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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1313-1317, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging and clinical characteristics of posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) after liver transplantation in children.Methods:From February 2017 to November 2020, the imaging and clinical data of 17 children with PTLD after liver transplantation confirmed by pathology or clinical diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. The site, range, density/signal/echo of the lesions were observed.Results:The mean age at transplantation was 8 (7, 11) months, and 14 patients were younger than 1 year old. The interval between liver transplantation and PTLD diagnosis was 22 (10, 34) months, ranging from 3 to 54 months. The interval was less than 1 year in 6 patients (early onset) and equal or greater than 1 year in 11 patients (late onset). Fifteen patients had Epstein-Barr virus infection. Among the 12 pathologically confirmed PTLD cases, 8 cases were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 3 cases were Burkitt lymphoma, and 1 case was reactive plasma cell hyperplasia. Among the 17 children with PTLD, 8 cases demonstrated involvement of lymph nodes and 16 cases had extranodal involvement. The latter included 15 cases of abdominal involvement. Abdominal sites involved included small intestine in 14 cases, colon in 7 cases, mesentery in 4 cases, kidney in 3 cases, liver in 2 cases, abdominal lymph nodes in 2 cases, peritoneum in 1 case, and stomach in 1 case. The sites of extra-abdominal involvement included lymph nodes in 7 cases, lung in 3 cases, skull in 1 case, brain in 1 case, pleura in 1 case, chest wall in 1 case, and nasopharynx in 1 case. The most common abdominal imaging abnormalities were thickening of the intestinal wall, eccentric mass and dilation of the lumen. Both small intestines and colons could be involved, and the former more commonly. Multiple masses were found in patients with liver and kidney involvement. The most common imaging manifestation of PTLD outside the abdomen was lymph node enlargement, which was found in 7 cases, and the most common was in the neck. The manifestation was shorter diameter of lymph nodes>10 mm, uniform density and signal, with mild enhancement.Conclusions:PTLD can occur months to years after liver transplantation in children, which can affect many parts of the whole body. Extranodal lesions are more than intranodal lesions. Abdominal involvement is most common in PTLD, and the infection rate of EB virus is high. Combined with medical history, EB virus infection status and imaging examination are helpful for early diagnosis.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1851-1857, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid single or combination of decitabine on tumor cells of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and explore its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#The human MDS cell lines SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 were treated with different concentrations of ascorbic acid, and the cell proliferation activity was detected by the CCK-8 assay. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, labile iron pool (LIP), cell cycle, and apoptosis of SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The control group, ascorbic acid monotherapy group, decitabine monotherapy group, and combination group of ascorbic acid and decitabine were set up, the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis were detected in each group.@*RESULTS@#High-dose ascorbic acid could reduce the cell proliferation activity of SKM-1 (R=0.886, p=0.000) and MUTZ-1 (R=0.880, p=0.000). With the increase of ascorbic acid concentration, the ROS level in SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 cells increased (r=0.816, r=0.942), the proportion of cells stagnation in G@*CONCLUSION@#High-dose ascorbic acid shows a cytotoxic effect on MDS tumor cells, inhibiting cell proliferation and increasing apoptosis. Ascorbic acid combined decitabine have a synergistic effect of anti-MDS tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Decitabine , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1654-1657, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922311

ABSTRACT

Congenital pure red cell aplasia, also known as Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), is a hereditary disease characterized by pure red cell aplasia and congenital malformation. Its main clinical features are anemia, dysplasia, and tumor susceptibility. Ribosomal protein (RP) gene mutation is the main pathogenesis of DBA. The most common type of gene mutation is RPS19 gene mutation. Heterozygous mutations in as many as 19 RP genes and other non-RP genes mutations have been identified in DBA. This review summarized briedfly the latest research advances in the pathogenesis of DBA.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan , Humans , Mutation , Ribosomes
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2435-2441, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829379

ABSTRACT

We utilized a multi-step derivatization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the determination of common amino acid enantiomers, combined with deuterated hydrochloric acid hydrolysis, to identify nine trace D-amino acids in thymalfasin. We optimized the conditions for multi-step derivatization, the volume of reagent for redissolving samples, and the conditions for chromatography and mass spectrometry with isopropanol and trifluoroacetic anhydride as derivatization reagents, and validated the procedure, including sensitivity, linear range, precision, accuracy and recovery. Sixteen pairs of D/L-amino acids and glycine derivatives were separated within 29 min, with the limit of quantification as low as 0.09-2.79 μmol·L-1. Nine amino acid derivatives of thymalfasin showed a good linear relationship within the concentration range examined (r2>0.992 3). The precision results showed that RSD values were less than 10.90%. Accuracy test results of a reference substance ranged from 76.69% to 128.18%. Average recoveries of spiked samples ranged from 70.41% to 125.39%. For the nine D-amino acids assayed, D-Asp and D-Glu content in six batches of thymalfasin were highest, ranging 0.41%-0.49% and 0.25%-0.33%, respectively, with others less than 0.25%. The method is sensitive, efficient and reliable, available for seventeen common amino acids and their enantiomers, and works well with simultaneous determination of nine trace D-amino acids in thymalfasin, providing a reference for the comprehensive control of racemic peptide impurities in this synthetic polypeptide drug.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 968-974, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827679

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune diseases are primary immune diseases in which autoreactive antibodies or sensitized lymphocytes destroy and damage tissue and cellular components, resulting in tissue damage and organ dysfunction. Helper T cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases under certain conditions. This review summarizes recent research on the role of helper T cells in autoimmune diseases from two aspects, helper T cell-mediated production of autoantibodies by B cells and helper T cell-induced activation of abnormal lymphocytes, and provides ideas for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The abnormal expression of helper T cells promotes the differentiation of B cells that produce autoantibodies, which leads to the development of different diseases. Among them, abnormal expression of Th2 cells and T follicular helper cells is more likely to cause antibody-mediated autoimmune diseases. In addition, abnormal activation of helper T cells also mediates autoimmune diseases through the production of abnormal cytokines and chemokines. Helper T cells play an essential role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, and a full understanding of their role in autoimmune diseases is helpful for providing ideas for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 999-1003, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and long-term efficacy of a new treatment, echocardiography-guided transthoracic laser ablation of the animal interventricular septum (IVS), for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM).@*Methods@#Ten healthy sheep were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group: sheath puncture with laser ablation (energy: 3 W, 1000 J), sham control group: sheath puncture only without laser ablation. Echocardiography and electrocardiogram (ECG) were recorded before operation, immediately after operation, and 1, 3 and 6-month after the operation. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, longitudinal strain, difference of time to peak between the ablation segment and the surrounding segments were analyzed. Blood samples were collected before and one hour after the operation to examine the serological results.@*Results@#Immediately and 6 months after the operation, all animals survived with normal cardiac function. No severe complications such as cardiac tamponade or bundle branch block occurred. The Troponin I level was significantly elevated immediately after the operation(P<0.05). The thickness of the ablated IVS was significantly reduced 6 months after the operation compared with before the operation[(3.23±1.21)mm vs (8.53±0.44)mm, P<0.05]. M-mode echocardiography showed that the amplitude of movement of the ablated region of the experimental group 6 months after the operation was significantly decreased compared with the control group(P<0.05). Three dimensional strain analysis showed that for the experimental group, the longitudinal strain of the ablation segment was significantly reduced and the difference of time to peak was significantly delayed, compared with the control group(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Echocardiography-guided transthoracic laser ablation of IVS is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive method. It is capable to reduce the volume of IVS without influencing the cardiac function, which makes it a potential alternative for HOCM treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800107

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the radiographic manifestations and clinical relevance to central nervous system complications of leukemia (CNSCL)in children.@*Methods@#The CT and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) fin-dings and clinical features of 49 pediatric patients with CNCSL in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from May 2010 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#(1) Cerebrovascular abnormalities in 23 cases included hemorrhage(20 cases), infarction(2 cases) and sinus thrombosis(1 case). One case of epidural hematoma and 19 cases of intracerebral multiple bleeding were seen in the hemorrhage group, which demonstrated high-density on CT and different signal on MRI as time went by.Microhe-morrhage displayed as low signal on susceptibility weighted imaging.(2) Among 23 cases of leukemic infiltration, the dura and/or skull were involved in 18 cases, which presented as fusiform or mass, with high density on CT, low signal on T1WI, intermediate signal on T2WI and strong enhancement; 6 leptomeningeal infiltration demonstrated as meningeal thickening and enhancement; 2 parenchymal involvement manifested with high-density mass; 2 oculomotor nerve and 1 optic nerve infiltration demonstrated thickening and enhancement.(3)White matter disease was seen in 2 cases, with hyper-intensity on T2WI.(4) One case of secondary tumor was glial tumor in the brainstem.@*Conclusions@#The radiographic manifestations of CNCSL in children are various.CT and MRI are of important diagnostic values.Choosing the best imaging examination method and sequence according to clinical symptoms and test results can provide more valuable information for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 999-1003, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824446

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and long-term efficacy of a new treatment,echocardiography-guided transthoracic laser ablation of the animal interventricular septum (IVS),for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM).Methods Ten healthy sheep were randomly divided into two groups:experimental group:sheath puncture with laser ablation (energy:3 W,1000 J),sham control group:sheath puncture only without laser ablation.Echocardiography and electrocardiogram (ECG) were recorded before operation,immediately after operation,and 1,3 and 6-month after the operation.Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function,longitudinal strain,difference of time to peak between the ablation segment and the surrounding segments were analyzed.Blood samples were collected before and one hour after the operation to examine the serological results.Results Immediately and 6 months after the operation,all animals survived with normal cardiac function.No severe complications such as cardiac tamponade or bundle branch block occurred.The Troponin I level was significantly elevated immediately after the operation(P <0.05).The thickness of the ablated IVS was significantly reduced 6 months after the operation compared with before the operation[(3.23 ± 1.21)mm vs (8.53 ± 0.44)mm,P <0.05].Mmode echocardiography showed that the amplitude of movement of the ablated region of the experimental group 6 months after the operation was significantly decreased compared with the control group (P <0.05).Three dimensional strain analysis showed that for the experimental group,the longitudinal strain of the ablation segment was significantly reduced and the difference of time to peak was significantly delayed,compared with the control group(P <0.05).Conclusions Echocardiography-guided transthoracic laser ablation of IVS is a safe,effective,and minimally invasive method.It is capable to reduce the volume of IVS without influencing the cardiac function,which makes it a potential alternative for HOCM treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752328

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the radiographic manifestations and clinical relevance to central nervous system complications of leukemia(CNSCL)in children. Methods The CT and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)fin﹣dings and clinical features of 49 pediatric patients with CNCSL in Shanghai Children′s Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from May 2010 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results (1)Cerebrovascular abnormalities in 23 cases included hemorrhage(20 cases),infarction(2 cases)and sinus thrombosis(1 case). One case of epidural hematoma and 19 cases of intracerebral multiple bleeding were seen in the hemorrhage group,which demonstrated high-density on CT and different signal on MRI as time went by. Microhe﹣morrhage displayed as low signal on susceptibility weighted imaging.(2)Among 23 cases of leukemic infiltration,the dura and/or skull were involved in 18 cases,which presented as fusiform or mass,with high density on CT,low signal on T1WI,intermediate signal on T2WI and strong enhancement;6 leptomeningeal infiltration demonstrated as meningeal thickening and enhancement;2 parenchymal involvement manifested with high-density mass;2 oculomotor nerve and 1 optic nerve infiltration demonstrated thickening and enhancement.(3)White matter disease was seen in 2 cases,with hyper-intensity on T2WI.(4)One case of secondary tumor was glial tumor in the brainstem. Conclusions The radiographic manifestations of CNCSL in children are various. CT and MRI are of important diagnostic values. Choosing the best imaging examination method and sequence according to clinical symptoms and test results can provide more valuable information for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1958-1964, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780279

ABSTRACT

Chiral amino acid analysis is a sensitive, efficient and economical method for controlling racemic peptide impurities, especially for synthetic polypeptide drugs with complex composition of amino acids. Unexpected amino acid enantiomers in racemic peptides can be measured by chiral amino acid analysis coupled with mass spectrometry. The position of amino acid isomerization in the peptide segment can be accurately mapped by mass spectrometry, which lays a solid foundation for screening of racemic peptide impurities and rapid identification or quantification of trace racemic peptide impurities. Combination of the two techniques is vital for quality control of the synthetic polypeptide drugs and for research of polypeptide drugs based on chemical synthesis. The strategies of peptide hydrolysis have been summarized in this review. The latest chiral amino acid analysis based on mass spectrometry is briefly reviewed. Based on our knowledge, we have pointed to the direction of research and control of racemic peptide impurities in synthetic polypeptide drugs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibilily of screening and identifying the red blood cell type alloantibodies by means of surface plasman resonance(SPR) technique so as to provide a new method for detecting the transfusion compatibility of red blood cells.@*METHODS@#The RBC antigens for screening the alloantibody were fixed on the SPR chip surface by means of amino coupling method; the analysis conditions of SPR chip were optimized and then the control serum with RBC blood group antibody positive was detected; the performance of SPR chip for detection of serum was analysed; the consistance of rusults detected by SPR technique and microcolum agglutination for clinieal samples of 129 thalasstmia patients with history of lone-term blood transfusion were compared; at the same time, the blood group amtibodies in 7 patients with blood group antibody positive were identified before blood transfusion by using SPR chip so as to select the RBC antigen compatible blood for transfusion; and the efficacy of RBC transfusion was followed up and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The repeatability, sensitivity and specificity of SPR chip technique for detecting the blood group alloantibodies all were better. The SPR technique and microcolumn agglutination method were not significant different for screening blood group alloantibodies (χ2 = 0.333, P>0.05), and the overall consistency was 97.2%; the results of SPR technique in 7 patients with positive blood group antibodies were as follows: 3 cases with anti-E, 1 case anti-M, 1 case anti-C, 1 case anti-Jka and 1 case autoantibody, which were consistent with the results of microcolumn agglutination tests, and the compatible red blood cells were selected for transfusion, of which the infusion of 6 cases was effective. In only 1 case the infusion was ineffective because of autoantibody.@*CONCLUSION@#For screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies, the performance of SPR chip technique is equivalent to the micro-column agglutination, but the procedure of SPR technique is simpler, faster and high-throughput and label-free, which can meet the basic requirements for rapid screening and identification of blood group alloantibodies before transfusion of red blood cells.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1201-1207, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of IL-37 with T lymphocytes subsets and NK cells in ITP patients, and to explore its possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ITP.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with newly diagnosed ITP(newly diagnosed group), 32 patients of complete remission (remission group) and 22 healthy persons(control group) were selected. The serum level of IL-37 in 3 groups was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression of IL-37, IL-17 and IL-18 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNC) in 3 groups was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The number of IL-18RαCD4 T cells and Tim-3NK cells in the peripheral blood in 3 groups was detected by flow cytometry (FCM).@*RESULTS@#The serum level of IL-37 in the peripheral blood of ITP patients in the newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0.01) . The expression level of IL-37 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 05). The expression level of IL-17 and IL-18 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 01); the expression of IL-18Rα in CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in both the control and the remission group(P<0.01).The expression of Tim-3 in NK cells in ITP patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0. 01). In ITP patients, the serum IL-37 level and IL-18RαCD4T cells ratio both negatively correlated with Plt count (r=-0.58, r=-0.48) moreo-ver the serum IL-37 level also negatively correlated with amount of CD4 T cells and NK cells (r=-0.29, r=-0.28), but positively correlated with amount of CD8 T cells (r=0.329).@*CONCLUSION@#The IL-37 and its receptors may play an immunoregulatory role in CD4 T cells and NK cells, the IL-37 may be a therapeutic target for ITP patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1561-1567, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the phenotype and molecular mechanism of DCA on MDS cell model, and to study the response of chemotherapeutic medicines to MDS cells through multiple dimensions, such as cell proliferation, invasion, migration and apoptosis, thus revealing the molecular mechanism of DCA treatment of MDS and its relationship with SHP-1 gene methylation.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to determine the survival rate of MDS cells after treated by different concentrations of DCA. The effect of DCA on the invasion and migration of MDS cells was detected by Transwell assay method. Apoplexin V-FITCPI was used to detect apoptosis, the MDS treatment on the mechanism of DCA was investigated by Western blot and Real-time PCR experiment.@*RESULTS@#According to the experiment, it was found that tumor proliferation could be inhibited when MDS skm-1 cells was treated by DCA, and the absorbance was lower and the inhibitory effect was more obvious in the 2.0, 5.0 μmol/L DCA group than in the 0.5 μmol/L DCA group and the negative control group. Compared with the control group, the number of MDS skm-1 cells crossing through the transwell upper chamber was significantly decreased after DCA application. After treated with 0.5, 2.0 and 5.0 μmol/L DCA, the apoptosis rate of MDS cells was 4.54%, 9.31% and 16.58% respectively, while the apoptosis rate of the control group was 3.20%, which shows the apoptosis rate increased significantly with the concentration of DCA. After treatment of MDS cell lines with different concentration of DCA, the methylation status of SHP-1 gene was decreased with the increase of drug concentration, the expression of SHP-1 was increased, the expression of STAT3 was decreased and the level of phosphorylation was decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#By analyzing the phenotypic response of DCA treatment on MDS cells, it was found that interfere with MDS can be performed by inhibiting proliferation, metastasis, and inducing apoptosis in a dose-dependent way. It revealed that the molecular mechanism by DCA treatment can improve the methylation of SHP-1 gene and inhibit the expression of p-STAT3.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Decitabine , Humans , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815990

ABSTRACT

The different types of Ph-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm(MPN) possess the same JAK2V617 F mutation. JAK2 inhibitor, ruxolitinib, is only valid in some of MPN, which indicates JAK2 target is not the only molecular pathway of MPN. Epigenetic genes mutations, including TET2 and ASXL1, are involved in the progression and transformation of MPN. In addition, avoiding thromboembolism and reducing the risk of transformation into acute leukemia(AL) or myelofibrosis(MF) still is the therapeutic goal of polycythemia vera(PV) and essential thrombocytosis(ET). The goal of treatment in primary myelofibrosis(PMF) is to improve the quality of life and prolong the survival of patients. For the patients with PMF, stratification based on the efficacy of ruxolitinib and profound genetic detection is a reasonable supplement to the existing of stratification of clinical risk.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1151-1155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689514

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells(MDSC) and the level of prostaglandin E2(PGE2) in the bone marrow of adult ITP patients, and to explore their possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-five patients of newly diagnosed ITP, 25 patients of complete remission group and 15 patients of control group were selected. The number of MDSC in the bone marrow between 3 groups was detect by flow cytometry (FCM). The serum level of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in 3 groups was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relative expression of IFN-γ mRNA in bone marrow mononuclear cells was measured by real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in each groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of MDSC in the complete remission group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05); the number of MDSC in the newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group; the number of MDSC in the complete remission group was higher than that in the newly diagnosed group. The serum level of PGE2 in bone marrow of ITP patients in the newly diagnosed group was higher than that of the control group(P<0.05). The serum level of PGE2 in the bone marrow of ITP patients of the complete remission group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). The level of PGE2 in bone marrow serum of ITP patients of the newly diagnosed group was lower than that in the complete remission group(P<0.05). The relative expression level of IFN-gamma in bone marrow mononuclear cells of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the complete remission group(P<0.001). The relative quantification (RQ) of IFN-γ in bone marrow mononuclear cells was 2.60 between the newly diagnosed group and the complete remission group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>When adult ITP disease is remitted, the number of MDSC rises and correlates with the therapeutic response and PGE2 level in the bone marrow.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , RNA, Messenger
16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 263-268, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version Morisky Medication Adherence Scales-8 in assessing medication compliance of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis.METHODS:The Chinese version of MMAS-8 was used to evaluate the compliance of 200 rheumatoid arthritis patients who responded to the WeChat public issue from the public forum of China rheumatism.Item analysis,homogeneity test,reliability analysis,and validity analysis were all conducted.RESULTS:The eight items showed significant difference between the two extreme groups as head and tail 27% of the total score in Levene method F test (P<0.001).t test of variance inequality was adopted,with significant difference (P<0.001).Correlation coefficient between the 7 items and the total score was higher than 0.400,and the 8 items were significantly correlated with the total score (P<0.001).Internal consistency reliability coefficient Cronbach's α was 0.657,and standardized Cronbach's α was 0.662.For construct validity,KMO was 0.638,Bartlett's sphericity test was 246.278,factor analysis method was adopted to extract 3 common factors,and explainable total variance was 58.846%.Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.435 between MMAS-8 total score and MA-VAS score (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS:Reliability and validity of the Chinese version MMAS-8 for the determination of medication compliance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are good.

17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 785-788, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812950

ABSTRACT

@#The essence of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a malignant clonal bone marrow myeloid neoplasm. Both basic researches and clinical studies should firmly grasp this essence of MDS and should not be interferenced by confounding factors. Comprehensive diagnosis can improve the accuracy of MDS diagnosis by multiple indicators that reflect the malignant nature, such as cell dysplasia, function abnormalities, cytogenetic changes and gene mutations. The therapy of MDS should also eradicate the MDS clone, change the disease progression, stimulating normal hematopoiesis, prolong the survival and improve the quality of life.

18.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2017; 27 (10): 657-659
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189897

ABSTRACT

Nedaplatin [NDP] is a second-generation platinum derivative that was developed in Japan. Nowadays, it is being widely used in the management of lung cancer, esophageal cancer, head and neck cancers, especially when cisplatin and carboplatin cannot be tolerated or show drug resistance. To the best of our knowledge, there are few reported cases of NDP-induced bradycardia in the relevant medical literature. The current report presents three patients treated with NDP chemotherapy-induced serious arrhythmias. The three cases developed sinus tachycardia and atrial premature beats, complete left bundle branch block, and bigeminy ventricular premature contraction, in the second, sixth and second cycle, respectively. No one died of cardiac toxicity. These were treated with dexamethasone, 5 mg intravenous injection and diphenhydramine 20 mg, intramuscular injection. The heart rhythm returned to normal in 30 minutes, a day, and four days, respectively

19.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 837-840, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694618

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestations and radiological features of cystic fibrosis (CF) in children.Methods The clinical and radiographic data of 5 CF patients were retrospectively analyzed.Results Among the 5 cases,there are 3 males and 2 females,aging from 2 to 13 years old (median age 6).Four of the five cases had complaints of repeated productive cough with or without fever and short breath.Pseudomonas aeruginosa was positive in sputum culture of three cases.Chest CT showed pneumonia and bronchiectasis with peribronchial thickening and mucus plugging.Paranasal CT showed frontal sinus agenesis and sinusitis with sticky secretion.The other one of the 5 cases had a complaint of abnormal hepatic function.The abdominal MRI showed liver cirrhosis and high signal intensity in the periportal area on T1-weighted imaging.Chest CT showed air trapping from small airways obstruction and bronchiectasis with sputum plugging.Five recurrent and two novel CFTR mutations were identified in all of the 5 cases.Conclusions The radiographic findings of CF are characteristic,and of great significance to the clinical diagnosis of CF.The gene mutations of CF in Chinese are different from those in Caucasians.

20.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 813-816, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610181

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) to determine the origin of sika deer bones.Methods: The DNA in the bone samples was extracted after decalcification, and then amplified using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).The origin of the samples was further identified using RFLP analysis.Results: The bone samples of sika deer and red deer could be distinguished from those of pig, bovine and dog by PCR.And the samples of sika deer and red deer could be further distinguished by RFLP through the analysis of the length of restriction enzyme XbaI.Conclusion: A RFLP method is established to determine the origin of sika deer bones.

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