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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the significance of lymphocytes in systemic sclerosis (SSc), by detecting the levels of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells, and analyzing the correlation between the lymphocytes and clinical laboratory indexes.@*METHODS@#The numbers and proportion of T, CD4+T, CD8+T, B, and NK cells were detected by flow cytometry in peripheral blood of 32 SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs and 30 healthy controls (HC). The comparison of the lymphocyte subsets in SSc with them in the HC groups, and the correlation between the lymphocytes and other clinical and laboratory indicators were analyzed by the relevant statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the HC group, the numbers of T, CD4+T, CD8+T, and NK cells in peripheral blood of SSc group, who had taken immunosuppressive drugs, were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). More-over, the proportion of NK cells in peripheral blood of the SSc group was also significantly lower than that in the HC group (P=0.004). In addition, all the lymphocyte subsets were decreased in peripheral blood of more than 65% of the SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs. Compared with CD4+T normal group, the positivity of Raynaud's phenomenon, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly increased in CD4+T reduction group, respectively (P=0.024, P < 0.001, P=0.018). ESR was higher in CD8+T reduction group than CD8+T normal group (P=0.022). The prevalence of fingertip ulcer was significantly increased in B cell decrease group (P=0.019). Compared with NK cell normal group, the prevalence of fingertip ulcer was significantly increased in NK cell lower group (P=0.033), IgM was remarkablely decreased yet (P=0.049). The correlation analysis showed that ESR was negatively correlated with the counts of T lymphocytes (r=-0.455, P=0.009), CD4+T lymphocytes (r=-0.416, P=0.018), CD8+T lymphocytes (r=-0.430, P=0.014), B cells (r=-0.366, P=0.039).@*CONCLUSION@#The number of CD4+T, CD8+T, B, and NK cells significantly decreased in peripheral blood of SSc patients who had used immunosuppressive drugs, some lymphocyte subsets might be related with Raynaud's phenomenon and fingertip ulcer, and reflected the disease activity by negatively correlated with ESR and CRP; the numbers of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood should be detected regularly in SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Subsets , Scleroderma, Systemic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) expressed on B10 cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to evaluate the correlation between RANKL-producing B10 cells in RA and clinical features and laboratory parameters, trying to reveal the possible role of B10 cells in the pathogenesis of RA and the potential mechanism of impaired immunosuppressive capacities.@*METHODS@#25 RA patients and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled. These RA patients did not received treatment with glucocorticoids, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug and biologics during the recent half of a year. The levels of RANKL-producing B10 cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The correlation between the frequencies of RANKL-producing B10 cells in RA and clinical data, laboratory parameters were analyzed. The role of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in inducing RANKL expression in B10 cells was evaluated by in vitro stimulation assay. Independent samples t test, Pearson and Spearman correlation were used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#B10 cells were capable of producing RANKL at a low level in health controls. The frequencies of RANKL-producing B10 cells were markedly higher in RA patients than in health controls (3.65%±1.59% vs. 2.25%±0.68%, P<0.01). The frequencies of these cells correlated positively with RA tender joint counts, swollen joint counts and disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) (r=0.479, P=0.035; r=0.519, P=0.008; r=0.526, P=0.019). However, no correlation was found between these cells and RA patient age, disease duration, or the levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA). After in vitro stimulation by TNF-α, but not IL-1β, B10 cells isolated from healthy donors demonstrated fundamentally upregulated expression of RANKL.@*CONCLUSION@#Our studies showed the frequencies of RANKL-producing B10 cells were markedly higher in RA patients, and their frequencies were positively correlated with RA tender joint counts, swollen joint counts and DAS28. These findings suggested that B10 cells might be involved in RA bone destruction.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Autoantibodies/metabolism , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Humans , RANK Ligand/metabolism , Rheumatoid Factor
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects of micro-endoscopic discectomy(MED) in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis in the elder.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 376 cases of the lumbar spinal stenosis were treated by MED from December 2003 to December 2009, 47 cases of them aged above 60 years old. Of them, 43 old patients were followed up for 3 months to 6 years. There were 27 males and 16 females,with an average age of 68.3 years old ranging from 60 to 91 years. The average age was 68.3 years. The course was from 3 months to 15 years (averaged 3.5 years). The clinical effects of postoperation were observed and evaluated according to Nakai standard.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-three patients were followed up for 3 months to 6 years. The incision of all the patients had no infection and achieved primary healing. The clinical effect of the patients were evaluated by Nakai standard. The results were excellent in 26 cases,good in 12,fair in 5.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MED has characteristics of less injury,fast recovery and thorough decompression to nerve roots. It is a kind of good method for treating lumbar spinal stenosis in the elder if the indication were grasped strictly.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diskectomy , Methods , Endoscopy , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis , General Surgery
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239079

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To re-evaluate landmarks for facial nerve in middle ear surgery through temporal bone dissection and facial nerve surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Some relative landmarks were found through 44 facial nerves dissection in cadaver and 106 cases of facial nerve decompression surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Landmarks for vertical segment of the facial nerve: the vertical line in combined point between posterior and middle 1/3 horizontal semicircular canal clews the posterior edge of facial nerve; the prolong line of superior radian of incus short process clues to the anterior edge of the facial nerve, the facial nerve and horizontal semicircular canal are almost in the same plane. (2) Landmarks for horizontal segment of the facial nerve: the facial nerve tracks forward inferior to short process of incus and anterior to horizontal semicircular canal carina in 30 angel. The facial nerve, locating posterior and superior to cochleariform process and parallel with it, forms the step of middle-superior tympanic cavity and tracks forward to geniculate ganglion. (3) location of geniculate ganglion: The same distance prolong line of stapes head to cochleariform process clues to geniculate ganglion. (4) Location of the chorda tympani nerve: chorda tympani nerve, leaving tympanic sulcus at 3 clock of bone canaline left ear and at 9 clock of bone canaline right ear, tracks forward along tympani sulcus and then cross between long process of incus and manubrium. It lies in the border of pars tensa and pars flaccid and is about 5 - 8 mm from the stylomastoid foramen to where the chorda tympani nerve leaves the facial nerve. There is no difference of facial nerve structure in temporal bone dissection and in surgery.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The fixed landmarks of middle ear are the frame of reference of facial nerve, in which horizontal semicircular canal is most invariable; and the safety of surgery will be improved by the reference of the facial nerve.</p>


Subject(s)
Ear, Middle , General Surgery , Facial Nerve , General Surgery , Humans , Microsurgery , Otologic Surgical Procedures , Methods , Temporal Bone , General Surgery
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