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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of other gene mutations outside the fusion gene on the first complete remission (CR) induced by one course of induction chemotherapy in patients with core binding factor-associated acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML).@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from bone marrow or peripheral blood samples of newly diagnosed CBF-AML patients admitted to the Hematology Department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2015 to January 2019. Next-generation sequencing was used for detection of 34 kinds of hematologic malignancy-related gene mutations in patients with CBF-AML, the effect of related gene mutations on the first complete remission (CR) rate in one course of induction chemotherapy was analyzed by combineation with clinical characteristics.@*RESULTS@#34 kinds of genes in bone marrow or peripheral blood of 43 patients were detected by high throughput sequencing and the gene mutations were detected in 16 out of 34 genes. The mutation rate of KIT gene was the highest (48.8%), followed by NRAS (16.3%), ASXL1 (16.3%), TET2 (11.6%), CSF3R (9.3%), FLT3 (9.3%), KRAS (7.0%). The detection rates of mutations in different functional genes were as follows: genes related with signal transduction pathway (KIT, FLT3, CSF3R, KRAS, NRAS, JAK2, CALR, SH2B3, CBL) had the highest mutation frequency (72.1% (31/43); epigenetic modification gene mutation frequency was 30.2% (13/43), including ASXL1, TET2, BCOR); transcriptional regulation gene mutation frequency was 7.0% (3/43), including ETV6, RUNX1, GATA2). Splicing factor related gene mutation frequency was 2.3% (1/43), including ZRSR2). The CR rate was 74.4% after one course of induction chemotherapy. At first diagnosis, patients with low expression of WT1 (the median value of WT1 was 788.9) were more likely to get CR (P=0.032) and the RFS of patients who got CR after one course of induction chemotherapy was significantly longer than that of patients without CR [7.6 (2.2-44.1) versus 5.8 (1-19.4), (P=0.048)]. The rate of CR in the signal transduction pathway gene mutation group was significantly lower than that in non-mutation group (64.5% vs 100%) (P=0.045), while the level of serum hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH) was significantly higher than that in non-mutation group [(418 (154-2702) vs 246 (110-1068)] (P=0.032). There was no difference in CD56 expression between the two groups (P=0.053), which was limited to the difference between (≥20%) expression and non-expression. (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSION@#CBF-AML patients with signal transduction pathway gene mutation are often accompanied by high HBDH level and CD56 expression, moreover, the remission rate induced by one course of treatment is low.


Subject(s)
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Prognosis , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801763

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of modified Erchentang on the expressions of NLRP3 inflammasome genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β)and interleukin-18(IL-18)and chemokine8 (CXCL8) in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in order to explore the molecular mechanism of modified Erchentang against inflammation of COPD. Method: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, MCC950 (NLRP3 inhibitor) group and modified Erchentang group. The COPD model of rats was prepared by using cigarette smoke and dripping with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). During the modeling period (from the 1st to the 30th day), the MCC950 group received a single intraperitoneal injection with 60 mg · kg-1 on the first day of the experiment,and the modified Erchentang group was given intragastric administration with 10 g · kg-1, once every 2 days. From the 31st to the 45th day, the MCC950 group was intraperitoneally injected with 3 mg · kg-1, once every 2 days, the modified Erchentang group was given intragastric administration with 10 g · kg-1, twice a day, and the normal group and the model group received normal saline (NS) with 10 g · kg-1, twice a day. The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-18(IL-18) and chemokine8 (CXCL8) in rats lung tissue homogenate were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expressions of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1) mRNA in PBMCs were measured by Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR). Western blot was used to detect the levels of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 proteins in PBMCs. Immunohistochemical(IHC)method was used to detect the expressions of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 proteins in lung tissues. Result: The expressions of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 mRNA and protein were increased significantly (PPPβ and CXCL8 in lung tissue homogenate in model group were significantly higher than those in the control group. However, compared with model group, the levels of IL-18, IL-1β and CXCL8 were decreased significantly (PPConclusion: NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in the inflammatory response in COPD rats. Modified Erchentang may inhibit the inflammatory response of COPD effectively. The mechanism may be correlated with the reduction of NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1 gene expressions, and the inhibition of the release of IL-18, IL-1β and CXCL8.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773202

ABSTRACT

To study the effects of saikosaponin b2( SS-b2) on inflammatory factors and energy metabolism against lipopolysaccharide/galactosamine( LPS/Gal N) induced acute liver injury in mice. Mice were randomly divided into normal group( equal amount of normal saline),model group( 100 g·kg~(-1) LPS and 400 mg·kg~(-1) Gal N),low,medium,high dose group of SS-b2( SS-b25,10,20 mg·kg~(-1)·d-1) and positive control group( dexamethasone,10 mg·kg~(-1)). All of the groups except for the normal group were treated with LPS/Gal N though intraperitoneally injection to establish the acute liver injury model. The organ indexes were calculated. The levels of serum transaminases( ALT and AST) and the activities of ATPase( Na+-K+-ATPase,Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase) in liver were detected. The activity of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α),interleukin-1β( IL-1β) and interleukin-6( IL-6) were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The contents of lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) in liver were determined by micro-enzyme method. HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of the liver. Histochemical method was used to investigate the protein expression of liver lactate dehydrogenase-A( LDH-A). The protein expressions of Sirt-6 and NF-κB in the liver were detected by Western blot. According to the results,compared with the model group,there were significant changes in organ indexes in the high-dose group of SS-b2( P<0. 05). The level of ALT,AST,TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6 and the activities of LDH in serum of mice with liver injury were significantly reduced in the medium and high dose groups of SS-b2( P<0. 01). With the increase of the concentration of SS-b2,the range of hepatic lesions and the damage in mice decreased. The activities of Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase in liver of mice were significantly enhanced in each dose group( P<0. 01). The expression of NF-κB in liver tissues was significantly down-regulated in the medium and high dose group( P<0. 01). Meanwhile,the expression of Sirt-6 protein in the liver of mice with acute liver injury was significantly increased in each dose group( P<0. 01).In summary,SS-b2 has a significant protective effect on LPS/Gal N-induced acute liver injury in mice,which may be related to the down-regulation of NF-κB protein expression and up-regulation of Sirt-6 protein expression to improve inflammatory injury and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Cytokines , Metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Galactosamine , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Lipopolysaccharides , Liver , Mice , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Oleanolic Acid , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Saponins , Pharmacology , Sirtuins , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702209

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical effect of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and calcification.Methods The clinical data of 52 patients with lumbar disc herniation and calcification in orthopedic department of general hospital of Fushun mining bureau from June 2015 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed.The data included medical records,out-patient review,telephone follow-up was collected.The VAS,ODI and modified MacNab criteria were used to assess the clinical effects.Results There were significant improvement in VAS and ODI score at 6 week,6 months,1 year after surgery compared with before.According to the modified MacNab criteria,the rate of excellent and good result was 94.3%,the improvement rate was 98.1%.Conclusion PELD is an effective method to treat lumbar disc herniation and calcification,with advantages of less injury,rapid recovery,it is worth popularizing application in clinic.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698334

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can effectively promote tissue repair by secreting various bioactive factors. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of umbilical cord cord mesenchymal stem cells conditioned media (UCMSCs-CM) combined with hyaluronic acid (HA) on the repair of skin wounds in mice. METHODS: The UCMSCs-CM was collected, and added with HA to prepare the gel solution. Forty mice were selected to prepare animal models of full-thickness skin wound. According to different treatments, the mice were randomly divided into four groups, blank control group (0.5 mL of normal saline), UCMSCs-CM group (0.5 mL of UCMSCs-CM), HA group (0.5 mL of HA), UCMSCs-CM+HA group (0.5 mL of UCMSCs-CM+0.5 mL of HA). Each mouse received three treatments a day (in the morning, at noon and at night), for continuous 7 days. The wound size was measured and the wound healing rate was calculated. The factors related to skin repair were detected by immunohistochemstry and qRT-PCR methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After treatment, the wound size was reduced to different extents in the treatment groups as compared with the blank control group. The UCMSCs-CM combined with HA significantly improved the wound healing rate as compared with the other groups (P < 0.01). Strongly positive expression of the factors related in skin injury, such as vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase 9 protein, were found in the UCMSCs-CM+HA group; moreover, the mRNA levels of basic fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factor β and matrix metalloproteinase 9 protein were significantly higher in the UCMSCs-CM+HA group than the blank control group (P < 0.01). To conclude, UCMSCs-CM combined with HA can accelerate skin wound repair in mice, and exhibit better effects than the UCMSCs-CM or HA alone, which provides theoretical support for stem cells combined with biological scaffolds in skin wound repair.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1075-1079, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703928

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the impact of coronary atherosclerosis on diastolic function in patients with coronary heart disease. Methods: Present study included 600 patients with suspected coronary heart disease (CHD) admitted to our hospital between September 2014 to August 2017, coronary arteriography(CAG)was performed in all patients. Patients were divided into control group (n=150, CAG negative patients) , atherosclerosis group (n=150 ), and coronary heart disease group (n=300). Echocardiography, CAG, left ventriculography were measured in all patients, left ventricular diastolic function, coronary volume and pressure were compared among groups. Results: Left ventricular end-diastolic volume(LVEDV), left atrial volume index(LAVI) and left ventricular diastolic time constant (T) were significantly higher, while the ratio of early-to-late diastolic velocity (E/A) , the maximal rise velocity of left ventricular pressure (+dp/dtmax) , the maximum decrease velocity of left ventricular pressure (-dp/dtmax), the first third diastolic filling fraction (1/3 FF)and the last third of the diastolic filling fraction (p1/3 FF) were significantly reduced in the coronary atherosclerosis group and the coronary heart disease group as compared to control group (all P<0.05); left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in CHD group was lower than that in control group (P<0.05); incidence of E/A<1.2 was significantly different among the 3 groups (P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that Gensini score was an independent risk factor for diastolic dysfunction(OR=1.93, 95%CI:1.31~2.68, P=0.01). The coronary artery end-diastolic volume (CEDV) , the coronary artery end-systolic volume ( CESV) , the maximum decrease velocity of coronary artery pressure (C-dp/dtmax), the maximum rise velocity of coronary artery pressure (C+dp/dtmax) were significantly decreased in the coronary sclerosis group (P<0.05) ; CEDV, CESV, C-dp/dtmax, C+dp/dtmaxwere significantly decreased in the coronary heart disease group (P<0.01) as compared with the control group. Compared with the coronary atherosclerosis group, the CEDV, CESV, C-dp/dtmax, C+dp/dtmaxwere significantly decreased in CHD group (P<0.05). CESV, C-dp/dtmax, C+dp/dtmax in the coronary sclerosis group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), CEDV, CESV, C-dp/dtmax, C+dp/dtmaxin the coronary heart disease group were significantly decreased (P<0.01).Compared with the coronary atherosclerosis group, the CEDV, CESV, C-dp/dtmax, C+dp/dtmaxwere significantly decreased in CHD group (P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that Gensini score was negatively correlated with C-dp /dtmax(r=-0.43, P<0.01). Conclusions:Diastolic dysfunction is a sensitive index of myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary heart disease. In patients with coronary atherosclerosis, cardiac diastolic dysfunction could be shown in the absence of cardiac systolic dysfunction. The severity of coronary atherosclerosis is positively related to coronary diastolic dysfunction, which may lead to decrease of coronary vascular compliance, thus induce cardiac diastolic dysfunction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702190

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features and operative treatment of traumatic cervical spinal fractures in order to improve the prevention and surgical treatment.Methods A review of 324 cases of traumatic cervical spinal fractures admitted to general hospital of Shenyang military area command from January 2006 to December 2015 was performed to analyze their statistical epidemiology.Data included age,gender,etiologies of trauma,anatomical distribution,ASIA classification of neurological deficit and associated injuries.Results The ages of 324 patients ranged from 18 to 85 years,with a mean value of 43.8 years,70.4% of all the patients (228/324) received operations,the 30 to 39 year-old patients formed the largest group,accounting for about 27.2% (88/324).Combined cervical and other segments fracture accounting for about 8.0% (26/324),among which combined cervical and thoracic spine fracture,combined cervical and lumbar spine fracture,combined cervical,thoracic and lumbar spine fracture accounted for 5.9% (19/324),1.5% (5/324),0.6% (2/324) respectively.The frequency of neurological deficit (65.1%),frequency of complications (4.7 %) was the largest in the ≥ 60 year-old patients group.The frequency of combined injuries(34.2%) was the largest in the 40 to 49 year-old patients group.High fall,road traffic accident and low fall were the most common etiologies,accounting for 34.6 % (112/324),32.1% (104/324) and 18.8 % (61/324) respectively.The sex ratio (7.7 %),frequency of neurological deficit (92.3%) and frequency of combined injuries (34.6%) were the largest in the patients caused by struck by object group.Among 228 patients who received operations,47 patients presented with ASIA A,12 patients with ASIA B,29 patients with ASIA C,63 patients with ASIA D and 77 patients with ASIA E before operation.After operations,46 patients presented with ASIA A,7 patients with ASIA B,23 patients with ASIA C,53 patients with ASIA D and 99 patients with ASIA E.There were 38 patients(16.7%) had got 1 to 2 grade recovery.Conclusion The epidemiological survey of traumatic cervical spinal fractures reveals that the 30 to 39 year-old patients and high fall was the most common age and etiology for injuries of cervical spinal fracture.The ≥60 year-old patients group and struck by object group presented with the highest frequency of neurological deficit,operation can improve the recovery of neurological deficit,the prevention and treatment should be designed according to the injury features of different individuals.

9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 878-887, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757348

ABSTRACT

Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) integrates signals from growth factors, cellular energy levels, stress and amino acids to control cell growth and proliferation through regulating translation, autophagy and metabolism. Here we determined the cryo-electron microscopy structure of human mTORC1 at 4.4 Å resolution. The mTORC1 comprises a dimer of heterotrimer (mTOR-Raptor-mLST8) mediated by the mTOR protein. The complex adopts a hollow rhomboid shape with 2-fold symmetry. Notably, mTORC1 shows intrinsic conformational dynamics. Within the complex, the conserved N-terminal caspase-like domain of Raptor faces toward the catalytic cavity of the kinase domain of mTOR. Raptor shows no caspase activity and therefore may bind to TOS motif for substrate recognition. Structural analysis indicates that FKBP12-Rapamycin may generate steric hindrance for substrate entry to the catalytic cavity of mTORC1. The structure provides a basis to understand the assembly of mTORC1 and a framework to characterize the regulatory mechanism of mTORC1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Methods , Humans , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 , Multiprotein Complexes , Chemistry , Protein Structure, Quaternary , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320863

ABSTRACT

MTT assay was used in this study to investigate the inhibitory effect of danshensu on the activity of 2.2.15 cells among human hepatoma cell line (HepG2); indirect fluorescence labeling method was used to measure the changes of reactive oxygen levels in the cells; ELISA method was used to determine hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) levels in cellular supernatants; HBV DNA level was measured with fluorogenic quantitative PCR method. The inhibitory effect of danshensu on HBV RT(hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase) was studied by using enzyme inhibition dynamics, and the effect of danshensu on secondary structure of HBV reverse transcriptase was monitored by using circular dichroism. The results showed that danshensu had a good inhibitory effect on the growth of HepG2.2.15 cells, with a half inhibitory concentration (IC₅₀) of (15.35±2.43) μmol•L⁻¹; danshensu could significantly inhibit HBsAg and HBeAg expressions, and showed an inhibitory effect on HBV DNA replication. In addition, danshensu was an effective inhibitor for HBV reverse transcriptase [IC₅₀ (21.32±2.43) μmol•L⁻¹]. The fluorescence labeling results showed that the reactive oxygen levels in the cells were increased with the increase of danshensu concentration. Circular dichroism analysis showed that danshensu could induce partial change of conformation of HBV reverse transcriptase and gradually increased α-helical content. These results indicated that danshensu could make the structure of the enzyme become closer by binding to HBV reverse transcriptase, which was not conducive to the formation of the active center, so it could finally decrease the activity of HBV reverse transcriptase. Such decrease in enzyme activity would directly affect the HBV DNA replication, and combined with the decrease of the antigen levels, the effect of danshensu on HBV was increased.

11.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 185-193, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757606

ABSTRACT

Almost all pre-miRNAs in eukaryotic cytoplasm are recognized and processed into double-stranded microRNAs by the endonuclease Dicer protein comprising of multiple domains. As a key player in the small RNA induced gene silencing pathway, the major domains of Dicer are conserved among different species with the exception of the N-terminal components. Human Dicer's N-terminal domain has been shown to play an auto-inhibitory function of the protein's dicing activity. Such an auto-inhibition can be released when the human Dicer protein dimerizes with its partner protein, such as TRBP, PACT through the N-terminal DExH/D (ATPase-helicase) domain. The typical feature of a pre-miRNA contains a terminal loop and a stem duplex, which bind to human Dicer's DExH/D (ATPase-helicase) domain and PAZ domain respectively during the dicing reaction. Here, we show that pre-miRNA's terminal loop can regulate human Dicer's enzymatic activity by interacting with the DExH/D (ATPase-helicase) domain. We found that various editing products of pre-miR-151 by the ADAR1P110 protein, an A-to-I editing enzyme that modifies pre-miRNAs sequence, have different terminal loop structures and different activity regulatory effects on human Dicer. Single particle electron microscopy reconstruction revealed that pre-miRNAs with different terminal loop structures induce human Dicer's DExH/D (ATPase-helicase) domain into different conformational states, in correlation with their activity regulatory effects.


Subject(s)
Base Pairing , Base Sequence , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , Chemistry , Genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , Chemistry , Genetics , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Structure, Tertiary , RNA Editing , Genetics , Ribonuclease III , Chemistry , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257623

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical and musculoskeletal characteristics of localized scleroderma with lower extremities affected.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All the localized scleroderma patients,who received magnetic resonance (MR ) examinations of affected lower extremities at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from April 2013 to June 2014,were retrospectively reviewed. Their clinical data and laboratory results of antinuclear antibody,anti-double stranded-DNA antibody, and anti-extractable nuclear antigen antibody were collected and analyzed. All the MR examinations were non-contrast imaging using Siemens Skyra 3.0T MR scanner.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 16 localized scleroderma patients with lower extremities affected, 11 of whom were linear scleroderma, 4 generalized morphea, and 1 deep morphea. Female to male ratio was 1:2.2. The mean age was 22.5 years. The mean time span was 7.4 years. Four of the 14 patients (28.6%) who received antinuclear antibody test were positive. All the 10 patients who received anti-double stranded-DNA antibody test and the 7 patients who received anti-extractable nuclear antigen antibody test were negative. The most common musculoskeletal MR features were subcutaneous septal thickening (16/16) and fascial thickening (11/16). The thickened speta and fascia could either be hypointenstiy or hyperintensity on turbo inversion recovery magnitude/proton density weighted imaging. Other MR manifestations were intramuscular speta thickening (3/16), muscular abnormal signals (1/16), and bone marrow abnormal signals (2/16).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Musculoskeletal manifestations of the lower extremities with localized scleroderma can be well revealed using MR imaging.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antinuclear , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Retrospective Studies , Scleroderma, Localized
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1474-1479, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320055

ABSTRACT

A CDASH-based CRF annotation plays an important role in database setup and data verification. The STDM-based CRF annotation is also one of the essential documents when the package of clinical trial data is submitted to the regulatory authority. This paper describes the contents, procedures and related stipulations used in the CDISC-based CRF annotation.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Databases, Factual , Documentation , Reference Standards
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1488-1492, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320052

ABSTRACT

There is no a systemic performance metrics for clinical data management. While the CDMC in China starts to develop the quality metrics for clinical data management, it is essential to think over the performance and pursue metrics implementation of clinical data management in China. This article provides the basic concept, development and implementation of the performance metric in clinical data management.


Subject(s)
China , Clinical Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Data Collection , Reference Standards , Information Storage and Retrieval , Reference Standards
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1047-1051, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350353

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a well-established method for detecting and diagnosing heart tumors. In contrast, its role in assessing the presence, growth and evidence of malignant tumors originating from mediastinal sites remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic impact of TEE and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for determining the localization, growth and malignancy of adult mediastinal tumors (MTs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a prospective and investigator-blinded study, we evaluated 144 consecutive patients with MT lesions to assess the diagnostic impact of TEE and TTE for detecting the presence of tumors spreading both inside and outside of the heart and for determining infiltration and invasion using pathological examination results as a reference.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All tumor lesions were diagnosed and carefully evaluated by biopsy. Biopsy revealed malignant tumors in 79 patients and benign tumors in 65 patients. When compared to histological findings, TEE predicted malignancy from the presence of tumors spreading both inside and outside of the heart and from infiltration and invasion in 49/79 patients (62.0%). TTE predicted malignancy in only 8/79 patients (10.1%, P < 0.005). TEE visualized tumor lesions in 130 patients (90.3%) while the TTE visualized tumor lesions in 110 patients (76.4%) and was less effective at detecting MT lesions (P < 0.001). TTE and TEE could detect anterior MTs and adequately verified MTs (P > 0.05); TEE detected medium MTs better than TTE (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TEE is effective and superior to TTE for predicting the localization and growth of MTs as well as for accessing evidence of tumor malignancy. TTE and TEE were able to detect anterior MTs; TEE was able to detect medium MT better than TTE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Methods , Female , Heart Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Male , Mediastinal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9588

ABSTRACT

The effects of diclazuril on the bursa of Fabricius (BF) structure and secretory IgA (SIgA) expression in chickens infected with Eimeria tenella were examined. The morphology of the BF was observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, while ultrastructural changes were monitored by transmission electron microscopy. E. tenella infection caused the BF cell volumes to decrease, irregularly arranged, as well as, enlargement of the intercellular space. Diclazuril treatment alleviated the physical signs of damages associated with E. tenella infection. The SIgA expression in BF was analyzed by immunohistochemistry technique. The SIgA expression increased significantly by 350.4% (P<0.01) after E. tenella infection compared to the normal control group. With the treatment of diclazuril, the SIgA was relatively fewer in the cortex, and the expression level was significantly decreased by 46.7% (P<0.01) compared with the infected and untreated group. In conclusion, E. tenella infection in chickens induced obvious harmful changes in BF morphological structure and stimulated the expression of SIgA in the BF. Diclazuril treatment effectively alleviated the morphological changes. This result demonstrates a method to develop an immunological strategy in coccidiosis control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bursa of Fabricius/anatomy & histology , Chickens , Coccidiosis/drug therapy , Coccidiostats/administration & dosage , Eimeria tenella/physiology , Female , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory/genetics , Male , Nitriles/administration & dosage , Poultry Diseases/drug therapy , Triazines/administration & dosage
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3910-3914, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The nevus of Ota, is a common benign pigmentary dermatosis, mainly involve innervation area of first and second branch of trigeminal nerve. The classification of nevus of Ota was proposed by Tanino, based on 26 cases of nevus of Ota from 1937 to 1940. Studies about its classification are rarely seen in last 70 years, while it is still practical today.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the clinical photographs, 1079 consecutive patients with nevus of Ota were verified and reclassified according to the innervation areas of the trigeminal nerve branches.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In these 1079 cases, 866 patients were in line with Tanino's classification (80.26%), and 213 patients were not (19.74%). We put forward a new clinical classification (Peking Union Medical College Hospital classification, PUMCH classification) of nevus of Ota based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, composed of 5 types and 14 subtypes. The 5 types were as follows: Type I - pigmentation maculeses involving the innervation area of one of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 424 cases (39.3%), comprising 6 subtypes; Type II - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of two branches of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 221 cases (20.48%), comprising 4 subtypes; Type III - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of all three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 361 cases (33.45%), comprising 2 subtypes; Type IV - bilateral type, in which the pigmentation macules involves the bilateral cheek, of which there were 63 cases (5.84%), comprising 2 subtypes; and Type V - complications occurred in the patient, of which there were 10 cases (0.93%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new classification of nevus of Ota is based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, and it covers all types of Tanino's classifications; on that basis, some new types and subtypes are brought in and cover almost every clinical condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Nevus of Ota , Classification , Diagnosis , Trigeminal Nerve , Pathology , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 527-531, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235409

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) gene on proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) line cells and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four interfering sequences of Nrf2 and one negative control sequence were designed and synthesised based on the principle of target sequence of siRNA, then constructed lentivirus vectors, which were transfected into K562 cell lines. The transfection effect was observed by laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) and flow cytometer (FCM); The depressing effect of siRNA was analyzed by real-time PCR. The cell proliferation inhibiting rate was measured with CCK-8 assay, the apoptotic rate by Annexin V-PE/PI with FCM and the apoptotic morphology of cells by LSCM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The transfection efficiency of lentivirus was 65%. One cell line K562-C3 which significantly inhibited Nrf2 mRNA was obtained by real-time PCR, Nrf2 relative quantitation (RQ) expressions were 1.003±0.093 and 0.344±0.032 in the control group and K562-C3 respectively; TrxR expression also decreased with RQ as 1.090±0.549 and 0.395±0.029 respectively. The cellular proliferation inhibition rates of K562-C3 were (4.74±0.39)%, (6.13±1.78)% and (25.36±3.77)%, respectively at 24, 48 and 72 h. The apoptotic rate induced by K562-C3 (29.9%) at 72 hours was obviously higher than in the control group (7.9%). The Annexin V-PE positive K562-C3 cells presented the following apoptotic characteristics, such as karyopyknosis, nuclear fragmentation and apoptotic bodies observed by LSCM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nrf2 specific siRNA could repress its expression at the cellular level and down-regulate the expression of its downstream antioxidant enzyme, such as TrxR, which lead to increased apoptotic rate and decreased cell proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Genetic Vectors , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Metabolism , Pathology , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy of moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) on intractable facial paraly sis and the impacts on immune globulin IgA, IgG and IgM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty cases of intractable facial paralysis that was in compliance with the inclusive criteria were randomized into a moxibustion group and an acupuncture group, 60 cases in each one. In the moxibustion group, moxibustion was applied at Baihui (GV 20). In the acupuncture group, the patients were treated with acupuncture, once a day, the treatment of 15 days made one session in two groups. Before treatment and after 2 sessions treatment, the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM were detected respectively for the patients in two groups and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The difference in the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM was not significant for the patients between two groups (all P > 0.05) before treatment, but the levels of all three indices were increased significantly as compared with the normal reference values (all P < 0.05). Componed before the treatment, the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM were reduced significantly in two groups after treatment, indicating the significant difference (all P < 0.05). In comparison between two groups after the treatment, the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM in the moxibustion group were lower significantly than those in the acupuncture group, presenting the significant difference after treatment (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ottack of intractable facial paralysis is relevant with the abnormal increase of immunoglobulin. Moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) reduces significantly the levels of IgA, IgG and IgM for the patients with intractable facial paraly sis, which is probably one of the mechanisms in the treatment of intractable facial paralysis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Facial Paralysis , Blood , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Moxibustion , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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