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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777936

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among residents aged 35 years or older in Yuhuan county of Zhejiang Province and explore the associations of overweight and obesity with hypertension. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 124 693 permanent residents aged 35 years or older, who were randomly selected using cluster sampling method from Yuhuan county. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 34.53% and 10.18% among subjects, respectively. The overweight prevalence for male (35.56%) was higher than that for female (33.66%), whereas the obesity prevalence for female (11.26%) was higher than that for male (8.90%) (all P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that age, education, occupation, regular physical exercise, smoking, drinking and high-salt diet were possible factors for overweight and obesity (all P<0.05). After adjustment for covariates, compared to participants with normal weight, the multivariate logistic regression indicated that the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidential interval of overweight and obesity were 2.02 (95% CI:1.93-2.11) and 3.83 (95% CI:3.57-4.10) for hypertension in men, and were 1.94(95% CI:1.86-2.02)and 3.56(95% CI:3.35-3.77) in women, respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of overweight and obesity was high among residents aged 35 years or older in Yuhuan county, and they may relate to the increasing risk of hypertension.

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