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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the chain mediating effect of depression and rumination between negative life events and non-suicidal self-injury(NSSI).Methods:Adolescents self-harm scale was used to investigate 1 000 students in a vocational school of Guizhou Province. A total of 333 vocational students with NSSI were screened through, and further investigated by adolescent self-rating life events check list (ASLEC), the center for epidemiological studies depression scale (CES-D), and ruminative Response Scale (RRS). SPSS 25.0 and Mplus 8.1 software were used for data analysis, and the bias corrected percentile Bootstrap method was used to test the mediating effect.Results:(1)The scores for negative life events, depression, rumination and NSSI were 67.00 (54.00, 79.00), 47.00 (39.00, 53.50), 64.00 (54.00, 76.00) and 7.00 (2.00, 10.00) respectively.(2)Negative life events were positively correlated with depression ( r=0.29, P<0.01), rumination ( r=0.40, P<0.01), and NSSI ( r=0.18, P<0.01). (3)The mediating effect size of depression between negative life events and NSSI was 0.07, accounting for 38.89% of the total indirect effect.The mediating effect size of rumination between negative life events and NSSI was 0.06, accounting for 33.33% of the total indirect effect.The chain mediating effect of depression and rumination between negative life events and NSSI was 0.05, accounting for 27.78% of the total indirect effect. Conclusion:Negative life events can indirectly affect NSSI of vocational education students through depression and rumination, as well as the chain mediating path.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of aerobic combined stretching exercise during dialysis on the severity of restless legs syndrome(RLS), quality of life and sleep quality in hemodialysis (HD) patients.Methods:A total of 63 HD patients with RLS who were admitted to the Hemodialysis Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from March 2018 to March 2019 were selected as research objects. According to the random number table method, they were divided into the observation group (32 cases) and the control group (31 cases). Patients in the control group were given conventional nursing methods while patients in the observation group were given the aerobic combined stretching exercise during dialysis. The International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale (IRLS) Kidney Disease Quality of Life, (KDQOL-36 TM), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and blood chemistry were used to evaluate the effect of exercise on HD patients with RLS. Results:After intervention, the observation group ′s IRLS scores was 12.19±4.48, lower than the control group (17.87±3.91), the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 3.021, P<0.05). The scores of physical health, mental health, kidney burden, symptoms and discomfort, effects of kidney disease in KDQOL-36 TM of the observation group were 44.56±6.64, 46.12±4.95, 19.92±15.91, 87.59±5.65, 64.55±13.20, higher than the control group (37.43±4.81, 41.81±4.87,12.10±14.87, 78.83±7.96, 55.45±15.52), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -5.027--2.015, P<0.05). The PSQI total score was 8.94±2.54, lower than that of the control group (13.13±1.31), the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 8.271, P<0.05). The blood phosphorus was (1.80±0.48) mmol/L in the observation group, lower than (2.04±0.34) mmol/L in the control group, and hemoglobin, blood calcium [(105.31±13.58) g/L, (2.26±0.20) mg/L] were higher than those in the control group[(99.52±8.21) g/L, (2.05±0.29) mg/L], the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.275, -2.042, -3.325, P<0.05). Conclusions:The aerobic combined stretching exercise during dialysis relieves the symptom of RLS, improves the sleeping quality and quality of life.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To uncover the effect of circ0025847 on the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells and its molecular mechanisms.Methods:qRT-PCR was utilized to analyze the expression of circ0025847 and QK1 in human colorectal cancer cells (HCT116, SW480) and normal mucosa cells (NCM460) .CCK-8 was used to analyze the effect of circ0025847 and QK1 on proliferation in colorectal cancer cells. Bioinformatics method was used to screen RBP which could bind to circ0025847. RNA pulldown and RIP was utilized to confirm whether QK1 binds to circ0025847.Effects of circ0025847 over-expression on QK1 expression was analyzed by Western blot.NC group, circ0025847 overexpression group and circ0025847 overexpression+ QK1 inhibitor group were established and the proliferation effect was determined by CCK8.Results:circ0025847 (the expression levels in NCM460, HCT116 and SW480 cells were 1.01±0.05, 0.49±0.08, 0.45±0.10) and QK1 (the expression levels in NCM460, HCT116 and SW480 cells were 0.98±0.07, 0.50±0.07, 0.47±0.09) expression was significantly downregulated in colorectal cancer cells. Overpression of circ0025847 and QK1 suppressed colorectal cancer cells growth.RNA pull-down and RIP clarified that circ0025847 bind to QK1 and circ0025847 positively regulate QK1 expression (7 199.20±12.44 VS 3 889.80±11.03) . circ0025847 inhibiting the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells by promoting the expression of QK1 was confirmed by rescue experiment.Conclusion:circ0025847 inhibits colorectal cancer cells proliferation via positively regulating QK1 expression, indicating that circ0025847 may be potential therapeutic target of colorectal cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906262

ABSTRACT

With the development of economic globalization and the increasingly complex international competition environment, pharmaceutical research and development has become the most powerful weapon for pharmaceutical companies to cope with the uncertainty of the competitive market. From the perspective of the pharmaceutical industry, based on the five-element theory, the article used the thinking of comparative state to carry out analogy research on the five-element theory and entrepreneur type system. Based on the entrepreneur type system and enterprise management system, the article embedded the enterprise senior management team system, and entrepreneurs were included in the system and assigned roles according to their different characteristics. Then through the analysis of the relationship between different entrepreneurs and the research and development (R&D) directors, the article expounded the influence of different types of entrepreneurs on the R&D process. The purpose of this study is to provide different types of entrepreneurs with management solutions for pharmaceutical R&D innovation and internal collaborative management, which is conducive to the analysis of advantages and disadvantages of entrepreneurs based on their own characteristics, and can effectively improve their ability of internal resource integration and independent innovation in drug R&D.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Kangxian Yixin prescription in regulating mitochondrial permeability transition pore(mPTP)and inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Method:H9c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured routinely. After 8 h of starvation,the cells were divided into the normal group,model group,Kangxian Yixin prescription(0.25 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group,and cyclosporin A(CsA,10 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) group and treated with the corresponding drugs for 24 h for follow-up experiments. The H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy model was induced by norepinephrine(NE),whose optimal concentration was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The degree of mPTP opening was detected by flow cytometry, followed by the measurement of mRNA and protein expression levels of apoptosis-related factors cyclophilin D(Cyp-D),cytochrome C(Cyt-C),and cysteine aspartate-specific protease-3(Caspase-3) after mPTP opening and the quantification of mitochondrial membrane potential. Result:When the concentration of NE was 200 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, the mRNA expression levels of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) were the highest, implying that it was the optimal concentration to induce H9c2 cell hypertrophy. Compared with the normal group,the model group exhibited excessive opening of mPTP,weakened relative fluorescence intensity in mitochondria, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and elevated mRNA and protein expression of Cyp-D,Cyt-C,and Caspase-3(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group,both Kangxian Yixin prescription and CsA inhibited mPTP opening,enhanced the relative fluorescence intensity of mitochondria, increased mitochondrial membrane potential(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),and lowered the mRNA and protein expression of Cyp-D,Cyt-C,and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Kangxian Yixin prescription inhibits cardiomyocyte apoptosis possibly by regulating mPTP opening and inhibiting the expression of apoptosis-related factors Cyp-D,Cyt-C, and Caspase-3.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2706-2709, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905026

ABSTRACT

China is a big country with liver diseases, and various hepatitis viruses, drug poisons, and alcohol can cause liver injury and even liver failure. The key to the prognosis of patients with liver failure is liver self-repair and regeneration. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has been extensively studied as a tumor marker in liver cancer, but its role in liver regeneration in patients with liver failure awaits further studies. This article summarizes the basic research on AFP in liver regeneration and the clinical research on AFP in acute liver failure and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), as well as the previous research findings of our group that AFP is an important prognostic index and regeneration factor for liver regeneration after hepatitis B virus-related ACLF. The analysis shows that further studies on the role of AFP in the prognosis of various types of liver failure and the mechanism of liver regeneration will help deepen our understanding of AFP and liver regeneration, thereby providing new ideas and methods for the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of patients with various types of liver failure.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922180

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of environmental chemical exposure on blood pressure (BP) have been confirmed, but the association between exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) and hypertension risk and BP in the general population remains unknown.@*METHODS@#Cross-sectional associations between SHS exposure and hypertension risk and BP values were evaluated using data for subjects who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2016. Logistic regression and linear regression were performed after adjusting for age, sex, race, alcohol consumption, poverty-to-income ratio (PIR), body mass index (BMI), estimated glomerular filtration rate, physical activity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and NHANES cycle. Restricted cubic spline models were created to display the potential nonlinear association between SHS and BP levels.@*RESULTS@#Higher risk of hypertension was found at the highest SHS concentrations (OR = 1.13, 95% CI 1.04, 1.24, P for trend = 0.007). Additionally, SHS exposure had a strong positive association with systolic blood pressure (SBP) but was negatively associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Furthermore, the nonlinear model result showed a significant association between SHS and SBP (P = 0.017); however, the nonlinear model result was not significant for SHS or DBP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest a potential association between high SHS exposure and the risk of hypertension. Further research is needed to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/statistics & numerical data , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 796-803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922149

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality globally, which is the biggest menace to the health and life of the population. Screening and early detection of lung cancer are effective in reducing its mortality, and the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become a promising clinical means for early detection, course detection and prognosis management of lung cancer, with advantages of rapid speed, non-invasiveness and convenience. Now, a variety of VOCs collection ways and analysis methods have emerged at home and abroad. This report summarized three aspects, including VOCs collection, multiple methods of analysis and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. At last, we discussed the limitations and prospects of VOCs analysis.
.


Subject(s)
Breath Tests , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Volatile Organic Compounds
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1249-1255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore the correlation between myocardial protective effect of EA and inflammatory factors i.e. interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male SD rats with normal ultrasonic cardiogram were randomized into a sham-operation group, a sham-operation plus EA group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each group. The AMI model was established by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the coronary artery in the model group and the EA group, while the threading without ligating was adopted in the sham-operation group and the sham-operation plus EA group. In the sham-operation plus EA group and the EA group, EA at bilateral "Neiguan" (PC 6) was applied, with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency and 2 mA in density, once a day, 20 min a time for 3 days. The cardiac ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) were measured by ultrasonic cardiogram to evaluate the cardiac function, the cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected by TUNEL staining, the infiltration of inflammatory factors of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area was observed by H.E. staining, the expression of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-17 of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area was detected by immunofluorescence staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, EF and FS were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Neiguan" (PC 6) can improve the cardiac function and reduce the apoptosis of cardiomyocyte in rats with acute myocardial ischemia, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the inflammatory factors of "Neiguan" (PC 6) area.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Male , Myocardial Ischemia/therapy , Myocardium , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1127-1134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) on distal, middle and proximal colonic mucosal injury and expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) positive nerve fibers of distal colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis (UC) mice at different time points.@*METHODS@#A total of 51 C57BL/6N mice were randomized into a 7-day control group (@*RESULTS@#Mucosal injury can be observed in mice after modeling, displaying epithelial layer disappearance, abnormal crypt structure or crypt disappearance. Compared with the 7-day control group, colon length was shortened (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) can reduce the expressions of positive nerve fibers of colonic mucosa and CGRP positive nerve fibers of distal colonic mucosa, thus, improve the colonic mucosal injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/genetics , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Intestinal Mucosa , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Moxibustion , Nerve Fibers
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1023-1028, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on expression of interleukin (IL) -23/IL-17 axis and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the infarcted tissue in rats with myocardial infarction (MI), and to explore the mechanism of EA on alleviating MI injury.@*METHODS@#Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a sham-operation plus EA group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each group. The MI models were established by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery in the model group and EA group, while only threading was performed in the sham-operation group and sham-operation plus EA group. The rats in the sham-operation plus EA group and EA group were treated with EA at "Neiguan" (PC 6), disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz, 2 mA, once a day, 20 min each time, for 3 days. After the intervention, the ejection fraction (EF) was measured by echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac function; the infarct area was measured by TTC staining; the HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of myocardial tissue; the levels of IL-23 and IL-17 in infarcted tissue were detected by ELISA; the protein expression of TLR4 in infarcted tissue was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, the EF was decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#EA may alleviate the excessive inflammatory response after MI by inhibiting the expression of IL-23/IL-17 axis in MI rats, and TLR4 may be involved during the process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Interleukin-17/genetics , Interleukin-23/genetics , Male , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics
12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 785-788, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912967

ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is a common clinical manifestation in patients with advanced cancer, and pain treatment is a part of cancer treatment. The titration method of opiod drugs will be recommended for relieving pain in moderate-severe pain in order to improve the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer. Individualized pain control refers to the concept that different patients show different resistance responses to opiod drugs. This article briefly reviews the classification and mechanism of cancer pain, the titration method of opiod drugs in the cancer pain control and individualized application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911631

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term prognosis and recurrence of young liver transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods:Based upon the database of liver transplantation center, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 39 young recipients(18~40 years)and 158 middle-aged and elderly recipients(over 40 years)from 2013 to 2017. The parameters of overall survival(OS), recurrence-free survival(RFS)and disease-specific survival(DSS)were compared between two groups.Cox's proportional hazard model was utilized for evaluating the prognostic factors.Results:Significant inter-group difference existed in recurrence rate of HCC. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed no significant difference in OS rate(1/3-year OS, 82.1%, 66.7% and 86.1%, 74.7%, P>0.05)and DSS rate(1/3-year DSS, 94.9%, 82.1% and 99.4%, 91.1%, P=0.053); RFS rate(1/3-year RFS, 51.3%, 41.0% and 73.0%, 62.7%, P=0.008)showed significant differences; Cox multivariate analysis revealed that AFP>400 μg/L was an independent risk factor for OS, DSS and RFS; poorly differentiated tumors and positive micro-vascular invasion(MVI)were independent risk factor for DSS; poorly differentiated tumors and total tumor size >5 cm were independent risk factors for RFS. Conclusions:Although RFS of young adult group is worse than that in middle-aged and elderly group after LT, no significant inter-group difference exists in OS or DSS. And LT is still a quite effective treatment for young HCC patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 455-461, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911049

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the urodynamics quality in Southwest China, and find out the main issues of urodynamics quality in Southwest China and try to find out the improvement ways.Methods:In this study, a two-stage sampling method was used.In the first stage, 10 medical institutions in Southwest China were selected by cluster sampling from March to June, 2020.In the second stage, according to the development of UDS in Southwest China, the sample size estimation formula was adopted, and the loss of follow-up rate in reports extraction was considered, the initial sample size was 350. As the workload of UDS in the 10 medical institutions involved in the study was equivalent, 35 urodynamics traces from each medical institution were selected. The initial samples should also meet the inclusion criteria: ①patients with clear medical history and complete clinical data; ②UDS traces were clear; ③UDS system was water filled system; ④age>18, and 150 urodynamic traces were included in the final study. We evaluated the quality of enrolled urodynamics traces, and the quality evaluation standard according to the guidelines established by the International Continence Society (ICS). The evaluation conducted by two independent urologist with more than 10 years working experience. Artifacts were divided into non-technical artifacts: abnormal abdominal pressure changes, urine volume <150 ml when did the uroflow test, and technical artifacts: non-standard zero setting, fail to record all urodynamics parameters, baseline drift, catheter displacement, misjudgment of detrusor physiological contraction and detrusor overactive in voiding phase, misjudgment between detrusor overactive and bladder low compliance in filling phase.Results:non-technical artifacts: 32 cases were found abnormal abdominal pressure changes (21.3%), 21 cases (14.0%) were found when did the uroflow test the urine volume <150 ml, and technical artifacts: Non-standard zero setting in 28 cases (18.7%), fail to record all urodynamics parameters in 8 cases, baseline drift in 16 cases, catheter displacement in 9 cases and misjudgment of detrusor physiological contraction and detrusor overactive in voiding phase in 12 cases, misjudgment between detrusor overactive and bladder low compliance in filling phase in 24 cases (16.0%).Conclusions:At present, the urodynamics quality in Southwest China need to be improved. The main issues were that the operator didn’t obey the basic operation and quality control process, and the operator did not have enough basic knowledge of urodynamics. It can be improved by strictly carry out the operation standard of UDS, identifying and correcting artifacts in time, and promoting the standardized urodynamic training courses.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887502

ABSTRACT

To analyze the collaborative use and separation reasons of lifting-thrusting and twirling reinforcing and reducing manipulation. Lifting-thrusting manipulation and twirling manipulation are two important contents of acupuncture methods. In traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, the two methods were used in reinforcing and reducing concert, which was mainly related to the therapeutic thought guided by the


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Lifting , Moxibustion , Needles , Taiwan
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1246-1252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887094

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease with angiogenesis, inflammatory factor infiltration and joint destruction as the main pathological features. Angiogenesis promotes the development of RA and plays an important role in its pathogenesis. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) signal transduction is a critical pathway to induce synovial angiogenesis. Targeting HIF-VEGF-Ang-2 signal transduction to inhibit synovial angiogenesis is a promising approach for RA treatment. This article reviews the role and mechanism of HIF-VEGF-Ang-2 signal transduction-mediated synovial angiogenesis in RA, in order to provide a new target and strategy for RA treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1293-1296, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886894

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the level and risk factor of lead exposure among children in one city of Jiangsu.@*Methods@#In northern Jiangsu Province, 373 children from 2 primary schools were enrolled and were tested for blood lead and heavy metal exposure. Lead exposure was tested in household dust of 46 children. A multivariate Logistic regression was used for lead exposure risk analysis. Spatial distribution of lead contamination in household dust was conducted and compared with the location of industrial enterprises.@*Results@#The geometric mean of blood lead in 373 children was 25.80 mg/L,the blood lead of 3 children (0.8%) was more than 100 mg/L. Pencil biting ( OR=4.26, 95%CI=1.61-10.68, P <0.05) and lead contamination in surrounding environment ( OR=2.93, 95%CI=1.24-7.34, P =0.02) was positively related to high blood lead level in children. The geometric mean household dust lead concentrations in 46 children was 302.27 μg/mg, and household with high dust lead levels were mainly located around manufacturing enterprises.@*Conclusion@#Environmental factors correlate with blood lead level in children. Efficient strategies and public health policies are urgently needed to control and prevent environmental lead pollution. Families and schools should actively carry out health education to engourage children good hygiene habits, and effectively reduce lead exposure.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879136

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of nuciferine on alleviating obesity based on modulating gut microbiota, ameliorating chronic inflammation, and improving gut permeability. In this study, the obese model mice were induced by high-fat diet and then randomly divided into model group, and nuciferine group; some other mice of the same week age were fed with normal diet as normal group. In the modeling process, the mice were administered intragastrically(ig) for 12 weeks. In the course of both modeling and treatment, the body weight and food intake of mice in each group were measured weekly. After modeling and treatment, the Lee's index, weight percentage of inguinal subcutaneous fat, and the level of blood lipid in each group were measured. The pathological changes of adipocytes were observed by HE staining to evaluate the efficacy of nuciferine treatment in obese model mice. 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis was conducted to study the changes in diversity and abundance of gut microbiota after nuciferine treatment. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) and quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) were used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and the expression of related genes in adipose tissue of mice in each group, so as to evaluate the effect of nuciferine on chronic inflammation of mice in obese model group. qPCR was used to detect the expression of occludin and tight junction protein 1(ZO-1)gene in colon tissure, so as to evaluate the effect of nuciferine on intestinal permeability of mice in obese group. Nuciferine decreased the body weight of obese mice, Lee's index, weight percentage of inguinal subcutaneous fat(P<0.05), and reduced the volume of adipocytes, decreased the level of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C)(P<0.05) in serum, improved dysbacteriosis, increased the relative abundance of Alloprevotella, Turicibacter, and Lactobacillus, lowered the relative abundance of Helicobac-ter, decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α genes in adipose tissue(P<0.01), decreased the levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in serum(P<0.05), and increased the expression of occludin and ZO-1 genes related to tight junction in colon tissue(P<0.01). Nuciferine could treat obesity through modulating gut microbiota, decreasing gut permeability and ameliorating inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aporphines , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878693

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize clinical characteristics and investigate possible pathogenic gene of Klippel-Feil syndrome(KFS)by the self-designed multigene panel sequencing,so as to decipher the molecular basis for early diagnosis and targeted therapy.Methods From January 2015 to December 2018,we consecutively recruited 25 patients who were diagnosed with KFS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The demographic information,clinical manifestations,physical examination and radiological assessments were analyzed.Multigene panel sequencing was performed after DNA extraction from peripheral blood.The possible pathogenic mutations of KFS were explored on the basis of bioinformatics analysis.Results The KFS cohort consisted of 25 patients,including 15 males and 10 females,with a mean age of(12.9±7.3)years.Limited cervical range of motion was the most common clinical feature(12 cases,48%).Based on the Samartzis classification,the proportion of patients suffered from short neck(P=0.031)and limited cervical range of motion(P=0.026)in type Ⅲ KFS was significantly higher than that in type Ⅱ and type Ⅰ KFS.Panel sequencing detected a total of 11 pathogenic missense mutations in eight patients,including COL6A1,COL6A2,CDAN1,GLI3,FLNB,CHRNG,MYH3,POR,and TNXB.There was no pathogenic mutation found in five reported pathogenic genes(GDF6,MEOX1,GDF3,MYO18B and RIPPLY2)associated with KFS.Conclusions Our study has shown that patients with multiple contiguous cervical fusions are more likely to manifest short neck,limited cervical range of motion,and clinical triad.Therefore,these patients need additional attention and follow-up.Our analysis highlights novel KFS-related genetic variants,such as COL6A and CDAN1,extending the spectrum of known mutations contributing to this syndrome and providing a basis for elucidating the pathogenesis of KFS.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Glycoproteins , Humans , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/genetics , Male , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Radiography , Transcription Factors/genetics
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 849-854, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876515

ABSTRACT

The permeation and pharmacodynamics of ocular drugs are influenced by the corneal barrier. Here, a hard-soluble drug, brinzolamide, was selected as the model drug and used for preparation of minimally invasive dissolving microneedles. Brinzolamide was dissolved in ethanol and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) K90 was added and dissolved. The mixture solution was casted into the dissolving microneedles mold and dried and brinzolamide dissolving microneedles (BMN) were obtained after demolding. The stereoscopic and scanning electron microscopic images showed that BMN were conical needles with the height of 750 μm, the bottom diameter of 300 μm, and the inter-tip distance of 500 μm. The dissolving microneedles patch was composed of 10×10 arrays with the area of 1 cm2 and the high drug load of 7.3 mg·cm-2. BMN showed a rapid in vitro drug release with 93% accumulative release at 2 h and the high drug corneal permeation amount of 877 ± 105 μg. BMN exhibited the high mechanical strength of 0.32 N/needle, leading to easy rat corneal insertion with the depth of 200 μm. Moreover, BMN were rapidly dissolved in the cornea, and more importantly, the damaged cornea were quickly self-healed within 24 h. Animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical and the experiments were conducted in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. Ocular minimally invasive dissolving microneedles have the advantages of corneal minimal wounds and rapid healing, high drug loading, and high permeability, favoring the treatment of ocular diseases.

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