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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 113-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993723

ABSTRACT

The global efforts aimed at preventing and controlling HIV infections have made remarkable progress. With the continuous accumulation of clinical evidence and the development of antiviral drugs, the treatment of HIV/AIDS has entered an era of chronic disease management. However, it has also brought about many challenges. Currently, some areas in prevention, control and management of HIV infection need to be further improved, and the long-term management model currently in use need to be further refined in China. The comprehensive whole-course management mode for HIV/AIDS, which is proved as effective and efficient means, should be widely recognized and vigorously promoted in order to provide reference and assistance for the clinical management of HIV infection in China.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 10-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993716

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has being spreading around the world, posing a serious threat to human health and lives. Neutralizing antibodies and small molecule inhibitors for virus replication cycle are the main antiviral treatment for novel coronavirus recommended in China. To further promote the rational use of antiviral therapy in clinical practice, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine) invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory and intensive care to develop an Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( trial version 10) and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in China. The consensus is concise, practical and highly operable, hopefully it would improve the understanding of antiviral therapy for clinicians and provide suggestions for standardized medication in treatment of COVID-19.

3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 79-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970676

ABSTRACT

This study aims to clarify host factors of IFN treatment in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients by screening the differentially expressed genes of IFN pathway CHB patients with different response to interferon (IFN) therapy. Three cases were randomly selected in IFN-responding CHB patients (Rs), non-responding CHB patients (NRs) and healthy participants, respectively. The human type I IFN response RT 2 profiler PCR array was used to detect the expression levels of IFN-related genes in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) from healthy participants and CHB patients before and after Peg-IFN-α 2a treatment. The results showed that more differentially expressed genes appeared in Rs group than NRs group after IFN treatment. Comparing with healthy participants, IFNG, IL7R, IRF1, and IRF8 were downregulated in both Rs and NRs group before IFN treatment; CXCL10, IFIT1, and IFITM1 were upregulated in the Rs; IL13RA1 and IFI35 were upregulated in the NRs, while IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1, and ADAR were downregulated. The expression of IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 was downregulated by 4.09 ( t = 10.58, P < 0.001), 5.59 ( t = 3.37, P = 0.028) and 10.83 ( t = 2.8, P = 0.049) fold in the Rs group compared with the NRs group, respectively. In conclusion, IFN-response-related gene array is able to evaluate IFN treatment response by detecting IFN-related genes levels in PBMC. High expression of CXCL10, IFIT1 and IFITM1 before treatment may suggest satisfied IFN efficacy, while high expression of IL13RA1, IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 molecules and low expression of IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1 and ADAR molecules may be associated with poor IFN efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-15 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Nuclear Proteins , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods , Interferons/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 56-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the genetic and genomic profiling of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and factors affecting its survival rate. Methods: Clinical characteristics, cytogenetics, molecular biology results and survival status of children with 27 JMML cases admitted to the Hematology Department of Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from December 2012 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, and the outcomes of the children were followed up. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was used for analyzing factors affecting the overall survival (OS) rates of patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Log-Rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Results: Among 27 JMML cases, there were 11 males and 16 females. The age of disease onset was 28 (11,52) months. There are 20 cases of normal karyotype, 4 cases of monosomy 7, 1 case of trisomy 8,1 case of 11q23 rearrangement and 1 case of complex karyotype. A total of 39 somatic mutations were detected.Those involved in RAS signal pathway were the highest (64%(25/39)), among which PTPN11 mutation was the most frequent (44% (11/25)). A total of 17 cases (63%) received HSCT, 8 cases (30%) did not receive HSCT, and 2 cases (7%) lost follow-up. For children receiving transplantation, the follow-up time after transplantation was 47 (11,57) months. The 1-year OS rate of high-risk transplantation group (17 cases) and high-risk non transplantation group (6 cases) was (88±8)% and (50±20)% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=5.01, P=0.025). The 5-year OS rate of the high-risk transplantation group was (75±11)%. The survival time of those who relapsed or progressed to acute myeloid leukemia after transplantation was significantly shorter than that of those who did not relapse (χ2=6.80, P=0.009). The OS rate of patients with or without PTPN11 mutation was (81±12) % and (67±19)% respectively (χ2=0.85, P=0.356). Conclusions: The main pathogenesis involved in JMML is gene mutation related to RAS signaling pathway, and the most common driver gene of mutation is PTPN11. Allogeneic HSCT can significantly improve the survival rate of high-risk JMML patients. The recurrence or progression after transplantation was related to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Mutation , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3421-3439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981478

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicinal resources are the material basis for the survival and development of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)and the sustainable development of Chinese medicinal resources is also an important project for the modernization of TCM in China. With the increasing demand for Chinese medicinal resources in China, over-exploitation has destroyed Chinese medicinal resources, resulting in a shortage of many natural medicinal resources in China and making the sustainable development of TCM in trouble. The introduced new foreign medicinal resources have become effective supplement and replacement for Chinese medicinal resources to some extent. However, the development and utilization of new foreign medicinal resources in China are different. To fully understand the development of new foreign medicinal resources in China, this paper, taking 43 new foreign medicinal resources such as Acacia nilotica as objects, sorted out the introduction forms and policies of new foreign medicinal resources, overviewed its current development status in China, summarized the application experience of new foreign medicinal resources in the place of origin, as well as the research progress and problems of new foreign medicinal resources in China and abroad, and analyzed the research situation, which can enrich Chinese medicinal resources and other uses, promote the sustainable development of Chinese medicinal resources, and provide ideas for further development and research of new foreign medicinal resources.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Conservation of Natural Resources , Sustainable Development , Internationality , China
6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 116-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at the initial visit on the survival of children with newly diagnosed medulloblastoma (MB).Methods:This was a case-control study involving 61 children with newly diagnosed MB at the Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2018 to January 2020 .The blood cell counts, lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin in the periphe-ral blood were measured to calculate NLR at the initial visit.Based on the cut-off value determined by receiver opera-ting characteristic (ROC) curve, patients were divided into high NLR group (≥ 2.07, n=21) and low NLR group (<2.07, n=40). The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between 2 groups were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, followed by Log- rank test.The correlation between NLR at the initial visit with clinical characteristics, lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin of children with newly diagnosed MB was analyzed.Differences between groups were compared by the Chi- square test, Mann- Whitney U test and independent sample t test. Results:The survival analysis showed that the relapse rate (38.1% vs.10.0%, χ2=6.879, P=0.016) and mortality rate (19.0% vs.0, χ2=8.154, P=0.011) were significantly higher in high NLR group than those of low NLR group.PFS (12 months vs.19 months, χ2=9.775, P=0.002) and OS (19 months vs.20 months, χ2=8.432, P=0.004) were significantly shorter in high NLR group than those of low NLR group.No significant differences in clinical characteristics were detected between groups (all P>0.05). Compared with low NLR group, the percentage of T lymphocyte[(67.93±6.37)% vs.(73.38±8.08)%, t=2.886, df=48.865, P=0.006], T helper cells (Th)[(30.86±5.53)% vs.(34.29±7.44)%, t=2.037, df=51.981, P=0.047], and T suppressor cells (Ts)[(27.39±5.50)% vs.(30.84±6.58)%, t=2.164, df=47.581, P=0.035] were significantly lower in high NLR group.Spearman correlation analysis showed a negative correlation between NLR and T lymphocyte count ( r=-0.303, P=0.018), and Ts lymphocyte count ( r=-0.260, P=0.043). Conclusions:Children with newly diagnosed MB expressing a high level of NLR had a poor prognosis, which may be associated with T lymphocyte and Ts lymphocyte.

7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 120-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928206

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a programmed cell degradation process that is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes including malignant tumors. Abnormal induction of autophagy plays a key role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We established a prognosis prediction model for hepatocellular carcinoma based on autophagy related genes. Two hundred and four differentially expressed autophagy related genes and basic information and clinical characteristics of 377 registered hepatocellular carcinoma patients were retrieved from the cancer genome atlas database. Cox risk regression analysis was used to identify autophagy-related genes associated with survival, and a prognostic model was constructed based on this. A total of 64 differentially expressed autophagy related genes were identified in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Five risk factors related to the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients were determined by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, including TMEM74, BIRC5, SQSTM1, CAPN10 and HSPB8. Age, gender, tumor grade and stage, and risk score were included as variables in multivariate Cox regression analysis. The results showed that risk score was an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( HR = 1.475, 95% CI = 1.280-1.699, P < 0.001). In addition, the area under the curve of the prognostic risk model was 0.739, indicating that the model had a high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The results suggest that the new prognostic risk model for hepatocellular carcinoma, established by combining the molecular characteristics and clinical parameters of patients, can effectively predict the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Prognosis
8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 627-632, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939631

ABSTRACT

Drugs may induce hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation (HBV-R). Here we have reviewed the definition and harm of HBV-R, the risk drugs and their underlying mechanism, the influence factors, as well as the early intervention measures. It is shown that multiple drugs, including chemotherapy drugs, immunotherapy drugs, directly acting antivirals, cell therapy, etc., can induce HBV-R by affecting host immunity or directly activating HBV transcription factors. HBV-R could cause severe liver damage, even interruption of treatment of original diseases, affecting the prognosis of patients. Through precisely identifying risk drugs, monitoring the influence factors, and prescribing preventive anti-HBV regimen if necessary, the incidence of HBV-R can be significantly reduced. It is also suggested that clinical physicians should not only pay attention to the early identification and intervention of HBV-R, but also further study the mechanism of HBV-R in depth, especially the underlying mechanism between host, HBV and risk factors. This will help to promote the discovery of more valuable markers for risk prediction and targets for early intervention, and to further reduce the risk of HBV-R and improve the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus , Immunotherapy , Risk Factors
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 389-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of nucleos(t)ide analogues in the treatment of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B with normal alanine aminotransferase and high level of HBV DNA. Methods: Treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients who were followed up at the Center of Infectious Diseases, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2019 to January 2020 were selected as subjects. Demographic characteristics, the results of laboratory examination before treatment and one year after treatment were retrospectively collected. Patients were divided into tenofovir dipivoxil (TDF) and propofol fumurate tenofovir (TAF) treatment group according to different types of medication. The changes of serum HBV DNA level, HBeAg serological conversion and HBsAg quantitative level were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 38 cases were enrolled. Among them, there were 16 and 22 cases in the TDF and TAF group, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in demographic characteristics, baseline HBV DNA levels and HBsAg quantitative levels between the two groups. Virological response was achieved in 60.5% (23/38) of patients after one year of antiviral therapy. Serum HBV DNA levels below the lower limit of detection [68.2% (15/22) vs. 50.0% (8/16), P=0.258] and higher HBeAg seroconversion rate [18.2%] (4/22) vs. 6.3% (1/16), P=0.374] was obtained in TAF than TDF group; however, there was no statistically significant differences between the two. Serum HBsAg quantitative level was significantly reduced with TDF and TAF treatment. In addition, alanine aminotransferase elevation was reduced in TAF than TDF treated group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patient age was an independent predictor of a virological response to antiviral therapy. Conclusion: HBeAg-positive CHB patients with normal alanine aminotransferase, and high HBV DNA level can obtain better curative effect after TDF and TAF treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alanine Transaminase , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 475-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932995

ABSTRACT

Plasma exchange therapy is applied for treatment of severe immune diseases of multiple organ systems and severe liver diseases by removing pathogenic factors and regulating immune function. Regional citrate anticoagulation has no effect on systemic coagulation function and does not increase bleeding risk, and it is one of the optional anticoagulation methods for plasma exchange therapy. This article reviews recent literature on simple plasma exchange therapy with regional citrate anticoagulation to provide a reference for clinical application of this therapy.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2167-2170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904861

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of the concept of collaborative innovation on the construction of a scientific research system for regional liver pathology center from multiple perspectives, and to explore its application significance. Methods A total of 1246 liver biopsy specimens which were examined in Department of Pathology in Wuxi Second People's Hospital and Wuxi Fifth People's Hospital from January 2014 to September 2020 were collected, among which the specimens examined before the founding of the regional liver pathology center were collected as nI group, and those examined after the founding of the center were collected as nII group. According to the examination time of the first, second, or third year after founding, the nII group was further divided into nIIa group, nIIb group, and nIIc group. A multi-perspective analysis was performed based on five indices, i.e., number of liver biopsy specimens, growth rate of liver biopsy specimens, growth rate of internal collaborative departments, growth rate of external collaborative units, and evaluation of the collaborative and innovative scientific research system. Results The growth rate of liver biopsy specimens in the nI group was 15.51%; after the founding of the regional liver pathology center, the highest growth rate of 187.76% was observed in the nIIa group, and a relatively stable growth rate of 76.35% was observed in the nIIb group. There was a gradual increase in the number of specimens in internal collaborative departments, with a growth rate of 50% in the nIIa group and 83.33% in the nIIb group, while the number of external collaborative units increased steadily, with a growth rate of 100% in the nIIa group and 50% in the nIIb group. The nII group showed a diversified increasing trend in the evaluation indices of the scientific research system. Conclusion It is a new perspective for the construction of regional disciplinary scientific research system to grasp the opportunity of policy-supported development and innovate the effective cooperation mode between internal departments and external units under the concept of collaborative innovation.

12.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 453-457, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the differences between the epidemiological data and clinical indicators of confirmed and suspected undiagnosed cases of COVID-19 in Changning District, Shanghai. Methods:A retrospective comparative study was conducted. We included 20 confirmed and 34 suspected but undiagnosed COVID-19 cases from January 20 to February 29, 2020. We analyzed the differences in epidemiological history, early clinical symptoms, blood routine indicators, and clinical imaging characteristics between the two groups. Results:The epidemic status of COVID-19 in Changning District of Shanghai was mainly imported, and most cases were promptly confirmed. Early clinical symptoms of confirmed and suspected undiagnosed cases often manifested as respiratory symptoms such as fever and dry cough. Compared with the confirmed cases, the cell counts of leukocytes, eosinophils, and neutrophils in suspected undiagnosed cases were significantly higher. Also, the concentration of serum C-reactive protein in suspected cases was higher than that in confirmed cases (P=0.230). The clinical imaging manifestations of confirmed cases were mainly ground glass opacity (GGO) scattered in both lung leaves, while the suspected undiagnosed cases mainly manifested as plain patch opacity, and the distribution of GGO was more irregular. Conclusion:There exists significant difference in blood routine indicators and clinical imaging features between confirmed and suspected cases of COVID-19.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 438-441, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the current situation of information security literacy, and determine its factors. Methods:Literature review and Delphi method were used to design a questionnaire on information security literacy. All users of disease control information system in Jinshan District,Shanghai were investigated. The questionnaire included information security related knowledge, awareness, role cognition, and behavior. Results:The overall proportion of information security literacy was determined to be 7.98%. Information security knowledge, awareness, role cognition, and behavior was identified in 17.18%, 37.42%, 62.58%, and 38.04% of the users, respectively. Sex, age and type of information system account were associated with the information security literacy. Conclusion:Information security literacy remains low in Jinshan District, which may not meet the current requirement in work. Particularly, information security behavior is at risk, which warrants further improvement in the information security management.

14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 410-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the level of anti-measles antibody in healthy population aged 1-14 years old in Shanghai, and project the risk of measles incidence in adult population in the future, which may provide evidence for enhancing the measles immunization strategy. Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect the serum of healthy people aged 1-14 years old in an urban district hospital in Shanghai. Serum concentration of anti-measles IgG antibody was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and dynamics of IgG antibody was compared. Results:The prevalence of anti-measles antibody in healthy people aged 1-14 years old was determined to be 95.29%, and the antibody protection rate was 61.86%. There was no significant difference in the distribution of antibody between men and women (P>0.05). However, there was statistical difference in the distribution of antibody among different age groups (P<0.05), in which the antibody showed a decreasing trend with age, especially after the age of 10 years. The lowest prevalence of anti-measles antibody and protection rate were observed in the population aged 13-14 years old, which were 87.41% and 22.96%, respectively. The GMT was 2.667 1 (equal to the concentration of anti-measles IgG antibody being 464.62 mIU/mL). According to the fitting model Ŷ =3.217-0.04X(R2=0.943,P<0.05), the antibody protection rate was projected to decrease to zero in the population aged 19-20 years old, whereas the anti-measles antibody was to zero in the population aged 29-30 years old . Conclusion:As there is almost no natural infection of measles,the anti-measles antibody after measles vaccine immunization showed a linearly decreasing trend with age after measles immunization.It is recommended that people aged 10-15 years should be administered intensive immunization for prevention of adults measles,which could be incorporated into current measles immunization strategies.

15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 824-829, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942530

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stent in improving surgical outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostium (FSO) following full endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in patients with whole group chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Methods: Patients with whole group CRSwNP who had similar lesions on bilateral sinus between September 2019 and March 2020 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Changhai Hospital were chosen. Patients with CRSwNP who underwent extended ESS were randomly assigned to receive a steroid-eluting sinus stent in one FSO whereas the contralateral side received surgery alone. Endoscopic evaluations recorded at 30, 90 days postoperative were graded by an independent assessment panel to assess the need for interventions in the FSO. Semi-quantitative data with CT and endoscopic score were performed by rank sum test. The need for postoperative intervention and the patency rate of FSO were analyzed using the McNemar test. Results: Thirty-one patients with whole group CRSwNP met all eligible criteria, including 17 males and 14 females, with the age of (44.5±11.8) years(x¯±s). Stents were successfully placed in one FSO of all patients. At 30 days post-ESS, the assessment panel reported that steroid-eluting stents reduced the need for postoperative interventions by 41.0% (χ2=5.314,P=0.021), the need for oral steroid interventions by 40.0% (χ2=4.133,P=0.042) and the need for surgical interventions by 74.8% (χ2=4.292,P=0.038) compared to control sinuses with no stents. Clinical surgeons also reported greater diameter of FSO compared to control sinuses at 30 days post-ESS (74.2% vs 48.4%, χ2=4.351, P=0.037). These results at 90 days post-ESS were consistent with those at 30 days post-ESS. Conclusion: Bioabsorbable steroid-eluting sinus stents in the FSO can reduce polyp formation, adhesion, and the need for postoperative interventions in FSO of CRSwNP patients and improve the early postoperative outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Absorbable Implants , China , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Frontal Sinus/surgery , Nasal Polyps/complications , Paranasal Sinuses , Rhinitis/complications , Stents , Steroids , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 446-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between semi-quantitative parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and long-term prognosis of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and to find prognostic indicators from non-invasive images of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Methods:Data were collected from January 2011 to January 2012 via a prospective clinical trial with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Clinical information was from 71 patients who completed the treatment plan with long-term follow-ups and UICC 2010 stage Ⅲ, Ⅳ A, Ⅳ B. The patients received three cycles of Taxotere-Platinol-Fluorouracil (TPF) regimen chrono-chemotherapy, followed by two cycles of concurrent paclitaxel chemotherapy with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). DCE-MRI examination was performed before induction chemotherapy to obtain DCE-MRI related semi-quantitative parameters. Correlation analysis was conducted between DCE-MRI related semi-quantitative parameters and short-term efficacy of nasopharyngeal lesions after concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Results:Of all 77 patients, 71 completed treatment and were followed up from 9 to 86 months, with a median follow-up of 77 months, with 80.2% and 67.6% in 3- and 5-year OS, 73.2% and 60.5% in 3- and 5-year PFS, respectively. Evaluation of short-term efficacy of nasopharyngeal lesions after concurrent chemoradiotherapy: the difference in tissue arrival time of contrast agent between complete response (CR) group and partial response (PR) group was statistically significant ( t=0.537, P<0.05). Univariate survival analysis found that OS ( χ2=3.982, P<0.05) and PFS ( χ2=4.019, P<0.05) in the group with short contrast arrival time were significantly higher than those in the group with long contrast arrival time. OS ( χ2=7.593, P<0.05) and PFS ( χ2=5.624, P<0.05) of patients aged over 45 years were significantly lower than those aged less than 45 years. Cox multivariate regression model showed that advanced clinical stage (stage Ⅳ A, Ⅳ B) ( P=0.048) and age≥45 years ( P=0.031) were independent prognostic factors of OS in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Long arrival time of contrast agent ( P=0.018), age≥45 years ( P=0.004), advanced N(2-3) stage ( P=0.032) and enhancement peak<3 000 ( P=0.005) were independent prognostic factors of PFS in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Conclusions:The arrival time of the contrast agent in DCE-MRI may be a reliable prognostic factor for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1095-1100, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of age with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) values as fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of three-dimensional nerve-sheath signal increased with inked rest-tissue rapid acquisition of relaxation imaging (3D SHINKEI) of the brachial plexus in normal adults.Methods:A total of 54 adult healthy volunteers and 6 patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome were prospectively enrolled from October 2018 to April 2019. Healthy volunteers were divided into 3 groups according to age as 21-40 years old group ( n=20), 41-60 years old group ( n=20), and ≥61 years old group ( n=14). All of them underwent MRI examination of the brachial plexus, including DTI and 3D SHINKEI sequences. The average FA and ADC values of the brachial plexus were measured and calculated through the fusion of DTI and 3D SHINKEI by 2 physicians independently. The contrast to noise ratio (CNR) of brachial plexus nerve was measured in 3D SHINKEI sequence images. Intraclass correlation efficient (ICC) was used to analyze the consistency between the two physicians. A simple linear regression model and Pearson correlation analysis were used to detect the correlation between FA, ADC, CNR and age. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare the differences of FA, ADC and CNR in different age groups. The FA and ADC values in different genders were compared by independent sample t-test. Results:Inter-observer agreements of the 2 physicians were good for FA and ADC values with ICC values of 0.811 and 0.901, respectively. For different groups, FA values were 0.397±0.023, 0.368±0.023, and 0.334±0.018 and ADC values were (1.376±0.072) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.466±0.086) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, (1.486±0.080) × 10 -3 mm 2/s, for 21-40, 41-60, and ≥61 years old groups, respectively with statistical significant difference ( F=25.311, P<0.001; F=9.948, P<0.001). The CNR of the brachial plexus were 510.583±192.846, 502.581±128.821, and 426.782±113.648 for 21-40, 41-60, and ≥61 years old group without statistical difference ( F=1.429, P=0.249). The FA value of brachial plexus was highly negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.745, P<0.001), while the ADC value was moderately positively correlated with age ( r=0.596, P<0.001). The CNR of 3D SHINKEI sequence was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.292, P=0.033). There was no statistically significant difference in brachial plexus FA and ADC values between male and female subjects ( t=1.496, P=0.141; t=-1.557, P=0.126). The FA value of Guillain-Barre syndrome patients was lower than that of healthy volanteers in the same age group ( t=6.129, P<0.001), and the ADC value had no statistical diference ( t=-1.335, P=0.186). Conclusion:The values of FA, ADC and CNR of brachial plexus in normal adults change with age. Among them, FA value is more significant.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 235-240, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate alterations of periventricular pseudocysts (PVPC) on MRI before and after birth, and to assess the prognosis.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 67 cases that were diagnosed with PVPC on prenatal MRI, of which 24 cases were lost to follow-up, 2 died after birth. A total of 41 surviving fetuses were included in this prognosis study. The gestational ages in this group were between 23 and 39 weeks, with an average of (33±3) weeks.All the subjects underwent brain MRI examinations and Gesell Developmental Scale (GDS) testing between 0-3 years of age. According to the location of cysts and with or without other intracranial and extracranial malformations (dilated ventricles orcerebella medulla, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, TORCH virus infection, corporal hypoplasia, chromosomal malformations and nodular sclerosis) , the patients were divided into four groups: isolated connatal cysts, connatal cysts with additional findings,isolated subependymal pseudocysts, and subependymal pseudocysts with additional findings.The MR images were independently reviewed by two radiologists blinded to the clinical information. Intraclass correlation efficient (ICC) was used to analyze the consistency between the two reviewers.Chi-square test was used to compare the location of cysts (single/bilateral), the number of cyst cavities (single/multi-chamber), and other abnormalities in the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group. The mean anteroposterior diameter and mean height of cysts between the connatal cyst group and subependymal cyst group were compared by independent sample t-test.The ANOVA test was used to compare the differences in GDS outcomes among the groups. Multiple comparisons were conducted using the LSD test. Results:Inter-observer agreements between the two radiologists were good for the collected data (all ICC>0.75). Eleven isolated connatal cysts and 7 connatal cysts with additional findings became smaller or disappeared, and all had good prognosis. Of the 14 isolated subependymal cysts, 12 became smaller or disappeared, 2 had no change in size, and 13 had good prognosis. The subependymal cysts with additional findings group included 9 cases: 6 became smaller or disappeared, only 3 showed no apparent changes, and 7 had an abnormal outcome. Subependymal cysts with additional findings were significantly reduced and patients demonstrated significant differences compared with the those with isolated subependymal cysts in the development quotients (DQ) of adaptability, large movements, fine movements, personal social interaction, and language DQ ( P all<0.05). DQ between patients with isolated connatal cysts and isolated subependymal cysts was comparable ( P all>0.05). When associated with additional findings, connatal cysts and subependymal cysts could induce significant different DQ outcome ( P all<0.05). Conclusions:Isolated PVPC usually become smaller or disappeared and have a benign presentation after birth, whereas patients with subependymal cysts with additional findings usually have a poor prognosis. Connatal cysts usually have a good prognosis.

19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 572-578, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828132

ABSTRACT

Since the emergence of novel coronavirus pneumonia in late 2019, it has quickly spread to many countries and regions around the world, causing a significant impact on human beings and society, posing a great threat to the global public health system. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was highly infectious, and some complications emerged rapidly in some patients, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, and multiple organ failure. The virus could trigger a series of immune responses, which might lead to excessive immune activation, thereby bringing about the immune system imbalance of the body. Up to now, there was no specific antiviral drug, and we conjectured that immunomodulatory therapy might play an essential part in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as adjuvant therapy. Therefore, we analyzed the possible mechanism of immune imbalance caused by the new coronavirus, and summarized the immunotherapeutic means of COVID-19 based on the mechanisms, to provide some reference for follow-up research and clinical prevention and treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral
20.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 77-77, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is a predictor of autonomic system dysfunction, and is considered as a potential mechanism of increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) induced by exposure to particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM@*METHODS@#An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of panel studies till November 1, 2019 was conducted to evaluate the acute effect of exposure to ambient PM@*RESULTS@#A total of 33 panel studies were included in our meta-analysis, with 16 studies conducted in North America, 12 studies in Asia, and 5 studies in Europe. The pooled results showed a 10 μg/m@*CONCLUSION@#Short-term exposure to PM


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , Heart Rate/drug effects , Particulate Matter/analysis
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