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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the use of blood products in patients at different ages.@*METHODS@#The clinical datas of the 10 784 patients transfused in Sichuan provincial people's hospital at 2017-2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and the basic condition of clinical blood using was statistically described. The patients were divided into the groups according to age and disease, then the use of various blood products in the patients with different diseases in different age groups was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The age of blood transfusion patients was mainly 40-80 years old, and the most common disease was tumor(about 28%). The average annual transfusion volumes of red blood cells(RBC) were 24 936.5 U, of platelets(PLT) were 3 795 therapeutic doses of plasma were 2 455 500 ml, of cryoprecipitate were 3 461.5 U in our hospital. Most patients with hematologic malignancies and liver cirrhosis were transfused with two or more blood productions. For the patients with hematologic malignancies, the irradiated RBC (76.4%), PLT (67.8%), and suspended RBC (59.9%) were commonly used. And for liver cirrhosis patients, the suspended RBC (64.2%) and fresh frozen plasma(FFP) (59.4%) were commonly used. For the patients with trauma and chronic kidney disease(CKD), the suspended RBC (95.7% and 91.5%, respectively) was commonly used. In hematologic malignancies patients, the transfusion volume of irradiated RBC, PLT and FFP in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05); in trauma patients, the transfusion volume of suspended RBC in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05). In hematologic malignancies, trauma and liver cirrhosis patients, the proportion of PLT and/or plasma transfusion in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05), and the elderly patients were more likely to receive RBC transfusion only.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a difference in the distribution of blood product between the patients aged<60 years old and ≥60 years old in the same disease, and it is more likely that the elderly patients (aged ≥60 years old) receive RBC transfusion only, and correction of hypoxia is a major clinical consideration, so blood using plans should be made according to the patient population, moreover, the different transfusion strategies should be developed for different population to maximize the efficiency of blood using.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Component Transfusion , Blood Transfusion , Hospitals , Humans , Middle Aged , Plasma , Retrospective Studies
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 273-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879763

ABSTRACT

Postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction (pPED) remains a current problem despite improvements in surgical techniques. Vacuum therapy is clinically confirmed as a type of pPED rehabilitation. However, its underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Recently, autophagy and apoptosis were extensively studied in erectile dysfunction resulting from diabetes, senescence, and androgen deprivation but not in the context of pPED and vacuum therapy. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the roles of autophagy and apoptosis in pPED and vacuum therapy. Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) group, and BCNC + vacuum group. After 4 weeks of treatment, intracavernosal pressure was used to evaluate erectile function. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the molecular expression. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling staining was used to assess apoptosis. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes. After treatment, compared with those of the BCNC group, erectile function and cavernosal hypoxia had statistically significantly improved (P < 0.05). Apoptosis and the relative protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X and cleaved Caspase3 were decreased (P < 0.05). Autophagy-related molecules such as phosphorylated unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase 1 (Ser757) and p62 were decreased. Beclin1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 A/B, and autophagosomes were increased (P < 0.05). Besides, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway, as a negative regulator of autophagy to some degree, was inhibited. This study revealed that vacuum therapy ameliorated pPED in BCNC rats by inhibiting apoptosis and activating autophagy.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 215-221, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879712

ABSTRACT

Penile length shortening and erectile dysfunction are common complications after radical prostatectomy. Various methods have been used to maintain erectile function, but less attention has been paid to preserving penis length. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has the effect of antioxidation and antifibrotic, which may be beneficial to improve those postoperative complications. This study investigated the effect of NAC on maintaining the penile length and the erectile function after bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and its underlying mechanism. Twenty-four male rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, BCNC group, and BCNC + NAC group. NAC or equal volume of saline was daily administrated by intragastric gavage for 4 weeks. The initial and end penile lengths were measured. Intracavernosal pressure/mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP) ratio was calculated to assess erectile function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot were performed to explore cellular and molecular changes of the penis. Compared to the BCNC group, the penile length, ICP/MAP ratio and smooth muscle/collagen ratio in the BCNC + NAC group were improved significantly (all P < 0.05), and the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, α-smooth muscle actin, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase 1 were significantly increased after NAC treated (all P < 0.05), along with the decreased expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, transforming growth factor-β1, collagen I, collagen III, collagen IV, malonaldehyde, and lysine oxidase (all P < 0.05). This study demonstrated that NAC could maintain penile length and partly improve erectile function. Possible mechanism is directly and/or indirectly related to antihypoxic and antifibrosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current status of smoking attempt among adolescents in Jiading District of Shanghai and to explore the influencing factors so as to provide suggestions for further intervention and control of tobacco smoking among adolescents. Methods:A total of 3 745 students from grade one to grade three from seven junior high school in Jiading District, Shanghai, were selected to participate in the survey by stratified cluster random sampling method. Anonymous internet questionnaire survey was conducted and the survey data, including main demographic information and smoking attempt, was analyzed by binary logistic regression test. Smoking attempt was defined as the teenagers had smoked at least one puff prior to the time of questionnaire survey. Results:A total of 3 630 valid questionnaires were collected and the rate was 96.9%(3 630/3 745). Overall 4.4%(158/3 630) of participants had smoking attempt. The results of binary logistic regression test showed that compared with women, men had higher risk of attempted smoking (P<0.05). Compared with registered residence in Shanghai, the risk of smoking behavior was higher among adolescents who were not registered residence in Shanghai (P<0.05). Smoking behavior among family members, classmates and friends were risk factors for adolescents to attempt smoking (P<0.05). When the number of family smoker was higher than 2, the risk of young students trying to smoke was significantly higher (P<0.05). Compared with the students who believed smoking was harmful to adolescents' health, it was a risk factor for those who considered trying to smoke might be harmful or harmless to try smoking (P<0.05). Conclusion:Smoking control in Jiading District schools has achieved some success, and the proportion of teenagers trying to smoke is low. However, further enhancement of smoking control among young people is still in need and we should devote more attention on male adolescents with non-Shanghai residence registration, and family smoke-free environment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873562

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between daily diet and physical activity with myopia in middle school students in Shanghai, so as to provide evidence for the prevention of myopia. Methods A stratified cluster random sampling of 795 students from two middle schools and one high school in Jiading District of Shanghai was selected. Data was extracted from 2017 adolescent health related behaviors surveillance in Shanghai. Results The reported rate of myopia among middle and high school students was determined to be 57.2%. The proportion of middle school students reporting no drinking soda, no eating desserts and no eating fried foods during the past week were 45.2%, 16.4% and 31.1%, respectively. The proportion of reporting eating fresh fruit, eating vegetables, drinking a cup of milk or yogurt among middle school students every day were 45.8%, 73.2% and 40.7%, respectively. The proportion of physical activity over 60 minutes and moderate intensity exercise over 30 minutes every day were 25.6% and 15.4%, respectively. The proportion of no drinking soda, no eating fried foods, eating fresh fruit every day, eating vegetables every day, and physical activity over 60 minutes during the past week in the non-myopia group were significantly higher than those in the myopia group(P < 0.01). Middle school students eating fresh fruit every day and physical activity over 60 minutes every day were determined to be protective factors for myopia(P < 0.01). Conclusion The proportions of Middle and high school students in Shanghai reporting healthy diet and physical activity are relatively low. Healthy diet and sufficient physical activity may be protective against myopia.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878971

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum morifolium used in medicine and tea were collected from Dabie Mountains and its surrounding producing areas, and the contents of 13 mineral elements were determined and compared. The thermal maps of correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the average content of each element in Ch. morifolium of different germplasm resources was: K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd, and the leaves were: K>N>Ca>Mg>P>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd. There are rich contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Fe in Ch. morifolium flowers and their leaves, among them, K element has the largest change range, while N, Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn elements have a larger change range. The absorption and accumulation of each element in the leaves of different germplasm resources varied greatly. The correlation analysis shows that there is a strong positive correlation between Ca element, Mg, Mn and Cd element.Principal component analysis in Ch. morifolium flowers characteristic elements for Mn, Cr, Cu, P, K, can be used as a Ch. morifolium resources to identify the characteristics of the elements, choose top five principal component(F1-F5) comprehensive evalua-tion of medicinal Ch. morifolium, scored in the top five varieties for Hangiu-Fuhuangju, Hangju-Xiaoyangju, Hangju-Sheyangju, Hangju-Dayanghua, Hangju-Subeiju,indicates that in terms of mineral elements, the five medicinal Ch. morifolium resources quality is better. The PCA score chart can divide 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 4 groups, and the cluster analysis heat map divides 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 5 groups. All the Ch. morifolium resources of the same type can be well clustered together, indicating that the difference in mineral element content of Ch. morifolium germplasm resources is closely related to genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Minerals , Plant Leaves , Tea
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of the Six Sigma management in reducing the pre-examination and triage error rate of emergency acute abdominal diseases.Methods:Data of 367 misdiagnosed patients in Emergency Department of Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January to June 2018 were collected. Six Sigma management method was applied to the management of emergency acute abdomen triage. After analyzing the causes of errors, improvement measures were formulated and implemented.A total of 118 patients who were triaged from September 2018 to February 2019 were taken as the intervention group to evaluate the effect.Results:After the implementation of Six Sigma management, the errors of acute abdomen diagnosis were significantly reduced from 9.92%(367/3 698) to 2.80%(118/4 219), and there was a significant difference before and after the implementation ( χ2 value was 174.082, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The application of Six Sigma management method can effectively reduce the misdiagnosis rate of emergency acute abdomen triage and realize standardized management of acute abdomen triage, which has the value of popularization and application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in children with he-patitis B virus(HBV)-associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN), and their relationship with HBV-DNA load.Methods:Forty-one children who was the first diagnosed with HBV-GN in Department of Pediatrics, the People′s Hospital of Gansu Province and Institute of Infectious Diseases, the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from September 2012 to September 2016 were collected as the objects(HBV-GN group). At the same time, the 40 patients with HBV infection (chronic HBV infection, normal liver and kidney function, normal 24-hour proteinuria quantitation, no hematuria under the microscope, no recent symptoms of cold and fever, etc.) were enrolled as the control group.The levels of T lymphocyte subset, tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in the HBV-GN group and the control group were compared, and the relationship between HBV-DNA and cell factors was farther analyzed.Results:Compared with the control group, the proportions of CD3 + T, CD4 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio decreased in the HBV-GN group(0.632±0.052 vs.0.692±0.047, 0.204±0.050 vs.0.466±0.038, 0.006±0.002 vs.0.017±0.003, t=1.025, 3.342, 5.234, all P<0.05), and the proportions of CD8 + T lymphocyte was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.411±0.023 vs.0.220±0.043, t=4.452, P<0.01). Besides, IL-2 and IFN-γ levels in the HBV-GN group were significantly lower than those in the control group[(23.36±2.55) ng/L vs.(36.33±1.24) ng/L, (19.20±2.18) ng/L vs.(61.25±2.08) ng/L, all P<0.05], and the serum levels of TNF-α, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were significantly higher than those in the control group[(19.60±1.46) ng/L vs.( 6.68±2.32) ng/L, (13.65±3.34) ng/L vs.(1.35±1.52) ng/L, (5.57±1.02) ng/L vs.(1.43±0.57) ng/L, (26.32±3.45) ng/L vs.(9.68±2.55) ng/L, (19.82±2.78) ng/L vs.(1.02±0.56) ng/L, all P<0.01]. Moreover, in HBV-GN patients, there was negative correlation between HBV-DNA load and IFN-γ, IL-2( r=-0.985, -0.943, all P<0.05), and positive relationship in HBV-DNA load with TNF-α, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and IL -10 levels( r=0.942, 0.966, 0.953, 0.944, 0.963, all P<0.05). Conclusions:There is an CD4 + /CD8 + imbalance and an abnormal level of cell factors in HBV-GN progression.In further HBV-GN treatment, HBV-DNA and the cell factors should be detected simultaneously to dynamically eva-luate the illness change and the clinical curative effect.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880608

ABSTRACT

The incidence of non-alcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing year by year, and the relevant cardiovascular events have become a major problem in chronic diseases management. The activation of innate immunity is closely related to the development of NAFLD. The immune cells include Kupffer cells, neutrophils, dendritic cells, and natural killer T cells, which acts through the activation of innate immunity-related signals mediated by pattern recognition receptors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Kupffer Cells , Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
11.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 603-610, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in hippocampus and frontal cortex of diabetic rats with cognitive impairment (CI), as well as the mechanism of EA in protection against CI in diabetic rats. METHODS: Thirty SD rats were divided into normal, model and EA groups (n=10 rats/group). The diabetic model was established by i.p.injection of Streptozotocin solution(25 mg/kg), followed by high-fat diet raising for 1 month, and the CI rats was confirmed by Morris water maze tasks. The rats in the EA group were given acupuncture at "Zusanli" (ST36) "Neiting" (ST44) and "Yishu" (EX-B3) 20 min/d, among which ST36 and ST44 were treated with EA. The treatment was conducted 6 times a week for 4 weeks. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) contents were assayed by glucometer before and after treatment. The rats' learning-memory ability was detected by Morris water maze tasks. The expression levels of IL-6、IL-1β、TNF-α、p38 MAPK、p-p38 MAPK、STAT3 and p-STAT3 in hippocampus and frontal cortex were detected by Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR, separately. The mean fluorescence intensity of p38 MAPK and STAT3 was observed by immunofluorescence histochemistry. RESULTS: After modeling, FBG and the escape latency of Morris water maze tasks were significantly increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.001, P<0.01). Following EA treatment, the increased FBG and average escape latency were markedly reversed in the EA group relevant to the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the proteins and mRNAs expression of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, STAT3 and p-STAT3 in hippocampus and frontal cortex were significantly increased in the model group (P<0.001), as well as the mean fluorescence intensity of p38 MAPK and STAT3 in hippocampus and frontal cortex (P<0.001). Following EA intervention, the proteins and mRNAs expression of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, STAT3 and p-STAT3, and the mean fluorescence intensity of p38 MAPK and STAT3 in hippocampus and frontal cortex were down-regulated(P<0.001, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA can inhibit the over production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in diabetic rats with CI, possibly by regulating the expression of p38 MAPK and STAT3 pathway.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793026

ABSTRACT

Professor believes that chronic diarrhea is located in the "intestine" and its pathogenesis focuses on the dysfunction of the spleen and the stomach which results in the impairment of activity. In the treatment, the comprehensive therapy is adopted, including acupuncture, moxibustion, herbal medicine, cupping method, etc. Regarding acupuncture therapy, Tianshu (ST 25) is selected specially for regulating the spleen and stomach function, Xiabai (LU4) for dispersing the lung to stop diarrhea, as well as Yintang (GV 29), Shuigou (GV 26), Chengjiang (CV 24), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4) and Zhongwan (CV 12) for promoting the circulation of the conception vessel and the governor vessel. Regarding moxibustion therapy, moxibustion is exerted at the abdominal region to regulate and blood circulation and unblocking the meridians. Moreover, the retained cupping method is used at Shenque (CV 8) to consolidate the primary and the modified the herbal decoction is supplemented to tonify the acquired foundation for assisting the congenital one. All of these therapies co-work on promoting and regulating activity so as to stop diarrhea.

13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 190-195, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827824

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is known for its magical infectivity, fast transmission and high death toll based on the large number of infected people. From the perspective of the clinical manifestation, autopsy examination and pathophysiology, the essence of COVID-19 should be viewed as a sepsis induced by viral infection, and has the essential characteristics as sepsis induced by other pathogens. Therefore, in addition to etiological and supportive treatment, immunomodulatory therapy is also appropriate to severe COVID-19. Although there is still a lack of consensus on immunotherapy for sepsis so far, relatively rich experiences have been accumulated in the past decades, which will help us in the treatment of severe COVID-19. This article will elaborate immunotherapy of sepsis, though it may not be consistent.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Glycoproteins , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Immunologic Factors , Therapeutic Uses , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Thymalfasin , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1687, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827595

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The catheter-tissue contact force (CF) is one of the significant determinants of lesion size and thus has a considerable impact on the effectiveness of ablation procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of CF on the lesion size during right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) ablation in a swine model.@*METHODS@#Twelve Guangxi Bama miniature male pigs weighing 40 to 50 kg were studied. After general anesthesia, a ThermoCool SmartTouch contact-sensing ablation catheter was introduced to the RVOT via the femoral vein under the guidance of the CARTO 3 system. The local ventricular voltage amplitude and impedance were measured using different CF levels. We randomly divided the animals into the following four groups according to the different CF levels: group A (3-9 g); group B (10-19 g); group C (20-29 g); and group D (30-39 g). Radiofrequency ablations were performed at three points in the free wall and septum of the RVOT in power control mode at 30 W for 30 s while maintaining the saline irrigation rate at 17 mL/min. At the end of the procedures, the maximum depth, surface diameter, and lesion volume were measured and recorded. A linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between continuous variables.@*RESULTS@#A total of 72 ablation lesions were created in the RVOT of the 12 Bama pigs. The maximum depth, surface diameter, and volume of the lesions measured were well correlated with the CF (free wall: β = 0.105, β = 0.162, β = 3.355, respectively, P < 0.001; septum: β = 0.093, β = 0.150, β = 3.712, respectively, P < 0.001). The regional ventricular bipolar voltage amplitude, unipolar voltage amplitude, and impedance were weakly positively associated with the CF (β = 0.065, β = 0.125, and β = 1.054, respectively, P < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the incidence of steam pops among groups A, B, C, and D (free wall: F = 7.3, P = 0.032; septum: F = 10.5, P = 0.009); and steam pops occurred only when the CF exceeded 20 g. Trans-mural lesions were observed when the CF exceeded 10 g in the free wall, while the lesions in the septum were non-trans-mural even though the CF reached 30 g.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CF seems to be a leading predictive factor for the size of formed lesions in RVOT ablation. Maintaining the CF value between 3 and 10 g may be reasonable and effective for creating the necessary lesion size and reducing the risk of complications, such as steam pops and perforations.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826700

ABSTRACT

Professor believes that infantile cerebral palsy is located in the brain and closely related to the kidney. The clinical treatment should focus on the brain theory and root at the kidney. In pathogenesis, infantile spastic cerebral palsy refers to flaccidity of and spasticity of . The principle of treatment should be balancing and , promoting the circulation of the governor vessel and regulating the spirit/mind. In clinical treatment, the comprehensive therapy of acupuncture and herbal medicine is adopted. In acupuncture, the acupoints on the head and the face are dominant and the body acupoints are selected rigorously and precisely. The herbal formula with and is used and taken orally with warm water. In acupoint application treatment, and are the main herbal medicines for the external application at Shenque (CV 8) and Baihui (GV 20). All of the above therapies are used in combination to co-achieve the effect of regaining consciousness, opening orifices and benefiting the intelligence. The clinical therapeutic effect of this comprehensive therapy is significant.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Palsy , Therapeutics , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Plant Preparations , Therapeutic Uses
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824944

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the protein and gene expressions of Bax, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in cerebral cortex of type 2 diabetic rats with cognitive impairment (CI), and to explore the mechanism of EA in improving the learning and memory abilities. Methods: A total of 100 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into a normal group (n=10) and a model group (n=90) by random number table method. Rats in the model group were intraperitoneally injected with a small dose of streptozotocin (STZ) to establish the type 2 diabetic models, after being fed with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 1 month. Twenty CI rats were selected from the 50 successful model rats by the Morris water maze (MWM) test and randomly divided into a model group and an EA group according to the blood glucose level and MWM data (n=10). Rats in the EA group received acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36), Neiting (ST 44) and Yishu (Extra), of which Zusanli (ST 36) and Neiting (ST 44) were stimulated by EA apparatus, 20 min/time, once a day for 6 d a week and 4 consecutive weeks. The rats in the model and the normal groups were fixed without treatment. After 4-week treatment, the random blood glucose level of the rats was measured; the learning and memory abilities of rats were measured by MWM; terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was used to detect apoptotic cells; Western blot (WB) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to detect the protein and gene expressions of Bax, Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 in cerebral cortex. Results: After modeling, the random blood glucose level and the escape latency tested by MWM were significantly increased, and the number of crossing the platform tested by the MWM was decreased in the EA and model groups, and were significantly different from those in the normal group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the differences between the model group and the EA group were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). After 4-week treatment, the random glucose level and the escape latency tested by MWM were significantly increased (both P<0.05), and the number of crossing the original platform tested by the MWM was significantly reduced (P<0.01), the protein and gene expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly increased (all P<0.001), the protein and gene expressions of Bcl-2 were significantly reduced (both P<0.001), and the number of neuron apoptosis was significantly increased (P<0.001) in the model group than in the normal group; the random blood glucose level was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the escape latency tested by MWM was significantly shortened (P<0.05), and the number of crossing the original platform tested by MWM was significantly increased (P<0.05), the protein and gene expressions of Bax and Caspase-3 were significantly reduced (all P<0.001), the protein and gene expressions of Bcl-2 were significantly increased (both P<0.001), and the number of neuron apoptosis was significantly reduced (P<0.001) in the EA group than in the model group. Conclusion: EA can improve the learning and memory damages induced by type 2 diabetic model rats with CI; the action mechanism may be achieved via anti-apoptosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect and safety of dexmedetomidine in children with agitation during ventilator weaning.@*METHODS@#A prospective open observational study was performed for children who were admitted to the intensive care unit and experienced mechanical ventilation between March 2017 and August 2018. They were given dexmedetomidine due to the failure in the spontaneous breathing test (SBT) caused by agitation. A sedation-agitation scale score of ≥5 was defined as agitation. The children were observed in terms of the sedation state at 0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after the administration of dexmedetomidine, blood gas parameters before extubation and at 1, 24, and 48 hours after extubation, vital signs (heart rate, respiratory rate and mean arterial pressure) before SBT, before extubation, and at 10, 60, and 120 minutes and 24 hours after extubation, and incidence rates of adverse events related to the use of dexmedetomidine.@*RESULTS@#A total of 19 children were enrolled in this study. All the children were in a state of agitation at the time of enrollment. At 0.5, 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after the administration of dexmedetomidine, 12, 17, 17, 18, and 18 children respectively reached the sedation state. There were no significant differences in the oxygenation index, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide, heart rate, respiratory rate, and mean arterial pressure at each time point before and after extubation (P>0.05). No adverse events were observed, such as severe hypotension and respiratory depression, and only one child experienced reversible bradycardia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dexmedetomidine is safe and effective in children with agitation during ventilator weaning, but prospective randomized controlled trials are needed for verification.


Subject(s)
Child , Dexmedetomidine , Humans , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Prospective Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Ventilator Weaning
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1645-1653, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Zika virus (ZIKV) has emerged as a global pathogen causing significant public health concerns. China has reported several imported cases where ZIKV were carried by travelers who frequently travel between China and ZIKV-endemic regions. To fully characterize the ZIKV strains isolated from the cases reported in China and assess the risk of ZIKV transmission in China, comprehensive phylogenetic and genetic analyses were performed both on all ZIKV sequences of China and on a group of scientifically selected ZIKV sequences reported in some of the top interested destinations for Chinese travelers.@*METHODS@#ZIKV genomic sequences were retrieved from the National Center for Biotechnology Information database through stratified sampling. Recombination event detection, maximum likelihood (ML) phylogenetic analysis, molecular clock analysis, selection pressure analysis, and amino acid substitution analysis were used to reconstruct the epidemiology and molecular transmission of ZIKV.@*RESULTS@#The present study investigated 18 ZIKV sequences from China and 70 sequences from 16 selected countries. Recombination events rarely happens in all ZIKV Asian lineage. ZIKV genomes were generally undergone episodic positive selection (17 sites), and only one site was under pervasive positive selection. All ZIKV imported into China were Asian lineage and were assigned into two clusters: Venezuela-origin (cluster A) and Samoa-origin cluster (cluster B) with common ancestor from French Polynesia. The time of most recent common ancestors of Cluster A dated to approximately 2013/11 (95% highest posterior density [HPD] 2013/06, 2014/03) and cluster B dated to 2014/08 (95% HPD 2014/02, 2015/01). Cluster B is more variable than Cluster A in comparison with other clusters, but no varied site of biological significance was revealed. ZIKV strains in Southeast Asia countries are independent from strains in America epidemics.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The genetic evolution of ZIKV is conservative. There are two independent introductions of ZIKV into China and China is in danger of autochthonous transmission of ZIKV because of high-risk surrounding areas. Southeast Asia areas have high risk of originating the next large-scale epidemic ZIKV strains.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778293

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the antibody titer distributions after primary vaccination by different sequential schedules of Sabin strain-based inactivated poliovirus vaccine(sIPV) and bivalent oral attenuated live poliomyelitis vaccine against types 1 and 3 (bOPV) in Drug Candy(DC) form or liquid dosage form. Methods Eligible infants of 2 months old selected in Liuzhou were assigned randomly in a ratio of 1:1:1:1 to 4 groups as following: sIPV+2bOPV(DC), sIPV+2bOPV(liquid), 2sIPV+bOPV(DC), 2sIPV+bOPV(liquid), and were vaccinated at 0, 28, 56 days. Polio neutralizing antibody titers against poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3 were tested prior to Dose 1 and at 28 days after Dose 3. Results The antibody titer distribution for type 1 was statistically different between sIPV+2bOPV(DC) and sIPV+2bOPV(liquid) (Z=-2.589, P=0.010) while no significant differences were detected between the two groups for type 2(Z=-0.331, P=0.741) and type 3(Z=-1.556, P=0.120). There were no significant differences between 2sIPV +bOPV(DC) and 2sIPV+bOPV(liquid) for the distributions(All P>0.05) (type 1: Z=-1.249, P=0.212; type 2: Z=-1.658, P=0.097; type 3: Z=-1.436, P=0.151). In the same dosage forms with different sequential schedules, the antibody titer distributions were significantly different between 2 doses sIPV and 1 dose sIPV groups(All P<0.05)(sIPV+2bOPV(liquid) vs 2sIPV+bOPV(liquid): type 1: Z=-2.766, P=0.006; type 2: Z=-9.137, P<0.001; type 3: Z=-5.529, P<0.001. sIPV+2bOPV(DC) vs 2sIPV+bOPV(DC): type 1: Z=-3.748, P<0.001; type 2: Z=-7.660, P<0.001; type 3: Z=-6.030, P<0.001). Conclusions Different dosage forms have similar immune effects, so appropriate dosage forms should be selected for vaccination according to the effectiveness, characteristics of subjects and the population density. In the case of sufficient supply of sIPV, 2 doses sIPV sequential program should be the first choice to complete the primary immunization.

20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1009-1012, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776224

ABSTRACT

' region is enriched in humanities and talents, in which a regional medicine school was generated, named ' medicine. The representative medical scholars have profound knowledge in acupuncture and moxibustion, such as 's theory on "identification the reinforcing from the reducing" and "corresponding between acupoints and needling techniques", 's theory on "moxibustion for heat syndrome and boils and sores" and "selecting optimal points accordingly in treatment", 's theory on "the same principles shared in acupuncture and herbal medicine" and "the application of five- points", 's innovation about " 's three needling technique" and 's theory on "identifying symptoms/patterns and determining acupoints" and "contraindication of moxibustion". In this paper, the academic thoughts of the ' medical representatives were collected and sorted out on acupuncture and moxibustion and summarized so as to provide the references for further research.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Schools, Medical
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