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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 817-822, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875888

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the diagnostic efficiency of FibroTouch, FibroScan, and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) for liver fibrosis in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the patients who underwent liver biopsy and were then diagnosed with PBC in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, from September 2014 to October 2018, and the METAVIR scoring system was used to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis and inflammation. Within 1 week after liver biopsy, FibroTouch, FibroScan, and ARFI were used to measure liver stiffness (LS); with pathological results as the gold standard, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to compare the value of FibroTouch, FibroScan, and ARFI in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in PBC patients, and related influencing factors were analyzed; Youden index was used to calculate the cut-off values of LS for different degrees of liver fibrosis. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups, and P value corrected by the Bonferroni method was used for further comparison between two groups. A Spearman correlation analysis was performed, and a multiple linear regression model was used for multivariate analysis. ResultsA total of 68 patients with PBC were enrolled in the study, among whom 13 had F0 liver fibrosis, 15 had F1 liver fibrosis, 18 had F2 liver fibrosis, 12 had F3 liver fibrosis, and 10 had F4 liver fibrosis. LS obtained by FibroTouch (FT-LS), LS obtained by FibroScan (FS-LS), and LS obtained by ARFI (ARFI-LS) were strongly positively correlated with the degree of liver fibrosis (r=0.798, 0.782, and 0.742, all P<0.001). FT-LS had AUCs of 0.922, 0.881, and 0.926, respectively, in the diagnosis of F≥2, F≥3, and F=4 liver fibrosis, and the corresponding cut-off values were 10.5 kPa, 15.8 kPa, and 17.5 kPa, respectively; FS-LS had AUCs of 0.918, 0.878, and 0.939, respectively, in the diagnosis of F≥2, F≥3, and F=4 liver fibrosis, and the corresponding cut-off values were 10.1 kPa, 12.9 kPa, and 18.2 kPa, respectively; ARFI-LS had AUCs of 0.904, 0.869, and 0.928, respectively, in the diagnosis of F≥2, F≥3, and F=4 liver fibrosis, and the corresponding cut-off values were 1.45 m/s, 1.83 m/s, and 2.08 m/s, respectively. There was no significant difference in diagnosing the same stage of liver fibrosis between FibroTouch, FibroScan, and ARFI (P>0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that degree of liver fibrosis (β=0.399, P<0.001), total bilirubin (β=0.466, P<0.001), and prothrombin time activity (β=-0.195, P=0.020) were influencing factors for FT-LS; degree of liver fibrosis (β=0370, P<0.001), aspartate aminotransferase (β=0.450, P<0.001), prothrombin time activity (β=-0.303, P=0.001), and alkaline phosphatase (β=-0.187, P=0.042) were influencing factors for FS-LS; degree of liver fibrosis (β=0.489, P<0.001), aspartate aminotransferase (β=0.467, P<0.001), and platelet count (β=-0.188, P=0.028) were influencing factors for ARFI-LS. ConclusionFibroTouch has similar efficiency to FibroScan and ARFI in the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in PBC patients, with relatively high diagnostic efficiency for significant liver fibrosis (F≥2) and liver cirrhosis (F=4), and therefore, it can be used as a reliable method for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in PBC patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 968-974, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910260

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the performance of liver and spleen stiffness measured by MR elastography (MRE) and their combined model in diagnosing liver fibrosis.Methods:From November 2018 to November 2019, 104 patients with chronic liver disease were prospectively enrolled in Beijing Friendship Hospital, all patients underwent MRE scans. Liver and spleen stiffness were measured from MRE elastograms. Liver biopsy was used to identify fibrosis stage (F0—F4). The differences among different fibrosis stages were analyzed by one-way ANOVA or independent samples t test. The Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation with fibrosis stages. Liver and spleen stiffness combined model was established by logistic regression. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the performance of the liver, spleen stiffness and combined model in staging fibrosis (≥F1), significant fibrosis (≥F2), advanced fibrosis (≥F3), and cirrhosis (F4).The area under the ROC curve(AUC) was compared using Delong test. Results:The liver and spleen stiffness both showed significant differences among the 5 fibrosis stages ( F=64.058, 32.890, both P<0.001). The liver and spleen stiffness were positively associated with fibrosis stage ( r s=0.89, 0.69, both P<0.001). The AUC of liver stiffness in staging ≥F1, ≥F2, ≥F3 were 0. 91, 0.97, 0.93, respectively. The corresponding AUCs of the spleen stiffness were 0.81, 0.82, 0.85, respectively, which were statistically lower than those of liver stiffness ( Z=2.283, 4.085, 2.314, P=0.022,<0.001, 0.021). In diagnosing F4, the AUCs of liver and spleen stiffness were both 0.95. The AUCs of the liver and spleen combined model were 0.92, 0.97, 0.93, 0.96 in diagnosing ≥F1, ≥F2, ≥F3 and F4, with no significantly differences from liver stiffness (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The liver stiffness measured with MRE have better diagnostic performance than spleen stiffness in staging fibrosis. Parameters combined model slightly improves diagnostic value but without significant difference with liver stiffness in staging early fibrosis. Spleen stiffness evaluation is feasible in detecting cirrhosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of anesthesia depth control on cognitive function and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB-1) level in older adult patients with breast cancer.Methods:Eighty-six female older adult patients with breast cancer who received mastectomy between June 2019 and June 2020 in the First Hospital of China Medical University, China were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo anesthesia with sodium phenobarbital and atropine at deep (bispectral index 30-45, deep anesthesia group, n = 43) or superficial level (bispectral index 45-60, superficial anesthesia group, n = 43). The mean arterial pressure, heart rate, HMGB-1 level, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score were assessed in each group. Results:There were no significant differences in mean arterial pressure and heart rate recorded during each time period between the deep anesthesia and superficial anesthesia groups (all P > 0.05). No significant difference in HMGB-1 level was found between the two groups before anesthesia induction and at the end of surgery (both P > 0.05). At 1 and 2 days after surgery, HMGB-1 level in the deep anesthesia group was (75.46 ± 3.33) pg/mL and (93.98 ± 4.32) pg/mL, respectively, which was significantly lower than that in the superficial anesthesia group [(87.89 ± 5.13) pg/mL and (121.01 ± 4.36) pg/mL, t = 13.327, 28.878, both P < 0.05)]. At 1 day before surgery, there was no significant difference in MMSE score between the two groups ( P > 0.05). In the deep anesthesia group, MMSE score was (26.73 ± 1.11) points, (28.16 ± 0.72) points, and (28.97 ± 0.88) points at 1, 3 and 6 days after surgery respectively, which was significantly higher than that in the superficial anesthesia group [(21.03 ± 1.46) points, (22.39 ± 1.24) points, and (24.69 ± 0.57) points, t = 20.380, 26.388, 26.768, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Deep anesthesia for mastectomy in older adult patients can reduce cognitive impairment and decrease HMGB-1 level after surgery, and plays a positive role in postoperative recovery.

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903187

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status of illness and consultation within two weeks among residents in a community in Chengdu.Methods:A multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to carry out a questionnaire survey among the residents in a community in Chengdu during March to April 2019. The disease status, disease severity and consultation within two weeks were surveyed, and influencing factors of two-week illness were analyzed with logistic regression.Results:Among 2 714 participants, 715 had illness (900 times) within two weeks, with a two-week prevalence rate of 26.3%. The main symptoms were dizziness (6.4%, 58/900), cough (6.2%, 56/900), lumbago and leg pain (4.9%, 44/900), palpitations (3.3%, 30/900) and headache (3.1%, 28/900). The three most common diseases were hypertension (38.3%, 345/900), diabetes (19.3%, 174/900) and common cold (6.4%, 58/900). In this survey, the rate of two-week in bed was 20.6‰(56/2 714), and the rate of two-week off work was 4.8‰(13/2 714). Age, gender, education level and work status were the influencing factors of the illness in two weeks ( P<0.05). The choice of medical institution was also different among residents. Conclusion:The survey suggest that primary care should focus on the key groups of residents in the community such as elderly, women, low education level, retirement and unemployed; and it is necessary to strengthen the primary care institutions and two-way referral system of health care.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 6-11, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel+ prednisone in the treatment of castrated resistant prostate cancer in patients over 75 years old.Methods:In this study, 118 metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients over 60 years old treated in Beijing Hospital from February 2013 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age of the patients was 72 (65, 77)years, ECOG scores ≤2. All 118 cases had bone metastasis, 5 cases had visceral metastasis. A total of 40 patients chose docetaxel as the first-line treatment of mCRPC, and the remaining 78 patients chose docetaxel as second-line or third-line treatment. The study included 53 patients >75 years old and 65 patients aged 60-75 years. The age of patients in the two groups were 67 (63, 71) years old and 78 (76, 83) years old, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among them, there were 24 cases with Gleason score ≤7 and 41 cases with Gleason score >7 in 60-75 years old group, and 30 cases with Gleason score ≤7 and 23 cases with Gleason score >7 in the group of >75 years old, with significant difference between the two groups ( P = 0.034). Sixty-one patients received endocrine therapy and 4 received orchiectomy in the 60-75 years old group; 43 patients received endocrine therapy and 10 received orchiectomy in the group of >75 years old, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.035). There were 37 cases with ECOG 0 score, 25 cases with 1 scores and 3 cases with 2 scores in the group of 60-75 years old; there were 5 cases with ECOG 0 score, 38 cases with 1 score and 10 cases with 2 score in the group of >75 years old, with significant difference between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in PSA level[ 90 (35.5, 258) ng/ml vs. 115 (60, 296) ng/ml], G8 scale score [(14.3±2.1 vs. 13.6±1.1)], Mini-Cog score[3(2, 3) vs. 3(1, 3)], and visceral metastasis [2 cases (3.1%) vs. 3 cases (5.7%)]( P>0.05). The efficacy and safety of docetaxel in the two groups were further observed. Results:The median follow-up time was 21.5 (6, 62) months. There was no significant difference in chemotherapy cycle [(6.1±1.3) vs. (6.8±1.7)] and chemotherapy dose [(70.3±4.3) mg/m 2 vs. (66.3±5.2) mg/m 2] between the 60-75 years old group and the >75 year old group ( P> 0.05). The PSA response rate [72.3%(47/65)vs.66.0%(35/53)], pain relief rate [45.0% (9/20) vs. 54.5% (6/11)], and median progression-free survival[6.1 (1.4, 11.2) months vs. 5.9 (2.0, 12.0) months] had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). There were no deaths in the two groups during chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) of patients aged 60-75 years and those >75 years old who received docetaxel as first-line treatment were 26.5 (16.1, 31.3) months and 24.8 (17.5, 28.4) months, respectively ( P=0.223). The median OS of the two groups were 17.3 (13.2, 20.5) months and 15.4 (12.3, 20.0) months with docetaxel treatment as second or third line treatment ( P=0.331). There were 3 cases (4.6%) and 5 cases (9.4%) of grade 3 adverse reactions in 60-75 years group and >75 years old group, respectively. Grade 3 leukopenia occurred in 1 case time (1.5%) and 2 cases (3.8%) respectively. Grade 3 neutropenia fever occurred in 1 case time in both groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of above complications between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The efficacy and safety of docetaxel + prednisone chemotherapy for mCRPC patients >75 years old were similar to those of 60-75 years old. Age should not be the absolute contraindication of docetaxel for prostate cancer chemotherapy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 107-111, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of serum IL-23 in predicting the progression of prostate cancer at different stages of treatment.Methods:A total of 124 patients with metastatic prostate cancer diagnosed in Beijing Hospital from June 2018 to March 2019 were collected.Patients were TNM-staged according to the Prostate Cancer Guidelines of the European Association of Urology.Serum IL-23 levels were measured in patients with metastatic castration resistance prostate cancer(mCRPC), metastatic castration sensitive prostate cancer(mCSPC)and benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH), respectively.Patients with mCRPC were subgrouped based on disease stability, and serum IL-23 levels were compared between the subgroups.Serum IL-23 levels in the groups were analyzed and compared with the Gleason score and the prostate-specific antigen(PSA)level.Results:The median value of serum IL-23 in the mCRPC group was 79.73(45.61, 95.63)μg/L, which was higher than that in the BPH group[30.88(15.01, 44.94)μg/L, Z=22.66, P=0.000]and the mCSPC group[46.10(35.27, 80.92)μg/L, Z=11.46, P=0.001]. Serum IL-23 levels were higher in the mCSPC group than in the BPH group( Z=7.17, P=0.007). Analysis for the subgroups showed that the median value of serum IL-23 was 110.25(88.47, 159.09)μg/L in mCRPC patients with unstable disease, which was higher than that in mCRPC patients with stable disease[46.52(44.97, 80.33)μg/L, Z=33.99, P=0.000]. There was no significant difference in serum IL-23 levels between mCRPC patients with stable disease and mCSPC patients[46.10(35.27, 80.92)μg/L]( Z=0.35, P=0.554). Conclusions:Serum IL-23 can be used as a potential biological indicator to predict the therapeutic effect of mCSPC and to predict tumor metastasis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of intramedullary nailing for femoral shaft fracture in adolescents.Methods:From May 2017 to October 2019, 30 adolescent patients with femoral shaft fracture were treated at Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. They were 20 males and 10 females, aged from 12 to 17 years (average, 14 years), with 13 left and 17 right sides affected. They were all fixated with intramedullary nailing; open reduction and internal fixation was performed in 12 cases and closed reduction and internal fixation in 18 cases. Recorded were operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and time for postoperative antibiotic use; compared were lower limb length, neck-shaft angle, femoral neck diameter (FND), articular trochanteric distance (ATD) and Harris scores between the healthy and affected sides at the final follow-up.Results:For the 18 patients undergoing closed reduction and 12 patients undergoing open reduction, respectively, the intraoperative blood loss averaged 153.2 mL and 238.0 mL, the operation time 70.5 min and 91.5 min, and the time for antibiotic use 1.5 d and 3.0 d. The 30 patients were followed up for 12 to 41 months (average, 20.3 months). Follow-up revealed no such complications as fracture nonunion, delayed union, malunion, heterotopic ossification of the hip, refracture of the femoral shaft, or developmental deformity of the proximal femur. The lower limb length, neck-shaft angle, FND, ATD and Harris scores at the final follow-up were, respectively, 133.4°±2.3°, (29.3±4.2) mm, (27.1±6.3) mm and 96.4±3.6 for the affected side, insignificantly different from those for the healthy side [132.4°±3.5°, (30.2±3.6) mm, (26.4±6.8) mm and 95.6±4.7] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Intramedullary nailing is effective for femoral shaft fracture in adolescents, leading to positive efficacy and limited complications and impact on the development of proximal femur.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 553-557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and investigate the effect and mechanism of intrathecal injecting miR-125b mimic on regulating microglial and its-mediated NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation after spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury (SCIRI) in rats.Methods:120 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham group (sham group, intrathecal injection of normal saline), injury group (IR group, intrathecal injection of normal saline), mimic group (IR+ intrathecal injection of miR-125b mimic) and control group (IR+ intrathecal injection of miR-125b control). In sham group, the aortic arch was exposed without clamping. In other groups, the aortic arch was clamped for 14 minutes, and then the artery clamp was removed to prepare SCIRI model. Rats in each group were given intrathecal injection for 3 consecutive days before operation, once a day. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the morphology of microglia and count the number of activated cells 48 hours after injury; double immunofluorescence was used to observe the distribution of Iba-1 and NLRP3 in cells. The protein expression of Iba-1, NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 in spinal cord were determined by Western blot, and the inflammatory factor IL-1 β was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:The activated microglias exhibited the amoeba morphology and increased Iba-1 fluorescence signal in immunofluorescence. The microglias in spinal dorsal horn of Sham group were all branched-like morphology and absent of the increased Iba-1 signal at 48 h post-IR. And the microglias in IR and control groups was all amoeba-like morphology with obviously increased number and intensity of Iba-1 signal, whereas in mimic group, the microglias were mixed morphology with the less increased number and intensity of Iba-1 signal ( P<0.05). And NLRP3 signals were mainly distributed in microglias with increased Iba-1 signal. Meantime, compared with Sham group, the protein expression of Iba-1, NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1 and IL-1β were significantly increased in IR group ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the above-mentioned protein expression were decreased in mimic group ( P<0.05). There were no statistical differences between IR and control groups in the above-mentioned protein levels ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Intrathecal injection of miR-125b mimic inhibits the SCIRI-induced microglial activation and then reduces NLRP3 inflammasome expression in spinal cords, thereby exerting an effective anti-inflammatory effects.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 111-114, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the hazardous status of respiratory dust in coal mining enterprises. METHODS: A total of 20 coal mining enterprises in a mining group were selected as the research subjects using a cluster random sampling method. Respiratory dust in the workplace was detected, and the incidence of pneumoconiosis was investigated. RESULTS: The dust types in the workplace of these 20 coal mining enterprises were mainly coal dust and silica dust. The posts with serious coal dust hazard were coal mining and tunneling posts. The M(P_0-P_(100)) of the exposure concentration of time weighted average(C_(TWA)) were 2.38(0.19-14.21) and 2.73(0.49-9.57) mg/m~3. The over-standard rate was 49.2% and 50.0%, respectively, that was higher than the post of gangue selection(all P<0.05 or all P<0.017). The results of short time exposure concentration of short term(C_(STE)) and the over-standard rate were higher in the coal mining and tunneling posts than those of gangue selection and boiler room post(all P<0.05 or all P<0.008). The most serious post with silica dust hazard was the tunneling post, and the M(P_0-P_(100))of C_(TWA) was 1.30(0.38-8.50) mg/m~3, and the over-standard rate was 85.7%. The detection results and over-standard rate of C_(STEL) were higher in the coal mining and tunneling posts than that of boiler room post(all P<0.01). The coal dust over-standard rate of C_(TWA) in workplaces of coal mining enterprises increased from 2015 to 2018(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the over-standard rate of silica dust C_(TWA) in different years(P>0.05). From 2015 to 2018, the incidence of pneumoconiosis was 0.3%, 0.3%, 0.2% and 0.3% respectively, and the patients were all from coal mining and tunneling posts. CONCLUSION: The supervision, management and treatment of respiratory dust hazard in coal mining and tunneling posts should be strengthened to protect the health of workers.

11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 636-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895483

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders. @*Methods@#Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors. @*Results@#We found that more male (8.3%) than female students (5.4%) had moderate and severe IA. The main online activity in the moderate and severe IA groups was online gaming in males and online streaming in females. Roommates engaging in similar internetbased entertainment was a risk factor of IA only for males, while not being in a romantic relationship was a risk factor of IA for females only. Infatuation with the internet before college and adjustment problems for college life were shared risk factors for both genders in the mild and moderate IA groups. @*Conclusion@#IA was a common phenomenon in college students with shared and unique precipitating and social risk factors in males and females. The gender-sensitive risk factors for IA warranted earlier and individualized intervention and prevention strategies for IA in this population.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862539

ABSTRACT

Liver cirrhosis is the leading cause of liver-related death globally, and the most common causes of liver cirrhosis are chronic hepatitis B and C, alcoholic liver disease, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Recent studies have shown that despite an increase in the number of deaths due to liver cirrhosis around the world, there is a reduction in age-standardized death. In China, there are increases in number of patients with liver cirrhosis, prevalence rate of liver cirrhosis, number of deaths due to liver cirrhosis, and mortality rate of liver cirrhosis, while there are reductions in age-standardized prevalence rate and mortality rate; chronic hepatitis B remains the main cause of liver cirrhosis, with a gradual increase in the proportion of liver cirrhosis cases caused by alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862981

ABSTRACT

Nephrotic syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by massive proteinuria, serum hypoalbuminemia, edema, hyperlipidemia.Most children can get relief with hormone therapy, but 15%~20% of children with hormone resistance eventually reach to end-stage nephropathy.Genes associated with steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome(SRNS)include NPHS1, NPHS2, CD2AP, TRPC6 encoding the slit diaphragm of podocytes, ACTN4 and INF2 encoding podocyte cytoskeleton proteins, WT1 encoding the nucleus of podocytes, COQ2 and COQ6 encoding mitochondrial proteins of podocytes, LAMB2 encoding glomerular basement membrane proteins.Research have found that one mutation in one of these molecules is enough to cause SRNS, so SRNS is also known as podocyte molecular disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862949

ABSTRACT

C1q nephropathy is a special type of glomerulonephritis, which characterized by massive deposition of C1q on glomerular mesangial.The pathological manifestations of C1q nephropathy are minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and proliferative glomerulonephritis.C1q nephropathy is prone to hormone dependence or resistance, and the prognosis is not good relatively.The pathogenesis of the disease is not clear.The clinical manifestations are quite different.Glucocorticoid is still the first choice for treatment.Immunosuppressive agents are often used in patients with hormone dependence or resistance.It has been found that the rituximab has good curative effect on C1q nephropathy in recent years.Although the understanding and research on C1q nephropathy is deepening, there is still much controversy about whether to classify C1q nephropathy into a class of independent diseases and the clinical significance of their classification.In this paper, the pathogenesis, pathological histology, clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of C1q nephropathy are reviewed in order to have a better understanding of C1q nephropathy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826720

ABSTRACT

Based on the three books of - (1931), - (1940) and - (1955) written by Mr. -, the classification of facial diseases as well as the records and evolution process of Chinese and western disease names are summarized and analyzed to discuss Mr. -'s understanding of facial diseases in different periods. Through the systematic analysis and comparison in the trilogy of acupuncture and moxibustion, the characteristics of syndrome differentiation and diagnosis-treatment of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment for facial diseases by Mr. - are summarized, including clinical syndrome differentiation and treatment, which is adjusted with syndrome changes; simplified selection of acupoints, with attention on empirical acupoints; the strength of acupuncture is based on efficacy; acupuncture and moxibustion has specific indication; combination of acupuncture and medication could bring out the best in each other.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Books , Face , Pathology , Humans , Moxibustion
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the the expression and significance of MAPK8 gene in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) .Methods: 17 cases of oral normal tissues and 42 of OSCC tissues were collected. The relative expression of MAPK8 mRNA was detected by Real-Time PCR, the expression of MAPK8 protein was detected by immunohistochemical SP method. Results: Over expression of MAPK8 mRNA and protein was observed in OSCC (P < 0. 05), the expression was correlated with the differentiation (P < 0. 05) and clinical stage (P < 0. 05) of the lesion, but not with the age (P> 0. 05) and gender (P> 0. 05) . Conclusion: MAPK8 gene may play an important role in the development of OSCC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743436

ABSTRACT

Objective · To analyze the multidetector CT (MDCT) manifestations of mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) and further explore the diagnostic value of MDCT in acute and chronic MVT. Methods · MDCT findings of 47 MVT patients clinically confirmed in Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Second People's Hospital in Kashgar from January 2012 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean CT value of thrombus on CT axial images of acute and chronic MVT was measured and calculated. According to CT values and CT manifestations, differences between the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results · Among 47 patients with MVT, there were 46 (97.87%) with filling defect of mesenteric vein and its branches, 34 (72.34%) with dilatation of blood vessels at the thrombosis site, 30 (63.82%) with intestinal wall thickening, 9 (19.15%) with enhanced delamination of intestinal wall, 11 (23.40%) with intestinal dilatation, 21 (44.68%) with ascites, and 25 (53.19%) with mesenteric edema. The mean CT value of MVT thrombus in acute group [ (42.88±17.77) HU] was higher than that in chronic group [ (31.80±6.18) HU] (P<0.05). The proportion of MVT with vasodilation and target sign in acute group was higher than that in chronic group (P<0.05). There was no difference in the ratio of other signs between the two groups. Conclusion · The MDCT findings of MVT patients are characteristic. CT value of thrombus, vasodilation and target sign are valuable in evaluating acute and chronic MVT.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802115

ABSTRACT

Zhaoqing city is located in the midwest of Guangdong province,the middle and lower reaches of the mainstream of the Xijiang river.Many species of southern medicines grow very well in the Xijiang river basin of Zhaoqing because of existing of enormous mountainous and hilly areas,loose and fertile soil,warm climate,as well as abundant sunshine and rain.Zhaoqing has a long history of cultivating some species of southern medicines.For example,Cinnamomi Cortex was planted more than 300 years ago in Zhaoqing.Under the advocacy of national policy,the planting scale of some species of southern medicines expanded rapidly since 1980s.Up to now,plantation of the 4 species of southern medicines,namely,Morindae Officinalis Radix,Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus,Polygoni Multiflori Radix and Cinnamomi Cortex,has developed into a important representative industry in Zhaoqing.Zhaoqing also develops into the genuine producing area of this 4 species of southern medicines currently,and these products are sold well at home and abroad.Although great progress has been made in southern medicine industry in Zhaoqing,there still exist lots of problems for its future development,such as scattering planting instead of overall program,impure germplasm resources,plant diseases and insect pests,pesticide residue and pollution of heavy metal,lack of quality control in trading process,as well as absence of deep-processing and additional value of products.This paper analyzes the development status,advantages and problems of southern medicine industry in Zhaoqing,and puts forward some corresponding measures and suggestions.These proposals may have important guiding significance for promoting the development of local southern medicine industry.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801827

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of phlegm and blood stasis on the expressions of sirtuin 3(SIRT3)protein and urate transporter 1(URAT1) mRNA in skeletal muscle of diabetic rats with gout. Method: The 40 healthy rats, excepting the normal group, the remaining groups were fed with high-fat diet combined with low-dose streptozotocin solution (40 mg·kg-1) once a day, with blood glucose "16.7 mmol·L-1" as the criterion for the diabetes model. After 4 days, the 5% sodium urate solution was injected into the joint cavity once to induce the gout model. After the successful modeling, the Biling group (10 g·kg-1), the indomethacin group (5 mg·kg-1) and the pioglitazone group (10 mg·kg-1) continued to be administered for 21 days. The normal group and the model group were given the same amount of normal saline. The expression of SIRT3 protein in skeletal muscle tissue was determined by Western blot, URAT1 mRNA expression in bone tissue was detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR),and blood was collected to measure blood glucose (GLU), blood uric acid (UA) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Result: Compared with the normal group, GLU, UA and CRP in the model group were significantly increased (PPPPPPPPConclusion: Biling Qutong prescription with effects in purging turbidity, detoxifying and dredging collaterals can significantly reduce the content of serum inflammatory factor CRP, significantly increase the protein expression of SIRT3 in skeletal muscle tissue of model rats, lower the content of URAT1 mRNA, reduce the blood glucose and blood uric acid levels in diabetic gout rats, and protect joints.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of vasa previa, to explore the application value of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth by antenatal ultrasound, then to increase vasa previa detection rate.@*Methods@#Prenatal ultrasound images, clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome of 35 pregnant women with vasa previa confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively, the diagnostic effectiveness of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth was evaluated.@*Results@#Thirty-three of the 35 vasa previa cases were detected by sector scanning in the intracervical mouth, with a detection rate of 94.3% (33/35). Of the 35 cases, 20 cases (60.6%) were first contacted in second trimester and 13 cases (39.4%) were first contacted in third trimester. Two cases were missed or misdiagnosed, which were all first contact in third trimester. Among the 35 cases, 25 were velamentous placenta and 4 were battledore placenta. Twenty cases were low-lying placenta or marginal placenta previa. All 35 women underwent cesarean section. No neonatal mortality, 11 term infants, 20 premature infants of more than 34 weeks and 4 premature infants of less than 34 weeks. All placentas underwent pathological examination after delivery, 4 cases placentas underwent vascular casting, and it was found that 2 cases were vasa previa of umbilical artery branch and 2 cases were vasa previa of allantoic veins branch.@*Conclusions@#Vasa previa can be effectively detected by prenatal ultrasonography through sector scanning in the intracervical mouth. Second trimester is the best period to detect vasa previa. Pathomorphological examination on placenta after delivery and vascular casting are helpful to the understanding of vasa previa.

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