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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928204

ABSTRACT

Aiming at the problems of individual differences in the asynchrony process of human lower limbs and random changes in stride during walking, this paper proposes a method for gait recognition and prediction using motion posture signals. The research adopts an optimized gated recurrent unit (GRU) network algorithm based on immune particle swarm optimization (IPSO) to establish a network model that takes human body posture change data as the input, and the posture change data and accuracy of the next stage as the output, to realize the prediction of human body posture changes. This paper first clearly outlines the process of IPSO's optimization of the GRU algorithm. It collects human body posture change data of multiple subjects performing flat-land walking, squatting, and sitting leg flexion and extension movements. Then, through comparative analysis of IPSO optimized recurrent neural network (RNN), long short-term memory (LSTM) network, GRU network classification and prediction, the effectiveness of the built model is verified. The test results show that the optimized algorithm can better predict the changes in human posture. Among them, the root mean square error (RMSE) of flat-land walking and squatting can reach the accuracy of 10 -3, and the RMSE of sitting leg flexion and extension can reach the accuracy of 10 -2. The R 2 value of various actions can reach above 0.966. The above research results show that the optimized algorithm can be applied to realize human gait movement evaluation and gait trend prediction in rehabilitation treatment, as well as in the design of artificial limbs and lower limb rehabilitation equipment, which provide a reference for future research to improve patients' limb function, activity level, and life independence ability.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Gait , Humans , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer , Walking
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 102-105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The clinicopathological data of 106 DLBCL patients with detailed follow-up data in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2009 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 30 cases (28%) of germinal center B cell-1ike (GCB) and 76 cases (72%) of non-GCB; and 11 cases of reactive lymph nodes were selected as the control group. EnVision method was used to detect the expressions of EZH2 and c-myc. The correlation of the expressions of EZH2 and c-myc proteins was analyzed, and the association of EZH2 protein with clinicopathological characteristics, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients was also analyzed.Results:The positive expression rates of EZH2 and c-myc proteins were 78.3% (83/106) and 48.1% (51/106), respectively, and neither was expressed in the control group. The positive expression rate of EZH2 protein in non-GCB was higher than that in GCB ( P < 0.01). The expression of EZH2 was correlated with clinical staging, serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level and international prognostic index (IPI) score (all P < 0.01). EZH2 expression was positively correlated with the c-myc protein expression in GCB ( r = 0.74, P < 0.001). Moreover, OS and PFS of EZH2 negative in DLBCL were better than those of EZH2 positive (all P < 0.001). Conclusions:EZH2 overexpression is correlated with advanced clinical staging, increased serum LDH level, high IPI score and non-GCB phenotype. The high expression of EZH2 may be related to the high expression of c-myc, suggesting the poor prognosis of patients with DLBCL.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of Chinese-thyroid imaging reporting and data system (C-TIRADS) combined with shear wave elastography (SWE) in thyroid microcarcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 270 patients (367 nodules) who underwent thyroid ultrasound examination and confirmed by pathology from January 2019 to June 2021 in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were assisted by SWE in preoperative ultrasound examination to measure the maximum elastic modulus (E max), the average elastic modulus (E mean) and the minimum elastic modulus (E min). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to get the optimal threshold of SWE according to the pathological results. The diagnostic value of C-TIRADS, SWE and their combined in different diameters thyroid micronodules was analyzed. Results:Among 367 thyroid nodules, 119 nodules were benign and 248 nodules were malignant. The area under the curve (AUC) of E max in diagnosing TMC was significantly larger than that of E mean and E min (0.883 vs. 0.822 and 0.706), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05); the best cut-off value of E max was 29.5 kPa. The ROC curve analysis results showed that the AUC of C-TIRADS combined with SWE in diagnosis of TMC was significantly larger than that of C-TIRADS and SWE alone (0.884 vs. 0.800 and 0.853), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05); the sensitivity, accuracy and negative predictive value of C-TIRADS combined with SWE in diagnosis of TMC were significantly higher than those of C-TIRADS alone (90.32% vs. 80.24%, 89.10% vs. 80.11% and 81.10% vs. 65.97%), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Thyroid nodules were divided into ≤0.5 cm nodules (56 nodules) and 0.5 to 1.0 cm nodules (311 nodules) according to the maximum diameter, the sensitivity and accuracy of C-TIRADS combined with SWE in diagnosing TMC in 0.5 to 1.0 cm nodules were significantly higher than those in ≤0.5 cm nodules: 91.82% (202/220) vs. 78.57% (22/28) and 90.68% (282/311) vs. 80.36% (45/56), and there were statistical differences ( χ2 = 4.99 and 5.20, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in specificity between 2 groups ( P<0.05). Conclusions:C-TIRADS combined with SWE can further improve the diagnostic value of TMC, which is worth popularizing and applying in clinic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways.@*METHODS@#Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Pregnancy , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Transcriptome , Exome Sequencing
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of Siwu paste on the bone marrow hematopoietic function of aplastic anemia (AA) model rats. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, positive drug (Fufang E'jiao Jiang 10.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, high-dose Siwu paste (22.68 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group and low-dose Siwu paste (5.67 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group. Acetophenazine (APH) combined with cyclophosphamide (CTX) injection was used to establish the aplastic anemia rat model. The administration groups were given the corresponding drugs (<italic>ig</italic>) for 15 consecutive days. The levels of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT) and platelets (PLT) in peripheral blood cells of rats were detected, thymus and spleen indexes were calculated and compared. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-3 (IL-3) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rat serum. The pathological changes of bone marrow were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) methods were used to detect Toll receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) protein and gene expression in rat femoral bone marrow cells. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT and PLT levels of the model group were significantly reduced, the thymus index was significantly decreased, the spleen index was significantly increased, the serum IL-3 level was significantly decreased, and the IL-6 level was significantly increased. The number of neutrophils and megakaryocytes in the femoral bone marrow was reduced, and the medullary cavity was filled with edema fibrofatty tissue. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of WBC, RBC, HCT and PLT in peripheral blood cells of rats in the high-dose Siwu paste group increased, the thymus index increased, the spleen index decreased, the IL-3 level was significantly increased, the IL-6 level was significantly decreased, the pathological morphology of femoral bone marrow was slightly improved, and the expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Siwu paste may improve the bone marrow hematopoietic function of rats with aplastic anemia by regulating the expression of the bone marrow inflammation signal pathway TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of early gastroscopy for patients with hypopharyngeal cancer.Methods:A total of 231 cases of hypopharyngeal cancer diagnosed and treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2010 to December 2014 were included in the retrospective analysis. The 5-year survival rate of hypopharyngeal cancer and patients accompanied with synchronous esophageal cancer (including early and advanced esophageal cancer), as well as the detection rate of synchronous esophageal cancer by gastroscopy and systemic PET-CT examination were statistically analyzed.Results:The 5-year survival rate of hypopharyngeal cancer was 38.96% (90/231). The 5-year survival rates of 62 patients accompanied with synchronous esophageal cancer and 169 patients without were 27.42% (17/62) and 43.20% (73/169), respectively, with statistic difference ( χ2=4.747, P=0.029). The 5-year survival rate of 49 patients accompanied with synchronous early esophageal cancer was 30.69% (17/49). Among the 13 patients with synchronous progressive esophageal cancer, none had a survival period of 5 years, which was significantly different compared with the patients with synchronous early esophageal cancer ( P=0.013). The detection rates of synchronous esophageal carcinoma by gastroscopy and by systemic PET-CT were 26.84% (62/231) and 14.29% (33/231), respectively, with statistic difference ( χ2=11.14, P<0.01). The detection rates of synchronous early esophageal carcinoma by gastroscopy and by systemic PET-CT were 21.21% (49/231) and 8.66% (20/231), respectively, and the difference was also statistically significant ( χ2=14.328, P<0.01). Conclusion:Hypopharyngeal cancer accompanied with synchronous esophageal cancer is of high risk, which affects the survival rate of patients. Early gastroscopy in hypopharyngeal cancer patients can significantly improve the detection rate of synchronous esophageal cancer, which helps to design individualized regimen to improve the survival rate of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of platelet reactivity and other clinical factors on the postoperative 1-year adverse clinical events in patients who underwent selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective and observational study, enrolling 632 patients at high risk of bleeding adjudicated by operators who underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin and had preoperative thrombelastography (TEG) test results in Fuwai Hospital, Northern Theater General Hospital and Xinxiang Central Hospital between January 2017 and August 2018. Platelet reactivity was tested by TEG and adenosine-induced maximal amplitude (MAADP) was recorded. According to MAADP patients were divided into three groups: low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LTPR) group (MAADP<31 mm, n=229), normal on-treatment platelet reactivity (NTPR) group (31 mm≤MAADP≤47 mm, n=207) and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) group (MAADP>47 mm, n=196). The endpoints consisted of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. The definition of MACCE was the composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, intrastent thrombosis, stroke and revascularization. Bleeding events were defined by bleeding academic research consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 and 5 bleeding. Using multivariate Cox regression to analyze the factors of MACCE and bleeding events in patients underwent selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin. Results: A total of 632 patients were finally enrolled in the study with age of (68.3±10.0) years and there were 423 (66.9%) males. All of 632 patients finished one-year follow-up, and 48 (7.6%) patients occurred MACCE and 11 (1.7%) patients occurred bleeding events. There was not statistically significant difference in the incidence of MACCE (8.3% (19/229) vs. 6.3% (13/207) vs.8.2% (16/196), P=0.68) and bleeding events (1.8% (4/229) vs. 2.9% (6/207) vs. 0.5% (1/196), P=0.17) in LTPR, NTPR and HTPR group. Multivariate Cox regression showed that HTPR was not the independent factor of MACCE (HR=1.25, 95%CI 0.67-2.30, P=0.49), and the history of peripheral vessel disease was the independent risk factor of MACCE (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.19-5.11, P=0.02). LTPR was not the independent factor of bleeding events (HR=1.35, 95%CI 0.39-4.66, P=0.64), and the independent factors of bleeding events were history of peripheral vessel disease (HR=3.95, 95%CI 1.03-15.22, P=0.05) and hemoglobin (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, P=0.01). Conclusions: In patients undergoing selective PCI anticoagulated with bivalirudin, there is no significant association between platelet reactivity and postoperative 1-year MACCE or bleeding events. History of peripheral vessel disease is an independent risk factor of MACCE, and history of peripheral vessel disease and decreased hemoglobin are independent risk factors of bleeding events.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 981-986, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821570

ABSTRACT

@#The molecular basis of schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy(SCCD)is UBIAD1 gene mutation. The pathogenesis of SCCD includes conformational change of UBIAD1 protein which leads to loss of combination with GGpp compounds. UBIAD1-HMG CoA reductase complexes can't be separated, and the rate-limiting enzyme can't dissociate from endoplasmic reticulum to cytoplasm, which results in loss of recognition and degradation by the proteasome. The direct consequence is the gradual accumulation and biosynthesis of cholesterol and non-sterol isoprenoids compounds in the cell. This paper reviews the clinical manifestation, molecular basis, pathogenesis of SCCD and the function of UBIAD1 which provide guidance for molecular diagnosis and treatment of SCCD and pave the way for elucidating the function of UBIAD1 <i>in vivo</i>.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 981-986, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876795

ABSTRACT

@#The molecular basis of schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy(SCCD)is UBIAD1 gene mutation. The pathogenesis of SCCD includes conformational change of UBIAD1 protein which leads to loss of combination with GGpp compounds. UBIAD1-HMG CoA reductase complexes can't be separated, and the rate-limiting enzyme can't dissociate from endoplasmic reticulum to cytoplasm, which results in loss of recognition and degradation by the proteasome. The direct consequence is the gradual accumulation and biosynthesis of cholesterol and non-sterol isoprenoids compounds in the cell. This paper reviews the clinical manifestation, molecular basis, pathogenesis of SCCD and the function of UBIAD1 which provide guidance for molecular diagnosis and treatment of SCCD and pave the way for elucidating the function of UBIAD1 <i>in vivo</i>.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871438

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy of dental floss traction-assisted endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric angle mucosal lesions.Methods:Data of 127 patients with gastric angle mucosal lesions admitted to the endoscopic center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the surgical methods, patients were divided into the dental floss traction-assisted ESD group (the traction group, n=51) and the traditional ESD group (the traditional group, n=76). The 41 fibrosis cases were further divided into the traction group (n=23) and the traditional group (n=18). The operation time, en block resection rate, curative resection rate and the incidence of adverse events such as bleeding, muscle layer injury and perforation were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in age, sex, lesion size or morphology between the traction group and the traditional group ( P > 0.05). The operation time of the traction group was significantly shorter than that of the traditional group (65.4±36.5 min VS 103.5±43.2 min, P=0.012). The en block resection rate was higher in the traction group [100.00% (51/51) VS 90.79% (69/76), P=0.026], and the curative resection rate was higher too [94.12% (48/51) VS 81.58% (62/76), P=0.042]. The incidences of muscular layer damage [5.88% (3/51) VS 25.00% (19/76), P=0.010] and intraoperative bleeding [47.06% (24/51)VS 82.89% (63/76), P=0.010] were lower in the traction group. Perforation occurred in two patients (2.63%) of fibrosis in the traditional group; no perforation occurred in the traction group. There was no significant difference in the perforation incidence ( P=0.243). In the cases of fibrosis, the operation time of the traction group was significantly shorter compared with that of the traditional group (81.4±29.3 min VS 119.3±37.6 min, P=0.010). The en block resection rate and curative resection rate were also higher in the traction group [100.00% (23/23) VS 72.22% (13/18), P=0.007; 95.65% (22/23) VS 72.22% (13/18), P=0.035]. The incidences of muscular layer damage [8.70% (2/23) VS 72.22% (13/18), P=0.001] and intraoperative bleeding [78.26% (18/23) VS 100.00% (18/18), P=0.035] were lower in the traction group. Conclusion:The dental floss traction-assisted ESD is safe and effective for gastric angle mucosal lesions and fibrotic lesions, with shorter operation time, higher curative resection rate and lower incidence of adverse events.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777113

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a rare primary malignancy of bone that is prone to early metastasis. Resection surgery and chemotherapeutic regimens are current standard treatments for osteosarcoma. However, the long-term survival rate of patients with osteosarcoma is low due to a high risk of metastasis. Hence, a new approach is urgently needed to improve the treatment of osteosarcoma. Compared with chemotherapy, natural active constituents isolated from herbs exhibit less adverse effects and better anti-tumor effects. This study aimed to summarize the anticancer effects of constituents of herbs on the progression and metastasis of osteosarcoma cells. It showed that many constituents of herbs inhibited osteosarcoma by targeting proliferation, matrix metalloproteinases, integrin and cadherin, and angiogenesis. The findings might be beneficial for the development of new drugs and treatment strategies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745182

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1)gene copy number variation was associated with susceptibility and clinical characteristics of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods The study enrolled 304 SLE patients and 391 healthy controls.They were used to investigate the association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and SLE susceptibility.Then,304 SLE patients were divided into copy number=2 group and copy number>2 group to study the association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and disease activity or clinical characteristics of SLE.AccuCopyTM Kit was used to detect the TRAP1 gene copy number.Data analyses were performed by SPSS 10.01 software.The suitable method was selected among t test,rank sum test and x2 test for analysis based on the data type and distribution,univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to investigate the associ-ation between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and susceptibility and clinical characteristics of SLE.Results The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene showed an association with the susceptibility to SLE crude OR=5.257,95%CI (1.108,24.937),P=0.037;the adjusted OR=5.578,95%CI (1.172,26.556),P=0.031].There was no association between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score (Z=-0.117,P=0.907).The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene had a marginal association with skin lesions in SLE [OR=0.130,95%CI (0.016,1.069),P=0.058],but it disappeared after adjusting for potential confounders [OR=0.288,95%CI (0.029,2.831),P=0.286,PBH=0.808].There was no correlation between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and arthritis,alopecia,oral ulcers,fever,hematologic disorder,lupus nephritis as well as photosensitivity in SLE [x2=0.751,OR=1.234,95%CI (0.767,1.988),P=0.386].No multiplicative interaction was found between TRAP1 gene copy number variation and age or body mass index (BMI) [age:x2=0.751,OR=1.234,95%CI (0.767,1.988),P=0.386;BMI:x2=0.282,OR=1.172,95%CI(0.652,2.109),P=0.596].Conclusions The copy number variation of TRAP1 gene may be associated with susceptibility to SLE.Increased TRAP1 gene copy number may be a risk factor for SLE.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744779

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of attentional bias on anger and disgust emotional faces in college students with social anxiety disorder.Methods DSM-V was used for clinical diagnosis after the initial screening with Interaction Anxiousness Scale.The subjects meet the inclusion criteria were divided into social anxiety disorder group (SAD group) and healthy control group (HC group).Koster's improved dot-probe paradigm was used in a 2 (group:SAD group,HC group) ×2 (emotion categories:anger,disgust)mixed-design experiment,and the different characteristics of attentional bias between the two groups on different emotional faces were compared.Results In SAD group,under the condition of angry faces,the response times to the probe targets with the same or different positions from the negative faces were (369.7±53.0)ms and (447.2±54.3) ms,while the response times were (429.6±70.2) ms and (444.2±55.8) ms under the condition of disgust faces,and the SAD group showed attentional bias towards both anger and disgust faces (t =24.15 and 2.45,P<0.05).Under the condition of anger faces,the response time of HC group to the consistent and inconsistent position of probe target were (466.9±40.0) ms and (483.8±43.8) ms,and the HC group had an attentional bias towards anger faces(t=6.58,P<0.05).The response time under disgust faces was (493.8±43.6)ms and (498.0±46.7)ms in HC group,and did not show an attentional bias towards disgust(t=1.65,P=0.108).The scores of attentional orientation to anger faces in SAD group were significantly higher than those in the HC group(F=19.26,P<0.001),but there was no significant difference between the two groups towards disgust faces (F=0.02,P=0.897).Compared with disgust faces,the attentional orientation to anger faces was faster in both HC and SAD groups (F=101.66 and 8.00,P<0.05).Compared with the HC group,the SAD group had an impaired attentional disengagement from anger faces(F=8.66,P=0.004).Conclusion The students with social anxiety disorder have attentional bias towards both anger and disgust facial expressions,which manifested as facilitated attentional orientation and impaired attentional disengagement to anger faces.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744239

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the role of SDF-1α/CXCR4 axis in pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion.METHODS:The mRNA expression of CXCR4 in 4 pancreatic cancer cell lines was detected by RT-qPCR.The migration and invasion abilities of PANC-1 cells with the axis activated by exogenous SDF-1αor inhibited by CXCR4 inhibitor AMD3100 were detected by Transwell assays.The cell viability was measured by MTS assay.The protein expression of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) -related molecules in the cells treated with exogenous SDF-1αor AMD3100 was determined by Western blot.RESULTS:All of the 4 pancreatic cancer cell lines expressed CXCR4 mRNA, while the PANC-1 cell line expressed the most.Exogenous SDF-1αpromoted the migration and invasion abilities of PANC-1 cells, which was inhibited by AMD3100.The PANC-1 cells treated with exogenous SDF-1αfor 72 h grew faster, while SDF-1αcombined with AMD3100 made little significance to the viability of PANC-1 cells.Exogenous SDF-1αinduced EMT of PANC-1 cells by up-regulating the expression of SNAIL and TWIST, and AMD3100 reversed this effect.CONCLUSION:SDF-1α/CXCR4 axis enhances the migration and invasion abilities of pancreatic cancer cells through inducing EMT.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810403

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of ambient fine particulate matters (PM2.5) and temperature interaction on schizophrenia admission.@*Methods@#All admission data were retrieved from the Psychiatric Hospital and Municipal Hospital of TongLing from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017. Daily air pollution and meteorological data were collected from the Tongling Environmental Protection Agency and Meteorological Bureau, respectively. A distributed lag non-linear model combined with the generalized additive model were applied to explore the effects of PM2.5, multi-pollutants, and the interaction between temperature and PM2.5 on schizophrenia admission. The stratification of temperature was divided by three criteria. The low temperature layer was defined as <P5 or <P10 or <P20; P5-P95 or P10-P90 or P20-P80 was defined as the middle temperature layer; >P95 or >P90 or >P80 was defined as the high temperature layer.@*Results@#From 2014 to 2017, 6 642 patients were admitted for schizophrenia in Tongling, and the median of PM2.5 and temperature were 47.0 μg/m3 and 17.5 ℃, respectively. The median concentration of PM2.5 (P50) was taken as a reference. When the exposure concentration of PM2.5 was P90, the lagged effect appeared in the first day with RR=1.03 (95%CI: 1.00-1.07) and reached the maximum in the fifth day with RR=1.16 (95%CI: 1.13-1.19). In the multi-pollutant models, it was found that the simultaneous inclusion of PM2.5 and NO2 had higher risk of schizophrenia admission, with the RR=1.18 (95%CI: 1.15-1.22), P<0.001. The risk of schizophrenia admission caused by PM2.5 exposure at high temperature was greatest under the three temperature stratification standards, which were 12.1% (8.5%-15.7%), 9.7% (6.9%-12.6%) and 17.1% (11.6%-22.8%), all P values <0.001.@*Conclusion@#With the increase of PM2.5 concentration, the risk of schizophrenia admission is increased, and the risk effect of PM2.5 is stronger at high temperature.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801712

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate and compare enzymatic kinetics of scutellarin,apigenin-7-O-glucronide and paeoniflorin from Xinshao fomula in liver microsomes of sham-operated rats and middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) rats with focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Method: Xinshao fomula were incubated respectively with liver microsomes of sham-operated rats and MCAO rats,UPLC-MS and substrate elimination method was employed,Michaelis constant(Km),maximum velocity of enzymatic reaction(Vmax) and intrinsic clearance(CLint) of these three components from Xinshao fomula in liver microsomes of sham-operated rats and MCAO rats were calculated,these parameters between different groups were evaluated by statistical analysis. Result: The Km values of scutellarin,apigenin-7-O-glucronide and paeoniflorin in liver microsomes of MCAO rats were (0.798±0.031),(0.213±0.017),(0.499±0.029) μmol·L-1,which were quite different to these in liver microsomes of sham-operated rats.Compared with the sham-operated group,Vmax and CLint values of scutellarin and paeoniflorin in liver microsomes of MCAO rats were significantly reduced(PPVmax of apigenin-7-O-glucronide in liver microsomes of MCAO rat was also significantly reduced(PConclusion: Metabolic rates of these three active components from Xinshao fomula in liver microsomes of MCAO rats with focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury decrease with low elimination rate.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753892

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences of gut microbiota in patients with schizophrenia between onset and remission. Methods Twelve patients with schizophrenia in the stage of onset were selected as the episode group. Thirteen gender-, age-and BMI-matched patients with schizophrenia during the remission period were selected as the control group. The fecal specimens of the two groups were collected for high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, and the gut microbiota differences between the two groups were analyzed. Results The chao index and ace index of gut microbiota was lower in the episode group than in the control group (t=2.385,P=0.026; t=3.068,P=0.005). The relative abundance of Bacteroides was higher and the relative abundance of Prevotella was lower in the episodes group than in the control group (Z=-2.013, P =0.044; Z=-3.427, P=0.001). The relative abundance of the Prevotella was negatively correlated with the PANSS score (r=-0.577, P=0.003). Conclusion Schizophrenia in the stage of acute episode have altered gut microbiota compared with those in the stage of remission and the gut microbiota is significantly corrected with mental symptoms.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the analgesic time-effect characteristics and changes in concentrations of rabbit's hypothalamic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NE) caused by buccal acupuncture in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits,and to reveal the analgesic central mechanism of buccal acupuncture,thereby providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of pain by buccal acupuncture.Methods:Forty rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group,a body acupuncture group,and a buccal acupuncture group,with 10 rabbits in each group.No model was established in the normal group,while equal dose of normal saline was injected at the matched site and time point;rabbits in other groups were subjected to the establishment of RA models using egg protein.From the 27th day of the experiment,rabbits in each group received the designated intervention.Rabbits in the normal group and the model group were fixed for 30 min every day using the same method as those in the other groups.In the acupuncture group,Dubi (ST 35) and Zusanli (ST 36) on bilateral hind limbs were selected.Perpendicular needling (using the needles with 0.25 mm in diameter and 25 mm in length) was performed with twirling manipulation for 15 s at intervals of 5 min.The needles were retained for 30 min and acupuncture was performed once a day.In the buccal acupuncture group,the knee point in the buccal acupuncture and needles with a diameter of 0.25 mm and a length of 15 mm were selected.Oblique needling was performed with twirling manipulation for 15 s at intervals of 5 min.The needles were retained for 30 min and acupuncture was performed once a day.The thermal pain thresholds at the 0,5,15,30,60,120 and 240 min after the 1st and 10th acupuncture therapy were measured with a PL-200 thermal-inducing pain meter.After the 10th acupuncture therapy,rabbit's hypothalamus was removed,and the 5-HT and NE concentrations in the hypothalamus at the peak point of the acupuncture pain threshold curve were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Results:The analgesic effect was obvious at 5 min after buccal acupuncture started,peaked at 30 min,and decreased to the lowest value at 240 min.Rabbits in the body acupuncture group began to show significant analgesic effect at 15 min,which was peaked at 30 min,and began to decline at 60 min.The pain threshold at 240 min was still higher than that at 0 min.Compared with the model group,the concentrations of hypothalamic 5-HT in the buccal acupuncture group and the body acupuncture group was significantly increased,and the between-group differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05).The NE/5-HT ratios in hypothalamus in the buccal acupuncture group and the body acupuncture group were significantly lower than the ratio in the model group,and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05);difference in the decrease was statistically significant between the buccal acupuncture group and the body acupuncture group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The analgesic effect of buccal acupuncture shows an obvious time-dependent curve.It is characterized by rapid onset of pain relief,rapid increase and decline in pain threshold.5-HT and NE levels in rabbit's hypothalamus can be affected by buccal acupuncture,with increased 5-HT concentration and reduced NE/5-HT ratio.

20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689734

ABSTRACT

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), as a pathogen of gonorrhea, is strictly limited to growth on the human host. In case of gonococcal infection, the body may recruit such inflammatory cells as neutrophils to resist the invasion of NG or initiate its adaptive immune response by antigen presentation to eliminate the pathogen. However, a series of immune escape mechanisms of NG make it difficult to clear up the infection. In the innate immune system, NG can not only secrete thermonuclease to degrade neutrophile granulocytes, inhibit respiratory burst to resist killing by neutrophils, activate NLRP3 to prompt the pyronecrosis of inflammatory cells, but also regulate the differentiation of macrophages to reduce the inflammatory response, combine with factor H to evade complement-mediated killing. NG infection can hardly give rise to effective adaptive immune response and immune memory, but can promote TGF-β production to inhibit Th1/Th2-mediated adaptive immune response, bind to CEACAM1 on the B cell surface to promote apoptosis in B cells, and combine with CEACAM1 on the T cell surface to inhibit helper T cell proliferation, which makes it difficult for B cells to produce high-affinity specific antibodies. With the increasing drug-resistance of NG, immunological studies may play a significant role in the development of novel therapies and effective vaccines against the infection.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, CD , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Allergy and Immunology , Complement Factor H , Allergy and Immunology , Gonorrhea , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immune Evasion , Allergy and Immunology , Immunity, Innate , Allergy and Immunology , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Allergy and Immunology
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