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1.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 27-35, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938471

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Various clinical practice guidelines recommend at least 12 regional lymph nodes should be removed for resected colon cancer. According to a recent study, the lymph node yield (LNY) in colon cancer surgery in the last 20 years has tended to increase from 14.91 to 21.30. However, it is unclear whether these guidelines adequately reflect recent findings on the number of harvested lymph nodes in colon cancer surgery. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of an LNY of more than 25 on survival in right-sided colon cancer. @*Methods@#We included 285 patients who underwent a right hemicolectomy during the period from January 2010 through December 2015. Patients were divided into two groups (<25 nodes and ≥25 nodes). Primary endpoints included 5-year and 10-year survival including disease-free and overall. @*Results@#We found that survival outcomes of patients with a harvest of ≥25 nodes were not significantly different compared with a <25 group. Large tumor size (5 cm) is significantly associated with poor 5-year and 10-year overall survival. @*Conclusion@#Survival outcomes of patients with a harvest of ≥25 nodes were not significantly different compared with the <25 group in stage II colon cancer with no risk.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 120-124, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913391

ABSTRACT

Everolimus (Afinitor) is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin. Polmacoxib (Acelex) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that belongs to the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor family and is mainly used for treatment of arthritis. Intestinal perforation has not been reported previously as a complication of everolimus, and perforation of the lower intestinal tract caused by a selective COX-2 inhibitor is extremely rare. We present here a case of colon perforation that occurred after use of polmacoxib in a metastatic breast cancer patient who had been treated with everolimus for the preceding six months.

3.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 155-162, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830395

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Choosing the appropriate antibiotic is important for treatment of complicated appendicitis. However, increasing multidrug resistant bacteria have been a serious problem for successful treatment. This study was designed to identify bacteria isolated from patients with complicated appendicitis and reveal their susceptibilities for antibiotics and their relationship with patient clinical course. @*Methods@#This study included patients diagnosed with complicated appendicitis and examined the bacterial cultures and antimicrobial susceptibilities of the isolates. Data were retrospectively collected from medical records of Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from January 2008 to February 2018. @*Results@#The common bacterial species cultured in complicated appendicitis were as follows: Escherichia coli (n=113, 48.9%), Streptococcus spp. (n=29, 12.6%), Pseudomonas spp. (n=23, 10.0%), Bacteriodes spp. (n=22, 9.5%), Klebsiella (n=11, 4.8%), and Enterococcus spp. (n=8, 3.5%). In antibiotics susceptibility testing, the positive rate of extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) was 9.1% (21 of 231). The resistance rate to carbapenem was 1.7% (4 of 231), while that to vancomycin was 0.4% (1 of 231). E. coli was 16.8% ESBL positive (19 of 113) and had 22.1% and 19.5% resistance rates to cefotaxime and ceftazidime, respectively. Inappropriate empirical antibiotic treatment (IEAT) occurred in 55 cases (31.8%) and was significantly related with organ/space surgical site infection (SSI) (7 of 55, P=0.005). @*Conclusion@#The rate of antibiotic resistance organisms was high in community-acquired complicated appendicitis in Koreans. Additionally, IEAT in complicated appendicitis may lead to increased rates of SSI. Routine intraoperative culture in patients with complicated appendicitis may be an effective strategy for appropriate antibiotic regimen.

4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 129-136, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762308

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Inadequate bowel preparation (IBP) is commonly observed during surveillance colonoscopy after colorectal resection. We investigated potential risk factors affecting bowel preparation. METHODS: We studied potential factors affecting bowel preparation quality. The Boston bowel preparation score was used to measure bowel preparation quality. Factors affecting IBP were analyzed, including age, body mass index, time elapsed between surgery and colonoscopy, and amount of bowel preparation drug consumed (conventional-volume vs. low-volume). Odds ratios were calculated for IBP. RESULTS: This retrospective cohort study included 1,317 patients who underwent colorectal resection due to malignancy. Of these patients, 79% had adequate bowel preparation and 21% had IBP. In multivariate regression analysis, a surveillance colonoscopy within 1 year after surgery and age >80 were used as independent predictors of IBP. IBP rate of the low-volume group was significantly higher than that of the conventional-volume group among patients who underwent a surveillance colonoscopy within 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: For surveillance colonoscopy after colorectal resection, bowel preparation is affected by factors including colonoscopy timing after surgery and age. We recommend the use of conventional-volume 4-L polyethylene glycol solution when performing a surveillance colonoscopy, especially up to 1 year after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Odds Ratio , Polyethylene Glycols , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 107-115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739576

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative serum CA 19-9 levels in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, 4,794 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for colorectal cancer were analyzed. These patients were classified into 2 groups according to preoperative CA 19-9 (high CA 19-9: ≥37 ng/mL, n = 440; normal CA 19-9: <37 ng/mL, n = 4,354). We used 1:20 propensity score matching to adjust for potential baseline confounders between groups. RESULTS: After matching, 424 patients (10.5%) among 4,021 patients with colorectal cancer showed a high pre-CA 19-9 level (≥37 ng/mL). There were no significant differences between these 2 groups in age, sex, preoperative CEA level, or T, N, and M stage after matching. Of the 424 patients with high pre-CA 19-9, 141 (33.3%) exhibited cancer recurrence more frequently than patients with normal preoperative CA 19-9 (18.5%). Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level showed significantly poorer survival than those with normal levels. The 5-year overall survival rate was 79.7% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 91.9% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 70.2% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 82.7% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level in colorectal cancer have a significantly poorer prognosis than those with normal levels of CA 19-9. We therefore suggest preoperative CA 19-9 level can be used as an additional prognostic indicator of poor outcomes in colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Recurrence , Survival Rate
6.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 253-258, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717374

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: According to surgical dogma, patients who are recovering from general anesthesia after abdominal surgery should begin with a clear liquid diet, progress to a full liquid diet and then to a soft diet before taking regular meals. We propose patient-controlled nutrition (PCN), which is a novel concept in postoperative nutrition after abdominal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and effects of PCN. This study was carried out with a total of 179 consecutive patients who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy between August 2014 and July 2016. In the PCN group, diet was advanced depending on the choice of the patients themselves; in the traditional group, diet was progressively advanced to a full liquid or soft diet and then a regular diet as tolerated. The primary endpoints were time to tolerance of regular diet and postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: Time to tolerance of a regular diet (P < 0.001) and postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.001) showed statistically significant differences between the groups. Multivariate analysis using linear regression showed that the traditional nutrition pattern was the only factor associated with postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression showed that traditional nutrition was the only risk factor associated with prolonged postoperative hospital stay (≥3 days). CONCLUSION: After abdominal surgery, PCN may be a feasible and effective concept in postoperative nutrition. In our Early Recovery after Surgery program, our PCN concept may reduce the time to tolerance of a regular diet and shorten the postoperative hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia, General , Appendectomy , Diet , Length of Stay , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Meals , Multivariate Analysis , Nutritional Support , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Care , Pregnenolone Carbonitrile , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 634-645, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715841

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There are patients who do not undergo surgery, regardless of tumor response for neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in rectal cancer. However, there have been few reports focused on how oncologic outcomes are worse in these patients. We sought to investigate oncologic outcomes for these non-operated patients with rectal cancer after nCRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,063 records of patients with rectal cancer who were treated with nCRT from January 2002 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. We categorized patients into the non-operated group (n=77), transanal local excision (TLE) group (n=54), ortotal mesorectal excision (TME) group (n=932) and compared each group using propensity score matching. RESULTS: In the non-operated group, the most common reason for no surgery was patient refusal (n=64). Eleven patients were considered to have achieve clinical complete response (cCR), which was an independent prognostic factor of progression-free survival (p=0.045). In patients with disease progression in the non-operated group, the overall survival did not improved according to salvage treatments (p=0.451). The non-operated group showed worse survivals compared to the TLE or TME group before and after matching (p < 0.001). This finding was also noted in the analysis of survival only in patients with cCR. CONCLUSION: In this study, non-operated patients did not secure oncologic safety regardless of cCR after nCRT. Our results suggest that a non-operative management must be carefully considered even if cCR is achieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Propensity Score , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy
8.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 143-149, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152593

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is accepted as a standard alternative to open procedures in the management of both benign and malignant colorectal disease. However, the safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic approach for emergency colorectal surgery has not been established. Hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) surgery might be a suitable option for colectomy in an emergency setting. The aim of this study was to report our experience of emergency HAL colectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of consecutive colorectal emergency cases that were treated using HAL colectomy. Patient demographics, indications for surgery, operative details, and postoperative complications were examined. RESULTS: From March 2015 to April 2016, 18 patients underwent emergency HAL colectomy for complicated colorectal disease. Eight patients (44%) had an obstruction that required intraoperative decompression procedure. Sixteen patients (89%) had a perforation (five of which were sealed perforations involving large abscesses and inflammatory changes). Eight patients underwent sigmoidectomy, four underwent anterior resection, one underwent low anterior resection, two underwent left hemicolectomy, and three underwent Hartmann's procedure. There were two instances of open conversion (11%). The median duration of surgery was 178 minutes. The median time to bowel function recovery and median postoperative stay were 3 days and 10 days, respectively. The postoperative complication rate associated with the operation was 33% (6/18). There was one postoperative mortality. CONCLUSION: For the experienced surgeon, HAL can be a reasonable option for emergency colorectal surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Colectomy , Colorectal Surgery , Decompression , Demography , Emergencies , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Laparoscopy , Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies
9.
Intestinal Research ; : 495-501, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using stool DNA was recently found to yield good detection rates. A multi-target stool DNA test (Cologuard®, Exact Sciences), including methylated genes has been recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The aim of this study was to validate these aberrantly methylated genes as stool-based DNA markers for detecting CRC and colorectal advanced adenoma (AA) in the Korean population. METHODS: A single-center study was conducted in 36 patients with AA; 35 patients with CRC; and 40 endoscopically diagnosed healthy controls using CRC screening colonoscopy. The methylation status of the SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters was investigated blindly using bisulfate-modified stool DNA obtained from 111 participants. Methylation status was investigated by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Methylated SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters were detected in 60.0%, 31.4%, 68.8%, and 40.0% of CRC samples and in 27.8%, 27.8%, 27.8%, and 33.3% of AA samples, respectively. The sensitivities obtained using 4 markers to detect CRC and AA were 94.3% and 72.2%, respectively. The specificity was 55.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that the SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoter methylation analysis of stool sample DNA showed high sensitivity but low specificity for detecting CRC and AA. Because of the low specificity, 4 methylated markers might not be sufficient for CRC screening in the Korean population. Further large-scale studies are required to validate the methylation of these markers in the Asian population and to find new markers for the Asian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Asian People , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA , Feces , Genetic Markers , Mass Screening , Methylation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , United States Food and Drug Administration
10.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 129-135, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787985

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The impact of obesity on the surgical outcomes of Asian patients undergoing laparoscopic colon surgery is not clear. The purpose was to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic surgery in obese Asian patients with colon cancer.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively collected data of 1,740 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer between January 2008 and December 2010. Patients were classified according to the categories proposed by the International Obesity Task Force, Non-obese (body mass index [BMI]<25.0 kg/m2), Obese-I (BMI, 25.0–29.9 kg/m2), and Obese-II (BMI≥30 kg/m2). Surgical outcomes, including open conversion, operative time, and postoperative hospital stay, were compared in the Non-obese, Obese-I, and Obese-II patients.RESULTS: Of the 1,192 patients in the study, 812 (68.1%), 360 (30.2%), and 20 (1.7%), were classified as Non-obese, Obese-I, and Obese-II, respectively. The Obese-II group had higher conversion rates (10.0% vs. 3.6% and 1.6%, P=0.008) and, longer operative times (180.35 vs. 162.54 and 147.84 minutes, P<0.001) than the Obese-I and Non-obese group. However, the other postoperative outcomes were not significantly different. The overall survival and disease-free survival were not significantly different between groups (P=0.952). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent risk factor for conversion were BMI, total operative time, previous operative history, and cancer perforation.CONCLUSION: The outcomes of laparoscopic colon surgery in obese patients are similar to those of non-obese patients, offering all the benefits of a minimally invasive approach. However, the conversion rate was higher in obese patients. It is therefore very important for surgeons to be aware of these risks during laparoscopic colon surgery in obese patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Asian People , Colectomy , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Multivariate Analysis , Obesity , Observational Study , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgeons
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 981-981, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210169

ABSTRACT

In the version of this article initially published, the first affiliation (affiliation number 1) was incorrectly stated as "Division of Gastroentorology, Department of Internal Medicine." The correct affiliation is "Department of Internal Medicine."

12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 215-220, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225107

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared a subtotal colectomy to self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) insertion as a bridge to surgery for patients with left colon-cancer obstruction. METHODS: Ninety-four consecutive patients with left colon-cancer obstruction underwent an emergency subtotal colectomy or elective SEMS insertion between January 2007 and August 2014. Using prospectively collected data, we performed a retrospective comparative analysis on an intention-to-treat basis. RESULTS: A subtotal colectomy and SEMS insertion were attempted in 24 and 70 patients, respectively. SEMS insertion technically failed in 5 patients (7.1%). The mean age and rate of obstruction in the descending colon were higher in the subtotal colectomy group than the SEMS group. Sex, underlying disease, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, and pathological stage showed no statistical difference. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more frequently in patients in the SEMS group (62 of 70, 88.6%) than in patients in the subtotal colectomy group (4 of 24, 16.7%). The overall rate of postoperative morbidity was higher in the SEMS group. No Clavien-Dindo grade III or IV complications occurred in the subtotal colectomy group, but 2 patients (2.9%) died from septic complications in the SEMS group. One patient (4.2%) in the subtotal colectomy group had synchronous cancer. The total hospital stay was shorter in the subtotal colectomy group. The median number of bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was twice per day at postoperative 3–6 months. CONCLUSION: A subtotal colectomy for patients with obstructive left-colon cancer is a clinically and oncologically safer, 1-stage, surgical strategy compared to SEMS insertion as a bridge to surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Emergencies , Intestinal Obstruction , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stents
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 773-780, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179850

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aberrant DNA methylation has a specific role in field cancerization. Certain molecular markers, including secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2), N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 4 (NDRG4) and bone morphogenic protein 3 (BMP3), have previously been shown to be hypermethylated in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aim to examine field cancerization in CRC based on the presence of aberrant DNA methylation in normal-appearing tissue from CRC patients. METHODS: We investigated promoter methylation in 34 CRC patients and five individuals with normal colonoscopy results. CRC patients were divided into three tissue groups: tumor tissue, adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue. The methylation status (positive: methylation level >20%) of SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters was investigated using methylation-specific PCR. RESULTS: The methylation frequencies of the SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor/adjacent/nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue were 79.4%/63.0%/70.4%, 82.4%/53.6%/60.7%, 76.5%/61.5%/69.2%, 41.2%/35.7%/50.0%, respectively. The methylation levels of the SFRP,TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in normal-appearing tissue (SFRP2, p=0.013; TFPI2, p<0.001; NDRG4, p=0.003; BMP3, p=0.001). No significant correlation was observed between the methylation levels of the promoters and the clinicopathological variables. CONCLUSIONS: The field effect is present in CRC and affects both the adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Methylation , Mucous Membrane , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thromboplastin
14.
Gut and Liver ; : 781-785, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A subset of patients may develop colorectal cancer after a colonoscopy that is negative for malignancy. These missed or de novo lesions are referred to as interval cancers. The aim of this study was to determine whether interval colon cancers are more likely to result from the loss of function of mismatch repair genes than sporadic cancers and to demonstrate microsatellite instability (MSI). METHODS: Interval cancer was defined as a cancer that was diagnosed within 5 years of a negative colonoscopy. Among the patients who underwent an operation for colorectal cancer from January 2013 to December 2014, archived cancer specimens were evaluated for MSI by sequencing microsatellite loci. RESULTS: Of the 286 colon cancers diagnosed during the study period, 25 (8.7%) represented interval cancer. MSI was found in eight of the 25 patients (32%) that presented interval cancers compared with 22 of the 261 patients (8.4%) that presented sporadic cancers (p=0.002). In the multivariable logistic regression model, MSI was associated with interval cancer (OR, 3.91; 95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 11.05). CONCLUSIONS: Interval cancers were approximately four times more likely to show high MSI than sporadic cancers. Our findings indicate that certain interval cancers may occur because of distinct biological features.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Mismatch Repair , Logistic Models , Microsatellite Instability , Microsatellite Repeats
15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 269-275, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the learning curves and early postoperative outcomes for conventional laparoscopic (CL) and single incision laparoscopic (SIL) right hemicolectomy (RHC). METHODS: This retrospective study included the initial 35 cases in each group. Learning curves were evaluated by the moving average of operative time, mean operative time of every five consecutive cases, and cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis. The learning phase was considered overcome when the moving average of operative times reached a plateau, and when the mean operative time of every five consecutive cases reached a low point and subsequently did not vary by more than 30 minutes. RESULTS: Six patients with missing data in the CL RHC group were excluded from the analyses. According to the mean operative time of every five consecutive cases, learning phase of SIL and CL RHC was completed between 26 and 30 cases, and 16 and 20 cases, respectively. Moving average analysis revealed that approximately 31 (SIL) and 25 (CL) cases were needed to complete the learning phase, respectively. CUSUM analysis demonstrated that 10 (SIL) and two (CL) cases were required to reach a steady state of complication-free performance, respectively. Postoperative complications rate was higher in SIL than in CL group, but the difference was not statistically significant (17.1% vs. 3.4%). CONCLUSION: The learning phase of SIL RHC is longer than that of CL RHC. Early oncological outcomes of both techniques were comparable. However, SIL RHC had a statistically insignificant higher complication rate than CL RHC during the learning phase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Laparoscopy , Learning , Learning Curve , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 447-453, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141629

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors influencing permanent stomas after low anterior resection with temporary stomas for rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2528 consecutive rectal cancer patients who had undergone low anterior resection were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors for permanent stomas were evaluated among these patients. RESULTS: Among 2528 cases of rectal cancer, a total of 231 patients had a temporary diverting stoma. Among these cases, 217 (93.9%) received a stoma reversal. The median period between primary surgery and stoma reversal was 7.5 months. The temporary and permanent stoma groups consisted of 203 and 28 patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that independent risk factors for permanent stomas were anastomotic-related complications (p=0.001) and local recurrence (p=0.001). The 5-year overall survival for the temporary and permanent stoma groups were 87.0% and 70.5%, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Rectal cancer patients who have temporary stomas after low anterior resection with local recurrence and anastomotic-related complications may be at increased risk for permanent stoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Ileostomy/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Stomas/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Outcome
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 447-453, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141628

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors influencing permanent stomas after low anterior resection with temporary stomas for rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2528 consecutive rectal cancer patients who had undergone low anterior resection were retrospectively reviewed. Risk factors for permanent stomas were evaluated among these patients. RESULTS: Among 2528 cases of rectal cancer, a total of 231 patients had a temporary diverting stoma. Among these cases, 217 (93.9%) received a stoma reversal. The median period between primary surgery and stoma reversal was 7.5 months. The temporary and permanent stoma groups consisted of 203 and 28 patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that independent risk factors for permanent stomas were anastomotic-related complications (p=0.001) and local recurrence (p=0.001). The 5-year overall survival for the temporary and permanent stoma groups were 87.0% and 70.5%, respectively (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Rectal cancer patients who have temporary stomas after low anterior resection with local recurrence and anastomotic-related complications may be at increased risk for permanent stoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Ileostomy/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Stomas/statistics & numerical data , Treatment Outcome
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 82-88, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201307

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The expression of p53 in patients with rectal cancer who underwent preoperative chemoradiationand and its potential prognostic significance were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: p53 expression was examined using immunohistochemistry in pathologic specimens from 210 rectal cancer patients with preoperative chemoradiotherapy and radical surgery. All patients were classified into two groups according to the p53 expression: low p53 ( or =50%) groups. RESULTS: p53 expression was significantly associated with tumor location from the anal verge (p=0.036). In univariate analysis, p53 expression was not associated with disease-free survival (p=0.118) or local recurrence-free survival (p=0.089). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor distance from the anal verge (p=0.006), ypN category (p=0.011), and perineural invasion (p=0.048) were independent predictors of disease-free survival; tumor distance from the anal verge was the only independent predictor of local recurrence-free survival. When the p53 groups were subdivided according to ypTNM category, disease-free survival differed significantly in patients with ypN+ disease (p=0.027) only. CONCLUSION: Expression of p53 in pathologic specimens as measured by immunohistochemical methods may have a significant prognostic impact on survival in patients with ypN+ rectal cancer with preoperative chemoradiotherapy. However, it was not an independent predictor of recurrence or survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Immunohistochemistry , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Preoperative Care , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/analysis
19.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 98-105, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218283

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Intersphincteric resection (ISR) is a surgical option to preserve the anal sphincter for treatment of low rectal cancer. Laparoscopic ISR has been reported to be technically challenging. The Aim of this study was to assess the short-term outcomes of robotic ISR compared with a laparoscopic approach. METHODS: Ninety four consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic (n=60) or robotic (n=34) ISR with hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis for low rectal cancer from January 2011 to December 2014 were included. Patient demographics, operative data, and histopathologic and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: There were no differences in demographic data including tumor location, which was 2.5+/-0.7cm from the anal verge in the laparoscopic group and 2.7+/-0.9 cm in the robotic group. Mean operation time was significantly longer in the robotic group compared with the laparoscopic group (278+/-65.3 minutes versus 225+/-66.9, p<0.001). With respect to histopathologic outcomes, patients with circumferential resection margin (CRM) less than 2 mm were observed more frequently in the laparoscopic group than in the robotic group (18.3% versus 5.9%, p=0.050). The rate of postoperative morbidity was lower in the robotic group than in the laparoscopic group (14.7% versus 35.0%, p=0.035). Patients in the robotic group showed a low Clavien-Dindo score more frequently than those in the laparoscopic group (p=0.049). CONCLUSION: Robotic ISR is a safe and feasible procedure associated with a lower rate of narrow CRM and postoperative morbidity in spite of a longer operation time, compared with the laparoscopic approach. Prospective clinical trials with larger numbers of cases evaluating long-term oncologic and functional outcomes are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal , Demography , Laparoscopy , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms
20.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 228-234, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With extended life expectancy, the mean age of patients at the time of diagnosis of colorectal cancer and its treatment, including radical resection, is increasing gradually. We aimed to evaluate the impact of age on postoperative clinical outcomes after a laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancers. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Patients with primary colorectal malignancies or premalignant lesions who underwent laparoscopic colectomies between January 2009 and April 2013 were identified. Patients were divided into 6 groups by age using 70, 75, and 80 years as cutoffs: younger than 70, 70 or older, younger than 75, 75 or older, younger than 80, and 80 or older. Demographics, pathological parameters, and postoperative clinical outcomes, including postoperative morbidity, were compared between the younger and the older age groups. RESULTS: All 578 patients underwent a laparoscopic colorectal resection. The overall postoperative complication rate was 21.1% (n = 122). There were 4 cases of operative mortality (0.7%). Postoperative complication rates were consistently higher in the older groups at all three cutoffs; however, only the comparison with a cutoff at 80 years showed a statistically significant difference between the younger and the older groups. CONCLUSION: Age over 80 is a possible risk factor for postoperative morbidity after a laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Demography , Diagnosis , Laparoscopy , Life Expectancy , Mortality , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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