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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939512

ABSTRACT

Professor YANG Jun's clinical experience of acupuncture and moxibustion for oculomotor paralysis is summarized. Professor YANG Jun pays attention to disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation in the treatment of this disease. According to the characteristics of oculomotor paralysis, "early diagnosis and seeking treatment from the source" is advocated. According to the etiology and pathogenesis, professor YANG divides oculomotor paralysis into three types: the syndrome of wind-evil attacking collaterals, the syndrome of spleen-stomach weakness and the syndrome of qi-deficiency and blood-stasis. As such, the acupoints are selected according to syndrome differentiation, and several different acupuncture methods (pricking needling at eyelids, penetrating needling and lifting eyelids and contralateral- balance needling on the healthy side) are adopted to improve the symptoms of oculomotor paralysis. It is also suggested to use the combination of scalp acupuncture and electroacupuncture to achieve the best dose-effect state. Moreover, local stimulation around the eyes is important to achieve the effects of "qi reaching affected area".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Moxibustion , Ophthalmoplegia , Syndrome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide consistent data basis for the application of reference intervals for children blood cell analysis in different testing systems.Methods:According to the requirements of American Institute for Clinical and Laboratory Standardization (CLSI) EP9-A3 document, 45 samples were collected and Sysmex XN20-A1 were used as reference system. Beckman DxH800, Siemens ADVIA 2120i, and Mindray BC5310 were comparison systems. Complete blood count and leukocyte classification were performed by four systems. The outliers of the detection results were tested by the generalized extreme student deviate (ESD) method. An optimal regression model was selected by scatter diagram, deviation diagram and frequency distribution diagram, which was used to fit the regression equation and calculate the deviation at the medical decision level and reference interval. The acceptable range for blood count deviation was cited from the Analytical Quality Specifications for Routine Tests in Clinical Hematology. The acceptable range for leukocyte classification was based on the EQA program of Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (RCPA).Results:After the outliers were deleted, the scatter plot showed a linear relationship between the reference system and the three comparison systems. The deviation plot showed that the differences were variable. Deming regression or Passing-Bablok regression was selected according to the data distribution. The determination coefficient R2 of reference system and three comparison systems ranged from 0.95 to 0.99 in blood count and leukocyte classification. At the upper and lower limits of the reference interval, the deviations between XN-20A1 and ADVIA 2120 system were all acceptable, except for MONO# at 0.12×10 9/L. The deviations of all parameters at medical decision level were within acceptable ranges. The lower limit of PLT is partially unacceptable at the level of medical decision related to treatment and prognosis. Conclusions:The results of complete blood count and leukocyte classification in reference system and the comparison system had good consistency within the children′s reference interval. Our study provided a scientific basis for the feasibility of adopting a unified reference interval for different detection systems.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the efficacy and application value of plasma exchange as an adjuvant therapy in children with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed. Forty children with severe HPS were enrolled, who were treated in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Hunan Children's Hospital from October 2018 to October 2020. The children were randomly divided into a plasma exchange group and a conventional treatment group using a random number table, with 20 children in each group. The children in the conventional treatment group received etiological treatment and conventional symptomatic supportive treatment, and those in the plasma exchange group received plasma exchange in addition to the treatment in the conventional treatment group. The two groups were compared in terms of general information, clinical symptoms and signs before and after treatment, main laboratory markers, treatment outcome, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, there were no significant differences between the two groups in gender, age, course of the disease before admission, etiological composition, pediatric critical illness score, involvement of organ or system functions, and laboratory markers (P>0.05). After 7 days of treatment, both groups had remission and improvement in clinical symptoms and signs. After treatment, the plasma exchange group had significantly lower levels of C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, and serum protein levels than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The plasma exchange group also had significantly lower levels of alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The length of stay in the PICU in the plasma exchange group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). The plasma exchange group had a significantly higher treatment response rate than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the total length of hospital stay and 3-month mortality rate (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Plasma exchange as an adjuvant therapy is effective for children with severe HPS. It can improve clinical symptoms and signs and some laboratory markers and shorten the length of stay in the PICU, and therefore, it may become an optional adjuvant therapy for children with severe HPS.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/therapy , Plasma Exchange , Plasmapheresis , Prospective Studies
4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 404-407, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the activities of daily living and the use of assistive devices among disabled people demanding assistive devices in Jiading Township, Jiading District, Shanghai Municipality, so as to provide the evidence for the implementation of rehabilitation interventions and the selection of assistive devices for the disabled people living in the community.@*Methods@#The disabled people demanding assistive devices were sampled from 17 communities in Jiading Township in January 2020. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted to collect participants'age, gender, type of disability, provision and use of assistive devices. The activities of daily living were evaluated using the Activities of Daily Living Scale, and the difference in the frequency of assistive device use was compared among the disabled people with different activities of daily living.@*Results@#A total of 377 questionnaires were allocated, and 328 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 87.00%. The respondents included 187 men ( 57.01% ) and 141 women (42.99%), and had a mean age of ( 71.78±13.86 ) years. Among all respondents, limb disability was predominant (248 people, 75.61%), and 84.45% (277 people) were provided with assistive devices. Assessment of activities of daily living showed complete self-care in 85 respondents ( 25.91% ), functional decline in 39 respondents ( 11.89% ) and functional dysfunction in 204 respondents ( 62.20% ). The proportion of functional dysfunction was predominantly detected among disabled people at ages of 80 years and older ( 79.63% ) ( P<0.05 ). Of the disabled people with assistive devices, 139 people used the devices daily ( 50.18% ), and the proportion of daily use of assistive devices was significantly higher in people with functional dysfunctions than in those with complete self-care ( 59.33% vs. 29.41%; P<0.05 ). In addition, no need was identified as the predominant cause of non-provision of assistive devices ( 29 people, 56.86% ). @*Conclusions@#Functional dysfunction of daily living is highly prevalent among the disabled people demanding assistive devices in Jiading Township, in whom the elderly are predominant, and the proportion of assistive device use is high among people with functional dysfunctions. The provision of assistive devices recommends to be improved based on assessment of activities of daily living.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 122-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913177

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK) cells, as an essential part of innate immunity, can directly identify and kill tumor cells after being activated by the synergistic action of surface inhibitory receptors and activated receptors. It can secrete cytokines to recruit dendritic cells (DCs), induce DCs maturation and enhance adaptive immune response. It can target cancer stem cells (CSCs) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) to inhibit cancer metastasis. NK cells have a unique inflammatory tendency, which can respond to cytokines and chemokines released from tumor sites and migrate to tumor sites, making them occupy an important advantage in cancer targeted therapy. The research on cancer targeted therapy of NK cells as drug delivery carriers, NK cell membrane-coated biomimetic nanoparticles, and NK cell extracellular vesicles (NKEVs) has attracted more and more attention. The article will focus on the mechanism of NK cells inhibiting cancer, and summarize the research progress of cancer targeted therapy of NK cells.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929049

ABSTRACT

The online version of the original article can be found at https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1900468 The original version of this article (Liu et al., 2020) unfortunately contained some mistakes. 1. Figs. 7c and 7d in p.229 were incorrect. The upper left and bottom left pictures in Fig. 7c were accidentally duplicated with the pictures at the same position of Fig. 1a. The upper right and bottom right pictures were mistakenly placed in Fig. 7c. Therefore, the calculation results in Fig. 7d were also mistaken. The correct versions should be as follows: 2. Because of the wrong pictures of Fig. 7c, the calculated results of "42.5%" in Abstract, Sections 3.9 and 5 are also mistaken. The correct result should be "45.2%." (1) Lines 10-12 of Abstract in p.218: "CSO-ss-SA/siRNA could effectively transmit siRNA into tumor cells, reducing the expression of RAC1 protein by 38.2% and decreasing the number of tumor-induced invasion cells by 42.5%." was incorrect. The correct version should be "CSO-ss-SA/siRNA could effectively transmit siRNA into tumor cells, reducing the expression of RAC1 protein by 38.2% and decreasing the number of tumor-induced invasion cells by 45.2%." (2) Lines 23-26 of Section 3.9 in p.227: "It was shown that the number of invasive tumor cells induced by DOX was reduced by 42.5% since CSO-ss-SA/siRNA downregulated the expression of RAC1 protein." was incorrect. The correct version should be "It was shown that the number of invasive tumor cells induced by DOX was reduced by 45.2% since CSO-ss-SA/siRNA downregulated the expression of RAC1 protein." (3) Lines 4-8 of Section 5 in p.231: "CSO-ss-SA, as an efficient redox-sensitive carrier for delivering siRNA silencing RAC1 into tumor cells, reduced the expression of RAC1 by 38.2% and decreased DOX-induced tumor invasion cells by 42.5% in vitro." was incorrect. The correct version should be "CSO-ss-SA, as an efficient redox-sensitive carrier for delivering siRNA silencing RAC1 into tumor cells, reduced the expression of RAC1 by 38.2% and decreased DOX-induced tumor invasion cells by 45.2% in vitro."

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942896

ABSTRACT

Intracorporeal classic gastrointestinal anastomosis using circular stapler in totally laparoscopic gastrectomy (TLG) for gastric cancer requires intracorporeal anvil placement and suitable access for introduction of the circular stapler to the abdominal cavity without gas leak. The novel techniques for anvil placement have been updated, but there is no progress for proper access for circular stapler. In the study, intracorporeal circular-stapled gastrointestinal anastomosis were successfully accomplished using a novel device of sealed cap access with a central hole (WLB-60/70-60/100, Wuhan Widerep Medical Instrument Co.,Ltd, China) customized to the incision protection retractor for the simple and accessible introduction of the circular stapler and anvil under the optimal maintenance of pneumoperitoneum pressure in TLG. In these 3 cases, there was no gas leakage and the pneumoperitoneum was well maintained when performing the gastrointestinal anastomosis, and there was no transition to laparotomy or other anastomosis techniques. The result suggests that the sealed cap access could be a novel choice for introduction of the circular stapler to the abdominal cavity in order to obtain laparoscopic circular-stapled gastroin-testinal anastomosis in TLG.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , China , Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Surgical Stapling
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942214

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the recent severity of COVID-19 in various countries.@*METHODS@#Data were ollected on the epidemic situation of COVID-19 in various countries as of January 16, 2021, and the scale and overall trend of the epidemic were retrospectively described; combined with the recent trend of newly confirmed cases, from January 10 to 16 (the 54th week) and the newly confirmed cases indexes, such as the number and incidence density the severity of the epidemic was classified. Feasible suggestions were put forward based on the variation of the virus, actual data of vaccine research and development and possible existence in many countries.@*RESULTS@#Up to January 16, 2021, there were 92 510 419 confirmed cases worldwide; 4 849 301 new confirmed cases were confirmed in the 54th week, and they were still growing. Among all the continents, the cumulative number of confirmed cases in Europe, North America, and Asia has exceeded 21 million, and the number of new confirmed cases in a single week in North America, South America and Asia were all increasing. Among the countries, the cumulative number of confirmed cases in 18 countries including the United States, India, and Brazil was more than 1 million, accounting for 77.04% of the total number of cumulative confirmed cases in the world. Eleven countries including the United States, Brazil, France, Spain, Colombia, The United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, South Africa, Italy, and India are at higher risk of the epidemic; The United States, Brazil, France, Spain, and Colombia were still experiencing new confirmed cases and increasing status, the risk of the epidemic was greater. Novel coronavirus mutates frequently, up to February 2021, there had been 3 931 mutant genotypes in the world. At the same time, a total of 11 vaccines were successfully launched, however we were still facing some troubles, such as the global shortage of vaccines, the public's willingness to vaccinate needed to be improved, and equity in the distribution of vaccines.@*CONCLUSION@#The global epidemic situation is still getting worse, with repeated epidemics in all the continents and countries, and has not been fundamentally controlled. At the continent level, North America, South America, and Europe have the most severe epidemics; at the national level, The United States, Brazil, France, Spain, Colombia and other countries have higher epidemic risks. Focusing on the severely affected countries will help bring the global epidemic under control as soon as possible. Under the premise of ensuring the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines, it is a key and feasible direction to improve the yield and vaccination rate of the vaccines, shorten the onset time of the vaccines and prolong the immune persistence.


Subject(s)
Asia , Brazil , COVID-19 , Europe , France , Humans , India , Italy , North America , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Spain , United Kingdom , United States
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current status of smoking attempt among adolescents in Jiading District of Shanghai and to explore the influencing factors so as to provide suggestions for further intervention and control of tobacco smoking among adolescents. Methods:A total of 3 745 students from grade one to grade three from seven junior high school in Jiading District, Shanghai, were selected to participate in the survey by stratified cluster random sampling method. Anonymous internet questionnaire survey was conducted and the survey data, including main demographic information and smoking attempt, was analyzed by binary logistic regression test. Smoking attempt was defined as the teenagers had smoked at least one puff prior to the time of questionnaire survey. Results:A total of 3 630 valid questionnaires were collected and the rate was 96.9%(3 630/3 745). Overall 4.4%(158/3 630) of participants had smoking attempt. The results of binary logistic regression test showed that compared with women, men had higher risk of attempted smoking (P<0.05). Compared with registered residence in Shanghai, the risk of smoking behavior was higher among adolescents who were not registered residence in Shanghai (P<0.05). Smoking behavior among family members, classmates and friends were risk factors for adolescents to attempt smoking (P<0.05). When the number of family smoker was higher than 2, the risk of young students trying to smoke was significantly higher (P<0.05). Compared with the students who believed smoking was harmful to adolescents' health, it was a risk factor for those who considered trying to smoke might be harmful or harmless to try smoking (P<0.05). Conclusion:Smoking control in Jiading District schools has achieved some success, and the proportion of teenagers trying to smoke is low. However, further enhancement of smoking control among young people is still in need and we should devote more attention on male adolescents with non-Shanghai residence registration, and family smoke-free environment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873562

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between daily diet and physical activity with myopia in middle school students in Shanghai, so as to provide evidence for the prevention of myopia. Methods A stratified cluster random sampling of 795 students from two middle schools and one high school in Jiading District of Shanghai was selected. Data was extracted from 2017 adolescent health related behaviors surveillance in Shanghai. Results The reported rate of myopia among middle and high school students was determined to be 57.2%. The proportion of middle school students reporting no drinking soda, no eating desserts and no eating fried foods during the past week were 45.2%, 16.4% and 31.1%, respectively. The proportion of reporting eating fresh fruit, eating vegetables, drinking a cup of milk or yogurt among middle school students every day were 45.8%, 73.2% and 40.7%, respectively. The proportion of physical activity over 60 minutes and moderate intensity exercise over 30 minutes every day were 25.6% and 15.4%, respectively. The proportion of no drinking soda, no eating fried foods, eating fresh fruit every day, eating vegetables every day, and physical activity over 60 minutes during the past week in the non-myopia group were significantly higher than those in the myopia group(P < 0.01). Middle school students eating fresh fruit every day and physical activity over 60 minutes every day were determined to be protective factors for myopia(P < 0.01). Conclusion The proportions of Middle and high school students in Shanghai reporting healthy diet and physical activity are relatively low. Healthy diet and sufficient physical activity may be protective against myopia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908765

ABSTRACT

The fruits of leguminous plants Cercis Chinensis Bunge are still overlooked although they have been reported to be antioxidative because of the limited information on the phytochemicals of C.chinensis fruits.A simple,rapid and sensitive HPLC-MS/MS method was developed for the identification and quantitation of the major bioactive components in C.chinensis fruits.Eighteen polyphenols were iden-tified,which are first reported in C.chinensis fruits.Moreover,ten components were simultaneously quantified.The validated quantitative method was proved to be sensitive,reproducible and accurate.Then,it was applied to analyze batches of C.chinensis fruits from different phytomorph and areas.The principal components analysis (PCA) realized visualization and reduction of data set dimension while the hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) indicated that the content of phenolic acids or all ten components might be used to differentiate C.chinensis fruits of different phytomorph.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908750

ABSTRACT

The roots of O.fragrans are also a valuable resource in addition to its flowers and fruits.In this study,the HPLC-MS/MS method used for analyzing the chemical constituents in O.fragrans roots extract was developed,which showed high sensitivity for both qualitative and quantitative analyses.Thirty-two compounds were first discovered in O.fragrans roots,one compound of which was reported for the first time.The simultaneous determination method for acteoside,isoacteoside,oleuropein and phillyrin was validated to be sensitive and accurate.Then it was applied to determine the content of bioactive components in O.fragrans roots from different cultivars.The content of oleuropein and phillyrin in the twelve batches was relatively stable,while the content of acteoside and isoacteoside varied greatly.Moreover,the therapeutic material basis and mechanism of O.fragrans roots exerting its traditional pharmacodynamics were analyzed by network pharmacology.The results showed that O.fragrans roots might be effective for the treatment of inflammation,cardiovascular diseases,cancer,and rheumatoid arthritis,which is consistent with the traditional pharmacodynamics of O.fragrans roots.This work can provide an analytical method for the comprehensive development of O.fragrans roots.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the distribution characteristics of mineral elements in <italic>Gastrodia elata </italic>samples<italic> </italic>with different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas and their classification and identification evidences. Method:Fourteen mineral elements in 31 batches of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic> samples of different grades and specifications (variants) from diverse producing areas were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, Mo-Sb colorimetry, and curcumin colorimetry, and then subjected to correlation analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA). Result:The content of K, N, and P in <italic>G. elata</italic> was the highest, enabling them to serve as the nutritional limiting factors affecting its growth. The <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be identified by the variation trend of elements (K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>B>Zn>Mn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd). The comparison of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples from multiple producing areas showed that <italic>G. elata</italic> from Zhaotong has the highest P, Fe, and Cd content, that from Lijiang the highest K content, that form Luotian the highest Zn and Cr content, and that from Jinzhai the highest Cu and Pb content. The content of Mg, B, Pb, and Cr in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>elata</italic> was higher than that in <italic>G. elata </italic>f. <italic>glauca</italic>. It was found that the content of P, Cu, and Cd in commercially available <italic>G. elata </italic>products gradually increased with the decrease in the commercial grade, while that of Mg, Fe, B, and Ni mostly decreased. As revealed by CA, Fe was positively correlated with Mg, Cr, and B. The producing areas of <italic>G. elata</italic> samples could be effectively identified by DA with Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, B, and Ni as the main variables, and the accuracy reached up to 85.71%. According to the PCA of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> f. <italic>glauca</italic> from Zhaotong, Yunnan Province, Fe, Cr, Mg, Cd, P, Mn, B, Pb, and Cu exerted a greater influence on <italic>G. elata</italic>. Conclusion:The determination of mineral elements in <italic>G. elata</italic> samples contributes to identifying their authenticity and origin due to the easy operation, accurate results, and good stability.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of RhoE expression on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight TSCC cases were selected from the Maxillofacial Surgery Center of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from 2017 to 2019. The expression of RhoE in the specimens (TSCC and adjacent tissues) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and RhoE mRNA and protein were extracted to further detect the expression of RhoE. SCC-4 and CAL-27 cells were selected for @*RESULTS@#The expression level of RhoE in TSCC was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RhoE expression is low in TSCC. Over expression RhoE in TSCC can significantly decrease its migration and invasion abilities. Hence, RhoE may play an important role in regulating the metastasis and invasion of TSCC and provide a new target for gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , rho GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the use of blood products in patients at different ages.@*METHODS@#The clinical datas of the 10 784 patients transfused in Sichuan provincial people's hospital at 2017-2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and the basic condition of clinical blood using was statistically described. The patients were divided into the groups according to age and disease, then the use of various blood products in the patients with different diseases in different age groups was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The age of blood transfusion patients was mainly 40-80 years old, and the most common disease was tumor(about 28%). The average annual transfusion volumes of red blood cells(RBC) were 24 936.5 U, of platelets(PLT) were 3 795 therapeutic doses of plasma were 2 455 500 ml, of cryoprecipitate were 3 461.5 U in our hospital. Most patients with hematologic malignancies and liver cirrhosis were transfused with two or more blood productions. For the patients with hematologic malignancies, the irradiated RBC (76.4%), PLT (67.8%), and suspended RBC (59.9%) were commonly used. And for liver cirrhosis patients, the suspended RBC (64.2%) and fresh frozen plasma(FFP) (59.4%) were commonly used. For the patients with trauma and chronic kidney disease(CKD), the suspended RBC (95.7% and 91.5%, respectively) was commonly used. In hematologic malignancies patients, the transfusion volume of irradiated RBC, PLT and FFP in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05); in trauma patients, the transfusion volume of suspended RBC in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05). In hematologic malignancies, trauma and liver cirrhosis patients, the proportion of PLT and/or plasma transfusion in the patients aged ≥60 years old was lower than that in patients aged<60 years old (P<0.05), and the elderly patients were more likely to receive RBC transfusion only.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a difference in the distribution of blood product between the patients aged<60 years old and ≥60 years old in the same disease, and it is more likely that the elderly patients (aged ≥60 years old) receive RBC transfusion only, and correction of hypoxia is a major clinical consideration, so blood using plans should be made according to the patient population, moreover, the different transfusion strategies should be developed for different population to maximize the efficiency of blood using.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Component Transfusion , Blood Transfusion , Hospitals , Humans , Middle Aged , Plasma , Retrospective Studies
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 273-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879763

ABSTRACT

Postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction (pPED) remains a current problem despite improvements in surgical techniques. Vacuum therapy is clinically confirmed as a type of pPED rehabilitation. However, its underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Recently, autophagy and apoptosis were extensively studied in erectile dysfunction resulting from diabetes, senescence, and androgen deprivation but not in the context of pPED and vacuum therapy. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the roles of autophagy and apoptosis in pPED and vacuum therapy. Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) group, and BCNC + vacuum group. After 4 weeks of treatment, intracavernosal pressure was used to evaluate erectile function. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the molecular expression. TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling staining was used to assess apoptosis. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes. After treatment, compared with those of the BCNC group, erectile function and cavernosal hypoxia had statistically significantly improved (P < 0.05). Apoptosis and the relative protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X and cleaved Caspase3 were decreased (P < 0.05). Autophagy-related molecules such as phosphorylated unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase 1 (Ser757) and p62 were decreased. Beclin1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 A/B, and autophagosomes were increased (P < 0.05). Besides, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway, as a negative regulator of autophagy to some degree, was inhibited. This study revealed that vacuum therapy ameliorated pPED in BCNC rats by inhibiting apoptosis and activating autophagy.

19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 215-221, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879712

ABSTRACT

Penile length shortening and erectile dysfunction are common complications after radical prostatectomy. Various methods have been used to maintain erectile function, but less attention has been paid to preserving penis length. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has the effect of antioxidation and antifibrotic, which may be beneficial to improve those postoperative complications. This study investigated the effect of NAC on maintaining the penile length and the erectile function after bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and its underlying mechanism. Twenty-four male rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, BCNC group, and BCNC + NAC group. NAC or equal volume of saline was daily administrated by intragastric gavage for 4 weeks. The initial and end penile lengths were measured. Intracavernosal pressure/mean arterial pressure (ICP/MAP) ratio was calculated to assess erectile function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot were performed to explore cellular and molecular changes of the penis. Compared to the BCNC group, the penile length, ICP/MAP ratio and smooth muscle/collagen ratio in the BCNC + NAC group were improved significantly (all P < 0.05), and the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, α-smooth muscle actin, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase 1 were significantly increased after NAC treated (all P < 0.05), along with the decreased expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, transforming growth factor-β1, collagen I, collagen III, collagen IV, malonaldehyde, and lysine oxidase (all P < 0.05). This study demonstrated that NAC could maintain penile length and partly improve erectile function. Possible mechanism is directly and/or indirectly related to antihypoxic and antifibrosis.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878971

ABSTRACT

In this study, 23 germplasm resources of Chrysanthemum morifolium used in medicine and tea were collected from Dabie Mountains and its surrounding producing areas, and the contents of 13 mineral elements were determined and compared. The thermal maps of correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used for comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the average content of each element in Ch. morifolium of different germplasm resources was: K>N>P>Mg>Ca>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Cd, and the leaves were: K>N>Ca>Mg>P>Fe>Mn>Zn>Cr>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd. There are rich contents of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and Fe in Ch. morifolium flowers and their leaves, among them, K element has the largest change range, while N, Ca, Fe, Mg and Zn elements have a larger change range. The absorption and accumulation of each element in the leaves of different germplasm resources varied greatly. The correlation analysis shows that there is a strong positive correlation between Ca element, Mg, Mn and Cd element.Principal component analysis in Ch. morifolium flowers characteristic elements for Mn, Cr, Cu, P, K, can be used as a Ch. morifolium resources to identify the characteristics of the elements, choose top five principal component(F1-F5) comprehensive evalua-tion of medicinal Ch. morifolium, scored in the top five varieties for Hangiu-Fuhuangju, Hangju-Xiaoyangju, Hangju-Sheyangju, Hangju-Dayanghua, Hangju-Subeiju,indicates that in terms of mineral elements, the five medicinal Ch. morifolium resources quality is better. The PCA score chart can divide 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 4 groups, and the cluster analysis heat map divides 23 Ch. morifolium resources into 5 groups. All the Ch. morifolium resources of the same type can be well clustered together, indicating that the difference in mineral element content of Ch. morifolium germplasm resources is closely related to genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Chrysanthemum/genetics , Flowers/genetics , Minerals , Plant Leaves , Tea
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