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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921721

ABSTRACT

Real world study(RWS) refers to the process of collecting real world data related to the health of research subjects in the real world environment for pre-set clinical problems and obtaining the status of drug use and potential benefits/risks through analysis. The data are derived from the hospital information system(HIS), medical insurance system, disease registration system, adverse drug reaction monitoring system, etc. Human use experience of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a new concept put forward by experts after summarizing the problems existing in clinical trials of new TCM drugs. The data come partially from the real world, and more importantly, such key elements as the formulated prescriptions of new TCM drugs, principles and methods, and clinical applications should be covered. RWS is mainly used for adverse drug reaction monitoring after marketing, benefit evaluation of listed drugs, decision-making of medical treatment and medical insurance, as well as supervision and approval of special medical devices and special drugs. It is complementary to randomized controlled clinical trials. Human use experience is suitable for the research and development of Chinese medicinal compound preparations and the expansion of functions and indications. There are no special provisions for clinical indications and target population. There exists a sequential relationship between the human use experience and clinical trials. Specifi-cally, the summarization of human use experience provides good support for the design and implementation of clinical trials, which is an important segment in the research and development of new TCM drugs. The correlation between real-world data and research results and their reliability should be ensured in RWS, and the unreality should be avoided. The key to summarizing the human use experience is to identify the clinical orientation, target population, course of treatment, usage and dosage of new TCM drugs, and it should be noted that human use experience does not only mean clinical experience. Experimental clinical trial(PCT), a type of study in the real world, has been commonly employed for the summary of human use experience. RWS and human use experience are different research designs targeting different clinical questions in the research and development of new TCM drugs, which can be flexibly selected depending on the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Reproducibility of Results , Research
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879081

ABSTRACT

At present, the issues regarding multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) remain: the lack of agreement on the content and scope of the ethical review among the ethics committee members of the center and the participating units results in repeated review, which leads to a time-consuming ethical review process. Moreover, the review capabilities of the ethics committees of various research centers are uneven, which is not necessarily beneficial to the protection of subjects' rights and safety. In view of the existing problems, to improve the efficiency of ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM and avoid repeated reviews, the TCM Clinical Evaluation Professional Committee of Chinese Pharmaceutical Association organized experts to formulate the "Consensus on collaborative ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM(version 1.0)"(hereinafter referred to as "Consensus"). The "Consensus" is formulated in accordance with the requirements of relevant documents such as but not limited to "the opinions on deepening the reform of the evaluation and approval system to encourage the innovation of pharmaceutical medical devices", "the regulations of ethical review of biomedical research involving human subjects". The "Consensus" covers the scope of application, formulation principles, conditions for the ethics committee of the center, sharing of ethical review resources, scope and procedure of collaborative review, rights and obligations, etc. The aims of the "Consensus" is to preliminarily explore and establish a scientific and operable ethical review procedure. Additionally, on the basis of fully protecting the rights and interests of the subjects, a collaborative ethical review agreement needs to be signed to clarify the ethical review responsibilities of all parties, to avoid repeated review, and to improve the efficiency and quality of ethical review in multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Clinical Trials as Topic , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethical Review , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pharmaceutical Preparations
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879078

ABSTRACT

Collecting and summarizing human use experience(HUE) data, forming high-quality data and evidences that can be used for evaluation are the key links of HUE research on traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The collection, collation and summary of human experience data were discussed in this paper. It is pointed out that the collection of HUE should be focus on the source of prescription of new traditional Chinese medicines, and be summarized based on dialectical thinking, experience in medication, characte-ristics of prescription and clinical application. The collected contents include prescription, process, clinical location and applicable population, efficacy data and safety data, etc. The methods include interview, clinical data summary and data mining. When the data formed based on HUE information is used as drug registration information, it is necessary to ensure that the data source is legal and compliant, and the ownership of intellectual property is clear.Data sources should meet the requirements of medical ethics. To avoid conflict of interest, data analysis should be conducted by an independent third party. It is necessary to develop the quality control measures of HUE data to ensure the data traceability, integrity, consistency and accuracy, and avoid data bias.The data of HUE should include the key data such as accurate clinical location and applicable population, recognized clinical efficacy and safety.After the formation of HUE, the statistical analysis plan of empirical data of human use should be formulated. Through strict data processing, statistical analysis and clinical interpretation, HUE can be produced for evaluation.


Subject(s)
Data Collection , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics and management of the emergency patients with orthopaedic trauma during COVID-19 epidemic.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the 32 emergency inpatients at Department of Orthopedics, Nanfang Hospital from January 20 to February 26, 2020. They were 23 males and 9 females, aged from 4 to 66 years (mean, 35 years). The causes for their injury included traffic accident in 14 cases, sharp cutting (e.g. by a kitchen knife) in 6 cases, heavy object crushing in one, machine crushing in one, fall in 2, and machine twisting in one. High energy injury occurred in 13 cases and low-energy injury in 9 cases. The injury involved the upper limb in 7 cases and the lower limb in 15 cases. Grade Ⅱ protection was adopted during the diagnosis and treatment for the one emergency patient who had not undergone nucleic acid screening for 2019-nCoV while grade Ⅰ protection for the other 21 patients. 2019-nCoV infection was recorded in the patients and medical staff as well. The measures and experience were reviewed in the management of orthopaedic emergencies during the COVID-19 epidemic.Results:During the diagnosis and treatment of 22 emergency patients with orthopaedic trauma, none of the medical staff or patients was infected with COVID-19. As the one emergency patient was treated as a suspected case and protected by grade Ⅱ measures, COVID-19 infection was ruled out after surgery.Conclusions:During the COVID-19 epidemic, front-line medical staff dealing with traumatic emergencies faced a higher risk of infection. The emergency orthopaedic traumas were mainly caused by a traffic accident or a machine, and those in the elderly patients by a sharp cutting or a fall. The incidence of COVID-19 infection could be reduced by COVID-19 screening before admission, appropriate anesthesia and surgical methods, protection of perioperative medical staff, postoperative wards care and psychological counseling.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in the treatment of children with myasthenia gravis (MG).@*METHODS@#A total of 28 children with MG were treated with tacrolimus. MG-Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) scale was used to assess clinical outcome and safety after 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After tacrolimus treatment, the MG-ADL score at 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months was lower than that at baseline (P<0.05), and the MG-ADL score showed a gradually decreasing trend. The response rates to tacrolimus treatment at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months were 59%, 81%, 84%, 88%, and 88% respectively. At 6, 9, 12, and 18 months of treatment, 4, 13, 14, and 15 children respectively were withdrawn from prednisone. No recurrence was observed during treatment. Major adverse reactions/events were asymptomatic reduction in blood magnesium in 5 children and positive urine occult blood in 1 child, which turned negative without special treatment, and tacrolimus was not stopped due to such adverse reactions/events. One child was withdrawn from tacrolimus due to recurrent vomiting. According to CYP3A5 genotypes, all of the patients were divided into two groups: slow metabolic type (n=19) and non-slow metabolic type (fast metabolic type + intermediate type; n=9). The non-slow metabolism group received a higher dose of tacrolimus, but had a lower trough concentration of tacrolimus than the slow metabolism group (P<0.05). The slow metabolism group had a higher response rates to tacrolimus treatment than the non-slow metabolism group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Tacrolimus appears to be effective and safe in the treatment of children with MG and is thus an option for immunosuppressive therapy. CYP3A5 genotyping has a certain guiding significance for determining the dosage of tacrolimus.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Child , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Myasthenia Gravis , Drug Therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Tacrolimus , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745144

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value in the diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia( FNH) by combining micro-flow imaging ( MFI) and color Doppler flow imaging ( CDFI) . Methods A total of 32 patients with 32 FNH lesions were enrolled in this study . Each patient underwent CDFI ,MFI ,and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography ( CEUS ) examinations . The differences in the grade and characteristic distribution of blood flow in FNH were compared between CDFI and MFI . The results were further compared with CEUS . Results There was a significant difference between MFI and CDFI in detecting the blood flow in FNH . Twenty-six cases (81 .3% ) were detected with blood flow of grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ by MFI , however , 18 cases ( 56 .3% ) were detected of grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ by CDFI ( P = 0 .000) . A total of 12 (37 .5% ) lesions were correctly showed spoke-wheel arterial flow peculiar by CDFI ,whereas the number increased to 23(71 .9% ) in combination with MFI( P = 0 .013) . Conclusions In combination with MFI , CDFI can reveal more blood flow and detect more sensitively in FNH ,which helps to diagnose FNH . To a certain degree ,it can be applied to reduce the use of CEUS .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817859

ABSTRACT

The transthoracic echocardiography(TTE)plays a critical role in the diagnosis and evaluation of pediatric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(HCM),and is currently recognized as the first choice in investigation of HCM. Comprehensive TTE is recommended in all children suspected with HCM. To meet the criteria of diagnosis of HCM,the left ventricular wall thickness at any or more segments of left ventricular myocardium should be greater than the predicted mean plus two standard deviations. In the meanwhile,other diseases,such as hypertension,valvular diseases and aortic diseases,which could contribute to increased cardiac load,should be excluded. Besides the measurement of the thickness of the hypertrophic ventricular wall,we should also pay attention to the description of myocardial morphology,myocardial echo intensity,uniformity,and outflow tract obstruction. It is also necessary to assess ventricular size and general systolic and diastolic function,and apply advanced techniques to evaluate myocardial function in order to fully assess the state of the disease or to make differential diagnosis. In addition,echocardiography also has a wide range of application prospects in the treatment of HCM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817752

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate a new method for assessing the intrauterine adhesion(IUA)by three- dimensional(3D) endometrial area imaging. 【Methods】 A total of 121 women with suspected IUA or tubal factor infertility undergoing hysteroscopy were enrolled in this retrospective study. The patients were divided into two groups :those with IUA and those without IUA. The endometrial area cutoff point was calculated to classify the patients with IUA into mild , moderate ,and severe subgroups according to their AFS classification. 【Results】 When IUA were diagnosed based on the endometrial area,the area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was 0.839,the cutoff point was 4.23 cm2,the sensitivity was 0.86,and the specificity was 0.74,the diagnostic efficiency is 76.03%. We further classified IUA into mild,moderate,and severe groups based on the endometrium area as follows:mild IUA(4.02,4.23]cm2,moderate IUA(3.23 ,4.02]cm2 ,and severe IUA≤3.23 cm2. The incidence rate of IUA increased by 30.6% for each one-unit decrease in abortive gestational age and increased by 18.9% for each one-unit decrease in endometrial area.【Conclusion】3D endometrial area imaging is a simple and fast tool for IUA diagnosis and severity assessment,providing a new diagnosis method for gynaecologists to assess IUA.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 149-153, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Te analyze the problems of clinical use in pediatric drug in China, and to put forward related countermeasures and suggestions. METHODS: Using “children” and “pediatrics” as retrieval words, registered drug information were retrieved from the website of China Food and Drug Administration; the data of pediatric drug use prescription was retrieved from hospital prescription system of 9 hospitals; all drug information were retrieved from national drug data management system; off-label drug use investigation and the literatures of pediatric drug use in medical institutions (5 representative third grade general medical institutions) were retrieved from CNKI and Wanfang database. General information and problems of pediatric drug use in China were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 170 009 items of registered drug information were retrieved, including 2 784 drug information items labeled with ”children” or ”pediatrics”, accounting for 1.64%;320 000 drug prescriptions from hospital prescription system of 9 hospitals covered 22 treatment areas involving 1 186 drugs and 51 dosage forms. Only 10% suitable for children. The retrieval results of database showed that the incidence of children off-label drug use in outpatients prescriptions of 5 hospitals was in high level, mainly manifesting as without the information of pediatric drug use, hyper-indication drug use, hyper-dosage drug use. There were many problems in clinical pediatric drug use in China, such as less variety for children, single dosage form and specification, widespread off-label drug use, lack of scientific reference for drug use, difficulty in developing pediatric drug clinical trials, etc. CONCLUSIONS: Although the policies to protect children’s clinical drug use have been introduced in China, the problems facing children’s clinical drug use in China are still very serious. While further implementing relevant policies, it is necessary to establish a linkage management system led by government departments, with the full participation and mutual cooperation of society, enterprises, medical institutions and patients so as to guaratee the safety of pediatric drug use in clinic.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707656

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the imaging features of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). Methods The imaging features of pathologically proved hepatic EAML lesions in 17 patients who had undergone baseline ultrasound and CEUS examinations were evaluated retrospectively. Results All of the cases were single lesion.70.6% (12/17) of the lesions were hypoechoic on ultrasound and 82.4% (14/17) of the lesions were heterogeneous.Flow signals were detected in 88.2% (15/17) of the lesions and 82.4% (14/17) of the lesions showed ringlike or arc arterials peripherally on color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI).The value of RI was 0.38-0.56.On CEUS,all lesions exhibited remarkable hyperenhancement in the arterial phase. 29.4% (5/17) of the lesions showed branched enhancement,70.6% (12/17) of the lesions showed diffusely entire enhancement.Strong ring-like enhancement peripherally was detected in 29.4% (5/17) of the lesions.88.2% (15/17) of the lesions were detected homogeneously enhancement during the peak period on CEUS. Washout of contrast agent and hypoechogenicity to surrounding liver tissue during portal or late phase were observed in 41.2% (7/17) and 64.7% (11/17) of the cases retrospectively.Conclusions The combination of real-time CEUS and baseline US can improve the correct diagnosis of hepatic EAML.

12.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 539-542,546, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the measurement uncertainty in the determination of dexamethasone in cosmetics by ultra per-formance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Methods: The uncertainty caused by various factors in the whole determination process was analyzed,including weighing,standard solution preparation,calibration fitting,extraction and de-termination. Results:The combined uncertainty in the determination of dexamethasone in cosmetics was 0.75 μg·g-1and the ex-panded uncertainty was 1.5 μg·g-1. The content of dexamethasone in cosmetics was(20.4 ± 1.5) μg·g-1(k=2,confidence inter-val p=95%). Conclusion:The uncertainty of the method is mainly caused by standard solution preparation and calibration fitting.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806984

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and summarize the ultrasonographic features of fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLHCC).@*Methods@#The ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed in 23 FLHCC cases which were confirmed by pathology, including the size, echogenicity, boundary and other features on gray scale ultrasound, color Doppler flow imaging and enhancement patterns on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).@*Results@#Twenty-three patients had 23 lesions of FLHCC. The average age was (40.0±17.1) (15-77) years old and among them 3 cases had liver cirrhosis(13.0%). The maximum diameter of FLHCC lesions was 2.5-16.7 cm and the average was (7.2±4.3)cm. On gray scale ultrasound, 82.6% (19/23) lesions were hypoechoic, 78.3% (18/23) lesions showed cord-like or sheet-like hyperechoic area and 47.8% (11/23) lesions displayed strip-like echogenic attenuation in the center, with calcification in 17.4% (4/23) lesions. There were 91.3% (21/23) lesions showed peripheral and internal rich color flow signals on color Doppler flow imaging and 60.9% (14/23) with subcapsular thick blood vessels. All 8 FLHCC lesions displayed early and hyper-enhancement in the arterial phase and wash-out in the portal and delayed phases on CEUS. Internal nonenhanced scar-like area was appeared in all lesions on CEUS.@*Conclusions@#Patients with FLHCC are mostly young and few with liver cirrhosis. Ultrasonographic features are characterized by relatively large-sized mass with internal acoustic attenuation or calcification on gray scale ultrasound and hypervascularity with central scar on CEUS.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709803

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the current situation of the nurse anesthetists and their work situation in tertiary hospitals of Guangdong province and provide reference information for the standardization construction of perianesthesia nursing.Methods A self-designed questionnaire was used to survey the nurse anesthetists and their work situation in 53 tertiary hospitals in Guangdong province.Results There were 413 nurse anesthetists in total,and the setting rate of full-time head nurse in a department of anesthesiology was 32% in 53 tertiary hospitals of Guangdong province.The occupational titles were mainly the primary title,and the constituent ratio was 61.7%;the educational backgrounds were mainly bachelor's degree,and the constituent ratio was 62%;ages mainly ranged from 26 to 39,and the constituent ratio was 55.7%.The main working contents were management of anesthesia supplies (drugs,disposable materials,apparatus and equipment),nursing in postanesthesia care unit,and cooperation and nursing for the anesthesia practice inside or outside the operating room.Conclusion Nurse anesthetists in the tertiary hospitals in Guangdong province are young,and their work involves a wide range with complicated contents,an unbalanced development in different districts has occurred,and thus the standardization construction of perianesthesia nursing should be further strengthened.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707735

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of contrast-enhanced ultrasonagraphy(CEUS) of sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma ( SHC ) . Methods Fifteen lesions identified pathologically from 15 patients were included in this study . Among them ,9 lesions had completely sarcomatoid change and 6 lesions had partially sarcomatoid change . Totally 8 lesions were in the small size group with maximum diameter< 50 mm and 7 lesions in the big size group with maximum diameter ≥ 50 mm . The CEUS performance was observed and analyzed . Results In the arterial phase of CEUS ,9 lesions in the group with completely sarcomatoid change showed rim hyperenhancement and 6 lesions in the group with partially sarcomatoid change showed whole hyperenhancement , the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P < 0 .001 ) . However ,the difference of CEUS performance between small size group and big size group was not statistically significant ( P = 0 .608 ) , all the lesions showed hypoechogenecity in portal and(or) late phase of CEUS . Conclusions The difference of performance on CEUS is not related to the size of SHC ,but to the degree of sarcomatoid change within the tumor . SHC with completely sarcomatoid change shows rim hyperenhancement and SHC with partially sarcomatoid change shows entire hyperenhancement in arterial phase on CEUS .

16.
Ultrasonography ; : 288-297, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731056

ABSTRACT

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is widely used to evaluate tumor microcirculation, which is useful in the differential diagnosis between benignity and malignancy. In the last 10 years, the applicability of CEUS to thyroid nodules has greatly improved due to technological refinements and the development of second-generation contrast agents. In this review, we summarize the applications of CEUS for thyroid nodules, focusing on the imaging findings of malignant and benign nodules in the existing literature and the use of those findings to predict malignancies, with an additional brief description of the utilization of CEUS for other thyroid-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Microcirculation , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2823-2828, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324736

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is the least common cardiomyopathy in which the walls are rigid and the heart is restricted from stretching and filling properly. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) mutation-caused myofibril Ca2+ hypersensitivity has been shown to be associated with impaired diastolic function. This study aimed to investigate the linkage between the genotype and clinical therapy of RCM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five sporadic pediatric RCM patients confirmed by echocardiography were enrolled in this study. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed for the cohort to find out candidate causative gene variants. Sanger sequencing confirmed the WES-identified variants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TNNI3 variants were found in all of the five patients. R192H mutation was shared in four patients while R204H mutation was found only in one patient. Structure investigation showed that the C terminus of TNNI3 was flexible and mutation on the C terminus was possible to cause the RCM. Catechins were prescribed for the five patients once genotype was confirmed. Ventricular diastolic function was improved in three patients during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our data demonstrated that TNNI3 mutation-induced RCM1 is the most common type of pediatric RCM in this study. In addition, WES is a reliable approach to identify likely pathogenic genes of RCM and might be useful for the guidance of clinical treatment scheme.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610699

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the possibility of assessing portal hypertension in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis via contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and common serum markers.Methods Fifty-four patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were divided into two groups according to hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG):HVPG<12 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and HVPG ≥12 mmHg.The non-invasive index of routine blood test,liver function,coagulation function,Child-pugh score (CPS) and the results of contrast-enhanced ultrasound such as hepatic artery arrival time (HAAT),hepatic vein arrival time (HVAT)、portal vein arrival time (PVAT),hepatic artery to henatic vein arrive transmit time (HA-HVTT) and portal vein to hepatic vein arrive transmit time (PV-HVTT) were assessed by univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis,and then were used to generate a diagnostic model.The receiver operating characteristic curve was also used for analysis.Results The non-invasive model is Y =-0.217 × PV-HVTT + 1.526 × CPS-7.097.When the area under ROC curve (AUROC) was ≥0.857 and the best cutoff value was ≥0.631,and the sensitivity and specificity in judging HVPG≥ 12 mmHg were 87.5 % and 78.6%,respectively.Conclusions The model composed of PV-HVTT and CPS could be used to assess portal hypertension.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664531

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology .In our country , the number of Crohn's disease has increased dramatically in the past 20 years due to changes in living conditions ,diet,schedule and so on.This has attrac-ted the attention of medical workers and medical researchers .In recent years ,more and more studies have been made on the etiology ,clinical characterization,diagnosis and treatment techniques,and drug therapy of Crohn's disease.These findings enrich the understanding of Crohn's disease and promote the updating of the diagnosis and treatment of Crohn 's disease.In this paper, the research progress in the diagnosis of Crohn' s disease at home and abroad in recent years has been sorted out for reference by medical and related researchers .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695048

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammasome activation caused by albumin in renal tubulointerstitial cells.Methods Cathepsin B was detected by immunohistochemistry in renal biopsy tissue of 30 membranous nephropathy patients which had different levels of proteinuria.HK-2 cells were stimulated by albumin,and then were treated by high concentration KCl,CA 074 Me and DPI,which was Cathepsin B inhibitor and ROS inhibitor.Finally,IL-1β and IL-18 were detected by Western blot and real time PCR,respectively.Results The expression of Cathepsin B in tubulointerstitial cells was significantly higher in patients with severe proteinuria than that in patients with mild proteinuria (P < 0.05).CA 074 Me and DPI significantly reduced IL-1β and IL-18 secretion in HK-2 cells stimulated by albumin (P < 0.05),but high concentration KCl did not result in this change (P > 0.05).Conclusion NLRP3 inflammasome is activated via Cathepsin B release and increases ROS production caused by proteinuria,but not via K + efflux.

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