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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3743-3752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981507

ABSTRACT

Radiation-induced intestinal injury(RIII), a common complication of radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies, affects the quality of life and the radiotherapy efficacy for cancer. Currently, the main clinical approaches for the prevention and treatment of RIII include drug therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and surgical treatment. Among these methods, drug therapy is cost-effective. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) containing a variety of active components demonstrates mild side effects and good efficacy in preventing and treating RIII. Studies have proven that TCM active components, such as flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, and alkaloids, can protect the intestine against RIII by inhibiting oxidative stress, regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines, modulating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, adjusting intestinal flora, and suppressing cell apoptosis. These mechanisms can help alleviate the symptoms of RIII. The paper aims to provide a theoretical reference for the discovery of new drugs for the prevention and treatment of RIII by reviewing the literature on TCM active components in the last 10 years.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Quality of Life , Intestines , Alkaloids
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 793-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980797

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Yizhi Tiaoshen (benefiting mental health and regulating the spirit) acupuncture on learning and memory function, and the expression of phosphorylated tubulin-associated unit (tau) protein in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) model rats, and explore the effect mechanism of this therapy on AD.@*METHODS@#A blank group and a sham-operation group were randomly selected from 60 male SD rats, 10 rats in each one. AD models were established in the rest 40 rats by the intraperitoneal injection of D-galactose and okadaic acid in the CA1 region of the bilateral hippocampus. Thirty successfully-replicated model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a western medication group and an acupuncture group, 10 rats in each one. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Sishencong" (EX-HN 1), "Neiguan" (PC 6), "Shenmen" (HT 7), "Xuanzhong" (GB 39) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6); and the needles were retained for 10 min. Acupuncture was given once daily. One course of treatment was composed of 6 days, with the interval of 1 day; the completion of treatment included 4 courses. In the western medication group, donepezil hydrochloride solution (0.45 mg/kg) was administrated intragastrically, once daily; it took 7 days to accomplish one course of treatment and a completion of intervention was composed of 4 courses. Morris water maze (MWM) and novel object recognition test (NORT) were used to assess the learning and memory function of the rats. Using HE staining and Nissl staining, the morphological structure of the hippocampus was observed. With Western blot adopted, the protein expression of the tau, phosphorylated tau protein at Ser198 (p-tau Ser198), protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) in the hippocampus was detected.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in all of the indexes between the sham-operation group and the blank group. Compared with the sham-operation group, in the model group, the MWM escape latency was prolonged (P<0.05), the crossing frequency and the quadrant stay time in original platform were shortened (P<0.05), and the NORT discrimination index (DI) was reduced (P<0.05); the hippocampal cell numbers were declined and the cells arranged irregularly, the hippocampal neuronal structure was abnormal and the numbers of Nissl bodies decreased; the protein expression of p-tau Ser198 and GSK-3βwas increased (P<0.05) and that of PP2A decreased (P<0.05). When compared with the model group, in the western medication group and the acupuncture group, the MWM escape latency was shortened (P<0.05), the crossing frequency and the quadrant stay time in original platform were increased (P<0.05), and DI got higher (P<0.05); the hippocampal cell numbers were elevated and the cells arranged regularly, the damage of hippocampal neuronal structure was attenuated and the numbers of Nissl bodies were increased; the protein expression of p-tau Ser198 and GSK-3β was reduced (P<0.05) and that of PP2A was increased (P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the above indexes between the acupuncture group and the western medication group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture therapy of "benefiting mental health and regulating the spirit" could improve the learning and memory function and alleviate neuronal injure of AD model rats. The effect mechanism of this therapy may be related to the down-regulation of GSK-3β and the up-regulation of PP2A in the hippocampus, and then to inducing the inhibition of tau protein phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Tubulin , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , tau Proteins/genetics , Acupuncture Therapy , Hippocampus
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 723-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013903

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism by which calpain-1 promotes hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension pulmonary artery endothelial cell apoptosis through endoplasmic reticulum stress. Methods C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and calpain-1 gene knockout mice (KO) were reared in a hypoxic chamber (10% O

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 951-961, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002747

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic-related psychological symptoms can lead to smartphone addiction (SPA) risk and other behavioral disorders, thus impacting individuals’ mental health and well-being. The present study aims to propose a mediation model to investigate the association between emotional intelligence (EI) and SPA, and the mediating role of future anxiety (FA) during the post-COVID-19 era. @*Methods@#An online questionnaire including the Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Dark Future Scale, and the Smartphone Addiction Scale among university students from China, was conducted between September 14 and November 22, 2022. Finally, 1,154 valid questionnaires were collected. The reliability and confirmatory factor analysis results showed that all three scales had good reliability and validity. @*Results@#Structural Equation Model demonstrated that EI significantly and negatively influenced SPA (β=0.211, p<0.001), university students’ FA significantly and positively effected SPA (β=0.315, p<0.001), EI significantly predicted SPA in university students, and FA partially mediated the association between EI and SPA. The mediation effect of FA was 0.110, which accounted for 34.27% of the total effect. Bootstrap results furthermore tested the rigor of the mediating effect. @*Conclusion@#These findings broaden our understanding regarding the relationship between EI and SPA and the mediating role of FA, providing new sights for educators on how to reduce the risk of SPA when confronting the ongoing and possible future pandemics.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 494-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935175

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic efficiency and incremental value of quantitative myocardial blood flow measurements by Cadmium-Zine-Telluride (CZT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with traditional semi-quantitative measurements by MPI. Methods: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients with suspected or known CAD, who underwent the dynamic MPI quantitative blood flow measurement of CZT SPECT in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2018 to December 2020. Clinical data, semi-quantitative parameters (stress score (SS), rest score (RS) and different score (DS)) and myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters (rest myocardial blood flow (rMBF), stress myocardial blood flow (sMBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR)) were analyzed. According to the results of coronary angiography, patients were divided into the stenosis group and the control group with coronary artery stenosis ≥50% or ≥75% as the diagnosis criteria. The differences of quantitative and semi-quantitative parameters between the two groups were compared, and the diagnostic efficacy was compared by receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve. Results: A total of 98 patients with a mean age of (62.1±8.7) years were included in the study, including 66 males (67%). At the patient level, with the positive standard of coronary artery stenosis≥50%, the left ventricle (LV) stress MBF (LV-sMBF) ((1.36±0.45) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (1.45±0.43) of the stenosis group were lower than the LV-sMBF ((2.09±0.64) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (2.17±0.54) of control group; summed SS and summed DS were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With the positive standard of coronary artery stenosis ≥75%, the LV-sMBF ((1.19±0.34) ml·min-1·g-1) and LV-MFR (1.34±0.35) of stenosis group were lower than the LV-sMBF ((1.94±0.63) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (2.00±0.58) of control group; all semi-quantitative parameters were higher than control group (all P<0.05). At the vascular level, with coronary artery stenosis ≥50% as the diagnosis criteria, the sMBF ((1.26±0.49) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.35±0.46) of stenosis group were lower than the sMBF ((1.95±0.70) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (2.05±0.65) of control group; SS and DS were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥75% as the diagnosis criteria, the sMBF ((1.12±0.41) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.25±0.38) of stenosis group were lower than the sMBF ((1.84±0.70) ml·min-1·g-1) and MFR (1.93±0.66) of control group; all semi-quantitative parameters were higher than control group (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥50% as the diagnosis criteria and CAG as the reference standard, the AUC and 95%CI of myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters indicated by ROC curve for diagnosis of CAD were 0.830 (0.783-0.877). The sensitivity (86.1% vs. 61.5%), specificity (82.6% vs. 73.8%), positive predictive value (77.8% vs. 62.5%), negative predictive value (89.3% vs. 73.0%) and accuracy (84.0% vs. 68.7%) were all higher than the semi-quantitative parameters (all P<0.05). With coronary artery stenosis≥75% as the diagnosis criteria, the AUC and 95%CI of myocardial quantitative blood flow parameters indicated by ROC curve for diagnosis of CAD were 0.832(0.785-0.879). The sensitivity (89.2% vs. 67.6%), negative predictive value (95.5% vs. 86.2%) and accuracy (80.6% vs. 68.0%) were all higher than semi-quantitative parameters (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with traditional SPECT MPI derived semi-quantitative parameters, diagnostic efficacy for CAD is higher using CZT SPECT quantitative myocardial blood flow parameters, this strategy thus has additional diagnostic benefits and incremental value on the diagnosis of CAD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 222-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma and to improve the level of early clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children diagnosed with basal ganglia germinoma admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Ward of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma.@*RESULTS@#A total of 30 patients were included in the study, 28 were male, 2 were female, the mean age at onset was (9.7±2.2) years, the median disease duration was 7 months, 27 had unilateral disease, and 3 had bilateral disease. The clinical manifestations were decreased limb muscle strength, cognitive function disorders, polydipsia, precocious puberty, intracranial hypertension, dysphonia and swallowing dysfunction. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal in the 30 patients, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) were normal in 8 patients.The serum β-HCG was normal in 11 patients but the cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG was slightly elevated, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG were slightly elevated in 11 patients. A total of 33 lesions with irregular shapes were found by imaging examination, including 15 (45.5%) patchy lesions, 10 (30.3%) patchy lesions, and 8 (24.2%) round-like high-density lesions. Tumors showed obvious high-density shadows on computed tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the tumors showed low or isointensity on T1WI and isointensity on T2WI, accompanied by mild peritumoral edema, hemispheric atrophy, cerebral peduncle atrophy, calcification, cystic degeneration, ventricular dilatation and wallerian degeneration. On contrast-enhanced scans, the tumor showed no enhancement or heterogeneous enhancement.@*CONCLUSION@#The main age of onset of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia in children is about 10 years old, and males are absolutely dominant. The clinical features and imaging manifestations have certain characteristics. With both combined, the early diagnosis of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia can be improved.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Atrophy/pathology , Basal Ganglia/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Germinoma/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 240-248, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the optimal maintenance dose of caffeine citrate for preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 566 preterm infants (gestational age ≤34 weeks) who were treated and required assisted ventilation and caffeine citrate treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit of 30 tertiary hospitals in Jiangsu Province of China between January 1 and December 31, 2019. The 405 preterm infants receiving high-dose (10 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate after a loading dose of 20 mg/kg within 24 hours after birth were enrolled as the high-dose group. The 161 preterm infants receiving low-dose (5 mg/kg per day) caffeine citrate were enrolled as the low-dose group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the low-dose group, the high-dose group had significant reductions in the need for high-concentration oxygen during assisted ventilation (P=0.044), the duration of oxygen inhalation after weaning from noninvasive ventilation (P<0.01), total oxygen inhalation time during hospitalization (P<0.01), the proportion of preterm infants requiring noninvasive ventilation again (P<0.01), the rate of use of pulmonary surfactant and budesonide (P<0.05), and the incidence rates of apnea and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.01), but the high-dose group had a significantly increased incidence rate of feeding intolerance (P=0.032). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the body weight change, the incidence rates of retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage or necrotizing enterocolitis, the mortality rate, and the duration of caffeine use (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This pilot multicenter study shows that the high maintenance dose (10 mg/kg per day) is generally beneficial to preterm infants in China and does not increase the incidence rate of common adverse reactions. For the risk of feeding intolerance, further research is needed to eliminate the interference of confounding factors as far as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Citrates , Infant, Premature , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 836-842, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare oxytocin combined with ergometrine with oxytocin alone in terms of primary prophylaxis for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) at the time of cesarean section (CS).Methods:This was a multicenter double-blind randomized controlled interventional study comparing ergometrine combined with oxytocin and oxytocin alone administered at CS. From December 2018 to November 2019, a total of 298 parturients were enrolled in 16 hospitals nationwide. They were randomly divided into experimental group (ergometrine intra-myometrial injection following oxytocin intravenously; 148 cases) and control group (oxytocin intra-myometrial injection following oxytocin intravenously; 150 cases) according to 1∶1 random allocation. The following indexes were compared between the two groups: (1) main index: blood loss 2 hours (h) after delivery; (2) secondary indicators: postpartum blood loss at 6 h and 24 h, placental retention time, incidence of PPH, the proportion of additional use of uterine contraction drugs, hemostatic drugs or other hemostatic measures at 2 h and 24 h after delivery, the proportion requiring blood transfusion, and the proportion of prolonged hospital stay due to poor uterine involution; (3) safety indicators: nausea, vomiting, dizziness and other adverse reactions, and blood pressure at each time point of administration.Results:(1) The blood loss at 2 h after delivery in the experimental group [(402±18) ml] was less than that in the control group [(505±18) ml], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). (2) The blood loss at 6 h and 24 h after delivery in the experimental group were less than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of PPH, the proportion of additional use of uterine contraction drugs, hemostatic drugs or other hemostatic measures at 2 h and 24 h after delivery, the proportion requiring blood transfusion, and the proportion of prolonged hospital stay due to poor uterine involution (all P>0.05). (3) Adverse reactions occurred in 2 cases (1.4%, 2/148) in the experimental group and 1 case (0.7%, 1/150) in the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The systolic blood pressure within 2.0 h and diastolic blood pressure within 1.5 h of drug administration in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), but the blood pressure of the two groups were in the normal range. Conclusion:The use of ergometrine injection in CS could reduce the amount of PPH, which is safe and feasible.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940582

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Danggui Niantongtang (DGNTT) on cell apoptosis and autophagy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). MethodRA-FLS were isolated and cultured from the synovial tissue of RA patients. The cells were treated with 10% blank serum (blank control group), 10% sera containing low, medium and high doses of DGNTT. Wound healing assa and cell invasion test were applied to observe the effect of RA-FLS invasion technique. The apoptosis and autophagy level of RA-FLS cells was detected by Hoechst33342 method and monodansylcadaverine (MDC) staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), autophagy key molecular yeast Atg6 homolog 1 (Beclin1) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)and Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank control group,each dose of serum could slow down the wound healing and significantly Reduce the number of RA-FLS cells invading the lower chamber(P<0.01),the mRNA and protein expression levels of Bcl-2,LC3,Beclin1 were significantly decreased(P<0.01), and Bax were significantly increased(P<0.01). Hoechst33342 results showed that low, medium and high doses DGNTT could promote RA-FLS cell apoptosis. After MDC staining,autophagosome in low, medium and high doses DGNTT decreased significantly(P<0.01). ConclusionDanggui Niantongtang can effectively inhibit the proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes. Its mechanism may be related to promote apoptosis and inhibit autophagy of fibroblast-like synoviocytes.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 41-49, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940286

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the preventive and control effects of Danggui Niantongtang against adjuvant arthritis differentiated into wind-damp-heat impediment in rats and its influences on the expression of autophagy-related proteins microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), homolog of yeast Atg6 (Beclin1) and p62. MethodThe six-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group, wind-damp-heat impediment model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose Danggui Niantongtang (5.67, 11.34, 22.68 g·kg-1) groups, and methotrexate (MTX, 1.35 mg·kg-1) group, with 10 rats in each group. A rat model of adjuvant arthritis was established by subcutaneous injection of inactivated Mycobacterium tuberculosis into the tail root, followed by exposure to the manual climatic box for 16 d for inducing the wind-damp-heat impediment. The drugs were administered intragastrically on the day of immunization for 28 d. The general conditions of rats were observed and the swelling degree of toes and arthritis index (AI) were detected. The pathological changes in the synovial tissues of the knee joints were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA expression levels of LC3, Beclin1, and p62 in the synovial tissues were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), followed by the assay of their protein expression by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. ResultCompared with the normal group, the wind-damp-heat impediment model group exhibited significantly increased swelling degree of toes (P<0.01), increased AI (P<0.01), proliferated synovial cells (P<0.01), up-regulated LC3 and Beclin1 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.01), and down-regulated p62 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.01) after 16, 20, 24, 28-d medication. Compared with the wind-damp-heat impediment model group, each medication group displayed alleviated toe swelling and synovial hyperplasia to different degrees, decreased mRNA and protein expression levels of LC3 and Beclin1 (P<0.01), and increased p62 mRNA and protein expression (P<0.05,P<0.01), with the best outcomes observed in the medium-dose Danggui Niantongtang group. ConclusionDanggui Niantongtang effectively relieves adjuvant arthritis due to wind-damp-heat impediment in rats, which may be related to its regulation of the expression of autophagy-related proteins LC3, Beclin1, and p62 and the inhibition of autophagy.

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 847-854, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the medication rules of Chinese herbs to treat heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) based on data mining and to provide references for clinical utilization.@*METHODS@#The China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database (Wanfang), VIP database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature (CBM), PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to October 2021 to identify relevant literature on treating HFPEF with Chinese herbs. Microsoft Excel 2019 was used to set up a database, and then, association rule analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed by using apriori algorithm and hclust function respectively in R-Studio (Version 4.0.3).@*RESULTS@#A total of 182 qualified papers were included, involving a total of 92 prescriptions, 130 Chinese herbs, and 872 individual herbs prescribed, with an average of 9.5 herbs per prescription. The six most frequently prescribed herbs were Astragali Radix (Huangqi), Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (Danshen), Poria (Fuling), Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (Gancao), Cinnamomi Ramulus (Guizhi), and Ginseng Radix Et Rhizoma (Renshen). There were 35 herbs used more than 5 times, involving 11 efficacy categories. The top three categories were deficiency-tonifying herbs, blood-activating and stasis-removing herbs, and dampness-draining diuretic herbs. The most commonly used herbs were mainly warm and sweet. The primary meridian tropisms were Lung Meridian, Heart Meridian and Spleen Meridian. Association rule analysis yielded 26 association rules, such as Astragali Radix (Huangqi) & Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (Danshen), Poria (Fuling), Cinnamomi Ramulus (Guizhi) & Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma (Baizhu). Hierarchical cluster analysis yielded four herb classes, and their functions were mainly qi-replenishing and yang-warming, blood-activating and diuresis-inducing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HFPEF is the syndrome of root vacuity and tip repletion, and its core pathogenesis is "deficiency", "stasis", and "water", with "deficiency" being the most principal, which is closely related to Xin (heart), Fei (Lung), and Pi (Spleen). The treatment of this disease occurs by improving qi, warming yang, activating blood and inducing diuresis. Astragali Radix (Huangqi) with Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma (Danshen) is the basic combination of herbs applied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Stroke Volume
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1201-1204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942321

ABSTRACT

We report one case of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline after taking unilateral adrenalectomy due to aldosterone adenoma. A 60-year-old male with 23-year history of hypertension was reported to the endocrinologist due to hypokalemia (serum potassium 3.01 mmol/L). Urine microalbumin/creatinine (ALB/CR) was 70.15 mg/g, serum creatinine was 82 μmol/L and eGFR was 89.79 mL/(min·1.73 m2). Random serum aldosterone was 172.2-203.5 ng/L, and random plasma rennin activity was 0-0.17 μg/(L·h). His captopril challenge test suggested that his aldosterone le-vels were suppressed by 8% (< 30%) and the adrenal enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a left adrenal tumor. The patient was diagnosed with primary hyperaldosteronism (PA), aldosterone adenoma and underwent left laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Histological examination confirmed adrenal cortical adenoma. One week after the operation, his serum creatinine was increased to 127 μmol/L compared with preoperative level; eGFR was 32.34 mL/(min·1.73 m2). His systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 110 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 60 mmHg (hypotensive drugs discontinued), and serum potassium level was 5.22 mmol/L. At the end of the 2-year follow up, the serum creatinine of this patient remained at 109-158 μmol/L and eGFR fluctuated from 63.28-40.12 mL/(min·1.73 m2). PA is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension. Several studies have reported renal function deterioration of PA patients after unilateral adrenalectomy, like the patient in this article. Age, preoperative plasma aldosterone concentration, albuminuria and preoperative potassium level might be significant predictors of a decrease in the eGFR. Growing evidence suggests that aldosterone could contribute to structural kidney damage, arterial injury and hemodynamic disorder. At the same time, patients with PA exhibit glomerular hyperfiltration and glomerular vascular hypertension, leading to the misinterpretation of renal function in PA patients as subtle kidney damage may be masked by the glomerular hyperfiltration before treatment. After a unilateral adrenalectomy, glomerular hyperfiltration by aldosterone excess is resolved and renal damage can be unmasked. In conclusion, kidney function deterioration after adrenalectomy can be detected in some patients with PA. Thus, accurate evaluation of kidney function in patients with PA may be essential, especially for those with preoperative risk factors for postoperative renal impairment. After unilateral adrenalectomy, close monitoring of renal function and adequate management are required for PA patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenalectomy , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hyperaldosteronism/surgery , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
13.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 874-880, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922770

ABSTRACT

Nine new compounds, including five natural rarely-occurring 2, 3-dihydro-1H-indene derivatives named diaporindenes E-I (1-5), and four new benzophenone analogues named tenellones J-M (6-9) were isolated from the deep-sea sediment-derived fungus Phomopsis lithocarpus FS508. All the structures for these new compounds were fully characterized on the basis of spectroscopic data, NMR spectra, and ECD calculation and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The potential anti-tumor activities of compounds 1-9 against four tumor cell lines SF-268, MCF-7, HepG-2, and A549 were evaluated using the SRB method. Compound 7 exhibited cytotoxic activity against the SF-268 cell line with an IC


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Crystallography, X-Ray , Fungi , Molecular Structure , Phomopsis
14.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 270-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015964

ABSTRACT

Proteasome regulatory particles(RPs) play a vital role in many essential signaling pathways for the regulation of protein degradation and maintenance of cell homeostasis. The mechanism of eukaryotic proteasomes in cancer treatment and drug development has attracted widespread attention. Currently, three proteasome inhibitors are already in use in clinical treatments. There is continuous in-depth research on proteasome structures as well as functions using crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy. Recently, the atomic structure of three types of RPs has been resolved. Type 1 is conservative RP 19S (PA700). Type 2 is the 11S RP PA28 (PA28α, PA28β, PA28γ) and PA26. Type 3 is a conservative Blm10/PA200 proteasome RP. The Type 1 proteasome RP carries out protein degradation activity in an ATP-dependent manner, types 2 and 3 function in an ATP-independent manner. By studying the structure and function of three different types of proteasome RPs, the mechanism of proteasome activity was clarified and the development of inhibitors based on the structure was promoted. Based on the structural biology research of proteasome RPs, this article systematically summarizes the structural biological characteristics of the three types of proteins and the research progress of their mechanisms of regulation of different cellular processes. This will increase our knowledge about proteasome research developments and will provide important reference information for drug design in cancer treatment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 38-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Wenxin prescription on the key targets of gap 1/synthesis (G<sub>1</sub>/S) cell cycle transformation in rats with atherosclerosis (AS), and reveal the mechanism of Wenxin prescription in the treatment of AS. Method:Ninety SPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group (<italic>n</italic>=6) and a modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=84). The rats in the modeling group were fed on a high-fat diet (4% cholesterol, 0.5% sodium cholate, 0.2% propyl thiouracil, 10% lard, 5% sugar, and 80.3% basal feed) for 60 days, and intraperitoneally injected with 400 000 U·kg<sup>-1 </sup>vitamin D<sub>3</sub>, once a week for three weeks. The model rats were then randomly divided into a model group, high-dose (24 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium-dose (12 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Wenxin prescription groups, and a rosuvastatin (1.8 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group. The groups with drug intervention were treated correspondingly by gavage for 30 days. The rats in the model group were administered with an equal volume of distilled water. The general condition of rats was observed after treatment. The levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total cholesterol (CHO) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the atherosclerosis index (AI) was calculated. The pathological morphology of the coronary artery and aorta was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The protein and mRNA expression of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1), phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein (p-Rb), cell division cycle 25 (Cdc25), CyclinE, and CyclinD<sub>1</sub> was detected by Western blot and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time-PCR), respectively. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed intima thickening, smooth muscle proliferation, and plaque formation in the coronary artery and aorta, decreased HDL-C (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased LDL-C, CHO, and AI (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated protein and mRNA expression of E2F1, Cdc25, p-Rb, CyclinE and CyclinD<sub>1</sub> (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the rosuvastatin group and the Wenxin prescription groups showed slight intimal hyperplasia and lumen narrowing of the coronary artery and aorta, decreased levels of LDL-C, CHO, and AI (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and declining protein and mRNA expression of E2F1, Cdc25, p-Rb, CyclinE, and CyclinD<sub>1</sub> to varying degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Wenxin prescription can significantly inhibit the expression of key proteins and genes of the G<sub>1</sub>/S cell cycle, regulate G<sub>1</sub>/S cell cycle transformation, and reduce vascular smooth muscle and intimal hyperplasia in AS rats.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Danggui Niantongtang on the protein and mRNA expression of key regulatory factors of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathway in synovial tissue of adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to further explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Method:The general condition of AA rats, including its body weight, were observed. The changes of toe volume were detected by toe volume meter. Histopathological changes of synovium of knee joint were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor super family 6 (Fas), Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain(FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase Caspase-3 (Caspase-3) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the toe volume of the model group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly proliferated synovial cells, significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 in synovial tissues(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and significantly increased Bcl-2 level (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the swelling degree of toes in Danggui Niantongtang group and Tripterygium group was significantly alleviated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly improved synovial hyperplasia, significantly increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly decreased expression levels of bcl-2 mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Danggui Niantongtang can effectively reduce joint swelling and abnormal proliferation of synovial tissue in AA rats. Its mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of Fas, FADD, Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3, and promoting the apoptosis of synovial cells.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 845-849, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881270

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the knowledge and consumption of sugar sweetened beverage(SSB) and its influencing factors among third grade primary students, to provide basis for take targeted intervention measures.@*Methods@#In September 2019, 1 686 primary school students of grade 3 were randomly selected from 2 primary schools in 1 urban area and 1 outer suburb area of 12 districts in Nanjing by using a multistage cluster sampling method,and a self administered questionnaire were offered to them to collect the knowledge about sugar sweetened beverage and its intake.@*Results@#Totally 753 students (44.7%) answered 6 or more SSB knowledge questions correctly, and the rate of 389 students (50.2%) in urban areas was higher than that of 364 students (40.0%) in suburban areas. There were 780 (46.3%) students who knew that dairy containing beverage could not replace milk, the rate of 403 (52.0%) students in urban area was higher than that of 377 (41.4%) students in suburban area (χ 2=17.76, 18.99, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that compared with the frequency of consumption of SSB <1 time per week, the behavioral risk factors of primary school students who drink SSB ≥4 times per week were:urban area (OR=1.55), low parents educational level (OR=2.44), and frequent storage of SSB at home (OR=1.62). The protective factors were as follows:duration of extracurricular physical activity <120 min/week (OR=0.68), video time <120 min/day (OR=0.50), awareness rate of SSB ≥60% (OR=0.75), and restriction of high sugar snacks by parents (OR=0.60).@*Conclusion@#The knowledge associated with SSB among third grade students in Nanjing is relatively low. Consumption of SSB has been influenced by areas, parents educational level, knowledge about SSB and family factors. SSB consumption among primary students should be interfered at the school and family level. The health food education need to carry out based on the school and family, so as to create a supportive atmosphere integrating the school family to drink less sugar beverages.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 247-255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789014

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism of Huangqin decoction (HQT) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) by using network pharmacology, chemical components and targets related to the four herbs of Chinese meteria medical in HQT were searched through the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) to construct the interaction network diagram of the target point of the compounds. The UC-related targets were screened through OMIM, TTD, and GeneCard databases. The compound-target network was constructed using Cytoseape_v3.7.1 software; based on the STRING database, a target interaction network for HQT for UC was constructed, and the core target of HQT for UC was selected based on topological parameters. GO (gene ontology) biological process enrichment analysis and KEGG (KEGG pathway analysis) pathway annotation analysis were performed on the disease and drug intersection targets using the R package clusterprofile version 3.12.0 in Bioconductor. The HQT compound-UC target network contains 128 compounds and corresponding targets 141. The core targets are AKTI, IL6, PTGS2, IL10, IL1β and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis yielded 151 GO terms, and KEGG pathway enrichment screening resulted in 33 associations with UC, mainly involving PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and so on. The synergetic effect of HQT with multi-components and multi-pathway was confirmed by network pharmacology, and the main possible mechanism of HQT in treating UC was predicted, which lay a foundation for the identification of effective components, the mechanism of action, and clinical application.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 80-83, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872860

ABSTRACT

Myocardial injury from coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a clinical sign after the novel coronavirus infection, which can be seen in common type and severe type in acute stage, or after recovery of COVID-19. From the mouth and nose, the epidemic and pathogenic factors enter the lung, involving the heart, so that Qi and blood are blocked and developed into myocardial injury. More than 100 patients with COVID-19 and rehabilitation were treated, and we found that some patients infected with novel coronavirus had palpitation, shortness of breath, chest pain, chest oppression, fatigue and other symptoms. Electrocardiogram(ECG) showed myocardial ischemia injury and increased myocardial enzymes, due to the pathological changes of warm pathogen, first invading the lung and reversely spreading to the heart. Myocardial injury due to infection of novel coronavirus, on the one hand, made the patients weak and conditions lingering and hard to heal after COVID-19 was recovered in discharged patients. On the other hand, myocardial injury in severe cases could easily aggravate the disease and even threaten life. According to the different stages of the disease, the severity of the disease, and the patients' physique in the recovery period, different treatment methods were adopted. For the myocardial injury in patients with acute severe COVID-19, Shengmaiyin and Emergency Huiyangtang can be taken, if the poisonous heat disturbs the mind, we can use Angong Niuhuangwan and Zhibaodan as appropriate. For myocardial injury occurred in common type of COVID-19, Zhuye Shigaotang and Shenxiantang can be used. For the pathological changes mainly including myocardial injury after clinical recovery of COVID-19, we can use Shengxiantang, Yangxintang, Chaixiantang and so on. Methods of detoxification, tonifying Qi and Yin, invigorating Qi and ascending Qi collapse, blood circulation and phlegm resolving were used for treatment of myocardial injury from COVID-19, which can not only effectively improve clinical symptoms, but also restore creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB(CPK-MB) and ECG levels to obtain satisfactory results. All of these could reflect that TCM has a notable advantage in the prevention and treatment of this disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-8, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872817

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study was designed to compare inflammatory response, water carriage and gut brain axis in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) after treatment of three regiments, Huangqintang (HQT), Sishenwan (SSW), and Tongxie Yaofang(TXYF). Method:After approved by Institute of Chinese Materia Medica Ethics Committees in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, UC in rats was induced by using a compound method (trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid plus ethanol). Rats were randomly divided into control, disease, positive control salazosulfapyridine (SASP, 0.5 g·kg-1), HQT (20 g·kg-1), SSW(26 g·kg-1), and TXYF group(22 g·kg-1). After 5 days of treatment, colonic tissues and the blood were taken for various assays. Damage of colonic tissues was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). The distribution of Vasoactine intrestinal (VIP), 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-HT), P-substance (SP) in the blood and serum were detected by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the levels of aquaporin3 (AQP3) and Aquaporin4 (AQP4) in the serum were detected by Western blot, the mRNA expression of Extracellular regulated protein kinases 1 (Erk1) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) in the serum were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:The brain-gut peptide results showed that compared with the normal group, the content of 5-HT and VIP in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the content of SP were decreased, but there was no significant statistical difference, compared with the disease group, the content of 5-HT in SASP and TXYF group were clearly increased (P<0.05), the increment of VIP and SP in SASP, HQT, TXYF group were significant (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the content of AQP3 in model group were significantly increased(P<0.01), the content of AQP4 were clearly decreased(P<0.01), compared with the disease group, the content of AQP4 in SASP and HQT group were clearly increased (P<0.05), whereas the levels of AQP3 in HQT group were most significant reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the disease group, the expression of Erk1 and p38 were clearly reduced (P<0.01), with the most significant reduce being the expression in HQT group. Conclusion:Three regiments all have therapeutic effects on UC, manifested by improvements of the signs and mental status of UC rats. However, in terms of gut-brain axis disturbance improvement, the therapeutic effect of TXYF was superior than HQT and SSW, whereas in terms of inflammatory response suppression and water carriage accomodation, the therapeutic effect of HQT was superior than SSW and TXYF.

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