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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 12-15, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013602

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common neurological disorder with high incidence, high recurrence and high disability, but its pathogenesis is unclear. In recent years, the protective and attacking effects of glial cells on neurons have become the frontier of neurological disease research. Neuronal injury caused by abnormal activation of microglia (MG) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depression. In this paper, through literature retrieval by GeenMedical and CNKI, the relevant pathways and key targets of MG activation in depression are summarized so as to provide a theoretical basis for further clinical research.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 402-407, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007261

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury is caused by the drug itself and/or its metabolites during drug use or occurs due to hypersensitivity or reduced tolerance to the drug in a particular body type. In the last three years of the diagnosis and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), antiviral drugs have played a very important role, but there are many reports on liver injury caused by anti-COVID-19 drugs in China and globally, with unknown pathogenesis of liver injury caused by such drugs. This article reviews the research advances in the types of antiviral drugs for COVID-19 and their mechanism in inducing liver injury, in order to promote the rational use of antiviral drugs.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 232-242, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005445

ABSTRACT

To optimize the formulation and technology of oxymatrine-astragaloside IV coloaded liposomes (Om-As-Lip) based on quality by design (QbD) principles, and further to verify the feasibility of its amplification process, Om-As-Lip was prepared by ethanol injection combined with pH gradient method. The critical material attributions of Om-As-Lip were evaluated by dual-risk analysis tools and Plackett-Burman design (PBD). The formulation of Om-As-Lip was further optimized with the Box-Behnken design (BBD). The design space was also established based on the contour plots of BBD. In order to further investigate the amplification process of Om-As-Lip, the critical process parameters of high-pressure homogenization (HPH) were optimized by single-factor test, and the quality of the final product was also evaluated. The results of risk analysis and PBD confirmed that the astragaloside concentration, cholesterol concentration, and phospholipid ratio (HSPC∶SPC) were the ctitical material attributes. The model established by BBD had a good predictability, and the optimized mass ratio of As to phospholipids was 1∶40, cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶10, HSPC to SPC was 51∶9. The design space of Om-As-Lip was as follows: the ratio of cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶12-1∶5 and HSPC to SPC was 1∶7-17∶3. The optimized high-pressure homogenization pressure was 600 bar, temperature was 4 ℃, and cycle times was 6 times for HPH-Om-As-Lip. The quality of Om-As-Lip prepared based on the QbD concept can meet the expected CQAs, and the formulation and technology established can provide a reliable experimental basis for its future development and applications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 34-41, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009508

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To identify the potential target genes of blast lung injury (BLI) for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#This is an experimental study. The BLI models in rats and goats were established by conducting a fuel-air explosive power test in an unobstructed environment, which was subsequently validated through hematoxylin-eosin staining. Transcriptome sequencing was performed on lung tissues from both goats and rats. Differentially expressed genes were identified using the criteria of q ≤ 0.05 and |log2 fold change| ≥ 1. Following that, enrichment analyses were conducted for gene ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways. The potential target genes were further confirmed through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Observations through microscopy unveiled the presence of reddish edema fluid, erythrocytes, and instances of focal or patchy bleeding within the alveolar cavity. Transcriptome sequencing analysis identified a total of 83 differentially expressed genes in both rats and goats. Notably, 49 genes exhibited a consistent expression pattern, with 38 genes displaying up-regulation and 11 genes demonstrating down-regulation. Enrichment analysis highlighted the potential involvement of the interleukin-17 signaling pathway and vascular smooth muscle contraction pathway in the underlying mechanism of BLI. Furthermore, the experimental findings in both goats and rats demonstrated a strong association between BLI and several key genes, including anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4, which exhibited up-regulation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Anterior gradient 2, ankyrin repeat domain 65, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family A member 1, bactericidal/permeability-increasing fold containing family B member 1, and keratin 4 hold potential as target genes for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of BLI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Lung Injury/genetics , Goats/genetics , Keratin-4 , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 42-52, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009505

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Mannitol is one of the first-line drugs for reducing cerebral edema through increasing the extracellular osmotic pressure. However, long-term administration of mannitol in the treatment of cerebral edema triggers damage to neurons and astrocytes. Given that neural stem cell (NSC) is a subpopulation of main regenerative cells in the central nervous system after injury, the effect of mannitol on NSC is still elusive. The present study aims to elucidate the role of mannitol in NSC proliferation.@*METHODS@#C57 mice were derived from the animal house of Zunyi Medical University. A total of 15 pregnant mice were employed for the purpose of isolating NSCs in this investigation. Initially, mouse primary NSCs were isolated from the embryonic cortex of mice and subsequently identified through immunofluorescence staining. In order to investigate the impact of mannitol on NSC proliferation, both cell counting kit-8 assays and neurospheres formation assays were conducted. The in vitro effects of mannitol were examined at various doses and time points. In order to elucidate the role of Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in the suppressive effect of mannitol on NSC proliferation, various assays including reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunocytochemistry were conducted on control and mannitol-treated groups. Additionally, the phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) was examined to explore the potential mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of mannitol on NSC proliferation. Finally, to further confirm the involvement of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent (MAPK) signaling pathway in the observed inhibition of NSC proliferation by mannitol, SB203580 was employed. All data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL). The statistical analysis among multiple comparisons was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Turkey's post hoc test in case of the data following a normal distribution using a Shapiro-Wilk normality test. Comparisons between 2 groups were determined using Student's t-test, if the data exhibited a normal distribution using a Shapiro-Wilk normality test. Meanwhile, data were shown as median and interquartile range and analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test, if the data failed the normality test. A p < 0.05 was considered as significant difference.@*RESULTS@#Primary NSC were isolated from the mice, and the characteristics were identified using immunostaining analysis. Thereafter, the results indicated that mannitol held the capability of inhibiting NSC proliferation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner using cell counting kit-8, neurospheres formation, and immunostaining of Nestin and Ki67 assays. During the process of mannitol suppressing NSC proliferation, the expression of AQP4 mRNA and protein was downregulated, while the gene expression of p-p38 was elevated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, immunostaining, and western blotting assays. Subsequently, the administration of SB203580, one of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway inhibitors, partially abrogated this inhibitory effect resulting from mannitol, supporting the fact that the p38 MAPK signaling pathway participated in curbing NSC proliferation induced by mannitol.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mannitol inhibits NSC proliferation through downregulating AQP4, while upregulating the expression of p-p38 MAPK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mannitol/pharmacology , Brain Edema , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation
6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 209-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996551

ABSTRACT

To revise GBZ 188 Technical Specification for Occupational Health Surveillance based on national laws, regulations, standards, specifications and legal documents of occupational disease, and combination with the actual situation in China. The main modifications are as follows: the occupational health surveillance for workers exposed to toluene (xylene may implement by reference), bromopropane, methyl iodide, ethylene oxide, chloroacetic acid, indium and its compounds, coal tar, coal tarasphalt, asphalt, β-naphthylamine, dust of metal and its compounds(tin, iron, antimony, barium and its compounds), hard metal dust, erionite dust, low temperature, laser, tick-borne encephalitis virus, Borrelia burgdorferi, and human immunodeficiency virus, for scraper or grind operators, and underground workers using squatting or kneeling position, crawling position, side-lying position, or shoulder position for a long period of time are included. The emergency health screening for workers exposed to arsenic, fluorine and its inorganic compounds, and acrylamide are included. The occupational medical examination (OME) for workers exposed to amino and nitro compounds of benzene, phosgene, monomethylamine, organic fluorine and dimethyl sulfate has been adjusted and made mandatory, with corresponding assessments required upon leaving the job. The special occupational health surveillance for workers exposed to mycobacterium tuberculosis and hepatitis virus is removed. The OME conclusion of reexamination is removed, and standardize recheck/additional inspection requirements. The optional items in OME performed before, during and after leaving post are removed, but the optional items in emergency medical examination are retained. Additional OME items are added. The Guideline for OME Summary Reports is added as informative appendix, and so on. The revised GBZ 188 Technical Specification for Occupational Health Surveillance is more scientific and practical.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 302-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with a spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:The medical records of 276 hospitalized SCI patients were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into a DVT group ( n=63) and a no-DVT group ( n=213). Gender, age, blood type, smoking history, surgical history, the time from SCI to admission, cause of SCI, fracture, SCI segments, American Spinal Cord Injury Association grade and complications were compared between the two groups. Binomial logistic regression was used to isolate the risk factors for lower extremity DVT among such patients. Results:Among 84% of the 63 with a lower extremity DVT, it was a calf muscle venous thrombosis. Anemia, hyponatremia and time from SCI to admission (which ranged from 74 to 195 days) were the most serious DVT risk factors.Conclusions:SCI patients are of high risk for DVT, with anemia and hyponatremia being independent risk factors.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 220-223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994969

ABSTRACT

A case of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) with ocular masses as the main manifestation was reported. The patient was a middle-aged female, the initial symptom was eye swelling, pulmonary nodules were found before eye surgery, and further examination revealed proteinuria, hematuria and renal insufficiency. Renal pathology showed ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis. The final diagnosis was eye, kidney and lung lesions caused by AAV. Treatment with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide resulted in improvement in eye, kidney, and pulmonary lesions. Atypical clinical manifestations of AAV may lead to delayed diagnosis, and attention should be paid to the exclusion of AAV for ocular masses of unknown cause.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 236-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994315

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the effect of lipohypertrophy induced by insulin injection on blood glucose fluctuation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.Methods:A total of 80 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus were recruited between June 2021 and December 2021 from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. And these patients all received insulin injection more than six months. Lipohypertrophy was assessed by ultrasound scanning, and blood glucose fluctuation was evaluated using the flash glucose monitoring system(FGM). Univariate analysis and multivariate linear regression were used to analyze the relationship of lipohypertrophy and and core indicators of blood glucose fluctuation.Results:Compared with patients without lipohypertrophy, patients with lipohypertrophy had higher mean amplitude of glycemic excursions(MAGE), coefficient of variation(CV), mean of daily differences(MODD), standard deviation(SD) of blood glucose, time above range(TAR), and high blood glucose index(HBGI; all P<0.05), while time in range(TIR) of glucose markedly become lower( P<0.01). Moreover, multivariate linear regression analysis showed that lipohypertrophy detected by ultrasound was an independent influencing factor of TIR( β=-9.423, P=0.032), MAGE( β=1.114, P=0.039), CV( β=4.304, P=0.041), MODD( β=0.717, P=0.046) after adjusting for age at diagnosis, duration of insulin injection, fasting C-peptide, and daily dose of insulin per unit weight. Conclusion:Lipohypertrophy increases glycemic variability and imposes negative impact on glycemic control rate in patients type 1 diabetes mellitus.

10.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 680-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of thermobaric charge explosion simulated gas on long-term neurobehavior and hippocampal neurogenesis in rats.Methods:A total of 48 male SPF grade SD rats aged 8-10 weeks were randomly divided into control group, 5 min exposure group, 10 min exposure group and 15 min exposure group, with 12 rats in each group. Twenty-eight days after inhalation of infection, the anxiety-like behavior of rats was evaluated by an elevated cross maze, and the learning and memory function of rats was evaluated by two-way active avoidance experiment. The number of positive cells of rat hippocampal dentate gyrus neural stem cells marker molecule neural epithelial cell protein (SOX2) and mature neuron marker molecular neuronal nuclei (NeuN) was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Western blot was used to detect SOX2 and NeuN protein expression in the hippocampal tissues of rats. GraphPad prism 8.0 software was used for data analysis.The comparison of repeated measurement design data was carried out by repeated measurement ANOVA.One-way ANOVA was used for inter group comparisons, and Tukey test was used for pairwise comparison. Hippocampal nerve cells were counted using the Image J software.Results:(1) The experimental results of the elevated cross maze showed that the percentage of arm opening and the percentage of open arm residence time in each group had significant group effects ( F=22.31, 5.43, all P<0.05). The percentage of open arm entry times of rats in the 5 min, 10 min and 15 min exposure group ((28.85±1.47)%, (15.04±4.69)%, (12.66±2.89)%) and the percentage of residence time in open arm ((12.12±2.64)%, (12.16±1.11)%, (8.73±3.52)%) were all lower than those of the control group ((65.40±1.86)%, (42.92±3.12)%) (all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in pairwise comparison among the three exposure groups (all P>0.05). (2)During the memory acquisition period, the results of repeated-ANOVA showed that the time main effect ( F=56.46), the group main effect ( F=16.64) and the interaction effect had significant differences( F=4.21)(all P<0. 05). The difference values of active avoidance number between the 4th day and 1st day among the four groups were significant different ( F=68.63, P<0.05). During the memory reproduction period, there were significant differences in active avoidance number and active avoidance time among the four groups ( F=8.17, 8.28, both P<0.05). The active avoidance numbers in 10 min and 15 min exposure groups((2.50±0.26) times, (2.33±0.06) times)were significantly lower than those in the control group ((8.33±3.72) times) (both P<0.05), and the active avoidance time ((6.25±0.40)s, (6.61±1.63)s) were significantly higher than those in the control group((3.69±1.41)s) (both P<0.05). The active avoidance numbers in 10 min and 15 min exposure groups were significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group (both P<0.05). (3) The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that the numbers of SOX2-positive cells in the four groups were statistically significant ( F=5.33, P<0.05). The SOX2-positive cells in 15 min exposure group (4.33±1.12) was significantly lower than that in control group (7.67±1.52) ( P<0.05). The numbers of NeuN-positive cells in the four groups were significantly different ( F=11.06, P<0.05), and the NeuN-positive cells in the 10 min and 15 min exposure groups((105.67±8.50), (88.33±9.50)) were significantly lower than that in the control group (127.00±6.56) ( P<0.05). The NeuN-positive cells in 15 min exposure group were significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group (110.67±8.32) ( P<0.05). (4) Western blot results showed that the relative expression of SOX2 and NeuN proteins in the four groups was statistically significant ( F=11.560, 7.035, both P<0.05). The relative expression of SOX2 and NeuN proteins in the 15 min exposure group were significantly lower than those in control group (both P<0.05). The relative expression of SOX2 protein in 15 min exposure group was significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Acute exposure to warm pressure charge explosion simulated gas can lead to anxiety-like behavior, learning and memory deficits in rats, and significantly reduce the protein expression levels of hippocampal dentate gyrus neural stem cells and mature neuronal marker molecules SOX2 and NeuN.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 528-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991355

ABSTRACT

Medical microbiology experiment is faced with many problems in online teaching. This study adopts the teaching mode of online live broadcast + operation video + virtual experiment, and make up the operation gap to some extent through operation video and virtual experiment. The mode of assessment is subjective thinking question (closely following the operation process) + experiment design + literature review (focusing on the key technology or new technology of clinical assessment that cannot be carried out due to the limitation of conditions in traditional experiments, such as mass spectrometry, fluorescence quantitative PCR, and G-test), and it is helpful to understand students' mastery of teaching objectives, and the ability of comprehensive application and innovative thinking. The student questionnaire shows that most students hold a positive attitude towards the online experimental teaching mode, and the quality of students' homework shows that most students have a good learning effect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1569-1575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ego-depletion level of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to explore its association with glycemic control and quality of life.Methods:This was a cross-sectional survey study. A total of 195 adolescents with T1DM were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March to September 2022 by convenient sampling method. The Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale (SRF-S) and Short Form of the Chinese version Diabetes Quality of Life for Youth Scale (C-DQOLY-SF) and the general information questionnaire were collected and the glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) value was detected. Results:The total score of self-regulatory fatigue for 195 adolescents with T1DM was (42.23 ± 9.94) points, with a scoring rate of 52.79%, which was at a medium level. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total score of self-regulatory fatigue was positively correlated with HbA1c ( r = 0.25, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with quality of life ( r = -0.61, P<0.01). The hierarchical linear regression results showed that after controlling for demographic sociolagy and disease variables, ego-depletion had a positive predictive effect on HbA1c ( t = 3.69, P<0.01), while ego-depletion had a negative predictive effect on Quality of life ( t = -8.48, P<0.01). Conclusions:Ego-depletion of adolescents with T1DM may affect their blood glucose control and quality of life, which should be noticed by medical workers.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1429-1435, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To search, select and integrate the available evidence for the intracranial pressure management in patients with hemorrhagic stroke, to provide evidence-based references for clinical practice.Methods:According to the "6S" pyramid model, all literature on the management of intracranial pressure in patients with hemorrhagic stroke was retrieved from the websites and database including UpToDate, BMJ Best Practice, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, relevant guideline net works and association websites as well as National stroke database,Yimaitong, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP and other databases, including Clinical decision-making, guidelines, evidence collection, systematic evaluation, expert consensus and evidence-related original research. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to June 10, 2022. Two researchers independently evaluated the literature quality. The qualified literature was extracted.Results:A total of 19 pieces of literature were included, including 3 clinical decision-making, 5 guidelines, 3 systematic reviews, 4 expert consensuses, 3 randomized controlled studies and 1 case series study. Finally, 23 pieces of best evidence were summarized, involving 5 aspects such as assessment and monitoring, management goals, management scheme, treatment selection and methods, risk management.Conclusions:Active intracranial pressure management can improve the prognosis of patients with hemorrhagic stroke. It is recommended that health care professionals should select evidence in combination with specific clinical situations and formulate individualized intracranial pressure management programs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 286-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the role of Huaiqihuang Granules (HQ) in the long-term management of bronchial asthma in young children, and the effective effect on concomitant rhinitis.Methods:A prospective real-world multicenter study was conducted in children aged 2-5 years with asthma diagnosed in the outpatient department (from April 2016 to March 2019)who received either inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA)(control group); inhaled ICS/LTRA plus HQ(combination group), or HQ alone(HQ group). All patients were followed up at week 4, 8, 12 after treatment. The number of days with asthma symptoms, the frequency of severe asthma attacks, the level of asthma control, and the days with rhinitis symptoms in the last 4 weeks were recorded. Differences before and after treatment, and those among groups after treatment were compared using Kruskal- Wallis H test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results:A total of 2 234 eligible patients were recruited, and 2 147 cases completed followed-up visits, including 477, 1 374 and 296 cases in the control group, combination group, and HQ group, respectively. After the treatment, all 3 groups showed significant declines in the days with asthma symptoms, frequency of severe asthma attack and the days with rhinitis symptoms (all P<0.01), and the rate of well-controlled asthma increased significantly ( P<0.01). It lasted until the end of follow-up. Among groups, patients in the combination group showed significantly less days of asthma symptoms than those of the other 2 group at week 8 and 12[0(0, 0.9) d vs.0(0, 0.3) d, P<0.05; 0(0, 0.1) d vs. 0(0, 1.0) d, P<0.01]. Patients in the combination group and HQ group showed a significantly lower rate of severe asthma attacks than that of the control group at week 12 [0(0, 1), 0(0, 1), 0(0, 2), all P<0.05]. The well-controlled rate of asthma in the combination group was significantly higher than that of the control group and HQ group at week 8 and 12 (89.6% vs. 85.9% vs.82.1%, H=15.28; 90.9% vs. 84.1% vs. 81.8%, χ2=29.32, all P<0.01). Conclusions:HQ can significantly alleviate symptoms of asthma and rhinitis, severe attack of asthma, and increase the control rate of asthma when used as an additional treatment or used alone.

15.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 30-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a motor impairment rehabilitation monitoring aid for the assessment of motor impairment in patients who do not have or have difficulty walking independently.Methods:An assistive device vehicle was designed, equipped with an accelerometer and a six-dimensional force sensor. The normal walking (NW) group and abnormal walking group were set up, in which the abnormal walking group included moderate abnormal walking (MA) group, moderate abnormal walking with the aid of the assistive vehicle (MA-V) group, severe abnormal walking (SA) group, and severe abnormal walking with the aid of the assistive vehicle (SA-V) group. In the MA-V group, the range of knee movement was adjusted from 0 to 30°, and in the SA group, the knee joint was completely unbending. The gait cycles, peak and mean acceleration values of the right and left legs were evaluated by accelerometers, and changes in the upper limb forces were assessed by six-dimensional force transducers.Results:For the moderate impairment group, the difference in gait cycle between the MA and MA-V groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05), and the gait cycle in the MA-V group was slightly greater than that in the MA group. For the severe injury group, the gait cycle of the SA-V group was lower than that of the SA group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.01). For all abnormal groups, the mean and peak acceleration of the left leg were greater than that of the right leg, and the difference between the peak acceleration of the left leg and that of the right leg was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the abnormal walking pattern, the mean (absolute) value of the left hand force was greater than that of the right hand, especially in the Z-axis. The standard deviations of the combined forces on the left side for the NW, MA-V, and SA-V groups were 2.759, 8.297, and 13.118 N, respectively. The SA-V group had the highest dispersion in the force scatter plot, while the NW group had a better concentration. Conclusions:An assistive vehicle equipped with an accelerometer and a six-dimensional force sensor was designed to help physicians in the assessment and rehabilitation of motor disorders.

16.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 539-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989129

ABSTRACT

Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of myocardium caused by a variety of factors.The most common etiology is enterovirus, followed by respiratory viruses, especially the new coronaviruses, mycoplasma, rickettsia, and toxoplasma, etc.The probability of arrhythmia is relatively high in myocarditis due to increased myocardial susceptibility, and its type may be suggestive of disease progression and prognosis.Electrophysiological changes in the cardio-myocytes are observed by electrocardiography and ambulatory electrocardiography.Echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance are used to detect specific changes in the internal structure of the myocardium and left ventricular systolic function and to assist in the diagnosis.For the treatment of myocarditis, in addition to general treatment, according to the needs of the condition, intravenous immunoglobulin, glucocorticoids, and receptor antagonists of some cytokines can be used.The prognosis of pediatric myocarditis is related to the type of myocarditis, the speed of progression, the degree of myocardial damage, the electrophysiological changes and the structural changes of the heart.

17.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 253-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989076

ABSTRACT

Long-term antiplatelet therapy is critical for children with Kawasaki disease.Commonly used antiplatelet drugs have their own advantages and adverse reactions, so they need to be chosen carefully.Some studies have shown that drug resistance may occur in children with Kawasaki disease during antiplatelet therapy, which increases the risk of cardiovascular adverse events, and platelet aggregation function needs to be monitored during medication.This paper reviews the antiplatelet drugs in common use, the drug resistance of antiplatelet drugs and the detection methods of platelet aggregation function in Kawasaki disease, which is helpful to improve the safety of drugs use and reduce the incidence of complications in children.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 814-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015606

ABSTRACT

microRNA-21(miR-21) is an endogenous non-coding RNA and plays a key regulatory role in the process of cell proliferation and differentiation. In recent years, miR-21, as a widely studied miRNA, has attracted much attention for its role in skin- related diseases and wound healing. The study shows that miR-21, as a " broad factor", affects the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of different cells (keratinocytes, T cells, fibroblasts, etc.) by inhibiting the transcription and translation of different target genes (PTEN, TIMP, PDCD4, etc.) . At the same time, it plays a crucial role in skin tumors, skin immune diseases, skin inflammatory diseases, skin wounds and scar tissue formation by promoting inflammation through different signaling pathways. In this study, we reviewed the regulatory roles of miR-21 in different skin diseases (melanoma, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, T-cell lymphoma, psoriasis, scleroderma, etc.) and wound healing, aiming at deepening the understanding of miR-21 molecule in skin-related diseases and wound healing. The potential of miR-21 as a biomarker for skin disease diagnosis and its ability to evaluate the efficacy of drugs were also discussed. miR-21 is expected to become a new target of skin disease and wound healing, which may provide a new direction for clinical research.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 405-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015202

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To explore the potential pathophysiological mechanism of depression by screening the expression profiles and competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network microRNA(miRNA), long non-coding RNA(lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) in the hippocampus of chronic stress depression rat model. Methods Twelve SD rats were divided into blank group and model group. Chronic mild unpredictability stress (CUMS) was used to construct the rat model of depression. The whole transcriptome analysis was performed on the hippocampus of the rats, and the possible regulatory networks among lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA and circRNA-miRNA-mRNA were explored by bioinformatics method. Results According to the | fold change | ≥1. 5 and P≤0. 05, 29 differentially expressed miRNAs (21 up-regulated and 8 down-regulated), 686 differentially expressed lncRNAs (163 up-regulated and 523 down-regulated) and 8 differentially expressed circRNAs (3 up-regulated and 5 down-regulated) were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kytot Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis showed that the target genes of miRNAs were mainly enriched in the Golgi apparatus and calcium ion binding process in the cell membrane, the functions of lncRNAs target genes involved nucleic acid binding regulation, cytokine and protein ubiquitination, etc, and the functions of host genes of circRNAs were associated with cellular stimulation response, metabolic process, catalytic activity and other processes. The ceRNA network of lncRNAs and circRNAs showed complex interactions between non-coding RNA (ncRNA) and mRNA related to synaptic plasticity, such as protein Wnt-sa(WNT5a) and collagentype III alpha1(COL8a1) related to axon orientation and laminin A2(LAMA2) related to neurodevelopment. Conclusion The ceRNA network of lncRNA and circRNA shows that the complex interaction betweens ncRNA and mRNA is highly associated with the neuroplasticity, which support the neuroplasticity hypothesis of depression.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 685-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013155

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen. Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical manifestations, treatment, prognosis, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of 29 hospitalized children with invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection confirmed by blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bone marrow and other sterile body fluids or deep pus culture at the Department of Infectious Diseases, the Department of Orthopedics and the Department of General Surgery in Xiamen Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2021 were analyzed. According to the clinical diagnosis criteria, the patients were divided into sepsis group and non-sepsis group (bacteremia and local suppurative infection). The inflammatory markers, serogroups distribution and drug resistance were compared between the two groups. Comparison between groups using Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. Results: Among the 29 cases, there were 17 males and 12 females, with an onset age of 14 (9, 25) months, and 10 cases (34%) of patients were younger than 1 year old, 15 cases (52%) under 1 to 3 years old, and 4 cases (14%) greater than or equal 3 years old. The onset time of 25 cases (86%) was from April to September. The diseases included 19 cases (66%) septicemia (2 of which were combined with suppurative meningitis), 10 cases (34%) non-sepsis group, including 7 cases bacteremia and 3 cases local suppurative infection (2 cases of osteomyelitis, 1 case of appendicitis with peritonitis). The clinical manifestations were fever in 29 cases (100%), diarrhea and abdominal pain in 18 cases (62%), cough and runny nose in 10 cases (34%). Eighteen cases (62%) were cured and 11 cases (38%) were improved by effective antibiotics treatment. C-reactive protein in sepsis group was significantly higher than that in non-sepsis group (25.2 (16.1, 56.4) vs. 3.4 (0.5, 7.5) mg/L, Z=-3.81, P<0.001).The serogroups of C, B and E were the most prevalent among non-typhoid Salmonella isolates, accounting for 10 cases (34%), 9 cases (31%) and 7 cases (24%) respectively. Antibacterial drug sensitivity test showed that the sensitivity rates of imipenem, ertapenem and piperaciratazobactam were all 100% (31/31), those of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, and cefepime were 94% (29/31), 94% (29/31) and 97% (30/31) respectively. The drug resistance rates of ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were 51% (16/31), 48% (15/31) and 48% (15/31) respectively, those of cefazolin, cefotetan, tobramycin, gentamicin and amikacinwere all 100% (31/31). There were no significant differences in the drug resistance rates of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, aztreonam, ampicillin-sulbactam, ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin between the sepsis group and the non-sepsis group (χ2=0.31,0.31,0.00,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.26, all P>0.05). Conclusions: Invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen mainly occurred in infants younger than 3 years old.The main clinical manifestations are fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. C-reactive protein can be served as the laboratory indicators for indicating sepsis. The third generation of cephalosporins is recommended as the first choice for treatment.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Salmonella , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Bacteremia , Abdominal Pain , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
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