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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 460-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922922

ABSTRACT

Based on the similar structure of adrenaline shared by higenamine (HI), salsolinol (SA) and coryneine (CO), a photochemical colorimetric sensor based on the displacement reaction of o-diphenol hydroxyl group and alizarin red S-phenylboric acid system was constructed to quickly distinguish and identify the cardiac strength of Shengfupian. The results show that the optimal condition of the sensor is: the molar ratio of alizarin red S (ARS) to phenylboric acid (PA) is 1∶3, reaction temperature is 0 ℃; The preparation method of the sample solution is optimized as follows: 2.5 g of Shengfupian powder was taken, 10 times the amount of methanol was added, and 300 W, 40 kHz ultrasound was carried out for 15 min; methodological studies showed that the method had good precision, repeatability and stability. The |△G| value (G is green, |△G| = |G after - G before|) of each sample was obtained by response values determination of 14 batches of Shengfupian. LC-MS/MS was used to determine the contents of three cardiac components in Shengfupian. It was found that the order of the total contents of cardiotonic components was basically consistent with |△G|. Then the correlation was analyzed, and the correlation coefficient R2 was as high as 0.87, which proved the scientificity and accuracy of this method. This study fills the methodological gap of rapid evaluation of the quality of Shengfupian, and provides the key technical support for the high quality and good price of Shengfupian in the market circulation and clinical application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in December 2019, the search for a potential treatment for COVID-19 has been a constant focus. Therefore, we identified potential treatments for COVID-19 from Hippophae Fructus, a Tibetan medicine that may act on COVID-19, using a network pharmacology approach. METHODS We collected the chemical constituents and corresponding targets of Hippophae Fructus from traditional Chinese medicine system pharmacology (TCMSP). COVID-19 related genes were predicted in pubmed-Gene, OMIM and GeneCards databases. Then, protein-protein interactions (PPIs) of key genes were analyzed by STRING database. Compound-target-diseases network was constructed using Cytoscape software. The potential pathways were deter?mined by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses. Additionally, molecular docking was used to verify the binding effect between the active component and the target. RESULTS A total of 33 components and 192 corresponding targets in Hippophae Fructus were found. 50 genes were obtained from the intersection of component targets and disease targets. These genes include IL-6, TNF, MAPK8 and PTGS2, which regu?late several pathways associated with COVID-19, involving Hepatitis B, Influenza A, TNF signaling pathway and Tuber?culosis. More importantly, high-node compounds such as quercetin and beta-sitosterol can well bind to key targets. CONCLUSION Some components in Hippophae Fructus can act on COVID-19 related genes and regulate multiple pathways. Perhaps Hippophae Fructus has the effect in treating COVID-19.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE The specificity of drug therapy in individuals and races has promoted the development and improvement of pharmacogenomics and precision medicine. While there is a few cognition on the minorities in China, especially in Lisu nationality from the Yunnan province. Therefore, we performed the research to improve the role of pharmacogenomics in the Lisu population from the Yunnan province of China. METHODS 54 variants of very important pharmacogenes selected from the PharmGKB database were genotyped in 199 unrelated and healthy Lisu adults from the Yunnan province of China, and then, genotyping data wtihχ2 test were analyzed. RESULTS We compared our data with those of other 26 populations from the 1000 Genomes Project, and acquired that the Lisu ethnicity is similar with the CDX (Chinese Dai in Xishuangbanna, China) and CHS (Southern Han Chinese, China). Furthermore, rs776746 (CYP3A5), rs1805123 (KCNH2), rs4291 (ACE), rs1051298 (SLC19A1) and rs1065852 (CYP2D6) were deemed as the most varying loci. The MAF of"G"at rs1805123 (KCNH2) in the Lisu population was the largest with the value of 51.0%. CONCLUSION There are significant differences in single nucleotide polymorphism loci, supplementing the phar?macogenomic information of the Lisu population in Yunnan province, China, and can provide a theoretical basis for indi?vidualized medication in the future.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908968

ABSTRACT

Xi'an Jiaotong University has proposed the concept of "less teaching and more learning, interaction between guiding and learning" in medical education, based on its sedimentary deposits, and carried out reform for all clinical medical students since 2001. After more than ten years of educational reform, we have built brand new management framework, and established integrated organ system-based curriculum and PBL teaching pattern. This pattern involves eight aspects of comprehensive reform, including training program, curriculum model, textbook, teaching method, learning style, assessment and evaluation, teaching organization, teaching conditions and guarantee. It will provide paradigm for the integrated curriculum reform in peer colleges, and will be a milestone in the history of medical education in China.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908957

ABSTRACT

Teaching ward round is an important guarantee to improve the training quality. The purpose and content of anesthesiology teaching ward round are different from clinical surgical teaching ward round, and it has its own characteristics. According to the rule of perioperative medicine, we can complete the teaching ward round with small plate and multi-segment teaching mode on the clinical anesthesia management related issues of various surgical patients involved in anesthesia major or sub specialty. In this paper, the methods of anesthesiology teaching ward round, including the formulation of teaching plan, teacher arrangement, preparation before ward round, ward round process and teaching methods, quality control, and teaching experiences were briefly introduced.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906072

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is a common blinding eye disease characterized by progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons, gradual loss of visual field, and optic atrophy. The pathological changes of glaucoma are mainly the degeneration, atrophy, and loss of RGCs and their axons, which can eventually lead to the permanent impairment of visual function. The specific pathogenesis of glaucoma remains unclear. Autophagy is a process in which damaged, denatured, or senescent proteins and organelles are transported to lysosomes for digestion and degradation in order to continuously renew and rebuild cells for reuse. As revealed by clinical case analysis and animal experiments, Chinese patent medicine and some traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapies may be able to target the autophagy pathway. This paper expounded the role of autophagy in glaucoma-induced ocular hypertension and optic nerve injury from the aspects of stress response of ocular tissue to high intraocular pressure, trabecular meshwork dysfunction, immune regulation, and scar regulation as well as the regulatory effects of some Chinese medicinal ingredients on autophagy, aiming to explore the possibility of integrated TCM and western medicine in regulating autophagy and preventing glaucoma-induced optic nerve injury and early visual field loss. It was found that Chinese medicinal monomers or extracts function via multiple pathways and multiple targets, mainly involving two classical autophagy pathways, namely phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Moreover, the current studies on the neuroprotective effect of TCM mostly focus on the brain and spinal cord lesions of the central nervous system, and its protective mechanism against optic nerve injury in glaucoma still needs further investigation. In addition, autophagy was like a "double-edged sword" in different experimental animal models and methods. How to artificially intervene in autophagy to prevent the apoptosis of RGCs and protect the optic nerve injury is still an urgent problem to be solved in the future research.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905906

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the high-efficiency and high-quality seedling raising method of <italic>Codonopsis pilosula</italic>. Method:In the main production area of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> in the Tanchang county,Gansu province,after the soil was fumigated with dazomet (containing 98% methylisothiocyanate), four varieties of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings were raised. The dynamic change in growth and differences in quality and yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings after emergence were regularly determined. Result:① The soil enzyme activity was first inhibited and then restored by soil fumigation,which increased the root length of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings by 9.8%. Besides, the field growth indexes such as plant height,plant width,stem length,stem diameter,number of branches,number of nodes,number of leaves, and fitted leaf area increased in varying degrees,and the plant height showed an "S"-shaped growth trend. "Gandang No.1" and "Gandang No.2" grew better than "Weidang No.1" and "Tanchang control". ② Fumigation reduced the incidence rate of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> root in the field by 4.9%,and the incidence rates of "Gandang No.1" and "Gandang No.2" were significantly lower than those of "Weidang No.1" and "Tanchang control". ③ Fumigation increased the total number of <italic>C. pilosula </italic>seedlings by 6.15×10<sup>5</sup> plants·hm<sup>-2</sup>,of which the number of primary seedlings increased by 45.3% and that of secondary seedlings increased by 42.2%. ④ Fumigation increased the seedling yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> by 42.4%. It showed the most significant effect on the yield of "Gandang No.2",which increased by 61.8%, and the weakest effect on the yield of "Gandang No.1",which increased by 15.4%. ⑤ Comprehensive analysis showed that the quality and yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> seedlings in the fumigation area were better than those in the non-fumigation area. Conclusion:The results showed that soil fumigation showed a promoting effect on the seedling yield of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> in spite of different effects achieved in terms of different varieties.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between small-worldness of brain network and cognitive impairment in patients with white matter lesions (WMLs) based on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods:From January, 2016 to December, 2017, 46 WMLs patients and 36 controls matched genders, ages and education levels from Beijing Tiantan Hospital were screened with DTI. The patients were divided into vascular cognitive impairment non-dementia (VCIND) and vascular dementia (VaD) groups according to the results of cognitive assessments. The brain structure network was created based on DTI data, and the topological properties of the whole-brain small-world network were calculated, and the correlation between the small-worldness and the severity of cognitive impairment was analyzed. Results:The global efficiency, local efficiency, shortest path length and clustering coefficient were different between the patients and the controls (F > 3.252, P < 0.05), as well as the properties of the small-world network, λ, γ and σ (F > 7.378, P < 0.01). The λ, γ and σ were correlated with the total score of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (|r| > 0.402, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The brain structure network is small-world network for patients with WMLs, and the decrease of small-world properties may relate to the cognitive impairment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of traditional Chinese exercise Wuqinxi on balance, walking and quality of life for patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods:From December, 2018 to December, 2020, 62 inpatients with Parkinson's disease in the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Chinese Medicine were randomly divided into control group (n = 31) and observation group (n = 31). The control group received routine medicine and rehabilitation training, while the observation group received Wuqinxi in addition, for eight weeks. The trajectory length and ellipse area of the center of pressure in 30 seconds were measured with PRO-KIN before and after treatment, while they were assessed with Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT) and Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life Scale-39 (PDQ-39). Results:The trajectory length and ellipse area of the center of pressure, BBS score, TUGT time, and PDQ-39 score improved in both groups after treatment (t > 11.225, P < 0.001), and all improved more in the observation group than in the control group (t > 5.919, P < 0.001). Conclusions:Wuqinxi training is effective on balance, walking and quality of life for patients with Parkinson's disease.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904308

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients with Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) infection. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical information of HIV-negative patients with T. marneffei infection from January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2019, and analyzed the related risk factors of poor prognosis. RESULTS: Twenty-five cases aging 22 to 79 years were included. Manifestations of T. marneffei infection included fever, cough, dyspnea, chest pain or distress, lymphadenopathy, ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and/or skin lesions, bone or joint pain, edema and pain in the lower extremities, digestive symptoms, icterus, malaise, and hoarseness. Two cases had no comorbidity, while 23 cases suffered from autoimmune disease, pulmonary disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases. Sixteen cases had a medication history of glucocorticoids, chemotherapy or immunosuppressors. Pulmonary lesions included interstitial infiltration, nodules, atelectasis, cavitary lesions, pleural effusion or hydropneumothorax, bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary edema, and consolidation. The incidence of osteolytic lesions was 20%. Eight patients received antifungal monotherapy, and 11 patients received combined antifungal agents. Fifteen patients survived and ten patients were dead. The Cox regression analysis showed that reduced eosinophil counts, higher levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), myoglobin (Mb), procalcitonin (PCT), and galactomannan were related to poor prognosis (hazard ratio [HR]>1, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Bone destruction is common in HIV-negative patients with T. marneffei infection. Defective cell-mediated immunity, active infection, multiple system, and organ damage can be the risk factors of poor prognosis.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of glucose metabolism disorders on the short-term prognosis in neonates with asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the neonates with asphyxia who were admitted to 52 hospitals in Hubei Province of China from January to December, 2018 and had blood glucose data within 12 hours after birth. Their blood glucose data at 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after birth (with an allowable time error of 0.5 hour) were recorded. According to the presence or absence of brain injury and/or death during hospitalization, the neonates were divided into a poor prognosis group with 693 neonates and a good prognosis group with 779 neonates. The two groups were compared in the incidence of glucose metabolism disorders within 12 hours after birth and short-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group had a significantly higher proportion of neonates from secondary hospitals (48.5% vs 42.6%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrent hyperglycemia in neonates with asphyxia may suggest poor short-term prognosis, and it is necessary to strengthen the early monitoring and management of the nervous system in such neonates.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the underlying mechanism of Panax notoginseng saponin (PNS) on gastric epithelial cell injury and barrier dysfunction induced by dual antiplatelet (DA).@*METHODS@#Human gastric mucosal epithelial cell (GES-1) was cultured and divided into 4 groups: a control, a DA, a PNS+DA and a LY294002+PNS+DA group. GES-1 apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, cell permeability were detected using Transwell, level of prostaglandins E2 (PGE2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F1α (6-keto-PGF1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in supernatant were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), expression of phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), phosphorylated-PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) and Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA) were measured by Western-blot.@*RESULTS@#DA induced apoptosis and hyper-permeability in GES-1, reduced supernatant level of PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1α and VEGF (P<0.05). Addition of PNS reduced the apoptosis of GES-1 caused by DA, restored the concentration of PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1α and VEGF (P<0.05). In addition, PNS attenuated the alteration of COX-1 and COX-2 expression induced by DA, up-regulated p-PI3K/p-Akt, down-regulated RhoA and GSK-3β. LY294002 mitigated the effects of PNS on cell apoptosis, cell permeability, VEGF concentration, and expression of RhoA and GSK-3β significantly.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PNS attenuates the suppression on COX/PG pathway from DA, alleviates DA-induced GES-1 apoptosis and barrier dysfunction through PI3K/Akt/ VEGF-GSK-3β-RhoA network pathway.


Subject(s)
Cyclooxygenase 1 , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Saponins/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921796

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a major chronic disease threatening women's health. It has topped the global cancers as the diagnosed cases outnumbered lung cancer patients in 2020. Internal damage due to the seven emotions is an important cause of breast cancer and the disorders of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and endocrine system and the abnormal immune defense mechanism in response to psychological stress all affect the occurrence and development of breast cancer. It is noteworthy that the theory of seven emotions in traditional Chinese medicine and the psychological stress theory of modern medicine have something in common in some aspects. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between internal damage due to the seven emotions and psychological stress and analyzed the molecular biological mechanisms of psychological stress influencing breast cancer from the perspective of modern medicine, which is helpful to reasonably prevent breast cancer and other related tumors and improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients through emotion regulation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Emotions , Female , Humans , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress, Psychological
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921706

ABSTRACT

This study adopted headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(HS-GC-MS) and electronic nose to detect volatile components from Myristicae Semen samples with varying degrees of mildew, aiming at rapidly identifying odor changes and substance basis of Myristicae Semen mildew. The experimental data were analyzed by electronic nose and principal component analysis(PCA). The results showed that Myristicae Semen samples were divided into the following three categories by electronic nose and PCA: mildew-free samples, slightly mildewy samples, and mildewy samples. Myristicae Semen samples with different degrees of mildew greatly varied in volatile components. The volatile components in the samples were qualitatively and quantitatively detected by HS-GC-MS, and 59 compounds were obtained. There were significant differences in the composition and content in Myristicae Semen samples with different degrees of mildew. The PCA results were the same as those by electronic nose. Among them, 3-crene, D-limonene, and other terpenes were important indicators for the identification of mildew. Bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane, 4-methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-, terpinen-4-ol, and other alcohols were key substances to distinguish the degree of mildew. In the later stage of mildew, Myristicae Semen produced a small amount of hydroxyl and aldehyde compounds such as acetaldehyde, 2-methyl-propionaldehyde, 2-methyl-butyraldehyde, and formic acid, which were deduced as the material basis of the mildew. The results are expected to provide a basis for the rapid identification of Myristicae Semen with different degrees of mildew, odor changes, and the substance basis of mildew.


Subject(s)
Electronic Nose , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Odorants/analysis , Semen/chemistry , Solid Phase Microextraction , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921649

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the effect of Guanxin Zhitong Capsules(GXZT) on the lipotoxicity of vascular endothelial cells and investigated the mechanism of GXZT in atherosclerosis treatment. The lipotoxicity model in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs) was induced by palmitic acid(PA) stimulation. These cells were divided into a normal control group(NC, 15% normal serum), a model group(PA, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% normal serum), a high-dose GXZT group(GXZT-H, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+15% GXZT-medicated serum), a medium-dose GXZT group(GXZT-M, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+10% GXZT-medicated serum+5% normal serum) and a low-dose GXZT group(GXZT-L, 0.6 mmol·L~(-1) PA+5% GXZT-medicated serum+10% normal serum). HUVECs were detected for cell viability by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential(MMP) by JC-1 labeled laser scanning confocal microscopy, and total and phosphorylated proteins of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2 in the mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPK) signaling pathway by Western blot. The phosphorylated level was calcula-ted. Compared with the NC group, the PA group showed decreased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01), elevated apoptosis(P<0.01), and up-regulated phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2, and JNK1/2(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). Compared with the PA group, the GXZT-H, GXZT-M, and GXZT-L groups showed increased cell viability and MMP(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01), reduced apoptosis(P<0.01), and down-regulated protein expression and phosphorylated levels of p38, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 in the MAPK signaling pathway(P<0.01, P<0.01, P<0.01). In conclusion, the results suggest that GXZT functions via blocking MAPK signaling pathway to relieve the damage of HUVECs induced by PA.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Capsules , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Palmitic Acid/toxicity , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921547

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GISTs)in the stomach,duodenum,and rectum have low occurrence,and the coexistence GISTs in three parts with neurofibromatosis type Ⅰ(NF-Ⅰ)is even rare.This paper reports a case of GISTs with a family history of NF-Ⅰ.There were multiple nodular masses of different sizes on the patient's face,trunk,and limbs.The patient was admitted due to chest tightness for 5 days and black stools for 1 day.Enhanced CT examination of the abdomen suggested multiple space-occupying lesions in the upper abdomen with multiple small nodules under the abdominal wall,and neurofibromatosis and intestinal stromal tumor cannot be excluded.Finally,surgical pathology confirmed that the multiple tumors in the abdominal cavity were GISTs.The case was confirmed as wild-type GISTs by genetic testing,and the patient recovered well nearly one year after the operation.


Subject(s)
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/genetics , Humans , Neurofibromatosis 1/genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) positive neurons in parabrachial nucleus and development of fear memory in mice.Methods:Eighteen healthy male ChAT-ires-cre mice, aged 8-9 weeks, weighing 22-25 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: Cre-dependent AAV-DIO-hM 3Dq-mcherry (Gq) virus/clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) group (group Gq/CNO), Gq/normal saline (NS) group (group Gq/NS) and Cre-dependent AAV-DIO-mcherry (mc) virus/CNO group (group mc/CNO). Gq virus was injected into parabrachial nucleus, and CNO 2 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally 3 weeks later in group Gq/CNO.Gq virus was injected into parabrachial nucleus, and the equal volume of normal saline was injected intraperitoneally 3 weeks later in group Gq/NS.In group mc/CNO, mc virus was injected into parabrachial nucleus, and CNO 2 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally 3 weeks later.The fear conditioning test was performed at 30 min after intraperitoneal injection in all the 3 groups.The brains were then removed and sliced.The virus expression and areas of the brain projected by ChAT positive neurons were observed. Results:Compared with group Gq/CNO, the percentage of freezing time was significantly increased during testing phase in Gq/NS and mc/CNO groups ( P<0.05). Gq/mc virus carrying fluorescent protein mcherry was expressed in parabrachial nucleus and was co-expressed with mcherry-ChAT.The fibers of ChAT positive neurons projected to the red nucleus, substantia nigra, central amygdala, anterodorsal thalamic nucleus and bed nucleus of stria terminalis. Conclusion:The ChAT positive neurons in parabrachial nucleus are involved in the regulation of the development of fear memory in mice, which can impair fear memory, and the regulation is carried out probably through central amygdala.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887888

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current situation and predict the trends in number and composition of prenatal ultrasound screening staff in Beijing. Methods We analyzed the region,age,professional title and other characteristics of prenatal ultrasound screening personnel in Beijing during 2007-2015.We then built an ARIMA model basing on the current situation to predict the number and composition of the staff in 2016-2020. Results The number of prenatal ultrasound screening staff showed an upward trend in 2007-2020 and was predicted to reach 1269 in 2020.During this period,the educational achievement and professional title of the staff showed a downward trend,and the working years became shorter,mainly below 5 years.The proportion of resident doctors remained at 26.6%,and that of the staff receiving further education would reach 43.2% by the end of 2020. Conclusion The prediction under ARIMA model suggests that efforts should be made to strengthen the training of young doctors and provide them opportunities for further study.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Female , Humans , Models, Statistical , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1610-1615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a series of severe complications in the perioperative and anesthetic periods with a decline in memory, execution ability, and information processing speed as the primary clinical manifestation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of edaravone (EDA) on PND and peripheral blood C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in elderly patients with hip replacement.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University (from March 2016 to March 2018) were randomly and double-blindly categorized into an EDA group and a control group (CON). Group EDA was administered intravenously EDA 30 min before surgery, and group CON was administered intravenously saline. The cognitive function of the two groups was evaluated 1-day before the operation and at 1 and 12 months after surgery, and the incidence of post-operative delirium was tested on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery using the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method. Serum CXCL13 and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were measured before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. The continuous variables in accordance with normal distribution were tested using the Student's t test, the continuous variables without normal distribution using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables by the χ2 test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of post-operative delirium within 7 days after surgery was significantly higher in group CON than that in group EDA (31.3% vs. 15.0%, t = -5.6, P < 0.001). The modified telephone interview for cognitive status and activities of daily life scores were significantly higher in the group EDA than those in the group CON at 1 month (39.63 ± 4.35 vs. 33.63 ± 5.81, t = -2.13, P < 0.05 and 74.3 ± 12.6 vs. 61.2 ± 13.1, t = -1.69, P < 0.05) and 12 months (40.13 ± 5.93 vs. 34.13 ± 5.36, t = -3.37, P < 0.05 and 79.6 ± 11.7 vs. 65.6 ± 16.6, t = -2.08, P < 0.05) after surgery; and the incidence of neurocognitive dysfunction was significantly lower in the group EDA than that in the group CON (P < 0.05). Serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were significantly lower in the group EDA than those in the group CON during and after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EDA can significantly reduce the serum concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 and improve the PND of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Chemokines, CXC/drug effects , Delirium , Double-Blind Method , Edaravone , Humans , Ligands , Postoperative Complications
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887487

ABSTRACT

On the base of the analysis on the original text in


Subject(s)
Animals , Face , Female , Head , Meridians , Rats , Spine , Torso
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