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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879048

ABSTRACT

To study phenylpropanoids from Eleocharis dulcis and their hepatoprotective activities. The compounds were separated and purified from ethyl acetate part by conventional column chromatography and preparative liquid chromatography, and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques. The HL-7702 cells damage model of hepatocytes induced by APAP was used to screen and evaluate the hepatoprotective activities of these compounds. Sixteen compounds were isolated from ethyl acetate part of E. dulcis, and their structures were identified as 6'-(4″-hydroxy-3″-methoxy-phenylpropenyl)-1-(10-methoxy-phenylacetone)-1'-O-β-D-glucopy-ranoside(1), susaroyside A(2), clausenaglycoside B(3), clausenaglycoside C(4), clausenaglycoside D(5), emarginone A(6), emarginone B(7), thoreliin B(8), 4-O-(1',3'-dihydroxypropan-2'-yl)-dihydroconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(9), 2-[4-(3-methoxy-1-propenyl)-2-methoxy-phenoxy]-propane-1,3-diol(10), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(11), methyl 3-(2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethoxyphenyl) propanoate(12), clausenaglycoside A(13), 9-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-coniferin(14), 6'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(15), 2'-O-(E-cinnamoyl)-syringin(16). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2-16 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Among them, compounds 2 and 8 showed certain hepatoprotective activities.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Eleocharis , Hepatocytes , Plant Extracts
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879485

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with Pallister-killian syndrome (PKS).@*METHODS@#The fetus was found to have limb malformations at 23rd gestational week. With informed consent from its parents, amniotic fluid sample was taken from the fetus and subjected to chromosomal karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay.@*RESULTS@#G-banding analysis suggested the fetus has a mos47,XY,+mar[55]/46,XY[10] karyotype. CMA analysis of the cultured amniocytes with CytoScan 750K microarray revealed a segmental tetrasomy duplication of 12p13.33p11.1. FISH confirmed a 70% mosaicism of tetrasomy 12p in the metaphase amniocytes with 12pter/12qter probes.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined use of G-banding karyotyping, CMA and FISH analysis has enabled diagnosis of PKS in the fetus. Although short limb is a common feature of PKS, unequal femur length has not been reported previously, which has expanded the spectrum of PKS-associated limb abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12/genetics , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Mosaicism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 505-513, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may be viable targets for treating renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY), a traditional Chinese compound herbal medicine, is often used in China to treat fibrosis. This study sought to assess the mechanisms through which FZHY influences miRNAs to treat RIF.@*METHODS@#RIF was induced in rats by mercury chloride and treated with FZHY. Hydroxyproline content, Masson's staining and type I collagen expression were used to evaluate renal collagen deposition. Renal miRNA profiles were evaluated using a miRNA microarray. Those miRNAs that were differentially expressed following FZHY treatment were identified and subjected to bioinformatic analyses. The miR-21 target gene phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression and AKT phosphorylation in kidney tissues were assessed via Western blotting. In addition, HK-2 human proximal tubule epithelial cells were treated using angiotensin II (Ang-II) to induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), followed by FZHY exposure. miR-21 and PTEN expressions were evaluated via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), while E-cadherin and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expressions were assessed by immunofluorescent staining and qRT-PCR. Western blotting was used to assess PTEN and AKT phosphorylation.@*RESULTS@#FZHY significantly decreased kidney collagen deposition, hydroxyproline content and type I collagen level. The miRNA microarray identified 20 miRNAs that were differentially expressed in response to FZHY treatment. Subsequent bioinformatic analyses found that miR-21 was the key fibrosis-related miRNA regulated by FZHY. FZHY also decreased PTEN expression and AKT phosphorylation in fibrotic kidneys. Results from in vitro tests also suggested that FZHY promoted E-cadherin upregulation and inhibited α-SMA expression in Ang-II-treated HK-2 cells, effectively reversing Ang-II-mediated EMT. We also determined that FZHY reduced miR-21 expression, increased PTEN expression and decreased AKT phosphorylation in these cells.@*CONCLUSION@#miR-21 is the key fibrosis-related miRNA regulated by FZHY. The ability of FZHY to modulate miR-21/PTEN/AKT signaling may be a viable approach for treating RIF.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816351

ABSTRACT

The anatomic relationship between bile duct and portal vein/hepatic artery is complicated in perihilar region. As perihilar surgery is technically demanding, both surgical safety and long-term outcome are not satisfactory. Under the guidance of precision surgery, three kinds of technique,including visualization, quantitation and controlization, are focused. Meanwhile, three principles including vessel priority,bleeding control and limit point control are introduced to improve the development of perihilar surgery. In addition,some new types of operation are potentially important and warranted in the near future.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1666-1672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The detection of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome at early stage is challenging for neurologists. Since polyneuropathy could be the first manifestation, it could be misdiagnosed as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The present study aimed to determine the clinical and electrophysiological features of POEMS syndrome to distinguish from CIDP.@*METHODS@#The data of a group of patients with POEMS (n = 17) and patients with CIDP (n = 17) in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from January 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed in this retrospective study. The clinical features, neurological symptoms, and electrophysiological findings were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Clinically, patients with POEMS demonstrated significantly more neuropathic pain in the lower extremities than patients with CIDP (58.8% vs. 11.8%, P = 0.01). Multisystem features like edema, skin change, organomegaly, and thrombocytosis were also pointed towards the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Electrophysiologically, terminal latency index (TLI) was significantly higher in patients with POEMS than that in patients with CIDP (median nerve: 0.39 [0.17-0.52] vs. 0.30 (0.07-0.69), Z = -2.413, P = 0.016; ulnar nerve: 0.55 [0.23-0.78] vs. 0.42 [0.12-0.70], Z = -2.034, P = 0.042). Patients with POEMS demonstrated a higher frequency of absent compound muscle action potential of the tibial nerve (52.9% vs. 17.6%, P = 0.031), less conduction block (ulnar nerve: 0 vs. 35.3%, P = 0.018), and less temporal dispersion (median nerve: 17.6% vs. 58.8%, P = 0.032) than CIDP group. The combination of positive serum monoclonal protein and high TLI (if either one or both were present) discriminated POEMS from CIDP with a sensitivity of 94.1% and 47.1% and specificity of 76.5% and 100.0%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#POEMS syndrome could be distinguished from CIDP through typical clinical and electrophysiological characteristics in practice. The combination of serum monoclonal protein and high TLI might raise the sensitivity of detecting POEMS syndrome.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1305-1313, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, is an aggressive entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors. The International Prognostic Index is reported to be prognostically meaningful for ENKTL, but lacks discriminatory power for stage I/II ENKTL with extensive local invasion. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effects of local invasion by site and tissue type in patients with ENKTL.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed data of 86 patients who were diagnosed with ENKTL by the Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from June 2002 to April 2016, and ascertained tumor infiltration of adjacent structures (AS), bone, and soft tissue for each patient, using physical findings and imaging scans. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to assess the association of each involved tissue or site with patients' overall survival (OS).@*RESULTS@#Of the 86 patients, 71 (82.6%) experienced invasion of AS, 22 (25.6%) of soft tissue, and 26 (30.2%) had bone involvement. Overall, patients with AS involvement did not show significantly shorter survival than those without AS involvement (Log rank χ = 1.177, P = 0.278); however, patients who had involved eyeballs or brains showed significantly lower 2-year OS rates than those without eyeball involvement (Log rank χ = 4.105, P = 0.043) or brain involvement (Log rank χ = 7.126, P = 0.008). Patients with involved local soft tissue or bones, respectively, showed lower 2-year OS rates than those without involved local soft tissue (Log rank χ = 10.390, P = 0.001) or bones (Log rank χ = 8.993, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that involvement of the cheek or facial muscles (hazard ratio, HR = 5.471, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.466-20.416, P = 0.011) and the maxilla bone (HR = 6.120, 95% CI: 1.517-24.694, P = 0.011) were significantly independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Imaging can accurately detect ENKTL invasion of AS, soft tissue, and bone. Involvement of local soft tissue or bone was significantly associated with lower 2-year OS rates. Involvements of the cheek or facial muscle, as well as maxilla bone, are independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates in ENKTL patients.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1666-1672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802624

ABSTRACT

Background@#The detection of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome at early stage is challenging for neurologists. Since polyneuropathy could be the first manifestation, it could be misdiagnosed as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The present study aimed to determine the clinical and electrophysiological features of POEMS syndrome to distinguish from CIDP.@*Methods@#The data of a group of patients with POEMS (n = 17) and patients with CIDP (n = 17) in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from January 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed in this retrospective study. The clinical features, neurological symptoms, and electrophysiological findings were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#Clinically, patients with POEMS demonstrated significantly more neuropathic pain in the lower extremities than patients with CIDP (58.8% vs. 11.8%, P = 0.01). Multisystem features like edema, skin change, organomegaly, and thrombocytosis were also pointed towards the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Electrophysiologically, terminal latency index (TLI) was significantly higher in patients with POEMS than that in patients with CIDP (median nerve: 0.39 [0.17–0.52] vs. 0.30 (0.07–0.69), Z = –2.413, P = 0.016; ulnar nerve: 0.55 [0.23–0.78] vs. 0.42 [0.12–0.70], Z = –2.034, P = 0.042). Patients with POEMS demonstrated a higher frequency of absent compound muscle action potential of the tibial nerve (52.9% vs. 17.6%, P = 0.031), less conduction block (ulnar nerve: 0 vs. 35.3%, P = 0.018), and less temporal dispersion (median nerve: 17.6% vs. 58.8%, P = 0.032) than CIDP group. The combination of positive serum monoclonal protein and high TLI (if either one or both were present) discriminated POEMS from CIDP with a sensitivity of 94.1% and 47.1% and specificity of 76.5% and 100.0%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#POEMS syndrome could be distinguished from CIDP through typical clinical and electrophysiological characteristics in practice. The combination of serum monoclonal protein and high TLI might raise the sensitivity of detecting POEMS syndrome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802444

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia, with a high incidence and many complications. It has become an increasingly serious public health problem in the world, and has seriously affected the quality of life. Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway is the main pathway of insulin signal transmission and the main signal channel for regulating blood glucose. The abnormal signal molecule of PI3K/Akt may cause abnormal signal transduction pathway, so as to impact the proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and invasion of the corresponding tissues and organs, and lead to the occurrence of disease. Study of PI3K/Akt signal channel has a positive significance for investigating whether traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has a definite and stable hypoglycemic effect. Currently, there are many TCM and Western medicines to treat diabetes, however, most drugs, especially Western medicines, have a relatively poor effect in controlling complications. To understand the progress of TCM in treatment of diabetes, in expectation of better studying the comprehensive therapeutic effect and mechanism of TCM on diabetes, and further developing the multi-target, multi-way and multi-channel advantages and features of TCM in the treatment of diabetes, this paper focuses on a systematic analysis on the progress of in vivo and in vitro studies on DM based on PI3K/Akt signaling channel in recent years, including the effect of the signaling channel on insulin secretion, the three main target organs of insulin (liver, skeletal muscle and fat), and its effect on the four main complications of diabetes (brain, kidney, heart, testis), and also provides certain ideas and guidance for the study of hypoglycemic mechanism of TCM monomer, TCM and compound medicine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801929

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Erxian decoction on peri-menopausal cardiac electrophysiology in rats. Method: Female sprague-dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups:sham operation group, model group, estradiol valerate group, and low, medium and high-dose Erxian decoction groups. Except the sham operation group, the rats in the other groups were completely removed from the ovarian replication peri-menopausal rat model. At the same time, estradiol valerate group (8×10-4 g·kg -1·d-1), low-dose Erxian decoction group (4 g·kg-1·d-1), middle-dose Erxian decoction group (8 g·kg-1·d-1) and high-dose Erxian decoction group (12 g·kg-1·d-1), sham operation group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline. The administration was given once a day for 80 consecutive days. The electrocardiogram of rats was recorded by biosignal detector connected to lead Ⅱ electrode. The content of estradiol (E2) in rat serum was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). The pathological changes of rat uterus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin. The expression of the estrogen alpha receptor (ERα) protein was detected by Western blot method in myocardial tissue of rat. Result: Compared with the sham operation group, the amplitudes of P wave, R wave and T wave in the electrocardiogram of the model group were significantly decreased (P2 level was significantly lower (Pα receptor protein in myocardial tissue was significantly decreased (P2 level (Pα receptor protein (PConclusion: Erxian decoction can improve cardiac electrophysiological changes in peri-menopausal rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of estrogen activity and estrogen receptor expression in rats.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1305-1313, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800846

ABSTRACT

Background@#Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, is an aggressive entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors. The International Prognostic Index is reported to be prognostically meaningful for ENKTL, but lacks discriminatory power for stage I/II ENKTL with extensive local invasion. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic effects of local invasion by site and tissue type in patients with ENKTL.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed data of 86 patients who were diagnosed with ENKTL by the Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital from June 2002 to April 2016, and ascertained tumor infiltration of adjacent structures (AS), bone, and soft tissue for each patient, using physical findings and imaging scans. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to assess the association of each involved tissue or site with patients’ overall survival (OS).@*Results@#Of the 86 patients, 71(82.6%) experienced invasion of AS, 22(25.6%) of soft tissue, and 26(30.2%) had bone involvement. Overall, patients with AS involvement did not show significantly shorter survival than those without AS involvement (Log rank χ2 = 1.177, P = 0.278); however, patients who had involved eyeballs or brains showed significantly lower 2-year OS rates than those without eyeball involvement (Log rank χ2 = 4.105, P = 0.043) or brain involvement (Log rank χ2 = 7.126, P = 0.008). Patients with involved local soft tissue or bones, respectively, showed lower 2-year OS rates than those without involved local soft tissue (Log rank χ2 = 10.390, P = 0.001) or bones (Log rank χ2 = 8.993, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis showed that involvement of the cheek or facial muscles (hazard ratio, HR = 5.471, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.466–20.416, P = 0.011) and the maxilla bone (HR = 6.120, 95% CI: 1.517–24.694, P = 0.011) were significantly independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates.@*Conclusions@#Imaging can accurately detect ENKTL invasion of AS, soft tissue, and bone. Involvement of local soft tissue or bone was significantly associated with lower 2-year OS rates. Involvements of the cheek or facial muscle, as well as maxilla bone, are independent predictors of lower 2-year OS rates in ENKTL patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800094

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the application of combinatorial probe anchor synthesis (cPAS)-based high-throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing in chromosomal aberration detection in spontaneous miscarriage.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to May 2017, spontaneous miscarriage samples were collected from Inner Mongolia Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. Those samples were further analyzed with two independent methods, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and low coverage whole genome sequencing on the BGISEQ-500 high-throughput platform. The performance of low coverage whole genome sequencing was assessed by comparing to FISH results.@*Results@#In 595 spontaneous miscarried specimens, low coverage whole genome sequencing revealed 144 cases (24.2%, 144/595) chromosomal abnormalities, of which a subset of 137 cases (23.0%, 137/595) were detected as aneuploidies, 2 cases (0.3%, 2/595) as mosaicisms and 5 cases (0.8%, 5/595) as copy number variation (≥5 Mb).@*Conclusion@#cPAS-based high-throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing is a reliable method in detecting chromosomal aberrations inspontaneous abortion tissues, including chromosome aneuploidies, mosaicisms and copy number variation (≥5 Mb).

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905617

ABSTRACT

For the low-risk or stable patients with acute myocardial infarction post percutaneous coronary intervention, compared with moderate-intensity continuous training, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) can better enhance aerobic capacity and protect the cardiovascular system by significantly lowering the inflammatory response, improving endothelial function as well as reversing the progress of ventricular remodeling. HIIT is safety and the patients are more compliant. However, further research is needed on the application of high-risk patients. The standard protocol of HIIT according to the risk stratification also requires further discussion.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851385

ABSTRACT

Due to the complex chemical compositions and various types, alkaloids are widely existed in various genera of Orchidaceae plants. Most of the alkaloids have anti-inflammatory, antitumor, hyperglycemic, cytotoxic and other biological activities. In this paper, the distribution, types, structures, and pharmacological action of alkaloids in Orchidaceae plants were reviewed, which provides a theoretical reference for the structure type, structure analysis, and biological activity of alkaloids in Orchidaceae plants.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824465

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of combinatorial probe anchor synthesis (cPAS)?based high?throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing in chromosomal aberration detection in spontaneous miscarriage. Methods From September 2015 to May 2017, spontaneous miscarriage samples were collected from Inner Mongolia Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital. Those samples were further analyzed with two independent methods, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and low coverage whole genome sequencing on the BGISEQ?500 high?throughput platform. The performance of low coverage whole genome sequencing was assessed by comparing to FISH results. Results In 595 spontaneous miscarried specimens, low coverage whole genome sequencing revealed 144 cases (24.2%, 144/595) chromosomal abnormalities, of which a subset of 137 cases (23.0%, 137/595) were detected as aneuploidies, 2 cases (0.3%, 2/595) as mosaicisms and 5 cases (0.8%, 5/595) as copy number variation (≥5 Mb). Conclusion cPAS?based high?throughput low coverage whole genome sequencing is a reliable method in detecting chromosomal aberrations inspontaneous abortion tissues, including chromosome aneuploidies, mosaicisms and copy number variation (≥5 Mb).

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 615-619, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341989

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia are responsible for more than 80% of dementia cases. These two conditions share common risk factors including hypertension. Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is strongly associated with both hypertension and cognitive impairment. In this review, we identify the pathophysiological changes in CSVD that are caused by hypertension and further explore the relationship between CSVD and cognitive impairment.</p><p><b>Data Sources</b>We searched and scanned the PubMed database for recently published literatures up to December 2017. We used the keywords of "hypertension", "cerebral small vessel disease", "white matter lesions", "enlarged perivascular spaces", "lacunar infarcts", "cerebral microbleeds", and "cognitive impairment" in the database of PubMed.</p><p><b>Study Selection</b>Articles were obtained and reviewed to analyze the hypertension-induced pathophysiological changes that occur in CSVD and the correlation between CSVD and cognitive impairment.</p><p><b>Results</b>In recent years, studies have demonstrated that hypertension-related changes (e.g., small vascular lesions, inflammatory reactions, hypoperfusion, oxidative stress, damage to autoregulatory processes and the blood-brain barrier, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy) can occur over time in cerebral small vessels, potentially leading to lower cognitive function when blood pressure (BP) control is poor or lacking. Both isolated and co-occurrent CSVD can lead to cognitive deterioration, and this effect may be attributable to a dysfunction in either the cholinergic system or the functionality of cortical and subcortical tracts.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>We explore the currently available evidence about the hypertensive vasculopathy and inflammatory changes that occur in CSVD. Both are vital prognostic indicators of the development of cognitive impairment. Future studies should be performed to validate the relationship between BP levels and CSVD progression and between the numbers, volumes, and anatomical locations of CSVD and cognitive impairment.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695060

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the clinicopathological features of sinonasal primary secretory carcinoma (SC) and its diagnosis, differential diagnosis. Methods Two cases of sin-nasal SC were analyzed by light microscopy with immunohisto-chemical staining (EnVision) for CK, vimentin, S-100 protein, SOX10, PAS, DPAS, Mamaglobin, Calponin, DOG1, p63 and molecular detection of ETV6 gene break. Results Morphologically, SC revealed varying proportions of solid, tubular, acinar, microcystic, tubular growth patterns. All SC cases were cytological low grade with uniform cells, small-to medium-sizes nuclei, occasional small nucleoli, and abundant pink, bubbly cytoplasm. Mitotic figures were rarely encountered. Tumor cells secreted eosinophilic, colloid-like secretions that were PAS positive. There were no DPAS positive zymogen granules in cyto-plasm. This tumor cells were CK, vimentin, S-100, SOX10, PAS positive and Mamaglobin, Calponin and p63 negative. The ETV6 gene rearrangement was confirmed in all cases by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). After excision, all two patients were survival without tumor recurrence for 41 months and53 months. Conclusion Sinonasal primary SC is a low grade malignant tumor. The histological features of SC are overlap with other salivary gland tumors. Immunohistochemical analysis and FISH are useful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

17.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1059-1063, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703925

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study was designed to assess whether measurement of the index of microvascular resistance (IMR) before and following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could help identify patients who develop periprocedural myocardial infarction (PPMI). Methods: 54 patients with stable coronary artery disease undergoing elective PCI were divided into PPMI group and no-PPMI group. IMR and FFR was measured before and following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with a pressure wire. Times of balloon inflation was also analyzed. hs-TnI at 24 h post PCI was measured. rPIMR value was calculated. Results: IMR obtained at pre-PCI and post-PCI as well as rPIMR were significantly higher in PPMI patients than in no-PPMI patients (22.02±2.92 vs 17.46±3.44, 25.86±3.04 vs 18.96±2.84, 1.22±0.21 vs 0.94±0.24, all P<0.05, respectively). Patients with PPMI more frequently underwent pre- and post-dilatation(70.8% vs 36.7%, 54.2% vs 23.3%, P<0.05), respectively, the number of balloon inflations was significantly higher in patients with PPMI than in no-PPMI patients (4.33±1.79 vs 3.20±1.63, P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve for predicting PPMI event by pre-PCI IMR was 0.941 (95%CI: 0.884-0.998, P<0.05), cut-off value was 19.91 (sensitivity: 95.8% and specificity: 77.0%). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that pre- and post-PCI IMR, rPIMR were positively correlated with PPMI (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Measuring IMR and rPIMR may allow prospective identification of patients at increased risk of PPMI.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300426

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the significance of flexible bronchoscopy in children with respiratory diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 80 children who were hospitalized due to respiratory diseases (including severe pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis/lung consolidation/local emphysema, protracted pneumonia, coughing and wheezing of unknown cause, chronic cough of unknown cause, and laryngeal stridor) and who underwent flexible bronchoscopy/alveolar lavage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bronchoscopy found that all the 80 children had endobronchial inflammation, among whom 28 children had severe airway obstruction by secretion. Twenty-four children had congenital airway dysplasia besides endobronchial inflammation, and three children had bronchial foreign bodies. In the children with coughing and wheezing of unknown cause and laryngeal stridor, some had congenital airway dysplasia or bronchial foreign bodies. Among the 27 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, 26 had severe airway obstruction/embolization by secretion; 25 children (93%) underwent chest imaging again at 2 weeks after alveolar lavage, and the results showed complete or partial lung recruitment. Among the 80 children who underwent bronchoscopy, 3 had severe hypoxemia during surgery, 1 had epistaxis, 1 had minor bleeding during alveolar lavage, 3 had transient bronchospasm, and 5 had postoperative fever; these children were all improved after symptomatic treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Flexible bronchoscopy is safe and reliable in children with respiratory diseases. Early alveolar lavage under a flexible bronchoscope is recommended for children with severe/refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia to improve prognosis. Flexible bronchoscopy is recommended for children with recurrent coughing and wheezing and persistent laryngeal stridor, in order to directly observe the throat and airway under an endoscope.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchoscopy , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Cough , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Infant , Lung Diseases , Diagnosis , Male , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Diagnosis , Respiratory Sounds , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614532

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To analyze the clinical significance of serial microproteinuria and urease detection in early diagnosis of antibiotics damage to kidney by observing the changes of urine microalbumin/creatinine ratio (mAlb/Cr),transferrin (TRF),IgG,α1-microglobulin (α1-M G),β2-microglobulin (β2-M G),retinol-binding pmtein(RBP) and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase(NAG).Methods A total of 161 children with pneumonia whose test results were normal of urine protein,blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr),and had no related history of kidney diseases were selected.All the patients were divided into three groups according to antibiotics for the treatment,the penicillins (penicillin G,amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate,ticarcillin and potassium clavulanate) group,the cephalosporins (cefazolin,cefuroxime,ceftriaxone,cefoperazone,ceftazidime) group and the macrolides (erythromycin,azithromycin) group.Changes of mAlb/Cr,TRF,IgG,α1-MG,β2-MG,RBP,NAG,BUN,Scr levels of the patients one week before and after use the antibiotics were observed,and statistically analyzed.Results In the penicillins group and macrolides group,the results showed that none of the serial microproteinuria and urease changed(all P > 0.05).In the cephalosporins group,the urine mAlb/Cr,TRF,β2-MG and NAG were higher than before using the antibiotics [(15.56 ± 5.98) mg/g vs.(21.08 ± 10.88) mg/g,(1.61 ± 0,14)mg/L vs.(1.66 ±0.14) mg/L,(0.25 ±0.09)mg/L vs.(0.28 ±0.11)mg/L,(4.62 ±3.80) U/L vs.(4.98 ±3.97) U/L,t =-5.11,-3.24,-2.29,-2.04,P < 0.05 ~ 0.001].The levels of BUN and Scr revealed no change in all the patients(all P > 0.05).Conclusion Combined detection of serial microproteinuria and urease has great clinical significance in judgment and warning of early renal damage by antibiotics.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131730

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop a simple and reliable rat model of in situ reversible obstructive jaundice with low morbidity and mortality rates. METHODS: Rats were divided into 4 groups with 8 rats each: the sham-operated (SH) group only underwent laparotomy, the control internal drainage (ID-C) group underwent choledochoduodenostomy, the new internal drainage (ID-N) group and the long-term internal drainage (ID-L) group underwent choledochocholedochostomy. Common bile duct ligation was performed in all the drainage groups 7 days before reversal procedures. All rats were sacrificed for samples 7 days after the last operation except rats of the ID-L group that survived 28 days before sacrifice. Body weight, liver function, histopathological changes, morbidity and mortality were assessed. RESULTS: One rat died and 2 rats had complications with tube blockage in the ID-C group. No death or complications occurred in the ID-N and ID-L groups. The drainage tube remained patent in the long-term observation ID-L group. Body weight showed no significant difference between the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage. Liver function was not fully recovered in the ID-C and ID-N groups after 7 days drainage, but statistical differences were only observed in the ID-C group compared with the SH and ID-L groups. Periportal inflammation and bile duct proliferation showed severer in the ID-C group than in the ID-N group. CONCLUSION: The present study provided an efficient, simple, and reliable rat model that is especially suitable for long-term or consecutive studies of reversible obstructive jaundice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Ducts , Body Weight , Choledochostomy , Common Bile Duct , Drainage , Inflammation , Jaundice, Obstructive , Laparotomy , Ligation , Liver , Models, Animal , Mortality , Rats
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