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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969834

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the causes and management of long-term persistent pelvic presacral space infection. Methods: Clinical data of 10 patients with persistent presacral infection admitted to the Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2015 to October 2020 were collected. Different surgical approaches were used to treat the presacral infection according to the patients' initial surgical procedures. Results: Among the 10 patients, there were 2 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for cervical cancer, 3 cases of presacral recurrent infection due to rectal leak after radiotherapy for rectal cancer Dixons, and 5 cases of presacral recurrent infection of sinus tract after adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer Miles. Of the 5 patients with leaky bowel, 4 had complete resection of the ruptured nonfunctional bowel and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision with a large tipped omentum filling the presacral space; 1 had continuous drainage of the anal canal and complete debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision. 5 post-Miles patients all had debridement of the presacral infection using an anterior transverse sacral incision combined with an abdominal incision. The nine patients with healed presacral infection recovered from surgery in 26 to 210 days, with a median time of 55 days. Conclusions: Anterior sacral infections in patients with leaky gut are caused by residual bowel secretion of intestinal fluid into the anterior sacral space, and in post-Miles patients by residual anterior sacral foreign bodies. An anterior sacral caudal transverse arc incision combined with an abdominal incision is an effective surgical approach for complete debridement of anterior sacral recalcitrant infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reinfection , Rectum/surgery , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Drainage , Anal Canal/surgery , Pelvic Infection
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 41-56, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971537

ABSTRACT

Adverse experiences in early life have long-lasting negative impacts on behavior and the brain in adulthood, one of which is sleep disturbance. As the corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)-corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) system and nucleus accumbens (NAc) play important roles in both stress responses and sleep-wake regulation, in this study we investigated whether the NAc CRH-CRHR1 system mediates early-life stress-induced abnormalities in sleep-wake behavior in adult mice. Using the limited nesting and bedding material paradigm from postnatal days 2 to 9, we found that early-life stress disrupted sleep-wake behaviors during adulthood, including increased wakefulness and decreased non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep time during the dark period and increased rapid eye movement (REM) sleep time during the light period. The stress-induced sleep disturbances were accompanied by dendritic atrophy in the NAc and both were largely reversed by daily systemic administration of the CRHR1 antagonist antalarmin during stress exposure. Importantly, Crh overexpression in the NAc reproduced the effects of early-life stress on sleep-wake behavior and NAc morphology, whereas NAc Crhr1 knockdown reversed these effects (including increased wakefulness and reduced NREM sleep in the dark period and NAc dendritic atrophy). Together, our findings demonstrate the negative influence of early-life stress on sleep architecture and the structural plasticity of the NAc, and highlight the critical role of the NAc CRH-CRHR1 system in modulating these negative outcomes evoked by early-life stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism , Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , Stress, Psychological/complications
3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 860-874, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826768

ABSTRACT

Chronic stress may disrupt the normal neurodevelopmental trajectory of the adolescent brain (especially the prefrontal cortex) and contribute to the pathophysiology of stress-related mental illnesses, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated how synaptic cell adhesion molecules (e.g., nectin3) are involved in the effects of adolescent chronic stress on mouse medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Male C57BL/6N mice were subjected to chronic social instability stress from postnatal days 29 to 77. One week later, the mice exposed to chronic stress exhibited impaired social recognition and spatial working memory, simplified dendritic structure, and reduced spine density in the mPFC. Membrane localization of nectin3 was also altered, and was significantly correlated with behavioral performance. Furthermore, knocking down mPFC nectin3 expression by adeno-associated virus in adolescent mice reproduced the stress-induced changes in behavior and mPFC morphology. These results support the hypothesis that nectin3 is a potential mediator of the effects of adolescent chronic stress on prefrontal structural and functional abnormalities.

4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 756-756, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827801

ABSTRACT

Retraction Note to: J Zhejiang Univ-Sci B (Biomed & Biotechnol) 2019 20(3):238-252. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1800122. The authors have retracted this article (Guo et al., 2019) because some data from the original literature had not been converted to appropriate units in the paper, which resulted in deviation of the meta-analysis results. For example, for the forest plot used to examine associations between PM exposure and the risk of adverse birth outcomes, the estimates from Brauer et al. (2008), Pedersen et al. (2013), Zhao et al. (2015), and Hansen et al. (2006) were on the originally reported scales of 1 µg/m, 10 µg/m, 10 µg/m, and Inter Quartile Range, respectively. None of these estimates had been converted to 20 µg/m increase scale that was stated in the article. Similar problem exists in the analysis on associations between NO exposure and risk of adverse birth outcomes. Therefore, the results of the meta-analysis are misleading. All authors have agreed to this retraction and express their deepest apologies to the original authors, publishers, and readers.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1689-1699, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802627

ABSTRACT

Background@#Depression affects approximately 5% of elderly people and its etiology might be related to chronic stress exposure during neurodevelopmental periods. In this study, we examined the effects of adolescent chronic social stress in aged mice on depressive behaviors and the excitatory-inhibitory (E/I) balance in stress-sensitive regions of the brain.@*Methods@#Sixty-four adolescent, male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to either the 7-week (from post-natal days 29 to 77) social instability stress (stress group, n = 32) or normal housing conditions (control group, n = 32). At 15 months of age, 16 mice were randomly selected from each group for a series of behavioral tests, including two depression-related tasks (the sucrose preference test and the tail suspension test). Three days following the last behavioral test, eight mice were randomly selected from each group for immunohistochemical analyses to measure the cell density of parvalbumin (PV+)- and calretinin (CR+)-positive gamma-aminobutyric-acid (GABA)ergic inhibitory inter-neurons, and the expression levels of vesicular transporters of glutamate-1 (VGluT1) and vesicular GABA transporter (VGAT) in three stress-sensitive regions of the brain (the medial pre-frontal cortex [mPFC], hippocampus, and amygdala).@*Results@#Behaviorally, compared with the control group, adolescent chronic stress increased depression-like behaviors as shown in decreased sucrose preference (54.96 ± 1.97% vs. 43.11 ± 2.85%, t(22) = 3.417, P = 0.003) and reduced latency to immobility in the tail suspension test (92.77 ± 25.08 s vs. 33.14 ± 5.95 s, t(25) = 2.394, P = 0.025), but did not affect anxiety-like behaviors and pre-pulse inhibition. At the neurobiologic level, adolescent stress down-regulated PV+, not CR+, inter-neuron density in the mPFC (F(1, 39) = 19.30, P < 0.001), and hippocampus (F(1, 42) = 5.823, P = 0.020) and altered the CR+, not PV+, inter-neuron density in the amygdala (F(1, 28) = 23.16, P < 0.001). The VGluT1/VGAT ratio was decreased in all three regions (all F > 10.09, all P < 0.004), which suggests stress-induced hypoexcitability in these regions.@*Conclusions@#Chronic stress during adolescence increased depression-like behaviors in aged mice, which may be associated with the E/I imbalance in stress-sensitive brain regions.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1582-1590, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802557

ABSTRACT

Background@#Exposure to adverse experiences in early life may profoundly reshape the neurodevelopmental trajectories of the brain and lead to long-lasting behavioral and neural alterations. One deleterious effect of early-life stress that manifests in later life is sleep disturbance, but this has not been examined in aged mice and the underlying neural mechanisms remain unknown. Considering the important role of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in the sleep-wake regulation, this study aimed to assess the effects of early-life stress on the sleep behaviors in aged mice and the potential involvement of the NAc in stress-induced sleep abnormalities.@*Methods@#Twenty aged male C57BL/6 mice (>16 months, n = 10 per group) were used in this study. During post-natal days 2 to 9, dams were provided with either sufficient (control) or a limited nesting and bedding materials (stressed). When the mice were 16 to 17 months old, their sleep-wake behaviors were recorded over 24 h using electroencephalogram and electromyelogram. The amount of each sleep-wake stage, mean duration, and stage transition was analyzed. Then, five animals were randomly chosen from each group and were used to measure the expression levels of vesicular glutamate transporter-1 (VGluT1) and vesicular transporters of γ-aminobutyric acid (VGAT) in the NAc using immunohistochemistry. Group comparisons were carried out using Student t test or analysis of variances when appropriate.@*Results@#Compared with the control mice, the early-life stressed aged mice spent less time awake over 24 h (697.97 ± 77.47 min vs. 631.33 ± 34.73 min, t17 = 2.376, P = 0.030), accordingly, non-rapid eye movement sleep time was increased (667.37 ± 62.07 min vs. 723.54 ± 39.21 min, t17 = 2.326, P = 0.033) and mean duration of rapid eye movement sleep was prolonged (73.00 ± 8.98 min vs. 89.39 ± 12.69 min, t17 = 3.277, P = 0.004). Meanwhile, we observed decreased VGluT1/VGAT ratios in the NAc in the stressed group (F(1, 16) = 81.04, P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Early adverse experiences disrupt sleep behaviors in aged mice, which might be associated with the excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in the NAc.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797478

ABSTRACT

Background:@#Endothelial dysfunction, the initial pathogenic factor in atherosclerosis, can be alleviated via transient limb ischemia. We observed the effects of regular transient limb ischemia (RTLI) on atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.@*Methods:@#Twenty-eight rabbits were randomized to control, cholesterol, sham, ischemia groups (n=7 each) between October 2010 and March 2011. They were fed a normal diet in the control group and hypercholesterolemic diet in other groups for 12 weeks. Six cycles of RTLI were performed once per day on the ischemia group. Serum samples were prepared to measure the total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) before the experiment (W0), at the end of weeks 4, 8, 12 (W4, W8, W12). The whole aorta was harvested at W12 and stained using Sudan IV to identify the plaque. The plaque area was measured using Image J. Results were analyzed by analysis of variance or rank sum test.@*Results:@#Concentrations of TC in the cholesterol group were higher than those in the control group at W4 (29.60 [23.75, 39.30] vs. 1.00 [0.80, 1.55], Z = –2.745, P = 0.006), W8 (41.78 [28.08, 47.37] vs. 0.35 [0.10, 0.68], Z = –2.739, P = 0.006), W12 (48.32 [40.04, 48.95] vs. 0.61 [0.50, 0.86], Z = –2.739, P = 0.006). Similar results were obtained for HDL-C and LDL-C. Serum concentrations of TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C in the hypercholesterolemic groups had no differences (all P > 0.05). The percentage of plaque area in the cholesterol group was higher than that in the control group (47.22 ± 23.89% vs. 0, Z = –2.986, P = 0.003). Square root of the percentage of plaque area was smaller in the ischemia group than that in the cholesterol (0.44 ± 0.13 vs. 0.67 ± 0.18, P = 0.014) or sham groups (0.44 ± 0.13 vs. 0.61 ± 0.12, P = 0.049).@*Conclusion:@#In hypercholesterolemic rabbits, RTLI might prevent atherosclerosis progression by reducing the percentage of plaque area.

8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 423-430, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817770

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To explore the differences of clinical medicine ,magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and pathology in multifocal and multicentric breast cancer(MMBC)and unifocal breast cancer(UBC). 【Methods】 In this retrospective analysis,55 MMBC and 68 UBC patients with pathology confirmed from April 2016 to February 2018 were enrolled,and the characteristics and difference of routine pathological types,molecular subtypes and MR enhancement types were compared. The relationships between MMBC ,UBC and the methods of clinical treatment were studied by correspondence analysis(CA).【Results】Significant difference was observed between routine pathological types of MMBC and UBC(P < 0.001). The high grade invasive ductal carcinoma was more frequent in maximal lesions of MMBC than in UBC lesions,whereas there was no statistical correlation between molecular subtypes,molecular subtypes and MR enhancement types(P = 0.265,P = 0.152). However,there was statistical difference in masses enhancement(P = 0.013). CA showed that the molecular subtypes of MMBC and UBC were the key factors for clinical treatment. In addition ,HER- 2(+)and Luminal B type breast cancer showed high correlation with treatment method,while triple-negative showed low correlation with treatment method.【Conclusions】The pathology types of the maximal lesions of MMBC were less aggressive than UBC lesions. There was significant correlation between clinical treatment and molecular subtypes of MMBC and UBC. Therefore,individualized treatments are recommended on the basis of biological characteristics in both MMBC and UBC.

9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 130-135, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817682

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To evaluate the feasibility of magnetization transfer(MT)magnetic resonance(MR)imaging for predicting the risk of intestinal fistula in patients with Crohn disease (CD). 【Methods】 The study prospectively enrolled 12 consecutive patients with CD and abdominal MT imaging were performed before elective surgery. The bowel wall MT ratio normalized to skeletal muscle was calculated;region- by- region correlations with the surgical specimen were performed. Histopathologic evaluation of fibrosis was executed by using Masson trichrome. Wilcoxon rank test , Spearman rank correlation, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were used for statistical analysis.【Results】Among 15 surgical intestinal segments from 12 patients,5 lesions were found with intestinal fistula and of them 12 bowel specimens were obtained. The other 10 intestinal segments were without complications and 23 bowel specimens were enrolled. The intestinal fistula bowel showed a significant higher (P=0.045) normalized MT ratio. ROC analysis revealed an area under the curve of 0.674(95%CI:0.537-0.811)for differentiating intestinal fistula bowel from the non- fistula one. The sensitivity,specificity was 93.3% and 51.1% with a cut-off value of 76.8%,respectively. For the Masson score,significant difference(P=0.012)was found between the complicated intestinal specimens and the non-complicated ones. Additionally, the normalized MT ration was statistical correlated with Masson score (r=0.708,P<0.001).【Conclusion】MT imaging could be a potential method to predict the risk of intestinal fistula in patients with CD.

10.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 76-82, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817667

ABSTRACT

@#Objective】 To explore the clinical application of the fifth edition of BI- RADS for the category of suspicious calcification. 【Methods】 Mammograms of patients with suspicious calcification from May 2012 to May 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. The morphology(amorphous,coarse heterogeneous,fine pleomorphic,fine linear or fine linear branching)and distribution(diffuse,regional,grouped,linear,segmental)of suspected calcification according to the fifth edition of the BI- RADS were analyzed. Taking pathology as the gold standard,the positive predictive value(PPV)of morphology,distribution and combination of morphology and distribution was calculated and compared with the PPV range of the fifth edition of BI- RADS. 【Results】 A total of 170 patients were included in the study,116 were benign,54 were malignant,and PPV was 31.8%(54/170). In terms of morphology,amorphous,coarse heterogeneous, fine pleomorphic calcification were category 4B(10%

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1689-1699, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Depression affects approximately 5% of elderly people and its etiology might be related to chronic stress exposure during neurodevelopmental periods. In this study, we examined the effects of adolescent chronic social stress in aged mice on depressive behaviors and the excitatory-inhibitory (E/I) balance in stress-sensitive regions of the brain.@*METHODS@#Sixty-four adolescent, male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to either the 7-week (from post-natal days 29 to 77) social instability stress (stress group, n = 32) or normal housing conditions (control group, n = 32). At 15 months of age, 16 mice were randomly selected from each group for a series of behavioral tests, including two depression-related tasks (the sucrose preference test and the tail suspension test). Three days following the last behavioral test, eight mice were randomly selected from each group for immunohistochemical analyses to measure the cell density of parvalbumin (PV)- and calretinin (CR)-positive gamma-aminobutyric-acid (GABA)ergic inhibitory inter-neurons, and the expression levels of vesicular transporters of glutamate-1 (VGluT1) and vesicular GABA transporter (VGAT) in three stress-sensitive regions of the brain (the medial pre-frontal cortex [mPFC], hippocampus, and amygdala).@*RESULTS@#Behaviorally, compared with the control group, adolescent chronic stress increased depression-like behaviors as shown in decreased sucrose preference (54.96 ± 1.97% vs. 43.11 ± 2.85%, t(22) = 3.417, P = 0.003) and reduced latency to immobility in the tail suspension test (92.77 ± 25.08 s vs. 33.14 ± 5.95 s, t(25) = 2.394, P = 0.025), but did not affect anxiety-like behaviors and pre-pulse inhibition. At the neurobiologic level, adolescent stress down-regulated PV, not CR, inter-neuron density in the mPFC (F(1, 39) = 19.30, P  10.09, all P < 0.004), which suggests stress-induced hypoexcitability in these regions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Chronic stress during adolescence increased depression-like behaviors in aged mice, which may be associated with the E/I imbalance in stress-sensitive brain regions.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774756

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endothelial dysfunction, the initial pathogenic factor in atherosclerosis, can be alleviated via transient limb ischemia. We observed the effects of regular transient limb ischemia (RTLI) on atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight rabbits were randomized to control, cholesterol, sham, ischemia groups (n = 7 each) between October 2010 and March 2011. They were fed a normal diet in the control group and hypercholesterolemic diet in other groups for 12 weeks. Six cycles of RTLI were performed once per day on the ischemia group. Serum samples were prepared to measure the total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) before the experiment (W0), at the end of weeks 4, 8, 12 (W4, W8, W12). The whole aorta was harvested at W12 and stained using Sudan IV to identify the plaque. The plaque area was measured using Image J. Results were analyzed by analysis of variance or rank sum test.@*RESULTS@#Concentrations of TC in the cholesterol group were higher than those in the control group at W4 (29.60 [23.75, 39.30] vs. 1.00 [0.80, 1.55], Z = -2.745, P = 0.006), W8 (41.78 [28.08, 47.37] vs. 0.35 [0.10, 0.68], Z = -2.739, P = 0.006), W12 (48.32 [40.04, 48.95] vs. 0.61 [0.50, 0.86], Z = -2.739, P = 0.006). Similar results were obtained for HDL-C and LDL-C. Serum concentrations of TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C in the hypercholesterolemic groups had no differences (all P > 0.05). The percentage of plaque area in the cholesterol group was higher than that in the control group (47.22 ± 23.89% vs. 0, Z = -2.986, P = 0.003). Square root of the percentage of plaque area was smaller in the ischemia group than that in the cholesterol (0.44 ± 0.13 vs. 0.67 ± 0.18, P = 0.014) or sham groups (0.44 ± 0.13 vs. 0.61 ± 0.12, P = 0.049).@*CONCLUSION@#In hypercholesterolemic rabbits, RTLI might prevent atherosclerosis progression by reducing the percentage of plaque area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Cholesterol , Blood , Cholesterol, HDL , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Extremities , Pathology , Hypercholesterolemia , Blood , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Blood , Ischemic Postconditioning , Methods , Triglycerides , Blood
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1582-1590, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772139

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Exposure to adverse experiences in early life may profoundly reshape the neurodevelopmental trajectories of the brain and lead to long-lasting behavioral and neural alterations. One deleterious effect of early-life stress that manifests in later life is sleep disturbance, but this has not been examined in aged mice and the underlying neural mechanisms remain unknown. Considering the important role of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in the sleep-wake regulation, this study aimed to assess the effects of early-life stress on the sleep behaviors in aged mice and the potential involvement of the NAc in stress-induced sleep abnormalities.@*METHODS@#Twenty aged male C57BL/6 mice (>16 months, n = 10 per group) were used in this study. During post-natal days 2 to 9, dams were provided with either sufficient (control) or a limited nesting and bedding materials (stressed). When the mice were 16 to 17 months old, their sleep-wake behaviors were recorded over 24 h using electroencephalogram and electromyelogram. The amount of each sleep-wake stage, mean duration, and stage transition was analyzed. Then, five animals were randomly chosen from each group and were used to measure the expression levels of vesicular glutamate transporter-1 (VGluT1) and vesicular transporters of γ-aminobutyric acid (VGAT) in the NAc using immunohistochemistry. Group comparisons were carried out using Student t test or analysis of variances when appropriate.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control mice, the early-life stressed aged mice spent less time awake over 24 h (697.97 ± 77.47 min vs. 631.33 ± 34.73 min, t17 = 2.376, P = 0.030), accordingly, non-rapid eye movement sleep time was increased (667.37 ± 62.07 min vs. 723.54 ± 39.21 min, t17 = 2.326, P = 0.033) and mean duration of rapid eye movement sleep was prolonged (73.00 ± 8.98 min vs. 89.39 ± 12.69 min, t17 = 3.277, P = 0.004). Meanwhile, we observed decreased VGluT1/VGAT ratios in the NAc in the stressed group (F(1, 16) = 81.04, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Early adverse experiences disrupt sleep behaviors in aged mice, which might be associated with the excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in the NAc.

14.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 946-949, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(HPLC-ICP-MS)method for the determination of trivalent arsenic(AsIII),pentavalent arsenic(As), methyl arsenic(MA),dimethyl arsenic(DMA),arsenical choline(AsC)and arsenical betaine(AsB)in traditional Chi- nese medicine Cordyceps. Methods: The arsenic species in Cordyceps were extracted with hot 0.15 mol/L nitric acid so- lution,separated by HPLC on a Dionex IonPacTM AS7 column(4 mm×250 mm,5 μm)with aqueous 5 mmol/L and 100 mmol/L ammonium carbonate solutions in a gradient elution as mobile phase,and quantitatively determined by ICP-MS. Results: The six kinds of arsenic species showed a good linearity within the range of 5-200 μg/kg. The average recovery was 83.3-115.9%,and the relative standard deviation was less than 5%. The main form of arsenic species in C ordyceps was inorganic arsenic(AsIIIand As),and the total content of ASIII+Asvaried around 1 mg/kg in the three tested batches of samples. Conclusion: The established HPLC-ICP-MS method is convenient,accurate and reliable for the analysis of different arsenic species in Cordyceps. In addition,the present work on the determination of six arsenic species in Cordy- ceps could be used as reference for improvement of the limitation standard of arsenic in Cordyceps.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 144-148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844081

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the modifying effect of maternal education level on the association between the number of prenatal care visits and neonatal low birth weight (LBW). Methods: The information about women of childbearing age and their children was obtained through a survey on the status of birth defects and their risk factors in Shaanxi Province. Logistic regression model was used to explore the multiplied interaction between maternal education level or the number of prenatal care visits and neonatal low birth weight and the Excel table prepared by Andresson et al. was used to calculate the adding interaction. Results: With the increase of the number of prenatal care visits, the incidence of LBW and SGA in all the newborns and full-term infants gradually decreased. When the mother's education level was high school and above, the risk of incidence of LBW (OR=0.81, 95% CI 0.65-1.00) and SGA (OR=0.86, 95% CI 0.77-0.95) in all the newborns and full-term infants (OR=0.76, 95% CI 0.60-0.97) were reduced. Also there was a reduced risk of LBW and SGA in all the newborns and full-term infants with increased times of prenatal care visits. Interaction analysis showed that the level of maternal education and the number of prenatal care visits only had multiplied interaction on LBW (OR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.63-0.97) and SGA (OR=0.84, 95% CI: 0.76-0.94) in all the newborns and full-term infants (OR=0.72, 95% CI: 1.11-1.25). Conclusion: The lower education level of the mother and fewer antenatal care visits were the risk factors for the occurrence of neonatal LBW, and the level of maternal education had a modifying effect on the influence of prenatal examination on neonatal LBW. Higher maternal education can improve the effect of fewer prenatal care visits on neonates' LBW.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 19-24, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700766

ABSTRACT

Objective Lipid metabolism disorders caused by cell foam plays an important role in atherosclerosis,but wheth-er it is involved in the development and progression of silicosis has not yet been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the effect of free silica(SiO2) in inducing foam cell formation of NR8383 alveolar macrophages in rats. Methods NR8383 cells were cultured in vitro by the routine method (the control group) or in 50 μg/mL SiO2 (the SiO2group), 50 μg/mL ox-LDL (the ox-LDL group), or 50 μg/ml SiO2and ox-LDL (the model group), all for 36 hours. The survival rate of the cells was calculated with the cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (MTS),the lipid deposition observed by oil red O staining,the levels of total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC) and cholesterol esters(CE) measured by ELISA,and the mRNA and protein expressions of PPARγ and CD36 in the cells determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Results Compared with the control group,the cells treated with ox-LDL showed a significantly increased survival rate, which reached the peak at 50 μg/mL ([1.501±0.201]%) (P<0.05). Foam cells were observed in the SiO2,ox-LDL and model groups,but most significantly in the model group. In comparison with the ox-LDL group,the model group exhibited remarkable increases in TC([14.195±2.260] vs[35.764±4. 226] μg/mg,P<0.05),FC([7.722±0.690] vs[10.049±0.698] μg/mg,P<0.05),CE([6.473±1.707] vs[25.715±4.243] μg/mg,P<0.05),and CE/TC (45.057% vs 71.642%, P<0.05). Conclusion Free SiO2promotes the lipid metabolism disorder in macrophages and enhances the foaming of the cells,in which PPARγ and CD36 may play an important role of regulation.

17.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1004-1007, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286858

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of surfactant protein D (rs3088308 and rs721917) and the susceptibility to silicosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This case-control study included 125 silicosis patients and 125 individuals exposed to industrial dust but without silicosis (control group), who were strictly matched with the case group for age, gender, work type and cumulative length of dust exposure. The rs3088308 and rs721917 polymorphisms of surfactant protein-D were detected in all the participants using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The frequencies of T/T, T/A and A/A genotypes of surfactant protein-D rs3088308 locus were 22.2%, 71.2% and 5.6% in the case group, significantly different from the frequencies of 17.6%, 58.4% and 24.0% in the control group, respectively (P<0.05). The frequencies of C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes of rs721917 locus were 17.6%, 56.8% and 25.6% in the case group, similar to the frequencies of 15.2%, 60.0% and 24.8% in the control group, respectively (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Surfactant protein-D rs3088308 polymorphism is significantly associated with silicosis, and the T allele may be a risk factor for silicosis in individuals exposed to industrial dust.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein D , Genetics , Risk Factors , Silicosis , Genetics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 871-876, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350385

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The concept of minimally invasive techniques is to make every effort to reduce tissue damage. Certainly, reducing skin incision is an important part of these techniques. This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of Mast Quadrant-assisted modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with a small single posterior median incision.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During the period of March 2011 to March 2012, 34 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease underwent the minimally invasive modified TLIF assisted by Mast Quadrant with a small single posterior median incision (single incision group). The cases in this group were compared to 37 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease in the double incision group. The perioperative conditions of patients in these two groups were statistically analyzed and compared. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores, and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3, 12 months postoperation were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 31 and 35 cases in the single incision and double incision groups, respectively, completed at least 12 months of systemic follow-up. The differences in perioperative conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant. The incision length of the single incision group was significantly shorter than that of the double incision group (P < 0.01). The ODI and VAS scores of patients in both groups improved significantly at 3 and 12 months postoperation. However, these two indicators at 3 and 12 months postoperation and the sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators at 3 months postoperation did not differ significantly between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Mast Quadrant-assisted modified TLIF with a small single posterior median incision has excellent clinical feasibility compared to minimally invasive TLIF with a double paramedian incision.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 190-194, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235466

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the function of abnormal fibrinogen in two inherited dysfibrinogenemia pedigrees.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Routine coagulation tests were conducted in the probands and related family members. The antigen and activity levels of fibrinogen were detected by immunoturbidimetry assay and clauss assay, respectively. All the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the three fibrinogen genes and antithrombin gene(AT3)were analyzed by PCR amplification and direct sequencing. Routine thrombelastography (TEG) test and functional fibrinogen TEG test were both used to make a comprehensive evaluation of coagulation status and functional fibrinogen level in patients. The molecular weights of the three peptides from fibrinogen were measured by Western blot. The function of abnormal fibrinogen was assessed by fibrinogen dynamic polymerization and fibrinolysis velocity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The coagulation routine tests were normal in two probands except for prolonged thrombin time (TT) and reptilase time (RT), as well as reduced activity levels of 0.5 g/L and 0.6 g/L fibrinogen, respectively. The antigen levels of fibrinogen were 2.32 g/L and 2.66 g/L in two probands, which were in the normal reference range. The genotype analysis showed that Arg275His in fibrinogen γ chain (γ Arg275His) existed in both probands and patients in these two pedigrees. Meanwhile, proband B's grandfather and aunt also carried heterozygote g.5876T>C (Ser116Pro) mutation in AT3. The results of routine TEG test demonstrated that the α values of proband B and his father were close to and lower than the lower limit of reference range, respectively, while the MA values were normal in both of them. However, functional fibrinogen TEG test revealed obviously reduced MA value. All the probands and patients demonstrated prolonged lag-off time and reduced peak value in fibrinogen dynamic polymerization tests. Meanwhile, most of fibrin formed from the patients' plasma could not be dissolved completely by plasminogen (PLG) and urokinase-typeplasminogenactivator (u-PA) at a certain time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We first reported cases of inherited dysgibrinogenemia associated with inherited AT deficiency. γArg275His mutation caused the abnormal fibrinogen in terms of fibrin mono polymerization and possibly in fibrinolysis. Combined use of routine TEG test and functional fibrinogen TEG test with comprehensive analyses of the parameters in both tests could better evaluate the level of functional fibrinogen and predict the risk of hemorrhage and thrombosis in patients with inherited dysfibrinogenemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Afibrinogenemia , Genetics , Fibrinogen , Genetics , Fibrinogens, Abnormal , Genetics , Physiology , Genotype , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 691-695, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272136

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the binding mechanisms of FVIII Trp1707Ser mutation-associated inhibitor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The APPT, PT, TT, Fg and FVIII:C were detected to make phenotypic diagnosis of haemophilia A. Inhibitors titer were measured by Bethesda method. Long distance-PCR (LD-PCR) and sequence-specific PCR were adopted for screening the intron 22 and intron 1 inversions respectively. FVIII coding and boundary sequences were analyzed by direct DNA sequencing. Inhibitor was reacted with different segments of FVIII, including heavy chain and its components A1 and A2, light chain and its components A3, C1 and C2. Corrected test was used to measure the remaining F VIII:C (% ) by adding pooled normal plasmas. After labeling purified inhibitors with biotin, western blot was performed to further confirm the binding reactions between inhibitors and segments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The haemophilia A patient had mild deficiency of FVIII:C (1.1%) and had high FVIII inhibitor titer of 18.4 BU. A mutation c.97223C>G in exon 14 of F8 gene resulted to p.Trp1707Ser was identified by DNA sequencing. Corrected test showed that the remaining F VIII:C was increased when inhibitors reacted with heavy chain and light chain, especially with heavy chain. The remaining FVIII:C was also increased in the A2 and C2 domain reactions. No significant differences were seen in the A1, A3 and C1 domain reactions. Antigen-antibody reaction bands were confirmed by western blots when degenerated B-domain deleted recombinant FVIII, A2 and C2 were used as antigens.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The binding sites of FVIIITrp1707Ser mutation inhibitor were the A2 domain of heavy chain and C2 domain of light chain. The binding reaction with heavy chain was more intense.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Binding Sites , Genetics , Exons , Factor VIII , Genetics , Hemophilia A , Genetics , Mutation
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