Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 539
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1225-1239, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929366

ABSTRACT

The dysregulation of transcription factors is widely associated with tumorigenesis. As the most well-defined transcription factor in multiple types of cancer, c-Myc can transform cells by transactivating various downstream genes. Given that there is no effective way to directly inhibit c-Myc, c-Myc targeting strategies hold great potential for cancer therapy. In this study, we found that WSB1, which has a highly positive correlation with c-Myc in 10 cancer cell lines and clinical samples, is a direct target gene of c-Myc, and can positively regulate c-Myc expression, which forms a feedforward circuit promoting cancer development. RNA sequencing results from Bel-7402 cells confirmed that WSB1 promoted c-Myc expression through the β-catenin pathway. Mechanistically, WSB1 affected β-catenin destruction complex-PPP2CA assembly and E3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor β-TRCP recruitment, which inhibited the ubiquitination of β-catenin and transactivated c-Myc. Of interest, the effect of WSB1 on c-Myc was independent of its E3 ligase activity. Moreover, overexpressing WSB1 in the Bel-7402 xenograft model could further strengthen the tumor-driven effect of c-Myc overexpression. Thus, our findings revealed a novel mechanism involved in tumorigenesis in which the WSB1/c-Myc feedforward circuit played an essential role, highlighting a potential c-Myc intervention strategy in cancer treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928126

ABSTRACT

Physical attributes of Chinese herbal extracts are determined by their chemical components, and the physical and chemical attributes jointly affect the preparation process performance and the final product quality. Therefore, in order to improve the quality control of Chinese herbal extracts, we should comprehensively study the batch-to-batch consistency of physical and chemical attributes as well as the correlations between them. This paper first explored the physical attributes affecting the preparation process performance of the compound Danshen extract and developed a method for characterizing the texture attributes. With such main chemical components as water, phenolic acids, saponins, and saccharides and texture, rheology, and other physical attributes taken into consideration, the batch-to-batch quality fluctuation of products from different production lines and time was analyzed by principal components analysis(PCA). Finally, the correlation and partial least squares(PLS) analysis was conducted, and the regression equation was established. The fitting result of the PLS model for dynamic viscosity was satisfying(R~2Y=0.857, Q~2=0.793), suggesting that the chemical components could be adjusted by the component transfer rate in the extraction process, the impurity removal rate in the alcohol precipitation process, and the water retention rate of the concentration process to meet the control of the extract dynamic viscosity. This study clarified the correlations between physical and chemical attributes of the compound Danshen extract and established a method for controlling its physical attributes based on process regulation, which would provide reference for improving the quality control of Chinese herbal extracts.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Quality Control , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Water
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and simple CEA on carotid artery stenosis (CAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with CAS were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Both groups were treated with eversion CEA (eCEA). The conventional treatment of internal medicine and antiplatelet drugs i.e. aspirin enteric-coated tablet and clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate tablet were given in the control group for 4 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Fengfu (GV 16), Yamen (GV 15), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Dazhui (GV 14), etc. in the observation group, once a day, 1-day rest was taken after 6-day treatment, 2 weeks were as one course and totally 2 courses were required. The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) before and after treatment was detected by ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus, the TCM symptom score was compared before and after treatment and in the follow-up of 6 months after treatment, the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups. The occurrence of endpoints within 1 year was recorded.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the carotid IMT and TCM symptom scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05), and the changes in the observation group were greater than the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up, the TCM symptom scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 96.4% (27/28) in the observation group, which was superior to 88.9% (24/27) in the control group (P<0.05). There were 1 case of stoke in the observation group and 2 cases of stroke in the control group within 1-year follow-up, and there was no significant difference in the number of endpoints between the two groups within 1 year (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with CEA can effectively reduce the IMT in patients with CAS, improve the TCM symptom score, the efficacy is superior to simple CEA treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Carotid Stenosis/therapy , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Humans , Treatment Outcome
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 271-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922923

ABSTRACT

KRAS is one of the most frequently mutated human oncogenes. In spite of mounting efforts on the development of direct or indirect inhibition targeting KRAS, little has been achieved because of insurmountable difficulties, titling KRAS "undruggable". Recently, subtype-specific inhibitors have shown great hope. Some KRASG12C inhibitors have entered clinical trials, including adagrasib and sotorasib, and have shown preliminary clinical effectiveness. Experiences from the inhibitors targeting the downstream factors of RAS pathways show that the anticancer activity of these drugs will be limited due to the development of drug resistance. Preclinical studies of KRASG12C inhibitors have revealed that the application of these agents might be hampered by the drug resistance issue. The current review aims to describe the current status of KRASG12C inhibitors, and discuss the mechanisms underlying KRASG12C inhibitor resistance, so as to provide the clues for the combat of drug resistance.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 547-556, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922884

ABSTRACT

The abnormality of ubiquitin proteasome pathway is an important factor leading to the imbalance of protein homeostasis. In this process, the deubiquitinase responsible for removing the ubiquitin chain of protein substrate is very important. Its abnormal activity or expression can cause the functional changes of key oncogenic/tumor suppressor proteins, which directly or indirectly lead to the occurrence, development and malignant evolution of tumors. Based on this, the discovery and research of small molecule inhibitors targeting deubiquitinases have become a hot field of anti-tumor candidate drugs. This review will focus on the regulatory effect and mechanism of ubiquitin proteasome pathway, especially deubiquitinase on tumor, introduce the application of deubiquitinase small molecule inhibitors in tumor treatment, and discuss the research status and latest progress of small molecule inhibitors, so as to provide ideas for the research of new anti-tumor strategies based on deubiquitinase.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 673-676, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922875

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe the imaging features of optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)in the macular hemorrhage of pathologic myopia.METHODS:Designing a retrospective analysis collected clinical data of 100 patients(108 eyes)diagnosed as macular hemorrhage of pathological myopic in Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Eye Hospital from June 2016 to December 2020. All patients underwent refraction, eye axis,fundus photography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT), fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA), indocyanine green angiography(ICGA)and OCTA examination. All patients were divided into macular hemorrhage only with lacquer cracks and macular hemorrhage with choroidal neovascularization(CNV). All patients followed-up for more than 3mo by OCTA. RESULTS:There were 40 patients(42 eyes)diagnosed as macular hemorrhage only with lacquer cracks, OCTA showed bleed obscured by choroidal capillaries. After hemorrhage was being absorbed, lacquer cracks showed linear or stellate reflection completely in the choroidal capillary layer. B-scan image showed discontinuous retinal pigment epithelium(RPE), thinner choroid and an increased light. Penetrance into deeper tissues. After all macular hemorrhage only with lacquer cracks were absorbed, follow-up mode of OCTA found that 2 eyes(4.8%)without lacquer cracks, 28 eyes(66.7%)were linear and 12 eyes(28.6%)were stellate under the original hemorrhage. Follow-up mode also showed that 8 eyes of 8 patients(19.0%)relapsed macular hemorrhage only with lacquer cracks, and 4 eyes of 4 patients(9.5%)suffered secondary macular hemorrhage with CNV. There were 60 patients(66 eyes)diagnosed as macular hemorrhage with CNV,OCTA showed bleed obscured choroidal capillaries, the outer retinal and choroidal capillary layer also showed the shape of CNV around hemorrhage. B-scan showed CNV breaked through the RPE layer and blood flow signal in it. The area of CNV decreased after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)intravitreal injection treatment. Around all macular hemorrhage with CNV, OCTA found that 48 eyes(72.7%)had lacquer cracks, 28 eyes(42.4%)were linear and 20 eyes(30.3%)were stellate.CONCLUSION:OCTA has a great significance in the diagnosis of macular hemorrhage of pathological myopia, fast and non-invasive is the biggest advantage. Choroidal capillary layer can clearly observe the shape and location of hemorrhage,lacquer cracks and CNV. The follow-up mode can intuitively comprehend the changes of disease. To some extent, it can replace fundus angiography to directly judge the classification, and time to treat in the clinic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862722

ABSTRACT

The general epidemic characteristics of seven key human parasitic diseases in Hubei Province, including schistosomiasis, malaria, filariasis, kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis), soil-transmitted helminth infection, food-borne parasitic diseases, and echinococcosis, is reviewed in order to analyze the current epidemic situation and trend. At present, the epidemic of parasitic diseases has dropped to the lowest level in history in Hubei Province, but there still exists high risk of infections in some local areas. Along with the deepening of global economic integration and the implementation of the strategy of "the Belt and Road", and the expanding of dietary spectrum for human pursuing diversified material and cultural life, we are facing the transmission risk from imported parasitic diseases and rare parasitic diseases. Current monitoring efforts have been weakened due to the decline in work supporting measures. There will be potential risks of local outbreaks if an epidemic is not effectively controlled in time. It is recommended to maintain the multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism under the leadership of the government, further improve capacity building to ensure a capable and stable professional team for the prevention and control of parasitic diseases, and to increase the monitoring of parasitic diseases during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, so as to consolidate the achievements of parasitic disease prevention and control and promote the health of people in Hubei Province.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of intervention on oral health of pre-pregnancy women before and after oral health education. Methods:A total of 40 pre-pregnancy women were selected from the Reproductive Medicine Center of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University according to the inclusion criteria, general conditions, clinical evaluation of plaque and oral health education. Their oral health conditions were evaluated before and after oral health intervention. Results:Based on the oral health status survey, there were significant differences between before and after intervention (all P<0.001) in the following five items: “bleeding from brushing teeth”, “difficulty biting or chewing food”, “sensitivity of teeth or gums to cold, hot, or sweet stimuli”, "restriction of the type and amount of food eaten for dental reasons” and “medication for oral pain or discomfort”. There were significant differences between before and after intervention (all P<0.001) in four items of oral health care behavior including “How often do you brush your teeth?”, “How do you brush your teeth?”, “gargle after meals”, and “floss use or not” but showed no significant difference in toothbrush replacement (P=0.467). There were significant differences (all P<0.001) in five items of oral health knowledge including “periodontal disease can lead to premature delivery of newborns”, “periodontal disease can lead to low birth weight of newborns”, “need oral examination before pregnancy”, “pregnancy prone to oral diseases”, “mid-pregnancy is the best period for the treatment of oral diseases”. The oral plaque index before intervention was 5.47±1.08 and reduced to 4.37±0.94 after intervention (t=7.93, P=0.001). Conclusion:Through education intervention, the oral health status of pre-pregnancy women can be improved. The knowledge of oral health can be improved and the level of oral health care can be enhanced. Oral health intervention can effectively reduce the level of plaque in pre-pregnancy women and improve the efficiency of plaque clearance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912182

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) on the micro-structure of bone in older men. A retrospective study was conducted on data of patients over the age of 60 who were admitted to the Geriatric Department of Jiangsu People′s Hospital from June 2018 to January 2019. Patients were divided into control group (taking PPI for less than 1 week, 50 cases) and PPI treatment group (taking PPI for more than 3 months, 30 cases). Biochemical indexes, bone mineral density (BMD)and trabecular bone score (TBS) were analyzed. Compared with control group, the weight and albumin level in the PPI treatment group were lower, and the thyrotropin level was higher ( P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the BMD of femur or lumbar vertebrae between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the TBS of lumbar vertebrae in the PPI treatment group was significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Correlation analysis found that TBS was positively correlated with alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ( r=0.45, P=0.002) and body mass index ( r=0.164, P=0.045), and negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.291, P=0.025). Multiple linear regression model analysis showed that there was still a positive correlation between TBS and ALP ( β=0.437, P=0.023). In the elderly men, the use of PPI for more than 3 months can significantly affect the bone micro-structure, and the bone micro-structure can better reflect the adverse effect of PPI on bone than BMD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 582-585, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab in the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) .Methods:Clinical data were collected from 60 patients, who were diagnosed with CSU and received subcutaneous injections of omalizumab at a dose of 300 mg once every 4 weeks for 3 sessions in Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from March 2020 to September 2020, and retrospectively analyzed. At weeks 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12, urticaria activity score over 7 days (UAS7) and chronic urticaria quality of life (CU-Q2oL) score were used to evaluate clinical symptoms and quality of life of patients. Changes in the use of other drugs were evaluated before and after the treatment with omalizumab. Paired t test was used to compare UAS7 or CU-Q2oL score before and after treatment. Results:All the 60 CSU patients received 12 weeks of omalizumab treatment. The baseline UAS7 score was 22.37 ± 8.88 points; after one session of the treatment, the UAS7 score dropped to 2.01 ± 5.13 points, reaching the treatment plateau; at week 12, it dropped to 0.6 ± 2.63 points, and 0 point (complete control) in 93.3% of the patients, 1-6 points (favorable control) in 3.3%; the time required for UAS7 score to decrease to 0 point was 22.4 ± 3.2 days. The baseline CU-Q2oL score was 34.10 ± 15.01 points; after one session of the treatment, the CU-Q2oL score dropped to 2.41 ± 7.18 points, reaching the treatment plateau; at week 12, it was 0.56 ± 2.90 points; the time required for CU-Q2oL score to drop to 0 point was 21.15 ± 16.02 days. After the combination treatment with omalizumab, a gradual decrease in dosage or withdrawal of previous therapeutic drugs was realized. At week 12, 39 patients (65%) achieved complete control, and withdrew all therapeutic drugs except omalizumab. During the treatment and follow-up, omalizumab showed good safety, and no adverse reactions were observed.Conclusion:Omalizumab at a dose of 300 mg once every 4 weeks is markedly effective and safe for the treatment of CSU, providing a new treatment option for CSU patients with poor response to traditional therapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze research status and development trends in the field of health management in China from 2011 to 2020.Methods:“CNKI” was chosen as the data source, and “health management(precise)” was used as the search term, and a total of 13, 686 valid data were finally obtained. Frequency counts were used to tabulate the number of articles published in the field of health management from 2011 to 2020. CiteSpace software was used to analyze the cooperation of institutions, and to explore the research hotspots and development trends in the field of health management by institutions co-occurrence, keyword co-occurrence and clustering timeline map. Bicomb software and SPSS 26.0 software were used for multi-dimensional scale analysis of keywords to comprehensively reflect the core degree and maturity of research topics.Results:The amount of domestic health management research literature had shown an increasing trend from 2011 (804) to 2020 (2 044). The top 5 keywords in terms of frequency were “hypertension(611)” “diabetes(577)” “health education(485)” “community(460)” and “chronic diseases(457)”. “Elderly” “Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM health management)” and “Health management model” were the hot keywords and research trends of health management. There were 7 themes in the field of health management, namely “Construction and application of chronic diseases health management model” “Community health service and health management” “Health management in essential public health service” “Health management of the elderly” “Health management of Traditional Chinese Medicine” “Health examination and health management organization” “Health management based on big data and modern information technology”.Conclusions:A relatively close network of cooperation has been formed in the field of health management research and the number of articles has increased. The elderly, chronic disease and Traditional Chinese Medicine health management are the research trend. The construction and implementation of health management models, the integration of artificial intelligence and health management are the development trends in this field.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1318-1323, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter genicular artery embolization (GAE) for moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Methods:This prospective study included 13 patients (17 knees) with KOA who were treated with GAE from October 2020 to March 2021. The Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade was 2-3 for 11 knees, and 4 for 6 knees. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS) assessments were performed for all the subjects before operation. The success rate, clinical efficacy and complications were recorded after operation. Clinical outcomes were evaluated at 1 day, 1week and 1, 3, 6 months after the operation.Results:The success rate of GAE in 17 cases was 100%, and the success rate of target artery superselection was 98.4%(63/64). The baseline WOMAC pain score was 11(10, 13) and total score was 44(38, 58) for 17 knees. Post-operation follow-up WOMAC pain score were 4(3, 7), 2(1, 5), 2(1, 6) and 4(2, 6) at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months. Post-operation follow-up WOMAC total score were 22 (15, 34),20 (12, 24),17 (12, 26) and 20 (12, 31) at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months. There were 16 knees with 6 month follow-up assessment, with the WOMAC pain score of 2.5(2, 5), and the total score of 15(12, 26). Significant difference was found in the WOMAC pain score between baseline and the 1 day, 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months follow up ( Z=-3.631, -3.623, -3.622, -3.622, -3.532, all P<0.001); also, the total score was statistically significant different between the baseline and the 1 day, 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months follow up ( Z=-3.639, -3.634, -3.646, -3.527, -3.532, all P<0.001). At 3 months follow-up, there was 1 knee recognized clinical failure. Post-operative adverse reaction in this group included skin ecchymosis in femoral artery puncture area ( n=3), knee joint stiffness and pain within 1 week ( n=4),and clanging joints during postoperative activities ( n=6). Conclusion:GAE is a feasible and safe procedure with obvious short-term curative effect, which can alleviate pain symptoms and improve restricted movement in patients with KOA.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1082-1085, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of superior hypogastric nerve block (SHNB) in relieving pelvic pain after uterine artery embolization (UAE).Methods:Totally 50 patients of UAE before the curettage of uterine incision pregnancy were selected in Affiliated Zhenjiang Fourth People′s Hospital,Jiangsu University from February 2019 to December 2020 and were randomly divided into SHNB group( n=22) and control group( n=28) using random number table. The SHNB group underwent fluoroscopy-guided SHNB before UAE, and the control group received dizocine 10 mg intramuscularly before embolization. Both groups were treated with curettage 24 h after UAE. The pain scores were evaluated by using a numerical rating scale (NRS) to compare the pain scores between the two groups atthe time period A1 (from the beginning of UAE to immediate postoperative period) and at the time period A2 (from leaving the interventional operating room to the time before curettage). Data was recorded and compared between the two groups at the time period from the beginning of UAE surgery to the time before curettage for the doses of opioids used.The differences inage and weight between the two groups were compared by independent sample t test, and the NRS score and morphine dose were compared by Mann-whitney U test. Results:All patients completed SHNB and UAE without serious complications.There was no significant difference in age and weight between the two groups ( P>0.05).The maximum pain scores in the SHNB group were lower than those in the control group at both the A1 and A2 time periods[0(0, 0.25) vs. 3.00 (2.00, 4.00), and 2.50 (0.75, 5.50) vs. 4.00 (3.25, 7.00); Z=-4.932, -2.351, P<0.05]. The equivalent dose of morphine required in the SHNB group was lower than that of the control group [0(0, 10.00) vs. 10.00 (5.00, 15.00)mg, Z=-2.247, P=0.025]. Conclusion:Fluoroscopic-guided SHNB is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive way to reduce pain and the opiate dose after UAE.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888111

ABSTRACT

Compounds(1-6) were isolated and identified from 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of Cassia occidentalis through column chromatography with silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20. These compounds were identified as 7-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-2-oxopropyl)-2-methyl-4H-chromen-4-one(1), saccharonol A(2), S-6-hydroxymullein(3), 2-methyl-5-acetonyl-7-hydroxy-chromone(4), 2-(2'-hydroxypropyl)-5-methyl-7-hydroxychromone(5) and 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone(6) based on their physicochemical and spectroscopic data. Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and all the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. DPPH method was employed to determine the antioxidant activities of these compounds in vitro. Six compounds exhibited weak antioxidant activities.


Subject(s)
Chromones , Plant Leaves , Senna Plant , Spectrum Analysis
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1497-1508, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887087

ABSTRACT

Adulterants and counterfeits were found in some of the commercial traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) decoctions in Hongjin Xiaojie Jiaonang, Hongjin Xiaojie Pian, and Chaihuang Keli during the national drug sampling inspection. However, it was difficult to determine the species of the adulterants and counterfeits by conventional testing methods. Therefore, a total of 184 samples of the TCM decoctions and raw materials belong to the prescriptions of above mentioned traditional Chinese patent medicines, including Bupleuri Radix, Bajiaolian, Heimayi, and Shufuchong, were collected and authenticated by DNA barcoding technology. 111 ITS2 sequences were obtained from 115 commercial TCM decoctions and raw materials of Bupleuri Radix, among which 71 were Bupleurum chinense, three were B. scorzonerifolium, and 31 were closely related species in the same genus. In addition, counterfeits derived from different genera, such as Ailanthus altissima (one sample), Saposhnikovia divaricate (two samples), and Solidago decurrens (three samples), were also detected. 21 ITS2 sequences were obtained from 22 commercial TCM raw materials of Bajiaolian, among which 15 were Diphylleia sinensis and six were Dysosma versipellis and other species in genus Dysosma. For 22 Heimayi samples, PCR amplification of COI sequence was failed due to genomic DNA degradation. Among 38 Shufuchong samples, 24 COI sequences were obtained and only nine of them were the genuine species (Armadillidium vulgare) recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 11 were Porcellio laevis, two were Mongoloniscus sinensis, and two samples could not be identified due to the limitation of database. This study demonstrates that DNA barcoding technology is suitable for the species authentication of the decoctions of traditional Chinese patent medicine prescription. It is a conductive way for the establishment of traceability system for the whole TCM industrial chain.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1211-1216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887075

ABSTRACT

Pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 has seriously threatened human life and health worldwide and caused a large number of deaths. Viral infection and acute inflammation are important causes of death, so it is particularly important to combine antiviral therapy with anti-inflammatory therapy. Glycyrrhizic acid, the main component of the glycyrrhizic root extract, has a wide range of pharmacological effects as well as high efficiency and low toxicity, its preparation has been widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis and other diseases. Glycyrrhizic acid can regulate the expression and release of a variety of cytokines and play a significant anti-inflammatory effect. At the same time, glycyrrhizic acid also showed significant inhibition towards a variety types of viruses. Therefore, the potential application of glycyrrhizic acid as COVID-19 treatment should be explored.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886758

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), p38MAPK and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) protein in the liver specimens of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and to investigate the potential role of TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein in hepatic fibrosis caused by hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Methods A total of 20 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were enrolled as study subjects, and hepatic specimens were sampled from the sites within 0.5 cm (Group A) and 0.5 to 1.5 cm from hepatic alveolar echinococcosis lesions (Group B), while normal liver specimens sampled from the sites 2 cm and greater from hepatic alveolar echinococcosis lesions served as controls (Group C). The fibrosis of liver specimens was pathological examined using HE and Masson staining, and the expression of TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein was quantified in liver tissues using Western blotting. The associations of TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression with hepatic fibrosis were assessed. Results HE staining showed the malaligned structure of hepatocytes and destruction of the structure of hepatic lobules at various degrees in liver specimens in groups A and B, with hepatocyte degeneration, atrophy and necrosis, hyperplasia of fibrous tissues and eosinophilic granulocyte infiltration seen, while no abnormal pathological alterations of liver tissues, normal hepatocyte structure and morphology and uniform size, no malaligned structure of hepatocytes, clear structure of hepatic lobules, no or mild hepatocyte degeneration or necrosis, and no eosinophilic granulocyte infiltration were seen in Group C. Masson staining showed that there was hyperplasia of multiple fibrous connective tissues in the liver portal areas in groups A and B, with fibrosis seen in hepatic lobules, while no obvious pathological changes were seen in Group C. There were significant differences seen in TGF-β1 (P < 0.001), p38MAPK (P < 0.01) and BMP-7 protein (P < 0.05) expression in liver tissues in groups A, B and C, and higher TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression was quantified in groups A and B than in Group C (all P values < 0.05), while greater TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression was detected in Group B than in Group C (all P values < 0.05). The expression of TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein correlated positively with the severity of hepatic fibrosis (r = 0.866, 0.702 and 0.801, all P values < 0.05), and there were significant differences in TGF-β1 (F = 72.580, P < 0.01), p38MAPK (χ2 = 31.705, P < 0.01) and BMP-7 protein expression (χ2 = 48.388, P < 0.01) among liver tissues with different degrees of fibrosis. The TGF-β1 protein expression correlated positively with p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression (r = 0.607 and 0.702, both P values < 0.001), and the BMP-7 protein expression also correlated positively with p38MAPK protein expression (r = 0.456, P < 0.001). Conclusion The interaction among TGF-β1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 jointly participates in the development of hepatic fibrosis induced hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1052-1055, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886323

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between drinking behavior and self injury behavior in adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 9 247 students from 4 middle schools were investigated. Drinking behavior and self injury behavior were collected from questionnaire survey. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between drinking behavior and self injury behavior.@*Results@#Among the 9 247 middle school students, 52.8% reported ever drinking, 24.9% reported drinking behavior in the past 30 days, and 14.6% reported been drunk in the past year. The average age of drinking for the first time was 12.47±3.05. About 47.2% of the participants had self injury behavior. Male with younger drinking age ( OR =1.52), had been drunken ( OR =1.35) and frequent drinking ( OR =1.54) increased the incidence of self injury. Female reported drinking at younger age ( OR =1.69), had been drunk ( OR =1.82) and lived in cities and towns ( OR =1.20) had a higher risk of self injury.@*Conclusion@#Drinking at younger age, heavy and frequent drinking are associated with higher risk of self injury in adolescents in sex specific fashion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886084

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the application value of spacial clusters detection of human schistosomiasis epidemic,based on small scale level in heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province,China. Methods Positive results of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80,and positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination from 2016 to 2018 as research object in Songzi County.The flexible irregular space scan statistics was used to analyse the spatial clustering analysis of human schistosomiasis epidemic in the heavy mountainous and hilly endemic areas, setting parameter K=2 ,K=6 or K=10, respectively,based on small scale of village level in Songzi County. Results There was none positive schistosomiasis cases of fecal examination in Songzi County from 2016 to 2018.The number of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 were  74, 206, 83, from 2016 to 2018,respectively.There was spatial clusters of positive of human serological detection antibody titer equal or above 80 for schistosomiasis cases in the county from 2016-2018. Areas of flexible irregular space scan statistic in cluster detection changing with the change of different K values. Under different parameters of flexible irregular space scan statistic results show that the most likely cluster of 40 endemic villages in three towns,inculding Laocheng town,Chendian town and Wangjiaqiao town were the prominent. Conclusion There are spatial clusters of human schistosomiasis based on small scale of village level by flexible irregular space scan statistic in mountainous and hilly endemic areas, Songzi County,Hubei Province.Therefore,the monitoring and control of schistosomiasis should be consolidated in the future,in order to achieve schistosomiasis elimination in Hubei Province at an early date.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 193-197,202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis for early cervical cancer.Methods:Retrospectively analyze the preoperative PET/CT examination results and postoperative pathological results of patients with early cervical cancer who underwent surgical treatment from May 5, 2019 to August 31, 2020, and analyze the clinical characteristics, so as to explore the high risk factors of PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis.Results:The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC) of PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis were 75.2%, 60.0%, 81.3% and 0.707, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that 2009 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, tumor diameter >4 cm, lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI) positive, depth of invasion, high squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) level and cytological grade were important factors for PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis ( P<0.05); Multivariate analysis showed that tumor diameter >4 cm was an independent risk factor for PET/CT diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis ( P=0.015). Conclusions:PET/CT has a certain diagnostic value in the evaluation of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, but it can not fully reflect the facticity of lymph node metastasis; tumor diameter > 4cm is an independent risk factor for PET/CT in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL