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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 73-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913529

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long-term safety of pregnancy after breast cancer (BC) remains controversial, especially with respect to BC biological subtypes. @*Methods@#We analyzed a population-based retrospective cohort with BC from 2002 to 2017. Patient-level 1:1 matching was performed between pregnant and nonpregnant women. The study population was categorized into 6 biological subtypes based on the combination of prescribed therapies. Subanalyses were performed considering the time to pregnancy after BC diagnosis, systemic therapy, and pregnancy outcomes. @*Results@#We identified 544 matched women with BC, who were assigned to the pregnant (cases, n = 272) or nonpregnant group (controls, n = 272) of similar characteristics, adjusted for guaranteed bias. These patients were followed up for 10 years, or disease and mortality occurrence after the diagnosis of BC. Survival estimates were calculated. The actuarial 10-year overall survival (OS) rates were 97.4% and 91.9% for pregnant and nonpregnant patients, respectively. The pregnant group showed significantly better OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.12–0.68; P = 0.005) and did not have a significantly inferior disease-free survival (aHR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.61–1.99; P = 0.760). @*Conclusion@#Consistent outcomes were observed in every subgroup analysis. Our observational data provides reassuring evidence on the long-term safety of pregnancy in young patients with BC regardless of the BC biological subtype.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 94-105, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925160

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the relationship between breast pathologic complete response (BpCR) and axillary pathologic complete response (ApCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) according to nodal burden at presentation. As the indications for NACT have expanded, clinicians have started clinical trials for the omission of surgery from the treatment plan in patients with excellent responses to NACT. However, the appropriate indications for axillary surgery omission after excellent NACT response remain unclear. @*Methods@#Data were collected from patients in the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry who underwent NACT followed by surgery between 2010 and 2020. We analyzed pathologic axillary nodal positivity after NACT according to BpCR stratified by tumor subtype in patients with cT1-3/N0-2 disease at diagnosis. @*Results@#A total of 6,597 patients were identified. Regarding cT stage, 528 (9.5%), 3,778 (67.8%), and 1,268 (22.7%) patients had cT1, cT2, and cT3 disease, respectively. Regarding cN stage, 1,539 (27.7%), 2,976 (53.6%), and 1,036 (18.7%) patients had cN0, cN1, and cN2 disease, respectively. BpCR occurred in 21.6% (n = 1,427) of patients, while ApCR and pathologic complete response (ypCR) occurred in 59.7% (n = 3,929) and ypCR 19.4% (n = 1,285) of patients, respectively. The distribution of biologic subtypes included 2,329 (39.3%) patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative disease, 1,122 (18.9%) with HR-positive/HER2-positive disease, 405 (6.8%) with HR-negative/HER2-positive disease, and 2,072 (35.0%) with triple-negative breast cancer . Among the patients with BpCR, 89.6% (1,122/1,252) had ApCR. Of those with cN0 disease, most (99.0%, 301/304) showed ApCR. Among patients with cN1-2 disease, 86.6% (821/948) had ApCR. @*Conclusion@#BpCR was highly correlated with ApCR after NACT. In patients with cN0 and BpCR, the risk of missing axillary nodal metastasis was low after NACT. Further research on axillary surgery omission in patients with cN0 disease is needed.

3.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 284-289, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894307

ABSTRACT

Background@#Breast cancer is the second most common cancer and the most common cause of cancer deaths in Korean women. Although tumor-induced mediators and cancer therapy can suppress cell-mediated immunity, the concurrence of herpes zoster in breast cancer patients has not been well-recognized. @*Objective@#This study aimed to delineate the characteristics of herpes zoster in patients with breast cancer, particularly its association with patient age and breast cancer severity, treatment, and clinical course. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of breast cancer patients at a tertiary referral center in Korea from January 2003 to June 2018, identified patients with a subsequent diagnosis of herpes zoster, and analyzed their clinical characteristics. @*Results@#Among 8,124 patients with breast cancer, 2.04% further developed zoster during a median 31-month follow-up period. Age at the diagnosis of breast cancer was higher in the zoster group than in the no zoster group.Cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy significantly increased the risk of zoster. Time from the diagnosis of breast cancer to zoster development was significantly shorter for invasive cancers than for in-situ cancers, with higher risk in the initial 2 years from the cancer diagnosis. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that breast cancer patients are at an increased risk of zoster, particularly in the time following cancer diagnosis. Therefore, a recent diagnosis of breast cancer should warrant clinical suspicion of zoster for patients with suggestive symptoms, and active management should be started.

4.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 284-289, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902011

ABSTRACT

Background@#Breast cancer is the second most common cancer and the most common cause of cancer deaths in Korean women. Although tumor-induced mediators and cancer therapy can suppress cell-mediated immunity, the concurrence of herpes zoster in breast cancer patients has not been well-recognized. @*Objective@#This study aimed to delineate the characteristics of herpes zoster in patients with breast cancer, particularly its association with patient age and breast cancer severity, treatment, and clinical course. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of breast cancer patients at a tertiary referral center in Korea from January 2003 to June 2018, identified patients with a subsequent diagnosis of herpes zoster, and analyzed their clinical characteristics. @*Results@#Among 8,124 patients with breast cancer, 2.04% further developed zoster during a median 31-month follow-up period. Age at the diagnosis of breast cancer was higher in the zoster group than in the no zoster group.Cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy significantly increased the risk of zoster. Time from the diagnosis of breast cancer to zoster development was significantly shorter for invasive cancers than for in-situ cancers, with higher risk in the initial 2 years from the cancer diagnosis. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that breast cancer patients are at an increased risk of zoster, particularly in the time following cancer diagnosis. Therefore, a recent diagnosis of breast cancer should warrant clinical suspicion of zoster for patients with suggestive symptoms, and active management should be started.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898981

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891277

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e103-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831484

ABSTRACT

Background@#Korea is no longer safe from the risk of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL); the first reported case was a Korean woman in her 40s who had a 7-year-history of receiving an implant-based augmentation mammaplasty using a textured implant. We conducted this study to discuss the emerging crisis of stakeholders in implant-based augmentation mammaplasty and to propose a multi-disciplinary approach to early detection of its complications. @*Methods@#We analyzed medical examination data that was collected from patients who visited us between August 12 and September 27, 2019. We evaluated a total of 114 women (n = 114) in the current study. They were evaluated for whether they were in healthy condition. Moreover, their baseline characteristics were also examined; these included age, gender, height (cm), weight (kg), duration since surgery (years), possession of a breast implant card, the site of surgical incision, side of symptoms and reasons for outpatient visit. Furthermore, the patients were also evaluated for their subjective awareness of the manufacturer, surface and shape of the breast implant. Potential complications include malrotation, folding, seroma, capsule thickening, upside-down rotation, rupture, capsule mass and breast mass. @*Results@#A majority of the patients had a past history of receiving textured implants. The corresponding percentage was 78.95% (90/114) and 85.09% (97/114) based on their subjective awareness of a breast implant and sonographic findings, respectively. That is, it was slightly increased with the use of a breast ultrasound. @*Conclusion@#Here, we propose the following approaches. First, patient data should be prospectively collected. By tracking outcomes and complications of an implant-based augmentation mammaplasty, both high-quality care and patient safety can be ensured. Second, stakeholders in implant-based augmentation mammaplasty should collaborate with customers and regulatory authorities. Third, surgeons should consider applying imaging modalities for early detection of postoperative complications.

8.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 12-19, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830576

ABSTRACT

Background@#Mastectomy flap necrosis is a common and challenging complication of direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction. The PICO single-use negative-pressure wound therapy device may reduce the complications associated with skin flap necrosis. We evaluated the relationship between PICO use and the incidence of mild, moderate, and severe skin flap necrosis in patients at high risk of necrosis. @*Methods@#Using medical records from January 2015 to March 2019, we retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent DTI breast reconstruction after oncological breast surgery at a single institution and identified those at high risk for skin flap necrosis. During this period, PICO was used selectively for patients deemed to be at particularly high risk. Patient demographics, operative characteristics, and the degree of skin flap necrosis were compared according to whether PICO was used. @*Results@#Of 117 patients (122 breasts), 45 were deemed to be at high risk of skin flap necrosis. PICO was applied to 38 of these breasts, and seven breasts received a conventional dressing. Skin flap necrosis occurred in 30 breasts (24 in the PICO group [63.2%] vs. 6 in the no-PICO group [85.7%]). Significantly fewer cases of severe skin flap necrosis were observed in the PICO group (2/38 [5.3%]) than in the no-PICO group (3/7 [42.9%]) (P=0.004). There were no significant between-group differences in outcomes measured using BREAST-Q scores. @*Conclusions@#Use of a single-use negative-pressure wound therapy device can reduce the risk of severe skin flap necrosis in patients at high risk of skin flap complications associated with DTI breast reconstruction.

9.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 25-32, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836500

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is extremely low among thyroid cancers and there is no standardized treatment guideline for it. In this study, we have analyzed PDTC patients and reviewed their clinicopathological features. @*Methods@#Data of PDTC patients from our institution are collected through the electronic medical database. We analyzed them by several parameters such as basic demographics, presenting symptom, preoperative cytology results, associated pathology, surgical results, surgery type, and distant metastasis. @*Results@#We collected 23 cases in our institution. Apart from two patients who were transferred to another hospital upon diagnosis, all 21 operated cases are analyzed. The parameters we studied were age, sex, presenting symptoms, distant metastasis and pathological features such as tumor size, associated pathology, predominant pattern and so on. We also provided descriptive analyses according to the type of presentation and treatment; patients with distant metastasis, juvenile cancer, and concurrent hyperthyroidism. Furthermore, we provided different cases in which the initial surgical plans differed. @*Conclusion@#We present 21 cases of PDTC patients and clarify their clinicopathological features. Despite some limitations, this study may shed light for future research regarding treatment of PDTC patients.

10.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 3-6, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788051

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Watson for Oncology (WFO) is a computing system for considering treatment option with patients. The aim of this study is to determine the concordance rate of WFO and tumor board in treatment options of breast cancer.METHODS: One hundred and seventy breast cancer patients who were treated at Gachon University Gil Medical Center (GMC) from December 2016 to March 2018 were investigated. “Concordance” is defined that treatment provided by GMC tumor board and WFO-provided treatments (Recommend or For Consideration) were coincide. “Discordance” is defined that treatment provided by GMC tumor board and WFO-provided treatments (Not Recommended or Not Available) were coincide.RESULTS: In chemotherapy, of the total 170 patients, 23 patients were excluded, and the concordance rate was compared in 147 patients. Concordance rate was 93% (136/147). In the 11 patients who were discordant, seven patients complied with the treatment proposed by GMC tumor board due to insurance problems and age, and two patients did not follow the treatment proposed by WFO due to pregnancy and patient's choice, and one patient chose a treatment determined by WFO, last one patient was not treated with chemotherapy because it was not considered to be clinically necessary. In radiotherapy, the overall agreement rate was as high as 99% (147/148).CONCLUSION: Through this study, we found that many of the treatment proposals provided by WFO are highly reliable. Although the overall agreement is high in the radiotherapy regimen, the indication for radiotherapy by WFO is more aggressive and hypofractionated high dose intensity radiotherapy is growing trend by WFO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Insurance , Radiotherapy
11.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 27-33, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788047

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The activity of mammary stem cells (MaSCs) is essential to mammary growth, differentiation and regeneration in cycles of pregnancy, lactation, and involution. The capability to recruit the mammary gland through the cycles is attributed to stem cells. It was shown that the intraductal (i.duc) injection of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) to multiparous FVB/N mice was associated with a significantly reduced outgrowth potential of mammary gland cells. We have explored i.duc PLD's effect on stem cell number and function in mouse mammary gland and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH)'s availability as a mouse MaSC marker.METHODS: The total mammary epithelium was purified from 6 to 8-month-old FVB/N control and i.duc PLD-administered mice treated twice and analyzed by flow cytometry and limiting dilution cleared mammary fat pad transplants.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the proportions of stem cell-enriched population (CD49(fhigh)CD24(med)) between control and i.duc PLD-treated groups. However, we found a significant reduction in the outgrowth potential of CD49(fhigh)CD24(med) and CD49(fhigh)CD24(med)ALDH(+) cells from i.duc PLD-treated mammary glands. We discovered that adding ALDH to CD49(fhigh)CD24(med) had the possibility of better marker selection for MaSC of mice.CONCLUSION: We present i.duc administration of PLD to reduce MaSC function, but not the number; and ALDH activity may add further selection of MaSCs to CD49f CD24 in mouse mammary glands. Screening of chemotherapeutic drugs or other natural products by this method of stem cell analysis may provide safe i.duc treatment in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Infant , Mice , Pregnancy , Adipose Tissue , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Biological Products , Breast Neoplasms , Doxorubicin , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Flow Cytometry , Lactation , Mammary Glands, Human , Mass Screening , Methods , Regeneration , Stem Cells
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 182-189, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714862

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There are few reports from Asian countries about the long-term results of aromatase inhibitor adjuvant treatment for breast cancer. This observational study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of letrozole in postmenopausal Korean women with operable breast cancer. METHODS: Self-reported quality of life (QoL) scores were serially assessed for 3 years during adjuvant letrozole treatment using the Korean version of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast questionnaires (version 3). Changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and serum cholesterol levels were also examined. RESULTS: All 897 patients received the documented informed consent form and completed a baseline questionnaire before treatment. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 684 (76.3%) subjects, and 410 (45.7%) and 396 (44.1%) patients had stage I and II breast cancer, respectively. Each patient completed questionnaires at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months after enrollment. Of 897 patients, 749 (83.5%) completed the study. The dropout rate was 16.5%. The serial trial outcome index, the sum of the physical and functional well-being subscales, increased gradually and significantly from baseline during letrozole treatment (p<0.001). The mean serum cholesterol level increased significantly from 199 to 205 after 36 months (p=0.042). The mean BMD significantly decreased from −0.39 at baseline to −0.87 after 36 months (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: QoL gradually improved during letrozole treatment. BMD and serum cholesterol level changes were similar to those in Western countries, indicating that adjuvant letrozole treatment is well tolerated in Korean women, with minimal ethnic variation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Aromatase , Asian People , Bone Density , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cholesterol , Consent Forms , Observational Study , Quality of Life
13.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 1-7, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788031

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In Korea, the incidence of breast cancer peaks in the fifth decade, which is younger than that observed in the Western world. We conducted this study to compare the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of breast cancer in women < 35 and ≥35 years old.METHODS: The medical records of 969 patients treated for breast cancer at the Gil Medical Center from 2008 through 2012 were reviewed. Tumor characteristics, surgical methods, and adjuvant therapies were compared in two groups.RESULTS: Number of childbirths, family history, the proportion of postmenopausal women were lower among those aged < 35 years. However, tumor size, number of metastatic lymph nodes, and surgical procedures were similar in two groups. The rate of triple negative status in younger patients was higher than in older patients. Adjuvant chemotherapy was effective in patients positive for hormone receptors and no lymph nodal invasion, and it was effective in patients negative for hormone receptors and lymph nodal invasion in patients aged >35 years old. Postoperative radiotherapy was statistically effective in patients aged < 35 and ≥35 years old that underwent breast-conserving surgery. Pregnancy were significantly associated with survival in younger patients. While lymph node stage, presence of progesterone receptor, and triple negative status were significantly associated with survival on older patients.CONCLUSION: The prognostic factors of breast cancer in patients younger than 35 years old were pregnancy. Triple negative status rate was higher in younger patients than in older patients. Adjuvant therapy had similar effects in patients aged < 35 or ≥35 years old.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Incidence , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Parturition , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Receptors, Progesterone , Western World
14.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 15-20, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788029

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In the present study, factors related to the recurrence of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in Korean patients were identified, and the prognostic factors for each age group were explored.METHODS: The subjects were 226 patients who were diagnosed with DCIS by histopathologic examination, and the effect of representative prognostic factors that are known already, including estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, Ki-67 levels, and adjuvant therapy on the recurrence of DCIS was analyzed by using the Cox proportional hazard model.RESULTS: Among the 226 subjects, 11 patients underwent the recurrence of breast cancer. The average follow-up period was 52.7±23.5 months. The average age of the subjects was 50.6±9.3 years. Among the DCIS patients, the recurrence of breast cancer was significantly higher in the ER negative patients and those who have a Ki-67 level over 20%. However, the PR and HER2 status did not significantly affect breast cancer recurrence. The result also showed that only ER negative was a significant factor before the age of 50 years and that only the Ki-67 level over 20% was a significant factor to the patients 50 years of age or older.CONCLUSION: DCIS patients should be appropriately treated and managed depending on their age and clinicopathological factors to prevent the recurrence of DCIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Proportional Hazards Models , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence
15.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 82-88, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648257

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare disease characterized by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation of unknown origin. Because its clinical features are similar to those of other type of mastitis or breast cancer, accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential to ensuring a short symptom duration and improving the quality of life. METHODS: The clinical, radiologic, pathophysiologic, and treatment data for 43 patients diagnosed with IGM at the Breast Cancer Center of Gachon University Gil Medical Center between 2005 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (95.34%) were of childbearing age, seven (16.27%) had a history of lactation, and five (11.62%) had a history of oral contraceptive use. In terms of radiologic findings, 30 patients (69.77%) were diagnosed with Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System category ≥4A lesions. Corticosteroid therapy was administered to 36 patients (83.72%); overall, 18 patients (41.86%) did not require surgery and 25 patients (58.13%) underwent partial or total mastectomy. Twelve patients (27.90%) developed recurrence. CONCLUSION: IGM is a benign disease that can be misdiagnosed as breast cancer because of its similar clinical and radiologic findings. Proper diagnosis and treatment can be difficult, but delays may lead to prolonged pain and cosmetic and socioeconomic problems. Efforts should be aimed at establishing the cause of IGM and developing efficient protocols for its diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Granulomatous Mastitis , Immunoglobulin M , Inflammation , Information Systems , Lactation , Mastectomy, Simple , Mastitis , Quality of Life , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Steroids
16.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 1065-1075, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To predict the probability of lymphedema development in breast cancer patients in the early post-operation stage, we investigated the ability of quantitative lymphoscintigraphic assessment. METHODS: This retrospective study included 201 patients without lymphedema after unilateral breast cancer surgery. Lymphoscintigraphy was performed between 4 and 8 weeks after surgery to evaluate the lymphatic system in the early postoperative stage. Quantitative lymphoscintigraphy was performed using four methods: ratio of radiopharmaceutical clearance rate of the affected to normal hand; ratio of radioactivity of the affected to normal hand; ratio of radiopharmaceutical uptake rate of the affected to normal axilla (RUA); and ratio of radioactivity of the affected to normal axilla (RRA). During a 1-year follow-up, patients with a circumferential interlimb difference of 2 cm at any measurement location and a 200-mL interlimb volume difference were diagnosed with lymphedema. We investigated the difference in quantitative lymphoscintigraphic assessment between the non-lymphedema and lymphedema groups. RESULTS: Quantitative lymphoscintigraphic assessment revealed that the RUA and RRA were significantly lower in the lymphedema group than in the non-lymphedema group. After adjusting the model for all significant variables (body mass index, N-stage, T-stage, type of surgery, and type of lymph node surgery), RRA was associated with lymphedema (odds ratio=0.14; 95% confidence interval, 0.04–0.46; p=0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients in the early postoperative stage after unilateral breast cancer surgery, quantitative lymphoscintigraphic assessment can be used to predict the probability of developing lymphedema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Clinical Study , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic System , Lymphedema , Lymphoscintigraphy , Radioactivity , Retrospective Studies , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 163-168, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166637

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether there are prognostically different subgroups among patients with pathologic N3 (pN3) breast cancer. METHODS: The records of 220 patients who underwent surgery for pN3 breast cancer from January 2006 to September 2012 were reviewed. All patients received adjuvant therapy according to standard protocols. The primary outcome was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Patients were followed for a median time of 68.3 months after their primary surgery (range, 10-122 months), during which time 75 patients (34.1%) had developed disease recurrence and 48 patients (21.8%) had died. The DFS and overall survival were 67.8% and 86.1%, respectively, at 5 years. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that young age (3.0) (p=0.020), high nodal ratio (number of metastatic lymph nodes divided by number of removed nodes) (>0.65) (p=0.062), and molecular phenotype (p=0.012) were significantly associated with tumor recurrence. Tumor biological subtype was the most significant predictor of recurrence. The 5-year DFS rates in patients with hormone receptor (HR) positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative, HR+HER2+, HR-HER2+, and triple negative subtypes were 82%, 63%, 58%, and 37%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Clinical outcomes of patients with extensive nodal metastasis were heterogeneous in terms of prognosis. Tumor biological subtype was the most important prognostic factor for pN3 disease. The prognosis of patients with HR+HER2- subtype in pN3 breast cancer was similar to that of patients with stage II breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biology , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Logistic Models , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Phenotype , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
19.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 169-176, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155887

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Due to the increased prevalence of thyroid cancer, it has been frequently detected in breast cancer patients recently. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics of thyroid cancer in breast cancer patients with respect to prognosis and treatment. METHODS: From August 1998 to September 2012, 101 breast cancer patients were diagnosed with thyroid cancer (BT group). One hundred ninety-three female patients with a thyroid malignancy that underwent thyroidectomy in 2008 were recruited as controls (oT group). The clinicopathologic results of these two groups were compared. RESULTS: Patients were older (51.40 vs. 47.16, P < 0.001), mean tumor size was smaller (0.96 cm vs. 1.43 cm, P < 0.001), and extrathyroidal extension was less common in the BT group. In both groups, papillary thyroid carcinoma was the most common type of thyroid malignancy. T and N classifications of thyroid cancer were less severe in the BT group, but group TNM stages were similar. Endoscopic thyroid surgery was performed in 12.9% of patients in the BT group and in 6.7% of patients in the oT group. Postoperative radioactive iodine ablation was performed less often in the BT group (P < 0.001). Group recurrence rates were not significantly different. CONCLUSION: Thyroid cancer in breast cancer patients was diagnosed at earlier status than ordinary thyroid cancer. However, the prognosis of thyroid cancer in breast cancer patients was not superior to that in patients with thyroid cancer alone. Radioactive iodine ablation was performed less often and endoscopic surgery could be performed in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Classification , Iodine , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Prevalence , Prognosis , Recurrence , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 99-106, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110228

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the second most frequent malignancy in Korean women, with a continuously increasing incidence. The Korean Breast Cancer Society has constructed a nationwide breast cancer database through an online registration program. The aim of the present study was to report the fundamental facts on Korean breast cancer in 2011, and to analyze the changing patterns in clinical characteristics and breast cancer management in Korea over the last 10 years. Data on newly diagnosed breast cancer patients, including the total number of cases, age, stage, and type of surgery, for the year 2011 were collected from 84 hospitals and clinics nationwide using a questionnaire survey. Additional data relating to the changing patterns of breast cancer in Korea were collected from the online breast cancer registry database and analyzed. According to nationwide survey data, a total of 16,967 patients were newly diagnosed with breast cancer in 2011. The crude incidence of female breast cancer, including invasive cancer and in situ cancer, was 67 cases per 100,000 women. Analysis of the survey and registry data gave equivalent results in terms of age distribution, stage, and type of surgery. The median age at diagnosis was 50 years, and the proportion of postmenopausal women (51.3%) was higher than that of premenopausal women (48.7%) with breast cancer. The incidence of stage 0 and stage I breast cancer increased continuously over the last 10 years (56.3% in 2011), and breast conserving surgery (65.7%) was performed more frequently than total mastectomy (33.8%). The total number of breast reconstruction surgeries increased approximately 8-fold. We conclude that the clinical characteristics of breast cancer have changed over the past 10 years in Korea, and surgical management has changed accordingly. Analysis of nationwide registry data will contribute to a better understanding of the characteristics of breast cancer in Korea.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Age Distribution , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Incidence , Korea , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mastectomy, Simple , Online Systems , Registries , Surveys and Questionnaires
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