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Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 321-323, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789321


[ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of anaphylactic rash after vaccination in Ouhai District of Wenzhou City during 2008-2013. [ Methods ] Data on anaphylactic rash cases reported during 2008-2013 were collected through the national AEFI information management system.And descriptive epidemiologic methodology was used in this study. [ Results] A total of 111 anaphylactic rash cases were reported in Ouhai District during 2008-2013,the reported incidence rate of anaphylactic rash were 3.58 per million doses.The ratio of male-female was 1.27:1.Cases of ≤1 year old accounted for 65.77%.Those without fever accounted for 75.68%.The number of the reports for the third quarter of the year accounted for 41.44%of the total.The cases of anaphylactic rash mostly occurred within 24 h after immunization(81.08%) .The top three vaccines reported in occurrence of rash were measles and rubella at-tenuated live vaccine(35.14%), diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis combined vaccine(18.92%), and A(H1N1)influenza vaccine(5.41%).The reported rates for the top three vaccines were 115.85, 29.33,13.07 per million doses for 7-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine,measles and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine, A(H1N1) influenza vaccine,respectively. [Conclusion] Differential diagnosis of anaphylactic rashes needs to be more stressed.Most anaphylactic rash were reported in the expected range,but still monitoring analysis on incidence of allergic rash should be enhanced.Vac-cines with higher incidence of rash reported should be further studied and analyzed.