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1.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 251-264, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001503

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Korean Society for Cytopathology introduced a digital proficiency test (PT) in 2021. However, many doubtful opinions remain on whether digitally scanned images can satisfactorily present subtle differences in the nuclear features and chromatin patterns of cytological samples. @*Methods@#We prepared 30 whole-slide images (WSIs) from the conventional PT archive by a selection process for digital PT. Digital and conventional PT were performed in parallel for volunteer institutes, and the results were compared using feedback. To assess the quality of cytological assessment WSIs, 12 slides were collected and scanned using five different scanners, with four cytopathologists evaluating image quality through a questionnaire. @*Results@#Among the 215 institutes, 108 and 107 participated in glass and digital PT, respectively. No significant difference was noted in category C (major discordance), although the number of discordant cases was slightly higher in the digital PT group. Leica, 3DHistech Pannoramic 250 Flash, and Hamamatsu NanoZoomer 360 systems showed comparable results in terms of image quality, feature presentation, and error rates for most cytological samples. Overall satisfaction was observed with the general convenience and image quality of digital PT. @*Conclusions@#As three-dimensional clusters are common and nuclear/chromatin features are critical for cytological interpretation, careful selection of scanners and optimal conditions are mandatory for the successful establishment of digital quality assurance programs in cytology.

2.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 380-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915798

ABSTRACT

Background@#Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification. @*Methods@#Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier). @*Results@#On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems. @*Conclusions@#Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 883-892, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and brushing cytology are used worldwide to diagnose pancreatic and biliary malignant tumors. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been developed and it is currently used to overcome the limitations of conventional smears (CS). In this study, the authors aimed to compare the diagnostic value of the CellPrepPlus (CP; Biodyne) LBC method with CS in samples obtained using EUS-FNA and brushing cytology. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 75 patients with pancreatic or biliary lesions from June 2012 to October 2013. For cytological analyses, including inadequate specimens, benign and atypical were further classified into benign, and suspicious and malignant were subcategorized as malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were evaluated. RESULTS: In the EUS-FNA based cytological analysis of pancreatic specimens, CP had a sensitivity of 60.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 77.1%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 64.5%. CS had a sensitivity of 85.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 91.7%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 83.3%. In the brushing cytology based analysis of biliary specimens, CP had sensitivity of 53.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 54.5%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 6.3%. CS had a sensitivity of 78.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 78.8%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 12.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that CP had a lower sensitivity because of low cellularity compared with CS. Therefore, CP (LBC) has a lower diagnostic accuracy for pancreatic EUS-FNA based and biliary brush cytology based analyses compared with CS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Methods , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 222-225, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716194

ABSTRACT

Colorectal large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are extremely rare and have very poor prognosis compared to adenocarcinomas. A 74-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, diarrhea and hematochezia. The histopathologic report of colonoscopic biopsy performed at a local clinic was a poorly differentiated carcinoma. An abdominopelvic computed scan revealed irregularly enhanced wall thickening at the sigmoid colon with regional fat stranding and lymphnode enlargement. He underwent a laparoscopic high anterior resection with selective peritonectomy for peritoneal carcinomatosis, intraoperative peritoneal irrigation chemotherapy, and early postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for 5 days. The tumor had a high proliferation rate (mitotic count > 50/10 HPFs and 90% of the Ki-67 index) and lymph-node metastases had occurred. On immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells expressed CD56 and synaptophysin. Large-cell NEC was confirmed. Systemic chemotherapy with cisplatin/etoposide was done. The patient is still alive after 3 years with no evidence of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Carcinoma , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Diarrhea , Drug Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Metastasis , Peritoneal Lavage , Prognosis , Recurrence , Synaptophysin
5.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 243-245, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766665
6.
Electrolytes & Blood Pressure ; : 15-17, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714850

ABSTRACT

Severe eating disorders characterized by repetitive episodes of purging and vomiting can occasionally trigger acute kidney injury. However, interstitial nephritis induced by episodes of repeated vomiting has rarely been reported, and the pathophysiology of this entity remains unknown. A 26-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of known hypokalemia. His serum electrolyte profile showed: sodium 133 mEq/L, potassium 2.6 mEq/L, chloride 72 mEq/L, total carbon dioxide 50 mEq/L, blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio (BUN/Cr) 21.9/1.98 mg/dL, and magnesium 2.0 mg/dL. Arterial blood gas analysis showed: pH 7.557, partial pressure of carbon dioxide 65.8 mmHg, and bicarbonate 58.5 mEq/L. His urinary potassium concentration was 73.2 mEq/L, and Cr was 111 mg/dL. Renal biopsy revealed acute tubular necrosis and tubulointerstitial nephritis with a few shrunken glomeruli. Repeated psychogenic vomiting may precipitate acute kidney injury and interstitial nephritis secondary to volume depletion and hypokalemia. Serum electrolyte levels and renal function should be carefully monitored in patients diagnosed with eating disorders to prevent tubular ischemia and interstitial nephritis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Anorexia Nervosa , Anorexia , Biopsy , Blood Gas Analysis , Carbon Dioxide , Eating , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypokalemia , Ischemia , Magnesium , Necrosis , Nephritis, Interstitial , Partial Pressure , Potassium , Sodium , Urea , Vomiting
7.
Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism ; : 226-229, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96136

ABSTRACT

Turner syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder in girls. Various phenotypic features show depending upon karyotype from normal female through ambiguous genitalia to male. Usually, Turner girls containing 45,X/46,XY mosaicism, or sex-determining region Y (SRY) gene may have mixed gonadal dysgenesis with various external sexual differentiation. We experienced a short statured 45,X Turner girl with normal external genitalia. Because SRY gene was positive, laparoscopic gonadectomy was performed. The dysgenetic gonads revealed bilateral ovotesticular tissues. The authors report a mixed gonadal dysgenesis case found in clinical 45,X Turner patient with positive SRY gene. Screening for SRY gene should be done even the karyotype is 45,X monosomy and external genitalia is normal.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chromosome Disorders , Disorders of Sex Development , Genes, sry , Genitalia , Gonadal Dysgenesis, Mixed , Gonads , Karyotype , Mass Screening , Monosomy , Mosaicism , Sex Differentiation , Turner Syndrome
8.
Journal of Biomedical Research ; : 249-252, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97580

ABSTRACT

This report describes a rare case of primary rectal mature teratoma in a 56-year-old woman. She was referred to the outpatient clinic with a large pedunculated rectal mass, which was found during a regular health check-up. Polypectomy was performed and microscopic findings showed various structures derived from all three germ cell layers. Epidermis, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, eccrine glands, and apocrine sweat glands, with some scattered melanophages and lymphocytes were present as ectodermal derivatives. Smooth muscle fibers, blood vessels, and fibrous and adipose tissues were found as mesodermal derivatives. In addition, thyroid follicles, mucinous glands, and bronchial respiratory epithelium with peribronchial glands were detected as endodermal derivatives. She is healthy and has shown no evidence of recurrence or distant metastasis for 25 months post-surgical resection. Primary rectal teratomas are generally benign and primarily affect women. Therefore, minimally invasive surgical procedures, such as endoscopic polypectomy for a pedunculated polyp and segmentectomy for a larger mass, are satisfactory in most cases. Induction of primary rectal teratomas has been suggested to occur mainly by errors in a single germ cell after the end of meiosis I; in addition, it has also been suggested that the difference in gender incidence may be associated with differences in sex chromosomes between males and females rather than with anatomical proximity between ovary and rectum.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Blood Vessels , Dermoid Cyst , Eccrine Glands , Ectoderm , Endoderm , Epidermis , Germ Cells , Hair Follicle , Incidence , Lymphocytes , Mastectomy, Segmental , Meiosis , Mesoderm , Mucins , Muscle, Smooth , Neoplasm Metastasis , Ovary , Polyps , Rectum , Recurrence , Respiratory Mucosa , Sebaceous Glands , Sex Chromosomes , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Sweat Glands , Teratoma , Thyroid Gland
9.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 395-403, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: For patients with breast carcinoma, immunohistochemical markers are important factors in determining the breast cancer subtype and for establishing a therapeutic plan, including the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). However, it is not clear whether the expression of certain markers changes after NACT. METHODS: We assessed estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67, p53, and Bcl-2 expression in specimens from 345 breast cancer cases before and after NACT. We analyzed the association between response to NACT and the expression of the markers in pre-NACT specimens. We also compared the expression between pre- and post-NACT specimens. RESULTS: ER and PR expression was negatively associated with pathological complete response (pCR). HER2 was associated with pCR in all cases, but the association was lost when the cases were subdivided according to hormone receptor status. The pre-NACT tumor size of cases with pCR after NACT was smaller than that of cases with residual disease. HER2-enriched and triple-negative breast cancers were more likely to achieve pCR than luminal A type cancers. PR expression and the Ki-67 index decreased after NACT. A decrease in the Ki-67 index was also demonstrated in hormone receptor positive and HER2-enriched subtypes, but no similar tendency was observed in the triple-negative subtype. CONCLUSION: A patient with breast cancer scheduled for NACT should be assessed for the breast cancer subtype, as this will influence the treatment plans for the patient. The expression of PR and Ki-67 after NACT should be interpreted carefully because NACT tends to reduce the expression of these molecules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Estrogens , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen , Phenobarbital , Polymerase Chain Reaction , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone
10.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 68-74, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Urine cytology is an important test in the screening of urothlelial neoplasms. The conventional smear (CS) method of testing urine samples has a low sensitivity, approximately 50% result accuracy for detecting urothelial carcinomas, while liquid-based cytology (LBC) has much improved diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The aim of this study was to compare the morphologic features and diagnostic efficacy of CellprepPlus(R) LBC with those of CS for urine cytology. METHODS: A total of 713 cases of urine specimens collected from November 2009 to September 2010 were included. All specimens were divided equally for the preparation of CellprepPlus(R) LBC and CS for each case. RESULTS: CellprepPlus(R) revealed more cellularity, a cleaner background and better cytomorphologic features, but it showed a less intact architectural pattern compared to that of CS. Of the 88 histologically confirmed cases, the diagnostic sensitivity for CellprepPlus(R) was 50% and higher than the 37.5% for CS. The specificity of both preparations was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: The CellprepPlus(R) showed an improved quality of slides and provided better diagnostic accuracy, thus CellprepPlus(R) could be a first-line screening tool in urinary tract cytology.


Subject(s)
Mass Screening , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Tract
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 271-274, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90288

ABSTRACT

Neuroendocrine carcinomas from an unknown primary site are uncommon. The authors report on a case of neuroendocrine carcinoma in a perigastric lymph node (LN) with no primary site. A 52-year-old male patient with early gastric adenocarcinoma underwent treatment by endoscopic submucosal dissection, and, six months later, findings on a computed tomographic scan of the abdomen revealed a LN enlargement measuring 2.0 cm in the perigastric region. The patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy and regional LN dissection under a suggestive preoperative diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma with LN metastasis. However, microscopically, no residual tumor was found in the stomach, and the perigastric LN showed poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PDNEC). After an extensive workup, no primary site was identified. The patient also received four cycles of etoposide and cisplatin. Despite its extremely rare incidence, this case suggests that PDNEC of an unknown primary site is limited to a single site, and that resection should be considered in combination with chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abdomen , Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Cisplatin , Etoposide , Gastrectomy , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Stomach
12.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 368-370, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56895

ABSTRACT

Mucosal spreading of urothelial tumors to the seminal vesicles is very rare. We experienced a case of mucosal involvement of the seminal vesicles by a bladder tumor in a 72-year-old man. The patient had a history of transurethral resection for invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder 8 years previously. Radical cystoprostatectomy was performed owing to recurrent and multiple urothelial carcinoma in situ. Microscopically, the urothelial carcinoma in situ was throughout the mucosa of the urinary bladder, both ureters, the prostate, and the left seminal vesicle. To date, the implication of mucosal involvement of the seminal vesicles by urothelial carcinoma is unclear. However, careful microscopic examination is needed to avoid an erroneous diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Mucous Membrane , Prostate , Seminal Vesicles , Ureter , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 248-251, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43874

ABSTRACT

Synchronous bilateral breast cancer is extremely rare in men and has not, up to date, been reported in Korea. A 54-year-old man presented with a palpable mass in the right breast. The right nipple was retracted and bilateral axillary accessory breasts and nipples were present. On physical examination, a 2 cm-sized mass was palpated directly under the right nipple, and, with squeezing, bloody discharge developed in a single duct of the left nipple. There was no palpable mass in the left breast, and axillary lymph nodes were not palpable. Physical examination of external genitalia revealed a unilateral undescended testis on the left side. Synchronous bilateral breast cancer was diagnosed using mammography, ultrasonography, and core-needle biopsy. Histopathological examination revealed invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast and ductal carcinoma in situ in the left breast. Bilateral total mastectomy, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and excision of accessory breasts in the axilla were performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Axilla , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Cryptorchidism , Genitalia , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Mammography , Mastectomy, Simple , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Nipples , Nitriles , Physical Examination , Pyrethrins , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 136-139, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45779

ABSTRACT

Aortic aneurysm is one several well-known cardiovascular complications in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPCKD). Commonly affected site of aortic aneurysm and its related dissection in ADPCKD is abdominal aorta. Long standing hypertension, haemodialysis, old age are closely related with discovering of aortic aneurysm and dissection in ADPCKD. However, thoracic aortic aneurysms and its related severe aortic regurgitations (ARs) are rare in younger patients suffering from ADPCKD, especially ones who have normal renal function. Here, we report a case involving a 27-year-old Asian male patient with severe AR due to an ascending aneurysm of the thoracic aorta associated with ADPCKD. The patient had normal renal function without Marfan's habitus. The AR and thoracic aortic aneurysm were corrected surgically.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Aneurysm , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Asian People , Hypertension , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Stress, Psychological
15.
Immune Network ; : 33-39, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39026

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic approaches using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against complement regulatory proteins (CRPs:i.e.,CD46,CD55 and CD59) have been reported for adjuvant cancer therapy. In this study, we generated a recombinant 1E8 single-chain anti-CD59 antibody (scFv-Fc) and tested anti-cancer effect.by using complement dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). METHODS: We isolated mRNA from 1E8 hybridoma cells and amplified the variable regions of the heavy chain (VH) and light chain (VL) genes using reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Using a linker, the amplified sequences for the heavy and light chains were each connected to the sequence for a single polypeptide chain that was designed to be expressed. The VL and VH fragments were cloned into the pOptiVEC-TOPO vector that contained the human CH2-CH3 fragment. Then, 293T cells were transfected with the 1E8 single-chain Fv-Fc (scFv-Fc) constructs. CD59 expression was evaluated in the prostate cancer cell lines using flow cytometry. The enhancement of CDC effect by mouse 1E8 and 1E8 scFv-Fc were evaluated using a cytotoxicity assay. RESULTS: The scFv-Fc constructs were expressed by the transfected 293T cells and secreted into the culture medium. The immunoreactivity of the secreted scFv-Fc construct was similar to that of the mouse 1E8 for CCRF-CEM cells. The molecular masses of 1E8 scFv-Fc were about 120 kDa and 55 kDa under reducing and non-reducing conditions, respectively. The DNA sequence of 1E8 scFv-Fc was obtained and presented. CD59 was highly expressed by the prostate cancer cell line. The recombinant 1E8 scFv-Fc mAb revealed significantly enhanced CDC effect similar with mouse 1E8 for prostate cancer cells. CONCLUSION: A 1E8 scFv-Fc construct for adjuvant cancer therapy was developed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Base Sequence , Cell Line , Clone Cells , Complement System Proteins , Flow Cytometry , Hybridomas , Light , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prostatic Neoplasms , Proteins , RNA, Messenger
16.
Immune Network ; : 114-122, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The leukocyte common antigen (CD45) is a transmembrane-type protein tyrosine phosphatase that has five isoforms. METHODS: We generated seven murine mAbs against human CD45 by injecting cells from different origins, such as human thymocytes, PBMCs, and leukemic cell lines. By using various immunological methods including flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and immunoprecipitation, we evaluated the reactivity of those mAbs to CD45 of thymus as well as tonsil lysates. Furthermore, we transiently transfected COS-7 cells with each of gene constructs that express five human CD45 isoforms respectively, and examined the specificities of the mAbs against the transfected isoforms. RESULTS: In case of thymocytes, lymphocytes, and monocytes, all the seven mAbs demonstrated positive reactivities whereas none was reactive to erythrocytes and platelets. The majority of immune cells in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded thymus and tonsil tissues displayed strong membranous immunoreactivity, and the main antigen was detected near 220 kDa in all cases. Among the mAbs, four mAbs (AP4, DN11, SHL-1, and P6) recognized a region commonly present in all the five isoforms. One mAb, YG27, recognized four isoforms (ABC, AB, BC, and O). Two mAbs, P1 and P14, recognized the isoforms that contain exon A encoded regions (ABC and AB). CONCLUSION: In this study, we confirmed that AP4, DN11, SHL-1, YG27 and P6, are mAbs reactive with the CD45 antigen whereas P1 and P14 are reactive with the CD45RA antigen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Blood Platelets , Cell Line , COS Cells , Erythrocytes , Exons , Flow Cytometry , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoprecipitation , Leukocytes , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Palatine Tonsil , Protein Isoforms , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Thymocytes , Thymus Gland
17.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 182-187, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58378

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid is a useful tool for the evaluation of benign or malignant thyroid nodules. The improvements in the quality of cytological preparations using the liquid-based cytology (LBC) method have been well-documented. The principal objective of this study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic adequacy, sensitivity, and specificity of the thyroid FNA comparing a conventional smear with the LBC adapted with the filtration method described herein. METHODS: One hundred ninety eight cases of FNA samples obtained from May 2009 to September 2009 were included in this study. All patients were subjected to ultrasound-guided aspiration twice at a target lesion by a radiologist and two types of slides were prepared using conventional smear and LBC. RESULTS: When compared with conventional method, the cellularity was reduced in LBC. However, the malignant tumor cells evidenced the larger and more vesicular nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and distinct nuclear membranes in LBC. Thirty two cases (16.16%) of conventional smear were inadequate, but 96 cases (48.49%) of LBC were inadequate. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the slides using CellprepPlus(R) LBC evidenced lower cellularity and clearer background. However, the conventional smears were found to generate much more applicable samples than CellprepPlus(R) LBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Filtration , Needles , Nuclear Envelope , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule
18.
Korean Journal of Nephrology ; : 310-314, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167513

ABSTRACT

Vancomycin has been associated with acute kidney injury, particularly in the concomitant treatment with aminoglycoside or in the presence of other risk factor such as preexisting renal disease, sepsis, or hemodynamic instability. Vancomycin-related nephrotoxicity typically manifests as acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. Biopsy-proven acute tubular necrosis associated with vancomycin intoxication in the absence of aminoglycoside has been reported only in very few cases. We report a case of biopsy-proven acute tubular necrosis associated with vancomycin intoxication that was treated by continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration. A 28-year-old male without preexisting renal disease received a massive overdose of vancomycin. The plasma vancomycin level was 440.3 microg/mL. Renal biopsy revealed acute tubular necrosis that there is marked thinning of the tubular epithelium with dilatation of the tubular lumens and severe foamy epithelial cell changes in tubules. Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration resulted in efficient reduction of serum vancomycin levels, which was followed clinically by recovered of renal function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Biopsy , Dilatation , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Hemodiafiltration , Hemodynamics , Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute , Necrosis , Nephritis, Interstitial , Plasma , Risk Factors , Sepsis , Vancomycin
19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Medical Ultrasound ; : 189-192, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725583

ABSTRACT

Gastroduodenal intussusception is a rare condition caused by the prolapse of a gastric tumor with subsequent invagination of a portion of the gastric wall into the duodenum. Various gastric lesions including adenoma, lipoma, leiomyoma, hamartoma, adenocarcinoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and as in our case a Peutz-Jeghers polyp, can serve as a lead point of intussusception. Only three cases of gastroduodenal intussusception secondary to a Peutz-Jeghers polyp have been reported. We experienced a case of gastroduodenal intussusception in a 36-month-old boy who presented with intermittent nonbilious vomiting, abdominal pain, and anemia. An abdominal ultrasound and contrast enhanced CT scan showed gastrointestinal intussusception and a mass-like lesion in the second portion of duodenum. A laparotomy revealed a 7x8 cm sized mass at the gastric body, which was pathologically confirmed as a Peutz-Jeghers polyp.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adenocarcinoma , Adenoma , Anemia , Duodenum , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Hamartoma , Intussusception , Laparotomy , Leiomyoma , Lipoma , Polyps , Child, Preschool , Prolapse , Stomach , Vomiting
20.
Intestinal Research ; : 142-150, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The increase of colonoscopy procedures has led to an increase in the diagnosis of carcinoid tumors in the lower gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical and pathological characteristics that affect the treatment and recurrence of carcinoid tumors of the lower gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: A 10-year (1999-2009) retrospective analysis of 41 patients with carcinoid tumors of the lower gastrointestinal tract at the Chungbuk National University Hospital was conducted. Patient and tumor characteristics, treatment and recurrence were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 47.4+/-12.4 (range, 22-79 years) and the male to female ratio was 1:0.64. The mean tumor size was 9.4+/-4.8 (3-20) mm. In the lower gastrointestinal tract, the rectum was the most frequent location of the lower gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors (92.7%). Twenty-nine out of 41 patients were treated by endoscopy (mean size of tumor: 8.0+/-3.4 mm) and 12 were treated by surgery (mean size of tumor: 13.8+/-5.8 mm)(P=0.011). Among the patients treated by endoscopy, only one patient had a complete resection. However, the histology showed that 10 patients treated by endoscopy had positive resection margins; all 10 cases (35.7%) had a polypectomy (P=0.013). The mean follow-up duration was 19.2+/-14.5 months, and there were two recurrences of rectal carcinoid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Both endoscopic and surgical resections were effective methods for the treatment of lower gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors. However, endoscopic polypectomy should be carefully considered because of the possibility of more frequent incomplete histological resections. Moreover, even for small rectal carcinoid tumors, follow-up examination should be performed to evaluate for tumor recurrence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoid Tumor , Colonoscopy , Endoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Lower Gastrointestinal Tract , Rectum , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
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