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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the epidemiologic characteristics of human herpes virus (HHV) activated infection in the diseases of blood system and patients received allo-HSCT by statistically analyzing the screening results of 8 human herpes viruses (HHVs) of 4164 patients in Hebei Yanda LU Dao-Pei Hospital from 2012 to 2017.@*METHODS@#PCR was used to screen 8 HHVs.@*RESULTS@#Two thousand and fifty-two patients (49.28%) were HHV-positive among 4164 patients screened. Among these patients screened, the infection spectra of 8 human HHVs in hematological diseases as well as patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation of totally 2994 patients were summarized as follows: the positive rate of EBV (29.49%) was the highest, that of HCMV (23.15%), HHV-6 was 18.77% and HHV-7 was 17.64%, while the remaining 4 HHVs all≤2.1%. The rate of co-infection of various HHVs was significantly higher than that of single infection of HHV among all these disease groups except familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, for which single EBV infection was the most common. The differences of positive rates among these 8 human HHVs in hematological diseases as well as patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were statistically significant by Chi-square test of R*C tables (χ=54.99, P<0.05). For each HHV, the differences of positive rates among the above-mentioned disease groups were also statistically significant except HHV-8 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The patients with various blood diseases have different activated infection spectra of HHVs. EBV, HCMV, HHV-6 and HHV-7 are most common in HHVs infection. Different HHVs infections correlate with different hematologion diseases.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1012-1018, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop an automated chimeric analysis and reporting platform based on short tandem repeat (STR) and capillary electrophoresis methods for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) so as to improve work efficiency.@*METHODS@#Apache, MySQL, PHP and HTML5 were used to build the database and interface. The STR locus geno typing and chimeric analysis logic and flow were set up on the basis of STR rules and capillary electrophoresis. STR genotyping and 194 times of chimeric testing data of 100 patients after allo-HSCT were used to test the platform for automatic STR locus genotyping, chimeric calculation and report generation.@*RESULTS@#The established platform could realize the functions of STR locus customization, STR genotype determination, automatic chimeric analysis, and detection information database management, which can automatically generate an integrated report including multiple sequential chimeric results and trend graphs for the same patient and can be accessed and used simultaneously by different users through different browser interfaces. The results of automated analysis by the platform are completely consistent with that of manual analysis by experienced technicians, and the possibility of manual analysis error is reduced through automation. The time required for automatic analysis using this platform is approximately 1/6-1/5 of manual analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The automatic analysis platform built in this study is operation stable and reliable in analysis results, which can improve work efficiency and report connotation, thus worthing popularized and applicable.


Subject(s)
Electrophoresis, Capillary , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Tissue Donors
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879292

ABSTRACT

Objective Asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) is closely associated to the incidence of severe cerebrovascular diseases. Early identifying the individuals with ACS and its associated risk factors could be beneficial for primary prevention of stroke. This study aimed to investigate a machine-learning algorithm for the detection of ACS among high-risk population of stroke based on the associated risk factors.Methods A novel model of machine learning was utilized to screen the associated predictors of ACS based on 30 potential risk factors. The algorithm of this model adopted a random forest pattern based on the training data and then was verified using the testing data. All of the original data were retrieved from the China National Stroke Screening and Prevention Project (CNSSPP), including demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics. The individuals with high risk of stroke were enrolled and randomly divided into a training group and a testing group at a ratio of 4:1. The identification of carotid stenosis by carotid artery duplex scans was set as the golden standard. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of the model in detecting ACS.Results Of 2841 high risk individual of stroke enrolled, 326 (11.6%) were diagnosed as ACS by ultrasonography. The top five risk factors contributing to ACS in this model were identified as family history of dyslipidemia, high level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), low level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), aging, and low body mass index (BMI). Their weights were 11.8%, 7.6%, 7.1%, 6.1%, and 6.1%, respectively. The total weight of the top 15 risk factors was 85.5%. The AUC values of the model for detecting ACS with training dataset and testing dataset were 0.927 and 0.888, respectively.Conclusions This study demonstrated that the machine-learning algorithm could be used to identify the risk factors for ACS among high risk population of stroke. Family history of dyslipidemia may be the most important risk factor for ACS. This model could be a suitable tool to optimize the clinical approach for the primary prevention of stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256045

ABSTRACT

To investigate the chemical compounds from the roots of Actinidia rufa, nine compounds were isolated by various column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were elucidated as 2α, 3β, 19α, 23, 24-pentahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), 2α, 3α, 19α, 24-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid-28-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), 2α, 3α, 24-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (3), 2α, 3α, 24-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (4), 2α, 3α, 23, 24-tetrahydroxyurs -12-en-28-oic acid (5), 2α, 3β, 23, 24-tetrah-ydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (6), 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxy-12-en-28-oic acid (7), 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxyurs-12, 20(30)-dien-28-oic acid (8), and 2α, 3α, 23-trihydroxyurs-12, 20(30)-dien-28-oic acid (9). Compounds 1 and 2 were isolated from the Actinidia genus for the first time. Compounds 2, 3, and 4 showed cytotoxic activity against human SKVO3 and TPC-1 cancer cell lines with IC₅₀ values ranging from 10.99 to 16.41 μmol•L⁻¹, compounds 3 and 4 have cytotoxic activity against human HeLa cancer cell line with IC₅₀ values of 15.53 and 13.07 μmol•L⁻¹, respectively.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1259-1262, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301740

ABSTRACT

Liquid biopsy as a new rising non-invasive testing method play an important role in assisting diagnosis, evaluating efficacy and prognosis, monitoring early recurrence and drug resistance. It has been widely applied in some types of solid tumors. Lymphoma is a group of heterogeneous hematological malignancies, among which most subtypes without specific tumor markers, and the evaluation of the efficacy and prognosis mainly depend on biopsy and imaging. Compared with other solid tumors, lymphoma cells were characterized by a trend to enter in peripheral circulation, and the diversity of immunoglobulin molecules can be monitored as marker, which can be applicable to liquid biopsy. With the advances in detection technology, research and application of liquid biopsy in lymphoma have attracted more attentions. In this review, the concept of liquid biopsy, base for liquid biopsy and its current situation of performance, progress of research and performace of liquid biopsy in lymphoma and so on are summarized.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256858

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the ideal digestive tract reconstruction methods among three different surgical methods after radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 123 patients who received elective radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer from February 2010 to August 2011 were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into radical proximal gastrectomy and jejunal interposition group, radical proximal gastrectomy and esophageal with the posterior of residual-stomach group, and radical total gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy group. Patients were followed up for 12 months. Symptoms of reflux esophagitis were observed, gastric emptying tests were done, liver and kidney function was also monitored. The quality of life was documented before operation, and one and twelve months after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were found among these three groups in the pH value of lower part of esophagus, the blood regular test results and the functional parameters of kidney and liver before and after operation(all P>0.05). Symptoms of reflux esophagitis was reported in 1(2.4%) patients in the jejunal interposition group, 10(24.4%) in esophageal with the posterial of residual-stomach group, and 7(17.1%) in the Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy group(P=0.017). There was 1(2.4%), 10(17.1%), and 8(19.5%) patients presented reflux of barium meal in these three groups, respectively (P=0.046). There were no statistically significant difference in PH at the distal esophagus(6.9±0.2 vs. 6.8±0.1 vs. 6.9±0.1, P=0.196). The quality of life was significantly improved one year after surgery in terms of general status, physical function, emotional function, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, pain, constipation, and diarrhea (all P<0.05), with the jejunal interposition superior than the other two methods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Three methods of digestive tract reconstruction in radical gastrectomy of gastric cancer patients can improve the health status and the quality of life in gastric cancer patients. Radical proximal gastrectomy and jejunal interposition is the preferred method.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Anastomosis, Surgical , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Esophagus , Gastrectomy , Gastric Emptying , Gastric Stump , Humans , Jejunum , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1028-1031, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295747

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report two de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with t(11;22)(q23;q11.2) and summarize the clinical and biological characteristics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bone marrow cells morphology, immunophenotype, chromosome karyotype, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), PCR and gene sequencing were performed. Clinical manifestation and routine laboratory tests were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were diagnosed as AML-M₂ and AML-M₅ by morphology and immunophenotype results. Both patients carried t(11;22)(q23; q11.2) and one of them carried an additional chromosome abnormality. MLL-SEPTIN5 fusion transcript was identified in two patients by RT-PCR and sequencing. The two patients got hematologic complete remission after induction chemotherapy with daunorubicin, homoharringtonine, and cytarabine (DHA) or daunorubicin and cytarabine (DA). One of them relapsed and died during consolidation therapy with intermediate-dose cytarabine.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Leukemia with t(11;22)(q23;q11.2) chromosome translocation met the clinical and laboratory manifestations of AML. The MLL-SEPTIN5 fusion transcript was the distinctively biological etiology. Patients with t(11;22)(q23;q11.2) were vulnerable to relapse after conventional chemotherapy and had poor prognosis. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be recommended as early as possible.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 , Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Male , Prognosis , Translocation, Genetic
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1427-1431, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325245

ABSTRACT

Objective of this study was to investigate the correlation of body-carried inherited paternal antigens (IPA) in one mother after delivery with pregnancy thrombocytopenia. The changes of platelet (Plt) count in the mother who delivered 2 years ago and her child who is now one year's old were detected, routine tests included Helicobacter pylori, CMV, EBV, parvovirus and other herpes virus's infection were carried out. Eight insertion or deletion sites (InDel) SNP with strong polymorphisms in Chinese population was selected to detect IPA from a genomic library, then primers were designed, the nested PCR and real-time quantitative PCR were used to detect 54 healthy mother-child pairs, the obtained average value was taken as the control, finally two InDel polymorphism sites between mother and child were used to identify the mother/child microchimerism. The IPA of the mother were examined at 4 time points. The results showed that the Plt level of the mother who had suffered thrombocytopenia since 20 weeks after pregnancy reduced to 10 × 10(9)/L. After using gamma globulin, the Plt count increased gradually, but the Plt count decreased rapidly when withdrawal. This patient did not have the infections of virus and Helicobacter pylori. IPA average value of 54 cases were from 10(-5) to 10(-4). At 67 d after delivery, the Plt count of the mother was 14 × 10(9)/L, IPA was 3.45 × 10(-3), which was 30 times higher than the normal. In one month after treatment the IPA was 1.3 × 10(-4) (Plt 256 × 10(9)/L), 5 months later it was 1.2 × 10(-4) (Plt 158 × 10(9)/L), and 6 months later it was 1.5 × 10(-4) (Plt 325 × 10(9)/L). When IPA reached the normal level, the Plt count returned to normal. Her child suffered thrombocytopenia (4 × 10(9)/L) one month after he was born, then recovered after high-dose gamma globulin therapy. It is concluded that abnormal high level IPA may lead to pregnancy thrombocytopenia.


Subject(s)
Antigens , Genetics , Chimerism , Fathers , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic , Genetics , Thrombocytopenia , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263391

ABSTRACT

Somatic gene V617F mutation in JAK2 is a critical molecular and biological indicator to diagnosis of chronic myeloproliferative disease (MPD). This study was aimed to investigate the genetic background of V617F mutation in 46/1 gene haplotype in Chinese MPD patients, and the frequencies of 46/1 gene haplotype and V617F mutation in three nationalities of Chinese populations. Peripheral blood or bone marrow samples of 150 V617F mutation positive MPD patients, 123 V617F mutation negative MPD patients, 124 healthy Han individuals, 395 healthy Tibetan individuals and 315 healthy Yugu individuals were collected. The allele-specific multiplex PCR method was established, the presence or absence of V617F mutation, the presence or absence of 46/1 haplotype, and the relationship between V617F and 46/1 haplotype were easily identified by agarose gel image. The results showed that the V617F mutation located in the 46/1 haplotype of 88 cases (58.67) among 150 V617F-positive MPD cases. In 814 Chinese healthy individuals including Han, Tibetan, Yugu nationalities, the frequency of the 46/1 gene haplotype was 38.37 without difference in the frequency among different nationalities, and no V617F mutation was found in Chinese healthy populations, The frequency of the 46/1 gene haplotype was 43.09 in V617F mutation negative MPD patients and was 69.33 in V617F mutation positive MPD patients, the latter was obviously higher than former and than that in healthy Han individuals. In conclusion, a multiplex PCR method has been developed that is simple and useful to identify V617F mutation in JAK2 gene and its relationship to the 46/1 haplotype. In more than half of Chinese V617F-positive MPD patients, the V617F mutation locates in 46/1 haplotype in JAK2. The frequencies of 46/1 haplotype are statistically insignificant among Han, Tibetan and Yugu nationality populations.


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , Ethnicity , Genetics , Female , Haplotypes , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263353

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to analyze the characteristics of morphology, immunology, cytogenetic and molecular biology of leukemia cells in 12 AML patients with Ph(+) and their correlation with survival of patients. 12 patients with Ph(+) AML were diagnosed according to diagnostic criteria of WHO and existence of t(9;22) (q34;q11) or t(9;22) abnormality, meanwhile no evidence of CML chronic phase was observed. The results showed that 8 out of 12 cases were confirmedly diagnosed to be AML by morphologic and immunophenotypic examination, 4 cases were diagnosed as myeloid and B lymphocytic mixed acute leukemia. The Ph chromosome was detected in 10 cases by chromosome analysis at the first time of diagnosis, and some of the cases had coexistence of complex chromosome and/or normal karyotype. BCR-ABL transcript was detected in all 12 cases, including 7 cases with b3a2, 1 case with b2a2, 1 case with b2a2 variants, 2 cases with e1a2 and 1 case with e18a2. The 12 cases all got complete remission after chemotherapy and/or gleevec treatment, out of them 3 cases received chemotherapy and gleevec treatment, but 2 cases died; 9 cases received allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), 1 case died from relapse, among them 1 case died from transplant complications. The median survival was 24 (8 - 80) months, the overall survival of 3 years was (51.4 ± 17.7)%. It is concluded that the Ph(+) AML is a acute myelogenous leukemia with poor prognosis, but long-term survival may be achieved with HSCT as quick as after complete remission from gleevec and chemotherapy treatment. Meanwhile, the detection of BCR-ABL gene and it variants may be give more opportunity for diagnose and treatment, which can be used as routine screening for newly diagnosed leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Prognosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244967

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to explore the influence of number and locus of HLA allele mismatch on unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (URHSCT) in Chinese Han population. Total 10 alleles within the HLA-A/B/C/DRB1/DQB1 loci were analyzed by PCR-SSP for 101 pairs of donor and recipients who received URHSCT. 101 cases of URHSCT were divided into four groups: HLA-allele 10/10 match (n = 30), 9/10 (n = 32), 8/10 (n = 31) and 7/10 match (n = 8). The correlation of the HLA with overall survival (OS ≥ 1 year), incidence of acute GVHD (aGVHD) of grade II to IV and relapse rate of primary diseases were evaluated. The results showed that (1) The OS rates in HLA-10/10 and 9/10 groups were higher than that in HLA-8/10 match group (78% and 82% vs 50%, p = 0.39); incidence of aGVHD in the HLA-10/10 were lower than that in HLA-9/10 and HLA-8/10 group (0% vs 10% and 10%; p = 0.28); relapse rates among the 3 groups were close (16%, 18% and 20%, respectively). Although there were only 8 cases in HLA-7/10 match URHSCT, the data indicated that they were safe and effective; (2) Compared to the HLA-10/10 match URHSCT (n = 30), the HLA-C mismatch URHSCT (n = 12) harbored higher incidence of severe aGVHD (0% vs 25%, p = 0.006), longer OS (77% vs 85%, p = 0.30), and tendency to low relapse rate (8% vs17%, p = 0.47); (3) According to HLA-C1/C2, the ligands of inhibitory KIR, the 42 cases of HLA-10/10 match URHSCT and HLA-C mismatch URHSCT were grouped into donor/recipient HLA-C1/C2 match and mis-match subgroups. There was no difference between the two subgroups for OS, incidence of aGVHD and relapse rate (78% vs 80%, 14% vs 20%, and 5% vs 20%). It is concluded that for 0 to 2 locus of HLA allele mismatch in URHSCT, the fewer mismatch numbers, the longer OS, but with similar aGVHD incidence and the relapse rate; triple HLA allele mismatch (HLA-7/10 match) is safe in URHSCT. The HLA-C mismatch may be related to higher incidence of aGVHD and lower relapse rate and prolonged OS, remaining to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Alleles , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Epidemiology , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244959

ABSTRACT

Different cytokines are needed in the course of culturing cells to do adoptive immunotherapy. This study was aimed to investigate the differentiation directions of lymphocytes and related gene expression characteristics after combined stimulation of lymphocytes by different cytokines or EBV antigen peptide combined with cytokines. The experiment was divided into 4 groups. The levels of total T lymphocytes (CD3(+)), T helper lymphocytes (CD3(+)CD4(+)), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CD3(+)CD8(+)), memory T cells (CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RO(+)), naive T cells (CD3(+)CD8(+)CD45RA(+)), Th2 cells (CD3(+)CD30(+)), B cells (CD19(+)), NK cells (CD56(+)), naive T regulatory cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)), precise T regulatory cells (CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+)) were detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of house-keeping gene (mad1, pten), T helper cells transcriptional regulatory gene t-bet (Th1), gata3 (Th2), cytokine IFN-γ(Th1), IL-4(Th2) were detected by using RT-PCR. The results showed that CTL in EBV polypeptide group were dominant cells with certain clinical effects. Comparison of result of EBV polypeptide group with other 3 different cytokine stimulating groups demonstrated that EBV antigen peptide had much more effects on stimulating CTL generation. The expression of IFN-γ gene was significantly increased; the T helper differentiation-related gene t-bet, gata3 also increased evidently, while expression change of house-keeping gene mad1 and pten were not evident. Addition of different cytokines and antigen peptides in culture may be much more effective on stimulating CTL generation. It is concluded that specific CTL can be obtained by using the lymphocytes co-cultured with EBV and cytokines, and the different cytokines play different roles in cell differentiation.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens , Genetics , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244912

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the value of Histocheck and HLA-Matchmaker softwares in evaluating influence of HLA protein three dimensional conformation among individuals on outcome of unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (URHSCT). Data of the HLA-A/B/C/DRB1/DQB1 genotypes from 62 cases of URHSCT (HLA-allele 10/10 match 30 cases, 9/10 match 32 cases) were input into Histocheck and HLA-Matchmaker softwares respectively. The relationship between the software dissimilar scores and the 1 year overall survival (OS), incidence of aGVHD of III-IV grade and relapse rate was analyzed. The results showed that (1) with increase of the Histocheck scores, incidence of aGVHD of III-IV increased from 0% to 20% (p = 0.25), while no or mild aGVHD occurred in 70% cases with the high scores. For the relapsed cases, there was no significant difference between the cases with low scores and with highest scores (relapse rate 20%) except that 9 cases had no relapse in the group with higher score (11 - 20). (2) the analysis using HLA matchmaker software showed that incidence of aGVHD of III-IV grade increased with the increase of numbers of mismatch Eplets, arranging from 0% to 30%, the incidence of moderate aGVHD reduced (p = 0.019), whereas 60% cases in highest scores group had moderate aGVHD. No relapse occurred in the group with higher scores (≥ 3) (n = 10), whereas high relapse rate appeared in the lower score group (20%, p = 0.54). It is concluded that the value of Histocheck and HLA-Mtchmaker software for analysing the outcome of URHSCT may be similar despite of different calculating methods; for the certain pair of recipient and donor, correlation of the two score systems with incidence of aGVHD and relapse rate is similar, but with less accuracy; The HLA Matchmaker software appears better than Histocheck software in terms of correlation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Alleles , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Genotype , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Histocompatibility Testing , Humans , Male , Protein Conformation , Recurrence , Software , Tissue Donors , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 445-449, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251538

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and laboratory features of 9 cases of gammadeltaT cell lymphoma or leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2007 to 2011, 9 patients with gammadeltaT-cell lymphoma/leukemia were diagnosed in our hospital. The immunophenotype of the abnormal cells were detected by flow cytometry, clonal gene rearrangement of IgH, TCRgamma, TCRdelta by PCR, chromosome karyotype analysis by G banding, acute leukemia gene and the DNA of type 1 - 8 human herpes virus by multiple nested PCR, The gammadeltaT cells were determined by T cell with TCR gammadelta chain, the malignant gammadelta T cells by the abnormal expression of T cell antigens and the precursor malignant gammadelta T cells by the expression of CD34, TDT, CD99, CD1 a or acute leukemia genes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 9 patients with gammadeltaT cell lymphoma leukemia, significant malignant gammadeltaT cells infiltration of bone marrow were found in 8 with blast morphology. 5 were diagnosed as T-ALL/LBL (gammadeltaT type) and 4 HSgammadelta TCL. The clonal gene rearrangement of TCRgamma and/or TCRB were detected in 6/6 patients. Patients either did not achieve complete remission(CR) after induction therapy or relapsed quickly after CR. Only 4/5 patients remained continuous CR(CCR) at 2, 2, 3,12 months respectively, after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), the fifth T-ALL (gammadeltaT) relapsed 1 month after allo-HSCT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of gammadelta T cell lymphoma or leukemia may be higher than reported, part of them were T-ALL/LBL with poor prognoses. FCM and clonal gene rearrangement of TCRgamma and/or TCRdelta are helpful to diagnosis. Allo-HSCT may be the only curative approach.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Karyotype , Leukemia, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Genetics , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Diagnosis , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta , Genetics , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 525-528, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of inhibitory and activating KIRs on a cohort of Chinese leukemia patients who received haplo-identical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Donor's inhibitory and activating KIRs and recipient's HLA-C from 47 cases who received haplo-identical HSCT were tested by PCR-SSP. 2 year overall survival (OS), incidence of severe (grade III to IV) acute GVHD (aGVHD) and relapse rate (RR) were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) According to Matched (M) vs Mis-Matched (MM) between donor's inhibitory KIR and recipient's HLA-C1/C2 subgroup, 2 year OS rate in M group [(87.5 +/- 8.3)%] was significantly higher than that in MM group (54.5 +/- 9.0)%, (P = 0.03). Lower incidence of relapse rate was seen in M group than in M/MM groups [0 vs (25.4 +/- 9.5)%, P = 0.05]. In 30 cases of myeloid leukemia patients, there was lower RR in M group than in MM groups [0 vs (35.0 +/- 14.4)%, P = 0.04]. (2) According to the 3 activating KIR genes: KIR2DS1/ KIR2DS2/ KIR2DS3, lower incidence of grade III-IV aGVHD was seen in KIR2DS1 (+) group than in KIR2DS1 (-) group (13% vs 28%, respectively, P > 0.05); and so was done in KIR2DS3 (+) group (11% vs 26%, respectively, P > 0.05). The RR was lower in KIR2DS2 (+) group [0% vs (17.3 +/- 7.1)%, respectively, P > 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In our haplo-identical HSCT setting, match between donor's inhibitory KIR and recipient's HLA-C can significantly reduce the incidence of relapse rate and improve OS. Although lower incidences of severe aGVHD are noted in the donors with KIR2DS1 (+) or KIR2DS3 (+), and lower relapse rate is noted in the donors with KIR2DS2 (+) but without statistic difference, no remarkable effects of activating KIRs on OS have been found in our relatively small clinical series.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Genotype , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA-C Antigens , Genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, KIR , Classification , Recurrence , Siblings , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328572

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the anti-leukemia activity of Tel03 in vivo. The K562 xenografted leukemia model was established and mice were divided randomly into three groups. Mice of different group were treated with PBS (control), 5 mg/kg Tel03 or 15 mg/kg Tel03 (ip, twice a week) respectively. Tumor volume, body weight and other behavior were observed regularly. Cell apoptosis was detected with TUNEL assay and the expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that Tel03 exerted anti-leukemia activity in mouse model. Tel03 significantly reduced tumor volume in Tel03-treated group compared with control. In addition, 5 mg/kg Tel03 induced cell apoptosis without exerting apparent toxicity in mice. After Tel03 treatment, the expression of Bcl-2 was inhibited, however, the expression of Bax was up-regulated. It is concluded that G-quadruplex ligand Tel03 can induce cell apoptosis in leukemia mouse model, and this agent may be a potential anticancer drug.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Female , G-Quadruplexes , Humans , K562 Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1381-1385, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332355

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of acute leukemia with 11q23/mll rearrangement and explore the reasonable therapeutic principles. Characteristics in general situation, morphology, immunology, molecular biology, cytogenetics, treatment and overall survival of 36 cases of acute leukemias with mll gene rearrangement were studied and analyzed. The results showed that 36 cases with mll gene rearrangement were found positive (7.2%) in 494 patients with acute leukemia. Among the 36 cases of mll rearrangement positive, 32 cases were diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with myeloid antigen expression, of which 5 cases expressed lymphoblastic differentiation antigen; 4 cases were classified as B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), of which non-lineage myeloid expression pattern were found in 3 cases. In 29 out of 36 cases (80%) the clonal chromosomal aberration were detected, of which chromosome 11 aberration were observed in 22 cases. All patients received chemotherapy with a total response rate of 47.2%. Of the responded patients, 10 cases relapsed within 6 months, with a recurrence rate of 40%; 9 cases received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), 7 cases of which survived after transplantation. The median survival time of 36 cases was 16 months (range 2 - 46) and their 2-year overall survival rate was 41.4%. The 2-year overall survival rate of 9 patients who received HSCT was 87.5%. It is concluded that acute leukemia patients with mll gene rearrangement show poor response to chemotherapy, high recurrence rate and poor prognosis. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be a reasonable treatment principle to improve these patients' survival situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Humans , Infant , Leukemia , Classification , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Young Adult
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1347-1351, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343288

ABSTRACT

Natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphomas represent a rare type of lymphoma derived from either activated NK cells or cytotoxic T cells. They are most commonly extranodal and tend to present as destructive lesions within the midline facial structures. Other than the nasal cavity and Para nasal sinuses, several other extra nodal sites of involvement have been reported, including the pharynx, gastrointestinal tract, and testis. Occasionally, pleural effusion has also been observed. Here, a case of lymphoma of NK/T-cell type presented as pleural effusion was reported. The patient was previously misdiagnosed as B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by pathological and immunohistochemistry (IH) analysis for pleural membrane biopsy specimen. After the analysis of the pleural fluid cells by a combination of morphologic, immunophenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular (MICM) methods in Beijing Dao-Pei hospital, some lymphoblasts were found morphologically, which expressed cytoplasmic CD3 (cCD3) and CD56 by flow cytometry analysis and had a clonal T-cell receptor gamma (TCR-gamma) gene rearrangement by molecular analysis, so that the diagnosis was finally corrected as NK/T-cell lymphoma and an allogeneic stem cell transplantation was successfully performed. In conclusion, this unusual case highlights the significance of MICM combined techniques for the diagnosis of lymphoma, as well as an unusual presentation of a rare disease and the successful treatment.


Subject(s)
Cytological Techniques , Humans , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Natural Killer T-Cells , Pleural Effusion , Diagnosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334074

ABSTRACT

To investigate the biological characteristics of the variant translocation der ins (17;15) in a patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), the conventional G-banding technique, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (int-FISH), RT-PCR, gene scanning, gene sequence and flow cytometry were performed. The results indicated that the variant translocation der ins (17, 15) observed by G banding technique was a rare type, the int-FISH assay by using dual-color pml/raralpha fusion probes confirmed the cytogenetic findings. The detection results of other molecular methods demonstrated the existence of the whole pml/raralpha fusion gene, while this case had insertion variant translocation. This patient got complete remission by using combined chemotherapy, and survives with continuous complete remission during following up for 1 year. In conclusion, the variant translocation der ins (17; 15) is rare type in APL, its incidence is lower, several signal types in detection of int-FISH were observed and the combination chemotherapy for this patient showed more obvious efficacy.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Interphase , Genetics , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Genetics , Male , Translocation, Genetic , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334034

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze the correlation of JAK2V617F mutation burden with clinical features in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET), The JAK2V617F mutation ratios in 47 PV samples and 43 ET samples were detected by real-time PCR. The correlation of mutation allele ratio in PV and ET samples with clinical features (hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell count and platelet count) was analyzed. The results showed that the JAK2V617F mutation burden was higher in PV (0.441 +/- 0.270) than that in ET (0.209 +/- 0.192). The JAK2V617F mutation burden was positively correlated with levels of hemoglobin (PV: R = 0.518, p < 0.001; ET: R = 0.528, p = 0.005), hematocrit (PV: R = 0.510, p < 0.001; ET: R = 0.524, p = 0.005) and leukocyte (PV: R = 0.584, p = < 0.001; ET: R = 0.471, p = 0.013) in PV and ET samples. The higher JAK2V617F mutation burden was negatively correlated with levels of platelet count in PV samples (R = -0.354, p = 0.020), but there was no correlation between the JAK2V617F mutation burden and platelet count in ET samples (R = 0.233, p = 0.242). It is concluded that the higher JAK2V617F mutation burden is related with higher hemoglobin, hematocrit and leukocyte count in both PV and ET samples. The higher JAK2V617F mutation burden is correlated with lower platelet count in PV samples, but there is no correlation between JAK2V617F mutation burden and platelet count in ET samples.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Female , Hemoglobins , Humans , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Polycythemia Vera , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Genetics , Young Adult
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