Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 914
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920823

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the association between pressure-controlled ventilation-volume guaranteed (PCV-VG) mode and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) mode on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection. Methods     A retrospective cohort analysis of 329 patients undergoing elective thoracoscopic lung resection in West China Hospital of Sichuan University between September 2020 and March 2021 was conducted, including 213 females and 116 males, aged 53.6±11.3 years. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade wasⅠ-Ⅲ. The patients who received lung-protective ventilation strategy during anesthesia were divided into a PCV-VG group (n=165) and a VCV group (n=164) according to intraoperative ventilation mode. Primary outcome was the incidence of PPCs during hospitalization. Results     A total of 73 (22.2%) patients developed PPCs during hospitalization. The PPCs incidence of PCV-VG and VCV was 21.8% and 22.6%, respectively (RR=0.985, 95%CI 0.569-1.611, P=0.871). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in the incidence of PPCs between PCV-VG and VCV mode during hospitalization (OR=0.846, 95%CI 0.487-1.470, P=0.553). Conclusion     Among patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection, intraoperative ventilation mode (PCV-VG or VCV) is not associated with the risk of PPCs during hospitalization.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920660

ABSTRACT

@#Perinatal depression, one of the most common complications in the perinatal period, has a significant impact on the physical and mental health of mothers and children.At present, it is difficult to diagnose perinatal depression at an early stage, so objective and effective biomarkers are of great significance for the early detection and treatment of perinatal depression. In recent years, the exploration of biomarkers for early diagnosis of perinatal depression has become a hot research topic, mainly in sex hormones, neuroendocrine-related hormones, immuno-inflammatory molecules, genetics, and epigenetics.This article reviews the research progress of the biomarkers of perinatal depression in recent years.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921724

ABSTRACT

To learn the current situation and strengthen the management of national standards for Chinese medicinal materials, we sorted out the relevant national standards. According to incomplete statistics, there are 1 185 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials, including 1 024 kinds of plant medicines, 106 kinds of animal medicines, and 54 kinds of mineral medicines, in addition to ethnic medicinal materials with different functions. The relevant standards include 819 Pharmacopoeia standards, 342 standards issued by the Ministry of Health or National Medicinal Products Administration, 7 standards for new medicinal materials, and 17 standards for imported medicinal materials. In this paper, the sources of standards as well as the distribution of families and genera and the distribution of medicinal parts of medicinal materials are analyzed. The suggestions are as follows:(1)to improve the coordination among different national standards of Chinese medicinal materials;(2)to improve the standardization and controllability of relevant standards;(3)to revise the issued standards for Chinese medicinal materials(including Tibetan, Uygur, and Mongolian medicinal materials).


Subject(s)
Animals , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Reference Standards
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921643

ABSTRACT

Chronic unpredicted mild stress(CUMS) combined with isolated feeding was used to induce depressed rat model. The anti-depressant effects of Zhizichi Decoction(ZZCD) and its solid fermented product(ZZC) were analyzed by behavioral test and comparison of pathological tissues of hippocampus and liver, metabolic characteristics of intestinal flora, and relative abundance of species. The results showed that ZZC could increase sucrose preference, shorten the immobility time in the forced swim test and tail suspension test(P<0.05), and repair damaged hippocampus and liver tissues, and the effect was superior to that of ZZCD. The results of Biolog ECO plates showed that the average well color development(AWCD) of intestinal flora in the model group significantly decreased and the metabolic levels of sugar and amino acids were reduced, while the AWCD of the treatment groups increased. The metabolic levels of the two carbon sources were improved in the ZZC group, while only sugar metabolic level was elevated in the ZZCD group. Metagenomic analysis of intestinal flora showed that the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes was 3.87 in the control group, 21.77 in the model group, 5.91 in the ZZC group, and 18.48 in the ZZCD group. Lactobacillus increased by 3.28 times, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes decreased by 75.59% and 76.39%, respectively in the model group as compared with that in the control group. Lactobacillus decreased by 31.13%, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes increased by more than three times in the ZZC group as compared with that in the model group, while the corresponding changes in the ZZCD group were not significant. ZZC could improve depression-like beha-viors by regulating the structure of intestinal flora and metabolic functions and repairing damaged hippocampus and liver tissues in depressed rats, showing an anti-depressant effect superior to that of ZZCD. This study is expected to provide a basis for the development of new anti-depressant food products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Fermentation , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hippocampus , Rats , Stress, Psychological
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development of clinical practice of intraoperative ventilation management of the adult patients undergoing non-cardiothoracic surgery using surveys and questionnaires.Methods:From December 2020 to January 2021, an electronic questionnaire was sent to the anesthesiologists in twenty-nine tertiary general hospitals in Sichuan province.Results:A total of 1 264 valid questionnaires were received with a response rate of 78.50%.The proportion of anesthesiologists who utilized low tidal volume (V T) during surgery was 90.43%.The proportion of anesthesiologists who utilized positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during surgery was 70.73%, and the level of PEEP was controlled at 1-5 cmH 2O by most of the anesthesiologists (77.4% in laparoscopic surgery and 88.4% in non-cardiothoracic surgery). The proportion of anesthesiologists who performed alveolar recruitment maneuvers (ARM) was 82.28%.The proportion of anesthesiologists who used a combination of low V T, PEEP and ARM was 37.03%.The proportion of anesthesiologists who considered "low V T, appropriate use of PEEP or ARM" as "intraoperative lung-protective ventilation (LPV) strategy" was 98.10%.However, the other ventilation settings such as the fraction of inspired oxygen, respiratory rate and ventilation mode varied among anesthesiologists in clinical practice. Conclusion:LPV strategy recognized by anesthesiologists in the large-scale tertiary general hospitals in Sichuan province includes low V T, PEEP and ARM, however, there is a gap between clinical practice and theoretical cognition.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879010

ABSTRACT

The identification of species primordium has been one of the hot issues in the identification of traditional Chinese medicine. Sea snake is one of the most valuable Chinese medicinal materials in China. In order to understand the origin and varieties of sea snake in the market, we studied the molecular identification of 46 sea snakes by cytochrome B(Cytb). After comparison and manual correction, the sequence length was 582 bp, and the content of A+T(58.9%) was higher than that of G+C(41.1%). There exist 197 variable sites and 179 parsimony-informative sites of the sequence. There are 44 kinds of sequence alignment with consistency equal to 100%, and 2 kinds equal to 96%. A total of 408 Cytb effective sequences were downloaded from GenBank database, with a total of 68 species. Phylogenetic tree of a total of 454 sea snake sequences with the samples in this study were constructed by neighbor-joining trees and Bayesian inference method, respectively, which can identify 42 samples of medicinal materials, while 4 samples can not be identified because of their low node support. The results showed that the species of the sea snake medicine were at least from 2 genera and 5 species, namely, Aipysurus eydouxii, Hydrophis curtus, H. caerulescen, H. curtus, H. ornatus and H. spiralis. This study suggested that the original species of commercial sea snake are very complex and can provide insight into the identification of sea snakes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bayes Theorem , China , Cytochromes b/genetics , Elapidae , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phylogeny
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effects of silencing isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransfe-rase (Icmt) through small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Three siRNA were designed and constructed for the Icmt gene sequence and were then transfected into TSCC cells CAL-27 and SCC-4 to silence Icmt expression. The tested cells were divided as follows: RNA interference groups Icmt-siRNA-1, Icmt-siRNA-2, and Icmt-siRNA-3, negative control group, and blank control group. The transfection efficiency of siRNA was detected by the fluorescent group Cy3-labeled siRNA, and the expression of Icmt mRNA was screened by quantitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) selected the experimental group for subsequent experiments. The expression of Icmt, RhoA, Cyclin D1, p21, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were analyzed by Western blot. The proliferation abilities of TSCC cells were determined by cell counting kit-8 assay. The change in apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-APC/propidium staining (PI) assay. Cell-cycle analysis was conducted by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Icmt mRNA and protein in TSCC cells significantly decreased after Icmt-siRNA transfection (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing Icmt can effectively downregulate its expression in TSCC cells, reduce the RhoA membrane targeting localization and cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis. Thus, Icmt may be a potential gene therapy target for TSCC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878324

ABSTRACT

Pneumoconiosis, an interstitial lung disease that occurs from breathing in certain kinds of damaging dust particles, is a major occupational disease in China. Patients diagnosed with occupational pneumoconiosis can avail of free medical treatment, whereas patients without a diagnosis of occupational diseases cannot not claim free medical treatment in most provinces from the government before 2019. This study aimed to analyze the priority of medical facility selection and its influencing factors among patients with pneumoconiosis. A total of 1,037 patients with pneumoconiosis from nine provinces in China were investigated. The health service institutions most frequently selected by the patients were county-level hospitals (37.5%). The main reason for the choice was these hospitals' close distance to the patients' homes (47.3%). The factors for the choice of health care institutions were living in the eastern region (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Pneumoconiosis/therapy , Rural Population , Silicosis , Smoking
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical curative effect on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and explore the relevant mechanism of acupuncture in treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 100 ADHD children were randomized into an observation group (50 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (50 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the control group, the routine psychological intervention was used. In the observation group, on the base of the treatment as the control group, acupuncture was applied to Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), etc., once daily, for 3 months. The Cambridge neuropsychological tests automated battery (CANTAB) was adopted to evaluate attention and response inhibition in two groups before and after treatment. Digi-Lite color transcranial Doppler was used to measure cerebral arterial blood velocity. The therapeutic effect was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Regarding evaluation of attention, the mean delay time in the observation group after treatment was shorter than that before treatment and that in the control group separately (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with psychological intervention may improve attention and response inhibition in ADHD children, which is possibly related to the regulation of cerebral blood flow.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/therapy , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Child , Humans , Psychosocial Intervention
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876078

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To determine the predictive value of the preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) regarding the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after non-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) cardiac surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 584 patients who underwent elective non-CABG cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in our hospital from May to September 2019 were reviewed. There were 268 (45.9%) males and 316 (54.1%) females, with a mean age of 52.1±11.6 years. The mean cardiopulmonary time and aortic-clamp time was 124.8±50.1 min and 86.4±38.9 min, respectively. Totally 449 (76.9%) patients received isolate valve surgery. We developed the risk prediction model of AKI using multivariable logistic regression. The predictive values of preoperative PNI, Cleveland Clinic Score (CCS) and risk prediction model were estimated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test. The improvement of preoperative PNI to predictive values of CCS or AKI risk prediction models were defined by the net reclassification index (NRI) and variation of AUC. Results    The preoperative PNI could neither effectively predict the occurrence of AKI following non-CABG cardiac surgery (AUC=0.553, 95%CI 0.489-0.617, P=0.095) nor improve the predictive effect of other AKI predictive models. The risk prediction model of AKI structured by our study had high predictive value on AKI or severe AKI (stage 2-3) (AUC=0.741, 95%CI 0.686-0.796, P<0.001) and superior to CCS (AUC=0.512, 95%CI 0.449-0.576, P=0.703). Conclusion    The preoperative PNI can neither predict the occurrence of AKI following elective non-CABG cardiac  surgery nor improve the prediction values of other AKI prediction models.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare and analyze the consistency and difference between metageno-mic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) and conventional bacterial culture in the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in maxillofacial space infection, as well as to provide a new detection method for the early clinical identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with oral and maxillofacial space infections in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March 2020 to June 2020 were collected. mNGS and conventional bacterial culture methods were used to detect pus. We then analyzed and compared the test results of the two methods, including the test cycle, positive detection rate, anaerobic bacteria, facultative anaerobes and aerobic bacteria detection rates, distribution of pathogenic bacteria, relative species abundance, and resistance genes.@*RESULTS@#The average inspection period of mNGS was (18.81±3.73) h, and the average inspection period of bacterial culture was (83.25±11.64) h, the former was shorter than the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with conventional bacterial culture, mNGS has the characteristics of short test time, high sensitivity, and high accuracy. Thus, it is a new detection method for the early identification of pathogenic bacteria in maxillofacial space infection and is beneficial to the early clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Metagenomics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Technology
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1669-1680, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasingly used in advanced gastric cancer, but the effects on safety and survival are still controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the overall survival and short-term surgical outcomes between neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (NACS) and surgery alone (SA) for locally advanced gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) were explored for relative studies from January 2000 to January 2021. The quality of randomized controlled trials and cohort studies was evaluated using the modified Jadad scoring system and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, respectively. The Review Manager software (version 5.3) was used to perform this meta-analysis. The overall survival was evaluated as the primary outcome, while perioperative indicators and post-operative complications were evaluated as the secondary outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Twenty studies, including 1420 NACS cases and 1942 SA cases, were enrolled. The results showed that there were no significant differences in overall survival (P = 0.240), harvested lymph nodes (P = 0.200), total complications (P = 0.080), and 30-day post-operative mortality (P = 0.490) between the NACS and SA groups. However, the NACS group was associated with a longer operation time (P < 0.0001), a higher R0 resection rate (P = 0.003), less reoperation (P = 0.030), and less anastomotic leakage (P = 0.007) compared with SA group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with SA, NACS was considered safe and feasible for improved R0 resection rate as well as decreased reoperation and anastomotic leakage. While unbenefited overall survival indicated a less important effect of NACS on long-term oncological outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885972

ABSTRACT

Grid management plays an important role in improving the efficiency of social service management. The authors explored the establishment of a nosocomial infection grid management model and implemented it at a tertiary general hospital in Shanghai. χ2 test results showed that since the hospital fully implemented the grid management model in early 2016, the number of hospital infections, surgical site infections, type I surgical incision infections, and ventilator-related pneumonia had shown a downward trend year by year. The number of inspections before the use of antibacterial drugs, the number of blood cultures submitted for fever patients, and the timing of hand hygiene compliance showed an increasing trend year by year( P<0.05), and the management of nosocomial infection was more effective than the previous period. The application of grid management model required establishment of grid organization structure, control of key links, implementation of the special personnel responsibility, formulation of a performance evaluation system, and implementation of incentive measures. The grid management model can significantly reduce the risk of hospital infection, improve the efficiency of hospital infection management, and was valuable to be applicated and promoted in medical institutions.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 568-572, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of huaier granule combined with docetaxel + epirubicin + cyclophosphamide (TEC) neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the disease control rate and the levels of extracellular fragment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2-ECD) and tumor abnormal protein (TAP) in patients with advanced breast cancer.Methods:From April 2013 to June 2016, 94 patients with advanced breast cancer in Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University were selected and randomly divided into observation group ( n=47) and control group ( n=47). The control group was treated with TEC neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and the observation group was treated with TEC neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with huaier granules for 12 weeks. The curative effect, incidence of adverse reactions, cellular immune function indexes (CD8 + , CD4 + , CD4 + /CD8 + ), serum HER2-ECD and TAP levels were compared before and 12 weeks after treatment. The patients were followed up for 3 years after treatment, and the 1-year, 2-year and 3-year survival rates were compared between the two groups. Results:After 12 weeks of treatment, the disease control rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); during the treatment, the incidence of gastrointestinal reaction, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and abnormal liver function of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); after 12 weeks of treatment, the serum CD8 + level of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, and the serum CD4 + , CD4 + /CD8 + level was higher than that of the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); after 12 weeks of treatment, the serum levels of HER2-ECD and TAP in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05); the 3-year survival rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Huaier granules combined with TEC neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced breast cancer can reduce serum HER2-ECD, TAP levels, which can enhance the immune function of the body, reduce the toxic and side effects, improve the long-term survival rate, and have a significant effect.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1712-1718, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881565

ABSTRACT

Methotrexate (MTX) injection has a short half-life and significant toxic side effects. In order to overcome the demerits of MTX injection, MTX@COF was prepared for subcutaneous injection by loading MTX in crosslinked cyclodextrin metal-organic framework (COF) in this study. The cationic lipid material (2, 3-dioleoyl-propyl)-trimethylamine (DOTAP) was then coated on the MTX@COF surface by solvent evaporation. Different surface charge characteristics were observed in the coated MTX@COF@DOTAP with no significant change in particle morphology. The in vitro release behaviors of sustained-release particles were investigated in water and phosphate buffer (pH 7.4), and the in vivo release characteristics were evaluated for pharmacokinetics in rats. The in vitro release results showed that the cumulative release of MTX, MTX@COF and MTX@COF@DOTAP within 6 h was 92.70%, 36.31% and 18.19% in water, respectively; the cumulative release of MTX, MTX@COF and MTX@COF@DOTAP within 4 h was 90.82%, 79.37% and 58.30% in phosphate buffer, respectively; the results showed that MTX@COF can significantly delay the release of MTX, the modification to MTX@COF by DOTAP can further delay the release of MTX. Pharmacokinetic studies in rats showed that the mean retention time [MRT(0-t)] and the time to peak (Tmax) of the subcutaneous injection of MTX@COF@DOTAP group were significantly prolonged compared with the MTX@COF group and the MTX group. The area under the concentration-time curve [AUC(0-t)] of the MTX@COF@DOTAP subcutaneous injection group was 1.8 times high as that of the MTX group. In this study, MTX@COF@DOTAP particles had a certain sustained-release effect, and could prolong the bioavailability of MTX by subcutaneous injection, which provided a new idea for the development of new MTX dosage forms.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881240

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effect of driving pressure-guided lung protective ventilation strategy on lung function in adult patients under elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods    In this randomized controlled trial, 106 patients scheduled for elective valve surgery via median sternal incision under cardiopulmonary bypass from July to October 2020 at West China Hospital of Sichuan University were included in final analysis. Patients were divided into two groups randomly. Both groups received volume-controlled ventilation. A protective ventilation group (a control group, n=53) underwent traditional lung protective ventilation strategy with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 5 cm H2O and received conventional protective ventilation with tidal volume of 7 mL/kg of predicted body weight and PEEP of 5 cm H2O, and recruitment maneuver. An individualized PEEP group (a driving pressure group, n=53) received the same tidal volume and recruitment, but with individualized PEEP which produced the lowest driving pressure. The primary outcome was oxygen index (OI) after ICU admission in 30 minutes, and the secondary outcomes were the incidence of OI below 300 mm Hg, the severity of OI descending scale (the Berlin definition), the incidence of pulmonary complications at 7 days after surgery and surgeons’ satisfaction on ventilation. Results    There was a statistical difference in OI after ICU admission in 30 minutes between the two groups (273.5±75.5 mm Hg vs. 358.0±65.3 mm Hg, P=0.00). The driving pressure group had lower incidence of postoperative OI<300 mm Hg (16.9% vs. 49.0%, OR=0.21, 95%CI 0.08-0.52, P=0.00) and less severity of OI classification than the control group (P=0.00). The incidence of pulmonary complications at 7 days after surgery was comparable between the driving pressure group and the control group (28.3% vs. 33.9%, OR=0.76, 95%CI 0.33-1.75, P=0.48). The atelectasis rate was lower in the driving pressure group (1.0% vs. 15.0%, OR=0.10, 95%CI 0.01-0.89, P=0.01). Conclusion    Application of driving pressure-guided ventilation is associated with a higher OI and less lung injury after ICU admission compared with the conventional protective ventilation in patients having valve surgery.

20.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL