Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 460-466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922922

ABSTRACT

Based on the similar structure of adrenaline shared by higenamine (HI), salsolinol (SA) and coryneine (CO), a photochemical colorimetric sensor based on the displacement reaction of o-diphenol hydroxyl group and alizarin red S-phenylboric acid system was constructed to quickly distinguish and identify the cardiac strength of Shengfupian. The results show that the optimal condition of the sensor is: the molar ratio of alizarin red S (ARS) to phenylboric acid (PA) is 1∶3, reaction temperature is 0 ℃; The preparation method of the sample solution is optimized as follows: 2.5 g of Shengfupian powder was taken, 10 times the amount of methanol was added, and 300 W, 40 kHz ultrasound was carried out for 15 min; methodological studies showed that the method had good precision, repeatability and stability. The |△G| value (G is green, |△G| = |G after - G before|) of each sample was obtained by response values determination of 14 batches of Shengfupian. LC-MS/MS was used to determine the contents of three cardiac components in Shengfupian. It was found that the order of the total contents of cardiotonic components was basically consistent with |△G|. Then the correlation was analyzed, and the correlation coefficient R2 was as high as 0.87, which proved the scientificity and accuracy of this method. This study fills the methodological gap of rapid evaluation of the quality of Shengfupian, and provides the key technical support for the high quality and good price of Shengfupian in the market circulation and clinical application.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1610-1615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a series of severe complications in the perioperative and anesthetic periods with a decline in memory, execution ability, and information processing speed as the primary clinical manifestation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of edaravone (EDA) on PND and peripheral blood C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in elderly patients with hip replacement.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University (from March 2016 to March 2018) were randomly and double-blindly categorized into an EDA group and a control group (CON). Group EDA was administered intravenously EDA 30 min before surgery, and group CON was administered intravenously saline. The cognitive function of the two groups was evaluated 1-day before the operation and at 1 and 12 months after surgery, and the incidence of post-operative delirium was tested on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery using the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method. Serum CXCL13 and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were measured before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. The continuous variables in accordance with normal distribution were tested using the Student's t test, the continuous variables without normal distribution using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables by the χ2 test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of post-operative delirium within 7 days after surgery was significantly higher in group CON than that in group EDA (31.3% vs. 15.0%, t = -5.6, P < 0.001). The modified telephone interview for cognitive status and activities of daily life scores were significantly higher in the group EDA than those in the group CON at 1 month (39.63 ± 4.35 vs. 33.63 ± 5.81, t = -2.13, P < 0.05 and 74.3 ± 12.6 vs. 61.2 ± 13.1, t = -1.69, P < 0.05) and 12 months (40.13 ± 5.93 vs. 34.13 ± 5.36, t = -3.37, P < 0.05 and 79.6 ± 11.7 vs. 65.6 ± 16.6, t = -2.08, P < 0.05) after surgery; and the incidence of neurocognitive dysfunction was significantly lower in the group EDA than that in the group CON (P < 0.05). Serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were significantly lower in the group EDA than those in the group CON during and after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EDA can significantly reduce the serum concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 and improve the PND of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Chemokines, CXC/drug effects , Delirium , Double-Blind Method , Edaravone , Humans , Ligands , Postoperative Complications
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921796

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a major chronic disease threatening women's health. It has topped the global cancers as the diagnosed cases outnumbered lung cancer patients in 2020. Internal damage due to the seven emotions is an important cause of breast cancer and the disorders of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and endocrine system and the abnormal immune defense mechanism in response to psychological stress all affect the occurrence and development of breast cancer. It is noteworthy that the theory of seven emotions in traditional Chinese medicine and the psychological stress theory of modern medicine have something in common in some aspects. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between internal damage due to the seven emotions and psychological stress and analyzed the molecular biological mechanisms of psychological stress influencing breast cancer from the perspective of modern medicine, which is helpful to reasonably prevent breast cancer and other related tumors and improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients through emotion regulation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Emotions , Female , Humans , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress, Psychological
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828006

ABSTRACT

Inhibition of bitterness is a significant measure to improve the compliance and clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) decoction. According to the characteristics of TCM decoction, such as high dispersion of bitterness components, multi-component bitterness superposition and strong instantaneous stimulation, the research group put forward a new strategy to inhibit bitterness in the early stage based on the self-assembly characteristics of amphiphilic substances in aqueous solution, in order to reduce the distribution of bitterness components in real solution and achieve the purpose of bitter-masking. It was found that the bitter-masking effect of amphiphilic substances was different on the bitter compounds of various structures. Therefore, it was speculated that there might be a certain relationship between the bitter inhibition effect and the substrate structure. In this paper, the interaction between mPEG-PLLA and five bitter alkaloids(bamatine, jatrorrhizine, berberine, epiberberine and coptisine) in Coptidis Rhizoma was studied to explore the effect of substrate structure on the inhibition of bitterness. The sensory test of volunteers was used to determine the bitter-masking effect of mPEG-PLLA on the decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma and its main bitter alkaloids. The molecular docking and molecular force field were applied to locate the bitter groups and the bitter-masking parts. The relationship between the bitter strength and the structure was analyzed by the surface electrostatic potential of the bitter alkaloids, and the correlation between the bitter-masking effect and the structural parameters of the bitter components was explored by factor analysis, so as to clarify the structure-activity relationship of mPEG-PLLA in masking the bitterness of coptis alkaloids. It was found that mPEG-PLLA had significant taste masking effect on the decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma and five alkaloids. The masking effect was obviously related to the structure of different alkaloids: the effect increased with the increase of the number of hydrogen donors, rotatable bonds, molecular weight, and hydrophobicity, and decreased with the increase of surface electrostatic potential, electrophilicity and binding energy with bitter receptors. In this study, the influence of alkaloid structure of Coptidis Rhizoma on the butter-masking effect of mPEG-PLLA was preliminarily elucidated, providing a scientific basis for better exerting the bitter-masking effect of amphiphilic block copolymers.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Structure-Activity Relationship , Taste
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827977

ABSTRACT

The iterative innovation of processing technology is one of the important tasks in studies on processing of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). It is also the prerequisite for modern, refined, automatic and intelligent manufacturing of TCM pieces. Microwave processing is a new fire processing technique developed in the recent 30 years, with a unique thermodynamic form, and energy transfer and transformation laws. Moreover, it owns the advantages of a high processing efficiency, good product properties and low production energy consumption, with great application prospects. This paper introduced the study overview of microwave expansion technology in the food industry, reviewed the origin of microwave processing technology of TCM, and expounded the basic concept, principle and main purpose of microwave processing technology used in TCM. Then, the impacts of drug factors and microwave factors on the microwave processing effect were summarized, the industrial equipment that could be used for microwave processing was listed, and the impacts of microwave heating on starch, polysaccharide, protein and other components in Chinese herbal medicines were analyzed. Furthermore, the study advance of microwave processing of 14 herbs was investigated, including Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia, Galli Gigerii Endothelium Corneum and Asini Corii Colla; and the appearance and components of herbs processed by traditional processing method and microwave processing method were compared, so as to reveal the opportunities and challenges of microwave processing technology in the industrial transformation. We hoped that the systematic study of microwave processing technology could provide new ideas and techniques for the high-quality and high-level development of the TCM pieces industry in the new era, and promote its inheritance, innovation and transformation.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Microwaves , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827941

ABSTRACT

Animal medicines have been called "medicine with affinity to flesh and blood" by doctors of all ages, which always act as an important branch of Chinese medicine. They have various types, extensive sources and long application history, with unique cli-nical effects in anti-coagulation, anti-thrombosis, anti-fatigue, immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-convulsion and so on. Most animal medicines contain proteins, fatty acids, and trimethylamine oxides, which are prone to decomposition and produce substances such as biological amines, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, trimethylamine and ammonia with unpleasant odors. The stench produced by the combination of various odors can easily cause side effects such as nausea and vomiting, which would probably affect the drug compliance and clinical efficacy in patients, and block the development of high-quality animal medicines. At present, we have insufficient understanding on sources and formation mechanism of the stench of animal medicines, lacking development of taste-masking technology. Therefore, the universality, formation, vomiting mechanism, evaluation methods, and masking technology of stench of animal medicines were summarized in this paper, so as to deepen the recognition of stench, provide references for the development of animal medicines deodorization technology, enhance patients' compliance with animal medicines, and promote animal drugs to better serve public health in the new era.


Subject(s)
Animals , Fatigue , Humans , Neoplasms , Taste , Technology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the odorous components and their contents in raw products, wine-processed products, vinegar-processed products and wheat bran-processed products of Periplaneta americana. Method:Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used to extract the volatile components from different processed products, the chemical compositions were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the relative contents of each component was calculated by peak area normalization method. Result:A total of 41, 32, 40 and 47 components were respectively identified from raw, wine-processed, vinegar-processed and wheat bran-processed products of P. americana, involving a total of 13 common components. Conclusion:The odorous components in the raw products are mainly derived from aldehydes, alcohols, amines, hydrocarbons and other volatile substances. Odorous components can be reduced effectively and flavoring substances can be increased by wine, vinegar and wheat bran processing. This study provides a scientific basis for the further study of correcting odor of P. americana, it also provides a reference for analysis and correction of odor of animal medicines.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 737-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780158

ABSTRACT

Ellagic acid is ubiquitous in plants and is considered as a potential candidate for antioxidant and antineoplastic drugs. However, ellagic acid has poor solubility and precipitates easily even after initial solubilization. Improvement of its bioavailability has been a concern of pharmaceutical industry. It was found that storage in Sanlejiang oral liquid at low temperature keeps its stability. Ellagic acid is anomalous in a way that is easily soluble at low temperatures but precipitates at high temperatures. In order to reveal the mechanism of this phenomenon and develop precipitation prevention and control strategies, ellagic acid in Sanlejiang oral liquid was stored at high, medium and low temperatures for three months. The changes of composition and phase state of the whole system during storage were systematically tracked and studied by means of precipitation amount or morphology, HPLC chemical profile of supernatant versus precipitates, and comprehensive characterization of physical phase state. The results show that the amount of precipitation at low temperature is only 1/3 of that at normal room temperature. As the temperature rises, the sedimentation increases sharply. HPLC analyses of supernatant versus precipitates revealed that ellagic acid precipitation originated from two ways: chemical degradation and physical deposition. The chemical sedimentation is related to the hydrolysis of tannins under acidic condition, forming chebulagic acid and corilagin. Physical sedimentation is related to the decrease of the association degree and viscosity of polyphenol colloids when temperature rises. This study elucidated the stability mechanism of ellagic acid in liquid preparations of TCM, and provided the mechanistic basis for efficient utilization and solution prepartion of ellagic acid.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314951

ABSTRACT

A simple and reliable method of high-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was developed to evaluate the quality of a traditional Chinese medicine Sophora flavescens through establishing chromatographic fingerprint and simultaneous determination of five flavonoids, including trifolirhizin, maackiain, kushenol I, kurarinone and sophoraflavanone G. The optimal conditions of separation and detection were achieved on an ULTIMATE XB-C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with a gradient of acetonitrile and water, detected at 295 nm. In the chromatographic fingerprint, 13 peaks were selected as the characteristic peaks to assess the similarities of different samples collected from different origins in China according to similarity evaluation for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional chinese medicine (2004AB) and principal component analysis (PCA) were used in data analysis. There were significant differences in the fingerprint chromatograms between S. flavescens and S. tonkinensis. Principal component analysis showed that kurarinone and sophoraflavanone G were the most important component. In quantitative analysis, the five components showed good regression (R > 0.999) with linear ranges, and their recoveries were in the range of 96.3% - 102.3%. This study indicated that the combination of quantitative and chromatographic fingerprint analysis can be readily utilized as a quality control method for S. flavescens and its related traditional Chinese medicinal preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Flavonoids , Quality Control , Sophora , Chemistry
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 766-770, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain the knowledge status on recommended heart failure (HF) guidelines among Chinese physicians.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Questionnaire on heart failure including 20 multiple choice questions and 10 fill in the blank questions was designed based on the Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure in 2007 and the Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute heart failure in 2010. The rate of correct answer for each item was calculated and compared among physicians specialized for cardiovascular diseases and not.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Questionnaire was completed in 400 physicians, including 208 physician specialized for cardiovascular disease and 192 physicians not specialized in cardiovascular disease. The rate of correct answer for 20 multiple choice questions was lower than 60% in 8 questions, 60%-80% in 8 questions, higher than 80% in 4 questions. The rate of correct answers for 10 fill in the blank questions focusing on the aimed dosage of 10 ACEI/ARB/β-blockers was 49%. The 8 multiple choice questions with correct answer rate <60% are detailed items of myocardial remodeling, symptoms suggestive of HF, diagnosis tools for patients with suspected HF, the AHA stages of heart failure, the Forrester's hemodynamic classes of acute heart failure, the goals of ACEI/ARBs treatment in patients with HF, names of heart diseases which might benefit from ACEI/ARBs treatment defined by evidenced based medicine, and detailed application methods of ACEI/ARBs and β-blockers for HF patients. In general, the rate of correct answer was significantly higher in physicians specialized for cardiovascular disease compared physicians not specialized for cardiovascular disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is a considerable knowledge gap on the Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure and the Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute heart failure among Chinese physicians. Efforts must be made to educate physicians to improve their knowledge and improve HF patient care.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Clinical Competence , Female , Heart Failure , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Physicians , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 626-629, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277785

ABSTRACT

Senecio cannabifolius var integrilifolius (Compositae), locally known as "Fanhuncao" in China, is a folk herb used for the treatment of pneumonia, virus influenza and bronchitis. To investigate the chemical constituents of this herb, water extract of the aerial parts was subjected to various chromatography on normal/reversed phase silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column. Eleven compounds were obtained and identified on the basis of their physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis as senecine (1), p-hydroxy-benzeneacetic acid (2), protocatechuic acid (3), 2,5-dihydroxy-benzeneacetic acid (4), 3,4-dihydroxy-benzeneacetic acid (5), vanillic acid (6), caffic acid (7), succinic acid (8), 2-furoic acid (9), 1, 2, 4, 5-tetrahydro-jacaranone (10), and 4-(pyrrolidin-2-one)-phenylacetic acid (11). Compound 1 was structurally identified to be a new compound; the other compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Aniline Compounds , Chemistry , Anticarcinogenic Agents , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Senecio , Chemistry , Vanillic Acid , Chemistry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276809

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate expression of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA (VEGF mRNA) and its relationship with leukemic cell apoptosis after VEGF antisense oligonucleotide (VEGF ASODN) transferred into HL-60 cells. The phosphorothiate VEGF ODN was transferred into HL-60 cells in vitro by using cation poly mediated method, the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was assayed by MTT, expression of VEGF mRNA was measured by RT-PCR, cell apoptosis was detected by cell morphology observation, DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometer (FCM). The results showed that difference of the inhibitory rate of cell proliferation and the relative expression of VEGF mRNA between ASODN group and MSODN or control groups under the same condition (p < 0.05) was statistic significant, but no significant difference (p > 0.05) was found between MSODN and control. The number of clusters of cells in ASODN group decreased; the morphology features of apoptotic cells involved cell shrinking, more granulation in cytoplasm, nuclear contracting and many fragments of cells. In MSODN and control groups, however, cells were plump and clear, and grow healthly. The result of electrophoresis revealed DNA ladder in ASODN group, while only one band of DNA in control groups. The rate of cell apoptosis was 19.46% in ASODN group with a significant difference as compared with MSODN groups and control (p < 0.05). The rate of HL-60 cell apoptosis in combination of VEGF ASODN with VP16 was significantly higher than that in VP16 alone (p < 0.05) and showed time- and dose- dependence. It is concluded that VEGF ASODN can down-regulate expression of VEGF mRNA of HL-60 cells, induces the apoptosis, inhibits the proliferation of HL-60 cells and enhances VP16-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells, the VEGF ASODN in combination with VP16 shows additive effect.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Etoposide , Pharmacology , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate the constituents of Senecio scandens and determine their structures.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Componds were isolated and purified by silica gel column chromatography and the structures were identified by spectroscopic methods.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Nine compounds were isolated as lupenone (1) , oleanane (2) , beta-sitosterol (3) , daucosterol (4) , adonifoline (5) , phydroxy benzeneacetic acid (6) , 2-(1,4-dihydroxy-cyclohexanyl) -acetic acid (7), hyperoside (8), linarin (9).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These compounds were obtained from S. scandens for the first time except 4 and 6.</p>


Subject(s)
Glycosides , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry , Senecio , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356505

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of c-myc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on the telomerase activity and the induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells, and to explore the relationship between the telomerase activity and the expression of c-myc gene in HL-60 cells, after treatment by c-myc ASODN, the expression of c-myc was detected by RT-PCR, the apoptosis, cell cycle were detected with agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytomety, and the telomerase activity was determined with TRAP-ELISA. The results showed that after blocking c-myc gene with ASODN for 72 hours, it is obvious that the expression of c-myc gene was inhibited. The percentage of S phase HL-60 cells decreased from 55.6% to 30%, the early apoptosis peak appeared (the percentage of apoptosis cells were 25.2%) and the DNA ladders were shown. OD(450 - 690) were 2.648 +/- 0.42, 2.324 +/- 0.36, 2.162 +/- 0.38, 1.952 +/- 0.14, 1.805 +/- 0.40, 1.616 +/- 0.41 and 2.466 +/- 0.29, respectively, as the cells were treated with 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN for 72 hours. The difference was significant when compared 3, 4, 5 micromol/L groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group respectively (P < 0.05), but the difference was no significant when compared 1, 2 micromol/L ASODN and 5 micromol/L SODN groups with 0 micromol/L ASODN group (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the c-myc gene ASODN may induce the apoptosis of cells, inhibit cells from G(1) phase into S phase and regulate the telomerase activity down in HL-60 cells by blocking the expression of c-myc gene.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Flow Cytometry , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Oligonucleotides, Antisense , Genetics , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Telomerase , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL