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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44148

ABSTRACT

Chlorfenapyr is a widely used, moderately hazardous pesticide. Previous reports have indicated that chlorfenapyr intoxication can be fatal in humans. We reported the first non-fatal case of chlorfenapyr-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy in a 44-year-old female with resolution of extensive and abnormal signal intensities in white matter tracts throughout the brain, brain stem, and spinal cord on serial magnetic resonance imaging.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Brain Stem/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Insecticides/toxicity , Leukoencephalopathies/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pyrethrins/toxicity , Spinal Cord/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate predictors for good restoration of blood flow of below-the-knee (BTK) chronic total occlusions (CTOs) after endovascular therapy in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 long-segmental (≥ 5 cm) BTK, CTOs in 81 patients who underwent recanalization were included in this study. After angioplasty, blood-flow restoration was assessed using modified thrombolysis in myocardial ischemia grades and classified as good flow (grade 3) and poor flow (grade 1/2). One hundred and six CTOs with successful recanalization were divided into a good flow group (GFG; n = 68) and poor flow group (PFG; n = 38). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were undertaken to determine independent predictors of blood-flow restoration. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the best cutoff value. The prevalence of target-lesion restenosis during follow-up was compared between two groups. RESULTS: Univariate analyses suggested that CTOs in GFG were characterized by lighter limb ischemia (p = 0.03), shorter course of ischemic symptoms (p < 0.01) and lesion length (p = 0.04), more frequent use of intraluminal angioplasty (p = 0.03), and higher runoff score (p < 0.01) than those in PFG. Multivariate regression analyses suggested that distal runoffs (p = 0.001; odds ratio [OR], 10.32; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.082–26.071) and lesion length (p < 0.001; OR, 1.26; 95% CI: 1.091–1.449) were independent predictors for good flow restoration. Kaplan-Meier analyses at 12 months showed a higher prevalence of non-restenosis in GFG (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Distal runoffs and lesion length are independent predictors for good flow restoration for long-segmental BTK, CTOs in DM patients who receive endovascular therapy.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Diabetes Mellitus , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ischemia , Logistic Models , Myocardial Ischemia , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157426

ABSTRACT

Multidetector CT (MDCT) gastrography has been regarded as a promising technique for the preoperative imaging of gastric cancer. It has the ability to produce various three-dimensional (3D) images. Because 3D reconstruction images are more effective and intuitive for recognizing abnormal changes in the gastric folds and subtle mucosal nodularity than two-dimensional images, 3D MDCT gastrography can enhance the detection rate of early gastric cancer, which, in turn, contributes to the improvement of the accuracy of preoperative tumor (T) staging. In addition, shaded surface display and tissue transition projection images provide a global view of the stomach, with the exact location of gastric cancer, which may replace the need for barium studies. In this article, we discuss technical factors in producing high-quality MDCT gastrographic images and present cases demonstrating the usefulness of MDCT gastrography for the detection and T staging of gastric cancer while emphasizing the significance of preoperative localization of gastric cancer in terms of surgical margin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Neoplasm Staging , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1226-1239, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102545

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation has become one of the most promising local cancer therapies for both resectable and nonresectable hepatic tumors. Although RF ablation is a safe and effective technique for the treatment of liver tumors, the outcome of treatment can be closely related to the location and shape of the tumors. There may be difficulties with RF ablation of tumors that are adjacent to large vessels or extrahepatic heat-vulnerable organs and tumors in the caudate lobe, possibly resulting in major complications or treatment failure. Thus, a number of strategies have been developed to overcome these challenges, which include artificial ascites, needle track ablation, fusion imaging guidance, parallel targeting, bypass targeting, etc. Operators need to use the right strategy in the right situation to avoid the possibility of complications and incomplete thermal tissue destruction; with the right strategy, RF ablation can be performed successfully, even for hepatic tumors in high-risk locations. This article offers technical strategies that can be used to effectively perform RF ablation as well as to minimize possible complications related to the procedure with representative cases and schematic illustrations.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Bile Duct Diseases/etiology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual/etiology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare gadoxetic acid injection rates of 0.5 mL/s and 1 mL/s for hepatic arterial-phase magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 101 consecutive patients with suspected focal liver lesions were included and randomly divided into two groups. Each group underwent dynamic liver MR imaging using a 3.0-T scanner after an intravenous injection of gadoxetic acid at rates of either 0.5 mL/s (n = 50) or 1 mL/s (n = 51). Arterial phase images were analyzed after blinding the injection rates. The signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the liver, aorta, portal vein, hepatic vein, spleen, and pancreas were measured. The contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) of the hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) were calculated. Finally, two experienced radiologists were independently asked to identify, if any, HCCs in the liver on the images and score the image quality in terms of the presence of artifacts and the proper enhancement of the liver, aorta, portal vein, hepatic vein, hepatic artery, spleen, pancreas, and kidney. RESULTS: The SNRs were not significantly different between the groups (p = 0.233-0.965). The CNRs of the HCCs were not significantly different (p = 0.597). The sensitivity for HCC detection and the image quality scores were not significantly different between the two injection rates (p = 0.082-1.000). CONCLUSION: Image quality and sensitivity for hepatic HCCs of arterial-phase gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR were not significantly improved by reducing the contrast injection rate to 0.5 mL/s compared with 1 mL/s.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Artifacts , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Gadolinium DTPA/administration & dosage , Hepatic Artery , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 116-119, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214001

ABSTRACT

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is commonly associated with liver cirrhosis, irrespective of the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Given that malignant PVT is a poor prognostic factor in patients with HCC, it is important to differentiate malignant PVT from benign PVT. Because malignant PVT has been reported to be contiguous with parenchymal HCC, in most cases, the presence of PVT alone indicates a benign entity. We report the case of a patient with rapid progression of malignant PVT mimicking benign PVT but without definite parenchymal HCC on imaging modalities.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease Progression , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Portal Vein , Thrombosis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218264

ABSTRACT

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a rare subtype of cutaneous lymphoma. There have been a few case reports describing the radiologic imaging findings of SPTCL. We report a case of SPTCL, rarely presented with a breast mass. Here, we review her clinical history and radiologic (mammography and ultrasound) findings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Mammography , Panniculitis/pathology , Rare Diseases/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish a minimally invasive and reproducible protocol for estimating the gastrointestinal (GI) transit time in mice using barium and radiopaque markers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty 5- to 6-week-old Balb/C female mice weighing 19-21 g were used. The animals were divided into three groups: two groups that received loperamide and a control group. The control group (n = 10) animals were administered physiological saline (1.5 mL/kg) orally. The loperamide group I (n = 10) and group II (n = 10) animals were administered 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg loperamide orally, respectively. Thirty minutes after receiving the saline or loperamide, the mice was administered 80 microL of barium solution and six iron balls (0.5 mm) via the mouth and the upper esophagus by gavage, respectively. Afterwards, the mice were continuously monitored with fluoroscopic imaging in order to evaluate the swallowing of the barium solution and markers. Serial fluoroscopic images were obtained at 5- or 10-min intervals until all markers had been excreted from the anal canal. For analysis, the GI transit times were subdivided into intestinal transit times (ITTs) and colon transit times (CTTs). RESULTS: The mean ITT was significantly longer in the loperamide groups than in the control group (p < 0.05). The mean ITT in loperamide group II (174.5 +/- 32.3) was significantly longer than in loperamide group I (133.2 +/- 24.2 minute) (p < 0.05). The mean CTT was significantly longer in loperamide group II than in the control group (p < 0.05). Also, no animal succumbed to death after the experimental procedure. CONCLUSION: The protocol for our study using radiopaque markers and barium is reproducible and minimally invasive in determining the GI transit time of the mouse model.


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , Animals , Barium Sulfate/pharmacology , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Female , Fluoroscopy , Gastrointestinal Transit/physiology , Iron , Loperamide/administration & dosage , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Prostheses and Implants , Reproducibility of Results , Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage , Surface Properties
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44585

ABSTRACT

A case of intracranial ganglioneuroma arising from the trigeminal nerve in the pontine and cerebellopontine angle cistern, in a 44-year-old female, is presented with an emphasis on diffusion-weighted imaging findings. We will discuss on how the tumor in the very unusual location should be differentiated particularly focused on diffusion-weighted imaging findings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Female , Ganglioneuroma/pathology , Humans , Trigeminal Nerve/pathology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis for predicting tumor recurrence in patients with uterine cervical cancer treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed consent from each patient. Forty-two patients (mean age, 56 +/- 14 years) with biopsy-proven uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma who underwent both pre-treatment pelvic magnetic resonance imaging with a 3.0 T magnetic resonance scanner and concurrent CRT were included. All patients were followed-up for more than 6 months (mean, 36.4 +/- 11.9 months; range 9.0-52.8 months) after completion of CRT. Baseline ADC parameters (mean ADC, 25th percentile, 50th percentile, and 75th percentile ADC values) of tumors were calculated and compared between the recurrence and no recurrence groups. RESULTS: In the recurrence group, the mean ADC and 75th percentile ADC values of tumors were significantly higher than those of the no recurrence group (p = 0.043 and p = 0.008, respectively). In multivariate analysis, the 75th percentile ADC value of tumors was a significant predictor for tumor recurrence (p = 0.009; hazard ratio, 1.319). When the cut-off value of the 75th percentile ADC (0.936 x 10-3 mm2/sec) was used, the overall recurrence free survival rate above the cut-off value was significantly lower than that below the cut-off value (51.9% vs. 91.7%, p = 0.003, log-rank test). CONCLUSION: Pre-CRT ADC histogram analysis may serve as a biomarker for predicting tumor recurrence in patients with uterine cervical cancer treated with CRT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Chemoradiotherapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with surgical resection in patients with a single hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranging from 2 to 5 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were enrolled over a period of 29 months and were comprised of 37 patients in a combined therapy group and 47 patients in a surgical resection group. RFA was performed the day after TACE, and surgical resection was performed by open laparotomy. The two groups were compared with respect to the length of hospital stay, rates of major complication, and rates of recurrence-free and overall survival. RESULTS: Major complications occurred more frequently in the surgical resection group (14.9%) than in the combined therapy group (2.7%). However, there was no statistical significance (p = 0.059). The rates of recurrence-free survival at 1, 2, 3 and 4 years were similar between the combined therapy group (89.2%, 75.2%, 69.4% and 69.4%, respectively) and the surgical resection group (81.8%, 68.5%, 68.5% and 65%, respectively) (p = 0.7962, log-rank test). The overall survival rates at 1, 2, 3 and 4 years were also similar between groups (97.3%, 86.5%, 78.4% and 78.4%, respectively, in the combined therapy group, and 95.7%, 89.4%, 84.3% and 80.3%, respectively, in the surgical resection group) (p = 0.6321, log-rank test). CONCLUSION: When compared with surgical resection for the treatment of a single HCC ranging from 2 to 5 cm, RFA combined with TACE shows similar results in terms of recurrence-free and overall survival rates.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Catheter Ablation/methods , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology , Neoplasm Staging , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate/trends , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72924

ABSTRACT

Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) arise mostly in the supratentorial cerebral cortex. A very rare case of intraventricular DNET with diffuse ependymal involvement, which causes spinal drop metastasis, is presented.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Ependymoma/pathology , Female , Humans , Lumbosacral Region/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroepithelial Cells/pathology , Spinal Neoplasms/radiotherapy
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare pre-operative computed tomography (CT) perfusion parameters with tumor grade from colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) and to correlate pre-operative CT perfusion parameters with microvessel density (MVD) to evaluate angiogenesis in CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-operative perfusion CTs were performed with a 64-channel multidetector row CT in 27 patients (17 women and 10 men; age range 32-82 years) who were diagnosed with CRC involving the sigmoid and rectum between August 2006 and November 2007. All patients underwent surgery without pre-operative chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Dynamic perfusion CTs were performed for 65 seconds after intravenous injection of contrast medium (100 mL, 300 mg of iodine per mL, 5 mL/sec). Before surgery, blood flow (BF), blood volume, mean transit time (MTT), and permeability-surface area product were measured in the tumor. After surgery, one gastrointestinal pathologist evaluated tumor grade and performed immunohistochemical staining using CD 34 to determine MVD in each tumor. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare CT perfusion parameters with tumor grade, and Pearson's correlation analysis was used to correlate CT perfusion parameters with MVD. RESULTS: In 27 patients with CRC, tumor grading was as follows: well differentiated (n = 8); moderately differentiated (n = 15); and poorly differentiated (n = 4). BF was higher in moderately differentiated CRC than well differentiated and poorly differentiated CRCs (p = 0.14). MTT was shorter in moderately differentiated than well differentiated and poorly differentiated CRCs (p = 0.039). The MVD was greater in poorly differentiated than well differentiated and moderately differentiated CRCs (p = 0.034). There was no significant correlation between other perfusion parameters and tumor grade. There was no significant correlation between CT perfusion parameters and MVD. CONCLUSION: BF and MTT measurement by perfusion CT is effective in predicting moderately differentiated CRCs. However, perfusion CT is limited in distinguishing well differentiated and poorly differentiated CRCs. Pre-operative perfusion CT does not reflect the MVD of CRCs.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Contrast Media , Female , Humans , Iohexol/analogs & derivatives , Male , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Grading , Neovascularization, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : S104-S111, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with incompletely treated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and to evaluate possible prognostic factors for this therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty nine patients with incompletely treated single HCC ( 2 cm) was statistically significant in terms of predicting local recurrence. Complications were observed in two patients, one with liver abscess and the other with portal venous thrombosis. CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided RF ablation could be effective and safe in treating incompletely treated HCC after TACE. The diameter of HCC was a significant prognostic factor for local recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Catheter Ablation/methods , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89590

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to contrast the differential brain activation patterns in response to visual stimulation with both male and female erotic nude pictures in male-to-female (MTF) transsexuals who underwent a sex reassignment surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of nine healthy MTF transsexuals after a sex reassignment surgery underwent fMRI on a 3.0 Tesla MR Scanner. The brain activation patterns were induced by visual stimulation with both male and female erotic nude pictures. RESULTS: The sex hormone levels of the postoperative MTF transsexuals were in the normal range of healthy heterosexual females. The brain areas, which were activated by viewing male nude pictures when compared with viewing female nude pictures, included predominantly the cerebellum, hippocampus, putamen, anterior cingulate gyrus, head of caudate nucleus, amygdala, midbrain, thalamus, insula, and body of caudate nucleus. On the other hand, brain activation induced by viewing female nude pictures was predominantly observed in the hypothalamus and the septal area. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that distinct brain activation patterns associated with visual sexual arousal in postoperative MTF transsexuals reflect their sexual orientation to males.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arousal/physiology , Brain Mapping/methods , Erotica , Female , Gonadal Steroid Hormones/blood , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Photic Stimulation , Transsexualism/psychology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34039

ABSTRACT

We report here on a case of localized lymphoid hyperplasia of the pancreas in a 70-year-old man which manifested as double lesions (uncinate process and tail) in the organ. The lesions were incidentally detected as hypoechoic lesions on ultrasonography and they appeared as delayed enhancing lesions on the contrast-enhanced dynamic CT and MRI. Total pancreatectomy was performed, because malignant tumor could not be excluded according to the preoperative imaging studies and the endoscopic ultrasound-guided biopsy failed. Pathology revealed localized lymphoid hyperplasia. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. He has been alive for 18 months after surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Hyperplasia , Incidental Findings , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Diseases/diagnosis , Pseudolymphoma/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725626

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the underestimation rate of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) on sonographically guided 14-gauge core needle biopsy of the breast and to investigate the factors associated with this underestimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2990 consecutive lesions that underwent sonographically guided 14-gauge core needle biopsy between January 2005 and December 2008. Among them, 61 lesions were pathologically proven to be DCIS (2.04%). A total of 50 DCIS lesions (mean patient age: 50.7 years old, age range: 36-79 years old) that underwent surgical resection were included in this study. After surgery, the lesion proven to be invasive was defined as being in the underestimated group and the lesion proven to DCIS was defined as being in the correctly diagnosed group. We determined the underestimation rate of DCIS and we retrospectively reviewed and compared the clinical, pathologic and radiologic features of the two groups. RESULTS: The underestimation rate of DCIS was found to be 28% (14 of 50 lesions). The underestimation of DCIS was significantly frequent for a clinically palpable lesion (78.6% (11/14) vs. 30.5% (11/36), respectively, p = 0.002). The sonographically maximal diameter of a lesion was significantly larger in the underestimated group than that in the accurately diagnosed group (28.4 +/- 14.0 mm vs. 17.6 +/- 10.3 mm, respectively, p = 0.017) and underestimation was significantly frequent when the sonographic lesion size was > 20 mm (p = 0.012). There was no significant difference in terms of age, the lesion type, the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category or the pathologic features between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The underestimation rate of DCIS was 28% for sonographically guided 14-gauge core needle biopsy of the breast. Clinical symptoms such as a palpable lesion and a sonographic lesion size > 20 mm were the factors related with the underestimation of DCIS.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Humans , Information Systems , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: By using a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique we assessed brain activation patterns while subjects were viewing the living environments representing natural and urban scenery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 healthy right-handed subjects underwent an fMRI on a 3.0 Tesla MRI scanner. The stimulation paradigm consisted of three times the rest condition and two times the activation condition, each of which lasted for 30 and 120 seconds, respectively. During the activation period, each subject viewed natural and urban scenery, respectively. RESULTS: The predominant brain activation areas observed following exposure to natural scenic views in contrast with urban views included the superior and middle frontal gyri, superior parietal gyrus, precuneus, basal ganglia, superior occipital gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and insula. On the other hand, the predominant brain activation areas following exposure to urban scenic views in contrast with natural scenes included the middle and inferior occipital gyri, parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus, amygdala, anterior temporal pole, and inferior frontal gyrus. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the idea that the differential functional neuroanatomies for each scenic view are presumably related with subjects' emotional responses to the natural and urban environment, and thus the differential functional neuroanatomy can be utilized as a neural index for the evaluation of friendliness in ecological housing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain Mapping/methods , Emotions/physiology , Environment , Female , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Linear Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Photic Stimulation
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the dynamic activations of the key brain areas associated with the time-course of the sexual arousal evoked by visual sexual stimuli in healthy male subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen right-handed heterosexual male volunteers participated in this study. Alternatively combined rest period and erotic video visual stimulation were used according to the standard block design. In order to illustrate and quantify the spatiotemporal activation patterns of the key brain regions, the activation period was divided into three different stages as the EARLY, MID and LATE stages. RESULTS: For the group result (p < 0.05), when comparing the MID stage with the EARLY stage, a significant increase of the brain activation was observed in the areas that included the inferior frontal gyrus, the supplementary motor area, the hippocampus, the head of the caudate nucleus, the midbrain, the superior occipital gyrus and the fusiform gyrus. At the same time, when comparing the EARLY stage with the MID stage, the putamen, the globus pallidus, the pons, the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the lingual gyrus and the cuneus yielded significantly increased activations. When comparing the LATE stage with the MID stage, all the above mentioned brain regions showed elevated activations except the hippocampus. CONCLUSION: Our results illustrate the spatiotemporal activation patterns of the key brain regions across the three stages of visual sexual arousal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain/anatomy & histology , Brain Mapping/methods , Erotica , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Photic Stimulation/methods , Reference Values , Sexual Behavior/physiology , Time Factors , Videotape Recording , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183840

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the histopathological differentiation and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) do show correlation with the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven HCCs from 27 patients who had undergone preoperative liver MRI (1.5T) and surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed. DWI was obtained with a single-shot, echo-planar imaging sequence in the axial plane (b values: 0 and 1,000 sec/mm2). On DWIs, the ADC value of the HCCs was measured by one radiologist, who was kept 'blinded' to the histological findings. Histopathologically, the differentiation was classified into well (n = 9), moderate (n = 9) and poor (n = 9). The expression of VEGF was semiquantitatively graded as grade 0 (n = 8), grade 1 (n = 9) and grade 2 (n = 10). We analyzed whether the histopathological differentiation and the expression of VEGF of the HCC showed correlation with the ADC value on DWI. RESULTS: The mean ADC value of the poorly-differentiated HCCs (0.9 +/- 0.13x10(-3) mm2/s) was lower than those of the well-differentiated HCCs (1.2 +/- 0.22x10(-3) mm2/s) (p = 0.031) and moderately-differentiated HCCs (1.1 +/- 0.01x10(-3) mm2/s) (p = 0.013). There was a significant correlation between the differentiation and the ADC value of the HCCs (r = -0.51, p = 0.012). The mean ADC of the HCCs with a VEGF expression grade of 0, 1 and 2 was 1.1 +/- 0.17, 1.1 +/- 0.21 and 1.1 +/- 0.18x10(-3) mm2/s, respectively. The VEGF expression did not show correlation with the ADC value of the HCCs (r = 0.07, p = 0.74). CONCLUSION: The histopathological differentiation of HCC shows inverse correlation with the ADC value. Therefore, DWI with ADC measurement may be a valuable tool for noninvasively predicting the differentiation of HCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Contrast Media , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Echo-Planar Imaging/methods , Female , Gadolinium DTPA , Humans , Image Enhancement/methods , Liver/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Severity of Illness Index , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
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