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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928066

ABSTRACT

Qingjin Huatan Decoction is a classic prescription with the effects of clearing heat, moistening lung, resolving phlegm, and relieving cough. In order to explore the critical quality attributes of Qingjin Huatan Decoction, we identified the blood components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) under the following conditions, chromatographic column: Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm); mobile phase: 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B); gradient elution; flow rate: 0.2 mL·min~(-1); column temperature: 30 ℃; injection volume: 5 μL. The electrospray ionization(ESI) source was used to collect data in both positive and negative ion modes under the following conditions, capillary voltage: 3 kV for the positive ion mode and 2 kV for the negative ion mode; ion source temperature: 110 ℃; cone voltage: 30 V; cone gas flow rate: 50 L·h~(-1); nitrogen degassing temperature: 350 ℃; degassing volume flow rate: 800 L·h~(-1); scanning range: m/z 50-2 000. In this experiment, a total of 66 related components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction were identified, including 22 prototype components and 44 metabolites. The results of this study preliminarily revealed the pharmacodynamic material basis of Qingjin Huatan Decoction in vivo, which has provided an experimental basis for the determination of quality markers of Qingjin Huatan Decoction and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923782

ABSTRACT

To set the cultivation goal with adaptation to rural order-oriented medical students, the teaching mode of Human Parasitology was reformed in the context of curriculum ideological and political education. The new teaching mode not only enables students to harvest medical knowledge during the school education stage, but also plays a guiding role in cultivation of humanistic qualities and professional spirit, which provides a basis for cultivating general practitioners serving for grassroots healthcare.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 800-807, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the composition of chemical constituents of Sargassum fusiforme and its in vitro anti- neuroinflammatory activity ,and to provide reference for its development and utilization and the study of pharmacodynamic substances. METHODS UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis method and GC-MS/MS method were used to analyze the chemical constituents of S. fusiforme . The lipopolysaccharide (1 μg/mL)was adopted to establish the inflammatory model of neuromicroglia BV2. Using paroxetine (5 μg/mL)as positive control ,CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effects of the extracts of S. fusiforme (20,40,60,80,100 μg/mL)on the activity and morphology of neuromicroglia BV 2. The effects of the extracts of S. fusiforme (40,60,80 μg/mL)on the contents of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α)and interleukin- 6(IL-6)in cell supernatant were detected by ELISA. RESULTS A total of 103 non-volatile constituents were identified by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS ,and 60 volatile constituents were obtained by GC-MS/MS. The extracts of S. fusiforme (40,60,80 μ g/mL) could significantly reduce the abnormally increased activation of neuromicroglia BV 2 and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 due to lipopolysaccharide (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The study establish the full spectrum of chemical constituents of S. fusiforme ,and it is confirmed that fusiforme has certain in vitro anti-neuroinflammatory activity.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1143-1147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909676

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a common pulmonary interstitial disease with unknown etiology. Its pathogenesis is unknown and there is no specific drug. Its progress is urgent and its prognosis is heterogeneous. Many studies have found that abnormal immune system function of the body and lungs may be related to the pathogenesis, progression and prognosis of IPF. Combined with the literature, this paper comprehensively analyzes the distribution of IPF related immune cells, cytokines and immunoglobulins in peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of IPF patients, and discusses the research potential and clinical application potential value of these cells and molecular markers as immune evaluation and monitoring for IPF diagnosis, condition evaluation and prognosis prediction.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1138-1142,1147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909675

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are difficult, due to the complicated classification and the unknown etiology. In the scope of ILD, in addition to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), there are some diseases still progressing after active treatment, the degree of fibrosis continues to aggravate, lung function continues to deteriorate and the early mortality rate rises. Their prognosis are similar to IPF. We collectively refer to these diseases with similar progression as progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (PF-ILD). PF-ILD is a new concept which was put forward in recent years. However, there is no clear consensus to guide the diagnosis and treatment of such diseases. This review comprehensively elaborates the definition, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and future research directions of PF-ILD, which will help us better understand and manage PF-ILD in the future.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1133-1137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909674

ABSTRACT

Impulse oscillometry (IOS) and exhaled nitric oxide fraction determination (FeNO) are two detection methods to evaluate lung function, which can provide important functional information not captured in standardized lung function tests. These two methods may be promising disease assessment and detection tools for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Therefore, it is necessary to standardize IOS and FeNO methods. This paper reviews the research progress of IOS and FeNO in IPF, and discusses the limitations of these two detection methods and their application value in IPF.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1128-1132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP), so as to provide reference for clinicians and improve the level of diagnosis and treatment.Methods:14 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of CEP in Xiangya Second Hospital of Central South University from January 2012 to July 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, imaging characteristics, diagnosis and treatment were analyzed.Results:The male to female ratio of 14 patients with CEP was 6∶1, with a median age of 51 years. 3 patients had allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, rash and other allergic history. The course of the disease was about 4 months. The common symptoms included cough (14 cases), expectoration (13 cases), shortness of breath (10 cases), and occasional extrathoracic symptoms such as rash and lymphadenopathy (2 cases). Eight patients had abnormal pulmonary auscultation, mainly coarse respiratory sounds of both lungs and scattered dry and wet rales. The eosinophil count (EOS) in peripheral blood was increased in all patients, and the median EOS count was about 1.42×10 9/L. Total serum IgE increased in 11 patients, of which 10 cases were more than 1 000 ng/ml. Pulmonary function tests were performed in 11 patients, including 5 cases of normal pulmonary function, 3 cases of obstructive ventilation dysfunction and 3 cases of restrictive ventilation dysfunction. All 14 patients underwent lung computer tomography (CT) examination. Most of them (13 cases) were double lung infiltration. The pathological signs were mainly patch shadow (6 cases), ground glass shadow (4 cases), grid shadow (3 cases) and consolidation shadow (3 cases), and scattered nodule shadow (3 cases) was seen in some cases; Mediastinal or hilar lymphadenopathy occurred in 6 patients. 9 patients underwent bronchoscopic alveolar lavage (BAL) and cell classification and counting. Only 3 cases had EOS counts higher than the normal value (normal value<3%). 10 patients underwent bronchoscopic lung biopsy, and 6 patients had EOS infiltration in lung tissue. 9 patients were treated with glucocorticoids, 8 patients were treated with oral corticosteroids (OCS) (prednisone or methylprednisolone), and the initial dose was 30-50 mg; One case was treated with budesonide atomization alone; Five patients were not diagnosed with CEP, only used antibiotics or other symptomatic treatment, and did not use hormones. Conclusions:As a rare pulmonary disease, CEP has no specific clinical manifestations. The common symptoms are cough, expectoration, shortness of breath, etc, which is easily misdiagnosed. Laboratory tests often indicate increased peripheral blood EOS count and total IgE, and imaging usually shows diffuse infiltration in both lungs, with lymph node enlargement. OCS therapy is the first-line treatment for CEP. The short-term prognosis after OCS treatment is good, but it is prone to relapse. Some novel monoclonal antibody biologics can be used as alternative therapy.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1121-1127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909672

ABSTRACT

Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown etiology that affects almost any organ. The clinical presentation, treatment responsiveness and outcome varies widely between patients. Patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis always need individualized treatment and should be monitored. In order to meet the above clinical needs, countries have successively formulated clinical diagnosis and treatment norms of sarcoidosis. This includes the clinical consensus on pulmonary sarcoidosis (BTS consensus) launched by the British Thoracic Society (BTS) in December 2020. This paper briefly describes the main parts of the BTS consensus to provide reference for the majority of clinical workers.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To uncover the effect of circ0025847 on the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and its molecular mechanisms.Methods:qRT-PCR was utilized to analyze the expression of circ0025847 and QK1 in human colorectal cancer cells (HCT116, SW480) and normal mucosa cells (NCM460) .CCK-8 was used to analyze the effect of circ0025847 and QK1 on proliferation in colorectal cancer cells. Bioinformatics method was used to screen RBP which could bind to circ0025847. RNA pulldown and RIP was utilized to confirm whether QK1 binds to circ0025847.Effects of circ0025847 over-expression on QK1 expression was analyzed by Western blot.NC group, circ0025847 overexpression group and circ0025847 overexpression+ QK1 inhibitor group were established and the proliferation effect was determined by CCK8.Results:circ0025847 (the expression levels in NCM460, HCT116 and SW480 cells were 1.01±0.05, 0.49±0.08, 0.45±0.10) and QK1 (the expression levels in NCM460, HCT116 and SW480 cells were 0.98±0.07, 0.50±0.07, 0.47±0.09) expression was significantly downregulated in colorectal cancer cells. Overpression of circ0025847 and QK1 suppressed colorectal cancer cells growth.RNA pull-down and RIP clarified that circ0025847 bind to QK1 and circ0025847 positively regulate QK1 expression (7 199.20±12.44 VS 3 889.80±11.03) . circ0025847 inhibiting the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells by promoting the expression of QK1 was confirmed by rescue experiment.Conclusion:circ0025847 inhibits colorectal cancer cells proliferation via positively regulating QK1 expression, indicating that circ0025847 may be potential therapeutic target of colorectal cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907708

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disorder characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and infiltration of IgG4 positive blood cells in the affected organs. However, other conditions like malignancy as well as connective tissue diseases, may show similar findings. A 56-year-old male patient visited Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University for recurrent fever and chest pain for more than 1 month. Preliminary tests diagnosed as IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD). However, the improvement of symptoms was absent after the treatment with methylprednisolone. The patient underwent the second biopsy and the result eventually demonstrated lung adenocarcinoma. The role of IgG4 in the pathogenesis or prognosis for lung adenocarcinoma remains unclear. Therefore, a thorough evaluation of symptoms, test of specific serum markers and eventually pathological confirmation are required to avoid misdiagnosis.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2015-2024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887005

ABSTRACT

UDP glucosyltransferase (UDPGT) catalyzes the synthesis of secondary metabolites and plant hormones to regulate plant growth and development, pathogen defense and environmental adaptability. In this study 18 members of the RcUDPGT gene family were cloned from Tibetan Rhodiola crenulata and analyzed using bioinformatics. The tissue-specific expression, abiotic stresses and plant hormones (abscisic acid, auxin, methyl jasmonate) induced expression patterns were identified by real-time quantitative PCR. The bait vector of RcUDPGT (JX228125.1) was constructed to select interacting proteins from an Arabidopsis yeast library. The results of the bioinformatics analysis revealed that RcUDPGT nucleotide sequences were about 1 400 bp and encoded 452-498 amino acids. In the primary protein sequences, C-terminal sequences were more conserved compared with N-terminal regions, which held a PSPG (plant secondary product glycosyltransferase) domain. In the tertiary structures, RcUDPGTs contained a UDP sugar donor recognition binding site. In addition, all genes had multiple phosphorylation sites. The results of qRT-PCR showed that RcUDPGTs genes were expressed in root, stem and leaf. The expression levels were regulated by low temperature/ultraviolet light and various plant hormones (ABA, IAA, MeJA), but the expression patterns were quite different among them. For example, RcUDPGT6, RcUDPGT11, and RcUDPGT17 had the highest expression in leaves and were induced by all three hormones, suggesting that the functions of these genes might be to respond to environmental changes. RcUDPGT9, RcUDPGT10, RcUDPGT14 were most abundantly expressed in roots and were significantly induced by ABA and MeJA hormones, indicating that these genes may be involved in the synthesis and accumulation of salidroside. Yeast two-hybrid results showed that RcUDPGT did not exhibit autoactivation and cell toxicity, and two significant interactional genes were identified, AtKCR1 (AT1G67730.1) and AtSNL4 (AT1G70060). The AtKCR1 gene encodes a β-ketoacyl reductase (KCR) involved in synthesis of very long chain fatty acids. The AtSNL4 gene encodes a homolog of the transcriptional repressor SIN3, which could participate in the ABA hormone signaling pathway and enhance the transcriptional repression of AP2/EREBP class factors in Arabidopsis. These results suggest that the accumulation of the secondary metabolite salidroside in Rhodiola crenulata might be affected by several regulatory mechanisms. The above results may lay the foundation for understanding the adaptive mechanism of Rhodiola crenulata in a high altitude environment and stimulate an in-depth study of the synthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites in this species.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881051

ABSTRACT

Huatan Jiangzhuo decoction (HJD) is a combination of six traditional Chinese medicines that were used for lipid metabolism-related disorders, but its efficacy and underlying mechanisms have not been explored by modern research strategies. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic role of HJD in determining the transcriptome level. Hyperlipidemia model was established by feeding Sprague-Dawley rats with high-fat diet. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected by high-through transcriptome sequencing, followed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. The total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels in hyperlipidemia model rats were significantly increased, whereas high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentration decreased when compared to normal rats, and HJD significantly downregulated TC concentrations and liver coefficient in the hyperlipidemia rats. Histology staining showed that HDJ greatly recovered the lipid accumulation in rat hepatic stellate cells and aortic arch vascular wall thickness of hyperlipidemia rats. One thousand nine hundred and thirty-six DEGs were identified in the HJD-treated hyperlipidemia rats, which were associated with various biological processes and signaling pathways such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, AMP-activated Protein Kinase , and insulin signaling pathways. Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction further confirmed the downregulated expression of cholesterol 7-α-hydroxylase(CYP7A1), liver orphan receptor(LXRα),peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPARγ),andSterol Response Element-Binding Protein 1c(SREBP1c) genes in hyperlipidemia rats treated with HJD. Our data first elucidated the gene expression profile of high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia in rats after HJD treatment, and lipid metabolism-related genes (CYP7A1, LXRα, PPARγ, and SREBP1c) may be potentially biomarkers for HJD-alleviated hyperlipidemia.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880660

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic fatal pulmonary disease characterized by complex illness condition. There is no effective treatment at present except lung transplantation. The comprehensive evaluation is helpful for the management of patients with IPF in hierarchical stages. Therefore, it is very important to evaluate IPF by various independent factors. At present, the commonly used methods for clinical evaluation on IPF include assessment of health-related quality of life, assessment of physiological function, assessment of imaging, assessment of laboratory examination, and multi-dimensional assessment system. However, there are different advantages and disadvantages on diverse evaluation methods for the evaluation of IPF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnosis , Quality of Life
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease with non-specific and various clinical manifestations, often leading to misdiagnosis. This study aims to raise the awareness of this disease via summarizing the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and therapy of PAP.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 25 hospitalized cases of PAP during 2008 and 2019 in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University.@*RESULTS@#Cough with unkown reason and dyspnea were common clinical manifastations of PAP. Five patients had a history of occupational inhalational exposure. Sixteen patients had typical image features including ground-glass opacification of alveolar spaces and thickening of the interlobular and intralobular septa, in typical shapes called crazy-paving and geographic pattern. Fourteen patients underwent pulmonary function tests, revealing a reduction in the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. The positive rate of transbronchial biopsy was 95%. Five patients received the whole lung lavage and the symptoms and imaging fcauters significantly relieved after five-years follow-up.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PAP is characterized by radiographic pattern and pathology. Transbronchial lung biopsy is effective to make diagnosis of PAP. The whole lung lavage remains a efficient therapy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Cough , Dyspnea , Humans , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878987

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Gegen Qinlian Decoction(GQD) on enzyme activity, gene expression and methylation level of fatty acid synthase(FASN) in adipose tissue from rats with insulin resistance induced by high-fat diet. The 60% fat-powered high-fat diet was continuously given to male SD rats to induce the insulin resistance model. Then, they were divided into five groups randomly and administrated by gavage every day for 16 weeks with following drugs respectively: 10 mL·kg~(-1)water for control group(C) and insulin resistance model control group(IR), 1.65 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for low-dose group(GQDL), 4.95 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for medium-dose group(GQDM), 14.85 g·kg~(-1)GQD per day for high-dose group(GQDH), and 5 mg·kg~(-1) rosiglitazone per day for rosiglitazone group(RGN). Epididymal adipose tissue was taken to determine enzyme activity of FASN by colorimetric method, mRNA expression level of Fasn by quantitative Real-time PCR(Q-PCR) and CpGs methylation level between +313 and +582 by bisulfite sequencing PCR(BSP). These results showed that Fasn expression was significantly lowered in IR model rats compared with the control rats(P<0.01). Enzymatic activity and CpGs methylation level of Fasn in IR group showed downward trends. Low and medium-dose GQD can increase enzyme activity of FASN(P<0.05). Moreover, low-dose GQD increased the total CpGs methylation level of Fasn fragment between +313 and +582 in insulin resistance rats(P<0.05). For GQDM group, the methylation frequency of CpGs at positions +506 and +508(P<0.01) as well as the methylation frequency of CpGs on the binding sites of transcription factorzinc finger protein 161(P<0.05) were significantly increased. The methylation frequency of CpG at +442 position was positively correlated with Fasn expression(P<0.01, r=0.735), and methylation frequencies of CpGs at +345 and +366 positions were positively associated to enzyme activity of FASN respectively(P<0.05, r=0.479; P<0.01, r=0.640). In conclusion, GQD can reverse enzyme activity of FASN and methylation level of Fasn in adipose tissue of insulin resistant rats, and CpG sites at positions +506 and +508 may be the targets of GQD. The methylation level of CpGs at + 345 and + 366 sites were possibly related to FASN activity, while methylation of CpG at + 442 site may be closely correlated with mRNA level of Fasn. In addition, GQD did not significantly change mRNA expression level of Fasn, but effectively reversed enzymatic activity, suggesting that GQD may regulate the post transcriptional expression of Fasn.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fatty Acid Synthases/genetics , Gene Expression , Insulin Resistance/genetics , Male , Methylation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2558-2569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837521

ABSTRACT

Resveratrol possesses a wide range of biological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, induction of apoptosis, etc., but its poor drug properties, rapid metabolism, low target selectivity and bioavailability limit its application value. Studies have shown that modification of the structure of natural compounds can improve their pharmacological activities. To improve the bioavailability of resveratrol, many researchers have undertaken the synthesis and activity evaluation of resveratrol derivatives and analogues. They have modified the phenolic hydroxyl groups, double bonds and benzene ring of resveratrol so as to further understand the interactions among functional groups and its structure-activity relationship. In this paper, we review the chemical structures, synthetic methods and mechanisms of biological activity of resveratrol monomer derivatives as well as their related therapeutic applications, especially in the anticancer area over the last decade. This will provide some reference value for the further research and development of resveratrol-related drugs.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2124-2128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829718

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analyze the therapeutic effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)drugs on patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO-ME)in different age groups.<p>METHODS: The study retrospectively reviewed 102 patients(102 eyes)with CRVO-ME treated with intravitreal injection of ranibizumab in ophthalmology department of the hospital between February 2017 and March 2019. The subjects were divided into CM1 group(under 50 years old, 50 cases, 50 eyes)and CM2 group(50 years old or older, 52 cases, 52 eyes), and were followed up for 12mo after treatment. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), central macular thickness(CMT), intraocular pressure, average injection times, first injection interval, and complications were recorded.<p>RESULTS: After treatment, the BCVA of both groups was improved, and the CMT decreased. Besides, CM1 group had better BCVA and CMT than CM2 group at 9mo and 12mo(<i>P</i><0.001). At 1mo, 2mo, and 3mo, the intraocular pressure of both groups was higher than that before treatment(<i>P</i><0.01). The intraocular pressures of both groups was lower at 6mo and 9mo than at 3mo after treatment(<i>P</i><0.05), which returned to the pre-treatment level at 12mo(<i>P</i>>0.05). Additionally, CM1 group had lower intraocular pressure than CM2 group at 1mo, 2mo, and 3mo after treatment(<i>P</i><0.01). The average injection times in CM1 group was(3.24±0.35), more than(2.38±0.26)in CM2 group, and the first injection interval(1.75±0.19mo)was shorter than(4.13±0.42mo)in CM2 group(<i>P</i><0.01). No serious complications such as cataract aggravation, retinal detachment, and endophthalmitis were observed in the two groups during follow-up.<p>CONCLUSION: The treatment with anti-VEGF drugs(ranibizumab)for CRVO-ME can significantly improve the patients' visual acuity, and reduce CMT. The condition can be significantly improved within 1mo after injection, without significant influence on intraocular pressure. Compared with patients over 50 years old, patients under 50 years old can obtain better results after treatment with ranibizumab, more significant improvement of visual acuity, significantly thinner CMT, smaller intraocular pressure fluctuations and shorter first injection interval.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829554

ABSTRACT

@#HPLC method was used for the determination of related substances in (E)-4-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpanoyloxy]-3-methoxyphenyl acrylic acid. The separation was achieved by Ultimate XB-C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm,5 μm) with mobile phase composed of methanol-1% acetic acid water (70∶30) at a wavelength of 275 nm. The results showed that (E)-4-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpanoyloxy]-3-methoxyphenyl acrylic acid with various intermediates and compulsory destruction of degradation products were well separated. The impurity limit in three batches of API was less than 0.1% and the main impurity C was isolated and identified. Within the range from 0.20 to 59.96 μg/mL, the mass concentration of impurity C has good linear relationship with the peak area (r=0.999 9). The control method of related substances for (E)-4-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpanoyloxy]-3-methoxyphenyl acrylic acid was established by impurity reference method and self-high and low concentration comparison. Methodological validation can be used for the detection of related substances of (E)-4-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpanoyloxy]-3-methoxyphenyl acrylic acid.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827512

ABSTRACT

Decompression and curettage can result are effective as treatments for large jaw cysts, which are common diseases in the clinic. Based on a treatment used in a previous study, this paper proposes a "three-step method" to treat large jaw cyst and repair the bone defect by decompression, curettage, and autologous dental bone powder implantation. This paper introduces the processes and key points of the operation involved in the abovementioned method.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Bone Cysts , General Surgery , Bone Transplantation , Curettage , Humans , Jaw Cysts
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