Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 693
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2280-2299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929398

ABSTRACT

Disturbance of macrophage-associated lipid metabolism plays a key role in atherosclerosis. Crosstalk between autophagy deficiency and inflammation response in foam cells (FCs) through epigenetic regulation is still poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that in macrophages, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) leads to abnormal crosstalk between autophagy and inflammation, thereby causing aberrant lipid metabolism mediated through a dysfunctional transcription factor EB (TFEB)-P300-bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) axis. ox-LDL led to macrophage autophagy deficiency along with TFEB cytoplasmic accumulation and increased reactive oxygen species generation. This activated P300 promoted BRD4 binding on the promoter regions of inflammatory genes, consequently contributing to inflammation with atherogenesis. Particularly, ox-LDL activated BRD4-dependent super-enhancer associated with liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) on the regulatory regions of inflammatory genes. Curcumin (Cur) prominently restored FCs autophagy by promoting TFEB nuclear translocation, optimizing lipid catabolism, and reducing inflammation. The consequences of P300 and BRD4 on super-enhancer formation and inflammatory response in FCs could be prevented by Cur. Furthermore, the anti-atherogenesis effect of Cur was inhibited by macrophage-specific Brd4 overexpression or Tfeb knock-out in Apoe knock-out mice via bone marrow transplantation. The findings identify a novel TFEB-P300-BRD4 axis and establish a new epigenetic paradigm by which Cur regulates autophagy, inhibits inflammation, and decreases lipid content.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 678-691, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929319

ABSTRACT

Aging-elevated DNMT3A R882H-driven clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is a risk factor for myeloid malignancies remission and overall survival. Although some studies were conducted to investigate this phenomenon, the exact mechanism is still under debate. In this study, we observed that DNMT3A R878H bone marrow cells (human allele: DNMT3A R882H) displayed enhanced reconstitution capacity in aged bone marrow milieu and upon inflammatory insult. DNMT3A R878H protects hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from the damage induced by chronic inflammation, especially TNFα insults. Mechanistically, we identified that RIPK1-RIPK3-MLKL-mediated necroptosis signaling was compromised in R878H cells in response to proliferation stress and TNFα insults. Briefly, we elucidated the molecular mechanism driving DNMT3A R878H-based clonal hematopoiesis, which raises clinical value for treating DNMT3A R882H-driven clonal hematopoiesis and myeloid malignancies with aging.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928957

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of mulberry twig alkaloids (Sangzhi alkaloids, SZ-A) for treatment of type 2 diabetes in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical trial.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients were randomized to receive SZ-A (n=100) or placebo (n=100) for 16 weeks. The data analysis system for electronic data capture clinical trial central randomization system was used for randomization and dispensing of drugs. The primary outcome was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level. The secondary outcome included the proportions of cases with HbA1c <7.0% and HbA1c <6.5%, fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), area under curve for the PBG (AUC0-2h), body weight, and body mass index (BMI). Adverse events (AEs), severe adverse events (SAEs), treatment-related adverse events (TAEs), gastrointestinal disorders (GDs), blood pressure, routine blood tests, and liver and kidney function were monitored.@*RESULTS@#Compared with baseline, the change of HbA1c at week 16 was -0.80% (95% CI: -0.98% to -0.62%) and -0.09% (95% CI: -0.27% to 0.09%) in SZ-A group and placebo group, respectively. The proportion of patients with HbA1c <7% and <6.5% was higher in the SZ-A group than in the placebo group (46.8% vs. 21.6% and 29.9% vs. 10.8%). The observed values and changes in FBG, 1 h-PBG, 2 h-PBG, and AUC0-2h differed significantly between groups (P<0.001), but differences were not significant in body weight and BMI (P>0.05). The incidence rates of AEs, TAEs, and GDs differed significantly between groups (P=0.010, P=0.005, and P=0.006, respectively), whereas the incidence rates of SAEs showed no significant differences between groups (P=1.000).@*CONCLUSION@#SZ-A are effective and safe for treatment of type 2 diabetes. The protocol was registered in http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=60117 (ChiCTR2000038550).


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Morus , Tablets/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 145-150, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928488

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The purpose of this study was to assess and compare elbow range of motion, triceps extension strength and functional results of type C (AO/OTA) distal humerus fractures treated with bilateral triceps tendon (BTT) approach and olecranon osteotomy (OO). At the same time, we are also trying to know whether BTT approach can provide sufficient vision for comminuted intra-articular fractures of the distal humerus, and whether it is convenient to convert to the treatment to total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) or OO.@*METHODS@#Patients treated with OO and BTT approaches for type C distal humerus fractures between July 2014 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria include: (1) patients' age were more than 18 years old, (2) follow-up was no less than 6 months, and (3) patients were diagnosed with type C fractures (based on the AO/OTA classification). Exclusion criteria include: (1) open fractures (Gustillo type 2 or type 3), (2) treated by other approaches, and (3) presented with combined injuries of ipsilateral upper extremities, such as ulnar nerve. Elbow range of motion and triceps extension strength testing were completely valuated, when the fractures had healed. Assessment of functional results using the Mayo elbow performance score and complications were conducted in final follow-up. The data were compared using the two tailed Student's t-test. All data were presented as mean ± standard deviation.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-six patients of type C distal humerus fractures, treated by OO and BTT approach were retrospectively reviewed between July 2014 and December 2017. Fifty-five distal humerus fractures (23 males and 32 females, mean age 52.7 years) treated by BTT approach or OO were included in this study. There were 10 fractures of type C1, 16 type C2 and 29 type C3 according to the AO/OTA classification. Patients were divided into two surgical approach groups chosen by the operators: BTT group (28 patients) and OO group (27 patients). And the mean follow-up time of all patients was 15.6 months (range, 6-36 months). Three cases in BTT group were converted to TEA, and one converted to OO. Only one case in BTT group presented poor articular reduction with a step more than 2 mm. There were not significantly different in functional outcomes according to the Mayo elbow performance score, operation time and extension flexion motion are values between BTT group and OO group (p > 0.05). Complications and reoperation rate were also similar in the two groups. Triceps manual muscle testing were no significant difference in the two groups, even subdivided in elder patients (aged >60 years old).@*CONCLUSION@#BTT is a safe approach to achieve similar functional result comparing with OO. BTT were not suitable for every case with severe comminuted pattern, but it avoids the potential complications related to OO, and has no complications concerning with triceps tendon. It is convenient for open reduction internal fixation and flexible to be converted to OO, as well as available to be converted to TEA in elder patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aged , Elbow Joint/injuries , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Comminuted , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Tendons , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated conservatively, a new classification of middle clavicle fracture was proposed, and the clinical effect of plastic splint in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture was observed.@*METHODS@#Total 73 patients with middle clavicle fracture treated with plastic splint from September 2018 to August 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were divided into 4 types according to the degree of fracture displacement. There were 16 cases of typeⅠ, including 7 males and 9 females, ranging in age from 18 to 37 years old, with a mean of (28.6±7.8) years old;12 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 1 case of severe disease. There were 16 cases of type Ⅱ, including 6 males and 10 females, ranging in age from 25 to 49 years old, with a mean of (37.3±9.4) years old;5 cases of mild disease, 8 cases of moderate disease and 3 cases of severe disease. There were 7 cases of type Ⅲ, including 4 males and 3 females, ranging in age from 33 to 57 years old;2 cases of mild disease, 3 cases of moderate disease and 2 cases of severe disease. There were 34 cases of type Ⅳ, including 16 males and 18 females, ranging in age from 48 to 82 years old, with a mean of(66.4±14.9) years old;7 cases of mild disease, 17 cases of moderate disease and 10 cases of severe disease. All patients received plastic splint external fixation for 4 weeks. Visual analgue scale (VAS) and Constant-Murley shoulder scores before treatment and 1, 3 and 9 months after treatment were observed and recorded to evaluate the change of pain degree and shoulder function recovery before and after treatment. The patients' satisfaction with the appearance after treatment was recorded at the latest follow-up. The X-ray findings at the latest follow-up were used to judge whether the patient had fracture nonunion. And according to the fracture healing time and imaging findings, the excellent and good rate of clinical curative effect in patients with different types was obtained.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 9 to 11 months, with a mean of (9.8±0.7) months. The VAS scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ before treatment were 2.88±0.83, 3.67±0.80 and 6.92±1.71 respectively, which were decreased to 0.54±0.19, 0.77±0.25 and 1.18±0.17 respectively after 9 months of treatment. The Constant-Murley shoulder scores of typeⅠ, typeⅡand type Ⅳ were 65.81±2.09, 63.50±2.22 and 47.93±2.91 respectively before treatment, and increased to 88.56±2.11, 85.12±2.23 and 71.25±2.16 respectively after 9 months of treatment. Five patients were not satisfied with the appearance after treatment;6 patients had no obvious continuous callus passing through after 9 months of treatment, which was fracture nonunion.@*CONCLUSION@#The classification of middle clavicle fracture is more appropriate to the clinic, which has a certain clinical guiding significance for the selection of treatment methods and prognosis of middle clavicle fracture. Plastic splint is effective in the treatment of middle clavicle fracture without obvious displacement and overlapping displacement, and the incidence of complications is low. It can be popularized in clinic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Clavicle/diagnostic imaging , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plastics , Retrospective Studies , Splints , Young Adult
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925103

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate urothelial cell proliferation, cytoskeleton, inflammation, and barrier function protein expressions in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) after intravesical platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections @*Methods@#A total of 19 patients with IC/BPS underwent 4 monthly intravesical PRP injections. Bladder biopsies were taken at the first and fourth PRP treatment. The bladder specimens were analyzed using the Western blot and immunochemical staining for progenitor cell markers for sonic hedgehog (Shh), CD34, and cytoskeleton proteins cytokeratin 5 (CK5), CK14, CK20; barrier function markers for zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), E-cadherin, and intercellular adhesive molecule-1, tryptase and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). Global response assessment (GRA) was used to evaluate treatment outcomes. @*Results@#The mean age of patients was 55.6 years. After PRP injections, the functional bladder capacity and maximum flow rate increased, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, interstitial cystitis (IC) symptom index, IC problem index, O’Leary-Sant symptom score, and GRA improved in all patients. Urothelium Shh, CK5, ZO-1, E-cadherin, and TGF-β expressions increased significantly after repeated PRP injections. By subgrouping, according to PRP treatment outcomes, significant increases in Shh, E-cadherin, and ZO-1 expressions were noted only in patients with GRA ≥1 or improved VAS, but not in patients with GRA=0 and no improvement in VAS. @*Conclusions@#The level of urothelial barrier function protein and cell proliferation protein expression in the patients with IC/BPS was increased after repeat intravesical PRP injections. Intravesical repeat PRP injections may have potential to improve urothelial health and result in symptoms improvement in the patients with IC/BPS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 936-939, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and evaluate the effect of health education on drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in Zhiduo County, Qinghai Province, so as to provide basis for further formulating health education strategies.Methods:From April 2019 to April 2020, according to the historical prevalence of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in Zhiduo County, Qinghai Province, 3 townships (towns) were selected to carry out the health education activities on drinking brick-tea type fluorosis for students of grade 4 - 6, village doctors, adults and monks in each township (town). We carried out a one-year publicity on the prevention and treatment of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis, distributed health education materials and organized health education activities. Before and after the intervention, we conducted a questionnaire survey on health education among the target population (grade 4 - 6 students, village doctors, adults and monks), to evaluate the awareness rate and behavior formation rate of fluorosis prevention and control, and to evaluate the intervention effect.Results:A total of 86 students of grade 4 - 6, 40 village doctors, 42 adults and 20 monks were investigated, after the intervention, the awareness rates of prevention and treatment of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in grade 4 - 6 students, village doctors, adults and monks were 87.98% (227/258), 96.67% (116/120), 81.75% (103/126), 83.33% (50/60), respectively, which were significantly higher than those before the intervention [38.38% (76/198), 83.33% (100/120), 15.45% (19/123), 28.89% (13/45), P < 0.05]. After the intervention, the behavior formation rates of prevention and treatment of the drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in grade 4 - 6 students, village doctors, adults and monks were 74.42% (128/172), 72.50% (58/80), 52.38% (44/84), 60.00% (24/40), respectively, which were significantly higher than those before the intervention [14.39% (19/132), 38.75% (31/80), 3.66% (3/82), 0(0/28), P < 0.05]. Conclusion:The comprehensive intervention measures based on health education can significantly improve the knowledge of local residents, and improve their bad drinking habits of drinking tea, which is of great significance to the prevention and treatment of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application status of the practice evidence of falls prevention in elderly inpatients in Chinese comprehensive tertiary hospitals.Methods:Using a self-designed questionnaire based on the practice evidence of falls prevention in elderly inpatients to investigate the application status of that in 81 Chinese comprehensive tertiary hospitals.Results:93.83% (76/81) of the investigated hospitals had a falls screen in the admission assessment of elderly inpatients, and 49.38% (40/81) of the surveyed hospitals used Morse Falls Scale to screen. At the same time, 62.96%(51/81) of the hospitals had falls assessment of elderly inpatients, while only 25.93%-40.74% of the hospitals included the fear of falls, urinary incontinence, footwear, as well as foot problems in the falls screen or assessment. In addition, the implementation rate of falls prevention was 12.35%-79.01% in the hospitals surveyed, and only 60.49% (49/81) of the hospitals had individualized falls prevention intervention. Furthermore, the falls prevention participation rate of primary nurses and doctors, as well as patients′ care was higher than 80.00%, but that of pharmacists, rehabilitation therapists and physiotherapists was only between 12.35% to 24.69%.Conclusions:Hospitals should take the characteristics of environment and elderly inpatients in the hospital into consideration to choose the risk factors which should be included in the falls screen/assessment, as well as select the appropriate screen/assessment tools. Meanwhile, hospitals should culture and encourage the right workers′ participation to build a multidisciplinary team for falls assessment and intervention to achieve the goal of falls and falls injuries prevention with the evidence.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of kangaroo care for mothers and fathers on preterm infants' heart rate, blood oxygen, body temperature and so on, and to explore the influence of kangaroo care on the anxiety of the implementers.Methods:Totally 132 cases of preterm infants and their parents from September 2017 to September 2018 in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University were randomly divided into mother group (67 cases) and father group (65 cases) by envelope method. The intervention lasted for two hours. State Anxiety Inventory(SAI) was used to evaluate the anxiety status of the implementers before and after the intervention, and the heart rate, oxygen saturation and body temperature of preterm infants were recorded 15 minutes before and at the end of the intervention.Results:Before the intervention, the SAI scores of the two groups were 35.00(30.00, 45.00) in the mother group and 33.00(30.00, 43.00) in the father group, with no significant difference ( Z value was -0.645, P>0.05); after the intervention, the SAI score of the mother group was 29.00(23.00, 32.00) and that of the father group was 25.00(21.50, 28.00), with significant difference ( Z value was -3.518, P<0.01). Before and after the intervention, the changes of heart rate ( δ1=- 4.25), blood oxygen saturation ( δ2=1.45), body temperature ( δ3=0.20) of preterm infants before and after the intervention were tested by non inferiority test, and the difference was statistically significant ( t values were -6.370, 5.343, 12.612, P<0.01). Conclusions:The effect of kangaroo care on preterm infants' heart rate, blood oxygen and body temperature are no less than that of mothers. Compared with mother, kangaroo care can reduce father's anxiety better.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907709

ABSTRACT

Objective: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is one of the most common autosomal dominant ataxias in the world. Several reports revealed that CAG repeats in some polyQ-containing genes may affect the age at onset (AAO) of patients with SCA2, however, little studies were conducted among Chinese patients with SCA2. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of CAG repeats on the AAO of patients with SCA2 in China.Methods:A total of 119 patients with SCA2 were enrolled and were divided into 2 groups according to their major phenotype:17 patients from 9 families with Parkinson ' s syndrome were grouped as the Parkinson ' s disease-SCA2 (PD-SAC2); 91 patients from 66 SCA2 families and 11 sporadic SCA2 patients were grouped as the ataxia-SCA2 (A-SCA2). Blood samples were obtained from the subjects, and the CAG repeat length in ATXN2 and other (CAG)n-containing genes was screened using fluorescent PCR. The Spearman ' s rank correlation between the CAG repeat length in (CAG)n-containing genes and AAO was analyzed. Regression analysis was performed to investigate whether the CAG repeat length could explain the variant of AAO. A t-test was used to compare the difference of CAG repeat length in (CAG)n-containing genes between the PD-SAC2 and A-SCA2 groups. Results:The CAG repeat length in the longer allele of ATXN2 was negatively correlated with AAO of SCA2 (R=?0.251, P<0.05), and the CAG repeat length could explain 41.7%of the variation of AAO. AAO negatively correlated with the CAG repeat length in the shorter allele of ATXN7 (R=?0.251, P=0.006) or in the longer allele of TBP gene (R=?0.197, P=0.034). A tendency of delay in the AAO was also observed in patients with SCA2 carrying the CAG repeat within the ATXN3, CACNA1A, ATXN7, TBP, and RAI1. In addition, we found that the CAG repeat length in ATXN7 and ATXN2 between the A-SCA2 and the PD-SCA2 groups was significantly different (both P<0.05).Conclusion:The CAG repeat in ATXN2 is a major genetic factor for the AAO of patients with SCA2 in China. The CAG repeat length in ATXN3, CACNA1A, ATXN7, TBP, and RAI1 genes might be a potential factor associated with the AAO of SCA2. The CAG repeat in ATXN7 might be a potential factor affecting the Parkinson??s syndrome in SCA2.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the contents of inorganic arsenic(iAs),monomethylarsonic acid(MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid(DMA) in brain tissues and blood by using hydride generation-cold trap-atomic absorptionspectrometry(HG-CT-AAS), and to explore the toxic effects of Realgar on central nervous system of rats. Method:The 96 Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:normal control group,0.3,0.9 and 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar groups. They then received intragastric administration for 14,28 and 42 days respectively, so a total of 12 groups were formed, with 8 animals in each group. The normal group was given the same dose of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) by gavage. The contents of iAs,MMA and DMA in blood and brain tissues were determined by HG-CT-AAS. The novel object recognition test was conducted to observe the learning and memory ability of rats. The changes of hippocampal neuron ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Result:There was no difference in the growth,weight and hippocampal coefficient of the experimental animals. The method of HG-CT-AAS showed a good linearity,precision,accuracy and recovery in content determination of arsenic (at various forms) in rat brain and blood. MMA and DMA were detected in the brain of realgar groups at time-dose-effect relationship. iAs,MMA and DMA were detected in the blood of Realgar groups. The nuclear membrane, mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum in hippocampus neurons of rats were gradually damaged with the increase of Rhubarb exposure dose and time. After 14 days of exposure to Realgar,compared with the normal control group,there was no significant difference in the novel object recognition index among Realgar groups. After 28 days of exposure,only 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar group showed statistically significant difference with the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After 42 days of exposure, the novel object recognition index of 0.9 and 2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Realgar groups was significantly lower than that in normal control group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:The metabolites of Realgar in rats are iAs,MMA and DMA. MMA and DMA can be accumulated in the brain tissue through the blood-brain barrier,causing the decline of the ability of learning and memory and leading to damage of hippocampal neurons.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 980-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pathological spectrum and variation of adult renal biopsies in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 1986 to 2020.Methods:The pathological data of 5 652 adult renal biopsies from August 1986 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected, and characteristics of pathological spectrum were analyzed. Regarding every 5 years as a research stage, the whole period was divided into 7 stages to analyze the pathological features and variation of renal biopsies. The first stage (P1) started from August 1986 to December 1990. The second stage (P2) started from January 1991 to December 1995. The third stage (P3) started from January 1996 to December 2000. The fourth stage (P4) started from January 2001 to December 2005. The fifth stage (P5) started from January 2006 to December 2010. The sixth stage (P6) started from January 2011 to December 2015. The seventh stage (P7) started from January 2016 to December 2020.Results:The age was (36.47±14.86) years old (18-83 years old) in 5 652 renal biopsies. There were 2 961 males (52.39%). There were 5 636 cases of autologous kidney biopsy and 16 cases of transplanted kidney biopsy. The descending order of incidence classified by disease types were primary glomerular disease (PGD, 4 470 cases, 79.31%), secondary glomerular disease (SGD, 994 cases, 17.64%), tubular-interstitial disease (160 cases, 2.84%), and hereditary nephropathy (12 cases, 0.21%). IgA nephropathy (IgAN, 1 573 cases, 35.19%) was the most frequent pathologic type of PGD, followed by membranous nephropathy (MN, 1 028 cases, 23.00%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN, 878 cases, 19.64%), minimal change disease (MCD, 427 cases, 9.55%), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (345 cases, 7.72%). Lupus nephritis (LN, 251 cases, 25.25%) was the most common type of SGD, followed by hypertension nephropathy (193 cases, 19.42%), diabetic kidney disease (168 cases, 16.90%), purpura nephritis (138 cases, 13.88%), and ischemic nephropathy (90 cases, 9.05%). IgAN was the most common type of primary glomerulonephritis and mainly occurred in the age group of 18-59 years old. PGD was the most common glomerular disease in Han nationality (78.33%), Uygur nationality (81.72%) and other ethnic (77.15%) groups. Using Bonferroni correction method, the incidence of PGD in Uygur nationality was higher than that in Han nationality ( P<0.017). From P1 to P7, the detection rates of MN and MCD were increased in common renal pathological types, meanwhile, the ratio of MsPGN was decreased (all P<0.05). From P5 to P7, the detection rates of MN in Han nationality and Uygur nationality increased in the common pathological types of PGD, meanwhile, the ratio of MsPGN decreased (all P<0.05). LN was the most common SGD. The incidence of LN in females was higher than that in males ( P<0.001). Using Bonferroni correction method, the incidence of SGD in Uygur nationality was lower than that in Han nationality ( P<0.017). There was no significant variation in the common pathological type of SGD in Han and Uygur nationalities. Chronic rejection was the main pathological type of transplanted kidney biopsies. Conclusions:PGD is the main type of kidney disease spectrum in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. IgAN is the most common PGD and mainly occurrs in the age group of 18-59 years old. As time goes by, the proportion of MN and MCD is increased, meanwhile the proportion of MsPGN is decreased significantly. LN is the most common SGD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 490-498, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the composition of the renal disease spectrum and epidemiological characterisics for renal biopsy cases in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 10 684 renal biopsy cases from 12 hospitals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from August 1986 to December 2019 were collected and the composition of renal diseases and pathological types were analyzed retrospectively.Results:Among the 10 684 renal biopsy cases with 5 595 males and 5 089 females, 7 804 cases (73.04%) were Han nationality, 2 357 cases (22.06%) were Uygur nationality and 523 cases (4.90%) were other nationalities. Among the 10 684 cases of renal biopsy, primary glomerular disease, secondary glomerular disease, tubulointerstitial disease, end-stage renal disease, genetic and congenital disease and post transplant glomerular disease were 8 533 cases (79.87%), 1 740 cases (16.29%), 229 cases (2.14%), 121 cases (1.13%), 46 cases (0.43%) and 15 cases (0.14%), respectively. The distribution of kidney diseases in Han, Uygur and other nationalities (except Han and Uygur in this region) was the same as that in general. There was no significant difference in disease type composition between Han and Uygur, Han and other nationalities, and Uygur and other nationalities (all P>0.05). Among the 8 533 cases of primary glomerular diseases, the top five pathological types were IgA nephropathy (3 095 cases, 36.27%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (2 008 cases, 23.53%), membranous nephropathy (1 503 cases, 17.61%), minimal glomerulopathy (567 cases, 6.64%) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (494 cases, 5.79%). The top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases were different between Han and Uygur, and Han and other nationalities (both P<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference between Uygur and other nationalities in the top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases ( P=0.113). Among 1 740 cases of secondary glomerular diseases, the top five pathological types were lupus nephritis (517 cases, 29.71%), Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis (304 cases, 17.47%), diabetic glomerulosclerosis (285 cases, 16.38%), benign renal arteriosclerosis (196 cases, 11.26%) and systemic vasculitis (101 cases, 5.80%). It was different between Han and Uygur, Han and other nationalities, and Uygur and other nationalities in the top five pathological types of secondary glomerular diseases. Conclusions:Primary glomerular disease accounts for 79.87% of renal diseases in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. IgA nephropathy is the main pathological type, followed by mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis and membranous nephropathy. The most common pathological type of secondary glomerular disease in this region is lupus nephritis, followed by Henoch-Sch?nlein purpura nephritis and diabetic glomerulosclerosis. The top five pathological types of primary glomerular diseases and secondary glomerular diseases are different in different ethnic groups in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical effects of sacral nerve regulation therapy for patients with chronic transit constipation.Methods:A total of 10 patients were treated with sacral nerve regulation therapy at our department from Jul 2017 to May 2018. The efficacy was assessed by bowel habit diary, Wexner constipation scores, constipation patients' quality of life scale and gastrointestinal quality of life index.Results:Nine patients were implanted with permanent sacral nerve stimulator with the analysis of constipation patients' quality of life scale, the postoperative symptoms were significantly improved compared with those before operation ( P<0.01), and the symptoms of physical discomfort, psychological discomfort, worry and anxiety were also significantly improved after operation, with statistical significance (all P<0.01).The Wexner constipation score was significantly higher after operation ( P<0.01). Conclusion:SNM is a clinically safe, efficacious, simple, minimally invasive and reversible new technique for the treatment of chronic transit constipation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, etiology and outcome of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) and late-onset neonatal sepsis (LONS).Methods:The clinical data of 265 neonates with NS admitted in the neonatal ward of the the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2014 to September 2020 were enrolled, including 76 cases of EONS and 189 cases of LONS. The general information, clinical manifestation, laboratory findings, pathogen distribution, treatment and outcome of the two groups were analyzed with SPSS25.0 statistical software.Results:The rates of meconium-stained amniotic fluid, prenatal maternal fever, abnormal white blood cell (WBC) count and neutrophil count in EONS group were significantly higher than those in LONS group ( P<0.05 or <0.01). However, the rates of indwelling central venous catheters, mechanical ventilation, fever, abdominal distension, abnormal platelet count and serum prealbumin level in LONS group were significantly higher than those in EONS group ( P<0.05 or <0.01). Staphylococcus epidermidis(135/265)and Staphylococcus aureus (22/265) were the most common gram-positive bacteria and Escherichia coli (13/265) was the most common gram-negative bacteria in NS. The proportion of gram-positive bacteria was the highest in both EONS group (85.5%) and LONS group (84.7%), which was mainly Staphylococcus epidermidis of coagulase negative staphylococci. The proportion of Listeria monocytogenes and Streptococcus infections in EONS group was significantly higher than that in LONS group ( P<0.05 or <0.01). The proportion of Staphylococcus aureus infection in LONS group was significantly higher than that in EONS group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in case fatality rate between EONS group and LONS group (6.6% vs 2.6%, P>0.05). Conclusions:Perinatal amniotic fluid pollution and prenatal maternal fever are risk factors for the occurrence of EONS, while indwelling central venous catheter and mechanical ventilation are risk factors for the occurrence of LONS. Abnormal platelet count and abnormal serum prealbumin are more common in the LONS group. The bacteria detected in EONS and LONS are mainly Staphylococcus epidermidis. Clinical diagnosis and treatment of EONS and LONS should be managed differently.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1350-1360, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of enhanced MRI in the outcome of prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation through a retrospective analysis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the data of 64 patients with prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation from January 2015 to December 2018, including 38 males and 26 females; age 35.72±12.44 years (range, 22-64 years) ; 43 cases of prolapsed type, 21 cases of sequestrated type. Conservative treatment was the first choice for all patients, in case of surgical indications during the treatment, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy or fenestration discectomy will be performed. Enhanced MRI was performed at the first and last inspections, the volume of the protrusion, the thickness of rim enhancement (Tr), and the extent of rim enhancement (Er) were measured and calculated at the same time. According to the ring around the protrusion, the size of the rim-enhancement area was divided into type I-III; then compared the relationship between the rim-enhancement signal differentiation and the resorption rate of protrusions, and the correlation between Tr, Er values and the resorption rate of protrusions during the initial inspection.Results:Among the 64 patients, 42 patients completed conservative treatment, and 22 received surgical treatment. According to the rim-enhancement signal differentiation, 23 cases were treated conservatively for type I, 3 cases were treated by surgery; 16 cases were treated for type II conservatively, 7 cases were treated by surgery; 3 cases were treated for type III conservatively, and 12 cases were treated by surgery. All patients were followed up for 12 to 34 months. Among 42 conservatively treated patients, The volume of the protrusion before treatment was 2 645.67±690.86 mm 3, and the volume of the protrusion after treatment was 842.76±573.35 mm 3. The volume of protrusions before and after treatment was statistical significance ( t=11.897, P<0.001), Tr was 1.38±0.83 mm, and Er was 73.08%±34.39%, the resorption rate of protrusions was 65.10%±24.50%, and 39 cases (92.86%, 39/42) reached the standard for protrusion resorption (resorption rate ≥30%); 23 cases of type I , the resorption rate was 76.54%±18.62%; 16 cases of type II had an resorption rate of 56.81%±21.44%; 3 cases of type III had an resorption rate of 21.58%±12.19%. The resorption rate of type III were compared by single factor analysis of variance, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=12.885, P<0.001); 32 cases of both type I and II (82.05%, 32/39) had significant resorption (resorption rate ≥50%), and no case of type Ⅲ had significant resorption, comparing with type I and II, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.010); Tr was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.569, P<0.001), Er was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.677, P<0.001). Conclusion:Under close clinical observation, parts of the prolapsed or sequestrated lumbar disc herniations can be conservatively treated, and the herniated disc can be resorption in many people and the clinical symptoms were alleviated. Rim-enhancement signal differentiation by enhanced MR has a better predictive value for the outcome of the herniation, type I is more prone to resorption, preferred conservative treatment, type Ⅲ is not easy to resorption, preferred surgery treatment, and the higher thickness of rim enhancement, the greater extend the rim-enhancement, the more prone to resorption phenomenon.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore active components and mechanism of Dipsaci Radix in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). Method:UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI) was used to qualitatively analyze the chemical components in methanol extract of Dipsaci Radix under positive and negative ion scanning modes. The mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 0.2%-20%B; 10-20 min, 20%-40%B; 20-25 min, 40%-50%B; 25-33 min, 50%-98%B; 33-35 min, 98%-0.2%B), and the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-2 000. Based on TCMIP, candidate target groups of Dipsaci Radix, RA and syndrome with Yin deficiency of liver and kidney were obtained, and correlation analysis on "disease-syndrome-prescription" was used to enrich the main active components and key targets. Cytoscape 3.8.0 and STRING 11.0 database were used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network diagram. Metascape platform was used to analysis gene ontology biological progress and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways. Result:A total of 81 ingredients were identified by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. Based on TCMIP, 283 candidate targets corresponding to 81 ingredients, 7 RA related targets and 215 genes corresponding to syndrome with Yin deficiency of liver and kidney were collected. With further correlation analysis on "disease-syndrome-prescription", 17 key active ingredients were predicted, mainly including saponins and fatty acids of Dipsaci Radix. It mainly involved 7 hub targets, namely tumor necrosis factor (TNF), nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B subunit 1 (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B<sub>1</sub>), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A), nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1 (NR3C1), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARG), nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 4 (NR1H4) and nuclear receptor coactivator 1 (NCOA1). All of them were related to inflammation, and two of them were related to bile acid pathway. The 7 hub targets and 7 pathways played an important role in RA were screen out, including 4 bile acid related pathways and 3 inflammatory related pathways. Conclusion:UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS combined with TCMIP preliminarily elucidates the regulatory effect of multi-components in Dipsaci Radix on several pathways related to the inflammatory response and bile acid synthesis and metabolism, which lays a foundation for further study on the mechanism of Dipsaci Radix against RA.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a phased evaluation for severe traumatic brain injury in clinical nursing, to promote catheter removal planning. Methods:A case of severe traumatic brain injury in our hospital in October, 2018 was reviewed. Results:This case accepted a phased evaluation about consciousness, condition of tracheotomy and extubation, bladder safety capacity and residual urine volume, and the rehabilitation nursing targeted to the results. After 54 days of treatment and care, all the catheters were removed in a planned way. Conclusion:The phased evaluation for severe traumatic brain injury may promote the planning of catheter removal, prevent repeated tube placement, and facilitate the recovery of patients.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902968

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical outcomes of fresh embryo transfers (ETs) and frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FETs) after a freeze-all cycle in women ≥40 years old with poor ovarian response (POR). @*Methods@#We performed a single-center, retrospective, case-control study of patients who underwent in vitro fertilization between January 2014 and June 2019. We included a total of 192 patients aged 40 years or older from whom 3 or fewer oocytes had been retrieved and who were receiving cleavage-stage ET in this study. Of these patients, 101 and 91 patients underwent fresh ET and FET, respectively. The primary outcome was the live birth rate (LBR) after the first ET. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the IVF outcomes and neonatal characteristics between the fresh ET and FET groups, adjusting for maternal age, body mass index, luteinizing hormone, and the number of good quality embryos transferred. @*Results@#The mean maternal ages and number of oocytes retrieved (43.2 years and 2.3 in both groups, P=0.902 and P=0.927, respectively) were similar in the fresh ET and FET groups. No significant difference was observed between the LBRs of the fresh ET and FET groups (adjusted odds ratio, 1.28; 95% confidence interval, 0.29–5.70). The clinical pregnancy and miscarriage rates, and neonatal characteristics (birth weights and premature infant rates) were similar between the 2 groups. @*Conclusions@#FET after the freeze-all strategy had no beneficial impact on the clinical outcomes of women ≥40 years with POR.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL