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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E515-E520, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862378

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by joint pain and stiffness, which predisposes to the elderly. The onset of OA is slow, the course of disease is long, and the early clinical manifestations and histological changes are not obvious, which limits the early diagnosis and treatment of the disease. The micro-structure of articular cartilage determines the macro-mechanical properties of cartilage. The micro-structure of articular cartilage changes in a depth-dependent manner, which makes the mechanical properties of cartilage also depth-dependent. From superficial to deep areas of cartilage, the anti-load and anti-deformation ability of cartilage increases gradually. However, with development of the disease, the change of cartilage micro-structure leads to the decrease in load resistance and deformation resistance of OA cartilage. Therefore, the mechanical properties of articular cartilage can be inferred by detecting the micro-structure of articular cartilage. On the other hand, the mechanical properties of articular cartilage can be used to understand the micro-changes of cartilage, which is helpful to understand OA development and facilitate early diagnosis of the disease. This paper reviewed the recent research literatures on mechanical properties of articular cartilage under normal and acute or chronic injuries, and elaborated the relationship between the structure and mechanical properties of articular cartilage, which further provided the theoretical basis for the OA development, early diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798758

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 in cognitive impairment induced by neuronal damage.@*Methods@#Western blot and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect microglia activation, inflammatory factor expression and neuronal damage after gp120 treatment. Neuronal damage and neurocognitive performance in gp120-transgenic mice were evaluated using immunohistochemical staining and behavioral analysis, respectively.@*Results@#In vivo and in vitro experiments showed that HIV-1 gp120 significantly induced the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β, and indirectly caused neuronal synaptic shortening and neuronal damage (P<0.05). Compared with wild-type mice, gp120-transgenic mice showed significant cortical and hippocampal glial activation, neuronal loss, dendritic damage and neurocognitive disorders.@*Conclusions@#HIV-1 gp120 might cause neuronal damage through activating the release of inflammatory factor by microglia and involve in neurocognitive impairment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HIV-1 gp120 transgenic mouse model (gp120) with 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (7nAChR) gene knockout.@*METHODS@#The 7nAChR gene knockout mice (7R) were crossed with HIV-1gp120 transgenic mice (gp120) to generate F1 generation mice. We selected the F1 mice with the genotype of 7R/gp120 to mate to obtain the F2 mice. The genotypes of the F3 mice were identified by PCR, and the protein expressions in the double transgenic animal model was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. BV2 cells were treated with gp120 protein and 7nAChR inhibitor, and the expressions of IL-1β and TNF- were detected using ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The results of PCR showed the bands of the expected size in F3 mice. Two F3 mice with successful double gene editing (7R/gp120) were obtained, and immunohistochemistry showed that the brain tissue of the mice did not express 7 nAChR but with high gp120 protein expression. In the cell experiment, treatment with gp120 promoted the secretion of IL-1β and TNF- in BV2 cells, while inhibition of 7nAChR significantly decreased the expression of IL-1β and TNF- ( < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#By mating gp120 Tg mice with 7R mice, we obtained gp120 transgenic mice with 7nAChR gene deletion, which serve as a new animal model for exploring the role of 7nAChR in gp120-induced neurotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Glycoproteins , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Transgenic , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HIV-1 gp120 transgenic mice (gp120 Tg) with vimentin (VIM) gene knockout.@*METHODS@#Female HIV-1 gp120 Tg mice were mated to VIM heterozygote mice (F0). All the offspring mice were derived from these original founders so that both genotypes had the same mixed genetic background. The F1 mice were bred to generate of VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. PCR was performed for genotyping of the mice, and the expressions of VIM and gp120 in the brain tissues were examined using immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#The results of PCR showed the presence of the target bands in VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. In VIM/gp120 Tg mice, gp120 expression was detected throughout the brain regions while no VIM expression was detected.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We generated gp120 transgenic mouse models with VIM gene knockout, which facilitate the exploration of the role of VIM in gp120-induced neurotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Disease Models, Animal , Female , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , HIV-1 , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Transgenic , Vimentin
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 488-498, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827038

ABSTRACT

Primary cilium, widely distributed in mammalian central nervous system, is an important extracellular organelle of cells. The primary cilia contain a variety of ion channels, G-protein coupled receptors and different kinds of kinases, which indicates that primary cilia can detect extracellular signals and transduce them into cells to regulate various cellular and physiological processes. In humans, mutations of genes related to structure and function of primary cilia always cause various monogenetic diseases. Moreover, a series of neuropsychiatric diseases and neurodevelopmental dysplasia are caused by abnormal functions of G-protein coupled receptors, kinases and ion channels in primary cilia. This article reviews recent research progress on the role of primary cilia in related neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Central Nervous System , Cilia , Humans , Ion Channels , Nervous System Diseases , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787692

ABSTRACT

African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease of pigs caused by African swine fever virus (ASFV), which is considered to be the No. 1 killer to the global pig industry. Highly virulent strains are usually responsible for the peracute and acute forms that provoke high mortality rates that may reach 100%. Since ASF was first introduced in August 2018 into China, 137 outbreaks in domestic and wild pigs had been reported from 32 provinces by June 06, 2019, causing severe socioeconomic consequences. Efforts to develop an ASFV vaccine began in the 1960s, but all failed, the major reason is the lack of in-depth research on the biological characteristics of ASFV. It will be a great challenge for China to control the spread of current ASF, develop safe and effective vaccines. In this review, we outline the biological characteristics of ASFV, including its morphology and basic structure, transmission routes, pathogenicity, genome and proteins, entry mechanism, immune escape, and analyzed the difficulties in vaccine development. We hope to provide basic information for the control of current ASF and understanding of etiology in China.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To quantitatively analyze the changes of Staphylococcus aureus in different processed products of Angelicae Sinensis Radix. Method:The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction method (Real-time PCR) was established to quantitatively analyze S. aureus in Angelicae Sinensis Radix decoction pieces which bought from different producing areas, different enterprises and different storage time. The fluorescence quantitative reaction system was SYBR Premix Ex Taq Ⅱ of 10 μL, each of forward primer and reverse primer (10 μmol·L-1) of 0.8 μL, template/genome DNA of 1 μL, double distilled water of 7.4 μL. The reaction conditions of the fluorescence quantitative amplification curve were pre-denaturing for 30 s at 94 ℃, denaturing for 10 s at 94 ℃, annealing for 12 s at 60 ℃, extensing for 30 s at 72 ℃, cycling 45 times, single-point detection signal at 72 ℃. The melting curve was made from 72 ℃, and the step temperature of 0.5 ℃ was kept for 15 s to collect fluorescence. According to the results of Real-time PCR, representative samples were selected from Angelicae Sinensis Radix decoction pieces for comparison between plate counting method and Real-time PCR. Result:The content of S. aureus in different processed products was sorted by rank of raw Angelicae Sinensis Radix>soil-fried Angelicae Sinensis Radix>wine-processed Angelicae Sinensis Radix. The content of S. aureus was the lowest in the samples from Weiyuan area of Gansu province by comparing with other producing areas. Compared with the retail enterprises, the content of S. aureus in raw products and wine-processed products from production and sale enterprises was lower. Different storage time had certain effect on the content of S. aureus in raw products and wine-processed products, and the content of S. aureus increased with the increase of storage time. The detection results of plate counting method were 3-4 orders of magnitude lower than that of Real-time PCR. Conclusion:The established Real-time PCR is superior to plate counting method in specificity, sensitivity, reliability and reporting period, which can provide an effective method for rapid and accurate quantitative detection of S. aureus in different processed products of Angelicae Sinensis Radix.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868848

ABSTRACT

In the recent years, the damage of the spleen has been increased due to trauma or neoplastic diseases. Traditional view holds the point that the damaged spleen should be completely removed, but with the development of spleen surgery, the important physiological function of the spleen has been widely recognized, and partial splenectomy has been well recognized by the surgeons. This paper summarized the clinical experience in partial splenectomy and raised some technical points.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864458

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of the elderly patients with fragility fracture were analyzed, the concept of orthogeriatrics care was expounded, and the research progress of the care mode of the elderly patients with fragility fracture were summarized, so as to provide reference for the clinical practice of the elderly orthopedic department and the training of specialized nurses in China.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845185

ABSTRACT

Endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndoMT)is a pathophysiological progress that endothelial cells lose their specific phenotype,function and morphology and gradually transform to mesenchymal cells under the effect of certain stimulating factors. More and more researches have shown that EndoMT plays a key role in the occurrence and development as well as the invasion and metastasis of glioma. This paper reviews the EndoMT-related signaling pathways and their important effect on the angiogenesis,invasion,metastasis,immunosuppression and the drug resistance of glioma. Meanwhile, strategies for the EndoMT-targeted therapy are also summarized, so as to provide a reference for related studies and clinical treatment of glioma.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect of SBi4211 (heptamidine), an inhibitor of S100B, against central nervous system injury induced by HIV-1 envelope protein gp120.@*METHODS@#In an @*RESULTS@#In the cell co-culture system, SBi4211 treatment significantly inhibited gp120-induced expression of S100B, RAGE and GFAP in U251 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#SBi4211 can protect neurons from gp120-induced neurotoxicity possibly by inhibiting the S100B/ RAGE-mediated signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes , Blotting, Western , Central Nervous System , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , Mice , Neurons , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824821

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 in cognitive im-pairment induced by neuronal damage. Methods Western blot and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect microglia activation, inflammatory factor expression and neuronal damage after gp120 treatment. Neu-ronal damage and neurocognitive performance in gp120-transgenic mice were evaluated using immunohisto-chemical staining and behavioral analysis, respectively. Results In vivo and in vitro experiments showed that HIV-1 gp120 significantly induced the expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β, and indirectly caused neuro-nal synaptic shortening and neuronal damage (P<0. 05). Compared with wild-type mice, gp120-transgenic mice showed significant cortical and hippocampal glial activation, neuronal loss, dendritic damage and neu-rocognitive disorders. Conclusions HIV-1 gp120 might cause neuronal damage through activating the re-lease of inflammatory factor by microglia and involve in neurocognitive impairment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the changes in the endoplasmic reticulum stress in the spinal cord of rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP).@*Methods@#Clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 120-160 g, were fed a high-fat and high-glucose diet for 8 weeks, then diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin 35 mg/kg and confirmed by blood glucose level >16.7 mmol/L 3 days later.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at day 14 after injection.The establishment of DNP model was considered successful when MWT and TWL were lower than 85% of the baseline value.Fifteen rats in which the DNP model was successfully established served as DNP group, 15 rats in which the DNP model was not successfully established served as non-NDNP group (NDNP), and another 15 normal rats were selected and served as control group (group C). The MWT and TWL were measured at 3, 7 and 14 days after successful establishment of the model.The rats were then sacrificed, and the lumbar enlargement segments (L4-6) of the spinal cord were harvested to detect the expression of inositol-requiring enzyme-1α, phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) and Beclin1 by Western blot.@*Results@#Compared with C and NDNP groups, the MWT was significantly decreased and the TWL was shortened at 3, 7 and 14 days after successful establishment of the model, and the expression of inositol-requiring enzyme-1α, p-JNK and Beclin1 was up-regulated in DNP group (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The mechanism of development and maintenance of DNP may be related to aggravated endoplasmic reticulum stress in the spinal cord and to autophagy induced by up-regulated expression of p-JNK in rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801820

ABSTRACT

Shengmai San was first recorded in Medical Origin and Insights, a medical book written by ZHANG Yuan\|su. Shengmai San composed of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Ophiopogonis Radix and Schiandrae Chinensisin Fructus. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma as the monarch drug in the prescription has effects in invigorating vigour potently, and promoting production of body fluid to quench thirst. Ophiopogonis Radix as a sweet-cold minister drug has effects in nourishing yin, clearing heat and generating fluid and moistening lung to stop cough in the prescription. Both medicines are combined to have a good effect in replenishing Qi. Schiandrae Chinensisin Fructus is an adjuvant medicine, with effects in acid astringency, retaining Yin with astringent and hidroschesis. Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma has effects in strengthening the healthy energy, and Ophiopogonis Radix has a effect in retaining yin with astringent. It is a classic prescription for treating deficiency of Qi and Yin. With the in-depth research of modern medical experts, it is found that Shengmai San not only has a significant therapeutic effect on cardiovascular diseases, central nervous system diseases and endocrine system diseases, but also a good effect on digestive system diseases, immune system and hematopoietic system diseases and shock. As China's aging population, irregular diet and other problems become increasingly serious, the incidences of cardiovascular diseases, senile dementia, cerebral infarction, diabetes, liver dysfunction and other diseases have become higher and younger, which is a serious threat to human health. Therefore, by consulting a large number of domestic literatures, the authors respectively elaborated the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Shengmai San and its modified prescriptions on the above diseases, with the aim to reveal the target and mechanism of this prescription on the above diseases, provide theoretical basis for better treatment of the above diseases and promote the clinical application of this prescription. In addition, it provides reference ideas for the research of other classical famous formula.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773233

ABSTRACT

Ten batches of Angelica sinensis from three producing areas( Tuoxiang,Minxian and Weiyuan of Gansu province) were selected as the research objects,and processed into raw A. sinensis,A. sinensis with alcohol,and A. sinensis with soil respectively through the standard processing methods. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) was used to establish fingerprint for three processed products of A. sinensis,and determine the contents of 9 phenolic acids and phthalide compounds. The similarity was analyzed with Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine,which showed that the chromatographic peaks of the same processed samples of A. sinensis were basically similar,with all similarities greater than 0. 950. The difference between different processed products and their control spectra was not obvious,with all similarities also higher than 0. 950.On the basis of using principal component analysis( PCA) and OPLS-DA to seek the difference components between groups,the improved distance coefficient method can be used to effectively distinguish the three processed products of A. sinensis by fingerprint similarity. At the same time,the determination method of nine phenolic acids and phthalide in A. sinensis was established by UPLC,and the comparison between different processed products was carried out. The results showed that the content of various components was changed as compared with the raw A. sinensis. The contents of coniferyl ferulate and ligustilide in the A. sinensis with alcohol were increased significantly,and the content of coniferyl ferulate was obviously increased in A. sinensis with soil. The method established in this paper can effectively distinguish different processed products of A. sinensis and determine the content of the main components in them.


Subject(s)
4-Butyrolactone , Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , Benzofurans , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumaric Acids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hydroxybenzoates , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 265-271, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816800

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is a most common malignant tumor in the male urogenital system. Currently, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a bottleneck in the treatment of prostate cancer, which has a very poor prognosis, with a median survival of merely 12 months. Although androgen-deprivation therapy eliminates the majority of the androgens in circulation, CRPC patients adapt to low-level androgens by synthesizing intratumoral androgens or altering androgen receptors. This review summarizes the main ways of synthesizing testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the enzymes involved, and changes of the androgen level in different stages of CRPC. Blocking any one of the pathways of androgen biosynthesis is likely to upregulate another and lead to incomplete androgen elimination and consequently drug resistance. Therefore, identifying the pathways of androgen biosynthesis may provide an opportunity for the development of the drugs for blocking the major pathways of androgen and introtumoral androgen biosynthesis and antagonizing androgen receptors.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 67-70, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of short-term rehabilitation therapy based on exercise on lung function in coal workers' with pneumoconiosis(CWP). METHODS: A total of 74 CWP patients were divided into control group(32) and treatment group(42) by random number table method. The control group received routine treatment only. The treatment group underwent 6 months of exercise-based rehabilitation treatment on the basis of routine treatment. The lung function was assessed in two groups to evaluate the treatment efficacy. RESULTS: Before rehabilitation treatment, the vital capacity(VC) and forced vital capacity(FVC) of patients in the treatment group were lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in forced expiratory volume in first second(FEV_(1.0)) and FEV_(1.0)% between the two groups(P>0.05). After treatment, VC and FVC in the treatment group were higher than that before treatment in the same group(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the four lung function indexes before and after treatment in the control group(P>0.05). The difference of VC and FVC before and after treatment in the treatment group was higher than those in the control group(P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference in FEV_(1.0 )and FEV_(1.0)% between the two groups before and after treatment(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Exercise-based short-term rehabilitation therapy can improve lung ventilation of CWP patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824624

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes in the endoplasmic reticulum stress in the spinal cord of rats with diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP).Methods Clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 120-160 g,were fed a high-fat and high-glucose diet for 8 weeks,then diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin 35 mg/kg and confirmed by blood glucose level >16.7 mmol/L 3 days later.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at day 14 after injection.The establishment of DNP model was considered successful when MWT and TWL were lower than 85% of the baseline value.Fifteen rats in which the DNP model was successfully established served as DNP group,15 rats in which the DNP model was not successfully established served as non-NDNP group (NDNP),and another 15 normal rats were selected and served as control group (group C).The MWT and TWL were measured at 3,7 and 14 days after successful establishment of the model.The rats were then sacrificed,and the lumbar enlargement segments (L4-6) of the spinal cord were harvested to detect the expression of inositol-requiring enzyme-1 α,phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) and Beclin1 by Western blot.Results Compared with C and NDNP groups,the MWT was significantly decreased and the TWL was shortened at 3,7 and 14 days after successful establishment of the model,and the expression of inositol-requiring enzyme-1α,p-JNK and Beclin1 was up-regulated in DNP group (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism of development and maintenance of DNP may be related to aggravated endoplasmic reticulum stress in the spinal cord and to autophagy induced by up-regulated expression of p-JNK in rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709731

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of resuscitation with hypertonic sodium chloride hydroxyethyl starch 40 injection (HSH40) mixed with suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) on oxidative stress responses of lung tissues and histone acetylation in a rat model of lethal hemorrhagic shock after entering high altitude for the first time.Methods Forty-five healthy male Wistar rats,aged 3-4 months,weighing 250-300 g,were transported from the breeding area at altitude 1500 m to the experimental area at altitude 3 780 m.The rats were divided into 3 groups (n=15 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group Sham),hemorrhagic shock group (group HS),and resuscitation with HSH40 mixed with SAHA group (group HSH/SAHA).Lethal hemorrhagic shock was induced by removing 40% of blood volume from the left femoral artery at a constant speed within 10 min,followed by removing 15% of blood volume from the right femoral vein at a constant speed within 50 min.Only cannulation was performed,and the rats received no blood letting or resuscitation in group Sham.The animals were resuscitated via the right femoral artery after successful establishment of the model,SAHA 7.5/Kg dissolved in HSH40 4 ml/kg was infused within 5 min in group HSH+SAHA.Immediately before blood letting,immediately after blood letting and at 3 h after resuscitation (at the time of death for the rats survived less than 3 h),arterial blood samples were obtained for blood gas analysis,and pH value,partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2),partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) were recorded.The rats were sacrificed after blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta at 3 h after resuscitation (at the time of death for the rats died within 3 h after resuscitation),and lungs were removed for examination of the pathologic changes which were scored (with a light microscope) and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio),activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and expression of histone H3 acetylation at lysine 9 (Ac-H3K9) in lung tissues (by Western blot).Results Compared with group Sham,the lung injury score,W/D ratio and content of MDA were significantly increased,and the activity of SOD was decreased in HS and HSH+SAHA groups,pH value and PaCO2 were significantly decreased and PaO2 and SaO2 were increased immediately after blood letting and at 3 h after resuscitation in group HS,and PaO2 and SaO2 were significantly increased immediately after blood letting and at 3 h after resuscitation,pH value and PaCO2 were decreased immediately after blood letting,and the expression of Ac-H3K9 was up-regulated in group HSH+SAHA (P<0.05).Compared with group HS,pH value,PaCO2,PaO2 and SaO2 were significantly increased at 3 h after resuscitation,the lung injury score,W/D ratio and content of MDA were decreased,the activity of SOD was increased,and the expression of Ac-H3K9 was up-regulated in group HSH+SAHA (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which resuscitation with HSH40 mixed with SAHA exerts lung protection may be related to inhibiting oxidative stress responses and histone acetylation in lung tissues in a rat model of lethal hemorrhagic shock after entering high altitude for the first time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709693

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of thioredoxin?interacting protein(TXNIP)∕oligomer?ization domain?like receptor family pyrin domain?containing 3(NLRP3)signaling pathway in renal ische?mia?reperfusion(I∕R)injury in diabetic rats. Methods Pathogen?free healthy male Sprague?Dawley rats, aged 8-12 weeks, weighing 200-220 g, were used in the study. Diabetes mellitus was induced by intrap?eritoneal injection of 1% streptozotocin 65 mg∕kg and confirmed by blood glucose≥16.7 mmol∕L 3 days lat?er. Twenty?four diabetic rats were divided into 3 groups(n=8 each)using a random number table: sham operation group(group S), renal I∕R group(group I∕R)and resveratrol(TXNIP inhibitor)group (group R). Resveratrol 10 mg∕kg was intraperitoneally injected every day for 7 consecutive days starting from 3rd week after successful establishment of the model in group R. At 4th week after successful establish?ment of the model, renal I∕R was produced by occlusion of bilateral renal pedicles for 25 min followed by reperfusion in anesthetized rats in group R. The animals were sacrificed at 48 h of reperfusion, and renal specimens were obtained for microscopic examination of pathologic changes and for measurement of malondi?aldehyde(MDA)content, superoxide dismutase(SOD)activity and superoxide anion scavenging capa?bility(using colorimetric method), interleukin?1beta(IL?1β)and IL?18 contents(by enzyme?linked immunosorbent assay), cell apoptosis(using TUNEL)and expression of TXNIP, NLRP3 and caspase?1 in renal tissues(using Western blot). Blood samples were obtained from the left ventricle for determination of serum urea nitrogen(BUN)and creatinine(Cr)concentrations. Results Compared with group S, the serum Cr concentration and apoptosis index were significantly increased, superoxide anion scavenging capability in renal tissues was decreased, and the expression of TXNIP, NLRP3 and caspase?1 was up?reg?ulated in I∕R and R groups, and the serum BUN concentration and contents of MDA, IL?1β and IL?18 in renal tissues were increased, the SOD activity was decreased(P<0.05), and the pathological changes of renal tissues were aggravated in group I∕R. Compared with group I∕R, the serum BUN and Cr concentra?tions were significantly decreased, the contents of MDA, IL?1β and IL?18 and apoptosis index were de?creased, the SOD activity and superoxide anion scavenging capability were increased, the expression of TXNIP, NLRP3 and caspase?1 was down?regulated(P<0.05), and the pathological changes of renal tis?sues were significantly attenuated in group R. Conclusion The pathophysiological mechanism of renal I∕R injury is associated with the activation of TXNIP∕NLRP3 signaling pathway in diabetic rats.

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