualties occurred in people of twenties (24.7 % ). The local residents of Shanghai ac-counted for 34.2% of casualties. More casualties often occurred in December,January,Mareh and August than in he rest. Of 5.1% casualties with head injury were assochted with labour work.The leading cause of injury was dif-ferent in patient cohorts of different ages. Fall was the most main cause of trauma in children cohort (aged<14)and the senile patients cohort (aged > 60). The violert assault and traffic accident caused the most head injuries in the adolescent people cohort ( aged 15~34 years old) and the young people cohort ( aged 35~59 year old). The majority of casualties (85.5%) received CT scan.The scalp laceration (40.2% of patients) was seen more often than other types of injury . The mortality of easualties with traumatic brain injury was 0. 5 % . Conclusions The kmowledge of epidemiologieal aend of emergency deparhnent visitors with head injury is amportant guidance to physicians arranging emergency medical resources rationally and formulating a comprehesive prevention stategy of castahies with head injury.