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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873835

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the population and infestation rates of cockroaches from 2017 to 2019 in Jiading District of Shanghai, to evaluate the effect of cockroach termination in household, and to provide information for cockroach control. Methods Cockroaches were controlled by dinotefuran baits and clean-up in households.Sticky trap and visual method were employed for density monitoring in farmers markets, supermarkets, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and residential areas.Visual method was used in households before and after using the insecticide. Results Sticky trap result showed the room infestation rate was 3.24%, mean adhesion rate was 3.29%, the density was 0.06 per board, and the density peak appeared in May.Rate of invasion and density decreased year by year.Blattella germanica was the dominant species, counting for 71.88%.The density, and rate of infestation, as determined by sticky trap method, were the highest in the farmers markets, followed by hospitals and residential areas.Determined by visual method, room infestation rate was 1.16%, and the infestation rate was 4.44%.The peak appeared in January.Infestation rate of the farmers markets was the highest, followed by hospitals and residential areas.By visual method, the room infestation rate was 59.01%, and 48.45% for nymphs.The room infestation and ootheca rates were 54.04% and 17.39%.The rate decreased more than 80% in 30 days after use of the insecticide. Conclusion Infestation rate of cockroach remains at low level in Jiading District.The effect of bait combined with environmental cleaning is remarkable.Future work should strengthen monitoring and control in farmers markets, hospitals and residential areas.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873834

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the first-time killing efficacy and the chain-killing efficacy of four gel baits against Blattella germanica: 1% chlorpyrifos, 0.05% fipronil, 2.15% imidacloprid, and 0.5% dinotefuran and provide a basis for drug selection in controlling Blattella germanica. Methods Laboratory killing efficacy test was conducted according to the national standard GB/T 13917.7-2009 and the chain-killing efficacy test was conducted for three rounds.The first round of chain efficacy test was conducted by feeding the cockroaches killed in the laboratory efficacy test, and each next round by feeding the cockroaches killed in the last round.Median lethal time (LT50), 95% confidence limit, and toxicological regression equation of each test were calculated by software DPS V9.01. Results The LT50 of the efficacy test with 1% chlorpyrifos gel bait was 0.745 5 (0.603 4-0.890 3) d.The LT50 of the first, second and third chain experiments increased by 3.30, 2.18 and 2.76 times, respectively.The LT50 of the efficacy test with 0.05% fipronil gel bait was 0.846 5(0.464 7-1.228 0)d, and increased by 5.42, 2.09 and 1.48 times, respectively, in the first, second and third chain experiments.The LT50 of the efficacy test with 2.15% imidacloprid gel bait was 3.192 1(2.865 0-3.506 0)d, and increased by 1.13, 1.65 and 1.15 times, respectively in the first, second and third chain experiments.The LT50 of the efficacy test with 0.5% dinotefuran gel bait was 0.997 1(0.805 8-1.191 6) d, and increased by 3.85, 1.37 and 1.78 times, respectively in the first, second and third chain experiments. Conclusion In the laboratory killing efficacy test, 1% chlorpyrifos, 0.05% fipronil, and 0.5% dinotefuran gel baits are better than 2.15% imidacloprid gel bait.In the chain-killing efficacy test, 2.15% imidacloprid and 0.5% dinotefuran gel baits are better than 1% chlorpyrifos and 0.05% fipronil gel baits.Based on our results, we recommend the use of 0.5% dinotefuran gel bait for comprehensive and sustained killing effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873832

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the breeding conditions of mosquitoes and larvaes in 12 schools in Xuhui District of Shanghai before and after the beginning of summer term, and to provide basis for mosquitoes control in schools. Methods We used stratified random sampling to select 4 schools from each of the categories: kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, colleges and technical secondary schools in Xuhui District in August and September 2019.We used the methods of human landing catch, visual evaluation and ladling to investigate the breeding conditions of mosquitoes and larvaes before and after the beginning of summer semester. Results The mosquito density was 10.50 (per person per time) after the beginning of term, lower than 19.00 (per person per time) before schools opening, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.20, P < 0.05).The positive rate of larvae breeding in small-scale ponds after the beginning of term was 31.47%, lower than 44.23% before the schools opening, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.22, P < 0.05).The positive rate of larval breeding in medium and large static water was 14.00% after the beginning of term, lower than 17.86% before the schools opening, and the difference was no significant (χ2=1.03, P=0.31). Conclusion Schools need to take the following actions: to focus on the work to manage mosquito breeding sites on campus before the beginning of the term; to strengthen the daily work of environment control; to establish a model of prevention and control in cooperation with multi-medical and educational departments, and to form a collaboration system in application of drugs to rain-water catch basin sand in other mosquito control work in residential areas.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2905-2909, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Benvitimod cream, a novel synthetic small molecule, was effective in treating mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis. We conducted a phase III clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of benvitimod cream in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#We randomly assigned 686 patients (2:1:1) to receive 1% benvitimod cream, 0.005% calcipotriol ointment or placebo twice a day for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end points were the percentage of patients with a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI 75) score and with a score of 0 or 1 in static physician's global assessment (sPGA) at week 12.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that 50.4% of patients in the benvitimod group achieved PASI 75, which was significantly higher than that in the calcipotriol (38.5%, P < 0.05) and placebo (13.9%, P < 0.05) groups. The proportion of patients achieving an sPGA score 0 or 1 was 66.3% in the benvitimod group and 63.9% in the calcipotriol group, which were both significantly higher than that in the placebo group (34%, P < 0.05). In the long-term follow-up study, 50.8% of patients experienced recurrence. After retreatment with 1% benvitimod, 73.3% of patients achieved an sPGA score of 0 or 1 again at week 52. Adverse events included application site irritation, follicular papules, and contact dermatitis. No systemic adverse reactions were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#During this 12-week study, benvitimod cream was demonstrated with high effectiveness and safety in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR), ChiCTR-TRC-13003259; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=6300.


Subject(s)
Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ointments , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Resorcinols , Severity of Illness Index , Stilbenes , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789386

ABSTRACT

With global warming, mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases are spreading rapidly in many regions across the world and producing substantial morbidity and mortality.According to recent studies, mosquito population structure, density and distribution in urban environment are under dynamical changes with continuous urbanization and the consequent environment changes.Surface sewers and under-ground catch basins are becoming major mosquito breeding habitats. Population structure in surface sewers varies with the environment, Aedes albopictus is the dominant species in residential areas.Charac-terized with high population density and mobility, residential areas are easier for mosquito-borne disease spreading, so more attention should be paid to Aedes albopictus control in urban residential areas.Increased underground garages and subway traffic generated new breeding habitats and over wintering sites for mosquitoes in urban environment, control measures should be taken for such environments, since urban underground spaces are always the transit hub of vehicles, which may facilitate the spread of mosquito and its vectored virus, particularly, Culex molestus, Aedes albopictus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus can all be found breeding in underground catch basins.Frequent reports of Culex tritaeniorhynchus breeding in urban surface and underground environment suggest that Culex tritaeniorhynchus is gradually adapted to the new urbanized habitats, which may produce great effect for mosquito population structures in urban environment.Breeding habitats management is the most effective measures for mosquito control, qualified mosquito surveillance can help understand the fluctuation of mosquito species and provide timely warning, at the same time, regular risk assessment for mosquito-borne disease is essential for disease control and prevention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328255

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Modified Hangqi Chifeng Decoction (MHCD) on levels of collagen type IV (Col IV), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) in extracellular matrix (ECM) of glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) in LPS induced mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Normal serum and telmisartan, high, medium, low dose MHCD containing serums were prepared by using serum pharmacology method. GMCs were cultured in vitro. The proliferation of mesangial cells were induced using LPS as stimulating factor. GMCs were divided into six groups, i.e., the normal group, the model group, the telmisartan group, high, medium and low dose MHCD groups. Col IV content in the supernatant of mesangial cells was detected using ELISA. Protein expressions of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were detected using Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal group, Col IV content obviously increased in the model group after 72-h LPS stimulation; protein expressions of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were obviously up-regulated, and MMP-2/TIMP-2 ratio was down-regulated in the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, Col IV content obviously decreased in high and medium dose MHCD groups and the telmisartan group (P < 0.01); protein expressions of MMP-2 were obviously down-regulated in medium and low dose MHCD groups (P < 0.01, P < 0.05); the protein expression of TIMP-2 was obviously down-regulated in high, medium, low dose MHCD groups and the telmisartan group (P < 0.01). The pro- tein expression of TIMP-2 was obviously lower in the high dose MHCD group than in the low dose MHCD group (P < 0.01). MMP-2/TIMP-2 ratio was obviously up-regulated in the telmisartan group, high and medium dose MHCD groups (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MHCD could regulate disordered MMP-2/TIMP-2 ratio in LPS induced ECM, inhibit excessive production of Col IV in ECM, promote the degradation of ECM, reduce the accumulation of ECM, thereby, delaying the process of glomerular sclerosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type IV , Metabolism , Extracellular Matrix , Metabolism , Kidney Glomerulus , Cell Biology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Mesangial Cells , Mice , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789337

ABSTRACT

[ Objective ] To assess the resistance risk of Culex pipiens pallens to pyriproxyfen in Culexpipiens pallens, to predict the rate of resistance development and to provide the reference for scientific and rational application of insecticides. [ Methods ] The resistance strain was developed by group selection, and the realized heritability ( h2 ) of Culex pipiens pallens resistance to deltamethrin was estimated by Tabashnik's method. [ Results] The resistance of Culex pipiens pallens to pyriproxyfen had increased by 5.69-fold after 12 generations of indoor breeding, and the h2 of Culex pipiens pallens to pyriproxyfen was 0.02, indicating that a relatively risk of resistance development. [ Conclusion] The results indicate that Culex pipiens pallens has resistance risk to pyriproxyfen, so the application of the insecticide must be scientific and rational.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789319

ABSTRACT

[ Objective] To investigate the resistance of mosquito against insecticides in Songjiang, providing scientific basis for appropriate application of insecticides. [ Methods ] The dipping method and drug velum contacting method were used for determination of the resistance of culex pipiens pallens and anopheles hurcanus sinensis against insecticides. [ Results] Culex pipiens pallens were found to have high resistance to DDVP, resistance coefficient 30.07, and low resistance to cypermethrin, fenobucarb and deltamethrin, resistance coefficient 3.96, 3.25 and 2.79, while their sensitivity to beta-cypermethrin, resistance coefficient 0.28.Anopheles sinensis had R level resistance to DDT and deltamethrin, mortality rates 73.36%and 57.50%respectively. [ Conclusion] Mosquitos in Songjiang District have developed different degrees of resistance to insecticides.In order to control and delay their resistance, insecticides should be alternated and combined in application.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1456-1460, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320059

ABSTRACT

Due to a great amount of data in clinical trials, the data cleansing needs to adopt a variety of measures, including the latest developed visual check approach. According to the different types of clinical data and the different stages in the course of clinical data management, this study reviews 8 types of visual graphics that show the relevance and trend among the data. The series of graphics can rapidly detect abnormal data, monitor clinical research in real-time, make the data management process much easier and improve the clinical trial efficiency and data quality.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Reference Standards , Data Collection , Reference Standards , Information Storage and Retrieval , Methods
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1461-1463, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320058

ABSTRACT

Electronic case report forms (eCRFs) instead of the traditional paper case report forms (pCRFs) are increasingly used by investigators and sponsors of clinical research. We include a total of 14 phase III studies (8 pCRF, 6 eCRF) to compare paper and electronic data documentation both quantitatively and qualitatively in clinical studies. The result suggests that adaptions of electronic data capture (EDC) in clinical trials have the advantages in optimization of data capture process, improvement of data quality and earlier clinical decision compared to paper-based methods. Furthermore, the successful implementation of EDC requires accouplements with corresponding data management processes and reallocation of resources.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic , Data Collection , Methods , Information Storage and Retrieval , Methods , Medical Informatics
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1470-1473, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320056

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of electronic data management (EDC), the data management is shifting to a new mode. In order to recognize the advantages of EDC, we choose 20 representative registered clinical trials, which involve 5 404 subjects and 321 sites. We found that EDC has many beneficial impacts on the course of clinical trial data management, including the process of data collection, data cleaning, data quality control and clinical trial decision-making. The result also provides a reference for the adoption of EDC in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Data Collection , Reference Standards , Information Storage and Retrieval , Reference Standards , Quality Control
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359289

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Kuntai Capsule (KC) and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in treating menopause syndrome by Meta-analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized controlled trials were electronically retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Chinese Doctoral Dissertation Full Text Database, Chinese Outstanding Masters' Dissertation Full Text Database, and VIP database, Wanfang Database, and some other related papers were manually checked. All papers were assessed according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of interventions and then effective data were analyzed by RevMan 5.0.2 Software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight randomized control trials involving 675 patients were included. Results of Meta-analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in the Kupperman Menopausal Scores [MD = 1.91, 95% CI (-0.31, 4.12)] and the effective rate of Kupperman Menopausal Scores [OR = 1.37, 95% CI (0.66, 2.85)] between the KC group and the estrogen replacement therapy group (P > 0.05). Compared with the KC group, the E2 level [MD = -12.8, 95% CI (-22.85, -2.76)] and the FSH level [MD = 17.96, 95% CI (3.03, 32.88)] could be significantly improved in the estrogen replacement therapy group. Compared with the estrogen replacement group, KC could significantly reduce the total incidence of adverse reactions [OR = 0.41, 95% CI (0.24, 0.73)], the incidence of breast distending pain [OR = 0.65, 95% CI (0.42, 1.00)], and the incidence of vaginal bleeding [OR = 0.26, 95% CI (0.17, 0.40) ] (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The current limited evidence showed that, when compared with the estrogen replacement therapy group, KC could also improve climacteric symptoms. It was inferior to the estrogen replacement therapy group in improving in vivo hormone levels. But it was superior in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions, breast distending pain, and vaginal bleeding.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Estrogen Replacement Therapy , Methods , Female , Humans , Menopause , Phytotherapy , Methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 519-524, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233405

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression profile of microRNAs (miRNAs) in peripheral T cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) and to explore the underlying molecular characteristics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one cases of PTCL-NOS were enrolled into the study. The tumor presented either as nodal (15/21) or extranodal (6/21) disease. TaqMan low density array was used to assess the expression level of 754 miRNAs in six cases of PTCL-NOS and three control cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. Prediction of target genes for significant and differential expression of miRNAs was carried out using Targetscan and miRanda software. Bioinformatics tools were employed for GO-Analysis and Pathway-Analysis of target genes. The expression patterns of the three miRNAs were further analyzed in the remaining 15 cases of PTCL-NOS and 10 cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia, using single tube Taqman miRNA assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight miRNAs showed statistically significant difference in expression between PTCL-NOS and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. miR-886-3p, miR-511, miR-1291, miR-572, miR-27a-3p, miR-25-3p and miR-886-5p were significantly overexpressed in PTCL-NOS while miR-182-5p was significantly underexpressed (P < 0.05). Target gene prediction showed that 1646 candidate genes involved in the pathogenesis and progression of PTCL-NOS. Further GO and Pathway-Analyses found that these genes significantly focused on 63 GO terms and 61 pathways. The results of three miRNA qRT-PCR confirmed that miR-572 and miR-1291 expression in PTCL-NOS had statistical significance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Eight miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in PTCL-NOS, which may be involved in molecular regulation during the development of PTCL-NOS. The underlying mechanism is also related to a number of target genes and signaling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Pseudolymphoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642394

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize and analyze sodium 18F-fluoroacetate (FAC) and its precursor ethyl O-mesylglycolate (EOMG). Methods EOMG was synthesized using modified method. Its chemical purity was checked by HPLC and its structure was elucidated on the basis of spectral analyses. Final product of 18F-FAC was synthesized based on general nucleophilic reactions module Explora GN using EOMG as a precursor. Liquid chromatography Explora LC was applied to get rid of its chemical impurities.Then HPLC and radio-thin layer chromatography were used to assay its radiochemical purity, chemical purity and specific activity. Results EOMG was synthesized and identified. Its yield was 70% and its chemical purity was 97.0% (calculated by chromatographic peak area). The radiochemical purity of 18F-FAC was more than 98%, and its specific activity was 236. 5 MBq/μmol. Conclusion This synthetic method for 18F-FAC and its precursor can be defined as effective and highly quality-controlled.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642806

ABSTRACT

Objective To synthesize 16α-[18F]fluoro-17β-estrogen(18F-FES) with high chemical and radiochemical purity using multifunctional radiolabeling module of Explora GN and separation module of Explora LC (Explora GN/LC dual module). Methods Explora GN/LC dual module and one-pot radiochemical process were applied for fully automated synthesis and separation of 18F-FES. The radiochemical purity of 18F-FES was analyzed by HPLC. The saturation binding test of 18F-FES with ER (ER-positive MCF-7 cell line) was applied to examine the biological activity of 18F-FES. Results 18F-FES synthesis procedure took 60 min, with radiochemical yield about 45% and radiochemical purity higher than 98%. The Kd and Bmax of MCF-7 cells with 18F-FES were (2.922±0.619) nmol/L and (4.193±0.360) nmol/L respectively. Conclusions 18F-FES can be automatically synthesized by Explora GN/LC dual module with high chemical purity and radiochemical purity. It would be a potential PET tracer to be used in estrogen-related molecular imaging.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2849-2856, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292790

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Echinococcosis, coenurosis and cysticercosis are debilitating diseases which prevail in China. Immunological diagnosis of metacestodosis is important in disease control. The 8-kDa glycoproteins from taeniid cestodes have successfully been used for diagnosis of human cysticercosis in immunological assays. The aim of the present study was to investigate genetic variations and phylogenetic relationships of the 8-kDa proteins for evaluating the possibility of utilizing these proteins as diagnostic antigens for other metacestode infections.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The genes and complementary DNAs (cDNAs) encoding the 8-kDa proteins from Echinococcus (E.) granulosus, Taenia (T.) multiceps and T. hydatigena were amplified using PCR method. Their amplicons were cloned into the vector pMD18 and the positive clones were sequenced. Sequence data were analyzed with the SeqMan program, and sequence homology searches were performed using the BLAST program. Alignments were conducted using the ClustalX program, and the phylogenetic analyses were performed with the Protein Sequences Program and the Puzzle Program using the Neighbor-joining method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen, 18 and 22 different genomic DNA sequences were identified as members of the 8-kDa protein gene family from E. granulosus, T. multiceps and T. hydatigena, respectively. Eight, four and six different cDNA clones respectively from E. granulosus, T. multiceps and T. hydatigena were characterized. Analysis of these sequences revealed 54 unique 8-kDa protein sequences. Phylogenetic trees demonstrated that the taeniid 8-kDa proteins are clustered into eight clades at least: Ts18, Ts14, TsRS1, TsRS2, T8kDa-1, T8kDa-2, T8kDa-3 and T8kDa-4.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We found that the gene family encoding for the taeniid 8-kDa antigens is comprised of many members with high diversity, which will provide molecular evidence for cross-reaction or specific reaction among metacestode infections and may contribute to the development of promising immunological methods for diagnosis of metacestodosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , DNA, Helminth , Genetics , Echinococcus granulosus , Genetics , Metabolism , Genetic Variation , Genetics , Glycoproteins , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Helminth Proteins , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Taenia , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1039-1042, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353388

ABSTRACT

The paper aimed to find the optimal combination and evaluation of the interactions of antitumor effect of the curcumin (Cur) and adriamycin (ADM) in vitro. According to the factorial design and data characteristics, the parameter method combined with the response surface approach were used to analyze the pharmacodynamic interactions of in vitro antitumor effects of the combination of Cur and ADM at different dosages. The results showed that the dose-effect relationship of the combination with the ratio of ADM-Cur 1:3 showed significant differences in comparison with either used alone. The dose-effect curve was shift left in combination. The combination of adriamycin (ADM, 0.693-2.132 micromol L(-1)) and curcumin (Cur, 2.047-6.304 micromol L(-1)) with a fixed ratio (1:3) showed a synergism. With increasing doses of the combination, there is an additive effect. Computer simulation showed a trend of decreasing difference between the observed and expected effects with the dose increasing in Cur from 6.304 to 16.0 micromol L(-1) and ADM from 2.132 to 5.3 micromol L(-1). The response surface analysis showed the optimal combination to be Cur 18.50 micromol L(-1) and ADM 3.89 micromol L(-1) with a ratio of 5:1. This study suggests that the parameter method combined with the response surface analysis provides richer and more reasonable information, and is helpful for quantitative design of drug combination therapy and to describe the nature and degree of drug interaction.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Computer Simulation , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Synergism , Humans , K562 Cells
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252144

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>An approach is set up to calculate pharmacodynamic interaction and simulate the combined response.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>An orthogonal design with 1-level = high dose and 2-level = low dose was adopted. An example of the compound with four components was applied to evaluate this quantitative approach. The bias was evaluated by the both scatter plots.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>This approach can calculate the value of each component with different dose by its contribution to combined response, and the value is related to the importance of a compound. Drug interactions were evaluated among the combinations in each group. The prediction model performed well and simulated the combined response in the different of components in combination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The approach can be used in the similar research, and it also provides predictions of component combinations from the other studies by simulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Computer Simulation , Drug Interactions , Pharmacology , Methods , Rats
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324775

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents in Agrimonia pilosa.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated and purified by various column chromatographic methods and elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidences.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Nine flavonoids were obtained and identified as tiliroside (1), kaempferol 3-O-alpha-L-rhampyranoside (2), quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhampyranoside (3), quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), kaempferol (6), apigenin (7), luteolin (8), quercetin (9).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-3, 5, 6 and 8 were isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Agrimonia , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 615-619, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315092

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between expression of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) and pERK1/2 and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cav-1 and pERK1/2 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in samples obtained from 160 patients with NSCLC and 20 patients with normal lung tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Normal bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells were positive for Cav-1 (membranous and cytoplasmic staining patterns). The expression rate of Cav-1 in NSCLC was 65.6% (105/160), which was significantly lower than that in normal lung tissue (P = 0.002). The Cav-1-positive rates in well to moderately differentiated tumors and poorly differentiated tumors were 56.8% (46/81) and 75.7% (53/70), respectively (P = 0.015). The expression of Cav-1 was much higher in patients with lymph node metastasis (77.8%, compared with 55.7% in lymph node-negative group, P = 0.003). The expression was also higher in stage III to IV than in stage I to II disease (75.4%, compared with 58.2%, P = 0.024). The overall survival of patients with Cav-1-positive tumors (71.4%, 37.1% and 17.1% 1-, 3- and 5-year survival, respectively) was lower than those with Cav-1-negative tumors (89.1%, 69.1% and 43.6% 1-, 3- and 5-year survival, respectively, P = 0.000). On the other hand, normal bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells were negative for pERK1/2. The expression rate of pERK1/2 in NSCLC was 61.3%, which was significantly higher than that in normal lung tissues (P = 0.000). The pERK1/2-positive rates in well to moderately differentiated tumors and poorly differentiated tumors was 53.1% and 71.4%, respectively (P = 0.021). The expression of pERK1/2 was much higher in patients with lymph node metastasis (80.6%, compared with 45.5% in lymph node-negative group, P = 0.000). The expression of pERK1/2 was also higher in stage III to IV than in stage I to II disease (76.8%, compared with 49.5%, P = 0.426). The overall survival of patients with pERK1/2-positive tumors (74.5%, 42.9% and 19.4% 1-, 3- and 5-year survival, respectively) was lower than those with pERK1/2-negative tumors (82.3%, 56.5% and 37.1% 1-, 3- and 5-year survival, respectively, P = 0.002). Cav-1 and pERK1/2 expression showed negative correlation (P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cav-1 expression is lower in NSCLC than in normal lung tissue, whereas pERK1/2 expression is higher in NSCLC. Positive expression of Cav-1 and overexpression of pERK1/2 correlates with tumorigenesis and tumor progression of NSCLC. Cav-1 and pERK1/2 may serve as potential markers for predicting prognosis in NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Caveolin 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cytoplasm , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Staging , Classification , Prognosis
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