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Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 271-280, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250686


Abstract Objectives: to describe life quality of women with HPV and analyze the accuracy of anal visual inspection with acetic acid and lugol compared to high-resolution anoscopy in the detection of anal intraepithelial lesions. Methods: diagnostic evaluation study conducted with adult solid-organ transplant recipients and/or diagnosed with HIV and/or with a history of anogenital neoplasia, attended at the High Resolution Anoscopy outpatient clinic between April and December 2018. To calculate the accuracy parameters, 87 women participated: 44 with lesions and 43 without them. The 44 women with lesions were also subjected to a descriptive study to assess their life quality using the SF-36 questionnaire. Results: it was observed that almost half of the women in the study practiced vaginal, anal and oral intercourse without condom. History of HPV infection and anogenital neoplasia were the most prevailing with percentages of 81% and 72.7%, respectively. In five out of the eight domains of SF-36 they did not perform well in regard to life quality. Visual inspection with acetic acid and lugol presented sensitivity of 22.7% and specificity of 100%. Conclusion: unsatisfactory life quality was evidenced. Direct visual inspection with acetic acid and lugol should not be used in trials to spot intraepithelial HPV lesions, for it presents low sensitivity.

Resumo Objetivos: descrever a qualidade de vida das mulheres com HPVe analisar aacurácia da inspeção visual anal com ácido acético e lugol comparada à anuscopia de alta resolução para detecção de lesão intraepitelial anal. Métodos: estudo de avaliação diagnostica realizado com mulheres adultas transplantadas de órgãos sólidos e/ou diagnosticadas com HIV e/ou com antecedente de neoplasia anogenital, atendidas no ambulatório de AAR entre abril e dezembro de 2018. Para cálculo dos parâmetros de acurácia, participaram 87 mulheres: 44 com lesões e 43 sem lesões. Das 44 mulheres com lesão, também foi realizado um estudo descritivo para a avaliar a qualidade de vida utilizando-seo questionário SF-36. Resultados: Observou-se que quase metade das mulheres do estudo são adeptas ao intercurso vaginal, anal e oralesem preservativo. Os antecedentes de infecção pelo HPV e neoplasia anogenital foram os mais prevalentes com valores de 81% e 72, 7% respectivamente. Cinco, dos oito domínios do SF-36, não apresentaram boa performance em relação à qualidade de vida. A inspeção visual com ácido acético e lugol apresentou sensibilidade de 22,7%o e especificidade de 100,0%o. Conclusão: evidenciou-se qualidade de vida insatisfatória. A inspeção visual anal direta com ácido acético e lugol não deve ser usada na triagem de lesões intraepiteliais por HPV, pois apresenta baixa sensibilidade.

Humans , Female , Anus Neoplasms/diagnosis , Quality of Life , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Triage , Sickness Impact Profile , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/diagnostic imaging , Acetic Acid
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(4): 213-219, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013607


Abstract Objective To describe the immunological and hematological reference intervals of low-risk pregnant women. Methods A cross-sectional retrospective database analysis of a basic and translational study analyzing the hematological evaluation blood counts and immunophenotyping of TCD3 + , TCD4 + , TCD8 + , B, and natural killer (NK) cells of the peripheral blood in 79 low-risk pregnant women and of 30 control women from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, was performed. Results No significant differences were detected between the hematological profiles of the 2nd and 3rd trimesters. Nevertheless, the median level of B cells decreased significantly in the 2nd (174 x 103 μL; p < 0.002) and 3rd trimesters (160 x 103 μL; p < 0.001), compared with the control group (296 x 103 μL). Similarly, the median level of NK cells was lower in the 2nd (134 x 103 μL; p < 0.0004) and 3rd trimesters (100 x 103 μL, p < 0.0004), compared with the control group (183 x 103 μL). In contrast, relative TCD4+ and TCD8+ levels increased in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters compared with the controls (TCD4 + : 2nd trimester = 59%; p < 0.001; 3rd trimester = 57%; p < 0.01; control = 50%; and TCD8 + : 2nd trimester = 31%; p < 0.001; 3rd trimester = 36%; p < 0.01; control = 24%). Conclusion Low-risk pregnant women have ~ 40% less B and NK cells in the peripheral blood, compared with non-pregnant women. These parameters may improve health assistance for mothers and contribute to define reference values for normal pregnancies.

Resumo Objetivo Descrever o intervalo de referência imunológico e hematológico de gestantes de baixo risco. Métodos Realizou-se uma análise retrospectiva, de um estudo básico e translacional, analisando o perfil hematológico e a imunofenotipagem das células TCD3 + , TCD4 + , TCD8 + , B e natural killer (NK) do sangue periférico de 79 gestantes de baixo risco e de 30 mulheres (controles) do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Resultados Não observamos diferenças significativas entre os perfis hematológicos do 2° e 3° trimestres. No entanto, houve redução das células B no 2° (média = 174 x 103 μL; p < 0,002) e no 3° trimestres (160 x 103 μL; p < 0,001), comparado como grupo controle (296 x 103 μL). A mediana das células NK foi menor no 2° (134 x 103 μL; p < 0,0004) e no 3° trimestres (100 x 103 μL; p < 0,0004), comparado com o grupo controle (183 x 103 μL). Porém, o percentual de TCD4+ e de TCD8+ aumentou no 2° e 3° trimestres em relação aos controles (TCD4 + : 2° trimestre = 59%; p < 0,001; 3° trimestre = 57%; p < 0,01; controle = 50%; e TCD8 + : 2° trimestre = 31%; p < 0,001; 3° trimestre = 36%; p < 0,01; controle = 24%). Conclusão Mulheres grávidas de baixo risco têm ~ 40% menos células B e NK no sangue periférico em comparação com mulheres não grávidas. Estes parâmetros podem melhorar a assistência à saúde das mães e contribuir para a definição de valores de referência para gestações normais.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy/immunology , Killer Cells, Natural/physiology , T-Lymphocytes/physiology , Pregnancy Trimesters , Reference Values , Pregnancy/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Databases, Factual
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(11): 663-669, Nov. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829247


Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are strongly associated with the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias and invasive cervical cancer. Polymorphisms in cytokine-encoding genes and behavioural cofactors could play an important role in protecting an individual against viral infections and cancer. Here, we investigated whether IL-6 -174 G>C, IL-8 +396 G>T, and TGF-β1 +869 G>C and +915 G>C polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to HPV infection in women from north-east (Pernambuco) Brazil. We analysed 108 healthy uninfected women (HC) and 108 HPV-positive women with cervical lesions. Genetic polymorphisms were assessed using Sanger sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Comparison of the distribution of the genotypic and allelic frequencies of the IL-18 +396 T>G polymorphism between HPV infected woman an uninfected controls showed that the GG genotype and G allele were both more frequent in the HC group, and were associated with protection from HPV infection (p = 0.0015; OR = 0.29 CI95% = 0.13-0.61; p = 0.0005; OR = 0.45 CI95% 0.29-0.7, respectively). Individuals from the control group could have previously had HPV infection that was spontaneously eliminated; however, it was undetectable at the time of sample collection. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that the IL-8 +396 G>T polymorphism could interfere with susceptibility to HPV infection, by modulating the ability of immune system to fight the virus.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Alleles , Base Sequence , Brazil , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA, Viral/analysis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(3): 174-180, Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777375


Polymorphisms in chemokine receptors play an important role in the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) to cervical cancer (CC). Our study examined the association of CCR2-64I (rs1799864) andCCR5-Δ32 (rs333) polymorphisms with susceptibility to develop cervical lesion (CIN and CC) in a Brazilian population. The genotyping of 139 women with cervical lesions and 151 women without cervical lesions for the CCR2-64I and CCR5-Δ32 polymorphisms were performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The individuals carrying heterozygous or homozygous genotypes (GA+AA) for CCR2-64I polymorphisms seem to be at lower risk for cervical lesion [odds ratio (OR) = 0.37, p = 0.0008)]. The same was observed for the A allele (OR = 0.39, p = 0.0002), while no association was detected (p > 0.05) with CCR5-Δ32 polymorphism. Regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV) type, patients carrying the CCR2-64Ipolymorphism were protected against infection by HPV type 16 (OR = 0.35, p = 0.0184). In summary, our study showed a protective effect ofCCR2-64I rs1799864 polymorphism against the development of cervical lesions (CIN and CC) and in the susceptibility of HPV 16 infection.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology , Polymorphism, Genetic , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , /genetics , /genetics , Uterine Cervical Diseases/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/genetics , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology , Genotype , Prevalence , Papillomaviridae/pathogenicity , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/genetics , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/virology , Uterine Cervical Diseases/virology
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(10): 480-485, out. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-762027


OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência da lesão anal induzida por HPV em mulheres com neoplasia intraepitelial cervical grau 2/3 (NIC2/3).MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, realizado no período de dezembro de 2008 a junho de 2009, no Estado de Pernambuco, nordeste do Brasil. Foram incluídas no estudo apenas mulheres com diagnóstico de NIC2/3 confirmado por biópsia e excluídas aquelas que não realizaram exame na primeira visita. As amostras para identificação do DNA de HPV anal por PCR e citologia anal foram coletadas com escovinha endocervical. A biópsia anal foi realizada nos casos de citologia anal anormal ou alterações maiores na anuscopia de alta resolução (AAR).RESULTADOS: Das AARs, 32,1% (n=37/115) foram normais e 63,5% (n=73/115) exibiram epitélio acetobranco. Vinte e dois por cento das citologias anais (n=26/115) foram anormais. Dentre elas, 12,2% (14/26) corresponderam à lesão intraepitelial anal de baixo grau e 3,4% (n=4/26), a lesão intraepitelial anal de alto grau. Foram realizadas 22 biópsias, das quais 13,7% (n=3/22) tiveram diagnóstico de neoplasia intraepitelial anal (NIA2) e 9% (n=2/22), NIA 3. Identificou-se 72,1% (n=83/115) de DNA do HPV nas amostras.CONCLUSÃO: Mulheres com NIC2/3 apresentam elevada prevalência de infecção por HPV e lesão HPV induzida em canal anal.

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of HPV-induced lesions in the anal canal of women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3.METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2008 to June 2009, in Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Only women with grade 2/3 CIN were included, and those who could not undergo anoscopy during their first visit were excluded. A cyttobrush was used for sample collection in order to identify HPV DNA through PCR and anal cytology. An anal biopsy was obtained in cases of abnormal anal cytology or major alterations in high resolution anoscopy (HRA).RESULTS: Thirty-two percent (n=37/115) of HRA were normal and 63.5% (n=73/115) showed acetowhite epithelium. Twenty-two percent (n=26/115) of anal cytologies were abnormal. Among the latter, 12.2% (n=14/26) were low-grade anal intraepithelial lesions and 3.4% (n=4/26) were high-grade anal intraepithelial lesions. Twenty-two anal biopsies were performed, 13.7% of which (n=3/22) were grade 2 anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN2) and 9% (n=2/22) were grade 3 AIN. Th HPV DNA was identified in 72.1% of cases (n=83/115).CONCLUSION: Women with CIN grade 2/3 showed a high prevalence of anal HPV infection and HPV-induced lesions.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anus Diseases/complications , Anus Diseases/epidemiology , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/complications , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/complications , Anal Canal , Anus Diseases/virology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 33(10): 315-320, out. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-611350


OBJETIVO: comparar três métodos para detecção do HPV e determinar a prevalência dos genótipos encontrados. MÉTODOS: um total de 120 amostras de raspagem da região cervical de mulheres portadoras de neoplasia intraepitelial cervical foram analisadas pela reação em cadeia da polimerase convencional, usando os sistemas de primers MY09/11, GP05+/06+ e pela Nested-PCR. As amostras foram submetidas à extração de DNA e, logo após, amplificadas com os primers GH20 e PC04 (β-globina) para verificação da qualidade do DNA obtido e pela reação em cadeia da polimerase convencional e Nested-PCR. Os fragmentos amplificados foram visualizados em gel de agarose a 1,2 por cento, corados com Blue Green Loading Dye I. As amostras positivas foram sequenciadas usando o sequenciador automático de DNA "MegaBACE 1000". Para análise estatística foram utilizados os teste do Χ2 e o de Fisher com nível de significância de 5 por cento. RESULTADOS: quinze amostras não se amplificaram para os primers de β-globina, sendo eliminadas do estudo. Das amostras restantes, 40 por cento (42/105) foram positivas para os primers MY09/11, 98 por cento (103/105) para os primers GP05+/06+ e 92 por cento (97/105) para Nested-PCR. Considerado as técnicas MY09/11 e GP05+/06+, foi possível observar 100 por cento de amostras positivas para o HPV. Neste estudo, a prevalência dos genótipos foi de 58, 23, 5, 4 e 3 por cento para HPVs 16, 18, 31, 33 e 56, respectivamente. Os HPV 67 e 83 apresentaram 2 por cento e os HPV 6, 11, 58 e candHPV85, 1 por cento cada. A prevalência dos genótipos neste estudo está de acordo com o reportado em todo o mundo (IC95 por cento=0,4657-0,8976). CONCLUSÕES: para obter resultados mais confiáveis, é necessário o uso de mais que um sistema de primers para detecção do HPV. Acredita-se que as três técnicas estudadas são importantes e adequadas para o diagnóstico clínico do HPV quando apropriadamente combinadas.

PURPOSE: to compare three methods for the detection of HPV infection and to determine the prevalence of the genotypes found. METHODS: a total of 120 cervical scrape samples from patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were analyzed by the conventional polymerase chain reaction using the MY09/11 and GP05+/06+ primers, and by the Nested polymerase chain reaction. The samples were subjected to DNA amplification with the GH20 and PC04 primers (β-globin) to verify DNA quality and also by polymerase chain reaction and Nested polymerase chain reaction. The amplicons were visualized in 1.2 percent agarose gel stained with Blue Green Loading Dye I. Positive samples also were sequenced using the automatic DNA sequencer "MegaBACE 1000". The Χ2 and Fisher tests were used for statistical analysis with the level of significance set at 5 percent. RESULTS: fifteen samples were eliminated from the study because they failed to amplify the β-globin gene. Of the remaining samples, 40 percent (42/105) were positive using primers MY09/11, 98 percent (103/105) using primers GP05+/06+, and 92 percent (97/105) using Nested-PCR. With the MY09/11 and GP05+/06+ techniques, it was possible to obtain 100 percent HPV-positive samples. In this study, the prevalence of the genotypes found was 57, 23, 5, 4 and 3 percent for HPV genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33 and 56, respectively. HPVs 67 and 83 were present in 2 percent, and genotypes 6, 11, 58 and candHPV85 were present in 1 percent each. The prevalence of the more common genotypes (HPV 16 and 18) in this study agrees with that reported worldwide (IC95 percent=0.4657-0.8976). CONCLUSIONS: to obtain more reliable results, it is necessary the use of more than one primer system to detect HPV infections. We believe that the three techniques studied are important and suitable for the clinical diagnosis of HPV, when they are appropriately combined.

Female , Humans , Papillomaviridae/classification , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Brazil , Genotype , Prevalence