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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Mongolian medicine Sanzisan ,and to evaluate its internal quality by chemical pattern recognition technique comprehensively. METHODS HPLC method was used. Using geniposide as reference,HPLC fingerprints of 15 batches of Sanzisan were drawn with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint(2012 edition). Similarity evaluation and common peaks identification were conducted. Combined with cluster analysis (CA),principal component analysis (PCA),and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA),the quality of 15 batches of Sanzisan was evaluated ,and the differential markers that affected its quality were screened. RESULTS There were 29 common peaks in 15 batches of Sanzisan ,and the similarity was no less than 0.952,indicating that the chemical composition of the 15 batches of Sanzisan had good consistency. A total of 13 common peaks were identified ,which were chebulic acid ,gallic acid,punicalin,punicalagin A ,punicalagin B ,jasminoside B ,caffeic acid ,corilagin,geniposide,chebulagic acid ,1,2,3,4,6- O-galloylglucose,chebulinic acid ,ellagic acid. Both CA and PCA could divide 15 batches of Sanzisan into four categories ,and the classification results were consistent ,indicating that the quality of 15 batches of Sanzisan had certain differences. Fourteen differential markers (chebulic acid ,gallic acid ,ellagic acid ,etc)that lead to the quality difference between batches were screened out by OPLS-DA. CONCLUSIONS Established HPLC fingerprint analysis method is simple and stable. Combined with chemical pattern recognition analysis ,it can be used for the quality control of Sanzisan.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 299-307, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913087

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establi sh the method for the con tent determination of 11 components in Terminalia chebula from different origins ,and to provide reference for their quality evaluation and superior provenance screening. METHODS Taking 16 batches of T. chebula from different origins as test samples ,high performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was established to determine the contents of 11 components,such as vitexin ,gallic acid ,methyl gallate ,ethyl gallate,ellagic acid ,corilagin,shikimic acid ,ferulic acid ,luteolin,quercetin and rutin. The determination was performed on Shim-pack GIST-HP C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid solution-methanol at the flow rate of 0.25 mL/ min(gradient elution ). The sample size was 3 μL,and the column temperature was 35 ℃. Electrospray ionization source was used in positive and negative ion mode ,with multiple reaction monitoring. The atomized gas flow rate was 3 L/min,the heating gas flow rate was 10 L/min,the interface temperature was 300 ℃,the desolvent temperature was 526 ℃,and the heating block temperature was 400 ℃ . Grey correlation analysis (GRA)and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS)methods were used to compare ,analyze and comprehensively evaluate T. chebula from different origins. RESULTS The results of content determination methodology met the relevant requirements. The contents of 11 components in 16 batches of T. chebula were 7.27-106.38,5 370.24-31 010.43,21.42-1 097.50,4.26-111.09,17 940.42-38 490.18,6 247.26-40 182.18,12 125.94- 209 519.96,2.71-9.04,0.24-44.12,1.49-9.17 and 25.35-126.51 μg/g,respectively. The results of GRA and TOPSIS analysis showed that the comprehensive qualities of sample H 12(from Yunnan ),H11(from Guangxi ),H5(from Hunan ),H14(from Guangdong),H13(from Sichuan ),H8(from Guangdong ),H1(from Yunnan )were better. CONCLUSIONS The established method is fast ,sensitive and reliable ,and can be suitable for comprehensive evaluation of the internal quality and superior provenance screening of T. chebula .

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 313-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922930

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the targeted protein degradation technology has developed quickly, with proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC) as the best-known strategy through exploring the ubiquitin-proteasome system. A number of new targeted protein degradation strategies have been emerging to expand the scope of protein degradation technology, including lysosome-targeting chimeras (LYTACs), autophagy-targeting chimeras (AUTACs), autophagosome-tethering compounds (ATTECs) and chimeras based on chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). The emerging methodologies have explored another important protein degradation system in eukaryotes-lysosomal systems, such as the endosome-lysosome pathway and the autophagy-lysosome pathway. This review summaries the mechanisms and features of different strategies for targeted protein degradation, with a special emphasis on the new targeted protein degradation technologies, such as their current status, advantages and limitations.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 602-610, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the triterpenoid saponins from Anemone rivularis var. flore-minore and their antitumor activities. METHODS The n-butanol extract of 70% ethanol extract from rhizome of the plant was separated. The triterpenoid saponins were separated and purified by normal silica gel column chromatography ,reversed phase ODS column chromatography , Sephadex LH- 20 gel column chromatography and semi-preparation high performance liquid chromatography. The structures of these saponins were identified by spectral analysis (NMR and MS )and physical and chemical properties. MTT assay was used to test the proliferation inhibitory activity of the compounds against five kinds of human tumor cells (HL-60 cells,A549 cells,HepG2 cells,HeLa cells and U 87MG cells ). The apoptosis inducing effect of compound 7 on U 87MG cells was evaluated by flow cytometric Annexin V-FITC/PI staining test. RESULTS:Sixteen triterpenoid saponins were obtained and identified as 3 β-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-oleanolic acid-28-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1→4) -β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside(1),3β-O-L-arabinopyranosyl oleanolic acid- 28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2),saponin B (3), 163.com oleanolic acid- 3β-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-α-L-arabino- pyranoside(4),HN-saponin F (5),clematoside S (6),prosapogenin CP 4(7),cussonside B (8),pulsatilla saponin C (9), clemastanoside D (10),3 β-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-L-arabinopyranosyl-hederagenin-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(11), ciwujianoside C 3(12),ciwujianoside A 1(13),huzhangoside D (14),kalopanaxsaponin B (15)and hederacolchiside E (16). Compounds 3,4,6-9 displayed inhibitory activities on the proliferation of tumor cells to different extent ,and compound 7 had the strongest activity ;compound 7 induced the apoptosis of U 87MG cell so as to inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells in a time-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS The obtained 16 saponins are all identified as oleanolane-type ,among which compound 1 is a new compound. The monodesmosidic saponins ,the sugar chain of which attached at C- 3 and a free carboxyl at C- 28, possess stronger antitumor activity than others.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920633

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring body mineral content (BMC) of children and adolescents, and to provide a basis for BIA to accurately measure BMC in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#By using the convenience sampling method, among 1 469 children and adolescents aged 7-17 were recruited in Guangzhou from April to May 2019, the BMC was measured by DXA and BIA. The intraclass correlation coefficient ( ICC ) and Bland Altman analysis were used to evaluate the agreement between BIA and DXA. Bland Altman analysis was performed on log transformed data. The BMC was categorized into age and specific tertiles, and the agreement between methods was evaluated based on the kappa coefficients. Treating the BMC with DXA as the dependent variable, a prediction model was constructed for correcting the BIA measure.@*Results@#The ICC s were 0.93 and 0.94 for boys and girls, respectively. In Bland Altman analysis, the limits of agreements for the BIA to DXA ratio were wide in boys and girls, ranging from 0.27-0.76 and 0.17-0.72, respectively. The kappa coefficients for categorized BMC levels were 0.57 and 0.45 for boys and girls, respectively, showing a fair to good degree of agreement. When sub grouped by BMI, the kappa coefficients for all BMI groups of boys and overweight girls were all >0.75 , with an excellent agreement. The prediction models for boys and girls were as follows: BMC DXA =-0.51+0.44× BMC BIA + 0.06× Age +0.02× BMI ; and BMC DXA =-0.55+0.43× BMC BIA +0.06× Age +0.02× BMI , respectively. The R 2 for models of boys and girls were 0.87 and 0.87, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The agreement between BIA and DXA was poor for measuring BMC, but acceptable when evaluating the categorized BMC levels, suggesting the BIA may be applied in assessment of the BMC levels when compared to the age and gender specific population. Additionally, the prediction model for correcting BMC by BIA fis well to the measurement by DXA.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915055

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping has been recommended as an alternative staging approach to lymphadenectomy for apparent uterine-confined endometrial cancer (EC). However, the prognostic value of SLN mapping alone instead of systematic lymphadenectomy on EC patients remains unclear. @*Methods@#A multi-center, open label, non-inferiority randomized controlled trial has been designed to identify if SLN mapping alone is not inferior to pelvic lymphadenectomy on prognosis of patients with intermediate-high-risk EC clinically confined to uterus. Eligible patients will be 1:1 randomly assigned to accept SLN mapping or pelvic lymphadenectomy. The primary endpoint is the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). The second points are the 5-year PFS, 5-year overall survival, surgery-related adverse events and life quality. A total of 780 patients will be enrolled from 6 hospitals in China within 3-year period and followed up for 5 years.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether the regular feedback system in opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer can improve the adenoma detection rate (ADR) of endoscopists.Methods:This study was an observational study, divided into three stages: the baseline stage before intervention (the pre-intervention period), the regular feedback stage (the intervention period) and the post-intervention stage (the post-intervention period). In the pre-intervention period, all patients who underwent opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer in Department of Gastroenterology in Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2017 to May 2018 were reviewed, and the ADR of each endoscopist was calculated. In the intervention period from June 2018 to November 2018, colonoscopies were performed on patients for opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer by endoscopists who participated in the feedback. The ADR of each endoscopist during the previous month was calculated at the beginning of each month and feedback was provided in the form of a report. In the post-intervention period from December 2018 to January 2019, colonoscopies were performed on patients for opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer by endoscopists who participated in the feedback. The ADR of each endoscopist was calculated after the feedback stopped. ADR and polyp detection rate (PDR) of three stages were compared.Results:A total of 1 768, 1 308 and 344 patients were enrolled for opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer during the pre-intervention, the intervention and the post-intervention period respectively. Eight endoscopists participated in the whole process of this study. The total ADR increased from 23.70% (419/1 768) in the pre-intervention period to 33.72% (441/1 308) in the intervention period ( χ2=37.449, P<0.05). Two months after intervention, ADR decreased slightly to 33.14% (114/344), but was still higher compared with before ( χ2=13.602, P<0.05). The total PDR increased from 47.17% (834/1 768) in the pre-intervention period to 52.68% (689/1 308) in the intervention period ( χ2=9.111, P<0.05). Two months after the intervention, PDR increased slightly to 53.78% (185/344), and still higher compared with before ( χ2=5.035, P<0.05). Conclusion:Regular feedback to endoscopists can improve ADR in opportunistic screening of colorectal cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911609

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular adenoma.Methods:The clinical data of 23 hepatocellular adenoma patients admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from May 2013 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Fifteen patients were female, the age ranged from 21 to 60. The maximum tumor diameter was from 2.5 cm to 15 cm.Most patients (15/23) were asymptomatic. There were 20 cases (87%) with single lesion and 3 cases (13%) with multiple lesions. Contrast-enhanced CT and MRI showed enhancement in the arterial phase, and de-enhancement in the portal phase as well as in the delayed phase. All cases underwent tumor resection. Hepatocellular adenoma was confirmed by pathology with partial canceration in one case and intratumoral hemorrhage in two cases. Sixteen cases were misdiagnosed preoperatively, 20 were followed up with the median follow-up time of 36 months. Recurrence was not found.Conclusion:Hepatocellular adenoma is uncommon and often misdiagnosed. Preoperative diagnosis is dependent on MRI.Given the fact of high rate misdiagnosis and a tendency of canceration,resection is recommended.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1238-1240, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910995

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is one of the common complications in elderly patients with glomerular disease.Effective blood pressure control can delay the progress of the disease and reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events.Combined with the 2020 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes(KDIGO)glomerulonephritis guidelines, this review discusses the blood pressure characteristics, antihypertensive targets, antihypertensive treatment suggestions and precautions of elderly patients with glomerulonephritis, so as to provide new ideas for clinical practice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 868-871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the 30-day mortality risk in elderly patients with sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction(SIMD), and to analyze its related risk factors.Methods:This was a multicenter retrospective case-control study.A total of 254 elderly patients with sepsis or septic shock admitted to the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University(117 cases), the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University(89 cases)and Shanxi Provincial People's University(48 cases)from January 2015 to December 2019 were enrolled.According to whether or not combined with SIMD, patients were divided into the SIMD group(n=68)and the control group(n=186). All patients were followed for 30 day to evaluate the rate of mortality and the related factors.Results:Among 254 elderly patients, the incidence of SIMD was 26.8%.There were significant differences between the SIMD group and the control group in age, heart rate, E/A value, left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), procalcitonin, lactate, C-reactive protein, troponin, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)and sequential organ failure assessment(SOFA)score(all P<0.05). The significant differences were found between the SIMD group and the control group in the all-cause mortality risk, the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, ICU hospitalization time and total hospitalization days(35.3% or 24 cases vs.22.6% or 42 cases, 7.0 d vs.4.8 d, 9.5 d vs.7.5 d and 18.8 d vs.15.1 d, P<0.05). Age ≥65 years( RR=1.867), diabetes( RR=2.661), procalcitonin ≥13.2 μg/L( RR=3.307), and lactate ≥3.65 mmol/L( RR=2.964)were risk factors for SIMD, and serum troponin ≥0.08 μg/L( HR=2.019), NT-proBNP ≥537.4 ng/L( HR=4.411), lactate ≥3.65 mmol/L( HR=3.934)and LVEF <50.0%( HR=3.761)were risk factors for the mortality(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Elderly patients with the sepsis-induced SIMD have severe infections, mainly involving the left ventricle, and have an increased risk of mortality and a longer duration of hospital stays.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 411-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of polyethylene glycol combined with simethicone on boston bowel preparation scale(BBPS) score and tolerance in patients with colonoscopy.Methods:From January 2018 to January 2019, 220 patients who underwent colonoscopy in Beijing Shijitan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were selected as the research objects.According to different bowel preparation schemes, they were divided into control group and observation group, 110 cases in each group.In the control group, 4 bags of compound polyethylene glycol electrolyte powder were added with cold boiled water to prepare 4 L solution for intestinal preparation.Starting 6 hours before endoscopy, 1 L solution was taken every hour, and the interval from the last time to the beginning of colonoscopy was≤4 h. On the basis of the control group, the observation group was given 30 mL simethicone emulsion 4 hours before endoscopy on the basis of the control group.The BBPS score, intracavitary liquid volume score, total score, tolerance and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:The whole colon score (7.16±0.61), left colon score (2.89±0.62), transverse colon score (2.78±0.64) and right colon score (1.58±0.49), intestinal cavity fluid score (1.47±0.48) and total score (8.84±0.87) of the observation group were higher than those of the control group ((5.13±0.76), (2.23±0.86), (2.15±0.76), (1.14±0.16), (0.91±0.55), (7.11±1.04)), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=21.854, 6.532, 6.652, 8.957, 8.054, 13.380, all P<0.05). The tolerance of the observation group (90.00%(99/110)) was higher than that of the control group (81.81%(90/110)), but the difference was not statistically significant( χ 2=3.043, P=0.081). The incidence of abdominal distension in the observation group (1.82%(2/110)) was lower than that in the control group (8.18%(9/110)), the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=4.690, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the incidence of electrolyte disorder, nausea and vomiting, hypoglycemia or hunger, palpitation and chest tightness between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The application of polyethylene glycol combined with Spanish silicone oil in intestinal preparation can improve the intestinal cleanliness of patients, but does not increase the tolerance of patients compared with polyethylene glycol alone, but significantly reduces the incidence of abdominal distension.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 640-643, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the new cases and the condition of Keshan disease (KD) in key endemic areas and provide scientific basis for updating control strategies.Methods:In 2017, sentinel surveillance was carried out in some counties with substandard KD or serious historical KD. Two to three villages with more KD patients and the total population of 1 000 were chosen to investigate. All of the inhabitants were checked by physical examination and electrocardiography. Suspected KD patients were examined by echocardiography. KD was identified according to "Diagnosis of Keshan Disease" (WS/T 210-2011). The confirmed cases were followed up.Results:A total of 70 008 people were examined in 86 counties of 14 provinces. The ratio of male to female was 1.0 ∶ 1.2 (31 720/38 288). The total number of KD patients identified was 308, including 68 chronic KD and 240 latent KD. The detection rates were 44/10 000, 10/10 000 and 34/10 000, respectively. Totally 198 cases of chronic KD and 115 cases of latent KD were followed up, and the follow-up mortality was 8.1% (16/198) and 7.0% (8/115), respectively. In this year, 29 cases of latent KD and 5 cases of chronic KD were newly diagnosed.Conclusion:There are still a number of KD patients including new cases in endemic areas with high prevalence nowadays or in the past indicating the prevention and control of KD should be maintained.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influences of WeChat platform combined with problem-based learning (PBL) teaching method on the theoretical examination results, practical skills scores and satisfaction of nursing students in operating room.Methods:A total of 124 undergraduate nursing students from June 2018 to December 2019 from the operating room of The Affiliated Women's and Children's Hospital, School of Medicine, UESTC were selected as the control group, among which, 62 nursing students from June 2018 to March 2019 were selected as the control group, and 62 nursing students from April to December 2019 were selected as the research group. The control group adopted the traditional teaching method, and the research adopted WeChat platform combined with PBL teaching method. The results of theoretical examination, skill practice, preparation for autonomous learning, critical thinking ability and teaching satisfaction were compared between the two groups. SPSS 23.0 was used for t test. Results:The scores of theory examination and skill practice in the study group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05); after practice, the scores of self-management, love of learning and self-control in the study group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05); after practice, the scores of the three dimensions of curiosity, truth seeking, systematization ability and total score in the study group were all higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05); the satisfactions of the research group on teaching content, teaching problem design and teaching effect were higher than those of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of WeChat platform and PBL teaching method can improve the knowledge mastery level of nursing students in operating room, cultivate their self-learning ability and critical thinking ability, and nursing students are more satisfied with the teaching mode.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907881

ABSTRACT

Alstr?m syndrome is a rare multisystem genetic disease caused by mutations in the ALMS1 gene.Both of its clinical diagnosis and treatment are very difficult.In 2020, the Consensus Clinical Management Guidelines for Alstr?m Syndrome, developed with the participation of many countries, was published in the Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases.A systematic literature review on Alstr?m syndrome of the last 45 years until October 2019 was carried out and then the clinical management guideline for Alstr?m syndrome was proposed.In this report, the contents of the 2020 European guideline for Alstr?m syndrome would be introduced briefly with appropriate interpretation in order to provide reference.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of branches of <italic>Juglans mandshurica</italic> and to evaluate the quality of the samples from different producing areas and in different harvest periods. Method:Chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent Poroshell 120 SB-C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm) for gradient elution with mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid solution (A)-0.2% formic acid acetonitrile solution (B) (0-5 min, 5%-10%B; 5-25 min, 10%-16%B; 25-40 min, 16%-22%B; 40-45 min, 22%-45%B; 45-50 min, 45%-65%B; 50-52 min, 65%-100%B; 52-55 min, 100%B) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the detection wavelength was 270 nm. The quality of branches of <italic>Juylans mandshurica</italic> was evaluated by similarity evaluation, cluster analysis, principal component analysis and partial least squares-discriminant analysis. The chemical constituents of the samples were identified by HPLC coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). The mass spectrometry was conducted in negative ion mode with electrospray ionization(ESI). Data were acquired over a range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 700 for MS and <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 700 for MS/MS. Result:A total of 19 common peaks were confirmed in 40 batches of samples, and the similarity ranged from 0.430 to 0.995, of which the similarity of samples collected in spring and winter seasons (April, May and December) was greater than 0.90, while the similarity of most samples collected in summer (July to September) was low. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that the samples were divided into two groups according to the harvest time, but there was no obvious classification rule for the samples from different producing areas. The contents of most constituents in the samples collected in spring and winter were higher than those collected in summer. The result illustrated that different harvest periods had great influence on the quality of branches of <italic>J</italic>.<italic> mandshurica</italic>. Compared with the samples collected in summer, the quality of samples collected in spring and winter was better. A total of 22 peaks were proved to be the main constituents that contributed to the difference between samples collected in different seasons. A total of 83 chemical components were identified by HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, including 49 tannins, 7 organic acids, 14 naphthalene derivatives, 1 flavonoid, 6 anthracene derivatives, 2 lignans, 3 diarylheptanoids and 1 saccharide. Totally 13 common peaks were identified. Of the peaks that contributed to discriminate samples collected in different season, 19 peaks were identified and most of them were tannins. Conclusion:The established HPLC fingerprint can provide useful information for the quality evaluation of branches of <italic>J</italic>.<italic> mandshurica</italic>. Tannin is the main constituents in the samples. Harvest period has great influence on the quality of branches of <italic>J</italic>.<italic> mandshurica</italic>.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the efficacy of <italic>Usnea diffracta</italic> in treating atherosclerosis (AS) and the altered microbial flora in rat ileum based on the interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomized into a normal group (<italic>n</italic>=8) and a modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=40). The AS model was established with high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of vitamin D<sub>3</sub>. The successfully modeled rats were further randomly divided into the model group, positive control (simvastatin, 4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (0.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (1.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (2.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) <italic>U. diffracta</italic> ethanol extract groups, with eight rats in each group. After four weeks of intervention, the blood, aorta, ileum, and ileum content of rats in each group were collected. The levels of serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes in rat thoracic aorta was detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was conducted to determine the protein expression levels of tight junction protein zonula occluden (ZO-1) and Occludin in rat ileum, and the high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing technology was employed to detect changes in microbial diversity and abundance in rat ileum of each group. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited obvious aortic plaque deposition, increased LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but decreased ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly ameliorated the aortic plaque deposition of model rats, lowered serum LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes in the model group changed significantly in contrast to that in the normal group, and the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes(B/F) value declined (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Alpha and Beta diversity analysis indicated higher total number of intestinal flora species in the model group, but lower richness and uneven distribution (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with a large number of pathogenic bacteria enriched. The ethanol extract of <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly increased the B/F value, corrected the structural disorder of microbial flora in ileum, reduced pathogenic bacteria, and increased the relative abundance of probiotics. Conclusion:<italic>U. diffracta</italic> exerts the therapeutic effect against AS possibly by improving the intestinal microbial communities, strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier function, and reducing the serum LPS and inflammatory factors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906005

ABSTRACT

Gegen Qinliantang, a classic traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compound, has been verified in modern research to possess various pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammation,anti-oxidative stress,protecting intestinal mucosal barrier, and regulating intestinal flora and immune response. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease involving the colorectal mucosa, which mainly results from genetic susceptibility, intestinal mucosal barrier damage, abnormal immune response, intestinal flora disturbance, and bile acid metabolism disorders. By reviewing the literature published in recent years, this paper sorted out the relevant pathways and mechanisms involved in the treatment of UC by Gegen Qinliantang to provide ideas for further clinical and basic research. This literature review uncovered that Gegen Qinliantang exerted the therapeutic effects against UC mainly via interleukin-6(IL-6)/Janus tyrosine kinase 2(JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway, Toll like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway,Notch signaling pathway, and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) signaling pathway. Gegen Qinliantang regulates the intercellular molecular transmission in multiple pathways to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier, adjust the immune response and anti-oxidative stress, and relieve UC, demonstrating the multi-target, multi-mechanism, and multi-pathway advantages of TCM compounds.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of pain relief after acupuncture on walking speed, step length and ground reaction force (GRF) of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP) during walking. Methods:From May to December, 2019, 28 CNLBP patients were randomly divided into waiting list group (n = 14) and acupuncture group (n = 14). The acupuncture group received acupuncture, 30 minutes a time, three times a week, for four weeks. The waiting list group only received health education after enrollment until four weeks later. Gait analysis was performed with three-dimensional motion system for both groups after enrollment and one month later. The walking speed, step length and GRF characteristic values were recorded and compared, as well as Visual Analogue Score (VAS) for pain. Results:After intervention, The VAS decreased in both groups (t > 2.956, P < 0.05), and was lower in the acupuncture group than in the waiting list group (t = -2.844, P = 0.004). No significant difference in walking speed, step length and GRF characteristic values was found after intervention in both groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion:One month-acupuncture could relief the pain of CNLBP patients, however, it could not improve the performance during walking.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905221

ABSTRACT

Flexible variable stiffness actuator is divided into four categories including elastic element, pneumatic element, electric-magnetic element and intelligent material. It is gradually applied in rehabilitation robot. It could adapt the change of patient's impedance in the upper and lower limb rehabilitation robots, ensure the safety of the wearer in the exoskeleton, and improve the biomimetics in the prosthesis. Variable stiffness driving mechanism for rehabilitation robot still has some disadvantages. It is proposed to have compact structure, low power consumption, good stiffness characteristics, high response rate and progressive output torque curve, etc.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore national standard of occupational skills for assistive technology consultants in China based on the study of relevant international standards. Methods:After analyzing the international and some other national job content, work requirements, professional education and vocational training, and vocational standards of assistive technology consultants, the national occupational skills standard for assistive technology consultants in China was established referring to the compiling rules of national occupational skills standard. Results:According to the compiling rules of national occupational skills standard, the national occupational skills standard for assistive technology consultants in China included career situation, basic requirements, job requirements, and weight table, etc. Conclusion:The vocational development, structural framework and content of professional capacity for assistive technology consultants are studied. The draft of national occupational skills standard for rehabilitation assistive technology consultants has been compiled.

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